Banking and finance in Egypt

Al Kamel Law Firm

Al Kamel Law Firm provides comprehensive banking and finance advice to major financial institutions, real estate developers, and capital market players, amongst others. Close ties to large international law firms allow the department to seamlessly handle complex cross-border matters while the firm’s longstanding history of involvement in major finance transactions makes it a go-to advisor for many high-profile clients. Managing partner and founder Mohamed Kamel and partner Rasheed Kamel jointly lead the practice. Shahira Khaled is also recommended for her expertise in project finance.

Practice head(s):

Mohamed Kamel; Rasheed Kamel

Other key lawyers:

Shahira Khaled

Key clients

Export-Import Bank of the United States

UK Export Finance

US International Development Corporation (DFC)

Lactalis – Halawa Group

Bayerische Landesbank

DEG – Deutsche Investitions- und Entwicklungsgesellschaft

Österreichische Entwicklungsbank AG

Nordea Bank ABP

Palm Hills Development

Arab African International Bank

Al Tamimi & Company

Al Tamimi & Company’s services run the whole gamut of banking & finance matters, starting from banking regulation and supervision to Islamic finance, sovereign bonds issuance, and asset finance. Clients from industries such as construction, real estate, as well as gas and oil rely on the team’s national and international expertise. Practice head Ehab Taha regularly advises on project finance, while Senior Associate Zeinab Shohdy  is experienced in financing transactions in a variety of sectors, including energy and railways.

Practice head(s):

Ehab Taha

Other key lawyers:

Zeinab Shohdy

Key clients

First Abu Dhabi Bank Fab (UAE)

Cairo 3A for Poultry

Telecom Egypt

Standard Chartered Bank UAE

The Egyptian American Enterprise Fund

The Ministry of Finance

Dana Gas PJSC/ Dana Gas Egypt Ltd.

Goldman Sachs

Arab African International Bank

ResposnAibility Investment EG

Bonyan for Development and Trade S.A.E

Integrated Diagnostics Holdings (IDH)

Work highlights

  • Acting as a local counsel and advising the Arabic Republic of Egypt represented by the Ministry of Finance, on Egyptian law matters relating to the first sovereign green bonds issuance in the MENA region.
  • Advising Bonyan for Development and Trade S.A.E on all legal aspects of the IslamicMusharakah Tripartite Agreement, Financial Lease Agreement with Banque Misr and BM Lease securing an Islamicfinance of up to EGP 700 Million.
  • Acting as a local counsel and advising the Arabic Republic of Egypt represented by the Ministry of Financne, on Egyptian law matters relating to the first sovereign green bonds issuance in the MENA region.

Helmy, Hamza & Partners (member firm of Baker & McKenzie International)

Project and acquisition finance, bank lending, financial products, securitisations, and financial services regulatory form part of the matter portfolio that Helmy, Hamza & Partners (member firm of Baker & McKenzie International) advise on. Cross-border transactions are handled with the same expertise as domestic deals and the firm continues to be involved in landmark transactions such as the first sukuk issuance in Egypt in 2020. Mohamed Ghannam leads the banking & projects department with regular involvement in high-value securitisations, project finance as well as the energy and oil and gas sectors. Besides her knowledge of the banking and finance sector co-head Lamyaa Gadelhak is also well-versed in emissions trading.

Practice head(s):

Mohamed Ghannam; Lamyaa Gadelhak

Other key lawyers:

Moataz El Sherbini


‘HH&P continue to build on their strength, excellent team with long experience and practical approach enabled by their experience in completed deals.’

‘Experienced team, excellent caliber and personality, team work.’

‘Very good insights in local law and custom, and pragmatic.’

‘Moataz El Sherbini. He stands out as a very capable and pragmatic person to work with. I give Moataz by best recommendations.’

Work highlights

  • Advised Ministry of Finance, on the signing of a USD 2 billion syndicated financing transaction. “Commodity Murabahah/Tawarruq Deal of the Year” and “Egypt Deal of the Year” in the Islamic Finance News (IFN) Deals of the Year Awards 2020. The deal was also awarded “Debt Market Deal of the Year” at the Asian Legal Business (ALB) Middle East Law Awards 2021.
  • Assisted Banque Misr and Arab African International Bank (AAIB) as lenders on a real estate financing to Al Alamia for Real Estate Investment, a fully owned subsidiary of Hassan Allam Properties. The two banks signed the loan documentation of EGP 4.16 billion on 29 June 2021 specifically for the development of Swan Lake Residences project which is one of Al Alamia integrated residential projects in New Cairo.
  • Advised Rawasy, a new real estate joint venture established by the National Bank of Egypt (NBE) and Banque Misr, in connection with an acquisition finance to that was divided into two tranches. The first part of the loan was from Banque Misr, Al Ahly Bank and Banque Du Caire to finance the purchase of assets from Talaat Moustafa Group’s (TMG) related to the Craft Zone Project in Madinaty Compound. Such assets are handed back to TMG for operation and investment under an Operation and Investment Agreement.

Matouk Bassiouny & Hennawy

‘The team understands what the client wants and appreciates the commercial drivers to transactions’, remarks a client about the banking & finance team at Matouk Bassiouny & Hennawy, which supports banks with regulatory matters and advises lenders or borrowers on numerous types of transactions. Practice head Mahmoud Bassiouny ‘provides excellent strategic guidance and empowers his very able team to take ownership of client instructions’. Ashraf Hendi is particularly experienced in syndicated and bilateral facilities, project finance, and equity finance transactions. Also recommended for her involvement in high-profile transactions is senior associate Nadia Abdallah.

Practice head(s):

Mahmoud Bassiouny

Other key lawyers:

Ashraf Hendi; Nadia Abdallah


‘The team understands what the client wants and appreciates the commercial drivers to transactions. They each work both as a trusted advisor and team player in delivering results.’

‘Mahmoud Bassiouny sets exactly the right tone from the top. He provides excellent strategic guidance and empowers his very able team to take ownership of client instructions.

‘Nadia Abdallah provides tireless support to her clients and her ability to provide clear, concise advice is outstanding.’


Key clients

Sonker Bunkering Company

Arab African International Bank

Mashreq Bank PSC

DP World

National Bank of Egypt

Banque du Caire

Banque Misr

Al Dau Al Haram for Hotel Operations

TCI Sanmar Chemicals S.A.E.

Export Development Canada

Vantage Capital

Citibank Europe plc

Work highlights

  • Acted as local counsel to DP World Sokhna in connection with a financing of up to USD 300,000,000 for the purpose of refinancing existing facilities and funding capital expenditure in relation to the design, development, construction, supervision, operation, management, maintenance, insurance and repair of the container terminal and bulk cargo terminal project located at Basin 2 in the Ain Al Sokhna Port.
  • Represented Al Dau Al Haram for Hotels Operations SAE in connection with the financing of an amount of USD 12,000,000 extended by EBRD (the only tourism sector financing by an international financial institution during the peak of COVID in Egypt).
  • Represented TCI Sanmar in connection with the restructuring of its senior and mezzanine debt.

MHR & Partners in association with White & Case LLP

MHR & Partners in association with White & Case LLP advises domestic companies on overseas investments and multinational corporates in their endeavours on the Egyptian market. Financial institutions, government-related enterprises, and government bodies are also part of the firm’s client roster. The department handles matters under English, Egytpian and US law and can leverage a global network for complex cross-border matters. Philip Stopford, Ziad Gadalla, Tarek Mohanna and Sherief Rashed jointly lead the practice and are involved in project finance and Islamic finance, amongst others.

Practice head(s):

Philip Stopford; Ziad Gadalla; Tarek Mohanna; Sherief Rashed


‘W&C has a group of extremely knowledgeable and professional calibers. we work with them on various very complicated deals, including syndications and other equity projects.’

‘Sherief Rashed and his team, they delivered everything we requested from them. they are extremely professional. they worked on very complicated transactions and very tight timelines and never let us down. they provide us with reasonable fees compared to the scope of work.’

Key clients

National Authority for Tunnels (NAT)

Carbon Holdings

Abu Dhabi Islamic Bank

ADES International Holding Ltd.

CI Capital

NI Capital

EFG Hermes

Tahrir Petrochemicals Company

Egypt Hydrocarbon Corporation (EHC)

Sixth of October for Real Estate and Development (Sodic)

Egyptian Ethylene and Derivatives Company (Ethydco)


Commercial International Bank

Banque Misr

European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)

African Export Import Bank (Afreximbank)

Arab Petroleum Investments Cooperation

Egypt Propylene and Polypropylene

Work highlights

  • Represented the National Authority for Tunnels (NAT), an entity affiliated to the Ministry of Transportation of Egypt, on the €1.886 billion financing for the development of the Cairo Monorail project in Egypt.
  • Advising on all aspects of the proposed US$multi-billion Tahrir petrochemical complex in Egypt.
  • Advised Bank of Baroda, London Branch as global facility agent and other lenders in connection with the restructuring of their existing indebtedness of the chemical plant of TCI Sanmar Chemicals S.A.E.

Shalakany Law Office

The banking and finance practice at Shalakany Law Office encompasses cross-border transactions, project finance particularly in the area of wind energy, as well as trade finance. The firm acts for clients such as Hikma in a wide range of matters including loan facilities and is often instructed as local counsel by international law firms. ’Excellent lead partner’ Aly El Shalakany and Mariam Fahmy lead the team which one client describes as an ‘exceptional group of talented lawyers.’

Practice head(s):

Aly El Shalakany; Mariam Fahmy


‘Exceptional group of talented lawyers’

‘Aly Shalakany is an excellent lead partner and Mariam Fahmy is an up and coming junior partner delivering very responsive service.’

Key clients

Hikma Group

Macquaire Bank Limited

Work highlights

  • Instructed by Hikma RCF and Hikma Group to assist the borrower’s group with the amendment of a facility.
  • Instructed by Macquarie Bank Limited to assist the lenders in relation to a secured asset backed loan facility of up to USD 10000000 to Capital Drilling, which was later increased to USD 26950000 to finance specific mining assets.

Zaki Hashem & Partners, Attorneys at Law

Zaki Hashem & Partners, Attorneys at Law’s expertise in banking and finance is recognised by a host of leading banks, private companies and financial institutions. Notable recent mandates include the firm’s involvement in the issuance of the first green bond in the MENA region, herein advising the Joint Lead Managers. Led by of counsel Ragia Omran and partner Helal El Hossary , the team covers the whole gamut of banking and finance related matters, including securitization, IPOs, Islamic finance as well as drafting, negotiating and concluding loan agreements. Omran heads all Banking & Finance matters, while El Hossary oversees capital and debt capital markets and securitizations. Other key names include Soha El Ezaby and Senior Associates Peter Maurice  and Mohamed Saeed .


‘Professional and Reliable Experience which smoothly assist and facilitate taking right decisions – Availability around the clock – Always on time in delivering their reviews and feedback – Experience gained out of many cases the office used to get engaged with.’

‘Professional attitude – The teams make their client feel that they are all after his case – They are reachable with kind professional responses.’

‘ZH&P has a highly experienced and diverse team that has been able to support on various areas and transactions including corporate finance, fundraising, regulatory approvals and M&A. They are the most competent law firm we dealt with within the financial services sector. They have adopted a highly flexible remote model that has allowed them to continue operating seamlessly during the pandemic.’

‘Dina Kamel is the most professional legal advisor we dealt with. She is highly detail oriented yet is able to think strategically. She involves legal subject matter experts swiftly as needed and is able to support us with regulators, clients and partners. She is highly flexible to our needs and adjusts accordingly.’

‘They have experienced and knowledgable lawyers in the various fields of our business. Technological savvy. Give honest advice. Honorable lawyers who work well as a team.’

‘They are always available. Direct informative opinion with reasons. Honest advice.’

‘ZH&P team is always updated. They work as business partners. They are solution providers in light of different applicable laws and regulations.’

‘They are always cooperative. They respond in a timely manner. They have the knowledge to suggest different applicable solutions.’

Key clients

Abu Dhabi Islamic Bank – Egypt (ADIB)

AIG Egypt Insurance Company

Arab African International Bank

Arab Bank

Attijariwafa Bank Egypt

Banque Misr

Beltone Group of Companies


British Embassy

Byblos Bank

Caixa Bank, S.A

CI Capital Investment Banking

Citigroup Global Markets Limited

Commercial International Bank Egypt (CIB Egypt)

Commercial International Investment Company (CIIC)


Deutsche Bank

Dunia Finance L.L.C.


EFG Hermes

Egypt Factors SAE

Egypt Foods SAE

Egyptian Gulf Bank SAE


European University in Egypt (EUE)

Global Telecom Holding

Hand Seng Bank Limited (HASE)

International Finance Corporation (IFC)

Madinet Nasr for Housing and Development

Mashreq Bank

Middle East Turnaround Investment (Haykala)

MM Holding for Paper and Packaging

Modern Nile Cotton

Morgan Stanley

National Bank of Egypt

National Investment Bank


Qatar Islamic Bank (QIB)

Qatar National Bank (QNB)

Raya Contact Centre (RCC)

Société de Promotion et de Participation pour la Coopération Economique

SP Legal Consultants

The Industrial Fund for Developing Countries (IFU)

Vitas Egypt for Microfinance

Wadi Group

Work highlights

  • Advising the Joint Lead Managers in the USD 750 Million issuance of Green Bonds by the Arab Republic of Egypt (Citigroup Global Markets Limited; Credit Agricole Corporate and Investment Banking; Deutsche Bank AG, London Branch; HSBC Bank plc).
  • Advising CORPLEASE in its 10th Securitization Bond Issuance amounting to EGP 2,718,329 Billion.
  • Advising Speed Medical SAE on the Share Swap Transaction between Speed Medical SAE and Prime Speed Medical Services SAE.

Zulficar & Partners Law Firm

Zulficar & Partners Law Firm provides legal services for corporate and governmental clients in all banking and finance related matters such as syndication loan agreements, transactions, Islamic finance, and securitisations. The team is headed by founding partner Ashraf Ihab whose work includes debt rescheduling agreements and related security documents as well as the issuance of bonds and Sukuk. Mona Zulficar ’s expertise encompasses project finance and complex transactions, while Dania El Samad handles matters for governmental and corporate entities, lenders, borrowers, and multinational clients.

Practice head(s):

Ashraf Ihab

Other key lawyers:

Mona Zulficar; Dania El Samad

Key clients

Al Ahli Bank of Kuwait – Egypt

Arab African International Bank

Arab Banking Corporation

African Export-Import Bank

Audi Bank

Banque Misr

Beltone Financial

Blue Bay Management Company

Cairo Investment for Real Estate Development

Canal Sugar Company

Central Bank of Egypt

Citi Bank

Commercial International Bank

Credit Agricole Egypt

Drive Finance

EFG Hermes

Egyptian Mud Engineering & Chemicals Co.


Ghabbour Auto

GB Lease

GB Capital

National Bank of Egypt

National Bank of Kuwait

National Bank of Oman

National Automotive Company

Sky Finance

Suez Canal Bank

The United Bank

The Bank of New York Mellon

The Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ

The World Bank Group

Work highlights

  • Advising Commercial International – Egypt S.A.E. on the issuance of the first green bonds for the private sector in Egypt with a value of USD 100 million, with a tenor of five years at a fixed interest rate, and the proceed of the subscription shall be used to finance a portfolio of green loans granted by CIB.
  • Advising on a banking alliance led by the National Bank of Egypt in its capacity as the financing agent and with the participation of the industrial Development Bank and the Egyptian Arab Land Bank, which succeeded in providing a long-term syndicated facility agreement of up to 962 million Egyptian pounds for the benefit of the Scientific Research, Education and Development Company to establish branches of European universities in the New Administrative Capital in Egypt.
  • Advised Cairo Investment for Real Estate Development on the issuance of the first Shariah Ijara Sukuk in the Egyptian education sector with a total value of EGP 600 million.

ADSERO-Ragy Soliman & Partners

ADSERO-Ragy Soliman & Partners  joins the rankings this year having launched their Banking, Finance, and projects practice in 2020 led by partner Hossam Gramon . Since then, the department has experienced rapid growth and counts high-profile financial institutions and corporations amongst its clients. Debt capital market matters, conventional and Islamic lending as well as project finance are strengths of the group. Gramon has particular expertise pertaining to matters including sovereign and private bonds, sukuk issuances, banking regulation, and equity capital markets.

Practice head(s):

Hossam Gramon


‘The support from Adsero and its partners was outstanding during a very important negotiation we had on a project for our company. They have been always available even on extremely short notice, and provided always outstanding solutions with what I would say very pragmatic, and innovative approach. It is a firm which is prepared to face the challenges in the future.’

‘Hossam Gramon: Business oriented, innovative and available. I believe these are the key aspects we are looking for, specially in the MEA region, where there are so many new business opportunities coming up with financing.’

‘The team is noted for its quick turnaround and in-depth knowledge.’

‘Hossam Gramon has a very deep knowledge and is also highly capable of addressing complex issues and providing innovative solutions.’

Dentons Egypt LLC

Dentons Egypt LLC supports lenders and borrowers in questions surrounding loan facilities, refinancing, and trade finance. The firm counts multinational corporations, leading banks and finance institutions as well as governmental entities amongst its clients and has a history of advising in landmark projects. Michael Lacey is the key partner of the practice, while consultant Frederique Leger is also heavily involved in matters of banking and asset finance, project finance, and debt restructuring transactions. Senior associate Ahmed Kamal has extensive expertise in private, government and corporate investment.

Practice head(s):

Michael Lacey; Frederique Leger; Ahmed Kamal

Shahid Law Firm

Shahid Law Firm’s banking and finance practice has an excellent reputation for handling bank guarantees, syndicated loans as well as insolvencies and is praised by a client for its ‘good relationship with regulatory bodies’. Strengths of the practice further relate to project finance in energy and infrastructure, bond offerings, and IPOs. The team is also experienced acting for borrowers and lenders in matters pertaining to aircraft financing, where partner and co-head Tarek Badawy is particularly active. He leads the practice together with managing partner Girgis Abd El-Shahid  whose expertise spans equity finance, financial structuring, and facility loans.

Practice head(s):

Girgis Abd El-Shahid; Tarek Badawy

Other key lawyers:

Hoda El Beheiry


‘This practice is particularly skilled in the banking & finance practice, and they also have a good relationship with regulatory bodies (such as Ministries and authorities) so they have a deep knowledge not only of the legal aspects but also of the technical requirements, everything related with “paperwork” and operational issues, etc.’

‘We work mainly with partner Tarek Badawy and with associate Hoda El Beheiry. I would highlight their coordination (i.e. no need to repeat the same thing to different professionals, etc).’

Key clients



Scatec Solar

OiLibya (now OLA petroleum)

Heliopolis Housing and Development Company

China Development Bank

AlDahra Agricultural Company

Louis Dreyfus Company (LDC)



Broseta Abogados

BAE Systems

International Air Transport Association (IATA)

ASL International

ABC Bank (Arab Banking Corporation)

Air Leisure


King & Wood Mallesons


El Nasr Automotive Manufacturing Company SAE (NASCO)

Banco Santander S.A.

Banco de Sabadell, S.A .

Caixabank , S.A.

Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria, S.A.

Work highlights

  • Representing UK Export Finance and several creditors in aircraft and engine financing transactions in Egypt, as par t of EgyptAir’s plan to renew its aircraft arsenal; as well as the mortgaging of engines in what to the best of our knowledge is the first transaction of this type in Egypt.
  • Advised the China Development Bank with respect to the financing of the largest project with Egypt’s Suez Special Economic Zone, a zone created specifically to encourage investment under a special law.
  • Advising FMO (the Dutch development bank) on the first three-year Egyptian pound (EGP) loan facility for the equivalent of USD 700,000, entered into with the First Microfinance Company Egypt (FMFC), which will be used to extend loans to female and young entrepreneurs.

Sharkawy & Sarhan Law Firm

‘The responsiveness of the team and the provision of clear legal advice on complex issues makes the finance team at Sharkawy & Sarhan Law Firm stand out’, remarks a client about the firm’s banking and finance practice. The department’s specialisations include high-value financings and bank-to-bank lending and it is often instructed by international development financial institutions, export credit agencies, and international commercial and investment banks. Lead partner Ahmed Haggag who ‘has a very deep knowledge of local law and regulations and applies these well in the context of international financings’ is highly regarded by clients due to his expertise in project finance and the oil and gas sector.

Practice head(s):

Ahmed Haggag


‘The responsiveness of the team and the provision of clear legal advice on complex issues makes the finance team at S&S stand out.’

‘Ahmed Haggag is a key partner and contact and is supported by a great team.’

‘Adaptability, great understanding and experience the local specificities, proactive advise.’

‘Broad team with knowledgeable staff across all levels from partners to associates. Good responsiveness and willing to go the extra mile to get transactions completed. We like using them as local counsel as they do go out of their way to understand the transaction holistically rather than just the part that they are involved in.’

‘Ahmed Haggag has a very deep knowledge of local law and regulations and applies these well in the context of international financings. We find that he is very approachable and always deals with work with good humour.’

Key clients

The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development “EBRD”

Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank” AIIB”

The International Finance Corporation “IFC”

European Investment Bank “EIB”


Majid Al Futtaim Properties S.A.E

Mauritius Commercial Bank

Africa Development Bank (AFDB)


Work highlights

  • Acted for CDC Group PLC in relation to its USD 100 million Tier 2 Capital to CIB Egypt at this critical time as economies all over the world are impacted by the Covid19 crisis. The deal is particularly challenging due to the newness of the tier 2 capital regime.
  • Acted for the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), as lender’s local counsel, in relation to the USD 12 million loan for the development of a new hotel in West Cairo, serving the Grand Egyptian Museum and Great Giza Pyramids.
  • Acted for The International Finance Corporation in a transaction consisting of a green bonds issuance by the Commercial International Bank (the largest privately owned bank in Egypt).

ALC Alieldean Weshahi & Partners

ALC Alieldean Weshahi & Partners joins the rankings this year with a banking & finance practice that is strong in the areas of debt capital markets, real estate and project finance, and securitisation bonds. Bahaa Alieldean leads the team with specialisations in banking transactions and capital markets and has advised a host of national and multinational banks and corporations. Associates Elham Mabrouk and Mahmoud Al-Araby are both recommended for their experience in banking and finance matters, particularly relating to securitisations.

Practice head(s):

Bahaa Alieldean

Other key lawyers:

Elham Mabrouk; Mahmoud Al-Araby

Key clients

Contact Group

Palm Hills Developments

Misr Capital

Al-Tawfeek Securitization Company S.A.E.

Sarwa Capital

AT Lease

New Urban Communities Authority (NUCA)


Amer Group

Sarwa Securitization

Work highlights

  • Acted as the legal advisor for Contact Financial Holding for the sharia compliant Mudarba Sukuk issuance worth EGP 2.5 billion which carries seven-year tenor. The issuance shall be used to finance the expansion of Contact Credit and its subsidiaries. The security received a credit rating A- by Middle East Rating and Investors.
  • Advised Palm Hills Developments for the securitization of Palm Hills by the Egyptian Company for Securitization for Real Estate with a release valued EGP 1.246 billion.

Riad, Saleh & Partners

The full-service independent firm Riad, Saleh & Partners acts for a host of clients in the banking and finance sector, including international banks and financial institutions as well as domestic and multinational companies from sectors such as investment, energy, real estate, and capital markets. The practice led by Mohamed Kamel Saleh and Hesham Riad is also active in the areas of Islamic finance, corporate lending and loan markets. Saleh’s specialisations pertain to oil and gas, energy, and capital markets while Riad is regularly instructed in matters of commercial transactions, financial arrangements, and governmental affairs.

Practice head(s):

Mohamed Kamel Saleh; Hesham Riad

Key clients

AXA OneHealth

Schindler Group

Trapped Egypt

Air Liquide Group

Chubb Life Insurance

Integrated Diagnostics Holdings (IDH)

Golden West Seeds

Grundfos Egypt

Tokio Marine Insurance

Ahram Security Group

Al Borg Laboratories

Echo Scan Nigeria


Echo Lab Nigeria

Work highlights

  • Advised an Egyptian Steel company in its 50 million USD syndicated loan from several banks in Egypt.
  • Advised Vena Medical Company, a company which is incorporated in London, on their corporate structure, and Investment in Egypt.

Rizkana & Partners

Multinational banks, financial institutions and domestic and international corporations instruct Rizkana & Partners on syndicated and bilateral facilities and loans, project finance, settlements of debts, and debt restructures. Complex transactions and project finance matters also form part of the firm’s portfolio in addition to expertise within the area of aviation finance. The key contacts are Hazim Rizkana and Sherif El Hosseny, with the latter regularly representing aircraft and engine leasing companies, financial institutions, export credit agencies, and airlines.

Practice head(s):

Hazim Rizkana; Sherif El Hosseny