The Legal 500

Twitter Logo Youtube Circle Icon LinkedIn Icon

Geldards LLP

Work 0115 983 3650
Fax 0115 983 3761
Cardiff, Derby, Ilkeston, London, Nottingham

East Midlands: Corporate and commercial

Corporate and commercial: Nottingham and Derby
Corporate and commercial: Nottingham and Derby - ranked: tier 1

Geldards LLP

Equally strong in transactional and commercial contracts matters, Geldards LLP has a sizeable following of domestic and international clients. Team head Debra Martin covers the full spectrum of corporate transactions, and her previous experience of working as a senior in-house counsel at 3i makes her well-placed to advise on private equity deals. Another practitioner with significant corporate finance experience is Peter Seary, who has acted for clients in sectors such as food and drink, pharmacy and manufacturing. Paul Feenan and Jenny Chatten are also recommended. Michelle Craven-Faulkner, who heads up the firm's commercial group, has formerly served as senior in-house counsel at Alstom Transport, and has overseen the growth of the firm's work in the rail sector; clients in this space include rail consultants, prime contractors and OEMs. Elsewhere, the practice marks an uptick in work from IT sector clients. In addition, the firm is particularly well-known for its work in the tennis and football industries, and is also active in other sports; Jamie Goldberg spearheads the sports department.

Practice head(s):Debra Martin; Michelle Craven-Faulkner

Other key lawyers:Peter Seary; Paul Feenan; Jenny Chatten; Jamie Goldberg


'Jamie Goldberg was always prompt with his replies and took time to explain the process'

'Peter Seary delivers what I want. A pragmatic, cost-effective, sensible solution on M&A'

'Geldards is a very efficient firm, and inspires confidence at all times'

Key Clients

ACTA* Holding BV / Kiwa Holdings (UK) Limited

Altius VA Limited

British Business Bank

Camfaud Group Limited

Celebrity Motion Furniture Limited

Concrete Network Limited

Derby County Football Club

Development Bank of Wales PLC

EMB-Group Limited

Event Hosts Limited

Grand Bazaar Group Limited

Hall, David Alan & Elizabeth Mary

Horizon Industries International Limited

Independence Products Limited

Infra Safety Services Labour Limited

Litho Supplies (UK) Limited

Masterdor Limited

Mel Morris

Paul Cummins Ceramics Limited

Pendragon Plc

SALCS Installations Limited

Sefton Metropolitan Borough Council (NWLC)

Sherwood Packaging Limited

Sperry Rail (International) Limited

Stadler Rail Management AG

Stadler Rail Services UK Limited

The Irongate Group Limited

Userbrain Limited

Van Oord Offshore Wind UK Limited

VF Services UK Limited / VFS Global Services Plc

Warrington Borough Council

Wrekin Products Limited

XCAM Limited

Xylem Water Solutions UK Limited

Work highlights

  • Advised the client on the UK aspects of its acquisition of the business and certain assets of MPI Offshore (a specialist offshore wind contractor) from Vroon Group.
  • Acted for Kiwa on its acquisition of Alchem Industries Limited.
  • Advised the shareholders on the sale of their shares in the company.
  • Advised client on the purchase of 3 Vauxhall dealerships in Stockton, Darlington and Stockton on Tees from Sherwoods (Darlington) Limited.
  • Advised this US-based client on its acquisition of a significant stake in Evron Foods Limited.

[back to top]

East Midlands: Dispute resolution

Commercial litigation: Nottingham and Derby
Commercial litigation: Nottingham and Derby - ranked: tier 1

Geldards LLP

Geldards LLP is well-known as a powerhouse in the automotive sector, where it has a 20-year track record advising car manufacturers and resellers on complex disputes; Jonathan Butler and senior associate Andrea Clayton are names to note in this space. Its recent work included the VW Emissions group litigation and the landmark decision by the Advertising Standards Agency in the case of Glyn Hopkin and Fiat Chrysler. The firm also has an equally standout reputation in the sports industry; one of its key clients is Derby County Football Club, and it is highly active in matters connected with tennis. In addition, the firm expanded its offering into equestrianism by hiring equine law expert Rebecca Stojak from Shakespeare Martineau LLP. The team, which is led by Nino Simone, also handles challenging mandates involving other industries; recent matters involved areas such as construction, IT and education.

Practice head(s):Nino Simone

Other key lawyers:Jonathan Butler; Andrea Clayton; Rebecca Stojak


'Very practical approach with a variety of options presented for a particular matter. The fees are also very competitive'

'I have the confidence that once an instruction is given it will be dealt with with updates provided as necessary. Andrea Clayton has been outstanding in this respect'

Key Clients

Office Depot

Vision Express

Pendragon Plc

PSA Peugeot Citroen

Pentagon Vauxhall

Parkway Volkswagen

Litho Supplies (UK) Limited

finnCap Limited


Paragon Interiors Group Plc

Work highlights

  • Advised client on £7m claim in the High Court against former Chief Executive Sam Rush for breach of contract and fiduciary duty in relation to agent and player remuneration.
  • Defended client at the High Court against allegations by optometrists at stores in Southport, Llandudno and Macclesfield that inaccurate performance data had misled them into entering into joint ventures with Vision Express and to personally guaranteeing their performance.
  • Represented client in an appeal arising from a prosecution by by Middlesbrough Council for non-disclosure of material information in connection with the prior business status of a used car
  • Acted for client in a claim against Netgovern Inc over non-payment of invoices in respect of data feed sales, pursuant to a reseller agreement.
  • Represented client in a claim in the High Court for damages for non-payment of energy consumption at commercial premises.
Leading individuals

Jonathan Butler - Geldards LLP

[back to top]

East Midlands: Finance

Banking and finance
Banking and finance - ranked: tier 2

Geldards LLP

Geldards LLP's practice is increasing its share of work from traditional and challenger banks, as well as corporate and individual borrowers. Jenny Chatten and David Watson have a strong track record handling banking law issues for UK public sector entities, while the practice is increasingly sought-out by companies in the manufacturing sector. In addition, the firm also generates work from Germany-based clients, and provides English law support to German law firms.

Practice head(s):Jenny Chatten; David Watson


'The team has a commercial approach and is proactive in its advice'

Key Clients

AIB Group (UK) Plc

Lloyds Bank Plc

Santander UK Plc

HSBC Bank Plc and HSBC Invoice Finance (UK) Limited

Biocity Group Limited

Leumi ABL Ltd

National Westminster Bank Plc

Hillarys Finance (UK) Limited

Net-m Privatbank 1891 AG

The Royal Bank of Scotland Plc

Work highlights

  • Advised AIB Group (UK) Plc on the negotiation of a facility agreement to be entered into by Complete Engineering Holdings Limited for the refinancing of a property backed loan.
  • Advised Pentaxia Ltd on entering into a loan facility and grant funding provided by Derby City Council via its Derby Enterprise Growth Fund.
  • Acted for Santander on a refinance and review of its banking arrangements with EOTH Limited.
  • Advised Arrma Durrango on the implications to the English companies in the Hobbico Group on their banking arrangements with the group’s US lenders and negotiating and drafting relevant English law documents to secure US funding.
  • Advised Santander on the variation of the facility and security for Fort Halstead and Marlborough Estates – both Isle of Man entities of a Protected Cell Company - to allow for a change in the property investment portfolio.

[back to top]

Insolvency and corporate recovery
Insolvency and corporate recovery - ranked: tier 3

Geldards LLP

Geldards LLP's newly promoted senior associate Ruth Thurland works closely with dispute resolution head Nino Simone and experienced corporate partner Jenny Chatten to support clients in all types of corporate and personal insolvency matters. The firm's diverse workload includes director disqualification proceedings, receiverships, CVAs and property-related insolvency work. The firm is increasingly handling cross-border insolvency work, particularly in the area of forum shopping, and is frequently sought-out by German banks and other creditors (as well as other overseas jurisdictions). On the domestic front, mandates from local authorities and other public bodies are another key workstream.

Practice head(s):Nino Simone

Other key lawyers:Ruth Thurland; Jenny Chatten


'Ruth Thurland has excellent knowledge and is practical in her approach; she is an absolute pleasure to deal with'

'Geldards is focused on providing a great client experience'

'Ruth Thurland represents all of the Geldards values, in terms of the quality of the support she provides and her know-how. She raises and answers the questions I did not think of'

Key Clients

PKF Cooper Parry

Smith Cooper

Blades Insolvency Services

Bridgewood Financial Solutions

Dains LLP

FRP Advisory LLP

CFS Restructuring LLP

Derby City Council

ReSolve Partners Limited

RSM Restructuring Advisory LLP

Work highlights

  • Advised the directors of the UK subsidiary of a US group of companies on Chapter 11 bankruptcy, particularly in relation to their options for dealing with the company and its assets.
  • Acted for a German company on the purchase out of administration of the assets of a UK retailer of electric motors.
  • Advised the administrators of a company specialising in the sale of electric motors on its appointment by the court, including applying to the court for the administrators’ release.
  • Advising a German bank on the enforcement of its security over property in Germany owned by a German national who has declared bankruptcy in England.
  • Advising the liquidators of a drinks manufacturer on the apparent transfer of the company’s intellectual property at a substantial undervalue.

[back to top]

East Midlands: Human resources

Employment - ranked: tier 3

Geldards LLP

Geldards LLP‚Äôs practice ‚Äėcombines the highest level of professional knowledge with friendly client communication‚Äô. Its team has vast experience of the employment tribunal and, on the non-contentious side, handles a wide range of non-contentious matters, such as exit packages, redundancy processes and TUPE. The education, transport, motoring, manufacturing, construction, technology and life sciences industries are all areas of expertise for the team. It also represents various religious organisations and public sector clients. Rhys Wyborn, who¬†is ‚Äėvery knowledgeable and highly skilled‚Äô, jointly leads the group with Stephen Jenkins.

Practice head(s):Rhys Wyborn and Stephen Jenkins

Other key lawyers:Rachel Mills


'Rhys Wyborn is very strong in providing advice and assistance in this way and in providing solutions for the long term benefit of the client's business'.

'The level of his professional knowledge in all areas of employment law and litigation is absolutely outstanding'.

'They effortlessly ensure that you receive a very high level of care, service and professionalism from all levels'.

'The attention to the needs of the client and the effort put into the delivering the service is absolutely outstanding'.

'Rhys Wyborn is very professional and skilled at what he does. He also has a caring, considerate, supportive and conscientious approach and handles sensitive situations and issues very well'.

Key Clients

M J Birtwistle Ltd

Healthwatch Derby Ltd

Brinsley Parish Council

Van Oord Offshore Wind UK Ltd

Nottingham Trent University

University of Leicester

Kiwa Limited

Derby County Football Club

HAE Group Limited

Picsolve International Limited

V F Services UK Limited

Red Box Recorders Limited

ISS Labour Limited

Fathomtree Limited

League Against Cruel Sports

Camfaud Concrete Pumps Limited

Fermac Traffic Solutions Limited

Motion Picture Solutions Limited

Natilik Limited

BPR Medical Ltd

North Midland Construction Plc (nmcn)

Work highlights

  • Advised Van Oord Offshore Wind UK Ltd on asset acquisition and TUPE transfer of numerous staff.
  • Assisted Derby County Football Club with the renewal of Gary Rowett’s employment terms in January 2018, and then the subsequent departure of Gary Rowett and his back room team to Stoke City Football Club.
  • Acted for Derby County Football Club on the recruitment of Frank Lampard as its new First Team Manager, and related terms and conditions.
  • Acted for League Against Cruel Sports in Employment Tribunal case, which dealt with “ethical veganism” as an alleged philosophical belief.
Next Generation Partners

Rhys Whyborn - Geldards LLP

[back to top]

East Midlands: Private client

Family - ranked: tier 2

Geldards LLP

Geldards LLP has ‚Äėa strong presence in the Derby market, offering coverage of all aspects of family law‚Äô. Medium to high-net-worth financial remedy cases are the team‚Äôs speciality, particularly those involving trusts, businesses, farming assets, inherited or family-controlled assets, pre-nuptial deeds and same sex marriage or civil partnership breakdowns. Fiona Apthorpe is ‚Äėan excellent head of department‚Äô. The group also includes Ben Lawson, who has specialist knowledge of TOLATA matters. Recently promoted partner¬†Claire Dean¬†¬†is experienced¬†in family cases involving domestic abuse issues.

Practice head(s):Fiona Apthorpe;

Other key lawyers:Claire Dean; Ben Lawson;


'The team at Geldards specialises in high net worth divorce cases including complex issues such as family trusts and issues surrounding agricultural divorces'.

'The team is a leading firm in the East Midlands, with it having an excellent reputation across Nottingham, Derby and beyond'.

'The team at Geldards is always available to speak with directly and has an in-depth knowledge of every case it deals with'.

'Fiona Apthorpe is the go-to person for family law matters within the region'.

'Claire Dean is able to support Fiona Apthorpe and brings a can do attitude to clients. Claire is not afraid to give proactive advice and will not settle for anything less than a good outcome for her clients'.

'Fiona Apthorpe is an excellent practitioner with years of experience ,she handles clients expectations and manages matters with confidence and care'.

Leading individuals

Fiona Apthorpe - Geldards LLP

Rising stars

Ben Lawson - Geldards LLP

[back to top]

Personal tax, trusts and probate
Personal tax, trusts and probate - ranked: tier 1

Geldards LLP

The ‚Äėvery professional‚Äô team at Geldards LLP, which 'thinks outside of the box‚Äô, advises entrepreneurs who have amassed their own wealth on legacy planning and wealth preservation. Accountants, professional tax advisers and financial advisers are also among the firm's clients. Erica Thomson, who¬†is an expert in wealth preservation and tax planning, jointly leads the practice alongside Jaclyn Barnes. Barnes specialises¬†in trust creation, the administration of complex probates and lifetime tax and estate planning.

Practice head(s):Erica Thomson; Jaclyn Barnes;


'Erica Thomson is very approachable, on your side and quick to respond to queries'.

'Erica Thomson is extremely professional, personable, competent and knowledgeable'.

Work highlights

  • Represented the client in the administration of an estate of £4m assets in five jurisdictions.
  • Represented the client in the administration of her late father’s £4m estate; the father was non-resident and the majority of the assets were located in Switzerland.
  • Representing the trustees in the administration of two trusts totalling £8m.
  • Represented the client in establishing a family investment company.
  • Advising client with business assets on estate planning and business succession and protecting family wealth for next generation.

[back to top]

East Midlands: Public sector

Education - ranked: tier 3

Geldards LLP

Geldards LLP specialises in advising primary and secondary schools, multi-academy trusts and Church of England schools on academy conversions. Additional bedrocks of the practice include advising Church School Trusts on property and governance issues, as well as rebrokerage matters. In addition, the firm is increasingly active in HR support mandates. Michelle Craven-Faulkner heads up the department.

Practice head(s):Michelle Craven-Faulkner;

Key Clients

University of Leicester

Nottingham College

Nottinghamshire County Council

Work highlights

  • Acting for Nottingham College on the acquisition and development of its new Skills Hub, and also its disposal of the existing Maid Marian Way facility.
  • Acting for a large multi-academy trust on academy conversions and general HR matters.
  • Act for a school in all HR related matters, which includes dealing with a lengthy grievance involving several allegations against staff members and negotiating, drafting Settlement Agreement.
  • Advising a Multi-Academy Trust with a religious affiliation on its academy conversions.
  • Advising religious educational charity on significant property development and incorporation.

[back to top]

Local government
Local government - ranked: tier 2

Geldards LLP

Geldards LLP's team, which is jointly led by Tiffany Cloynes and Paul Hilsdon, is knowledgeable about a wide range of matters, such as state aid, public procurement, employment, planning and highways. Its recent work has included town centre regeneration schemes, housing developments and other major projects involving the public-private sector. The client base comprises of local and regulatory authorities, as well as central government.

Practice head(s):Tiffany Cloynes; Paul Hilsdon;


'Locally based (but with national coverage), the firm is well connected, with individuals providing high quality specialist skills'.

'Paul Hilsdon has strong commercial awareness and is able to simplify complex issues'.

'The team is very approachable and works well together across a wide range of specialisms in order to support the client on complex regeneration and development projects'.

'The individuals within the Geldards' team are well practised and knowledgeable within their specialisms; project leads (especially Tiffany Cloynes) bring the team together in a coherent and concise manner'.

Key Clients

Bolton Council

Bristol City Council

Carlisle City Council

Charnwood Borough Council

Derby City Council

Derbyshire County Council

Leicester City Council

Liverpool City Combined Authority

Nottinghamshire County Council

Sheffield City Council

South Derbyshire District Council

Staffordshire Moorlands District Council

Walsall Council

Warrington Borough Council

Wellingborough Borough Council

Work highlights

  • Advising Derby City Council as part of its strategic plans for the redevelopment of Becketwell in the City Centre.
  • Advising Warrington Borough Council on the acquisition of two solar farms in Hull and York and all the commercial and power distribution agreements.
  • Acting for Carlisle City Council on the development of a new retail park at Gateway 44 in Carlisle.
  • Acting for the Liverpool City Region Combined Authority in relation to a funding agreement.
  • Advising Leicester City Council on the first phase of its Waterside Regeneration Scheme.

[back to top]

East Midlands: Real estate

Commercial property: Nottingham and Derby
Commercial property: Nottingham and Derby - ranked: tier 1

Geldards LLP

A distinguishing feature of Geldards LLP's offering is its specialist 'networks team', which comprises more than 40 lawyers handling property work for clients in the gas and electricity distribution sectors; Jamie Gordon, who heads up this arm of the commercial property practice, has significant experience of pre-lets and regeneration schemes, among other matters. Elsewhere, the firm has made an increased push for work from public sector clients; Tiffany Cloynes leads a specialist team, which advises local authorities on matters such as disposals of surplus land and joint ventures with developers. In the education sector, Paul Hilsdon and others act for academy sponsors and schools. Evidencing the firm's credentials in the retail industry, it is one of only three English law firms on the property panel of Walgreens Boots Alliance. Other sector strengths include healthcare, motor retail, agriculture and charities. Derby team head Graham Banks and Heather Dixon have an outstanding reputation in residential and commercial development projects. David Watson leads the commercial property group in Nottingham. Hélène Maillet-Vioud joined in 2018 from Knights PLC.

Practice head(s):Graham Banks (Derby); David Watson (Nottingham); Jamie Gordon (Nottingham - Networks)

Other key lawyers:Tiffany Cloynes; Paul Hilsdon; Heather Dixon; David Watson


'A dedicated team with a total focus on the client's requirements. I've never had cause to suspect any hint of a let-up in the push to improve results. Easy and rapid access to specialists'

'Jamie Gordon provides both professional advice and unstinting support with the client's wider requirements, such as attending stakeholder events and ensuring the provision of management information for internal reporting; all members of Jamie's team are focused on delivery to ensure optimum outcomes and maximum output. Excellent service'

'There is a clear and distinct high level of professionalism at Geldards. Communication is exceptional and the team is a real pleasure to work with'

'Fair knowledge of the energy industry'

'The Competitions in Connections team provides valuable support and service to our group companies. It has an understanding of our industry which is essential when procuring land rights'

'Heather Dixon in Derby is every bit the equal of property lawyers from London and Birmingham; she is very, very hardworking, resourceful and a dream to work with'

Key Clients

Bowmer & Kirkland

Walgreens Boots Alliance

CWC Group – (Clowes Developments (UK) Limited and Dove Valley Park Limited)

Miller Birch/Cedar House

PPH1 Ltd and DPK Management

BioCity Group Limited

Nottingham College

Stadler Rail Service UK Limited

Derby City Council

Leicester City Council

Sheffield City Council

Nottinghamshire County Council

Office Depot Group

Electricity North West

Western Power Distribution

Omya UK Limited

Wacker Neuson Limited

Redrow Homes Limited

Wise Living Homes

Trent Barton Buses

Connections Legal Management

UK Power Networks

UK Power Distribution

Harlaxton Energy Services

Energy Assets Networks

Easement Solutions

ESP Electricity

E.S. Pipelines

Wellingborough Borough Council

Synergy Health Managed Services Limited

Carlisle City Council

Work highlights

  • Ongoing advice on the development of Fairham Pastures, Rushcliffe for the delivery of up to 3,000 new homes and 100,000 square metres of employment land for light industrial, distribution and offices.
  • Ongoing advice to Leicester City Council on the first phase of its Waterside Regeneration Scheme; a project of very significant local and regional importance, which anticipates the rejuvenation of some 60 acres of former industrial land adjacent to the city centre, with the council bringing forward a residential scheme with retail, commercial and leisure components.
  • Acted on behalf of BioCity Group on the acquisition and development of the 'Discovery Building', a new bioscience incubator facility which has been constructed adjacent to BioCity’s existing facility at Pennyfoot Street, Nottingham.
  • Obtained clarification from the Land Registry on what constitutes 'valuable consideration' to protect networks industry operators.
  • Advising Sheffield City Council on its development agreement with Urban Splash relating to Park Hill Sheffield, the largest listed building in Europe.
Leading individuals

David Watson - Geldards LLP

[back to top]

Construction - ranked: tier 3

Geldards LLP

Geldards LLP acts for a number of the largest developers and contractors in projects across the East Midlands, and also generates work from retail, motor retail and education sector clients. It also has significant involvement in large-scale regeneration projects in the region, where it advises public sector bodies. Elsewhere, the practice has experienced a notable uptick in mandates connected with private rented sector developments and commercial warehouse and distribution centre developments. Chris Hawrylak, who made partner in 2018, leads the team.

Practice head(s):Chris Hawrylak


'Heather Dixon and Chris Hawrylak are easy to work with, thorough and diligent'

Key Clients

Lloyds Bank Plc


Julian Hodge Bank


Principality Building Society

Welsh Government

Development Bank of Wales

Arts Council of Wales

Kingdom Bank


RBS (Natwest)

The Cooperative Bank


East Midlands LawShare

North West Legal Consortium

West Yorkshire Law Framework

National Procurement Service

Wales European Funding Office

Boots Walgreen Alliance

Western Power Distribution

Electricity North West

Wales Audit Office

UK Power Networks

Energy Assets Network

ESP Electricity

Bowmer and Kirkland

ES Pipelines

Harlaxton Energy Networks

UK Power Distribution

Work highlights

  • Advising regional developer Clowes Developments to meet expansion plans for Walgreens Boots Alliance member, Alloga UK, with a new 249,500 sq ft warehouse unit, and the subsequent sale of investment.
  • Advising Nottingham College on the construction of its £58m landmark college development 'City Hub' which will cater for up to 4,000 students in Nottingham City Centre.
  • Advising Nottingham City Council on the £30m redevelopment of Nottingham Castle.
  • Advising project manager client Nottingham Regeneration on its appointment on the Boots Enterprise Zone - a £100m regeneration of a 40-hectare site in Nottingham to create a centre of health, wellbeing and beauty.
  • Advising Sheffield City Council on the redevelopment of Europe’s largest listed building: Park Hill, Sheffield.

[back to top]

Property litigation
Property litigation - ranked: tier 2

Geldards LLP

Geldards LLP's clients turn to Mark Hacking for assistance with real estate litigation. Hacking, who is also an experienced mediator, handles the gamut of contentious property issues for businesses and private individuals. His areas of expertise include landlord and tenant disputes, and property management matters, with particular experience of those involving the retail, utilities and automotive sectors.

Practice head(s):Mark Hacking

[back to top]

East Midlands: TMT (technology, media and telecoms)

Sport - ranked: tier 1

Geldards LLP

Geldards LLP's team is particularly knowledgeable about the tennis and football industries, but it assist clients across all forms of sport on a range of sponsorship, endorsement and licensing matters. Led by Jamie Goldberg, the group advises several high-profile tennis players on their commercial activities and agreements. In the football space, it undertakes employment matters, high-value disputes, corporate reorganisations and commercial contracts. It is also knowledgeable about FA and EFL regulations.

Practice head(s):Jamie Goldberg;

Key Clients

Derby County Football Club

Edward Smith

Dukes Meadows Tennis Centre

Work highlights

  • Acted for Derby County Football Club in its High Court claim involving former Chief Executive, Sam Rush.  
  • Advised Edward Smith on his appointment by the England and Wales Cricket Board as Head National Selector for the England Cricket Team.
  • Acting on The Lawn Tennis Association’s appointment of Dukes Meadows as a Regional Player Development Centre.
  • The employment of Frank Lampard as First Team Manager and related commercial agreements along with the terms of employment of Gary Rowett and subsequent termination thereof.
Leading individuals

Jamie Goldberg - Geldards LLP

[back to top]

Legal Developments in the UK

Legal Developments and updates from the leading lawyers in each jurisdiction. To contribute, send an email request to
  • Court of Justice rules on source of income for Derivative Residence applications

    On 2 October 2019, the Court of Justice delivered its judgment in Bajratari v Secretary of State for the Home Department (Directive 2004/38/EC) Case C-93/18 which concerns Chen applications and the source of funds for self-sufficiency. 
  • End of the ‚Äėcentre of life test‚Äô in Surinder Singh cases?

    In the recent case of¬† ZA (Reg 9. EEA Regs; abuse of rights) Afghanistan ¬† [2019] UKUT 281 (IAC ), the Upper Tribunal found that there is no basis in EU law for the centre of life test, as set out in Regulation 9(3)(a) of the Immigration (European Economic Area) Regulations 2016 (the ‚ÄúRegulations‚ÄĚ). It further found that it is not to be applied when Judges assess ¬†Surinder Singh ¬†cases that appear before them.
  • Terms of employment as a sole representative

    In this article we examine the working arrangements of sole representatives, looking at the terms and conditions of employment that the Home Office will expect a sole representative to have in order to qualify as a representative of an overseas business.  
  • Can Sole Representatives Be Shareholders?

    The Immigration Rules require that an applicant for a¬† sole representative visa ¬†is not ‚Äúa¬† majority shareholder in the overseas business‚ÄĚ.
  • Immigration Skills Charge - A Guide for Employers

    As a Sponsor, you may be required to pay the Immigration Skills Charge (ISC) each time you sponsor a migrant in the  Tier 2 General  or  Intra-Company Transfer (ICT) Long-term Staff  subcategory.
  • 5 FAQS about paragraph 320(11)

    In applications for entry clearance where the applicant has a negative immigration history in the UK, the application may be refused under the general grounds for refusal, which are found in part 9 of the Immigration Rules. Where an applicant has ¬†‚Äėpreviously contrived in a significant way to frustrate the intentions of the Immigration Rules‚Äô,¬† the application could be refused under paragraph 320(11). In this post we look at five frequently asked questions about paragraph 320(11).¬†
  • Multiple nationality and multiple citizenship (including dual nationality and dual citizenship)

    British nationality law permits multiple nationality and multiple citizenship, including dual nationality and dual citizenship.
  • Applying for Indefinite Leave to Remain in the Exceptional Talent or Promise Category

    The  Exceptional Talent  and Exceptional Promise categories are for individuals who are recognised leaders or emerging leaders in their field of expertise. There are a number of endorsing bodies for lots of different fields of work, including  artists and musicians ,  architects ,  digital experts ,  scientists  and  academics . While there isn’t an endorsing body for every expert, the growing list means that many individuals could enjoy the flexibility that this category has to offer. 

    Syedur Rahmanconsiders the factors that determine when civil proceedings can go ahead before,or at the same time as, criminal proceedings relating to the same circumstances.
  • Rights of appeal after the Immigration Act 2014

    The Immigration Act 2014 (‚Äúthe 2014 Act‚ÄĚ) reduced the circumstances in which the refusal of an immigration application will give rise to a right of appeal.¬†The¬† explanatory notes ¬†to the 2014 Act state that the Act was intended to restructure rights of appeal to the Immigration Tribunal. Previously, a right of appeal to the Immigration Tribunal existed against any of the 14 different immigration decisions listed in s.82 of the¬† Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002 ¬†(‚Äúthe 2002 Act‚ÄĚ). As explained below, whether or not the refusal of an immigration application currently generates a right of appeal depends on the subject matter of the application rather than its categorisation.