Xennia Forno > Rubio Leguía Normand > Lima, Peru > Lawyer Profile

Rubio Leguía Normand
Xennia Forno photo

Work Department


Xennia is a Partner and head of the Natural Resources: Mining and Environment Practice Areas, specializing in the advisory to both national and foreign companies and public agencies on regulation and contracts.


She has significant experience in the mining area, she takes part in the planning and procurement of permits throughout all stages involved in a mining project and in the implementation thereof in the process of exploration, exploitation-beneficiation and closure of mines.

In the commercial and contractual area, Xennia has a great deal of experience in negotiations for the acquisition of mining projects and/or companies; due diligence, financing; designing of simple and complex contractual structures, as well as contracts in relation to similar works, including negotiations with peasant communities for use of lands and others and assistance in litigations.

In the environmental area, she provides advice on the preparation of Environmental Studies; on the process of construction and production of industrial activities; and on procedures for supervision, inspection and sanctions.


Spanish, English


  • Lima Bar Association.
  • National Institute of Mining, Oil and Energy Law.
  • Rocky Mountain Mineral Law Foundation.
  • Prospectors and Developers Association of Canada – PDAC.
  • International Bar Association – Mining Committee.


  • Attorney at Law, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, 1979

Lawyer Rankings

Peru > Energy and natural resources > Mining

(Leading individuals)

Xennia FornoRubio Leguía Normand

Rubio Leguía Normand is ‘very strong and diversified in the mining sector’ and offers ‘considerable experience in helping international exploration companies navigate the legal system’; indeed, the team handles the full life cycle of mining projects, from prospecting to development and operation, and has particular experience in permitting, environmental, financing and corporate matters. The group is led by a strong, senior team consisting of mining specialist Xennia Forno who brings over 40 years’ experience and a focus on planning and procurement to the practice; Diego Grisolle, who handles regulatory and commercial matters in relation to all the extractive industries, and Emil Ruppert, who is less active on current matters but equally experienced. Key younger practitioners include Miguel Angel Soto, who was promoted to partner in December 2021 and is recommended for acquisitions and divestments, and compliance and regulatory matters. Senior associate Nancy Ogata is also deeply experienced in international transactional matters in the sector.

Peru > Environment

Providng ‘great knowledge and management of environmental issues’, Rubio Leguía Normand caters to clients in the manufacturing, energy and natural resources sectors. On the transactional side, the firm handles the environmental aspects of M&A and project financing; and on the regulatory side, it deals with permitting and licensing, and compliance matters. Other, more niche, areas of focus include commercial and legal support regarding Clean Development Mechanisms (CDM) and offset projects, and carbon finance structuring. Xennia Forno and Diego Grisolle co-head the group, with Forno acting for national and foreign companies and public agencies, primarily in relation to the mining sector; with Grisolle also specialising in mining, along with environmental, commercial and compliance law. Promoted to partner in December 2021, Miguel Angel Soto provides additional depth across mining and environmental matters and has particular experience advising clients in the energy sector: as does experienced senior associate Nancy Ogata.