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Firms To Watch: International arbitration

The London international arbitration practice at Boies Schiller Flexner (UK) LLP features Timothy Foden; who focuses on international arbitration in the mining sector; David Hunt, a specialist in challenging jurisdictions; and investor-state and international commercial arbitration expert, Andrei Yakovlev, a March 2023 recruit from King & Wood Mallesons.
Greenberg Traurig, LLP's London’s international commercial arbitration practice is led by Mohammed Khamisa KC, who has extensive experience in multi-jurisdictional disputes, particularly within the banking, financial services and hospitality sectors.
Mills & Reeve LLP's London international arbitration practice is spearheaded by Mark Davison, a former CMS senior associate until 2020, whose track record includes multiple international arbitrations under a variety of rules, including, ICC, LCIA, DIAC, SCC, and ad hoc.
In March 2023, Paul Hastings LLP recruited former Shearman & Sterling LLP partner, Garreth Wong, as global co-chair of the firm’s international arbitration practice; Wong has extensive experience in disputes around the world, including the Americas, Africa, Europe, Russia, China, and Central and South Asia.
At City litigation boutique Humphries Kerstetter LLP, senior partner and arbitration specialist Kristopher Kerstetter routinely represents companies in major disputes, in relation to energy, telecoms, financial services, media, insurance, and industrial projects.

Firms in the Spotlight International arbitration

Ronald Fletcher Baker LLP

Ronald Fletcher Baker has an established track record of success in even the most complex cases. Litigation and Dispute Resolution has been a focus of the firm since its inception in 1948, and our highly experienced team is widely recognised for its skill in this area. The firm deals with a broad range of commercial …

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International arbitration in London

Debevoise & Plimpton LLP

'A go-to firm for international arbitration', Debevoise & Plimpton LLP’s London group is routinely instructed on high-stakes mandates. Former UK Attorney General Lord Peter Goldsmith KC has longstanding experience in representing private parties and sovereign states in groundbreaking international arbitrations; London and Hong Kong-based Tony Dymond is 'excellent for construction-related disputes'; and commercial and investor-state arbitration expert Samantha Rowe and the 'very impressive' Patrick Taylor both work between the firm's London and Paris offices. Within the firm's international counsel pool, Gavin Chesney 'handles very sophisticated commercial arbitration issues', while Robert HooseAimee-Jane Lee and Conway Blake are also integral to the firm's international arbitration offering. Laith NajjarShreya ArenMaxim Osadchiy, Sonja Sreckovic and Monika Hlavkova are the associates to note. In a major boost to the practice Jeffrey Sullivan KC, in July 2023, joined as partner and co-chair of international arbitration in Europe from Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher.

Practice head(s):

Lord Goldsmith KC

Other key lawyers:

Tony Dymond; Samantha Rowe; Patrick Taylor; Gavin Chesney; Robert Hoose; Aimee-Jane Lee; Conway Blake; Laith Najjar; Shreya Aren; Maxim Osadchiy; Sonja Sreckovic; Monika Hlavkova; Jeffrey Sullivan KC


‘The team led by Lord Goldsmith is formed by outstanding lawyers from different backgrounds with different levels of seniority.’

‘Lord Goldsmith is by far one of the leading lawyers in international arbitration – infinitely knowledgeable and experienced, and a brilliant cross-examiner.’

‘Their knowledge of the law and involvement in the particularities of cases is very unique. They are also flexible with the fee structure, which is praised by clients.’

‘The Debevoise & Plimpton team is almost unrivalled in its experience, expertise, depth and overall performance. They have exceptional lawyers and are not only client oriented, but also results driven, which makes them a go-to firm for international arbitration.’

‘Patrick Taylor – very impressive. Business savvy, extremely smart, and very responsive.’

‘Tony Dymond -is excellent for construction-related disputes.’

‘Samantha Rowe is a brilliant lawyer.’

Gavin Chesney handles very sophisticated commercial arbitration issues.’

Key clients

Tethyan Copper Company Pty

CH2M Hill


Bechtel Group

The Nova Group Investments

Shell Petroleum

The Shell Petroleum Development Company of Nigeria



Work highlights

  • Defending Tethyan against an arbitration claim brought by the Province of Balochistan (Pakistan).
  • Representing Nova in an ICSID claim against the Romanian Government, in respect of the purported expropriation of assets and breaches of treaty protections.
  • Representing Shell against the Federal Republic of Nigeria in an ICSID case brought under the Netherlands-Nigeria bilateral investment treaty, in relation to breaches of protections.

Herbert Smith Freehills LLP

With 'huge strength in depth in international arbitration', Herbert Smith Freehills LLP‘s London-based team has an enviable excellent track record in achieving arbitral awards, particularly in relation to energy disputes and investor-state conflicts. Global arbitration head Paula Hodges KC is 'a leader in the London market' for energy, telecoms and technology disputes; and Craig Tevendale heads the international arbitration group in London. Also integral to the firm's offering, Andrew Cannon leads the India disputes group; Chris Parker KC 'commands the respect and attention of the room'; James Doe is UK construction disputes practice head; and David Nitek specialises in the resolution of infrastructure, construction and engineering claims. Counsel Marco de Sousa and senior associate Louise Barber are also key team members. During 2023, former senior associates Hannah Ambrose and Charlie Morgan were both made partners, while of counsel Anuradha Agnihotri was recruited from Indian firm Trilegal, where she was partner.

Practice head(s):

Paula Hodges KC; Craig Tevendale

Other key lawyers:

Andrew Cannon; Chris Parker KC; James Doe; David Nitek; Marco de Sousa; Louise Barber; Hannah Ambrose; Charlie Morgan; Anuradha Agnihotri


Extremely deep and capable team at every level, from the most senior silk to the trainee.

Strong ability to grasp complex facts and ambiguous areas of law, while still providing practical, useful and strategic advice. Clear communicators, and juniors who are extremely capable and instil confidence in the client.

‘The strength of the team is how well it works together.’

‘Very strong team with huge strength in depth in international arbitration.’

‘Paula Hodges KC is outstanding and a leader in the London market.’

Craig Tevendale is a highly persuasive advocate.

‘Chris Parker KC is a very calm advocate and a pleasant and effective opponent, who commands the respect and attention of the room.’

‘Andrew Cannon is clear, very well respected, and very efficient.’

Key clients

Star Power Hydro







Standard Chartered Bank



Work highlights

  • Representing two major international energy companies in a dispute concerning a mega-value oil and gas project in Africa.
  • Representing the sellers in an LNG price review arbitration against an Asian buyer.
  • Acting for Star Hydro in two LCIA arbitrations, including a dispute with a government-owned company that owns and manages Pakistan’s electricity transmission network.

King & Spalding LLP

King & Spalding LLP 'deservedly has a leading reputation'. Instructed for both investment treaty and commercial arbitration cases, the London practice acts for large energy and natural resources corporations, as well as clients from the industrial, infrastructure and construction industries. The team also acts for governments on a repeat basis. The practice showcases four silks, being: 'great strategist' Thomas Sprange KC, who routinely acts for corporations, sovereign states, financial institutions and individuals in complex disputes; John Savage KC, whose track record includes approximately 200 arbitrations around the world; Ben Emmerson CBE KC, a public international law specialist; and international commercial and investment disputes expert Ruth Byrne KC. Other key practitioners are international arbitration and trade expert, Sajid Ahmed; construction arbitration specialist Shareena Edmonds; and Vincent Rowan, who focuses on the resolution of construction and engineering disputes. In January 2023, international commercial and investment treaty arbitration practitioner Simon Maynard was elevated to counsel.

Practice head(s):

Thomas Sprange KC; John Savage KC

Other key lawyers:

Ben Emmerson CBE KC; Ruth Byrne KC; Sajid Ahmed; Sarah Walker; Shareena Edmonds; Vincent Rowan; Giorgio Mandelli; Egishe Dzhazoyan; Ben Williams; Andrea Stauber


‘The team is composed of deep thinkers, who are open and collaborative in their approach. This garners a helpful mentality where everyone’s ideas are considered and incorporated as appropriate.’

‘Very strong team for international arbitration, with excellent people in all major locations.’

‘John Savage KC – experience, wisdom and unruffled.’

‘Thomas Sprange KC is a very talented lawyer and advocate. He is a great strategist in ensuring the case is best presented at each and every stage to get the best outcome.’

‘Ruth Byrne KC – smart and hardworking.’

Sajid Ahmed and Vincent Rowan stand out for their extensive knowledge of construction and investor-state related matters.

‘The firm deservedly has a leading reputation because of the experience it has in successfully arbitrating claims against states. They also understand how to work with funders and the importance of working against a budget.’

‘K&S has a great track record in construction and investor-state arbitration cases.’

Key clients

Acciona Industrial UK

Adriatic Properties

Arkad Engineering & Construction Company

Baker Hughes


Daewoo Engineering and Construction

Diamond Offshore Drilling Limited and Diamond Offshore

Electrum Group

Emirates International Investment Company

GE Power

Government of Turkey

GE-Hitachi Nuclear Energy

Gerald International

InterGlobe Enterprises Private




Naturgy Energy Group

Nuovo Pignone

OMV Upstream International

Obrascón Huarte Lain

Pakistan LNG

Reliance Industries

Rockhopper Companies


Shell Philippines Exploration

Société des Parcs d’Alger

South Valley Cement Company

SL Mining

Taleveras Petroleum Trading DMCC

The Dow Chemical Company

Unión Fenosa Gas


Cairn Energy Hydrocarbons

Western Union

Yara Pilbara Nitrates Pty

Work highlights

  • Acting for the Republic of Turkey in an ICC dispute filed by the Government of Iraq and its state- owned pipeline company BOTAŞ.
  • Obtained a complete victory for Turkey when the tribunal unanimously declined jurisdiction over a $6bn arbitration under the UK–Turkey BIT.
  • Represented CA Investment in a $3bn ICC arbitration in São Paulo against J&F Investimentos and Eldorado Brasil Celulose.

Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom (UK) LLP

Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom (UK) LLP’s London international arbitration group comprises ‘very smart, dedicated group of individuals who can turn around a great pleading at a moment’s notice’. The practice encompasses both commercial and investor-state disputes, while the team conducts its own advocacy for international arbitrations. Leading the Europe international litigation and arbitration group, Kate Davies KC is an international commercial and investment treaty arbitration specialist; David Kavanagh KC, is a ‘superb tactician‘; Daniel Gal KC has extensive experience in commercial arbitration and investment treaty disputes; and Bruce Macaulay‘s practice incorporates international arbitration work. At counsel level, Nicholas Adams‘ workload covers ad hoc arbitrations; and Devika Khopkar is experienced in investor-state arbitrations, as well as India-related claims. The associate to note is international commercial arbitration practitioner Peter Beaumont.

Practice head(s):

Kate Davies KC

Other key lawyers:

David Kavanagh KC; Daniel Gal KC; Bruce Macaulay; Nicholas Adams; Devika Khopkar; Peter Beaumont; Sym Hunt – Brady; Max Szymanski


‘Devastatingly brilliant minds, strategic approach to disputes, and methodical. Expensive but worth it.’

David Kavanagh KC has a gift for capturing an argument in a way that sells it to adjudicators. Deep understanding of the law that he can translate into a compelling argument. Superb tactician.

‘David Kavanagh KC and Max Szymanski and provide valuable strategic input and are completely responsive to clients’ needs.’

‘Daniel Gal KC is a very experienced, client-focused partner. He provides hands-on leadership for complex, commercially-sensitive disputes.’

‘A very smart, dedicated group of individuals, who can turn around a great pleading at a moment’s notice. Real dedication to client service.’

‘They provide a strong partner-led team that provides good commercial advice.’

Key clients

Voimaosakeyhtiö SF

Enka Renewables

Emaar Properties


Work highlights

  • Representing Emaar Properties in a London-seated, Indian law-governed ICC arbitration, arising out of a dispute with an Indian property developer.
  • Acting for Voimaosakeyhtiö SF (VSF) in three separate disputes, arising from VSF’s joint venture with Rosatom, the Russian State Nuclear Energy Corporation.
  • Representing Enka Renewables in its $1.5bn dispute over the termination of the Namakhvani Hydro Power Project in the Republic of Georgia.

Three Crowns LLP

'The leading international arbitration boutique by far, Three Crowns LLP only accepts instructions for international disputes. The firm's current commercial and investor-state caseload covers some of the highest-profile disputes in the world; and its industry expertise incorporates aerospace, energy, construction, telecoms, financial services, and Pharma. Experienced in obtaining multi-billion-dollar awards, Constantine Partasides KC has a growing arbitration-related litigation practice; and Gaëtan Verhoosel KC acts in commercial and treaty arbitrations across the power, banking, infrastructure, renewables, and oil and gas sectors. Also integral to the group, Reza Mohtashami KC is a Middle East disputes expert; Carmen Martinez Lopez is triple-qualified in England, New York and Spain; and Manish Aggarwal and Leilah Bruton act in investor-state and commercial cases. At counsel level, Hamid Abdulkareem is 'an excellent lawyer' and Jonathan Fernandes acts under all major arbitration rules. Maanas JainRichard TrinickFarouk El-Hosseny and Vee Vian Thien are experienced senior associates.

Practice head(s):

Constantine Partasides KC; GaëtanVerhoosel KC

Other key lawyers:

Reza Mohtashami KC; Carmen Martinez Lopez; Manish Aggarwal Leilah Bruton; Hamid Abdulkareem; Jonathan Fernandes; Maanas Jain; Richard Trinick; Farouk El-Hosseny; Vee Vian Thien; Ridhi Kabra


‘The 3C practice is dynamic, knowledgeable and well organised.’

‘All the 3C lawyers are competent and sharp, and work very effectively.’

‘Constantine Partasides KC is a very effective oral advocate and cross-examiner.’

‘The top advocate in London is founder Constantine Partasides – the best of the best.’

‘Carmen Martinez Lopez is the most engaged partner around. She is on top of everything and does most of the drafting. Her team is also  exceptional at all levels.’

‘3C is the leading international arbitration boutique by far. International arbitration is all they do, and they do it extremely well.’

‘Maanas Jain is a star of the future.’

‘Hamid Abdulkareem is an excellent lawyer. Great attention to detail and an impressive understanding of the law.’

Key clients

American Express






Crescent Petroleum

Elliot Associates



Kingdom of Bahrain

Olayan Financing Company


Petroquímica Comodoro Rivadavia

Republic of Chile


Sultanate of Oman



Work highlights

  • Representing Chile in an ICSID claim filed by Interconexión Eléctrica (ISA) under the Chile-Colombia free-trade agreement, the claim stemming from delays incurred by ISA in the construction of the Cardones-Polpaico Electricity Transmission Line.
  • Acting for ExxonMobil in its re-submitted arbitration proceedings against Venezuela.
  • Acting for Crescent Petroleum in its defence of a multibillion-dollar award in the English courts.

White & Case LLP

Commanding ‘a formidable reputation in international arbitration’, White & Case LLP‘s London practice routinely acts in the market’s largest and most significant cases. The team is co-led by Aloke Ray KC, who ‘has a very sharp understanding of the relevant issues in arbitration‘. The group also features London office head Dipen Sabharwal KC; construction and engineering disputes specialist Clare Connellan; global public international law leader, Andrea Menaker; and recently-raised partner Adam Tahsin, whose experience covers arbitrations under a range of governing laws and institutional rules. Within the firm’s senior associate ranks, Emiko Singh focuses on international arbitration in the energy, construction and financial services sectors; and Agnieszka Zarówna works exclusively on investor-state arbitrations. In early 2023, former partner Mark Clarke departed for an in-house role; former practice co-head Phillip Capper left  in late 2023; and David Goldberg departed in March 2024.

Practice head(s):

Aloke Ray KC

Other key lawyers:

Dipen Sabharwal KC; Clare Connellan; Andrea Menaker; Adam Tahsin; Emiko Singh; Agnieszka Zarówna; Robert Wheal


A formidable reputation in international arbitration – in a position to deploy substantial resources when instructed. A go-to firm in its field.

‘Aloke Ray QC is extremely experienced and strategic in his approach. He has a very sharp understanding of the relevant issues in arbitration.’

‘Aloke Ray QC is an enormously-skilled advocate, who is calm under pressure and controls the room when before the arbitration panel.’

‘Very good and the client care is excellent.’

‘Robert Wheal handles the bumps in the road that arise extremely well and without fuss. The work is always ready in good time for client review, and suggestions on how to approach issues are constructive.’

‘A well developed and experienced team in arbitration – the firm’s quality of work is unquestionable.’

‘An outstanding team with a wide range and a high-level of commitment, especially for complex and diverse topics, which enables efficient and client-tailored processing.’

Key clients

The Islamic Republic of Pakistan



Grupo Unidos por el Canal

MOL Hungarian Oil & Gas

The Republic of Mozambique

Government of Nigeria

The Republic of Peru

Orazul International España Holdings

WorleyParsons International

The Republic of India

Kappes, Cassiday & Associates

Republic of Bulgaria

TECO Guatemala Holdings

Kornikom EOOD

JSC Tashkent Mechanical Plant

JSC National Bank for Foreign Economic Activity of the Republic of Uzbekistan

JSCB Asakabank

JSCB Uzbek Industrial and Construction Bank

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan

Work highlights

  • Represented the Islamic Republic of Pakistan in a rare ICSID post-award remedy, seeking to revise the largest damages award ever issued by an ICSID tribunal.
  • Representing Grupo Unidos por el Canal (Panama), and its shareholders WeBuild, Sacyr and Jan De Nul, in a dispute with the Panama Canal Authority over the $5.5bn Panama Canal expansion project.
  • Represented MOL in a complex joint venture dispute relating to oil and gas assets in the Middle East.


The 'truly specialist international arbitration practice group' within WilmerHale‘s London office has a leading market reputation for both commercial and investor-state arbitration work. With a track record of serving as counsel in over 675 arbitrations, practice chair Gary Born is 'well known as the preeminent expert in international arbitration'; Charlie Caher has particular experience in energy, construction, telecoms, insurance, joint venture and M&A-related disputes; Steven Finizio is an 'incredibly knowledgeable and talented partner', who specialises in investment treaty and public international law issues; and Franz Schwarz has enviable experience in winning high-profile arbitration cases. The second line of key practitioners features 'extraordinarily gifted lawyer and forceful advocate', Jonathan Lim, a triple-qualified English solicitor, Singapore advocate and New York lawyer, who was elevated from counsel to partner in January 2023.

Practice head(s):

Gary Born; Franz Schwarz; Steven Finizio

Other key lawyers:

Jonathan Lim


It is a privilege to collaborate with this esteemed team, which comprises, without a doubt, the top practitioners in the field of arbitration.’

Adeptly manages challenges arising from multilingual and multi-jurisdictional disputes.

A truly specialist international arbitration practice group, comprising of lawyers from diverse backgrounds with very wide expertise and experience.

‘Exceptional and broad expertise, a high-level of service and responsiveness, and an impressive combination of legal acumen and commercial awareness.’

Gary Born is well known as the preeminent expert in international arbitration, and his reputation as a living legend is certainly well deserved.

Gary Born has exceptional strategic insight, and that insight helps deliver many important wins. His exemplary professionalism in communication and rapid responsiveness are decisive factors.

‘Steven Finizio is an incredibly knowledgeable and talented partner with an outstanding ability to distill the decisive issues.’

Jonathan Lim is an extraordinarily gifted lawyer and forceful advocate – a consummate professional, who is exceptionally responsive and always provides highly incisive and practical advice.

A&O Shearman

With ‘deep knowledge of arbitration law and practice‘, A&O Shearman‘s London team is highly active in both commercial and investor-state arbitrations. The team is particularly well known for gas price disputes, but its wide-ranging expertise also covers claims involving banking, finance, IP, TMT, infrastructure and construction projects, and shareholder and M&A-related conflicts. The practice additionally acts in arbitration-related litigation. Heading the international arbitration group, gas price arbitration specialist Mark Levy KC is 'a superb advocate'; David Herlihy, a 2002 partner recruit from Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom (UK) LLP, and Matthew Hodgson, are both international commercial and investment treaty arbitration experts; and James Freeman has a 'brilliant mind'. Guled Yusuf, who acts in institutional and ad hoc arbitral proceedings, was elevated to partner in May 2022, while counsel Sunil Mawkin specialises in disputes in the construction and infrastructure sectors.

Practice head(s):

Mark Levy KC

Other key lawyers:

David Herlihy; Matthew Hodgson; James Freeman; Guled Yusuf; Sunil Mawkin


‘Pretty perfect – reliable, smooth, client focused, practical, clear, and excellent advocacy. Also nice people with a strong team ethic.’

‘Mark Levy – great advocate, commercial, practical, smart, and great judgement.’

‘Mark Levy is a superb advocate. He is familiar with all the details and makes great use of that during argument and cross-examination.’

‘James Freeman – brilliant mind, super-clear and logical.’

‘Matthew Hodgson is an exceptional lawyer and strategist.’

‘A&O has a strong team with good camaraderie, which makes working with them seamless and efficient. They also make use of all the updated legal tech applications and that saves a lot of time and money for the client.’

‘A&O’s international arbitration practice has a deep rich heritage built on generations of talented individuals serving a world-class client base.’

‘Deep knowledge of arbitration law and practice and astute tactical sense.’

Key clients

International Finance Corporation


Reliance Industries


International Swaps & Derivatives Association

Kempinski Hotels

Government of Pakistan

Manchester United

Work highlights

  • Representing BG and Reliance Industries in arbitrations against the Government of India, regarding two Indian-law governed production sharing contracts for oil and gas fields.

Clifford Chance LLP

Clifford Chance LLP‘s London commercial arbitration team is consistently sought out to act in high-stakes mandates. It is also well known for acting for global corporations and financial institutions in complex and large-value investment treaty arbitrations. The team includes consultant to the firm and renowned commercial arbitration and public international law specialist Audley Sheppard KCRob Lambert‘s track record includes arbitrations in Europe, Asia, the US, the Middle East, Africa and Australia; Alex Panayides routinely acts for international oil, construction and private equity companies; Marie Berard‘s workload incorporates construction, financial, energy, and oil and gas sector-related arbitrations; Sachin Trikha is particularly focused on breach of contract claims; and Jessica Gladstone‘s practice encompasses major international commercial and investment arbitrations. Director Anna Kirkpatrick, along with senior associates Christina SchuetzEraldo d’Atri and Sam Brown are also key team members.

Practice head(s):

Marie Berard

Other key lawyers:

Rob Lambert; Alex Panayides; Sachin Trikha; Jessica Gladstone; Anna Kirkpatrick; Christina Schuetz; Eraldo d’Atri; Sam Brown; Audley Sheppard KC


Clifford Chance’s international arbitration group is simply one of the best arbitration practices worldwide. I view them as the Rolls-Royce of international arbitration. They have built their outstanding practice on a number of high profile cases that they have successfully conducted. The team is highly specialised, efficient and responsive.’

‘Marie Berard combines a rare mix of intelligence, strategic thinking and interpersonal qualities. She will fight tooth and nail for her clients.’

Key clients




Republic of Serbia

British Caribbean Bank

Prize Holdings International

Odebrecht Latinvest

Invenergy Renewables

Work highlights

  • Successfully defended POSCO E&C against a $2.7bn ICC arbitration claim, concerning the development and construction of the Songdo smart city development in South Korea.
  • Successfully obtained an Early Determination for a major aviation leasing company, making use of the relatively new Early Determination provisions in the 2020 LCIA Arbitration Rules.
  • Representing the Republic of Serbia in an arbitration under the Canada-Serbia and Cyprus-Serbia BITs, in relation to the alleged expropriation of property rights held by a real estate development company.

Clyde & Co

With ‘breadth of knowledge that is exceptional‘, Clyde & Co‘s London team has extensive experience in handling both commercial and investor-state arbitrations. Chair of the global arbitration group, Ben Knowles, has extensive international arbitration experience, including at the ICC, ICSID, LCIA, PCA, CIETAC, and ICDR; Loukas Mistelis is ‘an outstanding arbitration practitioner‘. Chris Williams acts in technology-related arbitrations; and Lee Bacon is an investor-state arbitration expert. The practice additionally features oil and gas expert David Hesse; Richard Power, who acts in commercial, corporate and financial disputes; Michael Swangard, a specialist in commodity issues; Milena Szuniewicz-Wenzel, an expert in oil and gas production sharing agreements; and Marta Jarque Brangulí, who handles energy, engineering and construction sector disputes. Simon Schooling is the of counsel to note, while Ian Hopkinson and Edward Hamilton are active legal directors.

Practice head(s):

Ben Knowles

Other key lawyers:

Loukas Mistelis; Chris Williams; Lee Bacon; David Hesse; Richard Power; Michael Swangard; Milena Szuniewicz-Wenzel; Marta Jarque Brangulí; Simon Schooling; Ian Hopkinson; Edward Hamilton; Catherine Wang


‘Breadth of knowledge that is exceptional, blending skills in corporate law with industry practices.’

‘They handle complex issues across multi-jurisdictions and bring together concise and clear cases. The planning for each response is extremely thorough, resulting in legal responses that are conclusive, making it difficult for any opposing argument to have any merit.’

‘Loukas Mistelis is an outstanding arbitration practitioner. The firm is lucky to have him.’

Key clients

The Government of Yemen

Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer LLP

'One of the leading firms in international arbitration', Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer LLP combines commercial arbitration expertise with sector specialisms in oil and gas, renewables, finance, defence, Pharma, healthcare, hospitality, and sport. The team is also regularly mandated on politically-sensitive investment treaty arbitrations. Practice head for arbitration in London, Sylvia Noury KC, whose 2022 'elevation to KC is richly deserved', specialises in investor-state and commercial arbitrations, particularly in relation to emerging markets such as Africa, India and Latin America; energy, telecoms and projects expert Will Thomas KC has 'deep understanding of the law and the English legal landscape'; and Oliver Marsden's experience includes acting as counsel in arbitrations under the LCIA, ICC, SCC, HKIAC, UNCITRAL and ICSID Rules.

Practice head(s):

Sylvia Noury KC

Other key lawyers:

Will Thomas KC; Oliver Marsden


‘Goes above and beyond to understand clients’ unique needs and objectives, and they work tirelessly to achieve them!’

‘Sylvia Noury KC is an expert in her field of international arbitration and clients are privileged to have her represent them.’

‘Sylvia Noury KC is able to deliver her oral cross-examination in a way that is calm, but still persuasive and hard-hitting. Her recent elevation to KC is richly deserved.’

Key clients

Akfel Commodities


Deutsche Telekom

Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher

With 'deep international arbitration experience across the board', Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher is best known for large-scale, complex disputes. The London practice is jointly headed by 'superb advocate' Cyrus Benson, who regularly appears before commercial and investment treaty tribunals in telecoms, mining, infrastructure, and oil and gas claims; and 'superb arbitration practitioner' Penny Madden KC, an expert in shareholder, telecoms, energy, international trade, and insurance disputes. The next line of experienced practitioners comprises former UK Lord Chancellor Lord Falconer KC, who focuses on commercial litigation, international arbitration and investigations; Osma Hudda, who maintains a broad disputes practice; and Doug Watson, who conducts arbitrations under a range of rules and arbitral institutions. In late 2022, former President of the European Court of Human Rights, Robert Spano, was recruited, while Piers Plumptre, who 'takes a very commercial and practical approach', was made partner. Former partner Jeffrey Sullivan KC joined Debevoise & Plimpton LLP in July 2023.

Practice head(s):

Penny Madden KC; Cyrus Benson

Other key lawyers:

Lord Falconer KC; Osma Hudda; Doug Watson; Robert Spano; Piers Plumptre; Ceyda Knoebel


‘The practice has a broad range of clients and deep international arbitration experience across the board.’

‘Penny Gibson KC is a superb arbitration practitioner. She does very heavyweight cases that have the most complex facts. An excellent tactician.’

‘Penny Madden – absolutely first rate and always goes the extra mile for the client.’

‘Cyrus Benson is, quite simply, a superb advocate. He is forceful, measured and extremely effective, both in cross-examination and in making submissions. He has an excellent understanding of the law and practice of international arbitration.’

‘Gibson Dunn London has a star in-house advocate in the form of Lord Falconer KC, supported by a first-class team including Piers Plumptre.’

Lord Falconer KC has a forceful yet charming advocacy style before tribunals.

‘Piers Plumptre, who has just become a partner, takes a very commercial and practical approach, and has particular expertise in the enforcement of foreign judgments and awards (in particular against states).’

‘Gibson Dunn has some of the very best cases in international arbitration. They are at the very top because they manage cases well, and use and instruct very good people.’

Key clients

Crescent Petroleum

Agility Public Warehousing

Global Telecom Holding

Corral Morocco Holdings


Yukos Capital


Tethyan Copper Company

International Chrome Holdings

Dana Gas

Hogan Lovells International LLP

Hogan Lovells International LLP houses 'a strong, well-balanced team that delivers results on time'. In addition to fielding teams in key arbitration seats, such as London, Paris, Zürich, Singapore, Hong Kong and New York, the practice focuses on emerging markets, including South America, Asia, and Eastern Europe and former CIS countries. Energy and mining arbitration specialist Kieron O’Callaghan is London international arbitration head; Michael Davison has longstanding experience in acting in major arbitrations; Nathan Searle routinely represents multinational clients in high-stakes arbitrations; and Ben Hornan 'always excels'. At counsel level, Annabel Maltby regularly assists with life sciences, healthcare and financial services-related disputes; and admitted to practise in England and Wales, and Nigeria, associate Ademola Bamgbose is a key member of the firm's global Africa practice.

Practice head(s):

Kieron O’Callaghan

Other key lawyers:

Michael Davison; Nathan Searle; Ben Hornan; Annabel Maltby; Ademola Bamgbose


‘The team delivers innovative solutions to problems, taking into consideration the nuances of clients’ jurisdictions and opponents.’

Very attentive to detail, and shows deep knowledge and technical skills .

‘Not only do they have professionals with a wealth of experience, but they are also very hands-on and supportive.’

‘Promptness, frequent communication, and reporting that is properly organised and to the point. Another strength of the company is its support (including language) for Japanese and Asian companies.’

‘Each lawyer is very professional, hardworking and attentive to detail.’

‘A strong, well-balanced team that delivers results on time and to budget.’

‘Robust, thoughtful legal analysis combined with a good understanding of commercial practicalities result in the delivery of exceptional advice.’

‘Ben Hornan always excels.’

Key clients

Bank of Ghana

Work highlights

  • Successfully represented the Bank of Ghana in the dismissal of a $478m LCIA arbitration claim by Sibton Switch Systems, in relation to a large technology project.
  • Representing a Fortune 500 company in an ICC arbitration, regarding the failure of a multi-billion dollar M&A transaction.
  • Representing a global pharmaceutical company in a complex and high-value ICC arbitration regarding drug development.

Latham & Watkins

'With great knowledge of international arbitration law', Latham & Watkins' London practice consistently acts for states, governments, oil majors and financial institutions in heavyweight, business-critical claims. The group is particularly well known for oil and gas industry disputes involving joint ventures, post-M&A conflicts, and complex oil and gas installations. It additionally represents investors and respondent states in investment arbitrations. Philip Clifford KC has 'deep knowledge of the law and international arbitration practice'; and Sophie Lamb KC assists corporate, financial and sovereign entities with complex international disputes. Also integral to the team, Charles Claypoole is an investment treaty arbitration specialist; Oliver Browne's practice incorporates arbitration-related litigation; and Robert Price focuses on commercial and investment treaty arbitration. Samuel Pape was raised to partner in November 2022, while Charles Rae, Isuru Devendra, Stephanie Forrest and Rebecca Angelini are active associates. Former partner Sebastian Seelmann-Eggebert joined international dispute resolution boutique HANEFELD in April 2023.

Practice head(s):

Philip Clifford KC; Sophie Lamb KC

Other key lawyers:

Charles Claypoole; Oliver Browne; Robert Price; Samuel Pape; Charles Rae; Isuru Devendra; Stephanie Forrest; Rebecca Angelini


‘Ability to understand complex issues and pragmatically address them.’

‘Down to earth and approachable. Their expertise is conveyed in a way that is both understandable and keeps clients at ease.’

‘The team in London has great strength at partner level, combined with excellent and highly-skilled associates. They have experience in a broad range of industry sectors.’

‘Philip Clifford KC is an arbitration practitioner of long standing. He has deep knowledge of the law and international arbitration practice.’

‘Philip Clifford KC is an excellent advocate and tactician.’

‘They are an innovative, reputable and competitive team of collaborative lawyers, with great knowledge of international arbitration law.’

‘Samuel Pape is knowledgeable and hardworking.’

Key clients


The Republic of Colombia

The Republic of Ukraine

Ipek Investment

The Republic of Croatia

Mason Capital

Pharmaniaga Berhad

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia


Pinsent Masons LLP

'Very experienced in arbitration', Pinsent Masons LLP's London practice incorporates expertise in disputes that arise out of major energy projects and investments, as well as infrastructure and construction-related claims. Jason Hambury specialises in international arbitration in the energy, infrastructure and manufacturing sectors; Katharine Davies is experienced in both institutional and ad hoc arbitrations; and London and Paris-based Jean-François Le Gal is 'simply outstanding'. The team also comprises Africa specialist Rob WilkinsGurmukh Riyat and Charles Blamire Brown, who both act in infrastructure and energy disputes; 'outstanding professional' Clea Bigelow-Nuttall; and Daniel Gardiner, who acts in international arbitration under various institutional rules. In a major boost to the practice, Sylvia Tonova, who is particularly focused on disputes between foreign investors and governments; and co-head of investor-state dispute settlement and public international law, Graham Coop, both joined as partners during 2023 from Jones Day and Volterra Fietta, respectively.

Practice head(s):

Jason Hambury

Other key lawyers:

Katharine Davies; Jean-François Le Gal; Rob Wilkins; Gurmukh Riyat; Charles Blamire Brown; Clea Bigelow-Nuttall; Daniel Gardiner; Sylvia Tonova; Graham Coop


‘An excellent team. Very user friendly and rapidly expanding into all areas of international arbitration.’

‘Rob Wilkins is a brilliant arbitration practitioner. He is vastly experienced and has judgement that is second to none. A great strategist and always one step ahead of the other side.’

‘Jean-François Le Gal is simply outstanding. He combines a busy practice as counsel with a growing practice as an arbitrator – a real star.’

Work highlights

  • Acting for an E&P company in arbitration proceedings that concern a post-M&A dispute involving offshore oil and gas assets.
  • Acting in an LCIA arbitration, in relation to a shareholder dispute involving a renewable energy company.
  • Acting in the enforcement of an LCIA award through the Commercial Court.

Quinn Emanuel Urquhart & Sullivan, LLP

Quinn Emanuel Urquhart & Sullivan, LLP 's London investment treaty and commercial arbitration practice handles mega-value claims involving the oil and gas, mining, energy, telecoms, construction and infrastructure sectors. Global international arbitration practice chair, Stephen Jagusch KC, specialises in international commercial and investment treaty arbitration work; Anthony Sinclair is 'both an impressive arbitration lawyer and an excellent advocate'; Epaminontas Triantafilou's track record includes arbitrations arising from government contracts, joint ventures, shareholder agreements, patent licensing disputes, and construction agreements; and Ted Greeno is an oil, gas, and power sector expert. Other key practitioners are construction and engineering group chair James BremenAlex Gerbi, who is 'the full package'; commercial disputes specialist Julianne Hughes-Jennett; construction arbitration expert Mark Grasso; and Gregory Pantlin, who is experienced in arbitrations under the LCIA, ICC, SCC and LME rules. Peter Hillerstrom, Manthi Wickrama-sooriya and Jagdish Menezes are active of counsels.

Practice head(s):

Stephen Jagusch KC; Anthony Sinclair; Epaminontas Triantafilou

Other key lawyers:

Ted Greeno; James Bremen; Alex Gerbi; Julianne Hughes-Jennett; Mark Grasso; Gregory Pantlin; Peter Hillerstrom; Manthi Wickrama-sooriya; Jagdish Menezes; Elizabeth Wilson; Adam McWilliams; Nick Marsh; Marina Boterashvili


‘A lean, slick operation with a high concentration of legal superstars specialising in litigation in London.’

‘As befits its level of skill, there are no airs and graces, just quality product.’

‘The associates punch years above their weight, and the partners are actively involved in key decisions, adding real value. The best litigators in London, attracting jealousy from competitors.’

Key clients

DP World-Djibouti


Qatar Foundation for Education, Science and Community Development

Work highlights

  • Representing companies in the DP World group in several international arbitrations administered by the LCIA against the Republic of Djibouti and associated state-controlled entities.
  • Representing DP World in an arbitration against Port de Djibouti, in relation to alleged breaches of a joint venture agreement.
  • Representing two private equity firms in an arbitration concerning the sale of a $750m business.


Ashurst‘s London practice consistently acts in high-value gas pricing and supply disputes. The team is also regularly involved in commercial arbitrations concerning renewables projects. Focused on oil, gas and renewables claims, Matthew Saunders is global international arbitration head; Dyfan Owen specialises in engineering, infrastructure and construction-related arbitrations; Emma Johnson is 'highly skilled'; Myfanwy Wood is a global energy and resources disputes expert; and Tom Cummins is also an international arbitration specialist. Thomas Karalis is an experienced counsel, while senior associates Amy CableHarsh Hari HaranLucy McKenzieJoseph Harrington and Aimee Ward are also key practice members. The practice received a significant boost in summer 2023 with the addition of Philip Chong, DLA Piper's former head of international arbitration in Europe.

Practice head(s):

Matthew Saunders

Other key lawyers:

Dyfan Owen; Emma Johnson; Myfanwy Wood; Tom Cummins; Thomas Karalis; Amy Cable; Harsh Hari Haran; Lucy McKenzie; Joseph Harrington; Aimee Ward; Simon Bromwich; Tom Duncan; Matthew Harnett; Philip Chong


‘Matthew Saunders has a wide spectrum of experience in international arbitration and his understanding of regional contexts is unique.’

‘Matthew Saunders’ strategic vision is exceptional, and he is extremely effective in the cross-examination of expert witnesses.’

‘Aimee Ward has the ability to synthesise large quantities of information from various sources and an excellent knowledge of the arbitral rules and proceedings.’

Baker McKenzie

Able to deliver under intense pressure‘, Baker McKenzie‘s London practice comprises specialist knowledge of financial and M&A arbitrations. The firm also houses energy, mining, infrastructure and construction disputes experts. Commercial and investor-state arbitration practitioner Andy Moody is 'always ahead of the game'; Ed Poulton focuses on post-M&A disputes, financial services-related claims, and investor-state arbitrations; Steve Abraham provides ' very pragmatic advice'; Kate Corby specialises in construction and engineering disputes; and Judith Mulhollandknows her cases very well‘. At senior associate level, Richard MolesworthAnjuli Patel and Doğan Gültutan all maintain active international arbitration practices.

Practice head(s):

Steve Abraham; Ed Poulton; Andy Moody

Other key lawyers:

Kate Corby; Judith Mulholland; Richard Molesworth; Anjuli Patel; Doğan Gültutan


On top of the detail, familiar with the client’s requirements, and able to deliver under intense pressure.’

‘Steve Abraham – very knowledgeable and very pragmatic advice.’

‘Andy Moody is a professional with his own style. He is a knowledgeable and experienced counsel. Very reliable and a pleasure to work with – always ahead of the game.’

Key clients

Anaklia Development Consortium

State of Kuwait


Compagnie d’Electricite du Senegal

Work highlights

  • Acting for Anaklia Development Consortium in a $1.5bn investor-state arbitration, arising out of the Anaklia port (a large infrastructure project on the Black Sea).
  • Defending the State of Kuwait against a prominent Egyptian family’s ICSID proceedings concerning the development of a heritage site in Kuwait City centre.
  • Acting for Norland Suzor and his investment company, SBEC, in a $1.1bn ICSID claim against the State of Senegal under the Mauritius – Senegal bilateral investment treaty, the matter based on Senegal’s expropriation of an investment in a large coal power plant.

Bryan Cave Leighton Paisner

Bryan Cave Leighton Paisner‘s 'highly efficient team' has an enviable track record in cross-border disputes, particularly in relation to Africa, continental Europe, Russia, India, Pakistan and Israel. Global arbitration group co-head, George Burn, is a specialist in both commercial arbitration and investor-state arbitration proceedings; Roman Khodykin acts in corporate, shareholder, reinsurance and energy disputes; and Claire Morel de Westgaver is experienced in claims over technology, corporate transactions, licenses, and cross-border sale agreements. At senior associate level, Nadia Hubbuck acts in international commercial arbitrations administered under the rules of major international arbitral institutions, as well as in ad hoc proceedings.

Practice head(s):

George Burn

Other key lawyers:

Roman Khodykin; Claire Morel de Westgaver; Nadia Hubbuck; Sara Paradisi


‘Claire Morel de Westgaver is eminently practical and highly knowledgeable.’

‘A highly efficient team that provides timely feedback.’

All very good lawyers who provide timely and helpful advice.

‘Roman Khodykin and Nadia Hubbuck are two standout individuals. They always come up with fantastic ideas and they are a true pleasure to work with.’

Key clients


Work highlights

  • Successfully represented Rus Hydro in a high-profile treaty claim against the Republic of Kyrgyzstan, the dispute relating to the cancellation of a series of hydropower projects.


CMS' 'highly effective and efficient team' acts in arbitrations across the energy, infrastructure, construction, TMT, insurance, and life sciences sectors. The group also assists with disputes concerning climate change, as well as matters involving the intersection between IP rights and arbitration. The team is co-led by international commercial arbitration specialist Richard Bamforth, and mining, energy, and oil and gas disputes expert Sarah Vasani. Also key to the practice, Guy Pendell is 'a master strategist'; Phillip Ashley acts in energy-related claims; Adrian Bell is a Middle East specialist; Sarah Grenfell handles large-scale disputes; and Kushal Gandhi has an 'excellent legal mind'.

Practice head(s):

Richard Bamforth; Sarah Vasani

Other key lawyers:

Guy Pendell; Phillip Ashley; Adrian Bell; Sarah Grenfell; Rob Wilson; Louise Boswell; Kushal Gandhi; Luke Pardey; Emma Schaafsma


‘A combination of legal talent, hard work, pragmatism and commercial nous make this a highly effective and efficient team for commercial arbitration.’

‘Richard Bamforth and his team are diligent, amiable, knowledgeable, and cost-sensitive.’

‘Guy Pendell is a master strategist with a fantastic ability to think five steps ahead.’

Key clients

Patel Engineering


'A go-to firm for international arbitration', Dentons regularly represents energy corporations in major commercial and investor-state arbitrations. The practice also has a strong track record in the telecoms, infrastructure, financial services, sports and hospitality sectors. Dan Bodle, whose work usually involves Africa, the Middle East or Asia, recently took over from energy commercial arbitration specialist Liz Tout as litigation and arbitration practice head. James Langley acts in both commercial and investor-state matters; Dominic Pellew is experienced in disputes involving Russian and former Soviet Union parties; and counsel Matthew Vinall and senior associate Catherine Gilfedder are also active group members.

Practice head(s):

Dan Bodle

Other key lawyers:

Liz Tout; James Langley; Dominic Pellew; Matthew Vinall; Catherine Gilfedder


‘The team is very knowledgeable, experienced and competent.’

‘They easily understand the key issues and are able to give highly valued advice and present good solutions. In addition, the team responds quickly and with very good quality on request.’

‘Delivers on time with good results.’

Key clients

HM Government

Newcastle United Football Club

Sony Corporation



Perenco Energies International


Future Pipe International

Government of India


Avis Budget Group

National Bank of Canada

Crossbridge Energy

West Indian Ocean Cable Company

Kenya Broadcasting Corporation


Network Rail Infrastructure

Work highlights

  • Assisted NUFC with its high profile arbitration proceedings brought against The Football Association Premier League (EPL), concerning the well-publicised decision of the EPL in relation to the acquisition of NUFC by a consortium.
  • Assisted the Government of India with its longstanding UNCITRAL arbitration against Reliance Industries and BG Group, concerning an upstream oil and gas project in India, including in relation to challenges to an arbitration award.
  • Assisting the Government of India with its defence to a $275m claim by a UAE entity, the Ras Al-Khaimah Investment Authority, under the India-UAE BIT.

DLA Piper

DLA Piper‘s team conducts international commercial arbitrations stemming from Asia, Africa, Europe and North America. James Carter – who is also the head of the firm’s UK energy and natural resources practice – is described as ‘a fantastic lawyer‘; while Jeremy Andrews focuses on corporate disputes. The group also features international arbitration partners Edward Shaw and Jeremy Sher, while London and Madrid-based of counsel Ben Sanderson is the international arbitration group’s global practice manager. Other key names are legal director Jue Jun Lu, and senior associates Serena CookeMaria ScottChloe Mears and Hui Chee.

Other key lawyers:

James Carter; Jeremy Andrews; Edward Shaw; Jeremy Sher; Ben Sanderson; Jue Jun Lu; Serena Cooke; Maria Scott; Chloe Mears; Hui Chee


‘The DLA team is very professional, responsible, and timely in its responses.’

‘Jeremy Andrews is a very capable partner who handles a lot of shareholder disputes.’

‘James Carter is a fantastic lawyer. He is to the point, sharp, pragmatic and innovative.’

‘The DLA team has a clear division of work and often engages in very useful brainstorming discussions.’

‘The team consists of highly capable lawyers who deliver fit-for-purpose advice and pragmatic solutions.’

Eversheds Sutherland (International) LLP

Eversheds Sutherland (International) LLP has 'very broad experience in acting in high-value international arbitrations'. The UK team has particular expertise in the energy, infrastructure, industrial, and trade sectors, as well as disputes involving joint ventures, shareholders and M&A-related claims. International commercial and investor-state arbitration expert, Jonathan Leach, is global international arbitration co-chair; Richard Little is a key international commercial disputes practitioner; and Sheena Buddhdev's broad practice incorporates international arbitration work. Cameron ForsaithKate Lomas and Luisa Zukowski are experienced principal associates. Former partners Greg Falkof and Claire Stockford recently departed for Mishcon de Reya LLP and Quadrant Chambers, respectively.

Practice head(s):

Jonathan Leach

Other key lawyers:

Richard Little; Sheena Buddhdev; Cameron Forsaith; Kate Lomas; Luisa Zukowski; Mark Howarth; Alex Cook; Neil Donald; Michael Armstrong: Katia Finkel


‘They have very broad experience in acting in high-value international arbitrations all over the world.’

‘Jonathan Leach has great attention to detail and leaves no stone unturned.’

‘Mark Howarth is simply superb, who has the confidence of high-ranking government officials in the energy sector.’

‘Mark Howarth and Alex Cook are both particularly impressive. Responsive and technically excellent.’

‘A truly excellent team. There isn’t an aspect of international arbitration work that they have not come across.’

‘Katia Finkel is hardworking but also super-smart. Her knowledge of international arbitration – both procedures and practices – is impeccable. She comes up with solutions that basically rescue cases.’

‘Cameron Forsaith is very sharp and a pleasure to deal with.’

‘Luisa Zukowski is particularly diligent, knowledgable and helpful.’

Key clients

Brown-Forman Beverages Europe

Annington Property

Malaysia’s Minister of Finance (Incorporated)


Development Berhad

Government of Libya

Work highlights

  • Acted for the Government of Malaysia in a challenge to an arbitral award, arising out of a mega-value fraud.
  • Acted for Brown Forman Beverages Europe in a high-value dispute with Bacardi-Martini.
  • Acted for the National Iranian Oil Company in an arbitration concerning sales of Iranian gas to the UAE under a long-term gas sales agreement.

Kirkland & Ellis International LLP

Regularly handling some of the market's most significant commercial and investor-state arbitrations, Kirkland & Ellis International LLP‘s London team 'always does its utmost to secure wins for clients'. Leading the London office's international arbitration group, the 'vastly experienced' Rajinder Bassi has extensive experience in commercial and investor-state arbitrations, while Jon Newman routinely handles institutional arbitrations at global levels. Noah Stewart-Ornstein, whose practice incorporates joint venture and shareholder disputes, along with complex contractual claims, was elevated to partner level in October 2022.

Practice head(s):

Rajinder Bassi

Other key lawyers:

Jon Newman; Noah Stewart-Ornstein


‘Experienced partners, and enthusiastic and diligent associates.’

‘Rajinder Bassi is vastly experienced and brings a clear head to provide practical solutions.’

‘Kirkland’s practice is unique for its preparation of cases and the close relationship created by its lawyers and staff with clients.’

Noah Stewart-Ornstein is enthusiastic and diligent, and always looking for creative ideas.

‘Kirkland & Ellis has a stellar and leading practice in this area. They also have a strong following in the market and benefit from great global coverage, which provides a source of referrals for the London team.’

‘Always does its utmost to secure wins for clients and provides a simply incredible service that is second to none. One particular feature of Kirkland & Ellis’ offering is that they are real leaders in the field of investment arbitration.’

Key clients

Agility Group

Ping An Insurance Company of China

Dow Chemical

General Motors

Samsung Electronics Company

EN+ Group

Work highlights

  • Representing one of the world’s largest equipment manufacturers in a series of arbitrations, arising out of a dispute with a former distributor.
  • Representing one of the world’s largest independent dermatology companies in a variety of disputes, relating to the distribution and licensing of a key product.
  • Representing an investment firm in a joint venture dispute that relates to a power project in the US.

Linklaters LLP

Routinely instructed by corporations and states for heavyweight investment and commercial arbitrations, Linklaters LLP‘s ‘international arbitration team has great depth and truly global reach‘. The global international arbitration practice is co-chaired by investment arbitration specialist Matthew Weiniger KC and energy disputes leader Ben Carroll. The team also comprises Teresa Laboucarie-Polak, who is experienced in arbitrations under all major institutional rules, and is ‘exceptional at what she does‘; and Tom Lidstrom, who focuses on Eastern Europe and Africa-related disputes. Jacqueline Chaplin is an experienced counsel, while managing associates Alex Fawke, Joanne Denton and William Chan are also key department members.

Practice head(s):

Ben Carroll; Matthew Weiniger KC

Other key lawyers:

Ben Carroll; Teresa Laboucarie-Polak; Tom Lidstrom; Jacqueline Chaplin; Alex Fawke; Joanne Denton; William Chan


The Linklaters international arbitration team has great depth and truly global reach. Very strong in complex commercial disputes in the energy and resources sector – very innovative, using the inherent flexibility of arbitration to a maximum advantage.

‘Very hands on and diverse team. Always thinking outside the box and very committed to delivering the best result for clients.’

‘Despite complex and sometimes challenging subject matters, the team has a very friendly culture and team spirit.’

‘Goes the extra mile to maximise outcomes for clients.’

‘Without any danger of exaggeration, Teresa Laboucarie-Polak and her team are among the best lawyers around. Professional, highly skilled, and a pleasure to deal with. In the nicest possible way, they wipe the floor with the opposition.’

‘Teresa Laboucarie-Polak is outstanding, in that she is exceptional at what she does.’

‘A special mention must go to Ben Carroll – great understanding of disputes, good availability, ability to grasp market concepts quickly, and good preparation for hearings.’

Alex Fawke – very strong ability.

Key clients

Islamic Republic of Pakistan

HSBC Alternative Investments

Enagas Internacional

Work highlights

  • Represented (as co-counsel) the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, in seeking the annulment of an award rendered in favour of Tethyan Copper Company.
  • Representing HSBC in a potential investment treaty claim against the Republic of El Salvador under the UK-El Salvador bilateral investment Treaty, the claim relating to an El Salvadorian subsidiary of HSBC, which sought to enforce a loan agreement against a defaulting borrower in El Salvador.
  • Representing Enagas in a $350m ICSID arbitration against Peru, in relation to certain measures adopted by Peru that limit Enagas’ right to transfer dividends abroad.

Mayer Brown International LLP

Mayer Brown International LLP‘s London practice represents clients in commercial and corporate disputes concerning energy, infrastructure, and leisure. The group is also active in new areas such as outer space and hydrogen-related claims. Raid Abu-Manneh is 'competent, helpful and dedicated'; Mark Stefanini is London energy disputes leader; Miles Robinson track record includes ICC, LCIA and LMAA arbitrations; Kwadwo Sarkodie is a Sub-Saharan Africa specialist; and Luiz Aboim is 'a diligent disputes lawyer'. The group also features partners Rachael O’Grady, Stephen Moi and recently-elevated Sam Prentki, along with senior associates Volodymyr YaremkoJawad Ahmad, Jonathan Cohen and Sang Joon Park.

Practice head(s):

Raid Abu-Manneh

Other key lawyers:

Mark Stefanini; Kwadwo Sarkodie; Luiz Aboim; Rachael O’Grady; Stephen Moi; Sam Prentki; Volodymyr Yaremko; Jawad Ahmad; Jonathan Cohen; Sang Joon Park; Ali Auda; Line Chataud; Rhys Morgan; Marcelo Richter; Havin Jagtiani; Thais Stella; Alanood Sinjab


‘A resourceful and mature team.’

‘Raid Abu-Manneh heads a well-respected team.’

‘Raid Abu-Manneh makes a very good impression. Competent, helpful and dedicated.’

‘Raid Abu-Manneh is a good leader – he is low-key and a good strategist, with a very good understanding of business and the construction industry.’

‘Luiz Aboim is a sharp and diligent disputes lawyer, who deeply involves himself in matters. His advice goes beyond the dispute, focusing on the problem’s solution as well as risk avoidance.’

‘Stephen Moi is a clever partner with excellent judgement.’

‘Jawad Ahmad is up and coming, and has deep arbitration knowledge.’

‘Unlike some other legal teams, Mayer Brown ensures significant junior involvement on fact-intensive tasks. This significantly reduces costs and enables more senior members of the team to get a head start on review and analysis work. This ensures clients get very high-quality advice from senior members of the team at a lower cost.’

Key clients

Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Petronas Petróleo Brasil

Petro Rio Jaguar Petróleo

Visor Engineering

Veolia Propreté

Veolia Environment

Work highlights

  • Acted for Petróleo Brasileiro in an ICC arbitration against the National Agency of Petroleum, Natural Gas and Biofuels, in relation to a concession contract.
  • Acting for Petro Rio Jaguar Petróleo in an ICC arbitration, commenced by IBV Brasil Petróleo, in relation to a joint operating agreement entered into for the exploration, development and production of oil and natural gas.
  • Represented Visor Engineering and Gökhan Arasli in a high-value dispute against Turkmenistan.

Mishcon de Reya LLP

Mishcon de Reya LLP‘s ‘international arbitration team is going from strength to strength‘. The practice invested heavily in its partner-level offering during 2022, with energy disputes specialist Alexander Slade and ‘superstarGreg Falkof recruited from Vinson & Elkins RLLP and Eversheds Sutherland (International) LLP, respectively. ‘Brilliant‘ practice head Louis Flannery KC has extensive international commercial arbitration experience; Zachary Segal‘s track record includes numerous ad hoc and institutional arbitrations; and managing associate Heidi Walsh is ‘detail oriented and very reactive‘. Within the firm’s associate pool, Paul Stokes is a recent hire from Enyo Law LLP, while Jack Burstyn is ‘very committed‘.

Practice head(s):

Louis Flannery KC

Other key lawyers:

Alexander Slade; Greg Falkof; Zachary Segal; Heidi Walsh; Paul Stokes; Jack Burstyn


‘The Mishcon international arbitration team is going from strength to strength. They have some first-rate talent in their team and are developing real depth to the group.’

‘Clinical in the running of cases, and clients have full confidence that the firm is on top of every detail of the case.’

‘Very strong team with the brilliant Louis Flannery KC heading it.’

‘Greg Falkof is a superstar. He is an intellectual powerhouse and master strategist, and has the complete respect of his clients, opponents and tribunals.’

‘Greg Falkof is completely committed to his clients and achieving the best outcome. His clients trust him blindly. There is no one who is more on top of the detail of a case than Greg – a go-to person for any international arbitration.’

‘Alexander Slade is a great lawyer – always available to support clients, and he has strategic vision, deep knowledge of construction disputes, and an easygoing manner.’

‘Alexander Slade is an outstanding lawyer with a firm grasp of oil and gas exploration and production sharing contracts. His style of argument is unique and very convincing.’

‘Jack Burstyn is a great worker who is very committed, and Heidi Walsh is detail oriented and very reactive.’

Key clients

Federal Republic of Nigeria

Petraco Oil Company

Diag Human

The Union of India

Work highlights

  • Representing the Federal Republic of Nigeria in seeking to set aside an arbitration award worth $11bn, on the basis that the arbitration award was procured by fraud.
  • Representing Diag Human and Josef Stava in defending the setting aside of an arbitration award worth approximately $600m.
  • Representing the Union of India in challenging a partial arbitral award, which related to a dispute over an offshore oilfield concession.

Norton Rose Fulbright

Norton Rose Fulbright routinely acts across several jurisdictions from the outset of disputes. The team also assists at award enforcement stages. Paul Stothard recently relocated to London from Dubai, where he was disputes head; Holly Stebbing is 'a real arbitration specialist'; and Patrick Bourke is a Middle East expert. Senior associate Joseph Bentley has 'a phenomenal ability to understand complexity'. Former partners Matthew Buckle and James Rogers have left the firm, the latter at Jenner & Block LLP since February 2023.

Other key lawyers:

Paul Stothard; Holly Stebbing; Patrick Bourke; Joseph Bentley; Ruth Cowley


‘Norton Rose Fulbright is a true market leader in international arbitration. They really know what they are talking about, whether it be ad hoc or institutional arbitrations.’

‘They have a team of extremely good partners and associates, and are always well-resourced, with good partner and associate availability.’

‘Holly Stebbing is incredibly bright, hardworking and tactically astute.’

‘Holly Stebbing is a real arbitration specialist – able to take on the really big complex and technical cases and win them.’

‘Outstanding individuals at every level. Paul Stothard is an incredibly powerful legal analyst, who can see all the main drivers in any case, as well as the levers available to his client.’

‘Joseph Bentley has a phenomenal ability to understand complexity and detail, whilst also being able to evaluate these in the context of the bigger picture, including advising on both the legal and commercial tactics to use to encourage resolution of the dispute.’

Key clients



Sonangol PP


Oil and Natural Gas Corporation of India

Reed Smith LLP

'One of the best arbitration teams around', Reed Smith LLP has notable commercial arbitration expertise. The group also incorporates investment treaty arbitration work. London and Singapore-based Gautam Bhattacharyya specialises in international commercial arbitrations; and consultant and investment treaty international arbitration expert Belinda Paisley divides her time between London and Kazakhstan. Also integral to the group, recently-elevated partner Suzie Savage has 'extraordinary forensic abilities', while Patrick Beale focuses on international disputes. Simon Greer and Alexander Sandiforth are other key partners, and senior associate Lucy Winnington-Ingram 'has the potential to go very far'. Former partner Chloe Carswell joined gunnercooke LLP in August 2023.

Practice head(s):

Gautam Bhattacharyya

Other key lawyers:

Belinda Paisley; Suzie Savage; Patrick Beale; Alex Andrews; Simon Greer; Alexander Sandiforth; Lucy Winnington-Ingram


‘The Reed Smith London international arbitration practice has extensive experience in both commercial and investor-state arbitration, regularly acting in high-value and complex disputes against other top-ranked practices.’

‘Lawyers with market-leading experience in early-stage extractive industries disputes, and in CIS-related matters.’

‘Patrick Beale is a first-rate lawyer with excellent technical skills, finely-tuned strategic instincts, and a formidable work ethic. He is especially impressive in complex and highly-technical disputes requiring close collaboration across multiple disciplines of expert evidence.’

Simmons & Simmons

A go-to firm for the most complex and substantial matters‘, Simmons & Simmons acts in commercial arbitration proceedings involving the firm’s core sectors, namely TMT, financial institutions, energy, construction and infrastructure. The team also acts in high-profile annulment and enforcement proceedings. Stuart Dutson is ‘one of the leading international arbitration partners of his generation‘; Jayne Bentham specialises in telecoms and energy-related matters; Ed Crosse is experienced in proceedings involving CIS parties; and UK dispute head Emily Monastiriotis is a construction disputes expert. Counsel Basil Woodd-Walker focuses on disputes raising environmental, social and governance issues, while senior associate Jonathan Schuman is ‘phenomenal‘.

Practice head(s):

Stuart Dutson

Other key lawyers:

Jayne Bentham; Ed Crosse; Emily Monastiriotis; Basil Woodd-Walker; Jonathan Schuman


‘A go-to firm for the most complex and substantial matters.’

‘Matters are handled as clients would expect from Stuart Dutson and his team – brilliantly.’

‘Stuart Dutson is one of the leading international arbitration partners of his generation and an absolute star in terms of work product and client management.’

Key clients

Mauritanian Copper Mines

Kingdom of Spain

Republic of Indonesia

Work highlights

  • Currently representing Mauritanian Copper Mines in an ICSID arbitration against the Islamic Republic of Mauritania.
  • Representing Spain in resisting the recognition and enforcement in England of an ICSID award of over €120m, made under the Energy Charter Treaty in favour of Infrastructure Services Luxembourg and Energia Termosolar.
  • Instructed by Spain to launch and coordinate multi-jurisdictional anti-enforcement proceedings across Europe.

Slaughter and May

Slaughter and May has 'one of the most experienced and intelligent arbitration teams in London'. The practice has extensive experience in large-scale arbitrations under all the major institutional rules. It also acts in arbitration-related court proceedings in the English and overseas courts. James Stacey focuses on international commercial arbitrations; Damian Taylor 'fights an incredible fight'; Efstathios Michael acts in energy sector disputes; and Jonathan Clark routinely acts in substantial arbitrations. The next line of key practitioners features Peter Wickham, who is 'making a huge name for himself'; and recently-promoted commercial dispute resolution partner Megan Sandler.

Practice head(s):

James Stacey; Damian Taylor

Other key lawyers:

Efstathios Michael; Jonathan Clark; Peter Wickham; Megan Sandler; Smriti Sriram


‘One of the most experienced and intelligent arbitration teams in London. Understated and with exceptional-quality associates, who are standouts in their fields.’

‘Damian Taylor – a partner who clients love, and who fights an incredible fight. Someone clients want in their corner.’

‘James Stacey – to his clients and team, he is a hardworking gentleman, while to his opponents he is equally smooth, but disarmingly effective.’

James Stacey has superb strategic vision and client management skills.’

‘Efstathios Michael is the best in the business, and Megan Sandler is a new partner and total superstar’.

‘Peter Wickham – a new partner who is making a huge name for himself. Winning cases left, right and centre. He is switched on, commercial and personable.’

‘Absolute stellar team and practice – for the highest value/most intellectually demanding arbitration, Slaughters is at the very top of the tree.’

‘Remarkable quality from top to bottom.’

Watson Farley & Williams LLP

With 'excellent instincts when it comes to international disputes', Watson Farley & Williams LLP‘s practice stands out for its specialist sector expertise in energy, transport and infrastructure across the firm's international network. Construction and energy disputes expert Rebecca Williams is 'a fighter that clients want in their corner'; Rob Fidoe acts in ad hoc and institutional arbitrations under various rules; Mike Phillips is maritime disputes leader; Andrew Ward specialises in heavyweight international arbitration; and Andrew Hutcheon is 'skilled at securing good outcomes'. Mark McAllister-Jones is a recently-elevated counsel, while Archit DhirAlexander Creswick and Jack Moulder are experienced senior associates.

Practice head(s):

Rebecca Williams; Rob Fidoe

Other key lawyers:

Mike Phillips; Andrew Ward; Andrew Hutcheon; Mark McAllister-Jones; Archit Dhir; Alexander Creswick; Jack Moulder; Alexis Martinez


‘The commercial disputes team at WFW is a delight to work with.’

‘Extremely sharp, hardworking, and have excellent instincts when it comes to international disputes.’

‘They really know what they are doing in international arbitration, and take care to manage the process at every stage to put their clients in the best possible position.’

‘Rebecca Williams is an outstanding disputes lawyer. Her instincts in relation to strategy and how matters are likely to be received by a tribunal are always spot on; and when dealing with difficult opponents, she is a fighter that clients want in their corner.’

Regardless of the size or complexity of a dispute, Mark McAllister-Jones is all over the detail. Even at crunch points, he manages to ensure that everything is under control and difficult issues are dealt with promptly, carefully and skilfully. He is an excellent disputes lawyer.

‘Andrew Hutcheon is highly experienced, conscientious of the needs of his clients, and skilled at securing good outcomes for them.’

‘Rob Fidoe is an outstanding lawyer – adept at managing complex technical disputes and with a good eye for the issues that are important in a dispute. Rob’s easygoing manner is very popular with clients and other team members, who find him very easy to work with.’

Alexander Creswick is extremely bright, and shows maturity and ability beyond his years. He is dependable and unflappable – a partner in the making.

Work highlights

  • Acting for a project developer and EPC contractor in consolidated LCIA arbitration proceedings, in respect of a framework purchase agreement to procure approximately $140m of PV panels and equipment for 13 solar projects.
  • Successfully representing a state-owned energy company in LCIA proceedings (and related injunctive and anti-suit applications), which relate to a dispute under a matched sale-purchase agreement for the supply of 60 LNG cargoes.
  • Acting for vessel owners in a complex dispute in the maritime sector, involving the interpretation and enforcement of vessel pooling arrangements where the claims and counterclaims are over £3.5bn.

Winston & Strawn LLP

Winston & Strawn LLP’s 'international arbitration team is absolutely first-rate'. The firm's London office acts as the coordinating hub for major international disputes across Europe and the Middle East, as well as the US, Latin America and Asia. International arbitration chair Michael Stepek is ‘the standout partner without a doubt‘; Matthew Bate is a US-trained trial lawyer with longstanding experience as counsel in international arbitration proceedings; Ben Bruton is 'a first-class lawyer'; and Daniel Meagher acts in both commercial and investor-state arbitrations. Suzanne Labi, Jake White, Freya MacCormack, Juliette Huard-Bourgois and Agustin Spotorno are the associates to note.

Practice head(s):

Michael Stepek

Other key lawyers:

Matthew Bate; Ben Bruton; Daniel Meagher; Suzanne Labi; Jake White; Freya MacCormack; Juliette Huard-Bourgois; Agustin Spotorno


‘The international arbitration team is absolutely first rate. It provides a high-quality service with strong depth.’

‘A deep bench of talent with great resources.’

‘The standout partner without a doubt is Michael Stepek. He has over three decades of experience in international arbitration and it shows. He is able to understand the essence of any dispute very early on, and to come up with a strategy that will get the best result for his client.’

‘Michael Stepek’s work is always timely and his bills are fair. He is one of the most persuasive lawyers around.’

‘Ben Bruton is a first-class lawyer. He is highly respected and sought after for international commercial arbitrations.’

‘Ben Bruton is completely committed to his clients, all of whom trust him completely and have complete confidence in his advice and strategy. He is a fantastic team player, provides commercial and sound advice, and is able to cut through the issues to get to the heart of the dispute.’

Jake White is a great asset to every case. He is exceptionally bright, and able to provide comprehensive, but commercial, advice. His written work is brilliant, and he is very friendly and approachable.

‘This team’s core strength is getting results. They think creatively and understand the commercial aspects of any dispute completely. They come up with strategies that other firms, which think less creatively, miss.’

Key clients

Food Delivery Holding 12

Dominion Minerals Corp

Work highlights

  • Achieved a victory for Delivery Hero in a €3bn bet-the-company shareholder dispute to determine ownership and control of Hungerstation, an online food delivery operator in the Middle East.
  • Achieved victory for Dominion Minerals Corp in its claims, brought pursuant to the Treaty between the US and the Republic of Panama, concerning the Treatment and Protection of Investments (arising out of an investment in a copper and gold concession).
  • Representing two scions of the oldest private banking family in Geneva, in an arbitration proceeding  against all the former partners of the private bank.

Withers LLP

Withers LLP‘s ‘fantastic team of very capable international lawyers‘ consistently handles international arbitrations involving Africa, the Middle East and Asia, as well as Russia and CIS countries. Hussein Haeri KC is ‘very knowledgeable about international arbitration‘, while Eleni Polycarpou acts in international arbitration proceedings under a range of arbitration rules. Tatiana Menshenina is experienced in disputes involving Russia, Ukraine and the CIS; Peter Wood is dispute resolution head; Roberto Moruzzi acts in commercial arbitrations; and Geoffrey Cox KC is the firm’s consultant global counsel. Other key names are special counsel Robert Kovacs, and senior associates Camilla Gambarini and Ruzin Dagli.

Practice head(s):

Hussein Haeri KC; Eleni Polycarpou

Other key lawyers:

Eleni Polycarpou; Tatiana Menshenina; Peter Wood; Roberto Moruzzi; Geoffrey Cox KC; Robert Kovacs; Camilla Gambarini; Ruzin Dagli; Lesley Timms; Aniruddha Rajput


‘Fantastic team of very capable international lawyers.’

‘Withers represents a lean team that offers great value to clients.’

‘Hussein Haeri is excellent – very knowledgeable about international arbitration and highly experienced.’

‘The team has very hardworking senior associates and very strategic partners.’

‘Tatiana Menshenina is a very strategic partner – she always thinks several steps ahead and keeps the broad picture of an arbitration in mind.’

Combines hard work, common sense and a keen eye for detail.

‘Strong across both commercial and investment disputes.’

‘Particular strength in CIS-related arbitration and very good communication skills.’

Key clients

Frazer Solar

Zhongshan Fucheng Industrial Investment Co

Qatar National Bank


Government of Ukraine

Scholz Holding

Work highlights

  • Acting for Qatar National Bank in a $800m commercial arbitration, arising out of breaches of a loan agreement.
  • Acting for Gesenu, an Italian waste management company, in an ICSID arbitration against the Arab Republic of Egypt.
  • Successfully obtained an award in favour of Zhongshan Fucheng Industrial Investment Co, in an ad hoc investment treaty arbitration against the Federal Republic of Nigeria (arising out of breaches of the China-Nigeria BIT).

Addleshaw Goddard

Addleshaw Goddard‘s ‘extremely strong practice‘ has notable experience in major London-seated international arbitrations that stem from investments and projects in Africa. Other areas of strength are energy, life sciences, insurance, and construction sector disputes. The team is also increasingly instructed in investment treaty matters. Jon Tweedale is 'a leading figure in the field'; Simon Kamstra specialises in energy arbitrations; Lauren Hamilton has substantial international arbitration experience; and legal director Nathalie Allen acts in international commercial arbitrations and investor-state disputes.

Practice head(s):

Jon Tweedale; Simon Kamstra

Other key lawyers:

Lauren Hamilton; Nathalie Allen; Ben Burnham; Canelle Goldstein


Honest with clients while providing the best advice.’

‘They are responsive to clients’ enquiries and follow up on their work extremely well.’

‘Attention to detail and no-nonsense advocacy.’

‘Addleshaw Goddard has an extremely strong practice in this area, benefiting in particular from the skills and experience of standout individual Jon Tweedale.’

‘Jon Tweedale has superstar qualities and is a leading figure in the field – incredibly responsive, intelligent and hardworking. He is very analytically astute and a fantastic lawyer overall.’

‘Jon Tweedle and Nathalie Allen do a superb job – they familiarise themselves with very complicated situations and defend clients’ positions extremely well.’

‘An exceptionally skilled team of individuals, who provide advice that is always considered and on-point. They have developed a very strong following in the market.’

Key clients


The Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Dassault Aviation

Work highlights

  • Represented French defence contractor Dassault Aviation in a successful jurisdiction challenge to an arbitral award.

Arnold & Porter

Arnold & Porter has 'an outstanding reputation for its representation of sovereign states in high-value international arbitration proceedings'. The team's has notable disputes expertise in the life sciences, construction, energy, natural resources, engineering, aerospace and financial services sectors. Patricio Grané Labat 'handles high-stake disputes with ease'; David Reed has longstanding experience in international arbitration claims; and Monty Taylor represents corporations, individuals and governments in international arbitration proceedings. Jane Wessel's practice also incorporates international commercial and investor state arbitrations.

Practice head(s):

Patricio Grané Labat; David Reed; Monty Taylor

Other key lawyers:

Hilton Mervis; Charlotte Mallorie; Álvaro Nistal; Alastair Brown; Bart Wasiak; Timothy Smyth; Alice Osman


The A&P team has an outstanding reputation for its representation of sovereign states in high-value international arbitration proceedings, particularly in the infrastructure, mining and oil and gas sectors.

The team is made up of native Spanish speakers with several decades of experience in high-stakes investor-state arbitrations.

An excellent arbitration team with different expertise in different sectors.

One of the team’s strengths is the vast number of team members with superb experience and legal skills.

Patricio Grané Labat is a very impressive and hardworking lawyer. He has a tenacious, analytical mind, and handles high-stake disputes with ease and aplomb.

Both David Reed and Monty Taylor are great partners.

David Reed is excellent with strategy, always able to look at the big picture, and never loses focus.

Monty Taylor has great cross-examination and advocacy skills, and is one of the best partners around in terms of client relationship. He will make every effort to make sure that the client is heard. He has tremendous experience in commercial and investment arbitrations, despite his still relatively young age.

Baker Botts (UK) LLP

With longstanding experience in representing both investors and states in investor-state disputes, Baker Botts (UK) LLP is best known for its energy arbitration credentials. The London team also houses experts in Latin America and Middle East matters. Johannes Koepp is experienced in multi-jurisdictional disputes arising out of the energy, telecoms and financial services industries; Alejandro Escobar regularly acts in heavyweight investor-state arbitrations; and Dorine Farah 'does an excellent job'. Special counsel David Turner also acts in significant international arbitrations.

Practice head(s):

Johannes Koepp

Other key lawyers:

Alejandro Escobar; Dorine Farah; David Turner


‘The practice is very good across the board.’

‘If a company intends to engage Baker Botts it can be assured that it will find a professional team that is highly committed to its client.’

‘This team has found an excellent balance of being extremely collaborative and robustly challenging.’

‘A real pleasure to work with and their understanding of cases is encyclopaedic.’

‘Johannes Koepp is an outstanding partner.’

‘Alejandro Escobar’s personalised treatment, vast expertise, extraordinary understanding of the issues involved, and sharpness in developing strong arguments, make the service provided by him exceptional.’

Dorine Farah does an excellent job. She has a remarkable ability to keep her eye on the ball in terms of what is important, and has the wisdom to capture both the big picture and the details.’

‘David Turner is an exceptional special counsel.’

Key clients

Republic of Iraq

PJSC Mobile TeleSystems

Republic of Ecuador

Samsung Engineering

Work highlights

  • Acting for the Republic of Iraq in a $1bn ICSID arbitration brought by German investor AHG Industry GmbH & Co (obtaining summary dismissal of all the investor’s claims on jurisdictional grounds).
  • Acting for MTS, one of Europe’s largest mobile telecoms network operators, in an ongoing $2bn ICSID additional facility BIT claim against the Government of Turkmenistan.

Enyo Law LLP

A 'superb specialist disputes firm', Enyo Law LLP has a strong track record in handling complex and sensitive international commercial arbitrations in seats around the world. Evgeniya Rubinina is an expert in Russia and former Soviet Union-related matters; Daniel Levy routinely acts in commercial and investment treaty disputes; and Tim Elliss is 'extremely sharp'. The second line of key practitioners includes Richard Levett, who is 'great at managing a team'; recently-promoted partner Matthew Marshall; and experienced senior associate Katie Marquet-Horwood.

Practice head(s):

Evgeniya Rubinina; Daniel Levy

Other key lawyers:

Tim Elliss; Matthew Marshall; Richard Levett; Pietro Marino; Katie Marquet-Horwood; Jonas Habert


‘A superb specialist disputes firm with a top market brand, packed with lawyers with real expertise and experience in commercial litigation and arbitration.’

‘A fantastic culture throughout the firm, led from the top with attention to client needs and a complete absence of hierarchical attitudes and stuffiness, where ability is rewarded and the client always comes first.’

‘The team has a very strategic, straightforward and informal approach to complex cases.’

‘Pietro Marino is a master of strategy, who is highly experienced at managing complex cases and confident in taking big judgement calls.’

‘Tim Ellis is extremely sharp and provides strategic advice to clients with a big-picture approach to matters that is essential to the complex matters that he handles.

Daniel Levy combines a business mindset with deep knowledge of the law. He also proves an invaluable asset in cases involving Latin-American and Iberian clients facing truly international issues.

‘Richard Levett is great at managing a team, as well as producing serious and substantial amounts of work product in his own right.’

‘Matthew Marshall is highly diligent and hardworking – thoughtful and considered even when under time pressure.’

Key clients

Petronas Brasil E&P


Ascent Resources

Ascent Slovenia

IMC Invest

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Work highlights

  • Successfully defended Petronas, the Malaysian state-owned oil and gas company, in a claim for approximately £1.14bn, in relation to a $850m investment into offshore oil fields in Latin America.
  • Acting for a logistics organisation in an arbitration that concerns a joint venture dispute.
  • Representing Ascent Resources and Ascent Slovenia in a €500m ICSID arbitration, in relation to their claim against Slovenia under the Energy Charter Treaty.


Fieldfisher is particularly experienced in handling matters involving Russia and Eurasian jurisdictions, as well as Africa and South America-related disputes. Simon Sloane is 'a key player in the market'; Colin Gibson is global dispute resolution head; Daniel Hayward is experienced in disputes emanating from Europe, the former Soviet Union, sub-Saharan Africa, and South East Asia; Tracey Wright is 'seriously impressive'; and Alexandra Underwood specialises in cases for (and against) states. In January 2023, Ania Farren joined as partner from Omnia Strategy.

Practice head(s):

Colin Gibson; Simon Sloane; Daniel Hayward

Other key lawyers:

Alexandra Underwood; Ania Farren; Rebecca McKee; Emily Wyse-Jackson; Zaakira Allana; Sonia Morton


‘Hands-on and very approachable partners – excellent team that is very responsive and knowledgable.’

‘Fieldfisher is one of the best in terms of quality of work. They have huge strength and depth, and have a lot of work from a variety of regions, notably Africa and the CIS, and cases involving claims of billions.’

Fieldfisher is inventive on strategy and thinks outside of the box. They understand clients’ objectives, and are extremely sophisticated in terms of how it pursues them to achieve the best possible outcome.

‘Simon Sloane is a key player in the market and very tenacious; and Daniel Hayward is very pragmatic and highly effective.’

‘Alexandra Underwood is an excellent partner – definitely someone clients want on their side, and who leaves no stone unturned.’

‘Tracey Wright is seriously impressive and someone clients really want to be working with.’

‘Emily Wyse-Jackson, Rebecca McKee and Sonia Morton are ones to watch. They going places and are complete stars.’

‘Yuliya Kupchenko is extremely diligent and integral to achieving good results.’

Key clients

Gilward Investments

Littop Enterprises

Bridgemont Ventures

Bordo Management

The Republic of South Sudan

Work highlights

  • Acting for a Dutch claimant investor in a bilateral investment treaty claim against the state of Ukraine, which relates to an investment made in a Ukrainian Airline.
  • Acting for the claimants in four bilateral investment treaty disputes, which claim the expropriation of real estate investments made in Crimea.

Fietta LLP

'Unique 'public international law boutique Fietta LLP is best known for its representation of both investor and respondent state clients in major investor-state arbitrations. Name partner Stephen Fietta KC is 'a stellar lawyer', whose track record includes high-profile territorial and maritime disputes; Jiries Saadehhas substantial experience in international arbitrations involving investment disputes‘; and recently-promoted partner Ashique Rahman represents states and foreign investors in their public international law disputes. Laura Rees-Evans and Oonagh Sands are experienced counsels.

Practice head(s):

Stephen Fietta KC; Jiries Saadeh; Ashique Rahman

Other key lawyers:

Laura Rees-Evans; Oonagh Sands


‘What makes Fietta LLP’s dispute resolution practice unique in international arbitration is its concentration on investment disputes. Probably the best public international law and investment arbitration firm in the UK.’

‘Excellent quality of legal services that are tailored towards the client’s needs.’

‘Of course Stephen Fietta is a stellar lawyer, but everybody knows that already!’

‘Stephen Fietta determines the strategic approach in complex arbitration cases, and has solid team leadership skills when the members of the legal team are from various offices or chambers.

‘Ashique Rahman is great. A superb lawyer and very easy to work with.’

Jiries Saadeh is highly professional during fact-finding processes, whether analysing facts or determining the key elements of the dispute. He has substantial experience in international arbitrations involving investment disputes.

‘They have a unique approach in terms of investment treaty arbitration. A very complete and easy-to-work-with team.’

‘The firm is responsive and works very well with other law firms.’

Key clients

Republic of Croatia

PL Holdings

Elliott Advisors (UK)

Silver Point

Work highlights

  • Counsel to over 900 Greek and Luxembourgian investors (depositors and bondholders in Cyprus Popular Bank and the Bank of Cyprus) in a pending ICSID arbitration, brought under two bilateral investment treaties against Cyprus.
  • Representing a respondent state in an ad hoc UNCITRAL arbitration, brought by a Canadian investor under a bilateral investment treaty, involving issues of state succession in former Yugoslavia.
  • Representing three Mauritian claimants, which are corporate members of two global investment management firms, in an ICSID claim brought under a bilateral investment agreement between Mauritius and Portugal.

Jones Day

Jones Day‘s ‘stellar international arbitration practice‘ has a strong track record in international arbitrations involving a range of industries and jurisdictions. Michelle Bradfield represents states and private entities in investment treaty and international commercial arbitrations; Lee Coffey has longstanding experience in international law and arbitration matters; Rhys Thomas is 'an excellent arbitration partner'; James Pickavance is an energy and infrastructure disputes expert; and Philip Devenish is 'highly effective'. Former partner Sylvia Tonova joined Pinsent Masons LLP in March 2023.

Practice head(s):

Michelle Bradfield

Other key lawyers:

Lee Coffey; Rhys Thomas; James Pickavance; Philip Devenish; Nicholas Cotter; Daniel Travers; Julian Bailey; Saoirse O’Reilly; Isabella Noyen; Leonie Ghirardi


‘Jones Day has a stellar international arbitration practice, with great strength-in-depth in its team and huge experience of some of the biggest and most complex cases in this field. It offers great expertise and a top-quality service.’

‘Michelle Bradfield is exceptional. Always available, and always with an excellent answer/insight. Takes the time to think about what would actually and practically be helpful in the given context.’

‘Rhys Thomas is an excellent arbitration partner – very technical, robust approach to difficult points, and sticks to the strategy. Highly effective and insightful.’

‘James Pickavance is very impressive – extremely knowledgeable, excellent judgement and tactical nous, and a really keen commercial awareness and understanding of the client’s needs.’

Philip Devenish – a master in coming up with strategic legal moves like a master chess player in a world tournament. He is calm, fast, agile, and highly effective.

‘Saoirse O’Reilly is a super associate – completely hands on and anticipates the best points and how to deconstruct them. A great lawyer.’

‘The team has a very strong practice. Unlike a lot of other firms, the set-up at Jones Day is that the partners work just as hard as the associates, which means that the partners are into the detail of their cases.’

‘An excellent team with solid arbitration and industry knowledge.’

McDermott Will & Emery UK LLP

McDermott Will & Emery UK LLP‘s ‘exceptionally strong team of very experienced individuals‘ are consistently mandated for bilateral and multilateral investment treaty-related proceedings. Clients additionally benefit from the firm’s enviable global network. Andrew Savage focuses on high-level international commercial arbitration work, while Michael Darowski is ‘one of the best energy lawyers on the market‘. At counsel level, recently-promoted Romilly Holland maintains an active arbitration practice, and Kimberley Smith and Edward Perkins are the associates to note.

Practice head(s):

Andrew Savage

Other key lawyers:

Michael Darowski; Romilly Holland; Kimberley Smith; Edward Perkins


‘Andrew Savage – very sensible and focuses on the point.’

Andrew Savage, has done a great job of building up a team of very impressive associates. Clients couldn’t want a better team.’

‘The partners are knowledgeable, switched on, and good.

‘Michael Darowski is one of the most decent and pleasant lawyers in the market. He’s honest, straightforward, hardworking, smart, and committed.

‘Michael Darowski is one of the best energy lawyers on the market, with broad and deep industry knowledge attained over the past decade.

‘Michael Darowski’s technical and industry knowledge are second to none, and he’s one of the very few true experts who can converse easily with an oil and gas executive or engineer. Michael is incredibly modest; and, as such, his skills and expertise are likely a well-hidden secret.

‘McDermott Will & Emery has an exceptionally strong team of very experienced individuals, who provide advice that is always client focused and informed by exceptional knowledge of arbitration. They also benefit from great global coverage.’

Edward Perkins and Romilly Holland are both future stars.

Key clients

Crescent Petroleum

Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources of the Republic of Albania

Petrochemical Holdings


Amnesty International


Work highlights

  • Acting for Albania in ICC proceedings against Hydro, arising under a concession contract for the Kalivac hydropower plant.
  • Acting for Crescent Petroleum in a commercial arbitration against National Iranian Oil Company, arising under a gas supply agreement.
  • Continues to represent Petrochemical Holdings in ICSID arbitration proceedings against Romania, brought under the Energy Charter Treaty, in respect of an investment in the petrochemical sector.

Osborne Clarke LLP

Fielding a 'strong core team for arbitration', Osborne Clarke LLP’s London team has expertise in growth areas, such as renewable energy and video games-related arbitrations. The practice also has a strong reputation for technology, financial services and construction sector disputes. Greg Fullelove acts in high-stakes commercial arbitrations across a number of sectors, while Artem Doudko is 'an excellent tactician'. Also key to the group are associate directors Daniel Harrison and Danielle Griffiths, along with senior associate Katie Bewlock.

Practice head(s):

Greg Fullelove

Other key lawyers:

Artem Doudko; Daniel Harrison; Danielle Griffiths; Katie Bewlock


‘Greg Fullelove is exceptional – very diligent and innovative, and strong client focus. Great communications skills with a truly international mindset.’

‘Greg Fullelove is simply outstanding. He is very bright, always responsive, quickly understands even the most complex cases, and gives excellent well-thought through advice, even on short notice.’

‘Greg Fullelove has great drafting and oral advocacy skills. He stays calm and presents convincing arguments. Never loses sight of the overall goal and does not get lost in irrelevant details.’

Artem Doudko is an excellent lawyer – very responsive, dedicated to his clients, and with a rare blend of very high-level legal expertise and strong commercial awareness.’

‘Artem Doudko is an excellent tactician and is great with clients.’

‘Excellent team with very good understanding of clients’ more general concerns.’

‘Strong core team for arbitration.’

‘Very experienced, very committed and very good. It is always a real pleasure to collaborate with OC’s arbitration team!’


RPC's international arbitration group is co-led by Shai Wade, a May 2022 partner hire from Stephenson Harwood , who is an expert in the upstream oil and gas and energy sectors, as well as joint venture, shareholder and partnership claims, and cases involving IT, telecoms, construction, and mining; and the 'outstanding' Jonathan Wood. Other highly-regarded international arbitration specialists are Tatiana Minaeva and of counsel Paul Baker. Senior associates Kirtan Prasad, Fred Kuchlin and Adam Forster are also key team members.

Practice head(s):

Shai Wade; Jonathan Wood

Other key lawyers:

Tatiana Minaeva; Paul Baker; Kirtan Prasad; Fred Kuchlin; Adam Forster


‘Already a dominant presence in the international arbitration sphere, RPC was bolstered by the addition of Shai Wade who partners up with Tatiana Minaeva. The pair are incredibly impressive and a real force to be reckoned with.’

Shai Wade has an excellent reputation.

‘Tatiana Minaeva is superb and real arbitration specialist. She is ably supported by Adam Forster, who is one of the best senior associates around.’

‘Jonathan Wood is outstanding. A calm, authoritative and extremely likeable character.’

‘A firm which has really made efforts to grow its international arbitration offering in recent years through careful lateral hiring and impressive organic growth.’

Kirtan Prasad is well regarded for international arbitration, especially India matters.

‘Paul Baker – collaborative, and with an eye to furthering client objectives.’

‘RPC has considerable experience across the full range of international arbitration disputes. A tight unit that is sensible and very pleasant to deal with.’

Key clients

Kout Food Group

Hua She Asset Management


Work highlights

  • Representing Kout Food Group in a dispute over the alleged ongoing use of the brand of a restaurant operating in the Middle East.
  • Acting for Hua She Asset Management (Shanghai) in the enforcement in England of a £21m arbitral award made by the Shanghai International Economic and Trade Commission in October 2020.

Signature Litigation LLP

Excellent specialist litigation firmSignature Litigation LLP handles a broad range of international commercial arbitration matters. The team also covers high-profile investment arbitrations. Ioannis Alexopoulos is an expert in matters involving Greece, the Balkans, the Middle East, Brazil, and sub-Saharan Africa; Josh Wong is a ‘superb strategist‘; and counsel Bernhard Maier focuses on the natural resources and energy sector. In late 2022, international arbitration partner Tsegaye Laurendeau joined from Gaillard Banifatemi Shelbaya Disputes, while Neil Newing was elevated to partner.

Practice head(s):

Ioannis Alexopoulos

Other key lawyers:

Josh Wong; Bernhard Maier; Tsegaye Laurendeau; Neil Newing; Pietro Grassi; Philipp Kurek


‘Excellent specialist litigation firm, with very knowledgeable and approachable partners.’

‘Ioannis Alexopoulos is an excellent and poised strategist and leader.’

‘Josh Wong – very quick grasp of complex legal matters. excellent communication skills with clients, insurers and litigation funders. Very easy to work with and superb strategist.’

‘Tsegaye Laurendeau is a go-to lawyer at the firm. Tsegaye is a first-class litigation and arbitration lawyer and has great support from the firm. This means that Tsegaye and his firm are a litigation powerhouse.’

‘Tsegaye Laurendeau is an excellent litigator and advocate, but beyond that he is commercial in his approach to problem solving. Most importantly, he is open and honest regarding the prospects of success in any case and will advise settlement if he considers this to be the best option available.’

‘Neil Newing and Pietro Grassi are excellent. Extremely user friendly, fantastic drafting skills, and always have an eye to the bigger strategic picture.’

‘Bernhard Maier is very experienced in the field of international arbitration and has an interesting and varied international practice.  He is efficient and runs a lean team.’

‘Philipp Kurek is one of the very few people in the field who has the level of experience, knowledge and intellect required to win cases in this field. He is of superstar quality and a fantastic lawyer overall in the fields of commercial and investor-state arbitration.’

Key clients

Discovery Global

Privinvest companies

GRF Paragon (Malaysia)

Work highlights

  • Representing Discovery Global, a US investor, in an ICSID claim against the Slovak Republic under the US-Slovak BIT, in which the investor alleges that it was prevented from conducting oil and gas exploration drilling operations.
  • Representing Privinvest and Iskandar Safa in a high-value Commercial Court claim brought by the Republic of Mozambique against Credit Suisse, Privinvest and others.
  • Representing GRF Paragon (Malaysia), Maximilian Johnson and Simon Murray in denial of justice claims against Mongolia under the Malaysia-Mongolia and UK-Mongolia BITs, arising out of a large investment in the Mongolian mining sector.

Squire Patton Boggs

Squire Patton Boggs stands out for its oil, gas, and LNG disputes expertise. It is also sought out for shipping and commodities-related claims. IDR global co-chair George von Mehren works between London and Cleveland; Peter Crossley is a complex disputes expert; Max Rockall acts in energy claims; and Timi Balogun specialises in Africa-related matters. In 2023, commercial and investment treaty arbitration practitioner Naomi Briercliffe arrived as partner from A&O Shearman, while former partner Alexis Martinez joined Watson Farley & Williams LLP.

Practice head(s):

George von Mehren; Peter Crossley

Other key lawyers:

Max Rockall; Timi Balogun; Naomi Briercliffe; Peter Stewart; Chris Swart; Katie Pritchard; John Rollason; Marija Šćekić; Tim Flamank; Michael Davar; Gabriella Martin


‘The depth of commercial and economic understanding within the international arbitration team is exceptional.’

‘Provides an excellent service offering to energy sector clients engaged in complex international disputes.’

‘The team offers exceptional depth of commercial expertise in relation to international disputes. This makes most of the lawyers excellent risk analysts and trusted advisers for complex energy disputes.’

‘Very experienced lawyers who often serve clients around the clock, with good advice and success throughout.’

‘They understand clients’ business very well, so are able to connect the legal side of things with commercial considerations and practices. Always available for phone and video calls, or for in-person meetings.’

‘Not only good lawyers, providing good professional, constructive and helpful advice, but they are also good personalities, which makes it easier to communicate with them and collaborate.’

‘Very experienced thought leaders in their field and strategic thinkers.’

Excellent commercial awareness and industry understanding. Total client focus and dedicated strategic thinkers.

Key clients

Federal Republic of Nigeria

Work highlights

  • Defending the Federal Republic of Nigeria against a high-value, high-profile case regarding an offshore oil prospecting license brought under ICSID.

Stephenson Harwood

Well versed in international arbitration‘, Stephenson Harwood has a strong market reputation for its disputes expertise concerning Africa, the Middle East and India. The team is also increasingly active in Southeast and North Asia-related mandates. Global international arbitration head Rovine Chandrasekera works across the firm's London and Dubai offices; Kamal Shah 'deservedly has a strong reputation'; and recently-promoted partner Jide Adesokan has significant experience in Africa-related claims. At managing associate level, Charlotte Welsh and Charlotte Murphy are active team members.

Practice head(s):

Rovine Chandrasekera; Kamal Shah

Other key lawyers:

Jide Adesokan; Charlotte Welsh; Charlotte Murphy; Afolarin Awosika; Henry Simpson


‘The team is very professional and well versed in international arbitration.’

Excellent teams with the right level of seniority allocated to the work in hand.

‘Rovine Chandrasekera stands out for his excellent knowledge of international award/judgment enforcement, which is based on genuine practical experience in successful enforcement actions across the globe.’

‘Rovine Chandrasekera is a pragmatic and smart thinker.’

‘Kamal Shah is well connected and a seasoned figure on the arbitration market.’

‘Kamal Shah deservedly has a strong reputation. He is commercially astute and understands the importance of local context.’

‘Jide Adesokan is a new and energetic partner with excellent strategic sense.’

‘Afolarin Awosika deserves praise for his standout dedication and judgement – he goes above and beyond for clients consistently.’

Key clients

IBL Group


Republic of Iraq

Ministry of Electricity, Iraq


Sapura Energy

Guaranty Trust Bank

Work highlights

  • Assisting an Asian oil and gas company with a dispute against another Asian oil and gas company (with European links), as a result of sanctions imposed by Russia following its invasion of Ukraine.
  • Acting for a major Asian joint venture in a construction dispute concerning a project in East Africa, with the arbitration seated in Paris under ICC rules.
  • Representing the Republic of Iraq, as co-counsel, in an ICSID arbitration that was brought by Orange under the France-Iraq bilateral investment treaty.

Steptoe UK LLP

Steptoe UK LLP‘s 'small London presence belies a really skilled team of clever lawyers'. The team's coverage incorporates investment treaty and international commercial arbitrations, and international award enforcement work. Matthew Coleman is renowned for claims against African states; Neil Dooley has 'outstanding strategic judgement'; Christophe Bondy has a substantial investment treaty practice; and Juliya Arbisman works between London and New York. In March 2023, Jonathon Egerton-Peters was hired as partner from Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom (UK) LLP.

Practice head(s):

Matthew Coleman; Neil Dooley

Other key lawyers:

Christophe Bondy; Juliya Arbisman; Jonathon Egerton-Peters; Ivan Gordienko; Thomas Innes; Leigh Mallon; Alexandre Genest; Natalia Gofman


‘Extremely smart – deep understanding of the issues, coupled with lateral thinking and being receptive to suggestions from the client.’

‘Neil Dooley is a standout lawyer, who is at the top of the profession. He is clever and astute, and with outstanding strategic judgement.’

‘Neil Dooley can spot good (and bad) points a mile away, and is almost always proven right in front of the tribunal. He works hard and quickly, and rolls his own sleeves up to do the hard work rather than relying on others.’

Key clients

The European Union

Symbio Infrastructure


West African Aquaculture

Koch Supply & Trading

Koch Industries

The von Pezold family & Border Timbers

Security Services

Work highlights

  • Serving as external counsel to the European Union in the Nord Stream 2 claim under the Energy Charter Treaty, arising out of the application of European competition rules to the ownership and operation of a mega-value pipeline.
  • Acting for the investors in a legacy NAFTA Chapter Eleven claim, arising out of political interference in the environmental approvals process of a major LNG facility in Canada.
  • Acting for Dutch investors in investment treaty proceedings against Venezuela, following its expropriation of significant business holdings.

Volterra Fietta

Volterra Fietta represents states and foreign investors in arbitrations before ad hoc tribunals, the PCA, ICSID, and the SCC. The practice is also constantly involved in commercial arbitrations. Robert Volterrahas excellent judgement‘, and Peter Flint focuses on international arbitration, cross-border litigation and ADR. Gunjan Sharma and Angela Ha were recently raised to partner and counsel, respectively; and in March 2023, Ahmed Abdel Hakam arrived as partner from Eversheds Sutherland (International) LLP, while former partner Graham Coop joined Pinsent Masons LLP.

Practice head(s):

Robert Volterra; Peter Flint; Gunjan Sharma; Ahmed Abdel Hakam

Other key lawyers:

Angela Ha; Jehad Mustafa; Florentine Vos; Magdalena Kowalczuk Asher


‘A great team staffed by dedicated public international lawyers.’

‘Robert Volterra, the founding partner, is very experienced and knowledgeable, and has excellent judgement.

‘Ahmed Abdel Hakam is a fantastic lawyer – a real brain when it comes to public international law. He has a lot of experience as counsel in large arbitrations, and his ability is second to none.’

‘Ahmed Abdel-Hakam is an exciting new partner appointment at Volterra Fietta.’

‘Volterra Fietta is a market-leading arbitration boutique firm.’

‘Its reputation precedes it, and it regularly handles the most complex and high-value investor-state and commercial arbitrations.’

‘The team is particularly international, and able to draw on a range of backgrounds, language skills and cultures.’

Gunjan Sharma is very able.

Key clients

Barbados, Ministry of Finance, Economic Affairs and Investment

Barbados, Office of Tourism and International Transport

Needham Point




Koch Industries Inc.

Koch Minerals

Koch Nitrogen International

Barbados , Prime Minister’s Office

Barbados, Ministry of Energy and Business Development

Barbados, Office of the Attorney General


Arab Republic of Egypt

Republic of Croatia

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Ministry of Tourism

Republic of Kenya

Work highlights

  • Representing KN-Holding and Severgroup in an ad hoc arbitration against the French Republic, under the France-Russia bilateral investment treaty.
  • Successfully represented Koch Minerals and Koch Nitrogen International in proceedings brought by the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela to annul an award of approximately $400m.
  • Representing Grenada in a case that raises novel issues of jurisdiction, treaty interpretation and substantive investment protection standards, in the context of a major hospitality sector development and Grenada’s Citizenship by Investment Scheme.


Fielding 'a team that delivers great results', Akin‘s international arbitration practice in London routinely draws upon the firm's sector specialisms in energy, construction and technology. The 'terrific' commercial and treaty disputes expert Justin Williams, who leads the firm's worldwide international arbitration practice from the London office, acts in international arbitrations all over the world (and under most of the major arbitral rules). At counsel level, Jenny Arlington represents a range of clients in high-stakes international arbitrations.

Practice head(s):

Justin Williams

Other key lawyers:

Jenny Arlington; Kambiz Larizadeh


‘Really astute feel for the arbitral process and its nuances – a team that delivers great results.’

‘Justin Williams stands out for his experience in international arbitration, and oil and gas disputes.’

‘Besides his deep technical knowledge of both English law and the oil and gas industry, Justin Williams is a quick thinker, who is able to understand the relevant foreign legal issues swiftly, and skilfully apply that understanding to defend the client’s interests in a dispute.’

‘Justin Williams is terrific. He consistently demonstrates in-depth knowledge of his client’s industries and the different rules involved in multi-jurisdictional matters, such as those involved in arbitration proceedings.’

‘Justin Williams is extremely smart and sensitive to the challenges of cross-border matters.’

‘Profound capabilities in complex cross-border disputes.’

‘Kambiz Larizadeh is a magician and excellent at handling clients, courts and arbitrators in diffcult situations.’

‘Akin Gump’s services are well known for being very client oriented, prioritising client attention and agile responses.’

Key clients

Dommo Energia


Bridgestone Licensing Services

Bridgestone Americas

Vitol Group




Neste Oil

Work highlights

  • Acting for a South American oil company in a $1.3bn ICC arbitration concerning a disputed farm-out.
  • Acting for a European oil and gas company in bringing a $1bn ICC arbitration against an EU member state.
  • Acting for a US oil company in a $3bn UNCITRAL arbitration, relating to a series of disputes arising out of a CIS production sharing contract.

Bird & Bird LLP

Bird & Bird LLP‘s 'leading disputes practice' stands out for arbitrations involving disputes over IP licensing. The team also has considerable expertise in sports arbitrations. Sophie Eyre has particular expertise in aviation, commercial life sciences and energy disputes, as well as matters involving fraud allegations; Nicholas Peacock is a commercial and investment arbitration specialist; Jonathan Speed acts in large-value IT, telecoms and financial services sector arbitrations; and Richard Bush appears before various dispute resolution forums, both domestically and abroad.

Practice head(s):

Sophie Eyre; Nicholas Peacock

Other key lawyers:

Jonathan Speed; Richard Bush; Max Duthie; Simona Peter; Tom Darvill; Sam Beer


‘Very commercial and greatly assisted by a superb team of associates.’

‘Very commercial and conscious of costs.’

‘Sophie Eyre is an exceptionally talented litigator. Great attention to detail and technical issues.’

‘A leading disputes practice and leading practitioners.’

‘Partners lead from the front, which gives clients a lot of confidence and comfort.’

‘Nicholas Peacock is very meticulous. His commercial understanding of matters stands out.’

‘They work together seamlessly and with all views being respected.’

Key clients

Carpatsky Petreoleum

Chenco Chemical Engineering & Consulting


Union Bank of Nigeria

Mapfre Re


Work highlights

  • Acting for a large GCC Region airline in claims relating to a long-term contract governed by French law, the matter concerning wrongful termination issues and duties of good faith.
  • Acting for a major reinsurer in a London arbitration regarding liability under a policy for infrastructure works in North America.


Fielding 'a very knowledgeable and experienced team that can handle complex arbitrations', CANDEY is a go-to boutique for arbitration disputes involving clients from the CIS, US, British Virgin Islands, and Cyprus. The team is co-headed by name partner Ashkhan Candey and shareholder disputes expert Andrew DunnJames Collins acts in big-ticket referrals from the CIS; Yuri Botiuk is 'a very knowledgeable lawyer'; and James Glaysher specialises in international commercial arbitration. Senior solicitor Serene Allen acts in a range of cases.

Practice head(s):

Ashkhan Candey, Andrew Dunn

Other key lawyers:

James Collins; Yuri Botiuk; James Glaysher; Serene Allen; Mei Wong


‘The team is very proactive and knowledgeable.’

‘James Glaysher is very knowledgeable, detail oriented, takes the time to explain procedures in detail, and very proactive’

‘They are really focused on Russia – they know all the specifics of Russia-related disputes.’

‘James Collins and Yuri Botiuk are extremely wise and practical. ‘

‘Yuri Botiuk is a very knowledgeable lawyer, and always seeks practical and efficient solutions.’

‘Great attention to detail and very responsive.’

‘Good experienced team with strong connections on the market – particularly well known for its Russia and CIS work.’

The firm has a very knowledgeable and experienced team that can handle complex arbitrations.’

Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton

Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton's London international arbitration group consistently handles high-stakes commercial arbitrations in the mining, insurance, manufacturing, telecoms, and energy and natural resources sectors. The team also represents sovereign states and state-owned entities in high-profile treaty arbitrations. London and New York-based global international arbitration group co-head, Christopher Moore, is 'an outstanding advocate and brilliant strategist', while associates Paul Kleist and Pablo Mateos Rodríguez also both act in major arbitration proceedings. In January 2023, Naomi Tarawali was elected to partner.

Practice head(s):

Christopher Moore

Other key lawyers:

Naomi Tarawali; Paul Kleist; Pablo Mateos Rodríguez


Really great team – personable, accessible and knowledgeable.’

‘Always extremely professional in their dealings with clients, leaving no stone unturned.’

‘Their pleadings are pretty much flawless.’

Key clients

The Hellenic Republic

Idemia France SAS

Maire Tecnimont

Republic of Nigeria

SGI Frontier Capital Pte

Telecom Italia International

Telecom Italia

Total Global Procurement

Associazione Sportiva Roma (AS Roma)

Work highlights

  • Counselling Telecom Italia Finance and Telecom Italia in an ICC arbitration in Paris, brought by various parties from the Opportunity group of companies.
  • Acted for identity company Idemia in disputes arising from a $100m project to supply ID cards to the Bangladesh Election Commission, including an UNCITRAL Rules arbitration (seated in Singapore) and a Bangladesh-seated arbitration, governed by the Bangladesh Arbitration Act (2001).
  • Acting for Total Global Procurement in an ICC arbitration proceeding, arising from a breach of multiple supply agreements for the sale and purchase of solar power modules.

Cooke, Young & Keidan LLP

Commercial and financial disputes boutique Cooke, Young & Keidan LLP routinely acts against major financial institutions and sovereign states, being generally free of conflicts of interest. Sinead O’Callaghan specialises in disputes emanating from Africa, South and Central America, and Russia and former CIS countries; Mikhail Vishnyakov is 'capable of resolving exceptional cases'; and associate Tulsi Bhatia has significant international arbitration expertise. In 2022, Jon Felce and Natalie Todd joined as partners from PCB Byrne, while former partner Daniel Burbeary joined Gresham Legal.

Other key lawyers:

Sinead O’Callaghan; Mikhail Vishnyakov; Tulsi Bhatia; Jon Felce; Natalie Todd


CYK’s ability to manage projects efficiently, diligently and cost effectively makes this firm truly outstanding, and a primary choice when choosing a co-counsel for English law-governed disputes.

Mikhail Vishnyakov offers exceptional expertise, a hands-on approach, and very flexible fee arrangements, making him a primary choice for clients.

The team is highly professional and Mikhail Vishnyakov is an excellent lawyer who is capable of resolving exceptional cases.

Natalie Todd provides excellent legal advice and her light-touch approach allows the client to save funds, but, at the same time, secure remarkable results.

Cooke Young & Keidan is a very entrepreneurial law firm with young and energetic partners.

They are flexible when it comes to billing as it is a nimble firm.

Jon Felce is a brilliant advocate and very easy to work with.

Jon Felce impressed with his ability to understand quickly the basic principles of civil procedure in Nigeria, as it related to the use of Nigerian judicial decisions in UK court enforcement proceedings.

Key clients


PL Holdings

Work highlights

  • Successfully defended  MXV against Section 68 challenges to two arbitral awards, arising out of a bitterly-fought LCIA arbitration.
  • Acting for PL Holdings in a landmark case concerning the impact of the infamous Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) decision in Achmea v Slovak Republic, and a significant matter in the context of intra-EU investment arbitration and enforcement.
  • Acting for a Middle Eastern insurance group that is opposing the exercise of a put option by a minority shareholder (a global financial institution).


With 'huge experience and great tacticians', DWF‘s international arbitration group has notable experience in disputes involving the energy, infrastructure and technology sectors, as well as corporate conflicts and commercial arrangements. The practice of group head Richard Twomey incorporates Pakistan-related international arbitrations; Stefan Paciorek focuses on technology and energy sector claims; Darren Kenny is a litigation and arbitration expert; and Solomon Ebere is an investment and commercial arbitration specialist. In Birmingham, Andrew Leach also acts in high-value commercial disputes.

Practice head(s):

Richard Twomey

Other key lawyers:

Stefan Paciorek; Darren Kenny; Solomon Ebere; Andrew Leach; Yolanda Walker; Natasha Gunney; Ben Griffin; Tarik Sharif


Strong Africa and Middle East practices and good commercial knowledge.

Solomon Ebere uses his multi-cultural background (Nigeria, France, UK, US) to think through issues and what will best help his clients.

‘Great people, work ethic and commercial approach.’

Key clients

Doosan Power Systems

Doosan Babcock

Union Pacific Capital

Work highlights

  • Representing a major international contractor in a transport project-related arbitration.
  • Acting for a Dubai-based party in a significant joint venture-related arbitration.
  • Representing a shareholder in a high-value shareholder dispute that was resolved through arbitration.

Fenwick Elliott LLP

Fenwick Elliott LLP's 'international arbitration team comprises an outstanding group of hardworking individuals'. The specialist construction and energy law firm has an enviable track record in large-scale claims over international construction, infrastructure and energy projects. Simon Tolson is a construction and engineering disputes expert; Tony Francis 'displays wisdom in his counsel'; and Richard Smellie specialises in oil and gas, power and construction-related claims. Nicholas Gould is an international dispute resolution expert, while Karen Gidwani has wide-ranging tribunal experience.

Practice head(s):

Simon Tolson; Tony Francis; Richard Smellie

Other key lawyers:

Nicholas Gould; Karen Gidwani; Toby Randle; Jeremy Glover; Thomas Young; James Cameron; Edward Foyle; James Mullen


‘Fenwick Elliott’s international arbitration team comprises an outstanding group of hardworking individuals who show extraordinary commitment to their clients.’

‘Richard Smellie is a seasoned fighter – tough but shrewd, and with impeccable judgement when it comes to handling tribunals.’

‘Richard Smellie is always willing to go the extra mile for clients. He is excellent on getting the big calls right.’

‘Tony Francis displays wisdom in his counsel, including proactive measures intended to avoid conflict, as well as how best to manage when conflict is unavoidable.’

‘James Cameron is a joy to work with and brilliant with clients.’

‘Fenwick Elliott is the leading construction firm. Its knowledge and expertise are unrivalled. They really are specialists in what they do. They are also friendly and easy to work with.’

Thomas Young is hardworking and diligent. He is on top of everything and knows the details of a case inside out.

Edward Foyle is intelligent and very polished – very quick to inspire confidence in the client.

Key clients


Fox Williams LLP

'A first-rate independent English law firm with top-class arbitration capability', Fox Williams LLP is experienced in disputes involving Asia, the Middle East, North America, and Africa. Peter Ashford is an expert in international commercial arbitrations that concern international trade, joint ventures and distribution; Ben Giaretta is 'a really superb international arbitration practitioner'; and Tom Custance is an insurance and energy arbitration specialist. Gavin Foggo acts in partnership disputes, while senior associate Kate Felmingham is experienced in investment treaty work.

Practice head(s):

Gavin Foggo; Peter Ashford; Ben Giaretta

Other key lawyers:

Tom Custance; Kate Felmingham


‘A first-rate independent English law firm with top-class arbitration capability.’

‘The standout partner is Peter Ashford.’

‘Peter Ashford – cool, calm, collected, clever, and client focused.’

‘Peter Ashford and Ben Giaretta are both extremely experienced arbitration lawyers.’

‘Peter Ashford is very thorough, both as counsel and as arbitrator – a very safe pair of hands.’

‘Ben Giaretta is hugely experienced.’

Ben Giaretta is a really superb international arbitration practitioner.

Gavin Foggo – great counsel and great arguments.

Key clients

W Q Hays and the Grow Companies

On the Beach

The Sultanate of Oman

The Saudi Technology Development and Investment Company

Work highlights

  • Acting for the claimants in a challenge to two arbitral awards concerning litigation finance.

Haynes and Boone CDG, LLP

Haynes and Boone CDG, LLP 's 'international arbitration team excels at coordinating cross-border disputes with parallel proceedings in different jurisdictions'. The group has industry experience in energy, renewables, oil and gas, and construction and engineering projects. International arbitration leader Melanie Willems 'sees the bigger commercial picture', and Markus Esly acts in arbitrations under all the major international rules, including ICC and LCIA. William Cecil is London disputes head, while counsel Robert Blackett is an expert in engineering and construction arbitrations.

Practice head(s):

Melanie Willems; William Cecil

Other key lawyers:

Robert Blackett


‘They are very responsive, and are supported by vast experience in disputes in arbitration and court, which provides a solid base of legal knowledge.’

The team is very communicative. They are responsive, and provide thoughtful, practical business advice, in addition to quality legal advice and representation.

Melanie Willems and Markus Esly are outstanding advocates. They take the time to learn the client’s business and the challenges it faces, and to develop practical solutions.

‘Melanie Willems is charismatic and sees the bigger commercial picture, which helps her to advise in line with clients’ commercial aims.’

‘Melanie Willems – tenacious and with the energy to tackle obstacles that are in the way of her clients.’

Markus Esly – thoughtful and detail oriented. A safe pair of hands for potential curveballs.

‘Markus Esly is adept at thinking on his feet and is a pleasure to work with.’

‘The international arbitration team excels at coordinating cross-border disputes with parallel proceedings in different jurisdictions, and always keeps an eye on the big picture.’

Jenner & Block LLP

Jenner & Block LLP‘s London team represents clients in cross-border commercial and investment arbitrations in seats all over the world, and under a diverse range of governing laws. James Rogers – who assumed leadership of the practice in October 2023 – has notable expertise in the energy, infrastructure and construction sectors, joined the firm as partner in February 2023 from Norton Rose Fulbright. Jason Yardley has longstanding international litigation and arbitration experience. Former practice chair Charlie Lightfoot left the firm in September 2023.

Practice head(s):

James Rogers

Other key lawyers:

Jason Yardley; Christian Tuddenham; Lizzie Shimmin; Ronan O’Reilly; Michaela Croft


‘Great advocacy skills and broad experience.’

‘James Rogers is an excellent lawyer, very hands on, and business oriented.’

‘A strong team with immense depth of experience, particularly in the defence, construction and projects sector.’

Key clients

Republic of Sierra Leone

K&L Gates LLP

K&L Gates LLP‘ 'global team is led by exceptional partners'. The London practice's arbitration instructions incorporate a range of industries, including insurance coverage (policy-holder side), energy, technology, media, aviation, and construction and infrastructure. Ian Meredith is experienced in insurance, energy and investment disputes; John Magnin has longstanding international arbitration expertise; Peter Morton is an aviation and energy disputes specialist; and Ben Holland handles multi-jurisdictional large-scale claims for energy sector clients.

Practice head(s):

John Magnin; Ian Meredith; Peter Morton

Other key lawyers:

Ben Holland; Jeremy Farr; Clare Kempkens; Matthew Walker; Nita Mistry; Tim Gavigan; Theo Hall; Louise Bond; Jack Salter


‘A diverse and knowledgeable team.’

The firm’s global team is led by exceptional partners, enabling them to work 24/7 on extremely complex, very high-value international arbitrations.’

‘The level of service and their technical knowledge are exemplary.’

All are technically superb, always available, proactive, and a pleasure to deal with.

Key clients

Republic of France

Glencore Energy UK


Howmet Aerospace

Formula 1®

Work highlights

  • Represents the Republic of France in a series of court and arbitral proceedings, which arise out of the loss of oil tanker M/T Prestige and the resulting oil spill.
  • Acting for an Indian foreign investor in an investment treaty arbitration against a Middle Eastern sovereign, arising from a PPP infrastructure project.
  • Acted in a Dubai International Arbitration Centre arbitration, concerning a major infrastructure project in the Middle East.


'Massively experienced in international arbitration', Milbank‘s London group is routinely mandated by corporations, financial institutions, and state and federal governments for highly complex arbitration proceedings. International arbitration leader Tom Canning acts in arbitrations under all the major arbitral rules, while Julian Stait specialises in the resolution of large business disputes. Within the firm's associate pool, Peter Edworthy focuses on cases involving energy, construction, infrastructure and telecoms projects-related disputes, and Vasiliki Katsarou is 'an excellent, hardworking and talented lawyer'.

Practice head(s):

Julian Stait; Tom Canning

Other key lawyers:

Peter Edworthy; Vasiliki Katsarou


‘Milbank has a first-rate international arbitration practice.’

‘Tom Canning, Peter Edworthy and Vasiliki Katsarou make a potent team – highly experienced in the field of international arbitration.’

‘Tom Canning, Peter Edworthy and Vasiliki Katsarou stand out for their total commitment to the case and innovative legal thinking, coupled with spot-on strategic insight.’

‘Tom Canning is somehow able to make himself immediately available when attention is needed. He gives excellent, practical advice.’

‘Tom Canning and Peter Edworthy are thoughtful in the advice that they provide and are always looking for the right commercial solution.’

‘Vasiliki Katsarou is an excellent, hardworking and talented lawyer.’

‘Massively experienced in international arbitration – a go-to firm for challenging and difficult cases.’

‘Clients can be sure they will present the very best case to the tribunal and use their excellent strategic nous to get the best result.’

Morgan, Lewis & Bockius UK LLP

'With huge experience in international arbitration', Morgan, Lewis & Bockius UK LLP‘s London team represents clients under all the major international arbitration. It routinely handles significant disputes involving the Americas, Asia, Europe, the CIS, Africa, and the Middle East. David Waldron is particularly active in financial services and oil and gas sector-related disputes; Peter Sharp has 'great strategic appreciation'; and Chris Warren-Smith and Melanie Ryan's practices also incorporate arbitration work. Recently-promoted partner Paul Mesquitta is 'a great arbitration practitioner'.

Practice head(s):

Melanie Ryan; David Waldron; Peter Sharp

Other key lawyers:

Chris Warren-Smith; Paul Mesquitta


‘A hugely talented, multi-disciplinary team, supporting partners with huge experience in international arbitration.’

‘Peter Sharp – fantastic intellect and great strategic appreciation that allow him to consider every possible angle and advise clients accordingly.’

David Waldron is the future of arbitration but available now! Years of experience and deeply imbued in arbitration practice – he is a go-to lawyer for any complex international arbitration.

‘David Waldron is highly experienced across the range of international arbitration work, with several decades of experience. Extensive experience of energy disputes, and ICC and LCIA in particular. Under-promises and over-delivers.’

‘Paul Mesquitta is a great arbitration practitioner. He has very high standards of drafting and advocacy – an accomplished team leader.’

‘Top-level international arbitration skills.’

‘Longstanding and cohesive team with wide experience and expertise across a number of industry and geographical sectors.’

‘Not the biggest, but a good-quality offering with a broad range of international commercial experience in arbitration.’

Morrison Foerster

Morrison Foerster's London team is particularly rated for its TMT sector experience, but the practice also has strong sector specialisms in energy, construction, infrastructure, aviation, private equity, and real estate. With particular experience in Africa-related matters, Chiraag Shah is 'an extremely safe pair of hands for high-value, high-stakes disputes', while Gemma Anderson acts in international arbitrations across a range of industries. Completing the group are experienced of counsel Richard Jerman, and active associates Shawna Pasquale and Robin Bachmann.

Practice head(s):

Chiraag Shah; Gemma Anderson

Other key lawyers:

Richard Jerman; Shawna Pasquale; Robin Bachmann


‘Handles an impressive and growing portfolio of international arbitration disputes. Eager to grow and impress, and it shows in the quality and prompt turnaround of work.’

‘Chiraag Shah – on-the-ground experience both in Kenya (and other African jurisdictions) and the UK make him an ideal choice for disputes straddling both jurisdictions. Very well networked.’

‘Chiraag Shah leads an outstanding team, providing a first-rate service to his clients.’

‘Chiraag Shah is extremely experienced and, as a result, unflappable. He has seen it all before – an extremely safe pair of hands for high-value, high-stakes disputes.’

‘Chiraag Shah is extremely hardworking, hands on, and willing to get his hands dirty, which is unusual for a partner at a blue-chip firm. That is what makes him stand out.’

‘The MoFo litigation team takes initiatives and works independently, calling the client at the right moment to have its opinion about a strategy or the next steps.’

‘The team is extremely well organised and very detail oriented. Its main quality though is to be innovative and think about smart strategies and arguments during complex disputes.’

‘Associate Robin Bachmann delivers great client service, is highly motivated, and shows an outstanding sense of organisation during complicated litigation.’

Key clients


Orrick, Herrington & Sutcliffe (UK) LLP

Delivering 'specialist arbitration knowledge for international cases', Orrick, Herrington & Sutcliffe (UK) LLP‘s London practice is particularly active in disputes involving technology, finance, and energy and infrastructure. A 'market leader for high-value, complex disputes, Mark Beeley is an energy sector arbitration expert, while recently-promoted partner Sarah Stockley acts in a broad range of both commercial and treaty arbitrations, especially in relation to India and the UAE.

Other key lawyers:

Mark Beeley; Sarah Stockley


Orrick is highly successful at taking a joined-up approach between departments and offices. As a result, clients always feel that Orrick’s advice is tailored specifically to the needs of the companies represented.’

‘Consistently impresses with the responsiveness and availability of all the individuals that act.’

‘Despite competing client commitments, travel arrangements and time differences, clients are always able to get quick and clear responses to instructions. The teamwork that goes on behind the scenes is impressive.’

‘Mark Beeley is a market leader for high-value, complex disputes in the energy sector. He is commercially astute and a keen strategist.’

‘Mark Beeley is a leading figure in the field – someone other experienced practitioners go to for advice. He understands the arbitration process and knows all the main arbitrators. He is a problem solver, who takes on difficult cases and finds a way to get to a result.’

‘The advice from Mark Beeley and Sarah Stockley is pragmatic and commercially focused.’

‘Orrick’s energy litigation team is hugely experienced and very capable.’

‘Specialist arbitration knowledge for international cases, especially with an energy or oil and gas content.’

Key clients





Capricorn Energy


Louis Dreyfus Company

Tecnicas Reunidas

Khaitan Holding (Mauritius)

BB Energy

Work highlights

  • Representing KHML in its long-running, $1bn bilateral investment treaty claim against India, arising out of India’s cancellation of its 2G Mobile telephone provider licences.
  • Continuing to represent joint venture parties in their 14-year dispute with the Government of India over the allocation of profits from the Ravva oil and gas field (offshore India).
  • Successfully defending a longstanding client in a $2.7bn arbitration relating to the construction of an infrastructure project.

Pillsbury Winthrop Shaw Pittman LLP

Pillsbury Winthrop Shaw Pittman LLP‘s ‘first-class arbitration group‘ is particularly well known for energy-related disputes. 'One of the top arbitration lawyers in the country', practice head Deborah Ruff specialises in high-value disputes involving clients from the energy, infrastructure, construction, telecoms, banking, and corporate sectors. Ruff also represents both investors and states in bilateral investment treaty and multilateral treaty cases. At counsel level, Julia Kalinina Belcher focuses on CIS, MENA and US-related claims, while Charles Golsong is 'an extraordinary lawyer'.

Practice head(s):

Deborah Ruff

Other key lawyers:

Julia Kalinina Belcher; Charles Golsong


‘A small, but focused group that keeps costs in check, and has superior knowledge and business experience.’

‘A first-class arbitration group. They may be small in number but pack a mighty punch.’

‘Hands on and gets deeply involved in cases.’

‘Deborah Ruff and Julia Kalinina Belcher are a formidable and tenacious team. They fight their clients’ corner with vigour and determination.

Deborah Ruff now needs to be viewed as one of the top arbitration lawyers in the country.

‘Charles Golsong is a wonderful contact in London. He is efficient, responsive, and an extraordinary lawyer.’

Key clients

Mobile Telecommunications Company KSC

Stewarts Law LLP

Stewarts Law LLP houses a dedicated international arbitration practice that covers commercial and investor-state arbitration, along with arbitration-related litigation before the English Courts. The practice is now led by Sherina Petit, following her recent move from Norton Rose Fulbright. Other key names include commercial and investment treaty arbitration specialist Alejandro Garcia, and Daniel Wilmot, who is 'a bright light in the arbitration world'. Senior associate Mark McMahon focuses on Middle East, Americas and Africa-related commercial, energy and construction disputes.

Practice head(s):

Sherina Petit

Other key lawyers:

Alejandro Garcia; Daniel Wilmot; Mark McMahon; Louis Peacock-Young


‘Clients achieve excellent results with Stewarts. A go-to team for international arbitration.’

‘Alejandro Garcia always provides state-of-the-art advice. He has deep knowledge both of the applicable law and procedural issues.’

‘Alejandro Garcia has outstanding knowledge and understanding of the ins and outs of investment arbitration.’

‘Daniel Wilmot is a top talent, prepared to roll up his sleeves and battle for his client’s interests. Calm and collected under pressure, with great lateral thinking.’

Daniel Wilmot is a bright light in the arbitration world – very smart, very good with clients, and very commercially minded.

Mark McMahon is a rising star in international arbitration. He has a superb grasp of the international arbitration field.’

Sherina Petit is a powerhouse in the international arbitration world, particularly as regards India-related work.

‘Sherina Petit is exceptional. She gives 110% to her clients and is a fantastic strategist.’

Key clients

Aiteo Eastern E & P Company

Republic of Poland

Work highlights

  • Representing Terence Highlands, a British national and founder of a shipbuilding company, in a large-value investment treaty arbitration against Mexico concerning the illegal seizure of two state-of-the-art vessels.
  • Defended Aiteo Eastern E & P Company against an ICC arbitration, brought by a subsidiary of the Shell Group, which related to a $512m facility that was extended to purchase an oil field interest.
  • Representing the Republic of Poland in setting aside an enforcement order, obtained in proceedings brought before the English Courts to enforce an arbitral award.

Vinson & Elkins RLLP

With 'vast experience and remarkable knowledge in international arbitration', Vinson & Elkins RLLP’s London practice is widely respected for its  representation of energy, and oil and gas, clients in high-stakes global disputes. Louise Woods acts in investment treaty and international commercial arbitrations under all the major rules; Nick Henchie 'has vast experience'; Roberta Downey and Scott Stiegler act in construction disputes; and Angus Rankin focuses on power project-related claims. Senior associate Ciara Ros is 'very highly regarded for infrastructure disputes'.

Practice head(s):

Louise Woods

Other key lawyers:

Nick Henchie; Roberta Downey; Scott Stiegler; Angus Rankin; Ciara Ros


‘Hugely experienced in energy/construction and related arbitrations that have huge quantum at stake.’

The firm lives and breathes diversity from the top down and it is involved in so many interesting initiatives.

‘Louise Woods – an exceptional lawyer, who is hardworking and experienced. Also very highly regarded for her worthwhile work with ArbitralWomen and Women in Energy – clients don’t know how she finds the time!’

‘Louise Woods has excellent in-depth arbitration expertise.’

‘Nick Henchie has vast experience and is good to work with.’

Ciara Ros is very highly regarded for infrastructure disputes.

‘Responsive team with excellent strength in depth and experience – particularly in energy work.’

‘What makes Vinson & Elkins’ dispute resolution practice unique is its vast experience and remarkable knowledge in international arbitration, as well as its concentration on energy and construction disputes.’

Key clients

Ministry of Oil of the Republic of Iraq – Basrah Oil Company

Panama Canal Authority

Work highlights

  • Representing the Ministry of Oil of the Republic of Iraq (as representative of the Republic of Iraq) in two arbitrations, which have also given rise to related suits in the US and other national courts.
  • Handling a series of arbitrations for the Panama Canal Authority, arising out of complex and technical construction disputes with Grupo Unidos por el Canal, a consortium of European and Panamanian companies that was hired to build a third set of locks (as part of the Panama Canal expansion project).
  • Representing two Fluor subsidiaries in an ICC arbitration against the Sadara Chemical Company (a joint venture company).

Bracewell (UK) LLP

An excellent firm', Bracewell (UK) LLP‘s London office focuses exclusively on energy sector work. John Gilbert routinely assists with disputes concerning oil and gas exploration and production, as well as the construction and operation of pipelines and downstream sector-related arbitrations. The majority of Alistair Calvert's recent caseload involves North Sea and Africa-related instructions, while Robert Meade acts in international disputes concerning oil, gas, power, infrastructure, construction and international trade. Jameela Bond is ‘an excellent senior associate‘.

Practice head(s):

John Gilbert

Other key lawyers:

Robert Meade; Jameela Bond


‘An excellent firm, specialising in the oil and gas/energy sectors.’

‘Alistair Calvert is a standout operator.’

‘Jameela Bond is an excellent senior associate, who will doubtless soon be made up as partner.’


Housing 'a strong team with some outstanding individuals', Carter-Ruck acts for states and investors, under a range of arbitral rules, in major investment treaty cases. Senior partner Cameron Doley is 'an outstanding figure in this field'; Guy Martin is a public international law, European law and human rights specialist; and Miranda Rushton is experienced in investor-state and international commercial arbitrations. At senior associate level, Lawrence Northmore-Ball and François Holmey are 'very intelligent and insightful'.

Practice head(s):

Cameron Doley

Other key lawyers:

Guy Martin; Miranda Rushton; Lawrence Northmore-Ball; François Holmey; Katherine Hooley; Amber Courtier


‘A strong team with some outstanding individuals.’

‘Cameron Doley’s team at Carter-Ruck is unsurpassed in dealing with cases that involve diplomatic or geopolitical complexities.’

‘Cameron Doley is an outstanding figure in this field. He is fiercely intelligent, and has the necessary breadth of vision to satisfy the complex requirements of clients.’

‘They immediately identify what really matters and never lose sight of it.’

‘François Holmey is an incredibly talented senior associate, who does much of the heavy lifting, not only on the client side but also in understanding the legal landscape.’

The senior associates, particularly Lawrence Northmore-Ball and François Holmey, are extremely good – very intelligent and insightful.

‘Lawrence Northmore-Ball is a diligent senior associate with great knowledge of international arbitration.’

‘An extremely diligent team with extensive knowledge of various industries.’

Key clients

The State of Qatar

Al Jazeera Media Network

SHS Holdings

Cooley (UK) LLP

Cooley (UK) LLP‘s London team is routinely mandated for matters involving oil and gas exploration work, licensing rights in the Middle East, technology licensing, and disputes involving life sciences sector clients. It is additionally sought out by blue-chip insurers and reinsurers from the UK, US, Bermuda, and continental Europe to assist with disputes. Henry Stewart acts in high-value arbitrations for life sciences companies, while James Maton is UK disputes head. Laurence Harris also has notable international arbitration experience.

Practice head(s):

James Maton

Other key lawyers:

Henry Stewart; Laurence Harris; Juan Nascimbene


‘Clever, hard workers and critical minds.’

‘Knows how to put problems and questions, and is able to solve issues.’

Covington & Burling LLP

Covington & Burling LLP‘s 'really solid and skilled lawyers' consistently act in substantial international commercial arbitrations, along with multilateral and bilateral investment treaty cases. The team is particularly well known for its arbitration credentials in the energy, technology, insurance, construction, and life sciences and consumer goods industries, especially in relation to Eastern Europe, Africa and the Middle East. Jeremy Wilson co-chairs the global international arbitration practice, which features London and Washington DC-based Jonathan Gimblett, and recently-promoted partner Monique O’Donoghue.

Practice head(s):

Jeremy Wilson

Other key lawyers:

Craig Pollack; Greg Lascelles; Monique O’Donoghue


Covington has a team with deep knowledge of commercial law in international markets.

Experts at crafting strategies to address each obstacle.

Honest and forthright in their advice, never leading the client to believe they have a better chance at success than they really do.

Key clients


Government of Ukraine


Work highlights

  • Lead arbitration counsel for Ukraine’s national energy company, Naftogaz, (and six of its subsidiaries) in a mega-value investment treaty claim against the Russia Federation over the seizure of assets in Crimea.
  • Defending TotalEnergies, and its Malawian subsidiary, against a Johannesburg-seated UNCITRAL arbitration, brought by Prima Fuels for allegedly unpaid fuel rebates.
  • Acting, pro bono, on behalf of the Government of Ukraine, in submitting an application initiating proceedings against the Russian Federation before the International Court of Justice, including a request to order Russia to suspend its military operations against Ukraine.

Curtis, Mallet-Prevost, Colt & Mosle LLP

Curtis, Mallet-Prevost, Colt & Mosle LLP‘s ‘extremely capable litigators‘ act in high-stakes disputes across the globe. Particularly well known for representing sovereigns in investor-state and inter-state claims, the London team is increasingly acting for multinational corporations in high-value international commercial arbitrations. The principal figures are London litigation practice head Mark Handley; London and Milan-based Milo Molfa, ‘a rising champion in complex arbitration proceedings‘; and Serena Boscia Montalbano and Charles Buderi, who both divide their time between London and Dubai.

Practice head(s):

Charles Buderi; Mark Handley; Milo Molfa

Other key lawyers:

Serena Boscia Montalbano; Justin Jacinto; Luciana Ricart; Lise Johnson; William Hampson; Alessandro Rollo; Odysseas Stergianopoulos; Salah Malas; Belén María Ibañez


Outstanding professionals, always meeting the strictest deadlines, and delivering high-quality legal services.’

‘Always willing to discuss the merits of the case, even during non-working hours – they are extremely capable litigators and committed professionals, with a very clear understanding of the legal market.’

‘Full commitment, client oriented, and with an extremely practical and commercial approach.’

‘Extremely prepared, creative, flexible, and attentive.’

Luciana Ricart shows she has an extensive experience in investment arbitration and a solid knowledge of international law. She has a clear vision of what she wants to achieve and how to do it, making her very diligent in coordinating a team.

‘Milo Molfa is highly recommended. A rising champion in complex arbitration proceedings.’

‘What makes this firm unique is the exceptional quality of its services.’

‘The firm provides an outstanding service in every aspect throughout the preparation of cases. Achieves good results for the client.’

Key clients

State of Kuwait

Argentine Republic

Republic of India



Met Newen México SA de CV

Neosia Renewables

Republic of Cyprus

MT Russia



Danieli & C Officine Meccaniche

State of Libya

Republic of Uganda

Republic of Kazakhstan

Antrix Corporation

Kingdom of Spain

Work highlights

  • Assisted the State of Kuwait defeat two investment claims, including a claim brought over a billion-dollar road project by a joint venture (comprising two Italian companies) and a Spanish company.
  • Successfully represented the Republic of Cyprus in high-profile arbitrations, involving claims based on regulatory measures in the banking industry.
  • Achieved a resounding victory for the Kingdom of Spain, declining jurisdiction over some of the claimants’ claims and dismissing the remaining claims on the merits.

DAC Beachcroft LLP

DAC Beachcroft LLP‘s 'very well-managed team' incorporates expertise in insurance disputes, commercial dispute resolution, and construction and aviation claims; and the firm has particular experience in Latin America-related matters. Practice head Clarissa Coleman is 'an outstanding tactician, who never gets lost in the detail’; Ken Forsyth's experience covers arbitrations under the ICC and UNCITRAL rules, along with statutory and ad hoc arbitrations; and Richard Highley acts in arbitrations involving banks, financial institutions, commercial entities, and professionals.

Practice head(s):

Clarissa Coleman

Other key lawyers:

Ken Forsyth; Richard Highley; Patrick Hill; Anthony Menzies; Julian Miller; Chris Wilkes; Tim Pickworth


‘A very well-managed team, able to allocate specific tasks to individual members so as to provide the most efficient and cost-effective result. They stand out in this respect.’

‘Strength in depth, including at the associate level.’

‘Clarissa Coleman is an outstanding tactician, who never gets lost in the detail.’

Key clients

China Taiping

Work highlights

  • Acting in a coverage dispute concerning a Covid business interruption claim.
  • Acting in an appeal under s.69 of the Arbitration Act 1996, which concerns the application of professional indemnity insurance.

Farrer & Co

Farrer & Co acts in significant disputes involving parties from across Europe, the Middle East, Central Asia, the Far East, sub-Saharan Africa, and the Caribbean. Its core focus is commercial arbitration, but it also houses experts in investor-state arbitration, art-related matters, and sports disputes. The practice is also increasingly active in marine construction and shipping matters. Hendrik Puschmann leads the group, which comprises sports disputes specialist Kate Allass, construction expert Edward Banyard Smith, and commercial disputes partner Ian De Freitas.

Practice head(s):

Hendrik Puschmann

Other key lawyers:

Kate Allass; Edward Banyard Smith; Ian De Freitas; Adrian Parkhouse; John Wilkinson; Oliver Blundell; Thomas Rudkin


‘Hendrik Puschmann is highly skilled and has great humour.’

Key clients

Hitzinger (in administration)

HTI High Tech Industries (in administration)

International Canoe Federation

Vattenfall Vindkraft

Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson LLP

Focused on M&A, finance and investment disputes, Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson LLPprovides a very high-quality service efficiently‘. Dividing his time between London and Brussels, international arbitration chair James Kitching is routinely sought out to handle arbitration proceedings under the rules of leading international arbitration institutions, such as the ICC, LCIA, and the Swiss Chambers’ Court of Arbitration; and James Barratt is ‘dedicated to obtaining the best results for clients‘.

Practice head(s):

James Kitching

Other key lawyers:

James Barratt


‘The team is very strategic in its work. It provides a very high-quality service efficiently.’

‘The standout partner is James Kitching. He thinks strategically about matters and surrounds himself with a high-quality team.’

An excellent team – really high quality.

Key clients


Oracle Health

Work highlights

  • Represented Perrigo in an arbitral claim for damages of $2.5bn (plus interest and costs), resulting from a substantial and complex fraud, and alleged breaches of warranties.
  • Represented Oracle Health in a $1.3bn dispute, resulting from the repudiation by the UK Government of a contract with Fujitsu Services.

Gide Loyrette Nouel LLP

Focused on commercial and investment disputes, predominantly in relation to energy and infrastructure, Gide Loyrette Nouel LLP‘s London group has ‘very detailed knowledge of investment arbitration‘. London IDR leader Rupert Reecebrings gravity to hearings‘; and raised to partner in June 2022, Saadia Bhatty heads the investment arbitration arm of the firm’s London’s international arbitration practice. At counsel level, Hannah McIrvine acts for clients from the construction, energy, commercial, technology, and insurance sectors.

Practice head(s):

Rupert Reece; Saadia Bhatty

Other key lawyers:

Hannah McIrvine


Gide’s particular attribute is its experience and knowledge of the Continental European market, and the business culture of the key players.’

‘Rupert Reece is a pleasure to work with. He has a very easygoing nature, but is extremely knowledgable.’

Rupert Reece brings gravity to hearings and is very convincing.

Its ability to work as a team across different offices (London and Paris), and to work very closely with local counsel in Mauritania has been much appreciated.

‘Very detailed knowledge of investment arbitration, especially in relation to tax and mining issues.

The team is very talented and its advocacy skills are excellent.

Saadia Bhatty is outstanding – her technical analysis, strategic thinking and advocacy skills are all excellent.

Saadia Bhatty has very good knowledge of mining and tax disputes on the African continent.

Key clients

Consortium formed between Powerchina Huadong Engineering Corporation and China Railway 18th Bureau Group Company

Work highlights

  • Acted for a consortium (formed by Powerchina and China Railway) in two arbitration procedures against VSH, a Vietnamese state-owned energy company, arising out of a contract for the design, engineering, and construction of tunnels for a hydroelectric project.

Gowling WLG

Able to handle large and complex cross-border disputes‘, Gowling WLG‘s international arbitration team has significant expertise in technology, life sciences, and construction and engineering arbitrations. Gordon Bell's 'years of experience shine through'; Mike Stewart is an expert in construction and infrastructure project-related claims; and Birmingham-based Tom Price is ‘a joy to work with‘. Principal associate Patrick Fox focuses on complex commercial disputes in the energy and construction sectors, while senior associate Dominic Sinnott is 'an up-and-coming lawyer'.

Practice head(s):

Gordon Bell

Other key lawyers:

Mike Stewart; Tom Price; Patrick Fox; Dominic Sinnott; Dan Wood; Adain Bailey


‘The team is able to handle large and complex cross-border disputes. Good collaboration as co-counsel and good use of technology.’

Very dedicated and professional handling of cases.

Provides various alternative paths to move cases forward, which helps clients make fast and reasonable decisions.

‘Gordon Bell is a star. Years of experience shine through – strategic, insightful, and never shies away from the thorny issues. Excellent to work with.’

‘Gordon Bell is an excellent lawyer that takes ownership of his assignment. Very hands on.’

‘Tom Price is a joy to work with.’

‘Dominic Sinnott is an up-and-coming lawyer with a sharp mind and a great attitude.’

‘Very strong offering.’

Key clients

Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources, Republic of Albania

Surrey County Council

Work highlights

  • Co-representing (with a Finnish law firm) an international engineering solutions company, as claimant, against a UK counterparty in an ICC arbitration, which concerns the rebuild of an industrial facility in northern Europe.
  • Acting for a joint venture of international contractors, in relation to an ICC arbitration arising from the construction of a water facility in the Middle East.
  • Acting for a major European industrial company in an ICC arbitration, arising from the construction of a process plant in Northern Europe.

gunnercooke LLP

gunnercooke LLP‘s disputes group is highly experienced in ad hoc international arbitrations, as well as matters under the rules of the major international arbitral bodies. David Breslin specialises in international arbitrations in the insurance, financial services, energy and international trade sectors, while Philip Rubens' recent workload includes Anglo-Indian disputes. In summer 2023, the group expanded at partner level through the recruitment of investment treaty dispute experts Chloe Carswell and Uliana Cooke from Reed Smith LLP and PCB Byrne, respectively.

Other key lawyers:

David Breslin; Philip Rubens; Andre Yeghiazarian; Khaled Moyeed; Chloe Carswell; Uliana Cooke


‘Uliana Cooke is a young, talented and ambitious partner. Tremendous work ethic and great with clients.’

Hausfeld & Co LLP

Hausfeld & Co LLP‘s ‘driven, focused, accomplished and experienced team‘ comprises sector specialists in finance, aviation, and claimant-side insurance. In November 2022, the ICC appointed Ned Beale to the International Chamber of Commerce’s UK Arbitration and ADR Committee; London commercial disputes head John McElroy focuses on complex financial services and contractual disputes; and Lucy Pert routinely manages international, cross-border commercial arbitrations. Elected the firm's first female managing partner in London in early 2022, Lianne Craig has strong connections to the Spanish market.

Practice head(s):

John McElroy

Other key lawyers:

Ned Beale; Lucy Pert; Lianne Craig; Rebecca Warder; Faye Moore


‘The team leaves no stone unturned when it comes to proposing unconventional ideas and advanced approaches to solutions. It always looks for solutions!’

‘A driven, focused, accomplished and experienced team in this sector.’

‘A very safe pair of collective hands. No churn – just clear, commercial advice.’

‘Ned Beale is not only solutions oriented, but also extremely pleasant to deal with and always accessible.’

‘Ned Beale is a hardworking and thoughtful lawyer who focuses on clients’ interests first.’

‘Ned Beale is a very talented individual and creative lawyer with excellent judgement. Great at the big picture, but equally on top of hunting down the detail.’

‘The Hausfeld arbitration team is very focused, efficient and on the ball. It’s very impressive indeed.’

‘John McElroy is a plugged-in, commercial, astute and engaged partner; and Lucy Pert’s attention to detail, client care and work ethic cannot be faulted.’


'Pragmatic and commercial when approaching cases', HFW‘s international arbitration practice is particularly active in disputes involving the construction, energy, shipping, aviation, insurance, banking, financial services, and trade and commodities sectors. Damian Honey's track record includes several matters that concern changes in the commodity markets, while Adam Strong 'has particularly strong connections with litigation funders'. Alistair Feeney, Sarah TaylorMax Wieliczko and Andrew Williams all maintain active arbitration practices.

Practice head(s):

Damian Honey

Other key lawyers:

Adam Strong; Alistair Feeney; Sarah Taylor; Max Wieliczko; Andrew Williams; Vanessa Tattersall; Simon Blows


Deep knowledge of the commodities, aviation, and oil and gas markets.

The team has real breadth of experience – from investment treaty arbitration to shipping.

They are pragmatic and commercial when approaching cases and disputes. They will do the work that is required but not rack up unnecessary costs.

The team has excellent sector-focused knowledge and a wealth of international arbitration experience in numerous jurisdictions worldwide.

The team can easily adapt to work on small disputes and large cross-border claims, and everything in between.

Damian Honey is great to work with – very dedicated and has deep knowledge.

Damian Honey is a commercially astute and experienced litigator – he is able to calmly navigate tricky issues and listens to his clients’ particular needs.

Adam Strong has developed the firm’s investment treaty practice and is highly regarded. Pragmatic and well liked by clients, he has particularly strong connections with litigation funders.

Key clients

The Hellenic Republic

Work highlights

  • Acting for the Hellenic Republic in an ICSID arbitration brought by two Lebanese investors, following their purchase of the Skaramangas shipyard.

Hill Dickinson LLP

With longstanding experience in major arbitration work, Hill Dickinson LLP is increasingly active in offshore disputes and commodities arbitrations. The track record of 'standout partner' Adrian Jones includes arbitrations involving South Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East, the Caribbean, and Russia; Darren Wall specialises in commodities and dry shipping disputes; and Paul Taylor is also an active arbitration partner.

Practice head(s):

Adrian Jones

Other key lawyers:

Darren Wall; Paul Taylor


Hill Dickinson is a client service-oriented firm and provides an excellent service at a cost-efficient price.

Consistently wins work and really works hard to keep clients happy and satisfied.

‘Adrian Jones is a standout partner. He is totally accessible, and a partner who goes the extra mile for the client to ensure a premium level of service. Clients feel totally safe in his hands.

Howard Kennedy LLP

Howard Kennedy LLP‘s ‘diverse and very interesting practice‘ handles significant international cases that frequently involve states or state-owned entities, particularly in Africa and the Indian sub-continent.  Group leader Duncan Bagshaw 'fights extremely hard for his clients', while India group chair Arish Bharucha, a May 2022 partner recruit from Cooke, Young & Keidan LLP, regularly acts in India-related arbitrations and arbitration matters in court. Legal director Ayesha Salim assists with contractual, company, shareholder, partnership, and joint venture disputes.

Practice head(s):

Duncan Bagshaw

Other key lawyers:

Arish Bharucha; Ayesha Salim


‘Very experienced team. Professional in every respect, and very responsive and available.’

‘Duncan Bagshaw is an excellent negotiator. Clients feel excellently represented by him. He looks after their interests in the best possible way.’

‘Duncan Bagshaw is great and fights extremely hard for his clients.’

‘Duncan Bagshaw has a wonderful way with clients, and gives sound and practical advice.’

‘An excellent team – highly collegial and client friendly. They make a conscious effort to promote diversity.’

Arish Bharucha is the go-to lawyer for Indian businesses looking to litigate and arbitrate in London.

‘A diverse and very interesting practice.’

‘An excellent team with a particular focus on high-level work in Africa.’

Key clients

Eurafric Power

The Republic of Ghana

The Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Bluequest Energy Resources

Work highlights

  • Acting for the Republic of Ghana in arbitration proceedings brought by Tullow Oil, seeking over $300m in damages and declarations, in relation to taxes levied upon the proceeds of oil production.
  • Representing an African bank in LCIA arbitration proceedings involving a $56m claim against a multinational oil and gas company.
  • Representing the Islamic Republic of Pakistan in an arbitration to defend a £23m claim brought by an independent power producer company.

King & Wood Mallesons

'Equally fluent in commercial and investment treaty arbitrations', King & Wood Mallesons‘s London team is well known for its work for Chinese and Asian parties. The group also is also experienced in the Eastern and Central European and CIS markets. International arbitration specialist Wilson Antoon is 'a very sharp and an excellent operator'; and elevated to partner in January 2023, James McKenzie focuses on construction, infrastructure and energy-related disputes. Former partner Andrei Yakovlev joined Boies Schiller Flexner (UK) LLP in March 2023.

Practice head(s):

Wilson Antoon

Other key lawyers:

James McKenzie; Viktoriya Krasyuk


Wilson Antoon is smooth and energetic.

Wilson Antoon is a very sharp and an excellent operator.

Great experience plus energy!

Key clients

NJSC Naftogaz Ukrayiny

People’s Republic of China

Work highlights

  • Represented Naftogaz in an LCIA arbitration involving a shareholder dispute, which represents a battle with Ukrainian oligarch Igor Kolomoyski for the control of Ukraine’s oil and gas reserves.
  • Represented a Chinese media group, as claimant, in an LCIA arbitration against contractors for the construction of several entertainment venues.
  • Defended a Chinese entity against a HKIAC arbitration, which concerned a HK$5.8bn dispute over a terminated share subscription agreement.


With a notable track record in mega-value arbitration cases, ONTIER LLP's London practice recently hired Aoife Keane as partner from Seddons, while also promoting Felicity Potter to the partnership. Keane has particular expertise in China-related disputes, while Potter's experience includes acting before various arbitral forums under all the major arbitral rules. A 'senior partner with huge experience and great client-handling skills', Oliver Cain acts in cases throughout Europe, Asia, the Middle East, Africa, Latin America, and North America.

Practice head(s):

Oliver Cain

Other key lawyers:

Aoife Keane; Felicity Potter; Nicholas Dawson; Amy Harvey


‘They work tirelessly and all to the benefit of the client. They retain perspective and good humour,  as well as good working relations, and deliver effective action.’

Oliver Cain is a senior partner with huge experience and great client-handling skills. He is a great litigator.

Felicity Potter is a relatively new partner who is smart, hardworking and a pleasure to work with.

‘Felicity Potter is an outstanding dispute resolution partner. Hardworking, creative, a good communicator and unflagging energy. Good team leader.’

‘Amy Harvey is a key addition to the team. Her work ethic and attention to detail are both exceptional.’

‘Very hardworking, commercially minded and client focused.’

‘Nicholas Dawson is a very bright senior associate who is one to watch. He is sharp, conscientious, fast, and has great judgement.

‘Very hard-working, commercially minded and client focused.’

Work highlights

  • Acting for a former major shareholder in two Russian banks, in $85m LCIA arbitration proceedings.
  • Acting for a Cypriot company in relation to $125m arbitration dispute involving a Canadian mining company.
  • Acting for a major European steel producer in relation to LCIA proceedings brought by a Swiss commodities trader.

Crowell & Moring U.K. LLP

'A star performer in this arena', Crowell & Moring U.K. LLP's international dispute resolution group is jointly headed by Laurence Winston, whose recent experience includes a high-value ICC arbitration matter involving the construction of an airport; and Robert Weekes, who has extensive experience in acting for clients based in the Middle East.

Practice head(s):

Laurence Winston; Robert Weekes

Other key lawyers:

Nicola Phillips


‘This firm is staffed by a high-quality team whose powers of communication, planning and thinking are superior to other firms.’

‘Robert Weekes – remarkable ability to read, retain and comprehend facts, and to develop his facts into a strategy for the case.’

Robert Weekes is a superb strategist.’

‘Nicola Phillips is a mastermind in her co-ordination of a case.’

‘Strong expertise and a flexible commercial attitude. A star performer in this arena.’

‘They think beyond legal technicalities and give sound strategic advice.’

‘Clients always have a very good experience with Laurence Winston and Robert Weekes.’

‘Gordon McAllister has brilliant insight and Lauren Blanchard is an invaluable asset for any case.’

Key clients



Don’t Look Media

Advertise Purple

Goldman Sachs

Katoen Natie

Giant Group

Rasmala Trade Finance Fund

Work highlights

  • Represented Broadsheet, an Isle of Man LLC, against the Government of Pakistan in a breach of contract-related international commercial arbitration.

Dechamps International Law

'Responsive and expert' international arbitration boutique Dechamps International Law acts in both investment treaty and commercial disputes at institutional and ad hoc arbitral proceedings. Representing investors, states and state agencies in investment and commercial disputes globally, ex-Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer LLP counsel Jean Paul Dechamps is the firm’s global head.

Practice head(s):

Jean Paul Dechamps


‘Responsive and expert arbitration boutique with tremendous LatAm experience.’

‘Deep experience of successfully running funded cases.’

‘Jean-Paul Dechamps has an incredible capacity for mastering the detail and understanding the client’s objectives. He has a phenomenal work ethic.’

Key clients

South32 SA Investments

Glencore International

Glencore Finance (Bermuda)

Latin American Regional Aviation Holding

Diamante Trading Investments

Deutsche Lufthansa


Government of Romania

Victorio Podestá Combustibles

Work highlights

  • Representing South32 SA Investments in an arbitration against Colombia under the ICSID Arbitration Rules and the United Kingdom-Colombia BIT, in relation to measures that affected the claimant’s investments in a mining project.
  • Representing Latin American Regional Aviation Holding in an arbitration against Uruguay under the ICSID Arbitration Rules and the Panama-Uruguay BIT, in relation to measures that affected the claimant’s investment in a local airline.
  • Representing Glencore International in an arbitration against Colombia under the ICSID arbitration rules and the Colombia-Switzerland BIT, in relation to measures that affected the claimant’s investments in the infrastructure sector.


Core areas for LALIVE ‘s London office are energy, construction and mining. Genevieve Poirier is a commercial arbitration specialist; Lorraine de Germiny is an investment arbitration expert; and Marc Veit works between the firm’s London and Zürich offices. Nicholas Lawn was hired in June 2023 from Van Bael & Bellis (London) LLP.

Practice head(s):

Genevieve Poirier; Lorraine de Germiny

Other key lawyers:

Marc Veit; Nicholas Lawn; Robert Bradshaw; Kevin Huber


‘Flexible, dynamic and professional.’

‘Diverse, dynamic, straightforward, and they get results.’

‘Lorraine de Germiny oozes expertise while being easygoing and helpful.’

‘An excellent boutique firm with first-class service.’

‘Genevieve Poirier is a real standout litigator. Bright, commercially savvy, and excellent to deal with. She’s also extremely hardworking and seemingly on-call 24/7.’

‘The way LALIVE staffs cases is brilliant, with the partners very well supported by associates and other juniors.’

‘Marc Veit has an exceptional grasp on the quantum aspects of claims.’

Robert Bradshaw has an amazing grasp of detail and is always available.

Key clients

Gate Gourmet Korea


Prairie Mining

Republic of Latvia

Indiana Resources and Winshear Gold Corporation

Lupaka Gold Corporation

Work highlights

  • Representing Romania in a $4.75bn ICSID arbitration, initiated by Canadian and UK investors over a gold mining project.
  • Representing four related Australian and UK entities (Prairie Mining) in two UNCITRAL arbitrations, arising out of a mine and hard coking coal project in Poland.
  • Acting in two separate ICSID arbitrations in the mining sector against Tanzania, following legislative reforms revoking retention licenses.


Fielding a ‘top-class team for international arbitration‘, O'Melveny‘s London international disputes and arbitration group head, David Foster, has particular experience in disputes in the technology, professional services and financial services sectors. Foster’s practice additionally covers investment treaty law and arbitrations, while counsel Lauren Sweet also focuses on international arbitrations.

Practice head(s):

David Foster

Other key lawyers:

Lauren Sweet; Sarah Knapton


‘Amazing responsiveness, and deep understanding of the markets and issues at hand. The billing is also fair – clients couldn’t be happier.’

‘David Foster is an absolute pleasure to work with – he is a first port of call for any issue.’

‘David Foster is a very experienced litigator and commercial arbitrator, who has a good head for strategy.’

Key clients

Asiana Airlines

Net Insurance

Jason Cox

Amaury Sechet

Carbogen Amcis

Dishman Carbogen Amcis

Atlantic Partners SPC Fund

Sargeant Petroleum

Pallas Partners LLP

Established in early 2022, Pallas Partners LLP‘s international arbitration offering notably features Nelson Goh, an investment and international commercial arbitration specialist. Former practice head Will Hooker left in November 2023.

Other key lawyers:

Nelson Goh; Natasha Harrison;


‘Pallas is a high-quality boutique focused on disputes.’

‘The team from Pallas is nimble and highly responsive. They secure successful results for clients.’

‘Nelson Goh is very helpful and responsive.’

‘What makes Pallas unique is the firm’s culture and leadership, which attracts incredible talent at all grades. Everyone, from the most junior member, is passionate, diligent and detail oriented. Clients don’t just get the star partners – they get an all-star team.’

‘They always seem to be a few chess moves ahead of their opponents.’

Key clients

Korek International (Management)

International Holdings

Madison Pacific Trust

Work highlights

  • Representing Korek Telecoms Company, and its majority shareholders, in a high-value dispute concerning alleged breaches of a shareholder agreement.
  • Acting for Madison Pacific in arbitrations commenced against PrivatBank, a Ukraine-based bank, in relation to loans funded by two notes issuances in 2010 and 2013.

Seladore Legal

Specialist disputes firm Seladore Legal is experienced in handling significant arbitrations, particularly LCIA cases. The group also has notable expertise in arbitral challenges before the English courts. Senior partner Simon Bushell has longstanding experience in Russia and CIS-related disputes, while Kevin Kilgour's broad commercial disputes practice encompasses arbitration work.

Practice head(s):

Simon Bushell

Other key lawyers:

Gary Milner-Moore; Kevin Kilgour; Gareth Keillor; Afzalah Sarwar; Owen Hammond; Richard Ellison


‘They have assembled a formidable line-up of star partners from City firms who are now able to drive home their talent in this more niche firm, which is defter and quicker than many others.’

‘Seladore is a boutique practice specialising in commercial and fraud litigation, particularly in the international arbitration space.’

‘Enormous skill and experience, particularly at partner level.’

‘Simon Bushell brings a career’s experience; and Gary Milner-Moore, Gareth Keillor and Kevin Kilgour are immensely hardworking, able, insightful litigators.’

Work highlights

  • Represented the defendant in YDU v SAB, successfully resisting a s.68 challenge to an arbitral award.
  • Representing the claimant in an LCIA arbitration, relating to the breach of a share purchase agreement for a company operating in the petrochemicals sector.
  • Acting for the claimant in an LCIA arbitration, in relation to control of a joint venture company that owns a significant stake in a major Russian ports/infrastructure company.

Taylor Wessing LLP

Taylor Wessing LLP's London practice houses experts in arbitrations arising out of the life sciences, fintech, telecoms, and transportation sectors. Andrew Howell is global co-head of international disputes; Karel Daele is Mishcon de Reya LLP's former arbitration head; and Nick Storrs is 'highly commercial and a real fighter'.

Practice head(s):

Andrew Howell; Karel Daele; Nick Storrs

Other key lawyers:

Laurence Lieberman; Elizabeth Montpetit; Jessica Thomas


Ready to go the extra mile, expanding existing knowledge with completely new issues and sector specifics.’

‘Top-class practice that is able to go toe to toe with anyone on the full range of disputes.’

‘Taylor Wessing has an increasingly strong practice in this area, particularly following the recruitment of Nick Storrs and Karel Daele.’

‘Nick Storrs is highly commercial and a real fighter. He sees straight to the heart of the legal and commercial issues, and where the pressure points are, which allows him to achieve the best possible result for his clients.’

‘Through Nick Storrs, the law firm has significant expertise in disputes in the natural resources and oil and gas sectors.’

‘Karel Daele is a great leader, and has the best intuition about how to present a case to the tribunal and get the best results for clients.’

‘Shows good commercial sense and it resolutely aims to achieve the best result for its clients.’

‘Elizabeth Montpetit is very knowledgeable, clear and persuasive. Tribunals listen to her attentively.’

Key clients

Kingdom of Belgium

RSM Production Corporation

Work highlights

  • Representing Blazo Tasev in a $1.5bn UNCITRAL arbitration against the Republic of North Macedonia, in relation to the unfair treatment and expropriation of mining investments.
  • Acting for one of the largest generic Pharma companies in the world in an arbitration concerning complex contractual and scientific claims that relate to the extraction of pain relief medicine from biological material.
  • Representing an Indian real estate development group in arbitral proceedings against its former joint venture partner, concerning assets valued at $3bn.

Vail Dispute Resolution

Independent disputes practice Vail Dispute Resolution fields 'a small but mighty team that delivers results'. The team specialises in the full range of major investor-state and international commercial arbitration work. Founding partner Tomas Vail is a former White & Case LLP senior associate, who is 'an excellent lawyer and team leader'.

Practice head(s):

Tomas Vail


‘Streamlined, efficient and responsive.’

‘Tomas Vail is knowledgeable, responsive, and has great instincts – ideal qualities for a commercial arbitration practitioner.’

‘Tomas Vail puts together teams that are suited to each matter he works on. Because he has very good contacts and networking skills, he seems to have a variety of people at all levels of seniority that he can call upon.’

‘Tomas Vail is as well versed as anyone for CIS disputes. He is particularly good at finding third-party funding for claimant-side work.’

‘Tomas Vail is an excellent lawyer and team leader, who is capable of coming up with innovative solutions.’

‘What makes this practice unique is the ability to pull together the right team for each case, depending on the skills and languages needed. They also offer flexible fee arrangements.’

‘The team is always well coordinated, where each person is responsible for their part of the case and has a good understanding of the position and strategy.’

‘A small but mighty team that delivers results.’

Key clients

Petaquilla Minerals

Modus Energy (Netherlands)

Modus Group

Work highlights

  • Continues to represent Petaquilla Minerals (PM) in its high-profile claim against Panama, the dispute arising from the expropriation of PM’s rights over a gold and copper mine.
  • Represented Modus Energy (Netherlands) in its investment treaty dispute with Ukraine regarding investments in the photovoltaic industry.
  • Continues in its representation of Lithuania’s Modus Group in its high-profile claim against Belarus over a project to build a luxury hotel next to the country’s main airport.

Willkie Farr & Gallagher (UK) LLP

Willkie Farr & Gallagher (UK) LLP's 'smart, creative team' is experienced in disputes under the ICC, LCIA, SCC, SCAI and UNCITRAL rules. The practice also acts in ad hoc arbitrations. Duncan Speller is the global co-chair of the firm's international arbitration group, while Dharshini Prasad is 'a very intelligent' counsel.

Practice head(s):

Duncan Speller

Other key lawyers:

Dharshini Prasad


‘Duncan Speller – super-bright English lawyer and highly experienced in complex international disputes.’

‘Great intellect and experience.’

‘Very focused, always on top of the case, and efficient. Provides realistic and objective advice.’

‘Very smart, driven and motivated to succeed, while at the same time staying objective. Hardworking – gives clients the feeling that their case is of top priority.’

‘A smart, creative team that is able to handle matters with a strong technology focus. Strong diversity and very strategic.’

Great ability to capture highly talented professionals.

‘Dharshini Prasad has deep knowledge about the international arbitration forum and strong analytical skills.’

‘Dharshini Prasad is a very intelligent, driven and relentless professional.’

Zaiwalla & Co

Zaiwalla & Co undertakes high-stakes international arbitration work that frequently emanates from India, Russia and the Middle East; and it is increasingly sought out by Iranian companies. Sarosh Zaiwalla is 'one of the market's top disputes solicitors', while Leigh Crestohl acts in construction, media, telecoms, finance, and oil and gas-related matters.

Practice head(s):

Leigh Crestohl

Other key lawyers:

Sarosh Zaiwalla; Saurabh Bhagotra


‘Very strong market reputation. Handles some huge cases.’

‘Zaiwalla & Co has an almost unique place in the market. For, ostensibly, a boutique firm, Sarosh Zaiwalla has built an extremely fine team of partners and associates.’

‘The firm regularly attracts extremely high-profile and complex arbitration.’

‘Sarosh Zaiwalla is a titan of the London legal market. Having acted on some of the highest-profile litigation over the last 40 years, he has a formidable and well-deserved reputation as one of the market’s top disputes solicitors.’

Leigh Crestohl is hugely intelligent, and brings ingenuity and commitment to any matter on which he works.

‘The firm has a small, focused and knowledgeable team for commodities and shipping disputes.’

‘Saurabh Bhagotra brings a very calm, considered and commercial approach to his clients’ cases. He thinks through the implications of tactical steps before taking them, in consultation with the Counsel on the case.’

‘They are a very collaborative team with great knowledge in the arbitration field.’

Key clients

Sharp Corp

Work highlights

  • Acted for Sharp Corporation in its Section 69 appeal, arising out of two sale contracts with Dutch trading house Viterra.