Firms To Watch: Competition: EU and global

Geradin Partners has strong expertise in the tech sector, representing a number of multinational clients before the European Commission and international regulators in cases relating to the Digital Markets Act and ongoing Big Tech investigations.

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Competition: EU and global in Belgium

Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton

Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton remains active at the top end of the market, advising on large-scale global merger clearance proceedings and behavioural investigations, on behalf of an array of blue-chip clients in fields including tech, manufacturing, and financial services. The firm also has a strong litigation capability, representing clients in behavioural litigation, as well as a number of follow-on damages cases relating to cartel activity. The practice features a number of senior players, with practice head Thomas Graf an experienced player in the behavioural field, and Robbert Snelders advising on global merger control and abuse of dominance proceedings. Christopher Cook is highly active in the merger space, while Antoine Winckler has extensive expertise in cartel cases. Recently promoted counsel Esther Kelly is noted for her role in a wide range of cartel, behavioural, and merger matters in various industries. François-Charles Laprévote regularly represents clients before European courts in state aid and merger litigation, while Niklas Maydell focuses on abuse of dominance and vertical co-operation cases. Isabel Rooms joined from Linklaters in March 2022.

Practice head(s):

Thomas Graf


‘The quality of their legal team—expertise, talent, responsiveness—is unmatched by any other firm on a global basis’

‘Good specialists.’

While some high-end firms are overly theoretical, Cleary is very practical and well-rounded. They are strong deal lawyers, but also very good advocates and counsellors.

Overall, I think they have the best Competition Law/Antitrust practice in the world and in the EU.

Understand the business.


Pragmatic approach.

Excellent virtual collaboration.

Key clients



Veolia Environnement

Ryanair Holdings


The Walt Disney Company

NVIDIA Corporation



AB Lietuvos gelezinkeliai

The Coca-Cola Company

Schibsted /Adevinta

Philip Morris International Management SA

Vifor Pharma

Whirlpool Corporation

BNP Paribas

Work highlights

  • Advised Alstom on its acquisition of Bombardier Transportation, creating the largest non-Chinese player in the rail area.
  • Advising Veolia Environnement on EU merger control proceedings for its proposed €11.3bn acquisition of Suez.
  • Advised Google LLC on its $2.1bn acquisition of Fitbit Inc.

Clifford Chance

Clifford Chance handles major strategic merger clearances and behavioural cases, and is frequently involved in a number of high-profile proceedings in the tech, life sciences, and financial services sectors. Of particular note is the firm’s antitrust technology work, with practice head Thomas Vinje advising global technology giants on EU investigations into anti-competitive behaviour, state aid, and merger issues. The firm also represents clients before the EC and European courts in litigation, with Dorothée Vermeiren a key name for cartel litigation and follow-on damages cases. Anastasios Tomtsis plays a leading role in major international merger clearances, alongside retail sector behavioural cases, while Richard Blewett offers notable multijurisdictional merger and investigations expertise, having previously worked in the firm’s Hong Kong and Beijing offices. Dieter Paemen specialises in the intersection between IP and antitrust issues. Ashwin Van Rooijen was promoted to partner in mid-2021, specialising in abuse of dominance cases.

Practice head(s):

Thomas Vinje

Other key lawyers:

Aleksander Tombinski; Dorothée Vermeiren; Richard Blewett; Ashwin Van Rooijen; Anastasios Tomtsis; Dieter Paemen


‘This law firm offers a significantly high level of service in terms of response time, business acumen/industry knowledge, appropriateness of advice, strength-in-depth of team and value for money.’

‘The depth and breadth of their knowledge ensures that they are able to support every client’s business needs successfully and provide high quality, innovative legal solutions in the increasingly complex area of legislation and practice.’

‘The people in the team are extraordinary – high availability – practical – solution oriented – high expertise. it is a real pleasure to work with them.’

‘Aleksander Tombinski – he is always solution oriented. If asked they are available to help last minute. He has the ability to explain a complex matter in a way that is understandable for operational people. He always tries to find the best and most practical solution. And above all, his knowledge of the file is excellent, even regarding elements that happened several years ago.’

‘This team has very good connections to the European Commission, especially DG Com. They understand the legal and political environment and give unique advice.’

‘Thomas Vinje: great strategist, well connected.

Ashwin van Rooijen: excellent at handling matters, great knowledge.

Key clients











General Electric (GE)

EPIC Games

Antin Infrastructure Partners and Eurofiber NV

Philip Morris International

China Baowu Steel Group Corporation Limited (China Baowu)

Ardian Infrastructure


Hellenic Financial Stability Fund

Air Malta

Italy Air Transport

Athens International Airport S.A.

Fraport Greece

Work highlights

  • Representing Epic Games, the maker of Fortnite, in its European Union antitrust complaint against Apple for alleged abuse of the latter’s dominant position.
  • Advising GE and GECAS on its merger control filings across approximately 20 jurisdictions, including the US, EU and China.
  • Representing FairSearch, the original complainant in the case that led to the Android Decision, in Google’s appeal of the Android Decision before the General Court.

Covington & Burling LLP

Covington & Burling LLP‘s Brussels team forms a key part of the firm’s Europe-wide competition offering, with strong capabilities across global merger control. cartel investigations, abuse of dominance proceedings, and state aid, with new of counsel Carole Maczkovics bolstering the team’s state aid capabilities following her arrival from DALDEWOLF in late 2021. The firm has attracted a number of major mandates from global, primarily US players, with key sectors including tech, financial services, and life sciences, and has strong relationships with EU and national regulatory authorities. Practice head Johan Ysewyn is now managing partner of the Brussels office, and continues his strong record in EU and global cartel investigations, representing clients in a range of sectors, and Peter Camesasca specialises in work with Asian clients and FDI matters. Of counsel Melissa Van Schoorisse has broad expertise across multijurisdictional merger filings and cartel investigations. Miranda Cole left the firm in April 2022.

Practice head(s):

Johan Ysewyn

Other key lawyers:

Miranda Cole; Peter Camesasca; Carole Maczkovics; Louise Freeman; Laurie-Ann Grelier; Melissa Van Schoorisse


‘Covington has a world-class competition law practice. It is one of a small handful of firms with elite practices in the US and EU, which sets them apart.’

‘Peter Camesasca is an astonishing lawyer who is as at home in complex mergers or cartels as he is managing multi-jurisdictional litigation. Louise Freeman is one of London’s leading competition litigators with deep strategic thinking and a wonderful client touch.’

‘Senior associate Laurie-Ann Grelier is a rising star, with enormous range as a lawyer and bundles of energy.’

‘Very well plugged in; very communicative.’

‘Johan Ysewyn is a real market leader and rather rarely for a competition lawyer, he is commercial and has a great understanding of how the financial markets operate. He is a real “go-to” lawyer for big issues.’

Key clients



Belgian Government

Deutsche Börse AG

Deutsche Telekom

Dexia Group

DPG Media NV

Eaton Corporation Plc

European Tissue Symposium

Fluxys Belgium SA

Kohlberg & Co.

PSA Antwerp/MPET

Renesas Electronic Corp.

Samsung Electronics


Work highlights

  • Representing Deutsche Telekom in a claim brought by the administrators of Phones 4U, relating to an alleged conspiracy among the UK mobile network operators to put Phones 4U out of business.
  • Advising Renesas on EU and global competition aspects of its €4.9bn acquisition of Dialog Semiconductor plc.
  • Advised on the global competition aspects of Eaton’s acquisition of Cobham Mission Systems, valued at approx. $2.83bn.

Herbert Smith Freehills LLP

Herbert Smith Freehills LLP advises blue-chip global clients on clearance proceedings for major international mergers, high-level behavioural investigations, and state aid issues, as well as representing clients before the European Commission in litigation. Integrated with its global offices, the firm is able to lead on complex mandates involving parallel review processes and multi-jurisdictional regulatory reviews, including cases in highly scrutinised sectors such as tech, retail, and telecoms. The practice is led by Kyriakos Fountoukakos, an expert in European and UK competition law who advises on high-level merger control and behavioural proceedings. Lode Van Den Hende specialises in state aid and investor-state disputes, while Daniel Vowden also offers significant UK expertise and advises on parallel merger review processes, behavioural investigations, and cartel matters. Counsel Peter Rowland is a key name for merger control and joint venture advice, with senior associates Camille Puech-Baron and Morris Schonberg specialising in merger control and state aid respectively.

Practice head(s):

Kyriakos Fountoukakos

Other key lawyers:

Daniel Vowden; Lode Van Den Hende; Peter Rowland; Camille Puech-Baron; Morris Schonberg


‘Very strong and proactive team.’

‘Kyriakos Fountoukakos is a very positive person with strategic vision of the matter. We really enjoyed working with him.’

‘HSF has a very hands-on approach, and are very close to the needs of the client.’

‘Kyriakos is an outstanding practitioner.’

‘Great team’

‘Peter Rowland is a rising star who impresses with his analytical skills and efficient approach. Outstanding experience in the chemical sector. Go-to for EC filings. Very pleasant to work with.’

‘Good depth. Efficient, hardworking and experienced. Also collaborative when working with other firms on the same matter. Seem to operate at a scale that allows them to throw resources at a problem when required.’

‘The stand out individual is Lode van den Hende. He is highly experienced in advising clients on state aid matters, particularly those matters with a litigation angle. Lode stands out for his in-depth knowledge of state aid case precedents and the attention he gives to his clients, and he is particularly known for his unique knowledge of the energy sector.’

Key clients


The Coca-Cola Company

Willis Towers Watson




Bauer Media



British American Tobacco

Nord Stream 2

The Weir Group

The Canada Pension Plan Investment Board

Aquind Limited

Work highlights

  • Advising AerCap on its $31bn acquisition of General Electric’s Capital Aviation Services.
  • Advising Willis on its $30bn merger with Aon.
  • Advising Nord Stream 2 on its landmark legal challenge of an EU Directive extending EU gas law to the Nord Stream 2 pipeline.

Jones Day

Jones Day’s global competition team works across high-profile matters relating to merger control, cartels, state aid, and regulatory issues in key sectors such as energy and telecoms. The Brussels office is a key hub for the firm’s wider European offering, and has secured clearances for major deals including Bombardier’s sale of its transportation business to Alstom, as well as defending international clients in litigation before the European Commission. The practice is led by Bernard Amory and Alexandre Verheyden, vastly experienced EU competition practitioners who regularly appear before the Commission and European courts. French-qualified Charlotte Breuvart is active within the energy space and on cartel cases, and Philipp Werner is German-qualified and combines merger control and abuse of dominance expertise.

Other key lawyers:

Charlotte Breuvart; Philipp Werner; Mario Todino; Yvan Desmet; Guillaume Blanc


‘Knowledge of the matter, and how to explain the gist of it for businessmen as well.’

‘Yvan Desmedt definitely stands out. Availability and knowledge are his key assets.’

‘Great and diverse team, client oriented’

‘Charlotte Breuvart – very nice and easy to work with, focus on problem solving for her clients.’

‘Very sound knowledge of competition law. Same team for many years which facilitates cooperation and advice since our particular situation is well known.’

‘Alexandre Verheyden is very competent. We appreciate his sound knowledge of the business world and its constraints which allows him to give pragmatic and very personalized advice. Guillaume Blanc completes him perfectly with details on the case law and our file.’

‘The team is very well composed, with an extended geographical presence and able to cover all needs in this area.’

‘Mario Todino’s expertise is outstanding. In particular, his knowledge of Automotive Financing and his confidence with EU normative and Italian legislation made Mario a very good and proactive partner for our company.’

Key clients

Bank of Italy

Bombardier Inc.

Deutsche Telekom / T-Mobile




General Electric Company


Procter & Gamble





Wind Hellas

Work highlights

  • Advised Bombardier on the successful sale of i’s transportation business for €7.45bn to Alstom.
  • Advised Eaton on the $3.3bn sale it’s hydraulics business to Danfoss Power Solutions, requiring global coordination with merger notifications in multiple jurisdictions including the U.S., EU, China, and Brazil.
  • Represented the Italian Central Bank in its successful defence against the European Commission’s appeal before the EU Court of Justice against the General Court judgment in favor of Banca Tercas.

Latham & Watkins LLP

Latham & Watkins LLP combines its strong international merger control offering with expertise in cartel investigations, litigation, and other enforcement proceedings, including criminal cases, acting on behalf of major international clients across a diverse range of sectors in collaboration with its US and other European offices. The practice was expanded following the arrival of Carles Esteva Mosso from the European Commission, bolstering its expertise in legislative and regulatory change, alongside high-level merger control and state aid proceedings. Sven Völcker advises blue-chip clients on complex merger investigations, with Brussels managing partner Lars Kjølbye also a strong performer in global clearance proceedings before the Commission. Luca Crocco and Héctor Armengod are up-and-coming members of the team, regularly advising on global mergers and enforcement investigations.

Practice head(s):

Lars Kjølbye

Other key lawyers:

Sven Volker; Carles Esteva Mosso; Luca Crocco; Hector Armengod; David Little; John Wileur


‘David Little is first rate.’

‘What makes the practice unique are the individuals that work at the firm. The level of expertise and engagement is outstanding.’

‘Héctor Armengod is an exceptional competition lawyer. His pragmatic approach gets the job done. He is always available for his clients and provides an outstanding service. He also surrounds himself with excellent associates. He is currently one of the best competition lawyers working on European competition law.’

‘Great team, very good knowledge of the EC practices and of the EC regulation, very responsive.’

‘John Wileur is a reliable and efficient competition law specialist.’

Key clients

American Airlines

Singapore Airlines







The Carlyle Group

Siemens Healthineers

Work highlights

  • Advising Grail on its planned acquisition by Illumina, involving the first Art. 22 referral request to the European Commission.  
  • Advising Aon on its planned $30 billion acquisition of Willis Tower Watson which was abandoned following a conditional EU Phase II clearance and merger filings in 17 jurisdictions .
  • Represented Broadcom in the investigation by the European Commission into rebates and other commercial terms related to Broadcom and set-top boxes and modems.

Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom LLP

Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom LLP combines a powerhouse global merger control offering with strong expertise in behavioural and conduct cases, advising clients on investigations and regularly securing favourable judgments from the European Commission and global antitrust bodies. Clients include multinationals and major global businesses in diverse industries, with tech an area of focus. The practice is led by Ingrid Vandenborre, an experienced practitioner across merger control and behavioural cases with particular expertise in Article 101 and 102 issues, merger control specialist Frederic Depoortere, who has secured clearances for a number of high-profile deals, Bill Batchelor, a leader in the field of cartel litigation, and Giorgio Motta, who is also prolific in merger control.

Other key lawyers:

Nils Baeten; Melissa Healey


‘Frederic Depoortere and Niels Baeten are both very responsive, knowledgeable, pleasant to work with and interact very well with regulators and internal stakeholders.’

‘I have found Skadden’s competition team to be outstanding. We use them exclusively for competition issues globally. Skadden is always responsive, practical and available.’

‘Bill Batchelor and Melissa Healy have unrivalled knowledge and experience of our business sector.’

‘Always go the extra mile. Super good. Commercial, technically very good, responsive, incredible to work with. The best!’

‘Different league both personally and professionally.’

‘Very strong.’

‘Bill Bachelor and Nick Wolfe are extremely responsive and provide detailed insights in M&A clearances.’

‘Skadden’s competition team excels in the management of matters beyond the strict legal work. The team is truly cross-border, and steers an excellent cooperation with litigation and corporate finance departments, offering a full-spectrum service.’

Key clients

Air Canada

Aspen Pharmacare Holdings Limited

DSV Panalpina A/S

Electronic Arts Inc.


International Paper Co.

Konecranes Plc.

Middleby Corporation

NCR Corporation

PayPal Holdings, Inc.

Sabre Inc.

SK hynix, Inc.

Speciality Chemicals International Limited

Stryker Corporation


Visa, Inc.

Willis Towers Watson plc.

Xilinx, Inc.

ZeniMax Media Inc.

Zuber and Mohsin Issa and private equity firm TDR Capital

Work highlights

  • Represented Aspen Pharmacare Holdings before the European Commission in relation to allegations of abuse of dominance (excessive pricing) brought by the European Commission; the Commission accepted Aspen’s proposed commitments and concluded the three-year investigation without the finding of an infringement on Aspen.
  • Advised Willis Towers Watson plc. on its $30bn acquisition by Aon plc.
  • Advised ZeniMax Media In on its $7.5bn acquisition by Microsoft Corporation.

Slaughter and May

Slaughter and May combines an active merger control practice, including high-profile involvement in major global clearances, with a strong record in major antitrust investigations and litigation, notably the Google AdSense case, state aid matters, marketing and consumer issues, and follow-on damages proceedings. The practice is active on behalf of major multinational names, and draws upon expertise from Brussels resident partners as well as London-based members of the Brussels Bar. Key names in the team include Bertrand Louveaux and Claire Jeffs, co-chairs of the competition team, Brussels office head Anna Lyle-Smythe, and Natalie Yeung, who takes the lead on Asia-domiciled matters. Jordan Ellison and Kerry O’Connell are also noted for their strong work on mergers and broad antitrust issues.


‘Slaughter and May always provide cutting edge advice which is also highly practical.’

‘The team is proactive and commercial and delivers succinct, client-friendly advice. Advisers are prepared to take a position and do not sit on the fence.’

‘Anna Lyle-Smythe is a commercially astute, technically strong and practical adviser who thinks outside of the box and provides consistently commercially relevant and client-friendly advice.’

‘S&M is a top firm with an impressive client list, very smart lawyers and a committed work ethic. They also have exceptionally good gender diversity within their competition team.’

‘Very experienced team, well-connected to the commission and other influencers. Breadth of clients across wide range of sectors which gives them useful cross-fertilising insights. Can draw on other partners and skills as required, very effectively.’

‘Anna Lyle-Smythe is excellent. She has a clarity of communication and an ability to present the legal analysis in the relevant commercial context. She is realistic and sees the essence of the client challenges and is always focused on finding great solutions.’

‘Top quality team with a very high standard of client service. Commitment to getting to know the client’s business and putting forward the same individuals to build that understanding over multiple deals. Outstanding at explaining complex matters in a simple way including when working with non-lawyers. Responsive and fun to work with. Overall, a very impressive team.’

‘The individuals in this team stand out for their ability to get to grips with the underlying businesses and developed a good understanding of very technical product areas. Their advice is practical, clear and timely and their standards are always upheld. They take genuine ownership and responsibility and are low maintenance from a client perspective.’

Key clients


Analog Devices Inc

ARM Holdings


British Airways/IAG

DS Smith






Just Eat



RSA Insurance Group

Signature Aviation

S&P Global (including Platts)



Work highlights

  • Advising Google on various matters, including the EC AdSense investigation and Google’s appeal of the EC decision before the General Court, the EC investigation into its online advertising technology, among other matters.
  • Advising IAG on the EU merger control aspects of its proposed acquisition of Spanish airline Air Europa from Globalia. The proposed acquisition is currently subject to an in-depth Phase II investigation with the European Commission.
  • Advising S&P Global on the international filings for its proposed €44bn merger with IHS Markit.

Van Bael & Bellis

Van Bael & Bellis has a strong position as an independent firm within the competition space, handling complex merger control proceedings, cartel investigations, enforcement proceedings, and follow-on damages cases, combining advisory and litigation expertise. Clients include major domestic and international players in a diverse range of sectors, with the firm expanding its cross-border capabilities with the opening of its London office in late 2020. Practice co-head Andrzej Kmiecik handles merger reviews and cartel investigations, and has a particular specialism in structuring and defending pan-European distribution systems. Jean-François Bellis is a vastly experienced player within European competition law, while newly appointed practice co-head Porter Elliott is a key name for complex merger control. Andreas Reindl and Johan Van Acker are also key members of the team with emerging practices.

Practice head(s):

Andrzej Kmiecik; Porter Elliott

Other key lawyers:

Andreas Thiele; Catharine Gordley; Jean-Francois Bellis; Andreas Reindl; Johan Van Acker; Kris van Hove


‘A collaborative and responsive team, who grasp facts quickly and have excellent attention to detail. The team benefits from strong technical skills.’

‘Kris van Hove is a pleasure to deal with and brings a broad, experienced perspective to complex antitrust questions.’

‘Key expertise in Competition law issues. Well coordinated team. Very quick and thorough responses to questions.’

‘Kris van Hove: extremely well prepared. Knows authors’ rights and collective management sector very well. Very good negotiator. Special mention also to Andreas Thiele and Catharine Gordley.’

‘Top expertise on competition law and excellent understanding of client’s business needs makes a perfect match here. Pragmatic, solution oriented advice. Agreed timetables are always met.’

Key clients

Association for Competitive Technology (ACT)




Eli Lilly







International Skating Union (ISU)

Japan Airlines

Neste group


PPG group


Recylex group

Samsung SDI

Stora Enso

Take-Two Interactive


Umicore group

Utmost Group Limited

Work highlights

  • Representing Thales before the European Commission and in several jurisdictions on SEP-related matters linked to connected objects.
  • Representing Gigaset Communications LLC, a German manufacturer of mobile phones and other telecoms equipment, as an intervener in support of Google in Google’s appeal against the Commission decision concerning the Android Mobile Platform and resulting in a €4.34bn fine.
  • Advised Italian shipbuilder Fincantieri on its proposed acquisition of rival Chantiers de l’Atlantique.

White & Case LLP

White & Case LLP is heavily involved in high-profile cartel cases and litigation, working with multinational clients in tech, life sciences, and energy. The firm also advises on global merger proceedings for large-scale transactions, working with its international offices on multijurisdictional acquisitions, sales, and joint ventures. Other areas of strength include behavioural proceedings and dawn raid response matters. Practice heads James Killick and Axel Schulz specialise in complex antitrust litigation and global merger control respectively, while Mark Powell combines merger clearance expertise with involvement in contentious merger and behavioural investigations. Jérémie Jourdan regularly represents clients before the EC in investigations and damages claims, and Strati Sakellariou-Witt has won praise for her role in multijurisdictional mergers, notably in the chemicals sector.

Practice head(s):

James Killick; Axel Schulz


‘They have a varied team which can provide a very plural and complete view about certain topics, including regulation. I think they are one of the best (if not the best) litigating at the EU courts. Partners are fully engaged and use their network to share regular updates with articles and useful intelligence.’

‘White & Case has recognized expertise in energy related antitrust matters. They have assisted parties from Eastern Europe, including public sector clients, offering an excellent combination of legal and strategic advice on complex matters.

‘Mark Powell possesses strong leadership qualities and has an impressive sense of direction allowing him to think quickly and clearly in complicated environments, as well as under pressure. A seasoned practitioner, he is able to immediately grasp the legal essence of the problems, their business rationale and provide critical legal support and strategic advice.’

Irina Trichkovska is an outstanding lawyer who has shown a talent for making difficult legal issues understandable and solvable while coordinating the work internally and interacting effectively with local counsel and business leads on all organization levels.’

‘Good understanding of the legal issues under check and analyses, in -depth checks.’

‘People work with responsibility, in -depth approach and very good communication.’

‘An excellent team, with a global spread able to provide top level antitrust counselling from Washington DC to Tokyo Japan and more. Always accessible’

Key clients







Intermarché Casino Achats (INCAA)

DIC Corporation/Sun Chemical

Nordic Capital

Merck KGaA

Ioan Micula


Coca-Cola HBC

Work highlights

  • Representing Google in its appeal before the General Court against the EU’s Android Decision, in which Google received the biggest EU fine in history, €4.3bn.
  • Advised Intermarché Casino Achats on its response to dawn raids by the European Commission on INCAA and its two mother companies’ premises for an alleged infringement of Article 101 of the TFEU.
  • Advised DIC Corporation and its US subsidiary Sun Chemical on merger control aspects of its acquisition of BASF’s global pigments business.

Allen & Overy LLP

Allen & Overy LLP‘s focuses include merger control, cartel defence and other competition litigation, and behavioural investigation. Clients include a wide range of multinationals, leading Belgian companies, and financial institutions, with sector expertise in TMT, financial services, life sciences, and energy. The team is involved in high-profile cartels and behavioural cases before the European Commission, as well as follow-on damages litigation and state aid proceedings. The team is led by Dirk Arts, who primarily handles merger control and cartel cases. Jürgen Schindler focuses on contentious antitrust matters, including abuse of dominance proceedings, while Dominic Long divides his team between Brussels and London, advising on EC and CMA merger control proceedings. Of counsel Francesca Miotto advises clients across the full range of competition issues, regularly representing clients before the European Commission.

Practice head(s):

Dirk Arts

Other key lawyers:

Franes Dethmars; Eliana Paredis; Jürgen Schindler; Dominic Long; Francesca Miotto


The team at A&O Brussels is unique and extremely capable of handling complex cartel litigation matters before EU courts.’

‘Vast and profound knowledge almost across all jurisdictions.’

‘The team shines across the globe.’

‘Staffing is fantastic and you get any answer no matter how complex the issue in not much time.’

‘Franes Dethmars is the senior person we work with. She has an excellent understanding of our business, is very commercial and gives very pragmatic advice. She is both a trusted legal adviser but also quite operational in knowing how to achieve best outcomes. Frances has developed a very good team within A&O to support with Eliana Paredis, senior associate being an excellent support. Under Frances’s tutelage, Eliana has developed very well over the last number of years. She is very efficient and has an excellent legal and commercial understanding. She communicates legal points very well to non lawyers.’

Key clients

Activision Blizzard

Advent International

American Tower Corporation

Belchim Crop Protection



General Electric






Procter & Gamble

Saudi Aramco




Work highlights

  • Advising Kingspan on its acquisition of Trumo.
  • Representing Scania in one of the largest-ever European cartel cases, where a group of truck makers were found to have colluded over 14 years to fix pricing and pass on costs to customers.
  • Advised Advent International on the €4bn sale of allnex Group to PTTGC.

Arnold & Porter

A key component in its global antitrust offering, the Brussels-based team at Arnold & Porter advises blue-chip clients on multijurisdictional mergers, interactions with regulatory authorities, and state aid matters, alongside an active contentious practice handling cartel and behavioural investigations and high-level competition litigation before European courts. Of particular note are the firm’s capabilities in tech and digital economy work, advising clients on emerging regulatory questions, life sciences, and cartel damages cases, representing several major clients in follow-on damages and immunity proceedings. The team is led by former EC official Luc Gyselen, who works across the full range of competition matters. Axel Gutermuth has a strong record in EU, German, and international merger control.

Practice head(s):

Luc Gyselen

Other key lawyers:

Axel Gutermuth


A&P have made dealing with multi-jurisdictional, complicated follow-on anti-trust actions look easy. Depth of knowledge is extensive, but all matters are explained in a very user friendly manner.’

‘Axel Gutermuth was exceptional. An expert in antitrust work, but also able to balance the needs of a company and understanding how business works.’

Baker McKenzie CVBA/SCRL

Baker McKenzie CVBA/SCRL‘s expertise includes multijurisdictional merger control and foreign investment regulation matters, domestic and global cartel and behavioural investigations, competition litigation, and broad compliance advice. Clients of the firm include multinational companies, brand associations, and industry groups. The team also offers notable state aid capabilities, and is integrated with the firm’s global platform, allowing it to work seamlessly across jurisdictions. The team is led by Fiona Carlin, who has a successful record in state aid and competition cases before the European courts, consumer goods and retail specialist Kurt Haegeman, Joost Haans, and state aid leader Nina Niejahr.

Practice head(s):

Fiona Carlin; Werner Berg; Joost Haans; Nina Niejahr

Other key lawyers:

Gavin Bushell; Paul Johnson; Bram Hoorelbeke


‘Extremely experienced team, dedicated, supportive and pragmatic. Always finding solutions.’

‘Gavin Bushell is an outstanding easy-going lawyer, with a great deal of experience and an invaluable pragmatism. Paul Johnson is a very knowledgeable, reactive and smart lawyer.’

‘The team is very responsive and has never let us down in terms of answering queries about state aid rules, even on short notice.’

‘Nina Niejahr is an expert on State aid rules. We value the clear and consistent advice that we receive from Nina and from Bram Hoorelbeke, and their understanding of and  responsiveness to our business.’

Key clients

Abbott Laboratories

Accent Equity

Akzo Nobel





Archer Daniels Midland




BBA Aviation



Brookfield Capital Partners



Chr. Hansen

Cisco Systems Inc




De Heus

Dun & Bradstreet

Eastman Chemicals





Gazprom Export LLC

General Electric Company

General Motors




Hitachi Ltd




Larsen & Toubro



Lonza Group

LYC Chemical



Mirage Holdings




MTU Maintenance

Nielsen Holdings plc

Nordic Capital

Novo Nordisk



Peak Achievement Athletics


Pioneer Europe



Rio Tinto





Sweet Products

TA Associates





Warner Bros

Willis Towers Watson

Westinghouse Electric Company LLC

Zen Noh Grain Corporation


Work highlights

  • Advising Hitachi Ltd on its $11bn acquisition of the power grids business of ABB.
  • Advised Lonza on the CHF4.2bn sale of its Specialty Chemicals (LSI) business to Bain and Cinven.
  • Advised Chr. Hansen on the €800m sale of its Natural Colors Division to EQT.

Dechert LLP

Dechert LLP handles European clearances for large-scale global mergers, acting for a number of international clients based in Europe, the US, and East Asia, alongside representing major players in the tech sector in behavioural investigations and litigation before European courts. The team is led by Alec Burnside, a ‘renowned expert‘ with a strong record in behavioural investigations, alongside Clemens Graf York von Wartenburg, who has a particular focus on international merger clearances and abuse of dominance cases. Counsel Michael Okkonen is also noted for his merger control work, while Marjolein De Backer has notable expertise across the airline, energy and natural resources, and financial services sectors.

Practice head(s):

Alec Burnside; Mike Cowie; Steven Bizar

Other key lawyers:

Clemens Graf York von Wartenburg; Michael Okkonen; Marjolein De Backer


‘Good, effective and experienced team.’

‘Alec Burnside is an experienced team leader and a renowned expert in European law.’

‘Consistently reliable, practical, detailed’

‘Alec Burnside has been with us on competition issues since the formation of our company twenty years ago and has been consistently excellent’

‘Excellent skills of the team, dedication to the client, thorough knowledge of the business.’

‘Alec Burnside and Clemens York are excellent lawyers, with great availability, pragmatic solutions, excellent contacts with all in the business (from the commercial, operational executive and corporate teams). They are very close to the files which they handle and show amazing dedication to their clients.’

‘We appreciate in particular the flexibility, availability and fast-paced work that is produced by the team at Dechert LLP.’

‘We fully appreciate their availability and their way of communicating in a manner that is always pleasant, transparent, straightforward and efficient.’

Key clients

American Express Global Travel Business

Crown Holdings, Inc.

Coal Marketing Company

Columna Capital

Fair Trade Advocacy Office

Huhtamaki Oyi

J.P. Morgan


MiddleGround Capital

Nordic Capital

One Equity Partners


Sk hynix

Yelp, Inc.


Work highlights

  • Advised Crown Holding on the merger control aspects of the sale of its European Tinplate business to KPS Capital Partners, LP.
  • Advising Huhtamaki Oyi on cartel damages claims and various strategic projects.  
  • Advising GBT on its equity recapitalisation in relation to the Carlyle led consortium’s acquisition of a stake in GBT from the Certares-led consortium.

Gibson Dunn

Gibson Dunn plays a leading role in high-profile European tech investigations and litigation, acting for global names in behavioural and cartel proceedings, as well as abusive practices cases. The firm is also active in cross-border merger control, regularly handling US-based matters at a European level, as well as state aid, a notable specialism of Lena Sandberg. David Wood remains involved in high-level cartel and abuse of dominance proceedings, while practice head Christian Riis-Madsen is representing an array of blue-chip clients in the high tech sector in abusive practices cases and litigation before the European Commission. Attila Borsos combines merger control and state aid expertise. The firm recruited former European Commission competition official and tech/IT specialist Nicholas Banasevic in January 2021, as managing director of the Brussels office.

Practice head(s):

Christian Riis-Madsen

Other key lawyers:

Lena Sanberg; David Wood; Attila Borsos; Nicholas Banasevic


‘Christian Riis is a practical and incredibly knowledgeable business partner. He provides accurate, quick and relevant advice each time. Highly recommended for complex industries and transactions.’


Key clients

Expro Group






Stena Line Scandinavia

ForSea Ferries







MSC Mediterranean Shipping Company





AlzChem Group AG



Linklaters advises its international client base on merger control proceedings, antitrust investigations, and state aid cases, with strong capabilities in the energy, financial services, telecoms, healthcare, and technology sectors. The team also represents clients in litigation before domestic and European courts and regulatory authorities. The team is led by Bernd Meyring, who advises corporate clients on merger control and anti-cartel proceedings, alongside unilateral conduct and state aid matters. Annamaria Mangiaracina has broad sectoral and jurisdictional expertise, regularly handling cross-border matters. Isabel Rooms and Jonas Koponen left the firm.

Practice head(s):

Bernd Meyring

Other key lawyers:

Annamaria Mangiaracina


Bernd Meyring has incredible depth of knowledge and understanding on EU competition matters, and real gravitas when giving advice both to qualified lawyers and lay clients alike.

Bernd Meyring’s advice on highly technical matters is always crystal clear, incisive and calmly delivered.

Key clients



Johnson & Johnson

The Goldman Sachs Group Inc.

Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited

Denso Corporation






Quinn Emanuel Urquhart & Sullivan, LLP

Quinn Emanuel Urquhart & Sullivan, LLP focuses on contentious competition work, representing clients in public and private enforcement actions, including complex litigation and investigations, with specialisms in highly regulated sectors such as tech, telecoms, media, chemicals, and pharmaceuticals. The team is led by vastly experienced litigator and barrister Trevor Soames, who represents clients in an array of high-profile proceedings relating to cartels, mergers and joint ventures, abuse of dominance, and intellectual property, appearing before EU courts. Stephen Mavroghenis and Miguel Rato are also key members of the team, handling contentious and non-contentious merger control, cartel, and behavioural matters for a diverse range of clients. Counsel Marixenia Davilla advises European, US, and Asian clients, and has notable knowledge of Greek as well as EU competition law.

Practice head(s):

Trevor Soames

Other key lawyers:

Stephen Mavroghenis; Miguel Rato; Marixenia Davilla

Key clients



eBay Inc


Air Canada

Anchorage, Algebris and Ronit Capital




eBay Classified Group/Marktplaats

Ultima Genomics

Juniper Networks

Work highlights

  • Representing Slack in the European Commission’s continuing investigation of its Article 102 complaint against Microsoft.
  • Representing Qualcomm in the European Commission’s Article 102 TFEU investigation into alleged predatory pricing.
  • Representing StubHub Inc. in the UK Competition and Markets Authority Phase 2 inquiry in relation to the sale of eBay’s subsidiary, StubHub, to viagogo (PUG LLC) for $4bn.

Ashurst LLP

Ashurst LLP combines merger control work with a strong litigation offering, regularly representing major European and global entities in complex, high-profile competition cases, most notably UEFA in litigation relating to the proposed European Super League. Areas of strength for the team led by Denis Fosselard include state aid proceedings, Brexit-related issues, and behavioural investigations.

Practice head(s):

Denis Fosselard

Other key lawyers:

Denis Waelbroeck; Alexandre Vandencasteele; Donald Slater


‘Top experts and strength in depth throughout at all levels. Very open and transparent communication’

‘Denis Waelbroeck has been a star for decades. Respected everywhere by everybody.’

‘Denis Fosslard – technically excellent and pragmatic – understands the needs of the client and delivers every time’

‘Denis Fosselard is very professional and has high expertise in competition law’

‘Ashurst has a very strong competition law specialized team. They are extremely professional, always available, providing sound and efficient legal support.’

‘The main professionals I work with are Alexandre Vandencasteele and Donald Slater, who are extremely skilled in competition law related matters, with many years of experience in such field. They are always able to provide excellent legal support during day to day matters, as well as sensitive cases.’

Key clients

Althea Group

Apax partners


EU Travel Tech



Imperial Brands

Tate&Lyle Sugars

Tetra Laval / Tetra Pak


Work highlights

  • Representing UEFA in ongoing litigation before the EU Court (preliminary ruling) of Justice and Madrid Courts concerning the compatibility with EU competition law of UEFA’s authorisation rules for independently organised international football competitions, and of the European Super League project.
  • Advising the Luxembourg government on alleged state aid regarding tax rulings given to individual tax payers both before the EU Courts and in ongoing cases before the EU Commission.
  • Representing Iliad in its appeal against the decision of the Commission to clear commitments concerning the tlc tower JV between TIM and Vodafone.

Baker Botts L.L.P.

Baker Botts L.L.P. advises on a number of major international merger clearances, primarily for US-led deals, and works with its global blue-chip client base on competition investigations and regulatory issues. The firm has a well-established specialism in the energy and resources sector, and also advises a number of technology and maritime clients on sector-specific competition issues. The Brussels team is headed up by Catriona Hatton.

Practice head(s):

Catriona Hatton


Catriona Hatton is an excellent attorney who takes the time to understand our business. She is effective and gets good results.

They are all strong attorneys.

The most knowledgeable and discreet EU competition law representation you can find.

Around the clock availability.

Practical advice.

Key clients




International Air Transport Association

Olin Corporation

Liberty Media

Wallenius Wihelmsen


Indorama Ventures

World Shipping Council

SI Group

Nord Pool

Merck & Co., Inc.

Arch Coal

Akamai Technologies





RTE Réseau de Transport d’Électricité

American Industrial Partners

Colfax Corporation

Work highlights

  • Represented Wallenius Wilhelmsen and EUKOR in defence of an EU cartel investigation.
  • Advising Merck & Co on an ongoing basis regarding multi-jurisdictional antitrust issues related to various potential acquisitions, in-license and other transactions.
  • Advising the World Shipping Council on the Commission’s review of the block exemption for shipping consortia.

Bird & Bird

Bird & Bird has expanded its share of big-ticket competition work, with new mandates from major international corporates, and provides integrated regulatory and public affairs support alongside its competition offering. The team handles cross-border merger control proceedings, and is involved in major state aid and cartel litigation before the European Commission and courts. The practice is now co-led by Hein Hobbelen, who has a diverse practice and has played a key role in securing new international mandates, alongside José Rivas, who specialises in state aid and has notable expertise in the sports sector, complementing the firm’s traditional TMT focus.

Practice head(s):

José Rivas; Hein Hobbelen

Other key lawyers:

Anne Federle; Ana Manzaneque


‘Jose Rivas and Bird & Bird Competition team – top performance, outstanding competence and professionalism in all matters, both while dealing with the Commission and in litigating in front of European Court of Justice.’

‘Jose Rivas, Ana Manzaneque and the team are very knowledgeable, stand out thanks to their top expertise in competition matters, very good listening abilities and customer oriented approach. It is very easy and always a pleasure to work with them.’

‘José Rivas, very knowledgeable, always takes care of matters diligently and with attention to the purpose of the task.’

‘Very hands on. Quite effective and cost efficient approach in particular the allocation of tasks within the B&B organization.’

‘Anne Federle knows what is relevant and what not and focuses on the crucial topics. She is willing to provide her personal assessment even beyond pure legal views.’

‘Very precise and focused advisory.’

‘Anne Federle – precise and focused.’

Key clients

Air Products PLC




HanesBrands, Inc.

The European Commission


John Deere


Ralph Lauren


John Bean Technologies

Daikin Chemical Europe GmbH



Morgan Stanley Infrastructure Partners


Boehringer Ingelheim

Recipharm ab






European Thermal Paper Association (ETPA)


KYOCERA Document Solutions Deutschland


Work highlights

  • Representing a client in a major high-profile cartel investigation.
  • Advising several clients in the sports sector, including global sports federations, on matters varying from car racing regulations to entering new markets.
  • Representing easyJet in an action for annulment before the General Court of the EU of a high-profile Commission decision on state aid concerning funding granted to Sardinian airports.

Bryan Cave Leighton Paisner LLP

Bryan Cave Leighton Paisner LLP handles high-value and complex competition cases, including cross-border merger clearances and behavioural investigations. The firm acts for a number of global and multinational clients, and has strong expertise in current issues such as Covid-19 response, tech regulation, and FDI regime changes, working in collaboration with its global offices on major international matters. Practice head David Anderson advises multinational clients on competition and antitrust issues, and is also a regular adviser to the European Commission and other authorities. Senior associate Paul Culliford has a particularly strong record in merger control.

Practice head(s):

Dave Anderson

Other key lawyers:

Paul Culliford


‘Dave Anderson is a go-to guy for any competition-related questions. He is experienced and good at identifying the most important issues in a complex situation.’

‘Great people, very competent, approachable, always keen to support the customer.’

‘BCLP has a client-first approach that has helped advocate our interests with regulators, while maintaining a cordial and effective working relationship with the authorities.’

‘The members of BCLP are responsive, friendly, and have the relationships necessary to interface with EU regulators for the benefit of clients. In particular, I’ve been impressed with senior associate Paul Culliford, who was able to step in and steer our relationship and workload. He and partner Dave Anderson have provided valuable input and guidance on competition matters.’

‘Truly exceptional knowledge of the EU and UK antitrust agencies — Including in depth knowledge of all the staff and senior members approaches and personalities. This allows for very accurate assessments of regulatory risk.’

‘David Anderson is our primary point of contact and he is truly one of the most capable and knowledgeable EU practitioners. He literally is a lawyers lawyer who is often retained by the world’s best antitrust practices to assist even when they already have substantial internal expertise.’

‘Dave Anderson and his European based antitrust team have a broad practice and are very commercially minded.’

‘Dave Anderson is very practical when giving advice. There are a lot of nuances to the antitrust practice that he summarizes in a very helpful manner to give you what you need in a timely manner. Dave is an excellent communicator.’

Key clients

Sumitomo Chemical Europe

Riverstone Holdings LLC

Flybe/Ernst & Young

GSH Private Capital

Oscar Gruss

SPX Flow



Japan Tobacco International

DXC Technology

Work highlights

    Crowell & Moring

    Crowell & Moring expanded its European competition expertise with the arrival of Karel Bourgeois as co-head from Allen & Overy LLP in early 2021, an experienced practitioner across merger control, cartel, and particularly strategic state aid cases, which he has litigated up to European Commission level. Elsewhere, the team has a strong record in acting for global clients in antitrust-related intellectual property and data protection cases, alongside state aid and antitrust recovery matters, with an increased share of work for US-based clients during 2021. The practice is also led by Thomas De Meese, who advises on complex clearances for major TMT sector clients.

    Practice head(s):

    Thomas De Meese; Karel Bourgeois


    ‘Fantastic professionalism, availability and flexibility.’

    ‘Knowledge, intelligence, client oriented.’

    ‘C&M competition team is highly professional, very focused on the case and their client.’

    ‘Karel Bourgeois is an excellent lawyer and very pleasant to work with. He understands the paramount importance of the matters he advises on. He is very dedicated and frankly proven the best support when stakes are high. He is smart, inventive, calm, understands office politics and priorities and gets the job done!’

    Key clients



    Liberty Global

    AT&T / Warner Media

    Stichting Truck Cartel Recovery

    Ahold Delhaize


    Medicines for Europe


    PPTA (Protein Plasma Therapeutics Association)

    CSI Sports Media




    The Belgian Association of Gaming Operators

    IPM Group

    Work highlights

    • Advised a major online vendor on competition law issues related to certain transactions by third-party sellers.
    • Represented a leading waste-to-product company in the first state aid investigation initiated by the European Commission that challenges national environmental tax decisions.
    • Represented Telenet in many separate matters before the BIPT, BCA and the European Commission, and before the Belgian courts.

    DLA Piper

    DLA Piper advises on global merger clearances across Europe, Asia, and the Americas, with the Brussels office a hub for the firm’s global competition team. Alongside merger control, the team advises on innovative state aid and antitrust cases, and has strong expertise in the transport and logistics, life sciences, and technology sectors. The practice is led by Daniel Colgan, who focuses on complex international merger and antitrust cases, while Orestis Omran has particular expertise in Greek-domiciled work and state aid.

    Practice head(s):

    Daniel Colgan

    Other key lawyers:

    Orestis Omran


    ‘The team has a unique focus on the Greek market, an innate understanding of the state aid and competition law matters, as well as a clear understanding of the commercial realities surrounding such projects, which is simply a game changer. I can’t recommend them enough.’

    ‘I have closely worked with Orestis Omran and I strongly feel that he is the go-to expert when it comes to competition law and state aid.’

    ‘Orestis Omran has deep knowledge of competition law, impressive track record in state aid cases, incredible business acumen and strong negotiation skills, making him the best legal advisor when it comes to matters involving the overlap of competition and regulatory law as well as the communication with the EU competition authorities.’

    ‘We are particularly happy with DLA’s competition practice. We have worked with Orestis Omran’s team on a number of cases involving state aid matters and the depth of knowledge on not only EU competition is just impressive.’

    ‘Orestis Omran is our key contact for competition matters. It’s great working with such a young, dynamic and skilful lawyer that goes above and beyond to offer quality advice. He is a lawyer with great commercial awareness that adds value through his precise and thorough input. He has lots of connections at the European Commission and I have been impressed by the level of respect even high ranking officials have for him. He clearly is a rising star in the industry – one of the top EU Law practitioners in Brussels.’

    ‘We have worked with DLA Piper on projects requiring EU law advice and, in our view, what really sets the team apart is their round-the-clock availability and expertise in EU law matters. We highly recommend them.’

    ‘Orestis Omran is our key contact and we greatly value his hands-on approach and him being on top of things. He is certainly one of the top lawyers of his generation in EU and Competition law.’

    ‘Outstanding team, truly remarkable when it comes to EU competition law and proceedings before the European Commission. Always available and always able to provide concise, strategic advice on the spot.’

    Key clients

    Polhem Infra

    Regulatory Authority for Energy

    Hellenic Ministry of Environment and Energy


    Public Power Corporation S.A.

    Hellenic Corporation of Assets and Participations

    Hellenic Post (ELTA)

    Hellenic Ministry of Finance; Hellenic Ministry of Digital Governance

    Work highlights

    • Advised Polhem Infra –on merger clearance for the acquisition of the Telia Carrier business from Telia.
    • Advising RAE on the state aid procedures and substantial elements that need to be complied with as Crete connects to the mainland grid and the state aid measures are amended.
    • Advising the Hellenic Ministry of Environment and Energy on matters relating to State aid to facilitate the energy transition, the closure of lignite mines and plants as well as ensuring security of supply in this process.


    Garrigues has a specialist litigation offering, and is heavily involved in major cases before the European Commission and courts, with a particular strength in representing Big Tech clients. Alongside antitrust and damages proceedings, the firm is also known for its state aid expertise, with practice head José Luis Buendía a noted specialist in the field.

    Practice head(s):

    José Luis Buendía

    Other key lawyers:

    Alfonso Lamadrid; Angel Givaja


    ‘Garrigues stands out for its unmatched expertise in EU state aid matters, coupled with a strong track record in antitrust cases. The team combines political savvy and profound legal insights to develop effective strategies for clients.’

    ‘José Luis Buendía is one of the leading practitioners of EU state aid law, while Alfonso Lamadrid is one of the rising stars in EU competition law.’

    ‘Garrigues has emerged as clearly one of the top firms in the competition field in Brussels. The fact that they are a pure EU firm makes their case unique. They are sought for highly specialized and added-value advice on some of the most complex matters currently before the European Commission and the EU Courts.’

    Their expertise in digital markets, platform antitrust cases and State aid, in particular, are second-to-none. It is a truly exceptional team that produces work of the highest calibre. They are also very respected and influential among peers and officials from competition authorities. In terms of quality/cost, they are unmatched in the Brussels market.

    ‘Angel Givaja is a very experienced lawyer who has helped us particularly on distribution issues in the past, where he has vast experience. He is reliable, thorough and genuinely nice to work with.’

    Alfonso Lamadrid is currently at the forefront of many of the key cases and developments involving digital markets globally, and is probably the most recognizable individual of the new generation of competition lawyers. His work for us has always been insightful, practical and top-quality.’

    José Luis Buendía is a top State aid lawyer in Brussels. He has delivered very insightful analyses particularly on State aid and taxation. His litigation experience and background as former EU official give him a unique perspective on cases.’

    ‘Extremely specialized in the area of state aid . They are able to advise on any area of state aid law.’

    Key clients

    Google and Alphabet

    Banco Santander


    Computer and Communications Industry Association (CCIA)

    World Duty Free

    Cellnex Telecom

    Affordable Medicines Europe



    Swedish Shipowners’ Association

    Naviera Arms

    Cellnex Telecom



    Melia Hotels




    Telecom Castilla-La Mancha

    Work highlights

    • Representing Google and Alphabet in the appeal against the European Commission’s highest-ever fine, concerning the licensing of the Android mobile operating system.
    • Representing over 45 applicants in various appeals of European Commission fiscal State aid decisions, the impact of which has been estimated at over €15bn.
    • Representing Abengoa in the European Commission’s high-profile ongoing investigation into alleged benchmark manipulation in the European bioethanol market.

    McDermott Will & Emery Belgium LLP

    McDermott Will & Emery Belgium LLP focuses on merger control and defence proceedings, including advisory work on clearances alongside challenges and litigation before European courts. The firm is also adept in state aid cases, representing domestic and international businesses. The team is co-led by Jacques Buhart, who divides his time between Brussels and Paris and has standout capabilities in the cartel investigation space, representing clients in a diverse range of industries, and Hendrik Viaene, who joined from Stibbe in January 2021 and has a successful record in merger control and state aid proceedings.

    Practice head(s):

    Jacques Buhart; Hendrik Viaene


    ‘What makes the team unique is the combination of knowledge of Belgian and European law. Our sector is heavily EU regulated, but mostly indirectly so we really need that combination.’

    Key clients

    Cellnex Telecom, S.A

    Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (MHI)

    H.I.G. Capital

    Metsä Group

    Lockheed Martin

    NGK Insulators


    Rimes Technologies


    Esko Graphics (part of Danaher Corporation)

    Akzo Nobel


    University Hospital Gent

    Chep (Brambles Group)

    Generali Real Estate


    Belgian State

    Van Mossel Automotive Group

    Compagnie Générale des Établissements Michelin SCA


    SIGNA Sports United

    Work highlights

    • Advised SIGNA Sports United GmbH on the merger with Yucaipa Acquisition Corporation.
    • Advised Rimes Technologies as a third-party intervener on EU Commission merger control proceedings involving the acquisition of Refinitiv by the London Stock Exchange Group.
    • Representing four companies in individual State aid in-depth investigations launched by the European Commission in September 2019.

    Norton Rose Fulbright

    Norton Rose Fulbright has a strong track record in merger control, advising major international companies in sectors including chemicals and retail on European merger clearances, and also represents clients in sectoral investigations and competition litigation before European courts, including involvement in the ongoing truck cartel proceedings. The practice is led by Jay Modrall, and was bolstered by the April 2022 arrival of the vastly experienced Miranda Cole from Covington & Burling LLP, who focuses on the online sector, advising on merger control, abuse of dominance and regulatory issues. Alexandra Rogers was a new arrival in July 2022.

    Practice head(s):

    Jay Modrall

    Other key lawyers:

    Jurgen Werner; Alexandra Rogers


    ‘Jürgen Werner shows extraordinary expertise in cartel and competition law. He is very motivated and responsive, extremely friendly and client focused. He represents our interests vis-a-vis third parties and business partners in a calm and professional way while maintaining focus on the desired outcome.’

    Jay Modrall is very focused and determined and is a strong and skilled advocate for his clients. His ability to understand complex technology and markets is outstanding.

    ‘Fantastic service. Very knowledgeable.’

    ‘They understand the culture in which their client is working.’

    ‘They provide what the client needs to make an important decision accurately.’

    Key clients

    BABM I Belgian Branded Goods Association

    Sumitomo Chemical Co., Ltd

    Tokyo Ink Group

    Wyelands Capital/Liberty House

    Imperial International Holding

    Work highlights

    • Advising Tokyo Ink Group on European competition and regulatory issues.
    • Represented Sumitomo in merger control cases before the European Commission.
    • Advised BABM 1 on the investigation by the European Commission into anti-competitive behaviour in the retail sector.

    Sheppard, Mullin, Richter & Hampton LLP

    Sheppard, Mullin, Richter & Hampton LLP has several areas of expertise, including strong involvement in state aid matters, regular involvement in European antitrust litigation, and work on pan-European and global merger and regulatory issues in concert with its international platform. The team focuses on the energy and renewables, retail, and IT sectors, with notable data and intellectual property capabilities. Dedicated competition adviser Jacques Derenne leads the team alongside data protection-focused Sylvie Rousseau, with Oliver Heinisch a key name for cartel cases and litigation.

    Other key lawyers:

    Oliver Heinisch; Dimitris Vallindas; Robert Klotz


    ‘The team offers top-notch expertise and unparalleled experience on State aid matters that have been a key to help our company during the pandemic with two successful State aid decisions secured in one year. The team is a clear leader in this area and provides insightful advice with a rare proficiency in such matters.’

    ‘Jacques Derenne leads the team. His unique experience of State aid cases and deep knowledge of the law is highly appreciated and undoubtedly places him as one of Brussels’ brightest stars in this area.;

    ‘Dimitris Vallindas’s experience at DG COMP adds remarkable value to the team in addition to a valuable knowledge of the airline industry.’

    ‘Very deep and unique expertise, highly professional, proactive and engaging. A pleasure to work with.’

    ‘Jacques Derenne has deep knowledge in its field of expertise, and he knows exactly how to bring this in so that to provide the maximum of added value for the client, both in terms of advisory as in a litigious context.’

    ‘Great expertise, very nice and knowledgeable.’

    Key clients

    Air France-KLM & Air France

    EPH Group


    EDF group

    ÖBB AG

    Hitachi Zosen Inova AG

    Casio Electronics Co. Ltd

    Eurelec Trading


    Tempus Energy

    Viorel Micula

    C.F. Martin & Company

    Ullens de Schooten

    Thermo Fisher


    Perrigo Holdings NV

    Impedimed Ltd

    Jack Daniel’s Properties, Inc.

    Work highlights

    • Advised Air France-KLM on securing approval for up to €4bn to recapitalise Air France through its holding company, Air France-KLM
    • Advising EPH and LEAG on pending state aid notification and clearance procedure of German coal exit compensation of €1.75bn for phasing out coal-fired power plants and opencast coal mines operations already by 2038.
    • Representing EDF Renewables in state aid proceedings before before the General Court of the European Union.

    Squire Patton Boggs

    Squire Patton Boggs is heavily involved in major cartel investigations, representing clients active in a variety of industries before the European Court of Justice in criminal proceedings and appealing damages awards. The team also advises on cross-border merger control matters in collaboration with its other European offices. The team is led by Brian Hartnett, who has a highly successful record in litigation before the European Commission and courts.

    Practice head(s):

    Brian Hartnett

    Other key lawyers:

    Oliver Geiss


    ‘Spend a lot of time getting to know their clients well, understanding their needs and forming good relationships.’

    ‘Extremely detailed knowledge of the legal position and took time to understand our commercial objectives. Highly responsive in a very short time frame.’

    ‘Friendly, calm and self assured. Quite understated in a good way. Really took the time to understand our objectives and then set about delivering high quality advice.’

    ‘All of the people I have dealt with are approachable and very competent. Never had to chase up a request for advice. Clear detailed advice every time.’

    ‘Our main contact is Brian Hartnett, specialized in competition law and antitrust matters. Brian is very knowledgeable and has a wealth of experience. He is very approachable and a proactive thinker, which shows in his advice and analysis.’

    The Belgian practice is a strong practice in particular on EU competition with a highly knowledgeable and efficient approach.

    Brian Hartnett and Oliver Geiss are both outstanding individuals in the competition field.

    Key clients

    Adolf Roth Gmbh & Co. Kg

    Agc Inc.


    Ashland, Inc.

    Autostrada Wielkopolska

    Bridgestone Corporation

    Calon Energy Limited

    Honeywell International

    Kuraray Co., Ltd

    Latam Airlines Group

    Leeds City Council

    Lubrizol Corp.

    Perceptron, Inc.

    Quanta Storage Inc.

    Sk Global Chemical Co., Ltd

    Styrenics Circular Solutions Inpa

    Transport For Greater Manchester


    Work highlights

    • Representing LATAM, Chile’s national airline, before the European General Court in an appeal against the European Commission’s finding of a global cartel in the airfreight sector.
    • Advising Quanta on an ongoing cartel appeal.
    • Representing AWSA in its appeal before the European Court of Justice of a European Commission state aid decision ordering recovery of more than €210m.

    Wilson Sonsini Goodrich & Rosati

    Known for its expertise in the technology sector, Wilson Sonsini Goodrich & Rosati handles large-scale global merger proceedings, including high-profile transactions, alongside bespoke antitrust strategy advice to a wide range of international tech and biotech clients. The team is led by Gorka Navea, who provides additional expertise in cartel and abuse of dominance proceedings.

    Practice head(s):

    Gorka Navea

    Key clients



    Work highlights

    • Advised Plaid on securing Phase 1 approval for its acquisition by Visa.


    Part of an integrated pan-European practice, the team at BonelliErede advises on merger control and competition law compliance issues, as well as representing international clients in antitrust litigation and state aid proceedings before the European Commission and courts. The practice is led by Massimo Merola.

    Practice head(s):

    Massimo Merola

    Key clients


    Tirrenia – Compagnia Italiana di Navigazione



    Pharma Mar SA


    Single Resolution Board (SRB)

    Crédit Agricole Italia S.p.A.

    Atlantia S.p.A.


    Work highlights

    • Representing PharmaMar in administrative proceedings before the European Medicines Agency and in the subsequent judicial phase before the Court of Justice concerning the refusal to grant a marketing authorisation for the human medicinal product “Aplidin – plitidepsin”.
    • Advising Macquire on the new provincial law concerning the re-tendering of hydropower concessions and, in particular, with reference to compliance with EU law.
    • Advising Atlantia and Telepass S.p.A. on merger control filings to the European Commission concerning the acquisition of joint control by Partners Group over Telepass, previously solely controlled by Atlantia.

    Bredin Prat

    Bredin Prat advises on merger control proceedings for major pan-European transactions, including pre-merger notifications, investigations, and clearance proceedings. The team, which is led by Pierre Honoré, also handles a range of antitrust matters, including abuse of dominance and cartel investigations, and state aid issues, working in close collaboration with its Paris office.

    Practice head(s):

    Pierre Honoré

    Key clients

    Schneider Electric



    Air Liquide

    Parker Hannifin

    Reckitt Benckiser





    Work highlights

    • Advising Lactalis on the proposed acquisition of the Leerdammer business from Bel.
    • Advising Schneider Electric on the acquisition of OSIsoft.
    • Advising Schneider Electric on the acquisition of a 25% stake in Planon Beheer.


    Led by James Venit, Dentons handles cross-border merger control proceedings, behavioural and abuse of dominance investigations, and represents clients in antitrust and cartel defence proceedings. The practice offers considerable multi-jurisdictional expertise, with standout practitioner Yves Botteman dual-qualified in the US and regularly handling cross-border matters.

    Practice head(s):

    James Venit

    Other key lawyers:

    Yves Botteman


    ‘Yves Botteman shows a curiosity for industry matters and provides hands-on pragmatic advice fit for the specific situations he is to deal with. He is available and maintains a personal relationship to his clients which is very appreciable.’

    ‘Very granular and personalized approach. Ability to reflect and adapt to specific circumstances to provide tailor advice rather than “off the shelf” solutions. Problem solver. Very knowledgeable and pragmatic.’

    ‘Yves Botteman’s very deep knowledge of antitrust allows him to provide very precise advice, yet very tailored to specific needs. Great availability to discuss and think questions through to make sure to deliver spot on recommendations.’

    ‘Accessibility and industry knowledge.’

    ‘Yves Bottemann is a very clever lawyer, accessible and smart.’

    ‘Yves Botteman is our relationship manager. He is very knowledgeable and approachable. He also makes an extra effort to provide continuous contact and ensure that all of our legal needs are met.’

    Key clients


    Corning Incorporated, USA

    Cosmetics Europe

    EBA Clearing


    News Media Europe





    The European Shippers Council (ESC)

    Work highlights

    • Advising Gazprom on a wide range of competition and antitrust law engagements.
    • Advised Corning incorporated on the anti-dumping investigation of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) on import of single mode optical fiber from the USA and Japan.

    Gide Loyrette Nouel A.A.R.P.I

    Gide Loyrette Nouel A.A.R.P.I advises its international client base on the full range of competition issues, encompassing cross-border merger control, state aid issues, cartel cases, and sectoral and behavioural investigations. The team includes a variety of sectoral and jurisdictional expertise, and is headed up by Laurent Godfroid, Stéphane Hautbourg, Benoît Le Bret, Olivier Prost, Ségolène Pelsy and Anna Claudia Coelho Dias.


    ‘Very versatile across different practice areas, especially where these overlap. Deep experience in the field of mergers and state aid, but also regulation like financial or transport. That helps them see the broader context and bring new approaches to the table.’

    ‘Benoit Le Bret – very well connected, multi-disciplinarian. Stephane Hauptbourg – pre-eminent state aid lawyer.’

    ‘Gide Loyrette Nouel are not only top level experts in trade legal matters but they learn about your own industry to be able to offer you the best-tailored maid advice.’

    ‘Excellent technical knowledge but also excellent market and sectoral knowledge. A first class team.’

    ‘Benoit Le Bret is exceptional. Benoit knows the answer sometimes before you even knew you had a question.’

    Ségolène Pelsy: Her work has been flawless, she has delivered what was needed consistently on time. I commend her knowledge, technical skills and case management skills, as well as her global strategic vision and interpersonal skills.

    Key clients

    PKN Orlen

    Air-France KLM


    SNCF / Thalys

    Agence des Participations de l’État (APE) / EDF


    Orange Poland

    Orange SA

    United Group


    Veolia Environnement

    French State / APE

    Naval Group

    BGC (betting and gambling council) former RGA (remote gambling association)

    Twenga S.A.


    BGC (Betting and Gaming Council)

    EGBA (European Gambling Association)





    Work highlights

    • Advised Orlen on its merger with Lotos.
    • Advising United Group on all competition issues across Europe.
    • Advised Air France-KLM on the urgent liquidity support mechanism dedicated to Air France finalised with the French state and banking institutions.

    Gleiss Lutz

    Gleiss Lutz advises on European and international merger clearances, state aid, and also has an active litigation practice handling private damages and fines proceedings. Clients include major automotive and manufacturing clients with pan-European operations. The Brussels team is led by Ulrich Soltész.

    Practice head(s):

    Ulrich Soltész


    ‘Gleiss Lutz has a very competent, very client-orientated team and in-depth knowledge of all relevant competition law matters.’

    ‘The team composition has remained stable over years and is perfectly adapted to our needs.’

    ‘The contact persons are clearly defined and the firm has a clear division of competences.’

    ‘There is flexibility and short-term availability, if necessary.’

    ‘The advice is provided in very clear and understandable terms. The lawyers have a very professional attitude and there is always a very friendly atmosphere.’

    ‘Dr. Ulrich Soltész has a good instinct for future trends.’

    Key clients

    Brose Group / Volkswagen

    Canon Inc

    Cologne/Bonn Airport

    Daimler AG

    Deutsche Telekom AG

    Nord Stream AG

    State of North Rhine Westphalia

    Südzucker AG

    Wieland-Werke AG

    Work highlights

    • Represented Canon in the General Court in an appeal against a fine imposed by the European Commission.
    • Represented Deutsche Telekom in an appeal against the European Commission’s decision to approve Vodafone’s acquisition of German cable operator Unitymedia.
    • Represented Daimler in a complaint before the European Commission and in related CJEU proceedings concerning Nokia’s licensing practices for standard-essential patents.

    Hengeler Mueller

    Hengeler Mueller forms part of an international network alongside its Germany-based offices and allied firms, advising on European and Belgian elements of complex cross-border mergers and state aid investigations. The team handles Phase II merger investigations, and also represents clients in cartel proceedings, including cartel damages litigation, and other competition disputes. Key names in the Brussels office include Hans-Jörg Niemeyer, Markus Röhrig, and Jan D Bonhage.

    Other key lawyers:

    Lukas Ritzenhoff


    Again and again the team impresses us with the extraordinary professionalism and unique experience in the relevant EU case law.

    Jan Bonhage: excellent strategist.

    ‘Involved in high profile transactions, lots of expertise, efficient teams (small number of team members, but with very high impact).’

    ‘Great talent pipeline: Special mention should be made of senior associate Lukas Ritzenhoff, who managed our transaction in 7 jurisdictions practically, completely independently and with extreme mastery.’

    ‘Each of  the partners/associates explain to us about how to deal with issues politely and in a timely manner.’

    Key clients

    Danfoss A/S

    Siltronic AG

    Deutsche Lufthansa AG

    NCC Nippon Chemi-Con Corporation

    Marelli Corporation

    Andros et Cie

    TraceTronic GmbH

    Landwärme GmbH

    DEHOGA Deutscher Hotel- und Gaststättenverband

    MAN SE


    Új Világ Nonprofit Szolgáltató Kft.

    Hapag-Lloyd AG

    Mitsui Ltd.

    Nippon Steel Trading Corporation

    Carl Zeiss SMT

    Work highlights

    • Advised Danfoss A/S on the Phase II EU merger control proceedings regarding the acquisition of Eaton’s hydraulics business.
    • Represented NCC Nippon Chemi-Con in its application for the annulment of the Electrolytic Capacitors decision of the EU Commission.
    • Represented Deutsche Lufthansa AG in EU state aid proceedings in connection with the €6bn recapitalisation measure by the German Economy Stabilisation Fund.

    K&L Gates GP

    The team at K&L Gates GP plays a key role in Belgian and European clearances for major cross-border deals, representing international clients before the BCA and European courts in merger investigation proceedings in collaboration with its global offices. The practice also specialises in vertical enforcement and e-commerce issues. The practice is led by Philip Torbøl, Mélanie Bruneau and Francesco Carloni.


    ‘The team is able to provide excellent, pragmatic support on delicate matters under often very tight timelines.’

    ‘Francesco Carloni is always a pleasure to work with. He is not only an excellent lawyer but also very business-oriented and pragmatic with a focus on getting things done.’

    ‘The lawyers involved in this practice are very well skilled and proactive, and oriented to take care of the client’s legal needs anticipating and proposing to the client all possible solutions provided by the applicable law.’

    ‘I work with Francesco Carloni and his team. I’m very happy with the result obtained and the quality of the advice provided to my company.’

    ‘K&L Gates renders its services in a very professional and polite way. The people are very skilled, polite and support their client competently.’

    ‘They are very, very, very accurate, professional and make the clients feel well supported. They explain their advice in a clear and professional way.’

    ‘In my opinion, K&L Gates possess a very experienced team with regards to State aid issues. Also notable are their capabilities and understanding in railway regulation which is probably a unique combination with state aid experience. I am not aware any other office able to deal so fast yet with such a good understanding and experience in these matters. They are also very flexible and able to understand what big companies need also on the formal side of the cooperation.’

    Key clients

    II-VI Incorporated


    Camera Nazionale della Moda Italiana

    Fédération de la Haute Couture et de la Mode



    Sealed Air Corporation

    Mitsui Chemicals

    World Fuel Services

    Multi Service Tolls




    OTB and its brands (Diesel, Maison Margiela, Marni, Staff International)

    Audemars Piguet



    Work highlights

    • Representing Exact Sciences before the European Commission and the U.S. FTC in connection with Illumina’s $8bn acquisition of Grail.
    • Representing Hexagon in its $2.75m acquisition of Infor EAM from Koch Industries before the Brazilian Competition Authority (CADE), the Austrian Competition Authority, the German Federal Cartel Office and the U.S. Federal Trade Commission.
    • Representing Camera Nazionale della Moda Italiana and Fédération de la Haute Couture et de la Mode before the European Commission in a review of the Vertical Block Exemption Regulation VBER and Vertical Guidelines.

    Reed Smith

    Reed Smith has developed a broad competition offering, handling multi-jurisdictional merger control, cartel investigations, state aid, and broad competition compliance matters. The team is integrated with its US and European offices, allowing it to work across cross-border matters, and has notable focuses on the energy and natural resources, entertainment and media, and financial services sectors, among others. Isabella Rahman heads up the practice, advising on merger control and antitrust issues, with Geert Goeteyn and Christian Filippitsch also key contributors, working across transactions, abuse of dominance investigations, and state aid matters.

    Practice head(s):

    Isabelle Rahman

    Other key lawyers:

    Christian Flippitsch; Geert Goetyn


    Isabelle Rahman: top-notch advice with a first class client service and approach.

    We know that we can always count on them, even for ad hoc advice.

    Geert Goetyn is business minded and gets to the heart of the matter within short timeframes. Provides excellent advice that is not just theoretical, but also possible to implement in a commercial environment.


    WilmerHale advises on European elements of major cross-border merger clearances, working with its US and Frankfurt offices on behalf of blue-chip clients, and also has an offering in litigation and regulatory work. Areas of expertise for the practice include appellate work before European courts, unilateral conduct issues, and regulatory disputes relating to EU jurisdiction. The team is led by the experienced trio of John Ratliff, Christian Duvernoy and Frédéric Louis.


    ‘We have had excellent partner led advice on a substantial competition investigation. We have found that the firm’s experience and guidance has been exceptional. The team have put in long hours on this matter, have given very clear and commercially minded advice and have made practical suggestions. They have worked closely with their US team in this international matter.’

    ‘Frederic Louis is the lead partner. He has made a complex and very difficult matter easier to work through with his clear, logical, commercially minded and practical advice. Fred’s experience in competition matters and his guidance on working with the Belgium Competition Authority has proved invaluable.’

    ‘This practice is an absolute delight to work with. The insights and experience that the team can offer is extremely valuable, and their efficiency and thoughtful approach really builds trust and makes our lives, as clients, so much easier.’

    ‘We have really valued the depth of their responses to our questions, and their guidance has gone above and beyond what we would expect from another practice.’

    ‘The team stays abreast with the client needs and is cognizant of the wider picture of the client’s challenges. They are ready to provide options to solve problems that are balanced.’

    ‘Hands-on, very knowledgeable about the subject matter, creative, solutions-oriented, see the big picture.’

    Key clients


    Baker Hughes Inc

    Schaeffler AG