Labour and employment in India


IndusLaw fields a strong bench of labour and employment experts covering all disciplines, from co-head Avik Biswas’ expertise in drafting HR guidance policies and internal regulatory compliances, to associate Ivana Chatterjee’s critical investigations skillset concerning hostile environment and misconduct allegations. Co-head Manishii Pathak leads on issues pertaining to unionised workforces, having recently handled industrial disputes on behalf of global FMCG companies and union negotiations concerning workforce terminations. Further contentious matters handled by Pathak include entitlement disputes and criminal fraud actions. The practice routinely advises global corporate clients on POSH matters, workforce restructuring and downsizing, employee benefits drafting and M&A due diligence.

Practice head(s):

Avik Biswas; Manishii Pathak

Other key lawyers:

Ivana Chaterjee

Key clients

Gates Corporation No

Honeywell International No

ICICI Lombard

MoneyGram International


Shell India

Uber India

Coca Cola India

Zomato India

Autodesk India

Work highlights

  • Advised Amneal on an extensive workforce reduction exercise. The role included strategy and legal advice, classification of the entire workforce into workmen and non-workmen, computation of redundancy and settlement amounts, provision of all legal documentation and provision of all statutory and employee communication.
  • Responsible for all aspects related to employment law compliance, HR integration and creation of new policies and benefits structure for PayU’s acquisition of PaySense.
  • Assisted MoneyGram International with overhauling its entire employment and HR structure for its India operations which included new policies, contracts, compliance matrices and HR practices protocols.

Khaitan & Co LLP

Khaitan & Co LLP covers the breadth of non-contentious employment issues, from senior appointments and exits, incentive plans and audits, to large-scale restructuring and retrenchment exercises and trade union negotiations. On the regulatory front, practice head Anshul Prakash is advising high-profile global corporates in recent changes to employee provident fund contributions. In related contentious proceedings, Vinay Joy handled tribunal appeals for manufacturing clients challenging orders of the Assistant Provident Fund Commission. Other contentious highlights saw Jeevan Ballav Panda handling trade union disputes in the High Court for financial services clients. Senior associate Abhimanyu Pal and associate Kruthi Murthy regularly assist with the breadth of HR governance and compliance matters.

Practice head(s):

Anshul Prakash


The team comprises good professionals with sound subject knowledge.

Anshul Prakash and Abhinav Rastogi have been thorough and diligent in their deliveries.

Anshul Prakash is easy to reach, possesses good knowledge of the area of specialisation and has provided satisfactory advisory services to our company.

Having known and been associated with Anshul Prakash for years for his impeccable advice on employment and labour, our organisation has benefited immensely with his expertise on the subject and excellent research and analytical skills. We regularly consult Anshul on several employment law-related issues involving high stakes and often highly sensitive matters and found his business-friendly advice and responsiveness to be the most impressive.

Responsive, clear, knowledgeable, polite and professional.

Key clients

Ambuja Cements and ACC Limited

Advent International

Indorama Corporation

Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories Limited

Bharat Serums and Vaccines Limited

Rolls-Royce Operations (India) Private Limited

Reliance Industries Limited

Hindustan Unilever Limited

FIS Payment Solutions and Services India Private Limited

Robert Bosh GmbH

LEGO System A/s

Prince Pipes and Fittings Limited

Coty Inc

Koch Industries Inc.

Work highlights

  • Advised both Ambuja Cements and ACC Limited in devising the appropriate strategy to effectuate the proposed change in their senior management.
  • Represented Rolls-Royce Operations before the Central Government Industrial Tribunal-cum-Labour Court in appeal proceedings challenging an order of the Assistant Provident Fund Commissioner (APFC) claiming that the special allowance recorded in books of accounts of the client were basic wages for calculation of provident fund contribution, disregarding the fact that the said payments were in fact hypo tax paid to international workers.
  • Advised and represented FIS Payment Solutions and Services India Private Limited before the High Court in a civil suit and injunction application filed against trade unions (including All Bengal Contract Security Workmen’s Union) for restraining them from obstructing free ingress and egress of members of the public and personnel of the client.

Kochhar & Co.

Kochhar & Co. provides a full-service labour and employment practice to Indian and multinational corporates. Suhas Srinivasiah  and Savita Kesav Jagadeesan handle trade union negotiations and disputes in the automotive, manufacturing and technology sectors, while litigation in regards to employee data breaches is a growing field of expertise. Practice head Vijay Ravi leads the way on HR guidance and policy engagements, encompassing workforce reductions (including hybrid solutions), health and safety guideline drafting, senior hires and exits and misconduct investigations, and Debjani Aich is the go-to name for all POSH matters. Practice head Rohit Kochhar established the Covid-19 Legal Risk Assessment & Mitigation desk, available to all retained clients. The firm’s association to the international Ius Laboris network assists Indian companies without overseas expansion projects.

Practice head(s):

Rohit Kochhar; Vijay Ravi


The firm has a very good reputation and highly experienced partners with specialised domain knowledge in HR & industrial disputes. The basic strength of the firm is that it has very competent and experienced partners who, in addition to other elements, understand the importance of providing legal solutions in a timely manner. The firm maintains the highest quality in its work, which is performed keeping the latest amendments/changes of law into focus.

I met the team last year and have worked with them since  on employment matters. I find the whole team is very knowledgeable on employment matters and has a commercial sense which is valuable to our organisation.

Kochhar & Co. has done a fabulous job in partnering with us on all compliance and legal matters. They are very responsive, acts very responsibly while making recommendations, and are very much genuine in what they do and suggest.

The teams strengths are in agility and ability to adapt to the client’s requirements while holding to the ethical practices. The firm responds with a good turn around time while ensuring sufficient and efficient research is also done.

The team has been proactive in providing timely analyses and opinions on impact of new guidelines.

Key clients



Willis Towers Watson

Sainsburys Agro India

Western Digital

TMS Global

Longview Aviation

ABB Group

Globalization Partners

Cushman & Wakefield India

BSES Yamuna Power Limited

Chegg India

Inditex Trent Retail India Private Limited (ZARA)

Rishworth Aviation

Dimension Data

GroundTruth India Private Limited

Work highlights

  • Successfully represented the Indian subsidiary of a large US multinational in a high-profile case against certain former employees and obtained injunction orders restraining the former employees from competing against the client.
  • Provided legal support and assistance to a multinational client in a highly confidential and sensitive investigation against senior officials who were alleged to have engaged in financial impropriety.
  • Obtained an injunction in favour of an Indian subsidiary of a Global Fortune 500 company against a demand of non-payment of statutory dues made by the Employees State Insurance Corporation.

Nishith Desai Associates

The HR law team at Nishith Desai Associates is retained by some of the largest global corporates on the market for full-scope labour and employment guidance, with a focus on regulatory advice and compliance, policy implementation, workforce strategy, agreement structuring, terminations and employee transfers. Practice head Vikram Shroff is a trusted advisor to large-scale technology and private equity clients; Ajay Singh Solanki is the go-to name for compensation and benefits structuring; and Preetha Soman is developing a strong misconduct and POSH practice, which encompasses internal leadership audits and workforce training. The firm’s dispute resolution lawyers field experience in handling labour and employment arbitrations.

Practice head(s):

Vikram Shroff

Other key lawyers:

Ajay Singh Solanki; Preetha Soman


The team excels in availability and timely response.s Attentive to pressing deadlines, gives personal attention and demonstrates commitment and care.

Vikram Shroff, head of employment department, my main contact: Knowledgeable, smart, experienced. Has many contacts and familiarity with the employment domain, in many levels, which contribute to his experience and ability to advise. Gives personal attention to any matter, but also distributes work between other team members in an efficient manner when necessary. Makes himself available whenever a need arises. I value his commitment to myself and to my organisation, especially in recent unique times.

Provides the required legal input, interpretation of laws etc. in a satisfactory and clear manner, but also puts a large emphasis on practical solutions.

Ajay Singh Solanki is smart, knowledgeable and experienced. Good in providing to-the-point input, both on the pure legal sphere and on the practical end of employment relations.

Preetha Soman is smart and articulate. Holds great expertise in certain areas, and whenever I have a chance to work with her, I’m highly impressed by her knowledge and advice.

Archita Mohapatra is the newest member of the team. Smart, driven and precise.

Key clients









Automation Anywhere








TPG Global

Paramount Pictures


Little Caesars Pizza


BNY Mellon

Silicon Valley Bank



Work highlights

  • Advised Disney on Indian employment law issues arising out of the acquisition of 21st Centry Fox, including but not limited to transitioning of employees.
  • Handled Gardner Denver’s merger with Ingersoll Rand’s industrial segment; advised Gardner Denver on the Indian employment law aspects of the transaction.
  • Advised Nvidia on the Indian employment law aspects of its acquisition of Mellanox.


The employment practice at Trilegal provides its diverse client roster with the breadth of contentious and non-contentious matters covering senior-level hires and exits, reorganisations, internal investigations, employee handbook drafting and remuneration policies. Practice head Atul Gupta’s extensive regulatory knowledge is applied to complex legal questions surrounding third-party workers and high-value due diligences. A substantial manufacturing client base engages the team on unionised workforce disputes and negotiations, while Swarnima is a leading voice in regards to POSH matters, heading up the dedicated workplace sexual harassment policy advisory and training practice. Criminal proceeding involving wrongful termination and discrimination allegations are also handled.

Practice head(s):

Atul Gupta; Swarnima

Key clients









Rolls Royce


Work highlights

  • Acted for Pitney Bowes on the Indian leg of its acquisition by Syncsort.
  • Advised American Mortgage Company (AMC) on amending its framework regarding carrying background verification and medical and drug tests after supporting AMC in initiating action against an employee who failed his drug test.
  • assisted Lyondell Basel on the full breadth of employment strategy for closing down its factory.

ALMT Legal

Aliff Fazelbhoy heads the employment practice at ALMT Legal, offering expert advice on employment contract negotiations, ESOP planning, international workforce regulations, senior executive terminations plus subsequent challenges, misconduct hearings and breach of confidential information disputes. Kruti Desai handles matters pertaining to POSH (including conducting training sessions), internal complaints procedures, workforce reorganisations, regulatory compliance and HR handbook drafting. The diverse client roster including names from the IT, heavy industry, online marketplace, professional services, telecoms and education sectors. Highly rated senior associate Ahetesham Thaver adds strength across all advisory mandates.

Practice head(s):

Aliff Fazelbhoy

Other key lawyers:

Kruti Desai; Ahetesham Thaver


A very responsive team and very capable to adapt to the team dynamics of the client.

Aliff Fazelbhoy is clear in his advice and has proved to be of great added value to us and our clients when needing legal guidance in India. This team is unique in terms of their quality of response and the response time. The legal advice provided is a perfect blend of legalities as well as practical outlook towards a problem.

Kruti Desai is an absolutely helpful person and her advice has helped us so much. She has always apprised us with situations well before the implantation of the solutions then preparing us well to handle a situation. In spite of her busy schedule, she has been so flexible and made herself available for consultation when needed thus providing us a speedy response. I am really happy working with her.

Ahetesham Thaver has been very helpful in his approach and advice.

Key clients

National Schools Bengaluru

Capgemini SA

V-Ships India Pvt. Ltd.

Seagate Technologies

Continnum Managed Solutions

Sanghvi Beauty & Technology Private Limited

Daiwa Portfolio Advisory (India) Private Limited

Work highlights

  • Advising Mobitech Creations Private Limited (OnePlus) on all applicable employment laws pertaining to drafting of employment agreements, termination of employees and various legal opinions.
  • Advised National Public Schools, Bengaluru on the legal issues and documentation and end-to-end handholding of the management team of the client towards setting-up various organisational and operational processes.
  • Advising V-Ships India on labour legislation applicable to workmen and non-workmen for termination including retrenchment and reduction of salary and on the applicability, validity and binding nature of various COVID-19 circulars/orders issued by the Ministry of Home Affairs and the various state governments.

AZB & Partners

AZB & Partners provides a dedicated labour employment practice with extensive expertise in HR guidance, policy and compliance matters. Co-head Nohid Nooreyezdan is a leading name for regulatory expertise, particularly regarding POSH, immigration and employee benefits, while also handling highly sensitive and contentious senior exits. Co-heads Rachit Bahl and Veena Gopalkrishnan advise on staff reorganisations, retrenchment, employee documentation, collective bargaining and due diligence. The team benefits from a dedicated compliance and investigation desk which is deployed on senior-level misconduct and workplace harassment investigations, with co-head Sunila Awasthi being a key name on this front.

Key clients

ABB India Limited


Amdocs Group

Avery Dennison India

Axis Bank Limited

Bank of America

Baxalta Singapore Pte Ltd.

Bristol-Myers Squibb


Ceragon Networks Ltd.

Citibank N.A.

Columbia University

Comverse Network Systems Private Limited

Daimler Financial Services India


Netgear Technologies

NRB Bearings Limited


Piaggio Vehicles Private Limited

Quess Corp Limited

RCI Asia-Pacific Singapore LLC

Richemont India Private Limited

Sandoz India


Schrodinger Inc

Simon & Schuster, Inc.


Star India Private Limited

Work highlights

  • Assisted a US publishing house with evaluating a potential conflict of interest situation and advised on disciplinary actions, as well as the possibility of terminating employment.
  • Advised a healthcare conglomerate on compliance with prevention of sexual harassment laws in India and prepared the company handbook and policies in this regard.
  • Advised the Indian branch of a multinational bank on various labour law issues, including with respect to termination provisions, covering simplicitor termination, termination for cause, including termination of absconding employees.

Cyril Amarchand Mangaldas

The labour and employment practice at Cyril Amarchand Mangaldas is currently engaged by a suite of high-profile corporate clients to assist with high-stakes employee provident fund issues, including internal compliance updates and appearances before the authorities handled by Richa Mohanty Rao and practice head Rashmi Pradeep. The practice is also noteworthy for generating high-value, employment-driven transactional work, recently for global pharmaceuticals companies. Recently elevated partner Abe Abraham applies his extensive regulatory knowledge to benefits structuring, POSH guidance and the implementation of internal grievance mechanisms.

Practice head(s):

Rashmi Pradeep

Other key lawyers:

Richa Mohanty Rao; Abe Abraham

Key clients

Pfizer Healthcare India Private Limited

Bank of Baroda

Varian Medical Systems Inc.

Thomson Reuters India Private Limited

Quess Corp Limited

Warburg Pincus LLC


Air India Limited

Tailwind Capital Group

Hotel Corporation of India Limited

Work highlights

  • appointed by Pfizer Healthcare India Private to provide advice and assistance in connection with the cessation of manufacturing activities at the Aurangabad and Irungattukottai plants and the proposed exit from these site comprising  approximately 1780 employees and approximately 600 contract labourers.
  • Appointed by Bank of Baroda regarding the first of a kind amalgamation and three-way merger of three state-run banks: Vijaya Bank, Dena Bank and Bank of Baroda, all listed nationalised banks having public shareholders.
  • Acted as legal counsel to Quess Corp Limited in connection with the appointment of the chief executive officer-designate and executive director to be subsequently appointed as the sole chief executive officer of the company.

J Sagar Associates

J Sagar Associates focuses on the HR and regulatory aspects of labour and employment, encompassing POSH guidance and training, data privacy issues, employee transfers and restructuring, senior hires and exits and misconduct investigations. A substantial set of clients in the manufacturing sectors engages co-heads Sandeep Mehta and Rupinder Malik on trade union negotiations. Co-heads Sajai Singh and Shivpriya Nanda regularly provide employment support on M&A transactions and other corporate activity.

Key clients

Sistema Shyam Teleservices Limited

Work highlights

  • Advised and assisted a global semiconductor manufacturer in the transfer of over 800 employees during its acquisition of a business unit of another leading semiconductor manufacturer.
  • Assisted a multinational software company  in preparing an exhaustive HR guide aimed to be a virtual employment law library providing solutions and guidelines to its HR managers on all aspects from interviewing candidates, onboarding them, daily policies regulating employment matters, termination of employees etc.
  • Conducted multiple anti-sexual harassment training sessions across the country for a real estate developer.

L&L Partners Law Offices

Suyash Srivastava leads the labour and employment practice at L&L Partners Law Offices with a broad focus encompassing HR guidance, transactional due diligence and contentious matters. Regarding the latter, Srivastava and Damini Bhalla are involved in trade union disputes for employers in the heavy industries. William Vivian John regularly handles workforce restructuring exercises, internal misconduct investigations and ESOP structuring. The team recently handled extensive employee transfers in high-value corporate transactions in the private equity, media, pharmaceuticals, IT and electronics sectors.

Practice head(s):

Suyash Srivastava

Other key lawyers:

Damini Bhalla; William Vivian John

Majmudar & Partners

The predominantly international client roster of Majmudar & Partners’ labour and employment practice comprises noteworthy names in the pharmaceuticals, IT, telecoms, FMCG, engineering and professional services sectors. The breadth of HR guidance, restructuring, senior hires and terminations and POSH compliance is advised on, while an uptick in breach-of-confidentiality disputes was witnessed by the team. Neerav Merchant and N. Raja Sujith lead the practice, and Amrit Mehta adds strength to transactional and tax-related employment issues, including in regards to ESOP structuring.

Practice head(s):

Neerav Merchant; N. Raja Sujith

Other key lawyers:

Amrit Mehta

Key clients

KeepTruckin, Inc.

Sysdig, Inc.

thyssenkrupp Elevator (India) Private Limited

Minance Technologies Private Limited

MBB Labs Private Limited

Hamburg Sud India Private Limited

Livevox Solutions Pvt. Ltd.

Valagro S.p.A

GS Engineering & Construction Mumbai Private Limited

Work highlights

  • Provided employment law advice to KeepTruckin Inc’s Indian subsidiary.
  • Provided Indian employment law advice to Sysdig, Inc. involving complex employment, tax and Indian foreign exchange regulatory issues.
  • Provided advice to Minance Technologies Private Limited on the actions to be taken for data theft and violation-of-confidentiality obligations by ex-employees.

Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas & Co

Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas & Co’s labour and employment practice focuses on providing HR guidance and policy support for the firm’s substantial global client base. Practice head Pooja Ramchandani advises on senior-level hiring and retrenchment, full-scope workforce structuring, POSH and disciplinary policies, employee benefits negotiations and M&A support. Internal misconduct investigations is also a point of strength, supported by principle associate Vaibhav Bhadwaj and senior associate Kriti Kaushik. Sector expertise is broad, though the team is particularly active in the healthcare, aviation, banking and finance and manufacturing industries.

Practice head(s):

Pooja Ramchandani

Other key lawyers:

Vaibhav Bhadwaj; Kriti Kaushik


They have in-depth understanding of our business and provide relevant, tailored legal advice. They are our preferred firm for these reasons.

Pooja Ramchandani, Kriti Kaushik and their team are extremely receptive and responsive to our needs. They are easily approachable and make themselves available whenever required. Their research and advice is in depth and contextual.

Bharucha & Partners

A substantial roster of multinational clients retains Bharucha & Partners’ labour and employment practice for HR guidance pertaining to ESOP structuring, whistleblowing policy support, POSH matters, M&A due diligence and senior-level hires and exits. Regarding the latter, Vandana Pai and practice head Justin Bharucha represent the interests of both senior employees and employers. Recent contentious matters included novel disputes concerning unrecognised labour unions, breach of confidentiality and theft of trade secrets by ex employees.

Practice head(s):

MP Bharucha; Justin Bharucha

Other key lawyers:

Vandana Pai


Great can-do attitude and approach.

Very pragmatic and internationally oriented.

Very professional and reliable.

Results oriented and helpful.

Key clients

General Motors



Idea Vodafone Limited

ITC Limited

FirstSource Solutions Limited

Alchem International

General Atlantic Private Limited

Marico Limited

Tata Communications Limited

Larsen & Turbo

Shopsense Retail Technologies Private Limited

Balaji Telefilms Limited

Telenor India Pvt. Ltd

BrainPulse Technologies Private Limited

Swasth Foundation

Relevant E Solutions Private Limited

India Factoring and Finance Solutions Private Limited

Phoenix Mills Limited


Work highlights

  • Represented FirstSource Solutions Limited  in disputes before the labour courts and labour commissioners, including two disputes filed by employees for wrongful termination.
  • Assisted General Atlantic with the Employee Stock Option Plan (ESOP) as part of its investment in Capital Foods India Private Limited.
  • advised Alchem International on its anti-sexual harassment policy, including: (i) drafting the Prevention of Sexual Harassment (POSH) policy for the client and reviewing the policy on regular intervals; (ii) conducting POSH workshops at all the offices/ factories of the client; and (iii) advising the client on complaints of sexual harassment received by it.

HSA Advocates

HSA Advocates provides labour and employment advisory support to a client roster comprising domestic and international employers. Compliance and regulatory work is particularly strong for the team, aided by recently launched in-house platform ‘UnComplycate’ made available to retained clients. Key partners Jivesh Chandrayan, Rachika A Sahay and Soumya Kanti De Mallik advise on employee transfers in M&A transactions, internal misconduct investigations, immigration issues and senior hires and exits, recently in the renewable energy, healthcare, IT, FMCG and oil and gas sectors.


What makes this practice unique is their ability to bring together their in-house experts to solve complex problems. They helped us weigh all our options, merits and demerits and advised us in a crisp and simplified manner that enabled us to make the right decision internally. During a critical COVID-19 situation, we were helped immensely by their legal expertise.

HSA Advocates is an excellent law office to work with. They are quite diligent and knowledgeable. They have handled multiple cases for us and always advise us on the best course of action with the cost benefit analysis in the background.

Overall a highly professional team with an easy working relationship. Well coordinated, role is clear between team members, each member equally inquisitive to know and understand the requirements of the client and thus available and able to resolve the issues.

Jivesh Chandrayan has been a good legal professional and his counsel and advice is second to none. He ensured that he brought all stakeholders together, advised us correctly on documentation and explained things in a very easy manner for us to execute seamlessly.

Jivesh Chandrayan is our contact within HSA Advocates and he has advised us on multiple labour cases. He is well aware on the intricacies of labour law, has huge knowledge of legal practice which he combines with knowledge of the industry we work in in order to deliver the best results.

The most important aspect which makes Jivesh Chandrayan stand out is his understanding of the case and quicy cross referencing with international law and practices. This makes it easy for our HQ abroad to understand the nuances of the legal practices in India and thereby compare and arrive at a conclusion.

Apart from his sound knowledge, Jivesh Chandrayan is a fine gentlemen who is easily approachable at all times. This gives us comfort to approach him anytime. He is a very important asset to any organisation. Further, he has the knack of putting the case out very simply, giving examples relevant to our issue. This has immensely helped us to arrive at a conclusion.

Jivesh Chandrayan has been very important in running of our India operations.

Key clients

Terma A/S Denmark and Terma (India) Private Limited

Innovaccer Inc.

INFOBIP – Infobip India Private Limited and BSMART India Private Limited

Marche Retail Private Limited

HH Global: Procurement and Creative Production Solutions

SREI Infrastructure Finance Limited

Sigfox Singapore Pte. Ltd.

HORIBA India Private Limited

Acme Solar Holding India

JVS (JOULON Group Company)

GATX India Private Limited

Caterpillar Inc

GAIL India Ltd.

Stibo System India Private Limited


Work highlights

  • Handholding Innovaccer Inc. through the fluctuations in labour and employment laws during the COVID-19 pandemic, characterised by various government orders, petitions before the courts, suspension of labour laws, extension of regulatory timelines.
  • Advised a Chinese streaming platform on the labour law mechanisms in India, the applicable legislations (including the compliance) and practical considerations in relation to setting up business operations in India.
  • Advised a state-owned natural gas processing and distribution company on the essential aspects of labour laws in relation to the proposed demerger wherein the company will transfer a part of its business to another entity.

Phoenix Legal

Ongoing instructions for Phoenix Legal’s labour and employment practice include compensation package structuring, collective bargaining negotiations (for the extensive manufacturing client base), employee contract reviews, workforce reorganisations and M&A-related due diligence. A long list of IT clients retains the team for advice on retrenchments, executive-level remuneration and trade union negotiations. The partnership comprises practice heads Manjula Chawla, Saket Shukla, Abhishek Saxena and Sawant Singh.

Key clients

Equentia Natural Resources Pte. Ltd. and Equentia SCF Technologies Private Limited

Dell Inc.

Groupon Inc.

Zorg Industries (Hong Kong) Limited

Dynavax Corporation

ASTA Energy Transmission Components GmbH

ClearMedi Healthcare

Ciena Corporation


Catholic Relief Services

Work highlights

  • advised Dell on structuring the transfer of employees as part of the transaction involving 100% acquisition of Unifi Software Inc. by Boomi.
  • Providing employment advice to Groupon in relation to its subsidiary, Groupon Shared Services (Groupon India) on an ongoing basis.
  • Advised Dynavax Technologies Corporation, a US listed company, is a fully-integrated biopharmaceutical company focused on developing, and commercialising novel vaccines on an employment agreement in accordance with applicable Indian laws.

Samvad Partners

Samvad Partners offers a strong bench of employment experts covering the full range of disciplines. Co-head Ashwini Vittalachar and Junaira Rahman advise on senior hires and exits, internal investigations and broad regulatory advice including POSH policy implementation. Co-head Poornima Hatti spearheads the contentious work, including criminal proceedings into financial fraud, industrial disputes, trade secrets breaches and misconduct allegations. The team advises early-stage companies and start-ups in innovative sectors (including healthtech and fintech) on ESOP structuring and all other employee incentive packages.

Other key lawyers:

Junaira Rahman

Key clients

ANI Technologies Private Limited (Ola)

CIGNEX Datamatics Technologies Limited

Daiwa Corporate Advisory India Private Limited

DCS Advisory

Dell International Services India Private Limited

Delhivery Private Limited

Eastern Engineering Company Private Limited

Eurofins Advinus Limited

Exilant Technologies Private Limited

Fintellix Solutions Private Limited

GlaxoSmithKline Pharmaceuticals Ltd.

Global Consumer Products Private Limited

Huron Eurasia Private Limited

Interglobe Aviation Ltd. (Indigo)

JP Morgan India Services Private Limited

Jumbotail Technologies Pvt. Ltd.

Mahindra Aerostructures Pvt. Ltd.

Manthan Software Services Private Limited

McKinsey & Company, Inc.

MTS Systems Corporation

Red Brick Lane Marketing Solutions Pvt. Ltd.

Ruptub Solutions Private Limited (Treebo Hotels)

Sarvaloka Services-On-Call Private Limited

SFO Technologies Private Limited

Stryker Global Technology Centre Private Limited

Thorogood Associates India Pvt. Ltd

Titan Company Ltd

Work highlights

  • NA
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Singhania & Partners LLP

Labour and employment advice on high-value transactions at Singhania & Partners LLP is provided by co-heads Ravi Singhania, Shilpa Shah, Manish Kumar Sharma and Rudra Srivastava. Recent highlights involved complex transfers and retrenchments in highly unionised sectors. Numerous IT clients instructed the team on employee misconduct investigations and subsequent hearings. The team also drafts POSH guidelines and other HR policies for all clients. Highly praised senior associate Bhanu Harish recently advised IT clients on multi-state compliance requirements.

Other key lawyers:

Bhanu Harish


Laws in India are often complex and the law and its application are not always consistent. I appreciate that Singhania & Partners are able to give very practical advice for foreign investors who may not necessarily understand the norms in India.

Rudra Srivastava and Bhanu Harish are very prompt in responding to most queries and often assist with preparing documents or giving very clear guided instructions on what clients need to do without being asked. It helps us feel ensured that we are not missing out anything just because we failed to raise a question. They are always available for a call to address clarifications needed.

Key clients

Kohler Co.

Semtech Advanced Systems India Private Limited

Shangri-La International Hotel Management Ltd.

iQor India Services Private Limited

ABS Industrial Verification (India) Private Limited

CECO Emtrol Buell India Private Limited

Oxford University Press

Work highlights

  • Advising Kohler on employees’ termination and transfer consequent to transfer of business of the Indian leg from the perspective of labour laws and drafting requisite documents in this respect.
  • Gave a detailed note to Semtech Advanced Systems listing the compliance requirements under several labour laws in numerous states.
  • On behalf of CP Wholesale, conducted interviews and counselling sessions with the employees of the client in relation to a possible misappropriation of funds leading to a large-scale corporate fraud across its many branches in the National Capital Region.

Chadha & Co

The labour and employment partnership at Chadha & Co. comprises Namita Chadha and Savita Sarna, who are retained by a strong roster of multinational clients. Typical instructions involve misconduct disputes and investigations, M&A support, regulatory compliance and HR guidance. Additionally, the team was recently engaged by clients in the life sciences sector to advise on risk management of outsourcing undertakings, and clients in the entertainment sector for employee data risk analysis.

Practice head(s):

Namita Chadha; Savita Sarna

Key clients

International Trading Fashion & Apparel Supply Limited (Hong Kong)/ ITFAS India Fashion Private Limited

]Electronic Arts Limited

Sojitz India Private Limited

STMicroelectronics Private Limited

ConvaTec (Singapore) Pte Ltd/ ConvaTec India Private Limited

Schenker India Private Limited

United Ocean Ship Management

Rivigo Services Private Limited

Delhi International Airport Limited

William Grant & Sons Limited

Pinkerton Corporate Risk Management India

DSM Sinochem Pharmaceuticals India Private Limited

Japan External Trade Organization

KCI Medical India Private Limited

Japan International Cooperation Agency

Work highlights

  • Advised International Trading Fashion & Apparel Supply Limited on the options of transferring the employees of its Indian distributor to its Indian entity.
  • Conducted a challenging disciplinary proceeding initiated by KCI Medical India pursuant to an internal complaint.
  • Representing United Ocean Ship Management in a litigation matter, as raised by an ex-employee of the client.

Clasis Law

Numerous corporate partners at Clasis Law including Vineet Aneja and Vikram Bhargava advise extensively on labour and employment issues. Recent work pertained to large-scale retrenchment exercises, senior management hires and terminations, and full-scope policy drafting for international corporate clients. The firm also handled misconduct investigations and subsequent disputes.

Practice head(s):

Vineet Aneja; Vikram Bhargava

Fox Mandal & Associates

Shyamal Mukherjee heads the employment practice at Fox Mandal with assistance from commercial partners Kaustuv Chunder and Purnima Kamble. Recent instructions included dispute resolution with senior employees, POSH guideline structuring, full-scope HR policy implementation and corporate due diligence. The client list comprises start-ups and established corporates in the the heavy industry, IT and financial services sectors.

Key clients

HMS Host Services Private Limited

Dover India Private Limited

Morningstar India Private Limited

Indian Oil Petronas Private Ltd

Cognizant Technology Solutions

Balmer Lawrie

SUSPA Pneumatics (India) Pvt. Ltd.

Exide Industries Ltd

FNF India Private Limited

Lloyds Banking Group

Capital One Services (India) Private Limited

United States Pharmacopeia – India Private Limited

CDK Global (India) Private Limited

Cyient Limited

ZF India Technology Center

Synchrony International Services Private Limited

Verisign Inc.

Work highlights

  • Advised a multinational conglomerate on all aspects of employment laws, including employment documentation, employment policies, termination, disciplinary action, and third-party documentation.
  • Assisted an offshore drilling company with a dispute with an executive holding a very high position. Advising on negotiations with the executive and addressing various allegations made against the executives of the parent company in the US.
  • Assisted a large manufacturing wholly owned subsidiary company of a German company in its various labour and employee related issues, disciplinary proceedings etc., and in disputes with Workmen’s Union of Factory Workers and litigation with the Union before the authorities.


Dimpy Mohanty leads the employment practice at LexCounsel, emphasising advisory support and HR guidance. Recent matters pertained to workforce restructuring, disciplinary and whistleblower policy implementation, furlough programmes, immigration support and compliance with the Industrial Disputes Act for warehouse staff.

Mani Chengappa & Mathur

The technology sector-focused employment practice at Mani Chengappa & Mathur provides advisory support to a host of growth and established companies in IT, connectivity services, fintech, data management and e-commerce; hospitality and financial services clients are also counted on the roster. Practice heads Utham Chengappa and Neil Mathur handle policy drafting, HR guidance, regulatory advice and mediation.

Practice head(s):

Utham Chengappa; Neil Mathur

Key clients

Brightsword Technologies Private Limited

Triphase Technologies Private Limited

Utkarsh Small Finance Bank Limited

Sierra-Cedar India Private Limited

Work highlights

  • Assisted the Indian entity of Brightsword in drawing up and structuring its employment documentation such as employment agreements, confidentiality and non-disclosure agreements and employment policies in line with its business and operational requirements and in accordance with the legal mandate.
  • Advised Triphase Technologies on how to best deal with employee disputes and assisted in drawing up certain employment related documentation such as intellectual property assignment agreements.
  • We provide regulatory advice to Sierra-Cedar India Private Limited on an ongoing basis on complex regulatory issues that exists in labour laws.

Poovayya & Co

A team led by Siddhartha George handles contentious and non-contentious labour and employment issues at Poovayya & Co. On the latter, the team recently handled arbitral proceedings for technology clients concerning salary payments. Trade union negotiations, employment law audits, contract drafting, disciplinary procedures and all other HR requirement are advised on.

Practice head(s):

Siddhartha George


The team at Poovayya & Co is excellent. They have been key drivers in labour compliance documents and agreement updates in our company. They have numerous teams and a support ecosystem to have all things managed. We have worked with them for all things legal of our company and is go-to firm for any initiatives.

Siddhartha George is pivotal to our relationship with the firm.

Amit Kiran helps us with the queries and getting the things done internally from the teams. He actively contributes and shares insights into compliance.

Bhumika Maheshwari is hands-on in terms of agreement creation and legal insight management.

Key clients

7EDGE Internet Private Limited

Board of Control for Cricket in India

Cap Gemini Technology Services India Private Limited

Work highlights

  • Advising Board of Control for Cricket in India, the apex Indian body governing cricket in India, with respect to its labour and employment requirements.
  • Advising Cap Gemini Technology Services India Private Limited with respect to ongoing arbitral proceedings on the payment of salary.
  • Drafted the employment contracts, handbook and internal human resource policies for 7EDGE. The Firm also regularly advises 7EDGE on their ongoing staffing requirements, including agreements with contractors and termination agreements.


Regular non-contentious matters at SNG & PARTNERS' employment practice (which is headed by Rajesh Gupta) include HR compliance audits, policy implementation and corporate due diligence. Anju Gandhi is handling novel matters for global financial services clients concerning the administration of employee provident funds for international workers. Gandhi also handles sensitive ADR procedures arising from employee misconduct under POSH guidelines.

Practice head(s):

Rajesh Gupta

Other key lawyers:

Anju Gandhi