Energy: regulatory in Netherlands

Allen & Overy LLP

Marinus Winters and Jochem Spaans lead on energy regulatory matters at Allen & Overy LLP, providing support on major developments in areas including on- and offshore wind, solar, geothermal, and gas. The team also assists with matters relating to green transition and coal phaseout, and provides standalone advice and litigation support in addition to its projects work. Winters is especially well regarded for his expertise in competition, grid access, and tariff regulation, while Spaans has experience of permitting, zoning, and environmental law.

Practice head(s):

Marinus Winters; Jochem Spaans

Other key lawyers:

Rob van der Hulle


‘Apart from being very knowledgeable, A&O’s team has the historic overview important to understand the complicated regulatory landscape and the ability to advise on short notice.’

‘Marinus Winters is a very thorough lawyer with a keen eye on energy regulation and connected interests. He is one of the few lawyers with expert knowledge on the subject of gas storage regulation.’

Key clients




Work highlights

  • Advising Uniper on the forced shutdown of its coal-fired power plant located on the Maasvlakte (Port of Rotterdam).
  • Advising several data centres in the Netherlands on congestion management, to efficiently make use of the available transport capacity on the electricity network.
  • Advising Vattenfall on the regulatory aspects of the divestment of 32 turbines of its Prinses Ariane onshore wind farm.

De Brauw Blackstone Westbroek

The energy team at De Brauw Blackstone Westbroek is competent across transactional, advisory, and contentious matters, with experience in areas including transmission tariffs, emissions trading, and disputes and arbitrations over gas prices. Made up to partner in March 2022, ‘sharp and fast' Arjan Kleinhout heads the practice and has broad expertise encompassing state aid, market regulation and enforcement. Menno Stoffer is another name to note, while significant support at senior associate level comes from Jasper van Uden and Claire Van Der Hoeven. Nicolien Van Den Bigelaar left the firm.

Practice head(s):

Arjan Kleinhout

Other key lawyers:

Menno Stoffer; Jasper van Uden; Claire van der Hoeven


‘Honest advice that truly helps you as a client. Ability to combine interests of two clients and thereby lower costs.’

‘Knowledge and experience about public-private partnerships makes them unique. Arjan Kleinhout is one of a kind, is able to think one or two steps ahead without showing off or doing too much. He is able to efficiently make use of juniors who seemingly grow and outperform under his supervision.’

‘Unbelievable knowledge. Honest billing is also really a mayor plus point.’

‘Arjan Kleinhout really has the best knowledge of the energy sector, he is really sharp and fast.’

Key clients


Port of Rotterdam

Porthos – consortium of Port of Rotterdam, Gasunie and EBN







NEA/ Stichting voorbereiding PALLAS reactor

Foundation Preparation Pallas reactor (PALLAS)

The Kingdom of the Netherlands

Varo Energy

Royal Vopak

Gate LNG Terminal




Work highlights

  • Advising on two projects concerning hydrogen: the H2 Backbone (Gasunie) and HyTransPort.RTM (Gasunie & Port of Rotterdam).
  • Advising Porthos on an energy transition project, including advising on public law and planning and environmental aspects, the regulatory regime (including EU ETS impact), transactions aspects (for example, setting up the joint venture) and commercial contracting.
  • Acting as lead counsel for TenneT, handling energy developments involving regulatory, planning and environmental matters as well as financing issues and extensive litigation.

Loyens & Loeff

Loyens & Loeff‘s energy and infrastructure practice group is jointly headed by corporate partner Jan-Willem van Rooij and counsel Roland de Vlam, and advises clients including major energy network operators and project developers. De Vlam is particularly strong on regulatory advice relating to renewable energy projects, in particular wind and solar, and also has a strong litigation practice. Of counsel Max Oosterhuis has a broad practice with deep experience of regulatory matters at both national and EU level. Senior associate Jan De Heer is also noted.

Practice head(s):

Roland de Vlam; Jan-Willem van Rooij

Other key lawyers:

Max Oosterhuis; Jan de Heer


‘The team works well together and is always available. There is a good build-up of knowledge and experience within the team’

‘Practice is very personal and professional. They have unique in-depth knowledge and are able to combine expertise in different fields.’

‘Individuals on the team have a very personal and professional approach. They have unique in-depth knowledge and are able to combine expertise on different fields of expertise.’

‘Knowledge, willingness to listen to clients’ questions and requests, and responsiveness.’

‘Very knowledgeable people in various disciplines, as well as efficient cooperation between the various specialists. Able to respond to emerging questions with timely and complete advice.’

‘Max Oosterhuis and Roland de Vlam have excellent knowledge of energy law and the client’s business.’

‘Both Roland de Vlam and Jan de Heer have deep legal knowledge and experience in government bidding processes in The Netherlands, and demonstrated the ability to be value adding legal business partners to the bid project team.’

‘Jan de Heer – best in class and well-informed about current insights in the field.’

Key clients

Ørsted A/S




Utility Support Group (USG) B.V.

Yara International


Re:cap Global Investors AG

Pure Energie



Work highlights

  • Advised Ørsted A/S on its tender bid for the 1.4 GW Hollandse Kust West offshore wind production licence.
  • Represented and advised all three major network operators in the Netherlands (Liander, Enexis and Stedin) in a dozen court proceedings and dispute resolutions related to the conditions under which the network operator are obligated to realise the connections.
  • Advised ONE-Dyas on the regulatory aspects of linking a German offshore wind farm to an offshore natural gas production platform on the Dutch part of the continental shelf.

Pels Rijcken & Droogleever Fortuijn NV

Pels Rijcken & Droogleever Fortuijn NV has experience acting for both private clients and central and local governmental bodies in civil and administrative litigation and arbitrations. ‘Very smart and very reliable partnerIman Brinkman heads the energy practice, drawing on his ‘deep technical knowledge‘ and broad experience to advise on the range of regulatory matters. Edward Brans focuses on climate change and energy transition, and is active in geothermal energy and carbon capture and storage (CCS) projects. Senior associate Lianne Barnhoorn is also noted.

Practice head(s):

Iman Brinkman

Other key lawyers:

Edward Brans; Lianne Barnhoorn


‘Iman Brinkman’s deep technical knowledge is really valuable in the energy sector.’

‘The team is on top of the latest developments in energy law and is very capable of sharing this information with peers.’

‘Iman Brinkman stands out as a very smart and very reliable partner.’

Key clients

Essent (E.ON)




Lundin Petroleum


Raedthuys (Pure Energie)

Dutch State


Municipality of Rotterdam


Work highlights

  • Successfully defended Dutch TSO TenneT against claims by semiconductor manufacturer NXP for the restitution of amounts paid in respect of grid connection and transportation services.
  • Successfully defended Essent against claims by an isolation materials manufacturer for the restitution of amounts paid in respect of flexibility services rendered in relation to the supply of gas.
  • Successfully assisted major Dutch wind farm developer Raedthuys in relation to disputes with grid manager Liander about the connection of large wind farm projects to regional grid operator Liander’s electricity grid.


With ‘wide knowledge and experience in energy law‘ and ‘profound knowledge of regulation', the energy and utilities team at Stek is active in lobbying and litigation in the energy regulatory space, and acts for major national and international clients. Jan Erik Janssen is a key contact for clients seeking advice on regulatory matters, and has a strong track record in contentious work. Senior associate Veii Jacobs plays a key supporting role, with notable experience in spatial planning and public law as it relates to renewable energy projects.

Practice head(s):

Jan Erik Janssen; Reijnoud Homveld; Claudia Beele; Coen Thomas; Herman Wamelink; Sharon Kaufmann

Other key lawyers:

Veii Jacobs


‘Wide knowledge and experience in energy law, including the financial regulation of network companies.’

‘No-nonsense approach. Sense of humour. Knowledgeable, which means they force their clients to really explain what the issues are, and then translate these issues into legal opportunities.’

‘Stek brings a lot of regulatory knowledge and experience to the table. Great support to stand up against or discuss with any regulator.’

‘Jan Erik Janssen has outstanding knowledge of the sector and is a good communicator. Well-equipped to balance the different interests of all relevant stakeholders and reasonable in his opinions of what can and cannot be achieved.’

‘Enthusiastic, young team, always ready to help you out.’

‘Jan Erik Janssen and Veii Jacobs are both excellent in Dutch energy law and very professional and experienced. They provide good support for very complex legal matters.’

‘They react very swiftly, have a profound knowledge of regulation, and are happy to discuss with you and to adapt a position.’

‘Jan Erik Janssen and Veii Jacobs form an excellent team. Both on the ball. Stek is a pleasant office to deal with, with a good atmosphere.’

Key clients







Netbeheer Nederland

Nuts Groep/Budget Energie


Utility Support Group (USG)

Work highlights

  • Represented Netbeheer Nederland in shaping the new energy transport tariff regime for 2022-2026.
  • Successfully represented electricity producer PZEM in first-of-its kind REMIT sanction procedure.
  • Successfully represented Dutch heat supply sector on maximum heat supply tariffs.


AKD’s energy team draws on the firm’s strengths in environmental and planning law to provide support on major projects throughout their full life-cycle. Acting for energy companies, developers, investors, and public bodies, the practice advises on the range of renewable projects, including geothermal, solar, and wind energy, as well as sustainable heat. Team lead Marjolein Dieperink has broad regulatory experience, and is also knowledgeable in state aid, subsidy grants, permits, and tendering.

Practice head(s):

Marjolein Dieperink

Other key lawyers:

Jan Kromhout; Julian Versmissen; Lennart Crain

Key clients






Inter Provinciaal Overleg (IPO)




KIC InnoEnergy

Edge Technologies

Work highlights

  • Assisting Univé in negotiations with contractors, structural engineers, electricity purchasers, and roof owners, in relation to its solar energy portfolio.
  • Acting as counsel to the Dutch parliamentary committee of inquiry into natural gas extraction, researching extractions from the 1950s to the present day.
  • Provided legal assistance to one of the tender parties in the submission of two bids for the construction and exploitation of offshore wind energy farms in the Dutch North Sea (Hollandse Kust West Site VI and VII).


Houthoff provides an integrated energy offering covering transactions, contracting, and regulatory advice, with clients including domestic and international energy companies and public authorities. Team lead Kirsten Berger is especially well regarded for her knowledge of regulatory matters concerning offshore wind, gas, and mining. Marc Van Beuge is ‘conscientious and detail-oriented‘, with a broad practice covering both traditional and renewable energy. The firm is also competent in litigation.

Practice head(s):

Kirsten Berger

Other key lawyers:

Marc van Beuge


‘The energy sector in the Netherlands is a complex area of law. Houthoff truly is an expert. Marc van Beuge understands the clients and delivers exceptional work.’

‘Marc van Beuge is kind, practical, and pleasant to work with.’

‘Excellent team with first-rate industry knowledge.’

‘Marc van Beuge is incredibly conscientious and detail-oriented. He also has an excellent strategic sense.’

Key clients

Porthos (EBN, Gasunie, Port of Rotterdam)


Corre Energy



Plastic Energy



Van Oord





Work highlights

  • Acting for the Energy-Netherlands Association (VEN), the Netherlands Oil and Gas Exploration and Production Association (NOGEPA), the Gas Storage Netherlands Association (VGN) and the LNG Shippers Netherlands Association (VLNG), in appeal proceedings before the Trade and Industry Appeals Tribunal against the ACM’s so-called ‘GTS Method Decision 2022-2026’ which forms the basis for the gas transmission tariff regulation of GTS, the Dutch TSO for gas.
  • Advising Corre Energy (jointly with Arthur Cox) on the development of the first large scale electricity storage facility.
  • Acting for VDL Nedcar in a dispute with TenneT (the Dutch TSO for electricity) and Enexis (a regional power grid operator) regarding VDL Nedcar’s claim for the restitution of unduly paid system services tariffs.


The energy and industry team at Stibbe has experience in regulatory matters including licensing, subsidies, emission allowances, and taxes and tariffs, with additional competence in dispute resolution. The firm’s clients include major multinationals, financiers, and developers, and it is especially adept at handling regulatory issues arising from corporate transactions and project development. Martin In de Braekt heads the practice, and clients note his ability to provide ‘excellent advice‘.

Practice head(s):

Martin In de Braekt

Other key lawyers:

Li Wee Toh; Jaap Waverijn


‘Very precise but also giving high-level vision in the regulatory summaries and newsletters.’

‘Reactivity and thourough knowledge of the subject.’

‘Excellent team of senior and junior lawyers. Deep knowledge of the renewable energy industry and related regulatory issues combined with a strong commercial sense of the business. Excellent service level.’

‘Martin In de Braekt is an excellent lawyer with solid understanding of the renewable energy business. Always provides excellent advice and service.’

Van der Feltz Advocaten

Based in The Hague and specialised in energy, construction, and real estate, Van der Feltz Advocaten advises clients on regulatory matters including planning and permitting, tariff regulations, CO2 emissions, third-party access, and subsidies. The energy team is led by Jacques Sluysmans and the ‘skilfulMichelle De Rijke, who bring particular expertise in pipelines and the energy transition, respectively. Senior associate Ronald Olivier is also noted, with a broad practice covering oil and gas, wind, and environmental and administrative law.

Practice head(s):

Jacques Sluysmans; Michelle de Rijke

Other key lawyers:

Ronald Olivier


‘Van der Feltz has a relatively small team of highly professional lawyers that are specialist in their fields. Expertise is easily shared among the team and clients profit.’

‘Practical, analytical, good knowledge of law, realistic, pragmatic.’

‘Jacques Sluysmans has good knowledge of law and a good way of communicating.’

Key clients

Gasunie N.V.

Vattenfall N.V.

Vereniging van Waterbedrijven in Nederland

Nederlandse Aardolie Maatschappij


ENGIE Nederland Retail B.V.

Province of South-Holland

Onyx Germany GmbH

Rendant Parknet Beheer B.V.

Tennet TSO B.V.


Vermilion Energy Netherlands B.V.

Stedin Netbeheer B.V.

Neptune Energy Netherlands B.V.

Cogas B.V.

Uniper Benelux N.V.


LC Energy B.V.

Enexis Netbeheer B.V.

Nogepa Nederlandse Olie en Gas Exploratie en Productie Associatie

TAQA Energy B.V.

ONE-Dyas B.V.

BAM Bouw en Vastgoed Nederland B.V. (BAM Energy Systems)


Work highlights

  • Advising Netbeheer Nederland (the Dutch branch organisation for grid operators) to secure their position under the upcoming Act for collective heating supply including a fair and reasonable compensation for the expropriation of their heating networks.
  • Advised NAM in successful litigation with regard to extraction plans for gas under the Wadden Sea, before the Administrative Jurisdiction Division of the Council of State.
  • Advising longstanding client Neptune Energy, who collaborates with other partners in the hydrogen project PosHYdon.


The renewable energy and projects team at corporate boutique firm BJTK focuses on work relating to major transactions and developments. Rutger Jansen heads the practice, with Inge Timmerman also noted, and the firm advises on matters from permitting and subsidies to neighbouring agreements and grid connection.

Practice head(s):

Rutger Jansen

Other key lawyers:

Inge Timmerman

Key clients

Anesco Nederland

Bio Energy Netherlands

BayWa r.e.

Biofuel Groningen

CEE Group

Carbon Equity

Energiefonds Overrijssel

Enerzjyk Skûlenboarch




INB Group


Pacifico Energy Partners

Patronale Solar

Patronale Life



Windpark Koningspleij

Windpark Scheldewind

YARD Energy

Zonnepark A73

Work highlights

  • Advising Windpark Scheldewind on various regulatory matters, including in respect of the SDE+ subsidy, the land and neighbouring agreements with the local authorities and other neighbours.
  • Advising Patronale Solar on various solar development projects and the contractual and regulatory aspects in respect thereof, including in respect of grid connection, supply of electricity to customers, permits, civil works, EPC and O&M agreements.
  • Advising Pacifico Energy Partners on various solar development projects and the contractual and regulatory aspects in respect thereof, including in respect of grid connection, supply of electricity to customers, permits, civil works, EPC and O&M agreements.


CMS‘ energy and climate change group is well regarded by clients including major multinationals, developers, and energy network operators. The team is led by Cecilia van der Weijden, who has broad experience in transactional and development work and expertise advising on issues including sustainable heat and carbon capture and storage.

Practice head(s):

Cecilia van der Weijden

Other key lawyers:

Martika Jonk; Marcellina Rietvelt


‘The level of technology and collaboration for complex projects is excellent.’

‘Cecilia van der Weijden and Marcellina Rietvelt both have a lot of experience and expertise.’

‘The team as a whole is extremely pleasant to work with and responsive to needs as they arise. Collaboration with CMS is therefore a pleasure.’

‘Cecilia van de Weijden and Marcellina Rietvelt are both very pleasant to work with. Easy contact, high performance, both in quality and in speed.’

‘The team as a whole drives to the details where an energy project is very important.’

‘Cecilia van der Weijden is a very professional and dedicated individual, accurate in her analysis and able to deliver adequate solutions.’

‘Each individual in the energy team is very knowledgeable and fulfils the needs of the client. Especially Cecilia van der Weijden is one of the best energy lawyers in the market.

‘Details and taking care and eliminating legal risks are what stands out about the team.’

Key clients




Ib vogt GmbH

Trio Solar 2 B.V.

Kansai Electric Power Co., Inc.





Dana Petroleum

Global Switch





SUSI Partners

Trio Investment





Work highlights

  • Advised Microsoft on the legal implications of the future energy legislation, regulation and case law that may impact its business in the Netherlands.
  • Advising Allego on the regulations applicable to the expansion of its business consisting of the development and operation of an electricity charging network for electric vehicles in and beyond the countries where it currently operates.
  • Advised Linde Gas, a leading global industrial gas company, on the regulatory aspects related to the application of a bio-swap (also referred to as ‘CO2-allocation’).


Jan Jakob Peelen leads the energy group at Dentons, with expertise in matters including permitting, planning, and procurement; he advises on major projects in solar, wind, hydrogen and biomass. Senior associate Dieuwke Kist is competent across power purchase agreements, grid connection agreements, and matters relating to novel technologies.

Practice head(s):

Jan Jakob Peelen

Other key lawyers:

Dieuwke Kist


‘Very good background with regard to energy regulatory. Delivering excellent documents in time. Also in ad hoc situations. They are always available if support is needed. Quality and price are on an excellent level. Partner for success!’

‘Leading partner Jan Jakob Peelen is a very experienced lawyer that is used to advising multinational utilities and financiers, but also medium-sized developers of renewable projects. High partner involvement. Very intelligent, realistic, focussed, approachable, and stays relaxed also during more intense situations.’

Key clients

Eurus Energy

Gate Terminal

ING Bank

LC Energy/Low Carbon




Triodos Group






Work highlights

  • Advising Rabobank on the acquisition financing of part of the Prinses Ariane wind farm, which was acquired by ASR and sold by Vattenfall.
  • Advising Nordsol on the energy regulatory, environmental, public law, permitting, and financing aspects of the plan to build a new bioLNG plant.
  • Acting for RWE in light of ongoing enforcement procedures and court litigation initiated by non-governmental organizations.

Eversheds Sutherland (Netherlands) B.V.

The energy and infrastructure practice at Eversheds Sutherland (Netherlands) B.V. provides regulatory advice on major projects conerning wind, solar, biofuels, and battery storage, and supports on disputes relating to grid connection and compliance. Miriam Van Ee jointly leads the team with Michel Chatelin, who also heads the competition and regulatory practice.

Practice head(s):

Miriam van Ee; Michel Chatelin

Other key lawyers:

Natascha Geraedts; Max van Drunen; Wieger ten Hove

Key clients

Energiefonds Overijssel

United Momentum, Clean Electricity Generation


ib vogt

Solarfields Projecten



Iron Mountain




Perpetual Next

Cyrus One




Work highlights

  • Advised LyondellBasell on a grid connection dispute with grid operator Enexis.

Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer

Winfred Knibbeler is the key contact at Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer for energy-sector work, with experience acting for energy producers, suppliers, and network operators. He is supported by counsel Alvaro Pliego Selie, who heads the firm’s global hydrogen group in addition to his broader experience in competition law.

Practice head(s):

Winfred Knibbeler; Alvaro Pliego Selie

Key clients

Funds managed by Oaktree Capital Management

E.On / Essent



IK Invest

Work highlights

  • Advised funds managed by Oaktree Capital Management on the acquisition of the real estate assets constituting the High Tech Campus Eindhoven, including advice on all regulatory aspects of the private energy networks on-site and related third-party access and metering obligations.
  • Represented E.On (including its Dutch subsidiary Essent) on a fundamental court challenge concerning an attempt by the ACM to regulate Essent’s B2C energy supply tariffs in 2018 through to obtaining a judgment annulling the ACM’s decision in full in April 2022.
  • Advised and represented public energy and gas network operator Enexis on its strategic energy regulatory dispute with large B2B customer Basell.

Van Doorne

Léone Klapwijk is the regulatory specialist in Van Doorne‘s energy, industry and renewables practice, which she co-leads alongside litigator and arbitrator Rogier Schellaars and corporate partner Hugo Reumkens. Praised for its ‘good sector knowledge and pragmatic approach‘, the team advises on issues relating to mining, renewables, hydrogen, and sustainable heating.

Other key lawyers:

Loes Pustjens; Victor van Ahee


‘The team represents a niche market and is well aware of the developments in the energy market. The team is good at translating this into the impact for the client and advises on the (im)possibilities this entails. The office thoroughly immerses itself in the client’s organisation and can therefore provide good tailor-made solutions with practical and useful advice.’

‘The team has good sector knowledge and a pragmatic approach.’

‘Listens carefully to the customer and the needs. Responds promptly and adequately and also provides unsolicited advice. Also good value for money.’

‘Short turn around, great availability, practical and easy implementable advice, fair fees, willingness to use alternative fee arrangements.’

‘Léone Klapwijk is an experienced energy lawyer with ample sector knowledge and a pragmatic approach.’

‘Victor van Ahee is a very strong addition to the team, bringing experience as well as a commercial and pragmatic focus.’

‘Van Doorne’s key value lies in their all-round capabilities, covering the entire energy industry. In our industry there are no simple solutions, so when Van Doorne brings the wideness of their team to the table, that is very helpful.’

‘Victor van Ahee is newly added to this team, but he is already a great adviser to lean on. Victor is an experienced adviser in the industry on energy and environmental complexities and good to work with.’

Key clients

Port of Rotterdam

TenneT TSO B.V.

Stedin Holding B.V.

Rotterdam Municipality

Warmtebedrijf Holding B.V.

Heerema Marine Contractors Nederland SE

Energie Coöperatie KetelhuisWG U.A.


Albert Schweitzer Ziekenhuis

Ennatuurlijk B.V.

Dunea N.V.

Friesland Campina N.V.

Brabant Water

Provincie Flevoland

RockRose Energy Ltd.

Work highlights

  • Advised the Rotterdam Municipality as 97 per cent shareholder of Warmtebedrijf Rotterdam on the sale of the Warmtebedrijf Rotterdam to Vattenfall.
  • Assisting BioMCN, a producer of bio methanol, in an administrative procedure on the qualification of certain biofuels and production methods in front of the Administrative Division of the Council of State.
  • Advising Ennatuurlijk B.V. on a legal procedure pertaining to an enforcement request under the Heat Act by a group of heat consumers, represented by a foundation, the ‘Stichting Reeshofwarmte’.