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Editorial

Overview

Who Represents Who

Find out which law firms are representing which Overview clients in United States using The Legal 500's new comprehensive database of law firm/client relationships. Instantly search over 925,000 relationships, including over 83,000 Fortune 500, 46,000 FTSE350 and 13,000 DAX 30 relationships globally. Access is free for in-house lawyers, and by subscription for law firms. For more information, contact david.burgess@legal500.com.

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Global cartel enforcement activity was steady in 2016, with a growing number of countries criminalizing cartel conduct and investigations becoming increasingly global in their scope. In the US, although the Antitrust Division of the Department of Justice (DOJ) is still carrying out its long-running investigation into automotive parts, there is now a sense in the legal market that the agency’s focus on this area is beginning to wind down. The DOJ has dedicated considerable resources to this area, which represents the largest-ever antitrust investigation in its history. In 2016, however, there was an increased focus on other areas, such as financial benchmark manipulation, generic drug price-fixing and alleged collusion among competitors in other sectors, such as packaged seafood and capacitors. The DOJ also announced that it was investigating ‘no-poaching’ and wage-fixing agreements. In addition, as made clear by the Yates memorandum, there has been a renewed focus on individuals’ misconduct in the context of corporate investigations.

Criminal investigations also invariably lead to associated civil follow-on actions. Complementing this trend, there are also indications that civil antitrust lawsuits are increasingly being filed against parties suspected of conspiring to commit the most serious anti-competitive practices, even where no government investigation has been initiated.

Elsewhere in the antitrust arena in 2016, in what was the final full year of the Obama administration, the DOJ and Federal Trade Commission became increasingly aggressive at enforcing antitrust rules and resisting what they deemed to be potentially anti-competitive industry-consolidating mega-deals. This led to proposed transactions being challenged, and either blocked outright or else abandoned by the parties involved. The health insurance industry is one area that has been in the regulatory crosshairs recently; two prospective deals, namely Anthem/Cigna and Aetna/Humana, were challenged. Outside of this space, other high-profile mega-deals that failed to complete included Staples/Office Depot (blocked by a federal judge) and Baker Hughes/Halliburton (abandoned by the parties due to US and EU regulators’ objections).

Notwithstanding all of the above, it remains to be seen the extent to which changes in the US political landscape will have an impact on antitrust enforcement in 2017 and beyond.


Cartel

Index of tables

  1. Cartel
  2. Leading lawyers
  3. Next generation lawyers

Leading lawyers

  1. 1

Next generation lawyers

  1. 1

Who Represents Who

Find out which law firms are representing which Cartel clients in United States using The Legal 500's new comprehensive database of law firm/client relationships. Instantly search over 925,000 relationships, including over 83,000 Fortune 500, 46,000 FTSE350 and 13,000 DAX 30 relationships globally. Access is free for in-house lawyers, and by subscription for law firms. For more information, contact david.burgess@legal500.com.

CLICK HERE TO VISIT THE WHO REPRESENTS WHO SITE

Named lawyers are based in Washington DC except where otherwise noted.

Covington & Burling LLP has an outstanding track record in global cartel investigations and associated follow-on actions, including those concerning automotive parts, air cargo and power cables. Michael Fanelli has had a key role in the majority of the firm’s cartel matters since 1996. Thomas Barnett and Deborah Garza previously held leadership positions at the Antitrust Division of the US Department of Justice (DOJ), while San Francisco’s Phillip Warren headed the Antitrust Division’s field office in San Francisco for 12 years. Lanny Breuer, Mythili Raman and Bruce Baird are other names to note in the team.

Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher LLP excels in US and global cartel investigations, and San Francisco’s Trey Nicoud is acting for NEC Tokin and NEC Tokin America in the DOJ’s investigation into the capacitor industry, as well as in follow-on actions pending in the Northern District of California. Other key representations include matters concerning cathode ray tubes (CRTs) and TFT-LCD panels, automotive parts and the foreign exchange markets. The group is jointly led by Washington DC-based Scott Hammond (whose 25-year career as a DOJ prosecutor included an eight-year spell as the Antitrust Division’s deputy assistant attorney general for criminal enforcement) and Sean Royall as well as New York-based Peter Sullivan and Daniel Swanson in Los Angeles. Eric Stock, who was formerly chief of the Antitrust Bureau at the New York Attorney General’s office, joined the firm in 2016. Cynthia Richman is a strong up-and-coming lawyer.

Trusted Advisor - with Finnegan

IP specialist Finnegan detail how their collaborative approach makes for a unique culture which is designed to allow them to work with clients in a way which is cognizant of the challenges facing all companies today.

Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton LLP’s Jeremy Calsyn, who is a member of the ABA Antitrust Law Section’s International Cartel Task Force, is working with Mark Leddy, Mark Nelson, Brian Byrne and Kenneth Reinker as global counsel to several financial institutions (including HSBC and Citigroup) in worldwide investigations and litigation concerning foreign exchange trading, Libor and ISDAfix, among other matters. The firm’s other recent highlights included representing seven automotive parts manufacturers in an investigation into price-fixing. Reinker, Daniel Culley and Elaine Ewing made partner, while David Gelfand rejoined the firm after serving as deputy assistant attorney general for litigation at the DOJ’s Antitrust Division.

Latham & Watkins LLP leverages its sizable network in global cartel investigations and is also extremely active in domestic US cartel defense work. The firm’s recent mandates have spanned areas such as optical disk drives, automotive parts and generic drugs. Amanda Reeves in Washington DC and San Francisco’s Christopher Yates are co-chairs of the global practice, a notable hallmark of which is that a number of individuals have previous government experience in cartel investigations; in the US, these include Lawrence Buterman in Washington DC, and Niall Lynch and Karen Silverman in San Francisco. Counsel Farrell Malone joined the Washington DC office from Arnold & Porter LLP.

Global antitrust chair Mark Gidley spearheads White & Case LLP’s practice, which is recommended for high-stakes US and global investigations and associated civil litigation. Christopher Curran and Eileen Cole are working with the Tokyo office to advise Maruyasu Industries on a DOJ investigation into price-fixing and market allocation of multiple automotive parts. Christopher Curran and New York-based Martin Toto and John Chung are other notable members of the team, as are recently promoted partners Heather Burke in Silicon Valley and Kate Dyson in Boston. Peter Carney is a rising star.

Reflective of WilmerHale’s high-end practice, Thomas Mueller and Palo Alto’s Heather Tewksbury are working with the firm’s Brussels office to represent ELNA in a multi-jurisdictional price-fixing cartel investigation involving manufacturers of capacitors. This matter is being scrutinized by the DOJ, the Korean Fair Trade Commission and the European Commission, among other authorities. Steven Cherry’s expertise in US and international investigations is complemented by his experience of antitrust civil litigation, including class actions. Molly Boast in New York and Perry Lange are among other key members of the team. James Burling and Michelle Miller retired from private practice.

Jonathan Gleklen leads the newly merged team at Arnold & Porter Kaye Scholer LLP, which brings together the antitrust expertise of two firms. The combined group includes James W Cooper, John Nassikas and James L Cooper, as well as the New York pair of Saul Morgenstern and Jennifer Patterson. Members are experienced in acting for corporates and individual executives in investigations and related private litigation spanning a range of industries, including auto parts, Libor/Tibor and maritime shipping. Susan Hinchcliffe, who was based at the London office, joined General Electric.

In 2016, Baker Botts L.L.P. represented Royal Philips in landmark multi-district litigation (MDL), in which it successfully pleaded the client’s withdrawal from an alleged price-fixing conspiracy among cathode ray tube (CRT) manufacturers. The firm also previously assisted the client with avoiding a fine in a related DOJ investigation. Elsewhere, it acts for clients in Federal Trade Commission (FTC) investigations and matters before the European Commission, among other antitrust authorities. John Taladay and Stephen Weissman are co-chairs of the antitrust practice, which also includes the highly regarded Joseph Ostoyich, Erik Koons and James Rill.

Hogan Lovells US LLP’s US antitrust team comprises more than 40 lawyers and also draws on the resources of its wider global network to handle US and international cartel investigations for clients from a wide range of sectors, including financial services, electronics and aviation. Recent matters involved multi-jurisdictional investigations in areas such as Libor, auto parts and pharmaceuticals. Names to note in the team, which is led by Janet McDavid, include San Francisco’s Megan Dixon, who was formerly a prosecutor in the DOJ’s Antitrust Division, and Kathryn Hellings. Senior associate Daniel Shulak is also recommended.

Jones Day represents US and global clients in large-scale multi-jurisdictional investigations across a broad cross-section of industries, including oil and gas, healthcare and financial services. In addition, the firm’s credentials are supported by its strong track record in high-profile follow-on actions; John Majoras, Cleveland’s Michelle Fischer and others are defending Yazaki and its US subsidiary in automotive parts class actions, having also represented the client in the DOJ’s investigation of the industry. Julia McEvoy rejoined the firm, having served as deputy associate attorney general at the DOJ.

O’Melveny & Myers LLP is representing Bumble Bee Foods in a DOJ investigation and related class actions connected with its alleged participation in a price-fixing cartel in the packaged seafood space. In a separate matter, the firm advised Samsung on the Korean Fair Trade Commission’s investigation into Qualcomm’s licensing of mobile phone patents, and successfully opposed Qualcomm’s court application for highly sensitive information to be turned over to the KFTC in response to that investigation. Ian Simmons and Richard Parker jointly head the team, which includes Michael Tubach in San Francisco and Ted Hassi.

Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison LLP’s ‘very capable and experienced’ group was significantly strengthened by the addition of a team from Cadwalader, Wickersham & Taft LLP, including Charles Rule, Andrew Forman, Joseph Bial and Jonathan Kanter. The firm particularly stands out in global investigations involving multiple regulators. Highlights included handling Libor and ISDAfix investigations (and related civil litigation) for Deutsche Bank, and acting for Europe Chemi-Con in a European Commission investigation into price-fixing in the capacitors industry. Kenneth Gallo, Aidan Synnott in New York and Joseph Simons are also recommended.

Sidley Austin LLP has a leading reputation in government agency investigations and handles a varied workload, which has recently spanned areas such as auto parts, foreign currency exchange and generic pharmaceuticals. Peter Huston (a former assistant chief in the Antitrust Division’s San Francisco office), Jeffrey Green and New York-based Joel Mitnick and Timothy Treanor are recommended.

In 2016, Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom LLP’s global antitrust head Steven Sunshine, who has a strong track record in assisting clients with avoiding indictments or pleas in federal investigations, represented Corning International Kabushiki Kaisha (CIKK) in a DOJ investigation into the pricing of certain automotive products. The firm also had an active role in the automotive parts investigation. Another key individual is Tara Reinhart, who is experienced in criminal and civil investigations involving sectors such as transport and industrial chemicals, among others.

Allen & Overy LLP’s team, which is split between New York and Washington DC, represents US and international clients in US DOJ and cross-border cartel investigations, as well as in associated litigation. Reflective of the breadth of the practice, recent mandates spanned some of the largest and most active areas in the cartels space, such as foreign exchange, automotive parts and precious metals. John Roberti and New York-based David Esseks and Michael Feldberg are also recommended. Since publication, John Terzaken has joined Simpson Thacher & Bartlett LLP.

Domestic and multi-jurisdictional cartel investigations are areas of strength at Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer LLP, where the antitrust team is led by Paul Yde. The group draws work from clients across a wide range of sectors, such as healthcare, financial services and aviation. Yde is the lead adviser to United Airlines in a DOJ investigation and associated civil litigation connected with an alleged conspiracy with other US airlines over price-fixing and seating capacity. Bruce McCulloch, Tom Ensign and of counsel Terry Calvani are among other key individuals, as is recently promoted partner Mary Lehner.

Kirkland & Ellis LLP is a strong choice for criminal and civil US and cross-border investigations, as well as follow-on damages actions. James Mutchnik in Chicago and Cormac Connor acted for global chemicals manufacturer Geo Specialty Chemicals in a DOJ investigation into an alleged price-fixing and customer allocation conspiracy. Other active practitioners include Daniel Laytin, San Francisco-based Eliot Adelson and Los Angeles-based Tammy Tsoumas. Katherine Rocco and Yi-Chin Ho joined respectively from Cravath, Swaine & Moore LLP in New York and Latham & Watkins LLP in Los Angeles, while Matthew Reilly joined from Simpson Thacher & Bartlett LLP.

Mayer Brown’s vastly experienced team fields several partners who served in key positions at the DOJ’s Antitrust Division, including practice head Mark Ryan, William Stallings and Robert Bloch. The firm assists companies and executives with conduct investigations brought by the DOJ, the FTC, the European Commission and antitrust authorities further afield. Follow-on actions are another area of strength. HSBC, Google Inc and Nestlé USA are among the firm’s key clients.

McDermott Will & Emery LLP’s 65-strong US team, which is led by Raymond Jacobsen, handles a mix of federal and state-level grand jury investigations, as well as matters initiated by the FTC, the European Commission and national antitrust authorities based worldwide. Illustrative of the extensive experience of the group, its workload has previously spanned areas such as chemicals, vitamins and heavy lift shipping. Stefan Meisner, Paul Thompson and Nicole Castle are other members of the team, which acts for clients such as Amgen, Lockheed Martin and Mars. Mary Strimel joined the firm from the DOJ, where she had served as chief of one of two antitrust criminal enforcement sections in Washington DC.

Clients value Morgan, Lewis & Bockius LLP’s ‘extremely high level of service’, with the ‘fabulous and easy-to-work-with’ global practice head Steven Reed and Brendan Fee, who are both based in Philadelphia, being singled-out for particular praise. The firm’s varied practice includes DOJ and FTC investigations as well as matters initiated by antitrust authorities in Europe and Asia. Darren Tucker, Hill Wellford and Silicon Valley’s Mark Krotoski are among several lawyers who have previously served in high-ranking positions at the US antitrust enforcement agencies. Royal Dutch Shell, ICAP and Merck & Co are among the firm’s active clients.

Morrison & Foerster LLP has a reputation in the cartels arena dating back 30 years and is a go-to for domestic and international clients in DOJ and worldwide investigations, as well as associated civil litigation. Reflective of its high-end practice, recent mandates have spanned areas such as automotive parts, drywall and liquid crystal displays. Jeff Jaeckel and Stephen Smith are co-chairs of the global antitrust practice, which also includes Roxann Henry and Bradley Lui. Stuart Plunkett joined Baker Botts L.L.P., while Sean Gates left to establish Charis Lex P.C..

Sheppard, Mullin, Richter & Hampton LLP has been handling global cartel investigations for more than 40 years. In San Francisco, practice head Gary Halling worked with James McGinnis and Michael Scarborough in representing Samsung SDI in US and cross-border investigations into alleged price-fixing of CRTs, as well as in related class action litigation. Michael Cohen in San Francisco is recommended along with Leo Caseria in Los Angeles and Donald Klawiter.

Winston & Strawn LLP features prominently in some of the largest and most high-profile US and global cartel investigations; in a recent highlight, it acted for Panasonic in the DOJ’s investigation into the capacitors market. Other recent mandates for the firm have involved areas such as optical disk drives, CRTs and rechargeable batteries. Jeffrey Kessler chairs the global antitrust practice. Paul Victor, Seth Farber, Eva Cole and of counsel James Lerner are other notable practitioners in the team. All named attorneys are based in New York. Heather Kafele joined from Shearman & Sterling LLP.

Lisa Tenorio-Kutzkey, a former trial attorney with the DOJ’s Antitrust Division, is ‘building a good team’ at DLA Piper LLP (US), which represents clients in US criminal cartel investigations across a wide range of industries, including technology, pharmaceuticals and aviation. The group also works with offices within the firm’s wider network on cross-border matters. Associate Matthew Bartlett is also recommended. Named attorneys are based in San Francisco.

William Kolasky’s team at Hughes Hubbard & Reed LLP includes the ‘smart and tenacious’ Elizabeth Prewitt in New York, who in 2015 joined from the DOJ’s Antitrust Division (where she was a trial lawyer and served as assistant chief in its New York office). Robert Bell and New York-based Marc Weinstein are other key members of the group, which was further bolstered by Ali Stoeppelwerth’s arrival from WilmerHale. The firm is currently acting for clients in investigations involving sectors such as pharmaceuticals, financial services and e-commerce. Ethan Litwin joined Dechert LLP.

In addition to handling DOJ and FTC investigations, Linklaters LLP’s US team leverages its sizable global network in high-stakes multi-jurisdictional matters. New York-based practice head Douglas Tween is particularly well regarded for his expertise in matters involving allegations of some of the most serious antitrust violations, including bid-rigging, price-fixing and group boycotts. Thomas McGrath in New York and Jeff Schmidt are among other standout practitioners at the firm, which acts for clients such as Deutsche Börse, BP and The Linde Group.

Outstanding and experienced’ practice head Kirby Behre and Lauren Briggerman are key contacts at Miller & Chevalier Chartered, which has a first-rate reputation for successfully resolving cartel investigations initiated by US and international antitrust authorities for companies and executives. The firm recently acted for UTi Worldwide and UTi-Brazil in a global cartel investigation involving the freight forwarding industry. Other recent cartel investigations have involved areas such as generic drugs, drywall and municipal bonds.

San Francisco-based Roxane Polidora leads the antitrust group at Pillsbury Winthrop Shaw Pittman LLP, which represents clients at all stages of US-centered and cross-border cartel cases, from their investigation and criminal prosecution to associated civil litigation. The firm’s practice is also actively involved in civil antitrust investigations. James Dick joined in Washington DC from Squire Patton Boggs.

New York-based Michael McGovern is a key contact at Ropes & Gray LLP, which represents companies and individuals in domestic and international criminal antitrust investigations. McGovern, who jointly heads the practice with Mark Popofsky, has experience in a wide variety of investigations, including those concerning automotive parts, capacitors, Libor and foreign exchange products.

Shearman & Sterling LLP has strong capabilities in federal grand jury and European investigations, and has expertise in the full range of the most serious anti-competitive practices, including price-fixing, bid-rigging and group boycotts. In New York, Adam Hakki, Richard Schwed and of counsel Wayne Dale Collins are names to note, as is San Francisco-based John Cove. The firm’s notable client roster includes names such as Barclays and JTEKT. Beau Buffier left the firm to lead the Antitrust Bureau at the office of the New York State Attorney General. Heather Kafele moved to Winston & Strawn LLP in March 2017.

James Reeder in Houston and Craig Seebald head Vinson & Elkins LLP’s team, which is representing Hitachi Automotive Systems in a DOJ investigation into the auto parts industry (this DOJ investigation is also being coordinated with antitrust authorities in Canada, Japan and the EU). The group also assists clients with investigations initiated by the FTC, state attorneys general and foreign antitrust agencies. Huntsman International, Phadia US and TriStar Investors are among the firm’s notable clients in this space.

At Weil, Gotshal & Manges LLP, Steven Reiss and Adam Hemlock spearhead the firm’s cartel practice out of the New York office, handling criminal investigations and related civil litigation. The firm’s diverse workload has seen its advise on matters involving automotive parts, liquid crystal displays and e-books, among many other areas. Key clients include ExxonMobil, Sumitomo Chemical and Pirelli.

Williams & Connolly LLP’s longstanding experience in the criminal antitrust arena makes it well placed to advise on investigations in the US and internationally, with recent mandates involving financial benchmarking, automotive parts and ocean shipping services, among other areas. John Schmidtlein’s broad practice includes investigations brought by the DOJ, the FTC and state attorneys general. Jonathan Pitt and David Zinn are other names to note.


Civil litigation/class actions

Index of tables

  1. Civil litigation/class actions
  2. Leading lawyers
  3. Next generation lawyers

Leading lawyers

  1. 1

Next generation lawyers

  1. 1

Who Represents Who

Find out which law firms are representing which Civil litigation/class actions clients in United States using The Legal 500's new comprehensive database of law firm/client relationships. Instantly search over 925,000 relationships, including over 83,000 Fortune 500, 46,000 FTSE350 and 13,000 DAX 30 relationships globally. Access is free for in-house lawyers, and by subscription for law firms. For more information, contact david.burgess@legal500.com.

CLICK HERE TO VISIT THE WHO REPRESENTS WHO SITE

Trusted Advisor - with Finnegan

IP specialist Finnegan detail how their collaborative approach makes for a unique culture which is designed to allow them to work with clients in a way which is cognizant of the challenges facing all companies today.

Berger & Montague, P.C., which has a particular emphasis on handling plaintiff-side mandates, has been a key player in high-profile antitrust class actions since the firm’s inception in 1970. In the pharmaceuticals industry alone, the firm has assisted clients with recovering more than $1bn from drugs companies that are alleged to have impeded the entry of generic drugs onto the market, and who have also allegedly engaged in artificially inflating drugs prices. David Sorensen is currently leading a team as interim co-lead class counsel to a proposed class of direct purchasers of Warner Chilcott’s oral contraceptive drugs Loestrin 24 and Minastrin 24 in ‘pay for delay’ litigation. Elsewhere, H Laddie Montague, Eric Cramer and others act as interim co-lead counsel to a proposed class of direct purchasers in a case concerning artificial price inflation in the drywall industry. Merrill Davidoff, who recently became chairman of the firm, also heads the practice with Montague. More than 30 of the 60 attorneys at the firm are members of the antitrust team. All named attorneys are based in Philadelphia.

Boies Schiller Flexner LLP’s team, which is active in plaintiff and defendant representations in class actions and private standalone antitrust litigation, is ‘among the best in complex legal matters, for which you need a strategic approach to winning’. In recent highlights, William Isaacson and Melissa Zappala were the firm’s lead advisers to the direct purchaser class of plaintiffs that successfully reached a circa $276m settlement with flexible polyurethane foam manufacturers in a national class action arising from alleged price-fixing in the industry. On the defendant side, Isaacson, Jim Denvir, Michael Mitchell and Abby Dennis are representing Delta Air Lines in a price-fixing class action involving multiple airlines. New York-based Donald Flexner heads the practice, which also includes ‘strategic and creative thinker’ Richard Feinstein and Robert Cooper. Dennis recently made partner, as did Christopher Renner, Christopher Belelieu in New York, Meredith Dearborn in Palo Alto, and Oakland-based Sean Rodriguez. Named lawyers are based in Washington DC except where indicated otherwise.

Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton LLP’s antitrust team has a strong presence in Washington DC, where the firm fields more than 60 lawyers with substantial litigation expertise (of which ten are partners), including George Cary, Leah Brannon, Jeremy Calsyn and Brian Byrne. Elsewhere, Lev Dassin and Carmine Boccuzzi are names to note in New York. Reflective of the group’s first-rate reputation, recent mandates included representing multiple automotive parts suppliers in civil litigation arising from global investigations into industry-wide price-fixing. The firm also successfully defended Sanofi US in a multibillion-dollar private antitrust lawsuit concerning its use of loyalty discounts for anticoagulant drug Lovenox. Goldman Sachs, Lafarge and Sabre Holdings are among other clients. Also in Washington DC, Elaine Ewing, Kenneth Reinker and Daniel Culley made partner, and David Gelfand rejoined the firm having previously served as deputy assistant attorney general for litigation in the Antitrust Division of the Department of Justice (DOJ). Mark Leddy splits his time between the Washington DC and New York offices.

Covington & Burling LLP’s antitrust litigation practice, which is co-chaired by Derek Ludwin in Washington DC and Emily Henn in Palo Alto, has a strong reputation for cutting-edge, highly complex matters, and draws work from clients in sectors such as technology, financial services and pharmaceuticals. Ludwin, Gregg Levy and others recently represented the National Football League in two class actions, one of which involved defending the client in multi-district litigation (MDL) concerning its television broadcasting arrangements. In the auto parts arena, Anita Stork (San Francisco), Ashley Bass, Michael Fanelli and others are acting for Alps Electric in a putative class action concerning alleged price-fixing of heater control panels. In addition to managing cases heard domestically, the US group operates as part of a wider network to assist with cross-border matters, including litigation that is connected to government investigations. Thomas Barnett, Deborah Garza and Robert Wick are other highly regarded practitioners. Named attorneys are based in Washington DC except where otherwise indicated.

Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher LLP’s outstanding cartel investigations practice makes it a particularly compelling choice for associated civil litigation, although its antitrust litigation practice extends beyond that to also include standalone high-value private antitrust matters (where there is no government agency involvement) and contentious merger-related work. In a notable highlight, Jeffrey Thomas (Orange County), Samuel Liversidge, Jay Srinivasan and Rod Stone assisted HP with obtaining a $3bn damages award against Oracle (representing the largest single-plaintiff verdict in US history) in a high-profile case arising from the latter’s decision to stop developing software for the client’s Itanium servers. In another matter, Daniel Swanson, Joshua Lipton (Washington DC) and others defended Nasdaq OMX in litigation related to the pricing of market data products. Swanson jointly heads the practice with New York-based Peter Sullivan, Dallas-based Sean Royall and Washington DC’s Scott Hammond. In 2016, Eric Stock joined the firm in New York, having previously served as chief of the Antitrust Bureau at the New York Attorney General’s office. Washington DC-based Joshua Soven is another name to note. Named lawyers are based in Los Angeles except where otherwise indicated.

Hausfeld, which ‘commits extensive resources to the most difficult cases’, is widely hailed as one of the few market-leading plaintiff firms. Michael Hausfeld, who is ‘the unquestionable dean of the antitrust bar’, is working with William Butterfield, Reena Gambhir and Timothy Kearns, among others, as co-lead counsel to a putative class of investors in a lawsuit alleging a conspiracy by various global banks to fix prices and manipulate key benchmark rates in the foreign exchange market. The firm also acted as co-lead counsel to a proposed class of freight shippers in a case involving an alleged rail freight services price-fixing conspiracy. ‘Young star’ Sathya Gosselin, who ‘works on the most complex cases brilliantly’ is recommended, as are Megan Jones (San Francisco), Brian Ratner, Melinda Coolidge and Hilary Scherrer. Named lawyers are based in Washington DC except where otherwise indicated.

Jones Day’s team, which ‘really directs its energy into the needs of the client’, excels in follow-on damages actions arising from cartel investigations, private standalone antitrust actions and merger challenges, among other matters. Kenneth Field, Geoffrey Irwin and Kerri Ruttenberg were lead advisers to Cabell Huntington Hospital in the successful defense of its merger with St Mary’s Medical Center, which had been challenged by the Federal Trade Commission (FTC). In another matter, Thomas Demitrack (Cleveland), Michael Shumaker and others successfully defended Liberty Global against a lawsuit alleging monopolization of the video entertainment market in Puerto Rico. The firm’s ability to work across offices worldwide makes it a port of call in multi-jurisdictional matters. Global antitrust head David Wales, John Majoras and Los Angeles’ Eric Enson are widely lauded, as are recently promoted partners Erin Shencopp (Chicago) and Michael Gleason. Julia McEvoy rejoined the firm, having served as deputy associate attorney general at the DOJ. Named lawyers are based in Washington DC except where otherwise indicated.

Kirkland & Ellis LLP’s team, which is led from Chicago by James Mutchnik and Daniel Laytin, features prominently in cases of the utmost complexity and significance, particularly in sectors that attract close regulatory scrutiny, including energy, hi-tech, telecoms and healthcare. ‘Reverse payment settlement’ cases in the pharmaceuticals sector is a notable area of activity and the team is handling multiple matters for Teva Pharmaceuticals’ Barr Laboratories Unit, including litigation arising from an alleged conspiracy to delay market entry of the generic version of antibiotic Cipro. In the financial services arena, a group including Joseph Serino and Eric Leon in New York and Robert Khuzami and Patrick Montgomery in Washington DC is representing Deutsche Bank in various matters, including two putative class actions concerning an alleged conspiracy with other financial institutions to manipulate the Gold Fix and Silver Fix markets, in violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act and the Commodity Exchange Act. Matthew Reilly recently joined the firm in Washington DC from Simpson Thacher & Bartlett LLP, while other key hires are Katherine Rocco (New York), Yi-Chin Ho (Los Angeles) and Anna Rotman (Houston), who joined from Cravath, Swaine & Moore LLP, Latham & Watkins LLP and Yetter Coleman LLP respectively.

Washington DC-based Amanda Reeves and San Francisco’s Christopher Yates are global co-chairs of the practice at Latham & Watkins LLP. The team recently increased its headcount in the US through the hires of counsel Peter Todaro and Farrell Malone, who joined in Washington DC from King & Spalding LLP and Arnold & Porter LLP respectively, and Michael Lacovara, who joined in New York from Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer LLP. In addition to representing clients in cartel-related litigation arising from government investigations, the firm also handles non-cartel business-to-business litigation (which covers a wide range of conduct issues), as well as contentious merger clearances. San Francisco-based Daniel Wall and Sarah Ray and others successfully defended Oracle against a putative class action initiated by plaintiffs alleging a conspiracy between the client and other technology companies not to hire or solicit each other’s employees. Margaret Zwisler, Jennifer Giordano and Allyson Maltas (all based in Washington DC) secured an appellate-level win for Time Warner Cable in the Set-top Cable Television Box Antitrust Litigation. Al Pfeiffer in San Francisco is highly recommended.

Although Baker Botts L.L.P.’s civil antitrust litigation work is primarily weighted towards representing defendants, it also handles a notable share of opt-out cases and class action work for plaintiffs. The firm has undertaken a significant amount of work for Royal Philips recently; in a recent highlight, John Taladay, Erik Koons, Van Beckwith (Dallas) and Stuart Plunkett (San Francisco) assisted the client with obtaining a landmark summary judgment in an MDL involving allegations of a global price-fixing conspiracy among manufacturers of cathode ray tubes (CRTs). The firm has also handled mandates for clients such as McWane Inc, Eaton Corporation and Harold Levinson Associates. Stephen Weissman, Joseph Ostoyich (‘the consummate consigliere in terms of client service’), James Kress and William Lavery are among other notable partners in the team, which saw Tom Dillickrath join the FTC as deputy chief trial counsel. Plunkett, who has particular expertise in representing technology companies in antitrust disputes, joined from Morrison & Foerster LLP. Named lawyers are based in Washington DC except where indicated otherwise.

Plaintiff firm Cohen Milstein Sellers & Toll PLLC has an excellent reputation for acting as lead counsel or co-lead counsel in complex class actions involving some of the world’s largest corporates. The breadth of its experience in antitrust litigation spans multiple industries, including healthcare, auto parts, media and entertainment, and financial services. A recent highlight involved acting as co-lead counsel to a class of direct purchasers in Re Urethane Antitrust Litigation; key partners Richard Koffman and Kit Pierson had an instrumental role in an $835m settlement agreement being reached with Dow Chemical. In another matter, Daniel Small, Brent Johnson and others are acting as co-lead counsel to a class of visual effects and animation workers in a lawsuit alleging that various animation studios have engaged in a conspiracy not to solicit each other’s employees and to coordinate on compensation. New York-based Sharon Robertson is highly recommended; all other named lawyers are based in Washington DC.

Cravath, Swaine & Moore LLP’s practice is led by Christine Varney, a former US Assistant Attorney General for Antitrust and FTC Commissioner. The firm has a particularly strong following of clients from the financial services sector; John Buretta is representing Nomura International in nine consolidated class actions involving allegations of collusion and price-fixing over SSA bonds. In another highlight, Daniel Slifkin and Michael Paskin are acting for Morgan Stanley in Re Interest Rate Swaps Antitrust Litigation. Kevin Orsini has experience representing American Express in high-profile antitrust disputes. Elsewhere, Rowan Wilson is representing Mylan Laboratories in a consolidated set of class actions centered on alleged reverse payment settlement agreements between Cephalon and various generic drugs manufacturers (including Mylan). Evan Chesler and Peter Barbur are other notable individuals.

Jointly led by George Gordon in Philadelphia and Michael Weiner in New York, Dechert LLP’s team handles a mix of contested antitrust matters, including merger-related litigation, multi-forum class actions and opt-out cases. Weiner and Paul Friedman are acting as lead trial counsel to Monsanto and its Precision Planting business in litigation initiated by the DOJ challenging Deere & Co’s acquisition of Precision Planting. Paul Denis is another key individual in the team. In recent developments, Steven Bizar joined from Buchanan Ingersoll & Rooney, Ethan Litwin arrived from Hughes Hubbard & Reed LLP and counsel Gregory Luib was a notable hire from the FTC. Outgoing practitioners were Gorav Jindal, who went to Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld LLP, and Carolyn Hazard, who went to Endo Pharmaceuticals. Craig Falls made partner. Named lawyers are based in Washington DC except where otherwise indicated.

Notwithstanding its modest size, Minneapolis-based firm Heins Mills & Olson, PLC has a strong track record acting as lead counsel or co-lead counsel to plaintiffs in high-profile class actions involving a broad cross-section of issues, such as monopolization, price-fixing and market allocation. Vincent Esades’ team includes Renae Steiner, who is acting as co-lead counsel to a nationwide class of end payers in the Aggrenox ‘pay for delay’ litigation. The firm is also acting as lead counsel to a class of direct purchasers in a lawsuit alleging a conspiracy by manufacturers of aftermarket automotive sheet metal parts to fix prices and restrict the supply of their products. Other partners who focus on antitrust litigation are Dylan McFarland, David Woodward, Jessica Servais and James Anderson.

At Hogan Lovells US LLP, Marc Gottridge, Dennis Tracey (both in New York), Benjamin Holt and others are acting for Société Générale in an MDL where it is alleged that banks participating in the London Market Gold Fixing process colluded with each other to manipulate the benchmark price. In another highlight, Robert Robertson and recently promoted partner Justin Bernick are acting as co-lead counsel in Re Blue Cross Blue Shield Antitrust Litigation. 3M, Airbus and IBM are among other key clients of the practice, which was strengthened by the recent hires of Christopher Casey and Julie Brill, who joined from the DOJ and FTC respectively. Paul Salvaty joined in Los Angeles from Glaser Weil Fink Howard Avchen & Shapiro LLP. William Monts, Sanford Litvack (New York) and Megan Dixon (San Francisco) are other notable individuals in the team. Global practice co-head Janet McDavid is based in Washington DC, as are the lawyers mentioned above where location is not indicated.

Eric Fastiff heads the San Francisco-centered team at plaintiff firm Lieff Cabraser Heimann & Bernstein, LLP, which has a broad client base that includes employees, investors and companies, among others. The firm has a well-deserved reputation for successfully taking on some of the world’s largest corporations, with its caseload involving allegations of some of the most serious antitrust violations, including cartels, monopolies and various other anti-competitive practices. A recent highlight involved representing a number of public entities in Re Municipal Derivatives Litigation. In a separate matter, the firm is on the plaintiffs’ executive committee in Re Domestic Airline Travel Antitrust Litigation. Lin Chan, Dean Harvey and Richard Heimann are among a number of notable individuals in the antitrust group.

O’Melveny & Myers LLP’s ‘top-drawer’ team includes the ‘thoughtful and preparedMichael Tubach in San Francisco, who leverages his substantial experience of representing clients in cartel investigations to assist with associated class actions. Ben Bradshaw has antitrust litigation experience spanning industries such as aviation, healthcare and financial services. Practice co-chair Ian Simmons is working with Bradshaw to represent Asiana Airlines in an opt-out action brought by Schenker AG, which claims that there was a conspiracy among Asiana and multiple other airlines to inflate surcharges and base rates for air cargo shipping rates. Century City’s Bo Pearl is also recommended. The firm’s merger litigation work is another pillar of the practice; group co-chair Richard Parker, Ted Hassi, Michael Antalics and Katrina Robson acted as litigation counsel to Halliburton in its proposed $28bn acquisition of Baker Hughes, a deal that was eventually abandoned due to the strength of regulatory concerns in the US and EU. Named lawyers are based in Washington DC except where otherwise specified.

Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison LLP’s team, comprising ‘excellent business lawyers’, stands out for high-value, bet-the-company litigation. Aidan Synnott (New York) and Joseph Simons are among several ‘top-level litigators with experience across a wide range of issues’. Illustrative of the firm’s stellar reputation in antitrust litigation, it has longstanding relationships with notable clients such as Becton, Dickinson and Company and The Nielsen Company. Charles Rule, who joined the firm along with a team of other antitrust lawyers from Cadwalader, Wickersham & Taft LLP, worked with Kenneth Gallo and various other team members to represent Cigna in a lawsuit brought by the DOJ and several states arising from its proposed $54bn merger with Anthem. The firm also advised the same client on Aetna’s proposed $37bn acquisition of Humana, which was challenged by the DOJ and several states. Another highlight for the firm included representing Sharp Corporation and Sharp Electronics in opt-out litigation initiated by Motorola Mobility, arising from the client’s alleged involvement in a global cartel connected with liquid crystal displays. David Bernick (New York) made partner. Named lawyers are based in Washington DC except where otherwise specified.

At Quinn Emanuel Urquhart & Sullivan, LLP, Los Angeles’ Harold Barza leads the ‘very client-focused’ team, which excels in representing plaintiffs and defendants in class and non-class action litigation. In New York, Stephen Neuwirth, Steig Olson and Sanford Weisburst acted for The Home Depot as a principal objector to a $7.25bn antitrust settlement that had been reached between Visa and MasterCard and retailers, following long-running litigation regarding interchange fees for credit and debit card transactions. The firm is now handling a separate opt-out action for the same client. In another matter, Olson and Daniel Brockett acted as lead counsel to a plaintiff class of investors in Re Credit Default Swaps Antitrust Litigation, which settled for $1.87bn - notwithstanding that investigations by the DOJ and European Commission did not result in charges being brought against the defendant banks.

In 2016, Sidley Austin LLP’s Joel Mitnick (New York) and Carter Phillips (Washington DC) acted for MOFCOM as amicus curiae in a price-fixing case involving Chinese vitamin C manufacturers. Astellas Pharma, Microsoft and Citigroup are among other key clients of the practice, which draws work from a wide variety of industries, and particularly stands out in complex matters involving regulated sectors. Chicago-based Scott Stein is a particular go-to for civil litigation related to the healthcare industry. Other notable individuals in Chicago include John Treece, who has a wealth of experience in price-fixing and monopolization cases, David Giardina and David Graham, while in San Francisco Ryan Sandrock in a key name. Jonathan Nuechterlein joined the Washington DC office in 2016, having previously served as general counsel of the FTC. Mitnick and Treece are co-chairs of the global antitrust practice, as are Marie Fiala (San Francisco) and William Blumenthal (Washington DC).

Susman Godfrey LLP, which focuses on acting for plaintiffs, features in some of the largest and most complex cases nationwide, across sectors such as aviation, medical devices and telecoms. Marc Seltzer in Los Angeles and Matthew Berry in Seattle act as court-appointed co-lead counsel to a class of animators in a class action in which it is alleged that there was an anti-poaching and wage-fixing conspiracy among animation studios in Hollywood. In another matter, the firm is on the plaintiffs’ steering committee in a nationwide class action arising from an alleged conspiracy to unlawfully fix, raise and stabilize prices of lithium ion batteries. Houston-based James Southwick and Barry Barnett are other key members of the team, which also has people in New York.

Led by global antitrust head Mark Gidley, White & Case LLP’s group, which has ‘great business acumen and industry knowledge’, has an enviable track record in class actions, individual actions (covering the gamut of claims) and merger litigation. The team has a particularly outstanding reputation in pharmaceutical sector cases; among a string of recent successes in this arena, in a precedent-setting case, a Washington DC-based team including Gidley, Peter Carney, Eileen Cole, Noah Brumfield (Silicon Valley and Washington DC) and others successfully defended Warner Chilcott at the Third Circuit against product-hopping claims connected with acne medication Doryx. The firm also represented Allergan in a putative class action concerning its Botox product and a licensing agreement with Korea-based Medytox, the result of which would have allegedly delayed entry into the US of a competing product to Botox (manufactured by Medytox). Elsewhere, Christopher Curran and New York-based Martin Toto and John Chung are defending Toshiba against a billion-dollar lawsuit brought by the Illinois Attorney General against manufacturers of LCD panels. Jack Pace and Robert Milne (both New York), Eric Grannon (Washington DC) and recently promoted partner Heather Burke (Silicon Valley) are also recommended.

WilmerHale covers the full spectrum of antitrust litigation, including class actions and opt-out cases (arising from federal grand jury and international cartel investigations), and standalone civil antitrust disputes brought by individual parties. The firm also handles merger-related lawsuits initiated by state attorneys general, the DOJ and the FTC. Mark Ford (Boston), Thomas Mueller and recently promoted partner Timothy Syrett (Boston) are acting for Schaeffler in an automotive parts price-fixing MDL, and are also defending related German entities against price-fixing claims brought by a putative class of direct purchasers. In a separate matter, Leon Greenfield, Seth Waxman and Daniel Volchok acted as appellate counsel to the NCAA in litigation concerning its right to prohibit member schools from paying student athletes for using their names, images and likenesses. The firm is also representing ELNA in an MDL arising from US and multi-jurisdictional investigations into an alleged cartel in the capacitors industry. Named lawyers are based in Washington DC except where otherwise indicated.

Zelle LLP, which has a first-rate reputation acting for plaintiffs in opt-out and class action litigation, significantly strengthened its antitrust practice in 2016 with the addition of five lawyers from the now-defunct Dickstein Shapiro, who joined the firm’s newly opened Washington DC office. One of the hires was James Martin, who co-chairs the antitrust practice with Judith Zahid. Martin acted as co-lead counsel to 11 opt-out plaintiffs, who reached a $400m settlement with Dow Chemical in Re Urethane Antitrust Litigation. In another matter, the firm is acting for United Healthcare in a pay-for-delay case against Cephalon involving sleep disorder drug Provigil. Other recent areas of work have spanned areas such as packaged seafood, lithium-ion batteries and CRTs. Michael Christian, Jennifer Hackett (Washington DC), Christopher Micheletti and recently promoted partner Qianwei Fu are recommended. Named lawyers are based in San Francisco unless otherwise indicated.

Kaplan Fox & Kilsheimer LLP, whose reputation in antitrust dates back more than 40 years, represents plaintiffs in class and non-class private actions. The firm is currently representing a number of large purchasers in private actions concerning price-fixing in the packaged seafood industry and, in 2016, a separate highlight (as co-counsel) involved reaching settlements with the remaining defendants in the Air Cargo Shipping Services Antitrust Litigation. Key partners are Robert Kaplan, Matthew McCahill - Gregory Arenson, Richard Kilsheimer, Elana Katcher and Hae Sung Nam. All named lawyers are based in New York.

Labaton Sucharow LLP’s first-rate reputation ranks it as ‘one of the best-known plaintiff firms in the antitrust class action arena’. The ‘smart and trustworthyGregory Asciolla and Jay Himes co-chair the New York-based practice, which is visible in large-scale cases arising from US and global antitrust investigations, and which also particularly excels at developing and filing first-of-its-kind actions, even if no investigation has been initiated. In 2016, the firm filed the first nationwide class action for Boston Retirement System in a matter concerning an alleged conspiracy by the world’s largest dealer banks to manipulate trading in the SSA bonds market. In the pharmaceuticals sector, the firm is on the court-appointed plaintiffs’ steering committee in a class action arising from an alleged conspiracy among generic drugs manufacturers to fix the prices of digoxin and doxycycline, as well as allocate markets and customers.

Mayer Brown’s practice is led by global head Mark Ryan, who rejoined the firm in 2015, having previously served at the DOJ’s Antitrust Division, where he was its first-ever director of litigation. The group also benefits from the expertise of other seasoned ex-DOJ practitioners, including William Stallings, Robert Bloch and Richard Favretto. The firm’s international footprint, combined with deep trial and appellate experience at federal and state level in the US, makes the firm a strong choice for a broad base of clients, which include Nestlé USA, Société Générale and Google. Andrew Marovitz and Britt Miller, who are both Chicago based, are representing HSBC in a class action where it is alleged that there was a conspiracy among financial institutions to limit competition in the credit default swaps market. The pair are also defending Temple Inland in consolidated class action litigation concerning an alleged conspiracy to restrict capacity and fix the prices of corrugated products. Named lawyers are based in Washington DC except where otherwise noted.

Led by global practice head Steven Reed from Philadelphia, Morgan, Lewis & Bockius LLP’s team covers a full range of antitrust disputes. Among several lawyers who have previously held senior positions at the US antitrust enforcement agencies, Hill Wellford was chief of staff at the DOJ’s Antitrust Division and Willard Tom was general counsel of the FTC’s Bureau of Competition. Illustrative of the firm’s strong reputation, it acts for some of the world’s largest organizations from a variety of sectors, such as financial services, technology and life sciences. Reed, Brian Rocca (San Francisco), Brendan Fee (Philadelphia) and others successfully defended Uber Technologies against a lawsuit brought by Philadelphia Taxi Association and a dozen of its members, which cited claims of attempted monopolization and unfair competition. Other highlights included representing Lupin Ltd and Lupin Pharmaceuticals in two pay-for-delay MDLs. Deputy head of the practice Darren Tucker is based in Washington DC, as are the lawyers above where location information is not included.

Morrison & Foerster LLP’s experience in handling business-critical matters for global clients makes it well placed to advise on DOJ/FTC merger challenges, class actions and MDLs, and private litigation. In 2016, Bradley Lui and Jeff Jaeckel successfully defended Continental Building Products in an MDL concerning price-fixing in the drywall industry. In another highlight, the firm was retained to represent Deere & Co in proceedings brought by the DOJ, which seeks to block the client’s acquisition of Monsanto’s Precision Planting business. Jaeckel and Stephen Smith are co-chairs of the global antitrust practice. Roxann Henry, David Cross and Michael Miller (New York) are among other highly recommended individuals in the group, which recently saw Stuart Plunkett join Baker Botts L.L.P. and Sean Gates leave to establish Charis Lex P.C.. Named lawyers are based in Washington DC except where otherwise noted.

Robins Kaplan LLP primarily acts for plaintiffs but also defendants in industry-transforming class actions and individual claims. From New York, Hollis Salzman is acting as co-lead counsel to a putative class of plaintiff consumers and businesses that purchased or leased new vehicles in litigation in the automotive parts space, and Kellie Lerner serves as co-lead counsel to a proposed class of direct purchasers in litigation in which it is alleged that Merck unlawfully monopolized the market for the MMR vaccine by engaging in a campaign to misrepresent its efficacy. On the defense side, Stephen Safranski, Martin Lueck and Craig Wildfang (all based in Minneapolis) are representing SuperValu in a putative class action brought by grocery retailers in multiple states, where it is alleged that the client and another wholesaler colluded to allocate markets and customers in the Midwest and New England.

Shearman & Sterling LLP has a particularly strong reputation in financial services antitrust litigation and has been at the forefront of class actions arising from a multitude of global investigations into the industry. Current work includes representing BNP Paribas and Mizuho Securities USA as defendants in class actions brought against more than 20 primary dealers, in which it is alleged that they conspired to manipulate the market for US Treasury securities and related financial products. In another matter, global litigation head Adam Hakki, Richard Schwed and Jeffrey Resetarits (all based in New York) are acting for Bank of America in putative class actions involving price-fixing of SSA bonds. Other clients include Barclays, Citigroup and Nomura. John Cove, who joined the firm’s San Francisco office in 2016 from Boies Schiller Flexner LLP, has previous experience as a trial attorney at the DOJ. Former co-head of the global antitrust practice Beau Buffier left to become chief of the New York State Attorney General’s Antitrust Bureau. Stephen Hibbard moved to Jones Day.

Simpson Thacher & Bartlett LLP’s practice impresses with its breadth, with the team assisting with follow-on actions arising from government investigations, standalone class actions, private antitrust lawsuits and merger litigation. In the healthcare sector, Andrew Lacy and recently promoted partner Abram Ellis defended HCA and its subsidiary Methodist Healthcare System against a class action lawsuit involving an alleged wage-fixing conspiracy among certain Texas-based hospital networks. In another matter, Jeffrey Knox and New York-based Thomas Rice and David Woll are representing Deutsche Bank in a series of class actions brought by institutional investors in which its alleged that a number of financial institutions colluded to manipulate the market for US Treasury securities. Peter Thomas leads the practice following the departures of former joint heads Kevin Arquit and Matthew Reilly for Weil, Gotshal & Manges LLP and Kirkland & Ellis LLP respectively. Named lawyers are based in Washington DC except where otherwise noted.

In 2016, Weil, Gotshal & Manges LLP welcomed heavyweight practitioner Kevin Arquit from Simpson Thacher & Bartlett LLP to co-lead the antitrust practice with Steven Newborn (Washington DC). The firm’s workload includes follow-on actions arising from global cartel investigations, private business-to-business lawsuits and merger litigation. Steven Reiss and Adam Hemlock are defending General Chemical and its parent company Chemtrade Logistics Income Fund in putative class actions in the US arising from an alleged price-fixing conspiracy in the market for a water treatment chemical, liquid aluminum sulfate. Reiss and Hemlock are also representing Calsonic Kansei and Bridgestone (and their US subsidiaries) in an antitrust MDL involving automotive parts. Eric Hochstadt and Washington DC’s Carrie Mahan are also recommended; Michael Naughton joined as counsel from Simpson Thacher & Bartlett LLP. Named lawyers are based in New York except where otherwise noted.

Equally well regarded in plaintiff and defendant representations, Winston & Strawn LLP’s team has a forte in handling some of the most complex class actions and private litigation. Its varied workload spans cases involving price-fixing conspiracies and abuses of monopolies, as well as patent disputes and unfair trade practice issues. Robert Sperling (who splits his time between Chicago and New York), Elizabeth Papez (who splits her time between Washington DC and New York), James Herbison (Chicago) and Susannah Torpey (New York) are defending Goldman Sachs in an MDL connected with an alleged conspiracy by financial institutions to manipulate the market for US Treasury securities. Another cornerstone of the practice is merger litigation; in a notable healthcare industry matter, Chicago-based Dan Webb and David Dahlquist acted for NorthShore University HealthSystem in litigation brought by the FTC and the State of Illinois in order to block the client’s proposed merger with Advocate Health Care. Jeffrey Kessler chairs the firm’s global antitrust practice from New York.

In addition to dealing with M&A-related antitrust litigation, Davis Polk & Wardwell LLP advises clients on civil litigation associated with criminal antitrust investigations, class actions and various other private standalone actions. New York-based Greg Andres and Arthur Burke are acting for The Royal Bank of Scotland in class action litigation related to allegations of collusion in the interest rate swaps and US Treasury securities markets, among other matters. Universal Studios, NBCUniversal and United States Golf Association are other key clients. Menlo Park’s Christopher Hockett leads the team, which also includes Jon Leibowitz and Joel Cohen in New York and recently promoted partner Jesse Solomon in Washington DC.

Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer LLP’s US team, which is based across Washington DC and New York, operates as part of a worldwide network, making it well positioned in domestic and international antitrust investigations, associated civil litigation and merger reviews. US antitrust practice head Paul Yde and senior associates Hiram Andrews and Craig Minerva are representing United Airlines in both a DOJ investigation and in a related MDL arising from an alleged conspiracy among four domestic airlines to raise prices through restricting seating capacity. In other matters, Bruce McCulloch recently successfully concluded the defense of Vita Group in the polyurethane class action litigation, while counsel Richard Snyder acted for Hachette Book Group in a number of follow-on actions arising from investigations by the DOJ and state attorneys general into e-books price-fixing. Tom Ensign acts for clients from numerous industries, including agriculture, healthcare and private equity. Other recommended individuals are recently promoted partner Mary Lehner and of counsel Terry Calvani. All named attorneys are based in Washington DC.

At McDermott Will & Emery LLP, a bedrock of the firm’s work is in civil litigation associated with grand jury investigations into matters such as bid-rigging and price-fixing. Its team, which is led by Raymond Jacobsen from Washington DC, also has expertise in antitrust cases involving contentious intellectual property issues and merger challenges. A particular hallmark of the practice is its strong track record in healthcare antitrust work; Washington DC-based Jeffrey Brennan, the former head of the FTC’s healthcare services division, and Chicago-based Stephen Wu are among the names to note in this space. Chicago-based David Hanselman and Joel Chefitz and Washington DC’s Jon Dubrow are other recommended individuals. Bilal Sayyed joined the Washington DC office from Kirkland & Ellis LLP in 2016.

McGuireWoods LLP’s practice covers the entire antitrust litigation spectrum, with the firm acting as lead counsel or co-lead counsel to blue-chip clients from industries such as financial services, transport and healthcare, among many others. Recent hire Jonathan Lewis, who joined in Washington DC from Baker & Hostetler LLP in 2016, is experienced in antitrust class actions and other civil antitrust litigation involving issues such as price-fixing, tying arrangements and predatory pricing. From Chicago, practice head Amy Manning, Angelo Russo and others are representing Fresenius Kabi USA as the plaintiff in litigation against Par Sterile Products and Par Pharmaceutical Companies concerning an alleged abuse of a monopoly over intravenous vasopressin solution. On the defense side, Richmond-based James Walsh represented Carpenter Company in the polyurethane foam price-fixing and market-allocation MDL, which ultimately saw a $151m settlement being reached between consumer plaintiffs and makers of polyurethane foam. Wells Fargo, Argos USA and Horizon Lines are among other clients of the practice.

Paul Hastings LLP’s practice is spearheaded from Washington DC by global antitrust head Scott Hataway, who is a former trial attorney at the DOJ’s Antitrust Division. Other key individuals are San Francisco-based Holly House and Sean Unger, who defended LG Display and its US subsidiary in the multi-district price-fixing TFT-LCD antitrust litigation. In another highlight, House is acting as co-counsel to plaintiff Cave Consulting in a case against OptumInsight involving an alleged ‘Walker Process’ antitrust violation. Elsewhere, the firm defended Sara Lee against claims of price-fixing and unlawful territorial allocations with distributors. Thomas Brown (San Francisco) and MJ Moltenbrey (Washington DC) are recommended. Lee Berger joined the DOJ’s Antitrust Division as a trial attorney.

Proskauer Rose LLP’s multifaceted practice covers merger challenges, cartel-related litigation and other antitrust disputes. Its experience includes cases where antitrust and intellectual property issues intersect; Christopher Ondeck, who is ‘a seasoned litigator’, represented MPEG LA, Zenith, Panasonic and Philips as plaintiffs in patent infringement litigation against Sceptre, and also defended the client against counterclaims of monopolization of digital television patents and collusion as to licensing. Elsewhere, the firm has a sizable stable of food and agriculture clients; Ondeck is defending broiler chicken producer Wayne Farms in a price-fixing class action brought by purchasers and indirect purchasers. Colin Kass successfully defended FCA US (formerly Chrysler Group) in a novel antitrust price discrimination case, which was brought under the Robinson-Patman Act by a dealership regarding the client’s nationwide dealer incentive program. Sanofi Pasteur, Accor Hotels and Celgene Corporation are among other clients. Kass and Ondeck jointly chair the practice from Washington DC.

Sheppard, Mullin, Richter & Hampton LLP has ‘top-notch practitioners, who are focused on achieving excellent results’. Michael Scarborough is ‘a tough advocate, who is also professional and fair’, and group chair Gary Halling is ‘a pre-eminent competition attorney’. Michael Cohen is experienced in government-initiated merger litigation and strategic cases, including monopolization and joint venture claims. In 2015, Cohen acted for Twin America, the joint venture vehicle created by a merger between City Sights and Gray Line New York, against a federal district court lawsuit brought by the DOJ and New York Attorney General in a bid to unwind the merger. James McGinnis and Leo Caseria (Los Angeles) are other notable individuals in the group, which is also recommended for private litigation and class actions covering the gamut of antitrust violations. The team has particular expertise in the interplay between antitrust and intellectual property issues in the technology sector, and advises technology companies on issues such as patent pooling and licensing restraints, among other areas. Named attorneys are based in Washington DC except where otherwise indicated.

Steven Sunshine is the global antitrust head at Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom LLP, where the team manages a full range of antitrust matters for US and multinational clients, including merger-related suits, class actions and opt-out cases, and other civil litigation covering the full array of alleged antitrust violations. New York-based Clifford Aronson is the firm’s head of antitrust in North America.

Steven Holley and Yvonne Quinn (both in New York) and Daryl Libow jointly head the practice at Sullivan & Cromwell LLP, which handles follow-on actions arising from criminal antitrust investigations, standalone class actions (where no government investigation is involved) and private inter-competitor litigation. The firm is particularly successful in handling cutting-edge mandates for financial institutions. In a recent highlight, Libow and Amanda Flug Davidoff defended JPMorgan Chase & Co against three silver futures rigging lawsuits brought by silver futures traders. New York-based Richard Pepperman successfully represented Goldman Sachs as a defendant in a class action involving an alleged zinc price-fixing conspiracy. Recently promoted partner Joseph Matelis as well Robert Sacks and Adam Paris in Los Angeles are other key individuals in the team. Unless stated otherwise, named lawyers are based in Washington DC.

Wilson Sonsini Goodrich & Rosati has a particularly outstanding reputation for representing clients in the technology and life sciences sectors, and for advising growth enterprises, financial institutions and private equity houses. The firm provides a full-service offering to its clients and, in the antitrust litigation arena, this extends to all aspects of private antitrust litigation and class actions, as well as contentious merger clearance work. In a notable work highlight, the firm successfully represented Hebei Welcome Pharmaceutical and North China Pharmaceutical Group in a landmark Second Circuit appeal concerning an alleged vitamin C price-fixing conspiracy among Chinese exporters. A central issue in this case was whether the alleged conduct was required by the Chinese government. Another key strength of the practice is in handling litigation involving a combination of antitrust and intellectual property issues. Jonathan Jacobson (New York) and Scott Sher (Washington DC) are among the names to note at the firm. Joshua Wright, who previously served as commissioner of the FTC, joined in Washington DC in 2016.

New firm Arnold & Porter Kaye Scholer LLP has a diverse antitrust practice that benefits from the synergies created through Arnold & Porter LLP’s strengths in litigation and regulatory matters and Kaye Scholer LLP’s particularly strong track record acting for clients in the life sciences sector. Led from Washington DC by Jonathan Gleklen, the combined team handles all types of antitrust litigation for US-headquartered and international clients, such as class actions and MDLs, civil cartel defense (running parallel to government investigations, as well as follow-on actions), merger litigation and private inter-competitor matters. In addition to having a deep bench of standalone antitrust lawyers, the practice is able to call upon the expertise of other departments, and draws work from clients across a multitude of industries. James L Cooper defended CarFax against antitrust claims by 490 car dealers alleging that the client had unlawfully abused a monopoly in the market for vehicle history reports. Mark Merley and New York-based Robert Mason have undertaken a significant amount of work for Visa; recent mandates included representing the client in credit card/debit card tying cases and, separately, defending it in payment card interchange fee and merchant discount antitrust litigation. Former Kaye Scholer antitrust head Saul Morgenstern (New York), Philip Giordano and Claudia Higgins are among other recommended individuals.

Baker & Hostetler LLP’s team acts for plaintiffs and defendants in cases involving the full range of anti-competitive practices. Gregory Commins, practice head Robert Abrams, Robert Brookhiser, Danyll Foix and others represented Caterpillar as one of the co-defendants in litigation involving a number of claims made by the plaintiff (an importer of Chinese-made heavy equipment), including monopolization, exclusive dealing and group boycott. In addition to standalone business-to-business antitrust actions, it assists with class actions and MDLs, as well as contentious merger-related work. John Fornaciari, Robert Disch and Carey Busen are names to note in Washington DC, along with Commins, Abrams, Brookhiser and Foix. New York-based Torello Calvani, who made partner in 2016, and Columbus-based Mark Hatcher are also recommended.

At Crowell & Moring LLP, Shari Ross Lahlou was the lead adviser to DuPont in its successful defense against a lawsuit concerning an alleged price-fixing conspiracy in the titanium dioxide industry. Lahlou also successfully defended Owens & Minor in a tying and exclusive dealing action brought by another competitor. On the plaintiff side, the firm is representing Target Corp and ViewSonic in price-fixing litigation against multiple manufacturers of CRTs. The firm also has an active merger control practice; recent work includes acting as lead counsel to Humana in the DOJ lawsuit connected with the client’s proposed $37bn merger with Aetna. Olivier Antoine, Shawn Johnson and Chahira Solh are among a number of highly regarded individuals in the team, which is spread across offices in Washington DC, New York, Orange County, Los Angeles and San Francisco.

Norton Rose Fulbright US LLP’s team has a wealth of experience acting for plaintiffs and defendants from a broad cross-section of industries in high-profile antitrust disputes. US antitrust practice head Layne Kruse, who splits his time between Washington DC and Houston, led advice to Robert Bosch Tool Corp and parent company Robert Bosch Gmbh, obtaining summary judgment on the eve of the final pre-trial hearing in a case where the plaintiff SawStop had alleged the existence of a group boycott conspiracy. In a separate highlight, Kruse is working with Houston’s Darryl Anderson and San Antonio-based Mario Barrera to represent Christus Health in a highly publicized case arising from an alleged conspiracy among certain hospitals to depress nurses’ wages. HCC Insurance Holdings, Willis-Knighton Health System and Phillips 66 are other notable clients of the practice.

Pillsbury Winthrop Shaw Pittman LLP’s Jacob Sorensen is ‘an excellent lawyer who can manage large litigation whilst keeping track of a myriad of issues’. Like Sorensen, practice head Roxane Polidora is ‘knowledgeable, articulate, responsive and prepared’; both are based in San Francisco. Also recommended is New York’s Fusae Nara, who ‘makes sure the client is fully appraised of all issues and has all the available data within the timeframes specified’. The firm’s extensive practice covers, among other things, patent litigation with attendant antitrust issues, merger clearances and class actions. A key client is Safeway, which the team has been advising on several discrete lawsuits filed by independent retailers over the client’s grocery-based fuel rewards program. In another matter, senior counsel James Dick, who joined the Washington DC office in 2016 from Squire Patton Boggs, represented China Airlines in litigation arising from an alleged price-fixing conspiracy in the airline industry. Lincare Holdings, Sharp Corporation and Bass Pro Shops are among other clients.

Reed Smith LLP handles a full range of contentious antitrust issues for clients from sectors such as manufacturing, healthcare, media and insurance. Daniel Booker, Michelle Mantine and William Sheridan are defending Davis Vision in a lawsuit brought by Acuity Vision, which claims that a requirement that optometrists exclusively use the client’s laboratories to source contact lenses violates federal and state antitrust laws. In another matter, the firm is defending Bayer Corporation in private litigation initiated by a competitor, which alleges that the client unlawfully monopolized the US market for foot-care devices. Debra Dermody leads the mainly Pittsburgh-based team, which was bolstered by the recent arrival of Bruce Blefeld, who joined in Houston from K&L Gates.

Ropes & Gray LLP acts for plaintiffs and defendants in litigation covering the full spectrum of anticompetitive practices, such as tying, price-fixing, monopolization and group boycotts, among others. Washington DC-based practice head Mark Popofsky and Boston’s Jane Willis are defending Hitachi-LG Data Services in various class actions brought by direct and indirect purchasers concerning an optical disk drive price-fixing scheme. The firm has particular strength in healthcare-related antitrust work; notable highlights included acting for Questcor Pharmaceuticals (now part of Mallinckrodt Pharmaceuticals) in Retrophin’s challenge of the client’s acquisition of the rights to Novartis’ Synacthen drug. Chong Park, a notable individual in the Washington DC office, has previous experience serving as a senior attorney at the anti-competitive practices division of the FTC’s Bureau of Competition.

Vinson & Elkins LLP’s Alden Atkins and senior associate Vincent van Panhuys are representing Southwest Airlines and subsidiary AirTran Airways in a ‘first-checked baggage fee’ price-fixing MDL. In another matter, Houston-based Jason Powers and James Reeder and others recently defended Shrimp Improvement Systems against antitrust claims brought by competitor Global Blue Technologies that the client conspired with two foreign entities to attempt to monopolize the shrimp ‘broodstock’ market. Reeder and Craig Seebald jointly head the team, which also counts Hitachi Automotive Systems Americas, Joseph Giraudo and Phadia US among its clients. Named lawyers are based in Washington DC except where indicated otherwise.

Core pillars of Williams & Connolly LLP’s practice include civil litigation associated with criminal antitrust investigations, class actions, MDLs and individual inter-competitor lawsuits. Recent mandates for the Washington DC-based practice have spanned industries such as food and agriculture, pharmaceuticals and life sciences, and financial services. Dane Butswinkas, John Schmidtlein and others recently acted for AstraZeneca in a First Circuit appeal, In Re Nexium (Esomeprazole Magnesium) Antitrust Litigation. In the automotive arena, Schmidtlein and Samuel Bryant Davidoff are representing occupant safety systems manufacturer Takata Corporation in a price-fixing and bid-rigging MDL in the Eastern District of Michigan. Jonathan Pitt, David Zinn, Steven Kuney and Carl Metz are also recommended.


Merger control

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Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton LLP’s ‘exceptionally good advocates’ include David Gelfand, who rejoined the firm from the Department of Justice (DOJ) in 2016, where he played a key role in numerous merger challenges, including acting as the lead litigator in Halliburton/Baker Hughes. Also highly regarded are George Cary and Elaine Ewing, who acted as global antitrust counsel to Dow Chemical in its $130bn merger of equals with DuPont. Mark Nelson assisted Italmobiliare with the merger control aspects of the $4.1bn sale of its Italcementi business to HeidelbergCement. Ewing, Kenneth Reinker and Daniel Culley recently made partner. Leah Brannon, Mark Leddy, Brian Byrne and Jeremy Calsyn are also recommended. All named lawyers are based in Washington DC.

In addition to representing merging entities, Dechert LLP acts for third parties in reviews of, and litigation arising from, high-profile, high-dollar, industry-transforming transactions. Paul Friedman and Michael Weiner, who are based in Washington DC and New York respectively, are acting as lead trial counsel to Monsanto and its Precision Planting equipment business in defending against a DOJ lawsuit seeking to challenge Deere & Co’s proposed $190m acquisition of the latter. In another highlight, Washington DC’s Paul Denis and others acted for GE in the DOJ’s challenge of the proposed $3.3bn sale of GE Appliances to AB Electrolux. American Airlines, Ritchie Brothers, CVS Health and Albertsons are among other clients. Weiner and George Gordon (Philadelphia) jointly lead the team, which also includes recently promoted partner Craig Falls (Washington DC). Ethan Litwin joined in New York from Hughes Hubbard & Reed LLP, Steven Bizar joined in Philadelphia from Buchanan Ingersoll & Rooney, and counsel Gregory Luib joined in Washington DC from the Federal Trade Commission (FTC). Carolyn Hazard departed for Endo Pharmaceuticals.

Clients praise Jones Day, which ‘does not look at merger control in a vacuum, nor is it detached from the broader M&A transaction’. Antitrust head David Wales led a cross-border team that advised Newell Rubbermaid on antitrust issues connected with its $16bn acquisition of Jarden Corporation. The firm also acted as global antitrust coordinating counsel to Procter & Gamble in the $11.4bn sale of 43 beauty brands to Coty Inc. Merger challenges are another strong suit; the firm’s work included defending Aetna’s proposed $37bn acquisition of Humana. Kathryn Fenton, Peter Love and Ryan Thomas are among several names to note, as are recently promoted partners Erin Shencopp in Chicago and Michael Gleason. Kenneth Field is a rising talent. Named attorneys are based in Washington DC except where indicated otherwise.

Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom LLP’s experience working with antitrust agencies worldwide, and its complement of wider cross-practice and cross-network resources, were brought to bear in various multibillion-dollar transactions in 2016. Its highlights included assisting SanDisk with obtaining clearances across multiple jurisdictions in connection with its $19bn acquisition by Western Digital; Washington DC-based global antitrust practice head Steven Sunshine led on the competition aspects of this transaction. In addition, Sunshine and Matthew Hendrickson led a cross-border team which acted as global antitrust counsel to Nokia in its $17.6bn acquisition of Alcatel-Lucent. The firm also has a first-rate reputation in merger reviews and litigation. Clifford Aronson, who heads the antitrust practice in North America, is experienced in acting for clients from a wide range of industries, such as healthcare, technology and retail, among others. Kenneth Schwartz, Maria Raptis and Karen Hoffman Lent are other key figures in the group. Named attorneys are based in New York except where otherwise indicated.

Weil, Gotshal & Manges LLP has ‘an exceptionally strong team in the US’, which is ‘extremely well informed and connected’. Steven Newborn, Steven Bernstein and Brianne Kucerik are ‘particularly good’, according to sources. Recent hire Kevin Arquit, who co-heads the global antitrust practice along with Newborn, joined from Simpson Thacher & Bartlett LLP. New York-based Arquit has previous experience as the former general counsel at the FTC and director of its Bureau of Competition. Other members of the team have also previously served as senior FTC lawyers, including Bernstein, Newborn and Ann Malester. Jeffrey Perry led the FTC’s Merger IV Division. Recent highlights included assisting Allergan with the US and cross-border antitrust aspects of the $39bn sale of its global generic pharmaceuticals business to Teva. In another matter, Malester and Jeff White successfully assisted AbbVie with obtaining FTC clearance (without a second request being issued) for its $5.8bn acquisition of Stemcentrix. Michael Naughton joined as counsel in New York from Simpson Thacher & Bartlett LLP. Named attorneys are based in Washington DC except where indicated otherwise.

Arnold & Porter Kaye Scholer LLP, resulting from the recent merger of Arnold & Porter LLP and Kaye Scholer LLP, is a go-to for complex heavily scrutinized mergers. Jonathan Gleklen, Barbara Wootton and Peter Levitas are acting as lead antitrust counsel to Monsanto in its $66bn takeover by Bayer. In another matter, Richard Rosen is leading the firm’s advice to AT&T on the client’s proposed $85.4bn acquisition of Time Warner. Anthem, GE and Bloomberg are other notable clients. Claudia Higgins, who has vast experience in merger enforcement from her time at the FTC, is a name to note, as are Michael B. Bernstein and Wilson Mudge. All named attorneys are based in Washington DC.

Cravath, Swaine & Moore LLP’s group, which is led by Christine Varney, manages challenging merger clearances for a client roster including names such as Alere, Dreamworks and Mylan. Varney and Peter Barbur are advising TimeWarner on the antitrust aspects of its $108.7m merger with AT&T. Complementing the team’s expertise in providing strategic advice as well as assisting with obtaining regulatory approvals for mergers, it also excels in government-initiated investigations and litigation. In addition to advising Anheuser-Busch InBev on US antitrust issues associated with its $123bn acquisition of SABMiller (and the $12bn divestiture of SABMiller’s US and global Miller-branded businesses to Molson Coors), Yonatan Even also defended the client against a related consumer antitrust suit.

Davis Polk & Wardwell LLP handles investigations of multibillion-dollar transactions before the DOJ, FTC and state attorneys general, and also foreign antitrust authorities. In 2016, Ronan Harty, Jon Leibowitz and Washington DC’s Jesse Solomon advised Syngenta on ChemChina’s proposed $43bn acquisition of the company, having previously defended the client against a takeover by Monsanto. Joel Cohen and Michael Sohn acted for Uber Technologies in the antitrust aspects of Uber China’s $35bn sale to Didi Chuxing. In another matter, Arthur Burke and Neal Potischman are acting for Ingram Micro in its $6bn acquisition by Tianjin Tianhai. Howard Shelanski rejoined the firm in Washington DC from the White House Office of Management and Budget. Named attorneys are based in New York except where indicated otherwise.

Kirkland & Ellis LLP’s team was significantly bolstered by the hire of Matthew Reilly from Simpson Thacher & Bartlett LLP. Reilly combines substantial private practice experience with skills learned during a tenure as head of the FTC’s Merger IV division, where he led on merger investigations and litigation across a broad cross-section of industries. The firm features prominently in some of the largest and most complex transactions, with a particular strength in those involving regulated sectors. In 2016, Mark Kovner and Ian Conner had key roles in Teva Pharmaceuticals’ $40bn acquisition of Allergan’s generics business; according to the FTC, this matter involved the largest pharmaceutical divestiture consent in US history. The team handled other mandates for Micro Focus International, Danaher Corporation and Delta Airlines. Marin Boney as well as New York-based Ian John and Katherine Rocco are other notable individuals. Named attorneys are based in Washington DC except where indicated otherwise.

Latham & Watkins LLP is ‘excellent in every respect’ for merger control work, with its team consistently securing multi-jurisdictional clearances in high-end deals. Michael Egge, who ‘knows what he is talking about’, is working with Amanda Reeves and key hire Farrell Malone (who joined Egge and Reeves in the Washington DC office in 2016 from Arnold & Porter LLP) to assist Agrium Inc with obtaining global regulatory clearance of its $36bn merger with Potash Corporation. In another headline mandate, Egge and the San Francisco-based Daniel Wall and Joshua Holian worked with the Brussels office to obtain clearances in multiple jurisdictions of Avago Technologies’ $37bn acquisition of Broadcom, representing the largest-ever deal in the semiconductor industry. Reeves and San Francisco’s Christopher Yates are global co-chairs of the firm’s antitrust practice. In 2016, counsel Peter Todaro joined in Washington DC from King & Spalding LLP, while partner Michael Lacovara joined in New York from Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer LLP.

In addition to handling its own standalone work, Sidley Austin LLP’s US team is able to leverage its wider international network in complex cross-border transactions. Washington DC-based William Blumenthal is global co-chair of the antitrust practice, along with Joel Mitnick in New York, Marie Fiala in San Francisco and Chicago-based John Treece. In 2016, Blumenthal assisted Keurig Green Mountain with obtaining antitrust clearances for its $13.9bn takeover by JAB. In another highlight, Karen Kazmerzak and Ken Glazer (both Washington DC) worked in a cross-office team that obtained clearances across multiple jurisdictions (with limited remedies) for Recall Holdings in connection with its $2.6bn sale to Iron Mountain. Senior counsel Marc Raven practices in Chicago.

In 2016, Simpson Thacher & Bartlett LLP acted for Tyco International in the antitrust aspects of its $36bn merger with Johnson Controls, which included obtaining multiple cross-border clearances and handling a review before the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS); Peter Thomas led on the CFIUS side of the matter. Another highlight involved representing Office Depot in an FTC lawsuit aiming to block the client’s proposed $6.3bn acquisition by Staples. Sara Razi, Andrew Lacy and New York-based Peter Guryan are recommended practitioners, as is rising talent Abram Ellis. Thomas now heads the antitrust practice following the departures of former group leaders Kevin Arquit and Matthew Reilly, who joined Weil, Gotshal & Manges LLP and Kirkland & Ellis LLP respectively. Named attorneys are based in Washington DC except where indicated otherwise.

Sullivan & Cromwell LLP’s Steven Holley, Daryl Libow and Yvonne Quinn jointly head the firm’s antitrust team, which handles every stage of the merger process for clients from a multitude of sectors. Holley is assisting Bayer with the merger clearance aspects of its $66bn acquisition of Monsanto. In another matter, recently promoted partner Joseph Matelis, based in New York, acted as antitrust counsel to Columbia Pipeline Group in its $13bn acquisition by TransCanada. Los Angeles-based Adam Paris is experienced in handling DOJ and FTC merger investigations. Holley and Quinn are based in New York, while Libow is based in Washington DC.

Merger control is a major area of strength at New York-based Wachtell, Lipton, Rosen & Katz, where the antitrust team covers filings, second request investigations and merger-related litigation. In a recent highlight, Ilene Gotts advised Danone on the antitrust aspects of its $10bn acquisition of WhiteWave Foods. In a separate matter, Gotts represented Faiveley Transport and its subsidiary Faiveley Transport North America in a civil antitrust lawsuit brought by the DOJ challenging the client’s proposed $1.8bn acquisition by Wabtec. Other key partners are Damian Didden (who has previous experience as as a trial attorney at the DOJ’s Antitrust Division), Nelson Fitts and Joseph Larson. Of counsel David Schwartz acts for companies from sectors such as retail, paper and petroleum, among others.

Baker Botts L.L.P.’s highly regarded team, which is led by Stephen Weissman and John Taladay, also includes Sean Boland, who ‘knows how to orchestrate a persuasive presentation to the agencies’ and Paul Cuomo. Also recommended is Joseph Ostoyich, who has ‘excellent recall, in-depth knowledge and exceptionally good judgment’. Recent highlights included advising Boehringer Ingelheim on the antitrust aspects of a complex $12.6bn asset swap transaction with Sanofi, and assisting Liberty Media with obtaining multi-jurisdictional clearances for its $8bn acquisition of Formula One from a consortium of sellers led by CVC. Michael Perry joined the firm in 2016, having previously served as counsel to the director of the FTC’s Bureau of Competition. Stuart Plunkett joined in San Francisco from Morrison & Foerster LLP. Named attorneys are based in Washington DC except where indicated otherwise.

Covington & Burling LLP handles merger control work for clients from a wide variety of industries, particularly in the life sciences arena. James Dean recently worked with members of the Brussels office to handle a series of Hart-Scott-Rodino (HSR) reportable transactions for AstraZeneca. In another highlight, Deborah Garza and San Francisco-based Phillip Warren handled the antitrust aspects of ArcLight Energy Partners Fund VI’s acquisition of Gulf Oil from Cumberland Farms. Thomas Barnett acts for clients such as Disney, Expedia and Eli Lilly. James O’Connell, James Dean and John Graubert are also recommended. Named attorneys are based in Washington DC except where indicated otherwise.

Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer LLP’s team, under the leadership of Paul Yde, is ‘thorough, reliable and pragmatic’. The ‘insightful and responsiveTom Ensign and Bruce McCulloch are particularly highly regarded. A notable feature of the group is its combined government and private practice experience; recently promoted partner Mary Lehner, of counsel Terry Calvani and senior associates Jan Rybnicek and Justin Stewart-Teitelbaum all held senior roles at the FTC. Recent highlights include Yde and Lehner leading on the global merger control aspects of Rexam’s $7.2bn by Ball Corporation. In another matter, Richard Snyder and counsel Robert Schlossberg were part of a cross-border team which assisted Anheuser-Busch InBev with obtaining multi-jurisdictional clearances of its $108bn acquisition of SABMiller. All named attorneys are based in Washington DC.

Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson LLP provides ‘timely and astute advice’ on high-value transactions involving complex antitrust issues. Antitrust chair Bernard Nigro, who splits his time between Washington DC and New York, acted as antitrust counsel to Media General in its recently completed $4.6bn merger with Nexstar. In another highlight, recently promoted New York-based partner Nathaniel Asker advised Permira on antitrust issues associated with its $2.6bn sale of Ancestry.com to Silver Lake and GIC. Washington DC’s Richard Park is another key contact in the group. Other clients include Boulder Brands, Genesys and Goldman Sachs.

Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher LLP’s sizable US and international footprint makes it well positioned to handle the full spectrum of antitrust issues associated with domestic and cross-border transactions. In 2016, Joshua Lipton and Joshua Soven were part of a cross-border team assisting Marriott with obtaining global antitrust clearance of its $13.8bn merger with Starwood. In another matter, Soven and others are acting as global antitrust counsel to St Jude Medical in its $25bn merger with Abbott Laboratories. Eric Stock joined the New York office, having served as chief of the Antitrust Bureau at the New York State Attorney General’s office. Scott Hammond, Dallas- and Washington DC-based Sean Royall, New York’s Peter Sullivan and Los Angeles’s Daniel Swanson co-chair the practice. Counsel Andrew Cline specializes in HSR filings. Cynthia Richman is a rising talent. Unless otherwise stated, named attorneys are based in Washington DC. Since publication, Joel Sanders has retired.

At Hogan Lovells US LLP, a cross-office team led by Washington DC-based Janet McDavid and London-based Suyong Kim recently acted as US and EU antitrust counsel to SABMiller in its takeover by Anheuser-Busch InBev, which represented the fourth-largest transaction in corporate history. In another highlight, Logan Breed is a key adviser to Aeromexico in a second request investigation into the client’s proposed alliance with Delta Airlines. Other contacts are Rachel Brandenburger (New York), Robert Robertson, Robert Leibenluft and Leigh Oliver. Meghan Rissmiller made partner. Unless otherwise stated, named attorneys are based in Washington DC.

Mayer Brown’s team includes William Stallings, Mark Ryan and counsel Meytal McCoy, who acted for Virgin America in a DOJ investigation into its proposed sale to Alaska Airlines. Stallings and Ryan are also key advisers to CNH Industrial as an intervenor in both DOJ-initiated litigation and a parallel review that is being conducted by Brazilian antitrust agency CADE, associated with Deere & Co’s proposed acquisition of Precision Planting from Monsanto. Robert Bloch, Adrian Steel and Scott Perlman are other key contacts. All named lawyers are based in Washington DC.

McDermott Will & Emery LLP recently hired ex-DOJ lawyer Mary Strimel, who has previous experience in investigating and litigating mergers within the Antitrust Division’s Networks and Technology Enforcement Section. Raymond Jacobsen leads the group, which has a particularly standout reputation in healthcare and hospital mergers. In 2016, among several matters, Stephen Wu (Chicago), Jeffrey Brennan and Carla Hine assisted Hackensack University Medical Center with the antitrust aspects of its merger with Meridian Health, and also with Banner Health’s acquisition of Mogollon Health Alliance. Jon Dubrow, Joel Grosberg, William Diaz (Orange County) and Michelle Lowery (Chicago) are recommended. Unless otherwise stated, named attorneys are based in Washington DC.

Morgan, Lewis & Bockius LLP’s team, which is jointly led by Steven Reed in Philadelphia and Darren Tucker, assists clients with filing HSR pre-merger notifications, FTC/DOJ investigations and obtaining non-US merger clearances, among other matters. In 2016, Scott Stempel and New York’s Harry Robins acted as lead US antitrust counsel to Pfizer in its proposed merger with Allergan, which included representing the client in an FTC investigation into the deal. Google, Qualcomm and Uber are other blue-chip clients. Tucker, Jonathan Rich, Willard Tom and Hill Wellford all have previous senior-level federal agency experience. Unless otherwise stated, named attorneys are based in Washington DC.

O’Melveny & Myers LLP excels in investigations into high-profile, high-stakes multibillion-dollar deals, with strengths in particularly heavily scrutinized sectors such as airlines and pharmaceuticals. A team including Richard Parker, Ben Bradshaw, Kenneth O’Rourke (Los Angeles) and Courtney Dyer assisted Alaska Airlines with obtaining DOJ approval of its proposed $4bn acquisition of Virgin America. In other highlights, the firm acted as litigation counsel to Halliburton in its proposed $28bn acquisition of Baker Hughes, and acted as co-counsel to Humana in a DOJ lawsuit challenging its proposed $37bn merger with Aetna. Ted Hassi, Michael Antalics and Katrina Robson are recommended. Named attorneys are based in Washington DC except where indicated otherwise.

Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison LLP’s diverse practice spans advisory work, pre-merger filings and second request investigations, as well as merger litigation. Moses Silverman and Aidan Synnott acted for Pace Plc in the DOJ’s investigation into the client’s proposed $2.1bn takeover by ARRIS, which was cleared in December 2015. In 2016, the sizable team was strengthened by the arrival in Washington DC of partners Charles Rule, Joseph Bial, Andrew Forman, Jonathan Kanter and a group of other lawyers from Cadwalader, Wickersham & Taft LLP. Rule and Kanter are currently handling various antitrust matters for Monsanto arising from its $66bn takeover by Bayer, which recently included a regulatory review and a Senate Judiciary Committee hearing. Joseph Simons (Washington DC) and Jacqueline Rubin are other notable individuals. Unless otherwise stated, named attorneys are based in New York.

The Washington DC-based team at White & Case LLP has top-notch capabilities in defending clients from a wide variety of industries against FTC/DOJ investigations into proposed and completed M&A and joint venture deals. Global antitrust chair Mark Gidley, a former acting assistant attorney general at the DOJ’s Antitrust Division, worked with George Paul, Rebecca Farrington and others to represent Anthem in litigation brought by the DOJ challenging the client’s proposed $54bn acquisition of Cigna. In 2016, the firm successfully assisted Zimmer Biomet with the merger clearance aspects of its $1bn acquisition of LDR Holding. Noah Brumfield, who practices in Silicon Valley, has a particular focus on technology sector mergers. Also recommended is recently promoted partner John Donaldson.

Active in antitrust work across a variety of industries, Wilson Sonsini Goodrich & Rosati has particular strengths in areas such as technology and life sciences. In 2016, Scott Sher and Ben Labow acted as antitrust counsel to Brocade in its $5.9bn takeover by Broadcom. Sher also acted for FanDuel in an FTC investigation associated with its merger with DraftKings, and also worked with Jamillia Ferris in the advice to NetSuite on competition issues connected with its $9.3bn acquisition of Oracle. Susan Creighton has previous experience serving as a director at the FTC’s Bureau of Competition.

Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld LLP recently strengthened its merger control capabilities with the additions in Washington DC of Corey Roush and Gorav Jindal from Hogan Lovells US LLP and Dechert LLP respectively. Roush and Jindal are both experienced in representing clients in FTC/DOJ reviews of proposed and consummated mergers; the latter has particular expertise in antitrust issues connected with the pharmaceuticals sector. Practice head Paul Hewitt led a team that represented Enterprise Products in an FTC investigation into its merger with Oiltanking Partners. In 2015, Ed Pagano advised the CEO of Anheuser-Busch InBev Carlos Brito on a Senate subcommittee hearing concerning the company’s proposed takeover of SABMiller, and also provided strategic advice on a DOJ review. Fairley Spillman is also recommended.

Cooley LLP has a strong track record in helping clients avoid second requests for information from government agencies. In a recent highlight, antitrust chair Jacqueline Grise assisted Snyder’s-Lance with obtaining clearance of its acquisition of Snack Factory/Pretzel Crisps from Diamond Foods without a second request being issued by the FTC. The firm has a particularly notable following of pharmaceutical and life sciences clients, including Medivation, Pathology, Horizon Pharma and Jazz Pharmaceuticals. Howard Morse, Marc Schildkraut and Francis Fryscak (San Francisco) are recommended. Named attorneys are based in Washington DC except where indicated otherwise.

Debevoise & Plimpton LLP’s New York-based group is led by Gary Kubek and Daniel Abuhoff, who provide ‘very situation-specific advice, based on a strong commercial understanding of markets and how the regulators would view potential issues’. Kubek is working with the London and Moscow offices to assist Dover Corporation with obtaining multi-jurisdictional approvals for its $780m acquisition of Wayne Fueling Systems. Michael Schaper and counsel Kyra Bromley are other contacts.

Linklaters LLP’s Jeff Schmidt, based in Washington DC, is ‘an excellent advocate for his clients, especially in front of the federal agencies’. The firm’s global platform puts it on a strong footing in multi-jurisdictional investigations; New York-based Thomas McGrath is working with the Düsseldorf and London offices to assist Deutsche Börse with obtaining US and EU clearances for its proposed €21bn merger with the London Stock Exchange Group. Novartis, BP and The Linde Group are other notable clients. New York-based Douglas Tween is also recommended.

Stephen Smith heads Morrison & Foerster LLP’s Washington DC-based practice, where merger review work spans industries such as hi-tech, transport and telecoms. In a high-profile matter, Jonathan Gowdy, David Meyer, Roxann Henry and David Cross are acting as lead trial counsel to Deere & Co in litigation arising from the client’s proposed acquisition of Monsanto’s Precision Planting equipment business, where the deal has been challenged by the DOJ. In another matter, Jeff Jaeckel and members of the Brussels and Tokyo offices advised Softbank on antitrust issues associated with its £24bn acquisition of ARM Holdings. Michael Miller (New York) and Bradley Lui are other names to note.

The Washington DC-based team at Norton Rose Fulbright US LLP handles a full range of antitrust issues arising from high-value, domestic and cross-border transactions. Daniel Wellington and Neely Agin worked with the Brussels office to assist ROFIN-SINAR Technologies with the US and EU competition aspects of its $942m takeover by Coherent. Wellington and Agin also acted as antitrust counsel to Mattress Firm in its $780m acquisition of Sleepy’s. David Foster is another notable individual in the team, which is led by Layne Kruse.

Ropes & Gray LLP’s workload spans multiple industries, including healthcare, pharmaceuticals and information technology. In addition to filing HSR notifications, the group coordinates multi-jurisdictional clearances and assists with investigations initiated by the FTC/DOJ/state attorneys general. Counsel Deirdre Johnson in Boston and Michael McFalls in Washington DC acted as antitrust counsel to Shire Plc in its $32bn acquisition of Baxalta. The pair also acted for Bain Capital in various matters, including its $220m sale of Blackhawk Specialty Tools to Frank’s International. Washington DC-based Jonathan Klarfeld is a seasoned merger enforcement expert, having previously spent 13 years at the FTC’s Bureau of Competition.

Shearman & Sterling LLP’s US team operates alongside practitioners in London, Frankfurt and Brussels in high-value, high-stakes cross-border transactions involving a wide range of complex antitrust issues. Jessica Delbaum, who is ‘knowledgeable about what to expect early on in the transaction’, worked with the London office to assist Investcorp with obtaining multi-jurisdictional clearances for its $1.08bn sale of Icopal to GAF. Corning, B/E Aerospace and Thomson Reuters are among other clients of the practice. New York-based Delbaum and Washington DC-based Heather Kafele head the US team, following the departure of former antitrust co-head Beau Buffier, who became chief of the New York State Attorney General’s Antitrust Bureau. Recently promoted counsel Kelly Karapetyan is an expert in US HSR and international pre-merger notification requirements.

Vinson & Elkins LLP is ‘excellent on all fronts’ for merger review work. Neil Imus combines ‘deep experience in HSR filings and antitrust concerns’ with ‘a very measured approach to a tough negotiation’. William Vigdor is another highly regarded individual in the team, which is jointly headed by Craig Seebald and James Reeder. Imus assisted LSB Industries with the antitrust aspects of the $364m sale of its climate control business to NIBE Industrier. Vigdor and Seebald are based in Washington DC, and Reeder is based in Houston.

WilmerHale represents clients before government agencies and US courts in merger investigations and litigation, both in support of and in opposition to corporate transactions. The firm’s work also includes negotiating merger clearances outside of the US. Molly Boast (New York), Hartmut Schneider, James Lowe and Heather Tewksbury (Palo Alto) are acting as antitrust counsel to Baker Hughes in its proposed merger with General Electric. Perry Lange and Leon Greenfield are other notable practitioners in Thomas Mueller’s largely Washington DC-based team.

Bracewell LLP’s antitrust head Daniel Hemli in New York and counsel Jacqueline Java in Washington DC are key contacts at the firm, for which energy-related matters are the mainstay of its merger control work. A recent highlight included handling a DOJ investigation and providing other antitrust advice to Great Plains Energy regarding its $12.6bn acquisition of Westar Energy. The team also advised Alinda Capital Partners and its co-seller on the competition aspects of the proposed $1.89bn sale of SourceGas Holdings to Black Hills.

Reflective of Orrick, Herrington & Sutcliffe LLP’s standout reputation in the technology sector, in 2016, Alex Okuliar assisted AVG Technologies with antitrust issues arising from its $1.3bn takeover by Avast. In another matter, Garret Rasmussen, Antony Kim and James Tierney (a recent hire from the DOJ) are acting for IronPlanet in its $758m sale to Ritchie Brothers. The firm’ non-tech sector work currently includes advising private investment fund Blackfriars (the owner of several plastics distributor brands) on the competition aspects of its acquisition of Polymershapes from SABIC. San Francisco-based Robert Rosenfeld heads the team; other named lawyers are based in Washington DC.


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      The importance and feasibility of crowdfunding platforms is increasing in stature and importance for current and future the entrepreneurs. Malta has recently acceded to the rising trend by creating its first crowdfunding platform, ZAAR, a reward-based crowdfunding platform who has recently been awarded with the first prize in its section at the National Enterprise Support Awards 2016 also as well as being one of the local projects that have represented Malta at the European Enterprise Promotion Awards 2016, held in Slovakia. Nonetheless start-ups based in Malta with global aspirations often rely on international platforms. An increase in interest has emerged amongst the art and culture community as well in social entrepreneurship projects. Crowdfunding in Malta is still at the early stages of development. Despite this, there are endless opportunities for local entrepreneurs and the local business community. Research has shown that through international crowdfunding platforms, monies have been raised for projects in the field of gaming consoles, apps and software as well as for artistic projects.  Testimony to this is a new game design studio in Malta, that launched its first game, Politicks, raised financing through the crowdfunding platform Indiegogo.

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