Energy: regulatory in Netherlands

Allen & Overy LLP

Allen & Overy LLP is able to draw on its global network to handle energy and climate change matters. It has a strong capability undertaking regulatory work in relation to the development of energy projects. Renewables are a strong area of focus, and the practice is frequently involved in matters concerning offshore and onshore wind parks, solar parks, geothermal and biomass developments. It also offers regulatory advice to utilities companies. Marinus Winters has deep knowledge of competition law and the regulatory aspects of electricity and gas markets. He co-heads the team with Leon Hoppenbrouwers, Werner Runge and Zeeger de Jongh.

Practice head(s):

Leon Hoppenbrouwers; Werner Runge; Zeeger de Jongh; Marinus Winters

Other key lawyers:

Tjarda van der Vijver

Key clients





Gate terminal

TAQA Energy



Landesbank Baden-Württemberg

Ørsted (formerly DONG)











Sumitomo Mitsui Banking


Green Investment Group


Work highlights

  • Advising Uniper on the forced shut-down of its coal- fired power plant located on the Maasvlakte (Port of Rotterdam), as well as the decision to stop the development of a pilot CCS project.
  • Assisting Vattenfall with an investigation by the Dutch Energy Regulator (ACM) in relation to consumer protection.
  • Acting as lenders legal advisers in relation to the development, contracting and financing of SwifterwinT’s wind farm in Flevoland, the Netherlands.

De Brauw Blackstone Westbroek

De Brauw Blackstone Westbroek leverages its international reach to handle cross-border transactions, disputes and regulatory enforcement matters. The firm was one of the first to play an active role in emissions trading and climate change, and remains at the forefront of market developments. Practice head Nicolien Van Den Biggelaar focuses on energy transition and climate change issues, and acts for domestic and international companies, and state-owned enterprises. Counsel Arjan Kleinhout specialises in energy sector regulation. Bregje Korthals Altes left for YSQUARE B.V..

Practice head(s):

Nicolien van den Biggelaar; Menno Stoffer

Other key lawyers:

Arjan Kleinhout; Marnix Leijten; Martje Verhoeven-de Vries Lentsch; Matthias Kuscher; Claire van der Hoeven


‘Very good knowledge of the sector’s regulatory framework and capacity to get into technical detail.’

‘Arjan Kleinhout has the capacity to master technical matters quickly and in a detailed manner’.

‘Arjan Kleinhout has great flexibility and availability’.

‘De Brauw Blackstone Westbroek B.V. is an outstanding, high-profile firm operating at the very top in the Netherlands’.

‘Their attorneys guarantee a combination of high legal quality, due care and focus on solutions’.

‘If you are a client looking for truly high-end treatment of a case involving energy law, De Brauw is an excellent choice’.

‘Nicolien van den Biggelaar is an expert in all areas, including the construction of high-voltage lines’.

‘Nicolien van den Biggelaar has extensive legal knowledge and knows how to turn this knowledge into creative solutions without ever losing sight of the ultimate objective’.

Key clients


Porthos – consortium of Port of Rotterdam, EBN and Gasunie

Shell Malaysia

Port of Rotterdam

Kallista Energy

Shell International


Impax Asset Management Ltd

Shareholders of Eneco

Westermeerwind – Wind farm managed by Ventolines

NEA / Gemeenschappelijke Kernenergiecentrale Nederland (GKN)

Stichting voorbereiding PALLAS reactor

Royal Vopak

Gate Terminal

Vestas Wind Systems A/S

Coöperatieve Rabobank U.A.

Work highlights

  • Advising the consortium of Port of Rotterdam, EBN and Gasunie on the the Porthos CCUS project .
  • Advising TenneT as lead counsel on multibillion Euro energy developments in Europe involving regulatory, planning and environmental matters and financing issues, and extensive litigation.
  • Representing Shell in unprecedented climate change litigation involving the first mass claim brought in the Netherlands.

Loyens & Loeff

Loyens & Loeff has a broad sector focus, which includes oil and gas, power and utilities, and renewables. It has worked on cases that have helped shape the tax and regulatory environment, making it well-placed to handle dispute resolution matters. Roland de Vlam is noted for his energy regulatory and mining law expertise, with a focus on offshore wind and solar; he is a seasoned litigator. He co-heads the practice with Jan-Willem van Rooij. Max Oosterhuis is recommended for Dutch and EU energy law matters.

Practice head(s):

Jan-Willem van Rooij; Roland de Vlam

Other key lawyers:

Max Oosterhuis


‘The team is excellent and one of a kind in the Netherlands’.

‘The team has the ability to provide advice which no other team in the Netherlands can provide’.

‘Roland de Vlam provides clear and to-the-point advice’.

‘They are able to translate significant complicated technical and economic issues into transparent summarised legal letters’.

‘Knowledge of complicated regulatory issues combined with state of the art legal knowhow’.

Key clients



European Energy Exchange (EEX)



Province of Fryslân

NS Stations


Pure Energie





Astronergy / Chint





Havenbedrijf Rotterdam

Lightsource BP

Work highlights

  • Successfully represented Liander N.V. in its proceedings against the regulator ACM before the highest administrative court on the obligation of network operators to connect a solar park.
  • Representing Stedin, Liander and Enexis (the three largest distribution system operators in the Netherlands) in multiple legal proceedings and disputes on the removal costs of obsolete gas connections which are being replaced by central heat connections in light of the energy transition.
  • Assisted Stedin Netbeheer B.V. with legal proceedings concerning the conditions of obtaining/taking over of a private energy grid of Rendant Parknet Beheer including the establishment of the value of the private energy grids.

Pels Rijcken & Droogleever Fortuijn NV

Pels Rijcken & Droogleever Fortuijn NV is well known for its representation of the Dutch government and local municipalities, but also acts for large private companies, including energy producers, suppliers and traders, and energy project developers. Its continued success in the regulatory sphere is driven by its experienced practitioners, who focus on climate change and energy transition. Practice head Iman Brinkman specialises in energy law and policy, and is noted for his litigation experience in civil and administrative matters.

Practice head(s):

Iman Brinkman

Other key lawyers:

Edward Brans; Lianne Barnhoorn


‘Pels Rijcken’s energy team is made up of specialists working in the various sectors, including real estate, spatial planning and competition law’.

‘The team members share a special predilection for energy law within their field of expertise’.

‘The team is able to advise you promptly on the most complex energy law issues’.

‘The team is characterised by its accessible “no-nonsense” attitude’.

‘The energy team is up to date with the latest legislation and jurisprudence’.

‘Iman Brinkman, as team leader, is better equipped than anyone to understand the broad legal scope of the energy field’.

‘Iman Brinkman is an extremely strategic consultant’.

‘High quality service, very involved, personal and sympathetic’.

Key clients



Lundin Petroleum

Dutch Energy Regulator – ACM



Essent / Innogy

Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate Policy

Ministry of Finance

Municipality of The Hague

Municipality of Rotterdam

Province of Zuid-Holland


Royal Dutch Shell

Province of Gelderland

Province of Noord-Brabant

Municipality of Haarlem

Work highlights

  • Advising and representing Dutch Transmission System Operator TenneT in civil proceedings in which semiconductor manufacturer NXP claimed back amounts paid in relation to connection and transportation services TenneT has rendered over the past 12 years.
  • Representing gas and electricity supply company Essent, an innogy subsidiary, in regulatory litigation against Pull, a manufacturer of acoustic insulation materials.
  • Representing Dutch TSO TenneT in regulatory and administrative litigation against paper production company Crown Van Gelder, inter alia before the European Court of Justice.


Stek's energy and utilities practice offers a combination of regulatory, transactional and financing expertise. It continues to advise electricity and gas distribution companies on a broad range of regulatory matters and business-critical issues. The team is at the forefront of regulatory developments and often represents clients before the Dutch regulatory authority in the Administrative High Court for Trade and Industry. Practice head Jan Erik Janssen acts for international and national energy household names on administrative and civil litigation matters.

Practice head(s):

Jan Erik Janssen; Reijnoud Homveld; Jeroen Timmermans; Herman Wamelink; Sharon Kaufmann

Other key lawyers:

Stephanie Dielemans; Patou Courtens


‘Stek’s energy and utilities team has extensive knowledge and experience of energy law and has considerable strength in energy regulatory litigation’.

‘Jan Erik Janssen and his team are excellent lawyers, fast and thorough in writing and very strong in court’.

‘Jan Erik Janssen and Stephanie Dielemans are an excellent team, they really reinforce each other’.

‘They always deliver excellent work on time, even in a last-minute situation’.

‘Great knowledge of the electricity and gas industry’.

‘Stephanie Dielemans is an excellent lawyer in court’.

‘Very experienced in energy law, with a strategic overview of the whole field’.

‘Jan Erik Janssen is easy to reach, gives quick and practical advice verbally when needed and is a good litigator’.

Key clients







Netbeheer Nederland



Tata Steel

Work highlights

  • Representing energy distribution company Enexis in a breakthrough case on allocation of scarce transport capacity.
  • Representation of regional energy companies – through representative organisation Netbeheer Nederland – to change the current tariff regime and shape the future one.
  • Ongoing representation of PZEM in a first of its kind Remit sanction procedure.


With a strong focus on the energy sector, AKD’s multidisciplinary team has recently been working on improving the sustainability of real estate, heating networks and sustainable heat sources, solar projects and offshore energy solutions. The practice stands out for its broad knowledge in the field of regulatory and public law. The team is led by Marjolein Dieperink, who specialises in advising energy companies, developers of energy projects, investors and governments on the regulatory aspects of energy projects and related litigation.

Practice head(s):

Marjolein Dieperink

Other key lawyers:

Jan Kromhout; Julian Versmissen; Lennart Crain


‘Extensive and strong negotiations skills’.

‘The direct, close and open-minded skills to seek for the pro-cons risk analysis of every topic in discussion’

‘Julian Versmissen is a fantastic lawyer and even better dealer, always thinking in the pros and cons and the potential risks or benefits on selecting a certain negotiation path’.

Key clients





Volker Wessels

Stichting Sint Trudo



Work highlights

  • Advised a consortium of investment banks and energy producers on submitting a proposal to a Dutch offshore wind tender.
  • Advised Eteck B.V. on various regulatory matters including those relating to various heat network projects, including procurement, competition law, the Dutch Heat Act & Dutch Electricity Act.
  • Providing multidisciplinary assistance to Verbrugge International B.V. on a large scale solar PV project on a terminal roof in Rotterdam.


Houthoff has a full-service energy and utilities practice, which handles transactions, regulatory matters and dispute resolution. Drawing on the expertise of its banking and finance and corporate teams, the firm undertakes mandates from energy companies, suppliers, producers, investors, large energy consumers, banks and government bodies. Practice head Kristen Berger is recommended for her experience of commercial contracts in the regulated energy market, which includes PPAs and gas capacity contracts.

Practice head(s):

Kirsten Berger

Other key lawyers:

Marc van Beuge


‘Very competent team’.

Key clients




Port of Rotterdam

Corre Energy

Plastic Energy



Van Oord



Work highlights

  • Advising Heineken on various individual projects worldwide to support its ‘drop the C programme’, including negotiating with Iberdrola in respect of a dedicated solar installation to be constructed by Iberdrola for exclusive supply to Heineken in Spain.
  • Advising NRG on its intended sale by means of a controlled auction of its subsidiary (ECN Wind Energy Facilities) holding a stake in onshore wind farm ‘Wieringermeer’.
  • Acting for EBN and Port of Rotterdam, two of the three project partners, on the construction and operation of the first large-scale, commercial offshore carbon capture and storage (CCS) facility in the Netherlands, making use of depleted gas fields on the Dutch continental shelf.

Norton Rose Fulbright

Norton Rose Fulbright's multidisciplinary team is well-regarded for its expertise in the renewables, upstream and energy infrastructure spaces. It draws on the knowledge of practitioners in its infrastructure, tax, environment, safety and planning and litigation groups. Practice head Wouter Hertzberger focuses on project finance, asset finance and restructuring in the energy and infrastructure sector. Matthijs van Leeuwen, who is recommended for domestic and international projects, is active in offshore and onshore wind projects, as well as energy storage developments.

Practice head(s):

Wouter Hertzberger

Other key lawyers:

Matthijs van Leeuwen

Key clients

Ballast Nedam


British Petroleum

Bluescape Resources

Denham Capital




IBVogt GmbH

ING Bank

NOP Agrowind



Sete Brasil Participacoes SA


Windpark Krammer BV

World Fuel Services

Energy Storage Netherlands

In Credible



Green investment fund Ltd


Work highlights

  • Advised soil project developer Sunrock on the tender for the development of solar project Lanakerveld in Maastricht, this included spatial planning issues, environmental assessment reports, and soil inventory reports.
  • Advised a consortium consisting of Green Investment Group and Ballast Nedam Concessies on the tender procedure for the Windfarm Maasvlakte 2 project, this included construction and maintenance matters as well as land rights and permitting/environmental issues.
  • Advising RWE Eemshaven Holding II B.V. on all permits and licences required for the installation of a 1600 MW coal fired power plant in Eemshaven, Groningen


Stibbe’s energy and industry group is well-known for its transactional practice and its regulatory work is often integrated in transactional projects. It covers a broad range of regulatory matters, including those relating to development and finance, M&A, corporate reorganisations, and asset acquisitions and disposals. Gas sector regulation is a key area of focus, alongside energy and CO₂ taxes, and climate change policy. Team head Martin In de Braekt acts for sponsors, developers, contractors and lenders.

Practice head(s):

Martin In de Braekt

Other key lawyers:

Anna Collignon; Li Wee Toh; Valérie van ‘t Lam; Neeltje Walgemoed; Victor van Campen


‘Very knowledgeable, one of the best wind regulatory teams in The Netherlands’.

‘They are truly part of the deal teams, so have a good feeling for the transaction’s dynamics and can give well-informed and concise timely advise during the course of a transaction’.

‘Martin in de Braekt is one of the experts and both a transactional and regulatory lawyer’.

‘Martin in de Braekt always radiates positive energy, ambition and trust that he will defend your interests and will get the deal done’.

‘Very commercial and know the sector extremely well’.

‘Neeltje Walgemoed is an associate who is very pleasant to work with and very knowledgeable in wind energy regulations’.

‘Excellent understanding of the energy market and political landscape’.

‘Good understanding of the business which allow them to not only give a legal opinion but also a business opinion’.

Key clients

Air Liquide





Eurus Energy Europe

GE Renewable Energy

Gunvor Petroleum


Northland Power Inc.






W2C (Waste-to-Chemistry) consortium (Air Liquide, Nouryon, Enerkem, Port of Rotterdam, Shell)

Windpark Fryslan


Work highlights

  • Advised the consortium of Air Liquide, Enerkem, Nouryon and the Port of Rotterdam in respect of the participation of Shell as equity partner in the waste to chemistry (W2C) project in Rotterdam.
  • Advising the management and supervisory board of Windpark Fryslân in respect of various matters in relation to financial close, which took place on 1 October 2019.
  • Advising Eurus Energy Europe on the acquisition and development of various onshore wind farms in the Netherlands such as Deil, Vermeer, Mauve and Mondriaan, including all regulatory aspects.

Van der Feltz Advocaten

Van der Feltz Advocaten's team, which has ‘excellent knowledge of energy law’, is sought out for advice on planning, permitting, tariff regulation, CO₂ emissions and the environmental issues of energy projects. It is at the cutting edge of public affairs and regulatory issues, and often cooperates with large international law firms. Jacques Sluysmans is knowledgeable about the market of cables and pipelines. He co-heads the practice with Michelle de Rijke, who has a strong focus on energy transition matters.

Practice head(s):

Jacques Sluysmans; Michelle de Rijke

Other key lawyers:

Willem Bosma


‘Excellent knowledge of energy law, they give good advice’.

‘Personal relationship, very customer-oriented, not only advice on demand, but also providing new information’.

‘A high-level of knowledge combined with a good and practical service’.

‘Michelle de Rijke not only has a very good knowledge of the subject matters at stake, but also has a widespread network of people within the regulatory scope that helps to solve matters’.

‘Michelle de Rijke is very knowledgeable, pleasant to work with and has a lot of experience’.

‘Michelle de Rijke is always very pleasant to work with, respectful and patient’.

Key clients

N.V. Nederlandse Gasunie

Stedin Netbeheer B.V.

ONE-Dyas B.V.


Enexis Netbeheer B.V.

Nederlandse Aardolie Maatschappij B.V.

NOGEPA (Netherlands Oil and Gas Exploration and Production Association)

Vermilion Energy Netherlands

Water companies: Brabant Water, Dunea, Evides, Waterbedrijf Groningen

Vewin (the national association of water companies in the Netherlands)

Vattenfall N.V.

Air Products (global producer of industrial gases and chemical products)

ENGIE Group (global energy production and supply company)

Uniper (German energy company with coal and gas fired plants and heat supply)

Ørsted (global renewable energy company)


Neptune Energy

Netbeheer Nederland (industry organisation of grid companies)

Cogas (network company)

Chint Solar Nederland Projecten (part of global solar company Chint Group)

Rendant (private grid company)

Province of South Holland

Work highlights

  • Assisting Vattenfall in obtaining compensation of EUR 52.5m for  the enforced closure of the coal-fired Hemweg power plant.
  • Assisting Netbeheer Nederland (industry organisation of grid companies) to secure their position under the upcoming Act for collective heating supply systems.
  • Representing Vermilion Energy Netherlands in several proceedings at the Council of State with regard to appeals lodged against their extraction plans.

Baker McKenzie

Baker McKenzie's team has expertise in the regulatory aspects of domestic and cross-border transactions in the power, renewables, climate change, oil and gas and infrastructure sectors. It generates mandates from companies, governments, public authorities and financiers. John Paans co-heads the group with Juliana Dantas, who is the global tax liaison for the firm’s energy, mining and infrastructure group.

Practice head(s):

John Paans; Juliana Dantas

Other key lawyers:

Koen Bos; Valérie van den Berg; Lin Yuen; Adinda Karperien; Wouter Diederen

Key clients




Gazprom Neft


Intrum Nederlands

Koolen Industries

Work highlights

  • Advised Koolen Industries on a multimillion euro investment in Hardt Hyperloop.
  • Advised Schneider Electric The Netherlands in its dispute against electrical grid manager Westland Infra Netbeheer.
  • Representing Shell on a dispute against The State of the Netherlands which relates to road bitumen.

Biesheuvel Jansen advocaten

Biesheuvel Jansen advocaten is noted for its energy transactional work and also advises on the regulatory aspects of transactions and projects. It focuses on the renewables space, and in particular onshore and offshore wind parks, biomass and biogas plants and solar parks. Practice head Rutger Jansen counts ENGIE Energie Nederland, Prowind and BayWa r.e as key clients.

Practice head(s):

Rutger Jansen

Other key lawyers:

Inge Timmerman

Key clients


BayWa r.e.





Rooftop Energy

Windpark Koningspleij

Zonnepark Broekstraat

Work highlights

  • Advising Windpark Koningspleij on the development, financing and construction of a 13 MW wind park in the Netherlands.
  • Advising BayWa r.e. in respect of entering into a pipeline partnership with Edelweiss, a developer of onshore wind parks in the Netherlands.
  • Advising Prowind and Zonnepark Broekstraat in respect of the development, financing and construction of a 19 MWp solar park in the Netherlands.


CMS' multidisciplinary energy and climate change group has a strong focus on the renewables sector, where it is known for advising on the acquisition, development and financing of renewable energy projects. It has particular expertise in power purchase agreements (PPAs) for wind, solar PV and biomass projects. Practice head Cecilia van der Weijden has over 20 years of experience.

Practice head(s):

Cecilia van der Weijden

Other key lawyers:

Martika Jonk


‘The team is highly capable, with a wide range of knowledge on regulatory practice.’

‘Cecilia van der Weijden manages to find practical legal solutions to very time-consuming contracts’.

‘The team is reachable at any time, they provide great legal advice and fast responses on the job needed’.

‘Cecilia van der Weijden has deep knowledge and is the best value for money among the competitors’.

‘Cecilia van der Weijden is very practical and can close a deal in a shorter time than you expect’.

Key clients






SUSI Partners


AEB (Afval Energie Bedrijf Amsterdam)

Aquila Capital

Enercon GmbH










De Meerlanden





Trio Investment

Work highlights

  • Advised commercial real estate investment company Aroundtown on making its Dutch real estate portfolio sustainable (including advising on energy regulatory and tax implications).
  • Advised De Meerlanden on the development of a biomass plant and heat infrastructure for the supply of heat to commercial real estate located in the Schiphol area.
  • Advised Ford with respect to the sale of electricity by electric vehicle charging points in the Netherlands.


The energy team at Dentons takes a holistic approach to regulatory matters, leveraging the expertise of its corporate, project finance, projects, environment, regulatory, construction and tax groups. With a focus on renewables, the practice is active in wind, solar, and biomass projects. The Amsterdam group utilises Libryo technology to keep track of changing regulations across multiple jurisdictions. Jan Jakob Peelen heads up the team, which includes David Shearer, who made partner in 2020. David Griston left for an in-house role at Bouncebackability.

Practice head(s):

Jan Jakob Peelen

Other key lawyers:

Dieuwke Kis; David Shearer


‘David Shearer always tried to make himself available and provided relevant advice and feedback’.

‘Excellent know-how and longstanding relationships with the relevant authorities’.

‘Jan Jakob Peelen is a nice guy and very competent lawyer for difficult cases’.

‘Realistic and calm approach’.

‘Responsive also during the evening and weekends’.

Key clients

BNG Bank

Bluefield Partners


Eurus Energy


Stichting Groenfonds

Tamoil Nederland



Triodos Investment Management


Work highlights

  • Defending RWE in regulatory enforcement procedures and court litigation initiated by non-governmental organizations, in relation to its current process of converting a Dutch coal-fired power plant, Amer, into a biomass plant after the Dutch state earlier approved large subsidies for the plant over an eight-year period.
  • Advised BNG Bank on a range of wind and biomass projects.
  • Assisted Bluefield with the acquisition, development and financing of a ground mounted solar park.

Eversheds Sutherland (Netherlands) B.V.

Eversheds Sutherland (Netherlands) B.V. is active in the wind, solar, heating, cleantech and biomass spaces. It has been particularly active in relation to regulatory advice on grid connection, private grids and grid capacity. The practice is jointly led by Miriam van Ee and Michel Chatelin. Pim van Leersum joined from De Brauw Blackstone Westbroek.

Practice head(s):

Miriam van Ee; Michel Chatelin

Other key lawyers:

Pim van Leersum; Paul Goedvolk; Natascha Geraedts

Key clients

Energiefonds Overijssel

United Momentum, Clean Electricity Generation


ib vogt

Solarfields Projecten


Iron Mountain





City of Amsterdam

TBM Europe


Work highlights

  • Advising Blue Sphere on several biogas projects in the Netherlands.
  • Advising Zonnepark Hijken B.V. on the development of a ground mounted solar farm of 21 hectares.
  • Representing BronnenVanOns  with regard to the development of a 14Mw solarpark in Gasselternijveen.


HVG Law LLP is strategically aligned with EY Tax and is part of the global EY Law network. It handles international energy transactions, regulatory issues and litigation/arbitration. Practice head Sander Simonetti focuses on renewables, infrastructure and trading. Dick Weiffenbach left for an in-house role at the Association of Energy Grid Operators (Netbeheer Nederland).

Practice head(s):

Sander Simonetti

Key clients

Netherlands Climate Fund


Energy Park Pottendijk

Wind Park SwifterwinT & Wind Park Oostermoer

Pondera – renewable energy

NV Juva / Westland Infra

Association of Energy Grid Operators (Netbeheer Nederland)


Stedin Holding


Work highlights

  • Advised the Netherlands Climate Fund on its acquisition of a large solar energy project portfolio from IX Zonnig and on its joint venture with YARD Energy.
  • Advised Naftogaz on the legal unbundling of its gas business to conform to European energy legislation.
  • Advised Wind Park SwifterwinT on its power purchase agreement (PPA) with Eneco.