The Legal 500

Turkey

Editorial

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Legal market overview

Turkey experienced a decline in transactional activity but has continued to attract interest from foreign investors. The energy sector’s ongoing privatisation and expansion has attracted significant attention as the Turkish government seeks to solve the country’s energy deficit. The technology and telecoms, construction and real estate sectors are also increasingly active.

In the legal market, foreign-domestic tie ups remain in vogue in order to work around Turkey’s attorneyship law which prohibits foreign law firms from practising Turkish law. Foreign law firms with offices in the country advise on international law and use co-operation agreements with Turkish law firms to provide clients with local legal representation. Among some of the well-established international firms teaming with local counterparts, White & Case Müsavirlik Limited Sirketi has close working relationships with both Akol Avukatlik Bürosu and Çakmak Avukatlik Bürosu. The alliance between YükselKarkinKüçük Attorney Partnership and DLA Piper Danismanlik Hizmetleri Avukatlik Ortakligi has drawn much attention, and has shored up the former’s already strong position across a number of practice areas. Independent firms such as Pekin & Pekin, Birsel Law Office, Paksoy and Hergüner Bilgen Özeke are highly respected and have impressive client followings. Notably, Bezen & Partners opened its new Ankara office in 2013 to add to its existing location in Istanbul.

A number of other firms are also notable on a sector-specific basis: BTS & Partners, for example, is a clear leader in IT and telecoms matters. Akinci Law Office is notable for arbitration, as is ELIG, Attorneys-at-Law for competition law, and Mehmet Gün & Partners for intellectual property law.

Press releases

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Legal Developments in Turkey

Legal Developments and updates from the leading lawyers in each jurisdiction. To contribute, send an email request to
  • Taxation, Import, Export and Transfers under Turkish Petroleum Law

    The Turkish Petroleum Law, a touchstone for goals of attracting foreign investors to Turkish petroleum industry entered into force on 11 June 2013 and has been introduced as a revolution in oil and gas industry as it was leveling the playing field for foreign investors and removing the privileged rights of the state company. 
  • SLOT Applications in EU and Turkey

    In consideration of the duties and responsibilities of each two above mentioned authorities, the SLOTs regulations have been mentioned on laws and directives drafted by the DGCA until 17 June 2010. After 17 June 2010, the legal authority for SLOT application was transferred to GDSAA by the Ministry of Transport (restructured and named as Ministry of Transport, Maritime Affairs and Communication as of 01 November 2011).However, in current situation, the legal responsibility for SLOT applications is at the DGCA but the legal power is still exercised by GDSAA.
  • Work Permits under Wet Lease Agreements for Oil Exploration Operations: Secondment is a Solution for

    As part of exploration operations of multinational companies, wet lease agreements are gaining more importance especially in oil and gas industry and foreign carriers who takes part in such operations are still not clear about either their employees require work permit or not, in cases where they entered into a subcontractor and wet lease agreement with Turkish air carriers for air transport works to be conducted under exploration operations. The questions mostly concentrate on classification in status of flying and non flying personnel and the flying field since the operations are offshore. In this article you will find out more specific about what Turkish law requires and how to interpret the law under those two spotlights.
  • SLOT Applications At Turkish Civil Aviation

    Principally, the Turkish civil aviation legislation is prepared by two authorities in Turkey: Directorate General of Civil ("DGCA") and the General Directorate of State Airports Authority ("GDSAA"). DGCA regulates and ensures the development of the civil aviation activities therefore GDSAA performs the management of Turkish airports and controls the Turkish airspace as a state owned enterprise since 1984
  • Collateral Assignments in Respect of Credit Agreements: Belt or Suspender for Foreign Companies in T

    Turkey has been one of the fastest growing economies during the course of the last decade. Its strong and resilient economy has transformed Turkey in to one of the most important economic hubs in its region. The banking sector has a crucial role to play in this story of success. 
  • Portable Electronic Devices are Allowed at Turkish Airline Companies

  • Work Permits for Foreign Shareholders and Managers in Turkey

    Since last 10 years the financial developments and the promising financial and technological progresses notably in energy, tourism and infrastructure sectors have attracted the foreign investors' interest. Since the number of foreign investments has been increasing within these developments, the question, if a company may have foreign shareholders and foreign board members has come to the fore. This was actually the result of the frequent change in laws as part of adaptation progress to E.U legislation. 
  • INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS IN DEFENSE INDUSTRY: BEYOND THE INTANGIBILITY IN TURKEY

    The intellectual property rights (IP) are conceptually is linked to both intellectual and industrial rights in Turkish legislation. Intellectual property rights are almost related to the intellectual and artistic works, linked rights (neighboring rights), computer programs and databases and protected with royalty, while industrial rights contain patents, utility models, trademarks, industrial designs, topographies of integrated circuits (chips), geographical indications, plant varieties, other names and signs, trade secrets (know-how, undisclosed information) and they are protected with industrial and exclusive rights.
  • An Overview of FIDIC Rules

    FIDIC, (Federation Internationale Des Ingenieurs Conseils), International Federation of Consulting Engineers aims to find a resolution in construction sector. There are five different FIDIC contracts in different colors that regulates different and separate obligations and rights. Today FIDIC is applied to 30 % of international construction project contracts. In Turkey, FIDIC mostly was preferred in high volume construction projects such as Marmaray Bosphorus Project, Baku Ceyhan Pipeline Construction Project, Ankara- Istanbul Highway Construction. 
  • Delivery of Leviathan Gas through Turkey

    Israel's offshore Tamar and Leviathan gas fields in Eastern Mediterranean Sea have a significant discovery in order to meet Europe's rising gas and energy need.

Press Releases worldwide

The latest news direct from law firms. If you would like to submit press releases for your firm, send an email request to
  • VEGAS LEX works on regional airports development strategy

    The VEGAS LEX law firm is working on a strategy to develop international airport hubs based on regional airports in Russia.
  • Commercial Litigation and Arbitration Forum: recognition and enforcement of English court judgments

    Head of VEGAS LEX's Dispute Resolution Practice Kirill Trukhanov spoke at the Legal Week Commercial Litigation and Arbitration Forum in London last week
  • VEGAS LEX drafts local air services financing program

    The VEGAS LEX law firm is working on proposals concerning additional funding sources for regional air service programs in Russia
  • Positive Developments for the Economy of Cyprus

    800x600 It has been around one year and a half since the Eurogroup decisions to recapitalise Bank of Cyprus via a bail-in on 25 th of March 2013. Cyprus has worked hard since then to exit the financial crisis and to maintain its status and reputation as an international financial centre. Within October 2014, several positive developments which took place suggest that Cyprus is on a good path. These positive developments include: Normal 0 false false false EN-GB X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";} Normal 0 false false false EN-GB X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";}
  • VDB Loi assists with first Commercial Tax registration by a non-resident

    VDB Loi, a leading legal and tax advisory firm in Myanmar, was this week able to register an unnamed non-resident foreign company without a branch in Myanmar for Commercial Tax (CT) purposes. According to Myanmar’s tax laws, 5% CT is due on, among other things, all services rendered in the country. This includes services that are performed in Myanmar by foreign or non-resident companies such as engineering, installation, drilling or consulting. Until recently, however, there was confusion about the implementation by foreign companies, many of which were under the impression that the CT did not apply to them, unless they formally opened a branch in the country. That confusion has now been lifted as the Internal Revenue Department (IRD) has issued the first CT registration for a foreign service provider who has no presence or branch in Myanmar.
  • Péter Köves elected Vice President of IBA Bar Issues Commission

    Péter Köves has been elected as the Vice President of the Bar Issues Commission of the International Bar Association ("IBA"), the world's largest association for lawyers, law firms and bars.
  • "POPOV & PARTNERS” WITH A NEW ADDRESS

    We are pleased to inform you that, from 28.10.2014 onward, "Popov & Partners" Law office will be working and admitting clients at a new location. Striving to be closer to the clients, the business and the institutions, we have chosen a site situated at the heart of downtown Sofia, which has excellent transport links and is easily accessible from all parts of the city. The address is: Sveta Nedelya Square N 4, floor 4.We are pleased to inform you that, from 28.10.2014 onward, "Popov & Partners" Law office will be working and admitting clients at a new location. Striving to be closer to the clients, the business and the institutions, we have chosen a site situated at the heart of downtown Sofia, which has excellent transport links and is easily accessible from all parts of the city. The address is: Sveta Nedelya Square N 4, floor 4.
  • Moldova: Amendments to the Legislation on Pledges

    On 25 July 2014, the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova (Moldova) adopted Act No. 173/2014 on amending and supplementing of certain legal acts (Act No. 173). Act No. 173 will enter into force on 8 November 2014 and will inter alia change the Act No. 449/2001 on pledges (Pledges Act). The effected changes will have a direct impact on both guarantees issued before the entrance into force of the Act No. 173 (which will have to be dealt under the new legal provisions) and on obligations to be secured under the new legal frame. Act No. 173 is also meant to introduce a series of novelties into Moldovan legislation.  read more...
  • Avellum Partners’ Tax Practice Recommended by International Tax Review

    Kyiv, 22 October 2014  - Avellum Partners is proud to announce that our Tax Practice has been highly recognized by International Tax Review (" ITR "), a highly reputable international magazine for tax professionals published by Euromoney Plc. In particular, Avellum Partners was ranked within Tier 3 according to the World Tax and World Transfer Pricing 2015 proving its leading reputation in Ukraine.
  • Boult Wade Tennant grows the Trade Mark and Domain Names team with six new professionals