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Energy, natural resources and environment in Puerto Rico

McConnell Valdés LLC

McConnell Valdés LLC's standalone energy department is entirely dedicated to environmental, energy and land use law. Led by Carlos Fernández-Lugo and vice chair Jorge García-Díaz, the team stands out for advising Fortune 500 companies in the health and pharmaceuticals sector, non-profit and government entities as well as banks and energy developers. Fernández-Lugo's activity in greenfield and brownfield development, land use issues and compliance goes hand in hand with his focus on the environmental implications of business transactions, energy facility permits and energy contract negotiations. García-Díaz is highly regarded as an expert in environmental law in connection with real estate, finance and M&A. He often advises clients in the petrol, solid waste collection, transportation, and hazardous waste generation sectors.

Practice head(s):

Carlos Fernández-Lugo

Key clients

Bristol Myers Squibb

Janssen Ortho

Pattern Energy Group

McNeil Healthcare

Schnitzer Steel Industries


Sunnova Energy Corporation

Santander Bank

Solar & Energy Storage Association of Puerto Rico

Enel X

Work highlights

  • Providing legal advice to a Fortune 500 medical device manufacturer in connection with a fuel spill, including notification requirements and interactions with government agencies.
  • Representing a Fortune 500 pharmaceutical company in connection with the negotiation of a combined heat and power system which would supply a significant portion of the electrical and thermal needs of its manufacturing facility.
  • Representing Solar Energy & Storage Association of Puerto Rico on various legal and regulatory issues, including regulatory proceedings before the Puerto Rico Energy Bureau, energy policy, interconnection issues, and others.

Toro Colón Mullet, P.S.C.

Toro Colón Mullet, P.S.C. has a well-established environmental, energy and land use team, known for its expertise in environmental risks, liabilities, regulation and permits. All attorneys are also experienced litigators and represent clients in the fields of real estate development, agriculture, banking, manufacturing and life sciences. Rafael Mullet-Sánchez, who is the firm's president, is a key name in the planning, land use, water franchises and biomedical waste areas. Carlos Colón-Franceschi is known for his activity in clean air, hazardous waste and clean water matters. Rafael Rivera-Yankovich focuses his practice on construction and industrial permits, brownfield and green energy projects and is also noted for his niche expertise in the area of used oil.

DLA Piper Puerto Rico

DLA Piper Puerto Rico is highlighted for is 'exceptional performance', and can regularly be found assisting key players in the energy market. In 2021, the team particularly stood out for advising new client LUMA Energy in connection to its 15-year grid concession for the transmission and distribution of Puerto Rico's energy. The project is led by practice head Miriam Figueroa, with the assistance of Laura Rozas. Figueroa is recognised for her experience in infrastructure projects, public finance, public-private partnerships and administrative law, as well as negotiations regarding infrastructure, power purchase agreements and private operations contracts. Rozas, who focuses on federal environmental law and Puerto Rico energy and land use law, was promoted to of counsel in April 2021.

Practice head(s):

Miriam Figueroa


‘The professionals of this firm are always willing to collaborate and listen to the team of technical consultants and are facilitators of creative and innovative solutions.’

‘DLA Piper in Puerto Rico provides exceptional performance and collaboration with the consultants. They are always ready to listen and harmonise the technical requirements with the wishes and expectations of the client.’

Key clients

Puerto Rico Aqueduct and Sewer Authority

Biomass Green Fuels


Work highlights

  • Assisted the Puerto Rico Aqueduct and Sewer Authority with the review and risk assessment related to environmental matters.
  • Advising Biomass Green Fuels on all environmental matters required for the establishment of the business and operations.
  • Representing and advising SMITCOMS in connection with all environmental permitting required for a project involving submarine cable repair and installation.

O'Neill & Borges

O'Neill & Borges has teams dedicated to energy, environmental law and zoning and land use. In the energy space, the firm's portfolio includes solar, wind and alternative energy matters, with technology, petroleum and distribution companies also turning to the team for assistance. Among the environmental law matters addressed are due diligence, internal compliance audits, penalties and civil environmental disputes. Zoning and site approvals, permits and related litigation complete the offering. Antonio Collazo-Bennazar and Jerry Lucas Marrero are the key names to note.

Pietrantoni Méndez & Alvarez LLP

The corporate team at Pietrantoni Méndez & Alvarez LLP is sought by clients for advice on matters in connection to energy, land use and environmental law. Alternative and renewable energy projects are a focus for the firm, which also has knowledge of the oil and gas sector. Edwin Cruz and Karina Camacho-Ojeda are known for assisting power producers with compliance and permits.

Ferraiuoli LLC

Ferraiuoli LLC has an environmental law, energy and land use team which is well recognised in the market. It is especially known for assisting clients operating in the real estate, waste management and pharmaceuticals sectors, as well as for its engagement in matters relating to hydroelectric power plants. Eugene Scott Amy heads up the group and focuses on real estate development and permits. Senior associate Eidalia González-Tosado is also noted.

Goldman Antonetti & Córdova

Goldman Antonetti & Córdova's group is active in environmental law matters, with an emphasis on environmental permitting, including the registration, negotiation and preparation of permits and judicial reviews, liability assessments and negotiations. The team also covers energy law, with a focus on renewable energy projects. Alicia Lamboy-Mombille and Gretchen Méndez-Vilella are noted.