Mining in Canada

Cassels Brock & Blackwell LLP

Mining is a mainstay at Cassels Brock & Blackwell LLP and the firm fields one of the deepest and broadest practices in Canada. From platforms in Toronto, Vancouver and Calgary, the national team acts for an array of major gold producers, investment banks and junior mining companies, which it supports on a range of corporate, finance and project development matters. Jointly led by Vancouver-based securities specialists Jen Hansen and Jennifer Traub, the group also benefits from the senior expertise of firm executive chair Mark Bennett, who is widely revered as an industry leader. Bennett recently advised Lundin Mining on its C$625m acquisition of Josemaria Resources. Jay Goldman, Paul Stein and Vancouver-based Gordon Chambers are also highly regarded senior mining specialists. Younger partner Jamie Litchen is additionally noted for her representation of Kirkland Lake on its $10.6bn merger with Agnico Eagle Mining. Named practitioners are based in Toronto unless otherwise stated.

Practice head(s):

Jen Hansen; Jennifer Traub

Key clients

Wheaton Precious Metals Corp.

Lithium Americas Corp.

Kirkland Lake Gold Ltd.

Dundee Precious Metals Inc.

Artemis Gold Inc.

Lundin Mining Corporation

Orla Mining Ltd.

Yamana Gold Inc.

Filo Mining Corp.

SilverCrest Metals Inc.

Work highlights

  • Acted for Kirkland Lake Gold on its $10.6bn merger with Agnico Eagle Mines to create a senior gold producer with an implied market capitalization of $22.4bn.
  • Advised Lundin Mining on its C$625m acquisition of Josemaria Resources.
  • Acted for Yamana Gold on its $500m issuance of senior unsecured notes.


‘One of the top mining teams‘, Fasken remains a destination practice for the full life-cycle of industry matters; from exploration and permitting, through to project development, financing and M&A. The group draws on several well-staffed platforms nationally (including Toronto, Vancouver, Montreal and Calgary), while it also brings to bear on-the-ground teams in Johannesburg and London, which makes it a popular choice for cross-border transactions. Toronto-based corporate finance and M&A partner John Turner spearheads the global group and ranks among the market’s leading mining specialists. Andrew Gabrielson coordinates the group from Vancouver and maintains a broad practice with an emphasis on commercial agreements, project development and public financings. Other senior names in Toronto include corporate and finance partner Brian Graves and Michael Bourassa, who handles commercial work, projects and contentious matters. In Montreal, Frank Mariage has a focus on securities, corporate law and mining law. Capable up-and-coming partners Johanna Fipke (Vancouver) and Krisztián Tóth (Toronto) are also noted.

Practice head(s):

Andrew Gabrielson; John Turner


‘One of the top mining teams, which helps immensely due to its sector knowledge.’

‘Highly experienced in the mining sector with a strong and diverse team that is able to support large, complex transactions. A more practical approach to advising on legal matters than we find with some other firms.’

‘Johanna Fipke dedicated time during a hectic period to think through complex issues and I was able to leave the non-commercial negotiations with her.’

‘Georald Ingborg is a very creative thinker who maintains strong relationships with securities regulators which gives him a unique ability to create and test new ideas.’

Samuel Li has strong attention to detail.’

Key clients

Vatukoula Gold Mines Pte. Ltd.

De Beers Canada Inc.

Steppe Gold Ltd.

First Quantum Minerals Ltd.

IAMGOLD Corporation

Hudbay Minerals Inc.

Leagold Mining Corporation

Orion Mine Finance

Sibanye Gold Ltd.

Teck Resources Limited

Work highlights

  • Advised Hudbay Minerals on refinancing its $450m senior revolving credit facilities.
  • Represented Eldorado Gold Corporation on its $500m offering of senior notes.
  • Acted for Anglo Pacific Group on the acquisition of a 70% net interest in a stream on cobalt production from the Voisey’s Bay mine in Canada from private equity sellers.

Bennett Jones LLP

Bennett Jones LLP‘s mining practice routinely represents Canadian and international mining companies, investment banks and investors on mining work. Primarily active on the corporate finance and M&A fronts, the team also houses significant capability in exploration and development agreements, mine permitting and environmental compliance. Group head Sander Grieve covers the waterfront on mining matters, with an emphasis on public market finance and M&A. Other recommended names are Abbas Ali Khan, who also has a strong transactional focus, corporate co-head Linda Misetich Dann and corporate, commercial and securities lawyer James Clare. The team was recently boosted by the arrivals of mining-focused corporate finance and M&A partner Marshall Eidinger (January 2022) and cross-border mining specialist Steven Bennett (June 2022), both joined from Stikeman Elliott LLP. All named practitioners are based in Toronto.

Practice head(s):

Sander Grieve

Work highlights

  • Advised Noront Resources on its C$617m acquisition by Wyloo Metals.
  • Represented SPAC, Osisko Green Acquisition on its C$250m IPO.
  • Advised i-80 Gold on its transaction with Nevada Gold Mines to acquire the Lone Tree and Buffalo Mountain gold deposits and certain processing infrastructure, including an autoclave.

Blake, Cassels & Graydon LLP

Full-service powerhouse Blake, Cassels & Graydon LLP is equipped to advise its extensive client roster of junior, intermediate and major mining companies and financial institutions on all core areas of mining law. The firm additionally brings to bear experience in niche areas such as streaming transactions, and mining disclosure and securities law regimes. Toronto-based corporate finance and M&A partner John Wilkin oversees a department that also includes high-profile Vancouver-based mining specialist, Bob Wooder. Wooder recently advised Great Bear Resources on its C$1.8bn acquisition by Kinross Gold. Vancouver managing partner Peter O’Callaghan is recommended for his experience in mining-related corporate and finance transactions.

Practice head(s):

John Wilkin

Key clients

Barrick Gold Inc.


Capstone Mining Corp.

Ero Copper Corp.

Great Bear Resources Ltd.

JDS Gold Inc.

Josemaria Resources Inc.

MAG Silver Corp.

Pretium Resources Inc.

Triple Flag Precious Metals Corp.

Work highlights

  • Advised Pretium Resources on its C$3.5bn acquisition by Newcrest Mining.
  • Advised Great Bear Resources on its C$1.8bn acquisition by Kinross Gold Corporation.
  • Advised BHP in connection with its strategic investment and subsequent take-over bid for Noront Resources.

Davies Ward Phillips & Vineberg LLP

The Toronto-based mining team at Davies Ward Phillips & Vineberg LLPnever forgets the commercial reality and goal'. Enjoying close relationships with junior, mid-tier and major Canadian and global producers, the group also represents investors (particularly private equity players), financial institutions and speciality lenders on headline-grabbing mining matters. Among its highlights, ‘stand-out partner' Melanie Shishler advised marquee client Barrick Gold on its agreement with the governments of Pakistan and Balochistan to reconstitute the Reko Diq Project. Richard Fridman co-heads the practice alongside Shishler and specializes in transactional work, including M&A, streaming deals and joint ventures. Aaron Atkinson and associate Andrew Mihalik are also active in mining transactions.

Other key lawyers:

Aaron Atkinson; Andrew Mihalik


‘It starts at the top. Melanie Shishler, as the senior partner within mining and resources, actively runs the team and adds talented senior lawyers to the team when needed. That said, she never “delegates” responsibilities. She is the captain – and an exceptional captain she is.’

‘Calm, professional and commercial. Never forgets the commercial reality and goal.’

Melanie is a stand-out partner for mining. I have used legal services for 30 years within this space, and can’t think of any better than her. Big words – but well earned!’

Key clients

Barrick Gold Corporation

Agnico Eagle Mines Limited

The Pallinghurst Group

New Gold



The Blackstone Group

Lundin Mining Corporation

Vale Canada Limited

Hudbay Minerals Inc.

Copper Mountain Mining

Turquoise Hill Resources Ltd.

Royal Bafokeng Platinum

MAG Silver Corp.

Waterton Global Resource Management

Nemaska Lithium

Cornerstone Capital Resources Inc.

Premium Nickel Resources Corporation

Titan Mining Corporation

Baffinland Iron Mines Corporation

Work highlights

  • Advising Barrick Gold Corporation on its agreement in principle with the governments of Pakistan and Balochistan to reconstitute the Reko Diq Project in the country’s Balochistan province.
  • Advising Agnico Eagle Mines on its merger of equals with Kirkland Lake Gold to create a $22.4bn combined company.
  • Advising Roxgold on its C$1.1bn business combination with Fortuna Silver Mines.

Lawson Lundell LLP

Lawson Lundell LLP remains synonymous with mining work, and the firm is well-versed across the full range of early-stage exploration and development issues through to corporate and finance transactions. The group routinely represents major regional and national players from its offices in Western and Northern Canada, also counting UK, US and Australia-based companies among its key clients. Khaled Abdel-Barr co-heads the Vancouver-based team and his expertise spans project-related matters, commercial agreements, and mine acquisitions and disposals. Practice co-head Karen MacMillan is also highly recommended for her focus on commercial law issues. Stuart Breen specializes in corporate finance transactions.

Other key lawyers:

Stuart Breen; Michael Li

McCarthy Tétrault

A strong performer in the M&A and cross-border spheres, McCarthy Tétrault leverages its extensive national platform, together with its New York and London offices, to pack a punch in large-scale corporate transactions. In a highlight example of its multi-jurisdictional prowess, Shea Small, who splits his time between Toronto and London, advised Australia-headquartered Wyloo Metals on its C$617m acquisition of all the shares of Noront Resources that it did not already possess. In Vancouver, Roger Taplin is a sought-after name for his experience in mining financing and M&A, including streaming transactions. Rounding out the key partners is Toronto-based M&A and corporate finance specialist Eva Bellissimo; she co-heads the global mining practice alongside Small and Taplin.

Key clients

Korea Resources


Wyloo Metals

Anglo American

Taseko Mines

Appian Capital Advisory

Altius Renewable Royalties Corp.

Evolution Mining

Great Panther Mining

Endeavour Mining


Mubadala Investment Company

Newcrest Mining

Rio Tinto

Royal Gold

SSR Mining

Skeena Resources


Vox Royalty Corp

Wheaton Precious Metals

Work highlights

  • Advised Nomad Royalty on its arrangement agreement with Sandstorm Gold pursuant to which Sandstorm will acquire all of the issued and outstanding shares of Nomad in an all-share transaction valued at approximately C$755m.
  • Advised Rio Tinto on its proposed C$2.7bn all-cash insider acquisition of Turquoise Hill Resources, which operates the Oyu Tolgoi copper and gold mine in Mongolia.
  • Advised Newcrest Mining on its proposed C$3.5bn acquisition of Pretium Resources.

Stikeman Elliott LLP

Few independent Canadian firms can match Stikeman Elliott LLP‘s formidable cross-border practice, which leans on offices in London, New York and Sydney to provide on-the-ground advice to global mining players. Best known for its transactional capability, the mining group excels in sophisticated M&A, streaming deals and public and private securities offerings. In Toronto, Amanda Linett brings to bear skill sets in M&A, capital markets and private equity and spearheads a team that includes industry specialist, Jay Kellerman. A popular choice for cross-border deals, London- and Toronto-based Kellerman recently advised AngloGold Ashanti on its C$370m acquisition of Corvus Gold. Streaming and royalty finance specialist Daphne MacKenzie is also noted.

Practice head(s):

Amanda Linett


‘A top firm in structuring complex deals,’ Torys is distinguished by its focus on M&A, corporate finance and streaming transactions. From its Toronto platform, the group acts for a mix of domestic and international mining companies, financial institutions and specialty lenders and also supports the wider firm’s enviable roster of private equity and pension fund clients on industry investment matters. Among its highlights, Michael Amm paired up with the corporate and securities team to advise Zijin Mining Group on its C$960m acquisition of Neo Lithium Corp. Department head Michael Pickersgill is highlighted together with impressive senior associate Braden Jebson for their understanding of ‘the sector, the precedents and the nuances of complex structuring.’

Practice head(s):

Michael Pickersgill


‘A top firm in structuring complex deals.’

‘Michael Pickersgill and Braden Jebson are always available and understand the sector, the precedents and the nuances of complex structuring.’

‘A really strong firm, with strong lawyers throughout different practice areas. Culture is very client-service focused.’

Michael Amm is an excellent lawyer with very good commercial skills.

‘Michael Pickersgill is a very talented and a trusted advisor to our company. He leads the engagement team.’

Key clients

Zijin Mining Group Co., Ltd.

Triple Flag Precious Metals Corp.

Orion Mine Finance

Nevada Copper Corp.

Arctic Canadian Diamond Company Ltd.

Alamos Gold Inc.

Dowa Mining and Metals Co., Ltd.

BMO Capital Markets

Mitsubishi Materials Corporation

Fairfax Financial Holdings Limited

Nomad Royalty Company Ltd.

Americas Gold and Silver Corporation

Sprott Resource Streaming and Royalty Corp.


BHP Western Mining Resources International Pty Ltd

Work highlights

  • Advised Zijin Mining Group on its C$960m acquisition of Neo Lithium Corp.
  • Advised riple Flag Precious Metals Corp on its $250m IPO of common shares.
  • Represented Orion Mine Finance on a C$150m multi-faceted financing package to SVRE Holdings.

Borden Ladner Gervais LLP

Borden Ladner Gervais LLP‘s national mining group handles a mix of transactional, regulatory and contentious work, with recent strong showings in M&A and securities matters. Mainly active on behalf of mining companies, including juniors and majors, the team also frequently represents investment dealers and financial institutions as well as industry service providers. Vancouver’s Fred Pletcher chairs the practice and is noted for his experience across all spheres of mining law. Corporate finance partners Graeme Martindale and Andrew Powers also maintain active mining practices from Vancouver and Toronto respectively. 

Practice head(s):

Fred Pletcher

Other key lawyers:

Graeme Martindale; Andrew Powers

Key clients

Pan American Silver Corp.

Ressources Quebec Inc.

Almadex Minerals Limited (to be renamed Azucar Minerals Ltd.) and 1154229 B.C. Ltd. (to be renamed Almadex Minerals Ltd.)

Nevsun Resources Ltd. (The Special Committee of)

Morgan Stanley and M. Klein & Co.

Kinross Gold Corp.

Epiroc Drilling Tools AB

National Bank Financial

Sandstorm Gold Ltd.

Kelt Exploration Ltd.

Cormark Securities Inc.

TD Securities Inc.

IDM Mining

Great Bear Resources

BMO Capital Markets

PI Financials

IR Battery Resources and Processing Inc.

Kenorland Minerals Ltd.

FMC Lithium

Bank of Nova Scotia

Kasuk Exploration

Cameco Corporation

Work highlights

  • Acted for Cameco Corporation on its joint acquisition, together with Orano Canada, of a C$187m participating interest in the Cigar Lake Joint Venture from Idemitsu Canada Resources.
  • Represented Pan American Silver Corporation in a dispute with Southern Peaks Mining LP arising under a share purchase agreement.
  • Advised the underwriters (National Bank and BMO Capital Markets) to Artemis Gold on a C$171m bought deal offering.


Dentons continues to invest in its Canadian mining practice, recently adding Chris Wolfenberg from Fasken and Jennifer Poirier from Cassels Brock & Blackwell LLP; the pair join in Calgary and Vancouver respectively. The team’s emphasis on M&A, capital markets and finance work is supplemented by significant activity in commercial and operational mining matters. Edmonton-based Leanne Krawchuk handles a mix of commercial, M&A and construction law and co-heads the team alongside Vancouver-based mining and forestry specialist Robin Longe. High-profile mining expert Brian Abraham KC is also recommended in Vancouver.

Practice head(s):

Leanne Krawchuk; Robin Longe

Key clients

Cerrado Gold Inc.

Ely Gold Royalties Inc.

BlackRock Metals Inc.

Aya Gold & Silver Inc.

Cormark Securities Inc.

Alamos Gold

EV Nickel Inc.

Work highlights

  • Advising Cerrado Gold on a $20m secured note and stream agreement with Sprott Resource Streaming and Royalty Corp to finance its Monte do Carmo gold project in the State of Tocantins, Brazil.
  • Acting for Ely Gold Royalties on its C$300m acquisition by Gold Royalty Corp.
  • Representing BlackRock Metals (BRM) in connection with its CCAA Proceedings.

Osler, Hoskin & Harcourt LLP

In line with its premier corporate reputation, Osler, Hoskin & Harcourt LLP‘s mining practice has an emphasis on advising mining companies, from junior to major, and other industry participants on M&A, capital markets and investment matters. Corporate partners James Brown and Alan Hutchison co-head the team from Toronto and Vancouver respectively. The team also has recent experience in project development, with Toronto-based commercial specialist Richard Wong noted for projects-related issues.

Practice head(s):

James Brown; Alan Hutchison

Other key lawyers:

Richard Wong; Patrick Sullivan

Gowling WLG

In a significant coup, Gowling WLG boosted its mining team with the April 2022 hire of Erik Goldsilver from Borden Ladner Gervais LLP; he arrives with significant experience across the full life cycle of mining projects. Capital markets partner Ian Mitchell heads a practice that also includes Ontario- and Venezuela-qualified France Tenaille, who naturally has an emphasis on Latin America-related work. All named partners are based in Toronto.

Practice head(s):

Ian Mitchell


‘Good breadth of coverage and depth in our service market (corporate commercial, resources focus).’

‘Erik Goldsilver is our longstanding counsel, with very deep expertise in mining M&A and contracts.’

Key clients

Mineros S.A.

Silver X Mining Corp.

Aurania Resources Ltd.

Alto Verde Copper Inc.

Largo Inc.

Salazar Resources Limited

Rokmaster Resources Corp.

Amerigo Resources Ltd.

Gold Springs Resource Corp.

Platinum Group Metals Ltd.

West Vault Mining Inc.

Bald Eagle Gold Corp.

Aura Minerals

Kivalliq Inuit Association

Canaccord Genuity Corp.

Mawson Gold Ltd.

Capella Minerals Ltd.

Rugby Mining Limited

Work highlights

  • Acted for Mineros on its Canadian IPO and concurrent Colombian public offering, and listing on the TSX.
  • Advised Sandstorm Gold on the acquisition of nine royalties and one stream from BaseCore Metals for $525m.
  • Acted for Aura Minerals with respect to its acquisition of Big River Gold and related joint venture with Dundee Resources.

Norton Rose Fulbright

Norton Rose Fulbright‘s mining practice benefits from its ability to plug into the wider firm’s thriving global energy, infrastructure and resources group. In Canada, the group’s mining work is handled by a mix of M&A, corporate finance and infrastructure lawyers, including project finance partner Alison Babbitt and infrastructure-focused Geoffrey Gilbert, both are in Ottawa. Quebec’s Jean-Philippe Buteau is noted for corporate, M&A and securities-related matters.