Firm Profile > Kuit Steinart Levy LLP > Manchester, England
Kuit Steinart Levy LLP Offices
3 ST MARY'S PARSONAGE
Kuit Steinart Levy LLP > The Legal 500 Rankings
Headed by Kevin McKenna, the team at Kuit Steinart Levy LLP handles a variety of employee-related matters but has particular expertise in complex Employment Tribunal litigation involving whistleblowing and discrimination, senior executive terminations, and matters relating to confidential information and restrictive covenants. In 2019, it undertook a number of High Court injunction matters, responding to claims involving post-termination restrictive covenants.
Licensing Tier 1
Key areas of work at Kuit Steinart Levy LLP include supporting insolvency practitioners with urgent licensing applications, providing strategic licensing advice to property developers and companies with large leisure portfolios and the licensing of sexual entertainment venues. The team has a specialism in obtaining new premises licenses in areas of cumulative impact. Felicity Tulloch, who focuses on licensing in the leisure sector, jointly heads the practice with Anthony Lyons, who concentrates on providing strategic licensing advice to institutions and landlords.
GG Hospitality (The Stock Exchange Hotel & Hotel Football, Manchester)
Manchester Airport Group
Revolution Bars Group
Rose Pubs Group
Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists
Somerset House Trust, London
The Alchemist Bar & Restaurant Limited
The London Science Museum
The New World Trading Company (UK) Limited
‘The private client team has a breadth of knowledge in the family business arena that is difficult to match for value. They get the balance between tax and law right which makes them ideal to work with as a tax adviser.’
‘Paul Bricknell stands out for me, always generous with his time he is an outstanding legal adviser for a business owner.’
‘Graham Wood has worked with us for a number of years. He’s quick to respond and very supportive. Nothing is too much trouble.’
‘As a team they are efficient, always available and make you feel valued at a client.’
‘Stand out partners are Lauren Clyne and Paul Bricknell.’
Crown Oil Limited
Park Charitable Trust
Recommended adviser to clients of Personal Financial Planning Limited
Recommended adviser to clients of Swisspartners
Recommended adviser to clients of UBS Private Bank Zurich
Stoller Charitable Trust
Employment Tier 2
At Kuit Steinart Levy LLP, the Manchester employment team continues to carve out a reputation undertaking contract work for high-profile international sports players and staff, as well as handling High Court injunctions, often involving post-termination restrictive covenants. Headed by Kevin McKenna, the team also has a track record advising on senior executive terminations and boardroom disputes, restructurings and redundancies, and TUPE matters. Tribunal litigation, especially claims involving whistleblowing and discrimination, are another key area of strength. Sally Bird and Mark McKeating are noted for their expertise.
Banking and finance Tier 3
Kuit Steinart Levy LLP possess a 'highly experienced team which values long-term client relationships'. George MacMillan heads up the practice, and is singled out for his real estate finance expertise, particularly in the development and investment fields. Contributing to the firm's real estate finance knowledge is Alison Kellett, who has advised clients on commercial and residential portfolios and property acquisition mandates. The 'very knowledgeable' Meave O’Neill is notable in the commercial, residential and retail sectors.
‘Kuits are a highly experienced team who value long-term client relationships. Highly regarded lawyers across key disciplines ensure that the team are confident in even the most complex matters.’
‘George MacMillan is my main contact. He is always happy to pick up the phone to talk through any point which requires clarification or where a speedy response is needed. He knows a lot of the professionals within the Manchester area and can often help in overcoming potential obstacles which could slow a deal down.’
‘George MacMillan is very experienced and available to advise us and take a position.’
‘Meave O’Neill is very knowledgeable.’
‘Very commercially minded. Always looking to provide logical solutions. Alison Kellett & George Macmillan recommended.’
Aldermore Bank plc
Allied Irish Bank (AIB)
Cambridge & Counties Bank Limited
Close Brothers Bridging Finance (Manchester)
Investec Bank plc
Lloyds Banking Group plc
The Royal Bank of Scotland
The commercial litigation team at Kuit Steinart Levy LLP has particular experience in contractual, shareholder and partnership disputes, professional negligence and product liability claims, and contentious probate matters. Practice head Andrew Weinberg's areas of specialism include commercial landlord and tenant actions, insolvency proceedings, professional negligence claims, product liability litigation and contractual disputes. Other names to note include Damian Bailey and Peter Kaye, who both have broad practices, and associate Kathryn Parrish, who focuses on acting for lenders in recoveries and enforcement issues.
Broadoak Private Finance Limited
Chase de Vere Financial Services
Harnbury Holdings Limited (trading as San Carlo Group)
London & Scottish Investments Limited
Property Alliance Group Limited
Persimmon Homes Limited
Robert McBride Ltd
Svenska Handelsbanken AB
‘The team are good at returning calls in timely manner. They are happy to run through legal documentation in layman’s terms so we understand them correctly. They have a specialist in each field of real estate. They know how to prioritise.’
‘Kuits’ expertise and experience is unrivalled. The firm has developed a detailed understanding of our business to ensure their advice is practical and relevant to our needs.’
‘Due to the high level of service, we feel that Kuits offer excellent value for money. While other firms may offer cheaper estimates, our own experience has shown us that the depth of commercial expertise and experience offered by Kuits – and, importantly, the value this has added to our business – cannot be underestimated.’
‘Throughout our relationship, partner Nick Nyunt and the rest of the team at Kuits have ensured that all matters have proceeded in a timely and effective manner with no stone left unturned.’
‘Nick iNyunt s prompt in returning calls or e-mails normally within a couple of hours. He can move on transactions very quickly and has the expertise to deal with complex transactions.’
David Samuel Properties
Property Alliance Group
Stewart Milne Homes
The Ventnor Group
Trafford Housing Trust
University of Salford
Led by Andrew Weinberg, the team at Kuit Steinart Levy LLP predominantly acts for business owners, family businesses and high-net-worth individuals. Combining its probate and litigation offerings, the team acts in all types of challenges to the validity of wills, including Inheritance Act claims.
Intellectual property Tier 3
Kuit Steinart Levy LLP is noted for its ‘strength in depth across patents, trade marks, designs and copyright’. The firm's team covers all forms of contentious and con-contentious work though licensing, R&D, brand acquisitions and disposals, patent disputes and international trade mark litigation. Practice head Bruce Jones is cited for his ‘experience as a patent attorney’ while Ian Morris, who recently moved into a consultancy role, is hailed as a ‘tough litigator’.
Other key lawyers:
‘Strength in depth in IP legal work in Manchester across the board – patents, trade marks, designs and copyright.
‘Ian Morris has unrivalled experience and Bruce Jones has brought good quality clients with him to add to the existing client portfolio.’
‘Ian Morris is a highly experienced, tough litigator. Bruce Jones’ experience as a patent attorney aids his understanding of complex patent cases.’
‘Great communication and a willingness to understand the subtleties within the clients business.’
‘Ian Morris is vastly experienced, knowledgeable and friendly.’
‘High level of knowledge and expertise including understanding of foreign patents.’
Beauty Bay Limited
Character World Limited
Class of ‘92
Harnbury Holdings Limited (San Carlo, Signor Sassi, Cicchetti, Fumo restaurants)
Thornton & Ross Limited
At Kuit Steinart Levy LLP, practice head Rob Buckley is vastly experienced in respect of M&A and joint ventures, with particualr expertise in inward investment work from the US. He is strong in the sports sector, though the broader team is also well-versed in hotels and leisure, healthcare, tech, professional services, AIM and family businesses. The team's commercial work encompasses licensing, distribution, manufacturing, R&D, franchising and outsourcing matters. Caroline Brennan was recently promoted to partner.
‘They have a strong partnership approach, working closely with us, understanding our business and challenges and are adaptable to the specific needs of different matters.’
‘As our trusted adviser, Kuits provide us with high quality corporate and commercial advice, helping manage our existing portfolio and offering expert and forensic legal insight.’
James Wall provides excellent engagement.’
‘Caroline Brennan is pragmatic and provides good contractual advice and negotiation.’
‘The commitment of the partners at Kuits ensures they remain close to all our transactions from start to finish.’
‘Kirsti Pinnell has excellent commercial and technical expertise, which she delivers in a manner which allows us to understand all facets of what we are working on, consistently adding value. Kirsti has been particularly strong in dealing with complex acquisitions on our behalf, helped by her in-depth knowledge of our business and commercial understanding of our sector and marketplace.’
‘The team is extremely responsive and committed to our business, no matter the size or complexity of the work. Their collective expertise and experience is second to none.’
Bagir Group Ltd
The Barkby Group plc
BiSN Holdings Limited
GG Hospitality Management Limited
Hollowood Chemists Limited
Kazera Global plc
Salford City Football Club
Family Tier 4
Kuit Steinart Levy LLP handles matters in relation to separating couples and pre-emptive wealth protection, with an increased focus on nuptial agreements and surrogacy matters. The team’s client base comprises high-net-worth individuals, family businesses and pre-existing clients from the firm’s commercial and property client rosters. Colin Davies now leads the practice after Michael Gregory departed to Knights plc in 2020.
‘Kuits Steinart Levy LLP are a great firm who provide a fantastic level of service for their clients. Their advice is sensible and pragmatic and their cases are always really well-prepared.’
‘Excellent client care, knowledge and professionalism.’
‘Knowledgeable, experienced and approachable. We do not hesitate to refer family matters to Kuits. They have expertise in ancillary work, child care and complex issues such as pensions.’
Property litigation Tier 4
Kuit Steinart Levy LLP's practice - which offers 'a very human touch rather than just bland professionalism' - acts on a range of property litigation matters including dilapidations claims, repair disputes and service charge issues. Andrew Weinberg, who leads the team, draws on his broader experience of commercial litigation. Senior associate Rebecca Jones, described as an 'impressive practitioner', has acted on a range of development disputes.
Other key lawyers:
‘Rebecca Jones continues to offer an excellent and swift service to her clients. Her determination sets her aside from her peers.’
‘Rebecca Jones is very easy to work with and is an impressive practitioner.’
‘Andrew Weinberg has a wealth of knowledge and always has an eye on client care.’
‘The team has in-depth knowledge and are a pleasure to deal with.’
‘Practical knowledge of the key issues and very sensible and timely advice. Greater focus on quality service delivery – a very human touch rather than just bland professionalism.’
Beech Properties Limited
David Samuel Properties
IO Oil and Gas
Linmari Group Limited
Living Hope Church (Kemi Ilori Ministries) Limited
London & Scottish Property Investments Limited
Persimmon Homes Limited
Property Alliance Group Limited
Robert Walters plc
University of Salford
Construction Tier 6
Kuit Steinart Levy LLP is active in various industries, including renewable energy, housing, commercial development and waste management. Team head Charlie Tomlinson is knowledgeable about all of the major standard forms of contract. In addition to undertaking non-contentious (including strategic advisory) work, he is active in construction and infrastructure claims and has significant experience of arbitration, litigation and adjudication.
Emerson Group Limited
Hardwick Homes Limited
Heaton Group Limited
Legend Property Group Limited
Property Alliance Group Limited
Rayner Rowen Construction Limited
Regal Estates Limited
Urban Logistic Hubs Limited
Urban Logistics Limited
Manchester-based law firm Kuit Steinart Levy LLP has a strong contentious tax team, which is led by Robert Levy, and 'consistently demonstrates a strong understanding of how to guide clients through even the most complex of tax disputes'. Areas of focus include HMRC fraud investigations, as well as investigations arising from tax schemes and cases involving tax data theft. The group also handles criminal investigations and prosecutions involving offshore issues. Paul Bricknell specialises in tax advisory and disclosure work, and has expertise in the categorisation of tax offences.
Other key lawyers:
‘The firm is well known in this area with good technical tax knowledge and known for excellent client care.’
‘The Kuits team is uniquely able to provide a wide range of support to clients, as it consists of tax and litigation specialists with vast experience in dealing with tax disputes.’
‘The Kuits team consistently demonstrate a strong understanding of how to guide clients through even the most complex of tax disputes.’
‘Robert Levy is popular, collegiate, technically able, experienced and strategically astute.’
‘Robert Levy and Paul Bricknell look beyond the strict legal analysis of a particular point to identify the key issues faced by the client and the practical solutions to address those concerns.’
Kuit Steinart Levy LLP > Firm Profile
This leading Manchester commercial law firm advises and services businesses, their owners and high-net-worth individuals in the region, nationally and internationally, including SMEs, financial institutions, property investment companies and PLCs. The firm has specialist expertise in the healthcare, leisure, fashion, sport and charities sectors, along with niche expertise in serious tax investigations and family business succession planning.
The firm: Based in Manchester City Centre for 110 years and a UK200-listed law firm, Kuits is securely established as a leading commercial advisor in the region, with a growing national and international reputation. Kuits seek to provide tailored advice to clients through integrated teams with high technical and personal skill levels. The firm’s overall approach is to develop close, long-term relationships with clients to gain a greater understanding of their business and its drivers, focusing on commerciality, collaboration and making connections.
The firm has developed strong international connections through its membership of the TAGLaw International Law Firm Alliance, and is a preferred adviser for a number of UK and overseas banks.
Types of work undertaken: The firm has major teams servicing the following areas:
Corporate: Provides highly-focused commercial advice to businesses and individuals on corporate structures, general corporate affairs, M&A and fundraising, and has developed specialisms in advising on investment and protection structures for family and AIM companies.
Commercial: Provides highly-focused commercial advice to businesses and individuals on corporate structures, general corporate affairs, M&A and fundraising, and has developed specialisms in advising on investment and protection structures for family and AIM companies.
IP: Specialises in complex IP litigation, brand copyright,data protection, competition law,counterfeiting cases patents and reputation management
Commercial property: One of the largest and most experienced teams in Manchester, the firm advises on investment, development, construction, planning, estate management, acquisition structures, and distressed market and debt restructuring, with specialist expertise in funding issues and default situations, and complex banking documentation and negotiations.
Litigation: Has particular expertise in complex professional negligence claims, and high-value disputes. The team also advises on commercial landlord and tenant, shareholder disputes, contentious probate, and restructuring and insolvency.
Employment: Advises senior executives and businesses on all employment issues, including contracts, executive dismissals, confidential information and restrictive covenants, High Court Injunctions, redundancy, tribunal litigation involving whistleblowing and discrimination, unfair dismissal, and employment aspects in company transactions.
Banking: Provides commercial advice and assistance for both investment and development finance, the management of assets over which clients have security, the recovery of monies lent, security reviews, security re-structures (including bespoke facilities and inter-creditor arrangements), and LPA receiver appointments.
Licensing: Advises on all aspects of liquor and entertainment licensing, and is renowned for dealing with contested applications, areas of Cumulative Impact and advising developers on licences in principle.
Private client: The firm’s private offering includes tax and trusts, residential, and family law. The team specialises in complex wills, probate, inheritance tax planning, domicile and residence, Office of the Public Guardian/Court of Protection/Powers of Attorney and serious HMRC investigations. The team advises on the full spectrum of family law, but is particularly known for complex matrimonial matters such as trust arrangements, business and property assets, and public pensions.
|Managing partner||Steve Ecclestonfirstname.lastname@example.org||0161 832 3434|
|Executive partner||Robert Levyemail@example.com||0161 832 3434|
|Corporate and commercial||Rob Buckleyfirstname.lastname@example.org||0161 832 3434|
|Commercial property||Nick Nyuntemail@example.com||0161 832 3434|
|Employment||Kevin McKennafirstname.lastname@example.org||0161 832 3434|
|Tax||Graham Woodemail@example.com||0161 832 3434|
|Banking||George MacMillanfirstname.lastname@example.org||0161 832 3434|
|Licensing||Felicity Tullochemail@example.com||0161 832 3434|
|Intellectual property and Litigation||Bruce Jonesfirstname.lastname@example.org||0161 832 3434|
|Residential property||Anthony Hardyemail@example.com||0161 832 3434|
|Tim Arkwright||Tim is a senior associate in the firm’s commercial property team. Areas…||View Profile|
|Damian Bailey||Damian is a partner who is widely recognised by his colleagues and…||View Profile|
|Sally Bird||Sally joined the firm in 1997 and has been a partner in…||View Profile|
|Caroline Brennan||Caroline is a specialist commercial and non-contentious intellectual property lawyer and partner…||View Profile|
|Paul Bricknell||Paul is a partner and specialises in all aspects of tax and…||View Profile|
|Rob Buckley||Partner and head of department, Rob specialises in all aspects of corporate…||View Profile|
|Wendi Bussin||Wendi is the firm’s specialist regulatory and business crime consultant, with over…||View Profile|
|David Chambers||David is a senior associate in our tax and estate planning team.…||View Profile|
|Lauren Clyne||Lauren is a partner and specialises in tax and estate planning for…||View Profile|
|Sandra Crichton||Sandra is a senior associate in the firm’s corporate team. Areas of…||View Profile|
|Martin Davies||Martin joined Kuits in 1990 and heads the department’s property management team.…||View Profile|
|Colin Davies||Colin is a Senior Lawyer in our family team. Areas of Expertise…||View Profile|
|Steve Eccleston||Managing partner Kuits, Steve began his career in the firm’s commercial property…||View Profile|
|Tony Hardy||Partner and head of the residential property team, Tony joined Kuits in…||View Profile|
|Christopher Hardy||Chris specialises in all aspects of commercial property, including acquisitions, sales, and…||View Profile|
|Claire Heron||Claire has experience of both residential and commercial property work including freehold…||View Profile|
|Adam Hymes||Adam is one of Manchester’s pre-eminent development solicitors. He specialises in residential…||View Profile|
|Rebecca Ingram||Rebecca advises on all aspects of alcohol and entertainment licensing for premises…||View Profile|
|Bruce Jones||Bruce Jones is a partner at Kuits and is one of a…||View Profile|
|Rebecca Jones||Rebecca is a senior associate in the firm’s litigation team. Expertise Rebecca’s…||View Profile|
|Yasmin Kalantari||Yasmin provides advice on intellectual property disputes and works with clients across…||View Profile|
|Peter Kaye||Peter is a senior lawyer in our commercial disputes team. Areas of…||View Profile|
|Alison Kellett||Alison is a Partner in the Banking and Real Estate Finance Team…||View Profile|
|Mr Andrew Knight||Andrew specialises in commercial landlord and tenant, development, and investment sales. Andrew…||View Profile|
|Robert Levy||Executive partner of Kuits, Robert is legal adviser on company and business…||View Profile|
|Stephen Lopeman||Stephen specialises in property acquisitions, disposals and general development work. He has…||View Profile|
|Anthony Lyons||Anthony heads the Kuits licensing department and has considerable experience acting in…||View Profile|
|George MacMillan||George has been in practice for over 25 years and for the…||View Profile|
|Helen Mather||Helen is a senior associate in the firm’s corporate team. Areas of…||View Profile|
|Duncan McGregor||Duncan is a Partner in the Residential Property Team. He specialises in all…||View Profile|
|Mark McKeating||Mark is a partner in the employment team. Areas of Expertise Mark…||View Profile|
|Kevin McKenna||Partner and Head of Employment, Kevin joined Kuits in 2013 from Weightmans.…||View Profile|
|Claire Meyers||Claire is a partner and specialises in contentious intellectual property work. She…||View Profile|
|David Moroney||David is a Partner in the Commercial Property Team. Whilst acting on a…||View Profile|
|Ian Morris||Partner and head of intellectual property for Kuits, Ian specialises in contentious…||View Profile|
|Humna Nadim||Humna has particular expertise in registered and unregistered design cases and experience…||View Profile|
|Emma Nimmo||Emma specialises in the acquisition and disposal of investment properties and has…||View Profile|
|Nick Nyunt||Partner and head of commercial property, Nick specialises in property development (including…||View Profile|
|Meave O’Neill||Meave is a partner in the firm’s banking and real estate finance…||View Profile|
|Richard Palmer||Richard heads the restructuring team that sits within the firm’s litigation team.…||View Profile|
|Kirsti Pinnell||Corporate partner specialising in corporate finance and M&A, investments and joint ventures,…||View Profile|
|Elaine Roche||Elaine has a wealth of experience in working alongside families to structure…||View Profile|
|Charlie Tomlinson||Charlie is a partner and Head of Construction, Engineering and Energy for…||View Profile|
|Felicity Tulloch||Felicity is a partner in the Kuits licensing team and specialises in…||View Profile|
|James Wall||James was promoted to partner 2016 and deals with all aspects of…||View Profile|
|Phillip Warburton||Phillip is a commercial dispute resolution lawyer with experience of dealing with…||View Profile|
|Jan Winstanley||Jan specialises in a wide range of corporate matters including company and…||View Profile|
|Graham Wood||Partner and Head of the Tax and Estate Planning Team, Graham specialises…||View Profile|
Staff FiguresNumber of UK partners : 32 Number of other UK fee-earners : 76
CLIENT: Adam Binks, Chief Operating Officer
TESTIMONIAL: I can’t praise the corporate team at Kuits highly enough for their hard work, diligence and commitment when working with them. Their commercial support on a complex and highly significant transaction was invaluable coupled with their in-depth knowledge and experience, meant tough obstacles we faced were overcome with minimal concern. They continuously went above and beyond what could be reasonably expected and despite consistent pressures, showed the upmost professionalism in seeing the deal through to completion.
CLIENT: Dave Statham, Managing Director
COMPANY/FIRM: Finlay Group
TESTIMONIAL: The corporate team at Kuits made one of the most difficult projects I could imagine progress smoothly, taking most of the strain and worry out of the deal whilst professionally guiding a board of directors to an excellent conclusion.
CLIENT: Kelly White, CEO
COMPANY/FIRM: Red Cow Media
TESTIMONIAL: We have worked with Kuits in a commercial capacity for a number of years now and have found them to be an integral part of our business. Always forward-thinking in their approach, they’re at least five steps ahead of where we need them to be, and take a proactive approach to advice that has been invaluable to our growth.
CLIENT: Calvin Evans, Co-founder
TESTIMONIAL: Kuits facilitated the acquisition of our business and were supportive and knowledgeable throughout the engagement and were able to really preserve the ‘human element’ of the deal, whilst executing the legal side with deft efficiency. I would highly recommend them and we look forward to working with them again in the future.
CLIENT: David Gabbie, Director
COMPANY/FIRM: Beauty Bay
TESTIMONIAL: Kuits has been a key adviser as our business has grown. We’ve always found them to be highly commercial and innovative.
CLIENT: Michael Calvert, Co-founder
COMPANY/FIRM: Progress Group
TESTIMONIAL: The team’s dedication and professionalism never wavered throughout the transaction. The final few weeks approaching the closure of the sale were a testing time for all, as things were starting to draw out. Without Kuits’ commitment, the deal may never have completed.
CLIENT: Jon Hall APFS, Chartered Financial Planner
COMPANY/FIRM: Sterling Partners
TESTIMONIAL: Kuits helped me in resolving a contract dispute with my previous employer and, from the first discussion, immediately put my mind at rest. Kevin McKenna quickly understood my situation and explained everything clearly, outlining the course of action to take, when it would be done and the possible outcomes. I have been very impressed with the timely fashion in which everything has been carried out.
CLIENT: Naser Fouad, Chairman & CEO
COMPANY/FIRM: St George Healthcare Group
TESTIMONIAL: As this deal enabled us to reinvest in our portfolio, while funding the development of a new specialist hospital, it was of great importance to us. Kuits’ corporate team understood this and worked closely with us to provide trusted commercial advice throughout. We would definitely recommend their services.
CLIENT: Martin Quigley
COMPANY/FIRM: Design Pro Software
TESTIMONIAL: I’m beyond happy with how Kuits helped me on the sale of my business and with what I regard as having been an incredibly difficult process. Everyone has been utterly exemplary. To be honest, you all made it look effortless.
CLIENT: Coronation Street
TESTIMONIAL: Kuits has been advising us on a number of Coronation Street storylines to ensure they are legally accurate and stay as true to life as possible. We are very grateful for their assistance and have always found them to be accessible, friendly and open.
CLIENT: Dave Atkins, Director
COMPANY/FIRM: Orchard Care Homes
TESTIMONIAL: As always, Kuits delivered a fantastic and professional service during a recent commercial property purchase and re-mortgage. The best attributes for me are the swift replies and chasing up of outstanding matters, so I can always be sure of an efficient service. I would not hesitate to recommend Kuits and will be using them again.
CLIENT: Mary Kan-Hai, Group HR Manager
COMPANY/FIRM: The Emerson Group
TESTIMONIAL: I feel confident that out managers will now be much better equipped to manage employee issues and spot risks more effectively as a result of the training. I can already see the results in some a month after the training.
CLIENT: Bernadette Neale
COMPANY/FIRM: Care sector business owner
TESTIMONIAL: I was impressed with the professional way Kuits handled the sale of our two businesses. Their legal expertise and professionalism went above and beyond our expectations, and we were guided throughout the transaction from start to finish. The team working with us were extremely accessible and communicative, and we would have no hesitation in recommending Kuits to others.