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"FERRERE is a full-service firm that invests in its people and prides itself on nurturing highly qualified, business-oriented lawyers with an international outlook. The firm has its..." read more
"Established in 1951, Berkemeyer Attorneys & Counselors provides expert legal services to local and foreign clients, gaining a global reputation for quality, expertise and profe..." read more
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Legal market overview

Politically, the country has endured a turbulent year: following Fernando Lugo’s controversial impeachment in June 2012, and the subsequent interim administration of Federico Franco; elections in April 2013 returned the Colorado party back to power and brought Horacio Cartes to the presidency. These events reverberated at a regional level with Paraguay’s (temporary) suspension from the Mercosur trading group, during which Venezuela was admitted to the bloc. The ensuing tensions remain to be resolved and in the interim, Paraguay has signalled its increasing interest in participating in the Alliance of the Pacific. A successful businessman Cartes has made pledges on both foreign and local investment and it is anticipated he will successfully bolster the country’s emerging economy. Legislation that was shelved with the constitutional impasse is also expected to move forward swiftly, not least a Private-Public Partnership law that would boost the financing of infrastructure. A final decision is also expected regarding the construction of an aluminium smelter by Rio Tinto, a project which stalled under Lugo, and which would constitute the largest investment in the country’s history.

Paraguay nevertheless remains a primarily agricultural economy, and as such continues to rely heavily on agro-exports as an economic driver; consequently the agribusiness sector remains a strong focus for many firms. The country is already the world’s fourth-largest soy exporter, and soybean-processing capacity continues to expand. The new ADM soy-crushing plant has been in operation since November 2012; the plant operated by Dreyfus-Bunge joint venture opened in April 2013; and Noble Group is planning on following suit. In addition, Monsanto is extending its operations in the country and considering the revival of commercial cotton production; and, after outbreaks of foot-and-mouth disease in 2011 and 2012, prospects for cattle ranching and beef exports, mainly to Russia and Brazil, are improving. Firms are also finding themselves providing increased counsel on mining-related matters, with mineral resources in the country relatively untapped until recently. The expansion in land, air, and (given the country’s geographical location) particularly river transportation, is also a significant source of work, given that the vast majority of agro-exports travel along the Parana River; here Palacios, Prono y Talavera Abogados has considerable expertise and experience. Another rapidly expanding practice area is environment law: social and environmental responsibility now has a legislative basis and major companies – especially those with international exposure – are ever more conscious of environmental regulations and licencing requirements. The relatively new branch of criminal environmental law has further added to the growing volume of work. Specialisation in the sector is such that the country’s first boutique in the sector, PGK Ambiente y Empresa is thriving. In the IP sector, where Berkemeyer continues to enjoy a predominant position, the persistent problem of falsified goods, in conjunction with enforcement deficiencies, is resulting in an ever-stronger emphasis on anti-piracy and anti-counterfeiting work.

With a legal industry long dominated by firms with a family structure, 2012-2013 has seen the continuing movement of larger corporate firms (such as Vouga & Olmedo and Peroni Sosa Tellechea Burt & Narvaja) towards greater institutionalisation. Such restructuring is a response to various factors: internally, the retention and promotion of talent and also the need for organisational flexibility so as to deal with a rapidly diversifying workload; and externally, to confront greater competition (notably in the form of Uruguayan firm Ferrere’s local office), and meet both the expectation of foreign clients and the increasingly stringent regulatory requirements (be they international, such as FACPA or the UK Bribery Act; or domestic, for example environmental laws).

The fact that investors have seemed relatively unperturbed by the recent political occurrences was reflected in one of the most noteworthy financial transactions of 2012: Paraguay’s $500m inaugural international debt issuance, which proved the most successful first-time bond issue for a state with such a credit rating. Leading banking firm Estudio Juridico Gross Brown advised Citibank and Bank of America/Merril Lynch as underwriters on the deal. Probably the most prominent corporate transaction of the year was Millicom’s $150m acquisition of Cablevisión Paraguay; certainly the largest telecoms deal in Paraguayan history, Millicom was advised by corporate heavyweight Moreno Ruffinelli & Asociados. Best known for working with the state or its representative entities, Parquet & Asociados was counsel to Paraguay in both matters and it is just one of a number of specialist boutiques in the market, for example, Estudio Riera Abogados for litigation, and Irún & Villamayor Asesores Laborales de Empresas on labour matters. Mid-sized firms too, continue to play an important role, most notably the increasingly present Fiorio, Cardozo & Alvarado, Attorneys-at-Law, and Mersán Abogados.

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Legal Developments worldwide

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  • Licensing of Jersey LLPs to conduct fund services business

    Jersey limited liability partnerships (LLPs) can now be licensed to conduct 'fund services business' as a general partner, manager, investment advisor or investment manager under Jersey's financial services legislation.    Read more...
  • Maintenance And Preservation Of Partnership Structure In M&A Transactions

    The one of the most significant principle in an M&A transaction is "the principle of maintenance of partnership structure" (or the maintenance principle) under Turkish Commercial Code. As is known, result of a merger and acquisition transaction affects two main actors: the first one is the company itself and the second is shareholders of the company in fact maintenance of the partnership structure is a result of the second affect of an M&A transaction.
  • Mediation In Turkey: An Alternative Method For Dispute Resolution

    Mediation as an alternative dispute resolution has been regulated by European Union Directive 2008/52/EC providing the application of mediation for civil and commercial cases in the member states of the European Union ("EU"). In some of the Member States of the EU the mediation is recent and has been regulated short time ago by their national laws and mediation has been enacted by a separate law.
  • Tariff Disputes In Turkey And Alternative Methods For Resolution

    Customs duties can be examined within the scope of two types of taxes which are expenditure tax and excise (Indirect) tax. Customs duty can be described as an expenditure tax. Expenditure taxes are for the services and goods produced sold or consumed. Customs duties are type of excise (indirect) tax as well because taxpayers reflect custom duties to consumer by including the tax into the prices of the goods to be sold. Taxable event, time and who to bear are not certain.
  • The Taxation Perspective In Liquidiation Of Turkish Companies

    As well as the company establishment, an investor may take decision for termination of his/her company or a company's termination conditions stated in the laws may occur such that start of a liquidation process becomes unavoidable for the company. Liquidation process is a period which may take long time and in which a company's transactions and taxation procedures are subject to different terms and conditions than a general operation of company's activities.
  • New Opportunity For The Turkish Energy Market: The Eastern Mediterranean Gas Fields

    The high economic growth of Turkey which has been going on for more than a decade now intensified Turkey's need for more energy. It is estimated that Turkey is going to need a substantial volume of energy which will amount to a 7 % annual growth for the Turkish energy market until the year 2023.
  • Corporate Governance In Turkey: Lessons From The American Experience

    Corporate governance serves as a tool in order to ensure accountability, transparency and responsible management on the part of the enterprises which have increasingly been finding themselves in a more competitive world. Such practice is not only necessary because it results with efficiency in a world where the sine qua non of market survival heavily depends on better and more effective management but also because it mitigates the ill effects of corrupt practices that might develop within the firms.
  • Turkey And Aircraft Financing Junction: Sukuk Issuing

    Despite a slowdown in 2013 with 13% decline by sukuk volume, it is most likely to witness a distinct expand in next year since it will lie beyond Gulf region. UK, Luxembourg and Hong Kong will be hot players in sovereign sukuk market. Sukuk volume boost will predominantly substantiate by corporate issuers operating in regulated markets as a financing tool for their prospective investments. Particularly, extensive need in infrastructure financing will trigger sukuk issuance in the upcoming years. The fundamental reasons for the attractiveness of sukuk are its liquidity, functionality on trade and being rateable in terms of issuer country
  • LNG Market In Turkey

    Currently, the importance of the Liquefied Natural Gas ("LNG") has come to the fore with the discussions concerning the probable problems in natural gas import to the Europe due to the Crimean Crisis. According to the experts' opinion, the LNG import to the Europe may increase in the near future depending on the decrease of the natural gas import. In brief, the LNG plays an essential role as an energy resource.
  • Is Data Exclusivity An Advantage Or An Obstacle For Pharmaceutical Companies In Turkey?

    Turkish pharmaceutical policy has changed radically and made progress starting from the last decade. In the meantime, some controversial topics such as reimbursement, pricing, authorisation, intellectual property rights, and quality and harmonisation process with the EU were and in fact still are the highly disputed issues. As a consequence of EU harmonisation process, patent, data protection and data exclusivity are one of the foremost areas of the debate. Within the framework of bilateral or multilateral agreements (TRIPs, Customs Union Agreement with the EU) Turkey needed to apply the international terms and conditions of patent and data protection

Press Releases worldwide

The latest news direct from law firms. If you would like to submit press releases for your firm, send an email request to
  • Hengeler Mueller advises GlaxoSmithKline on its major multiple-part interconditional transaction...

    Hengeler Mueller is advising GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) on German corporate and real estate aspects as well as German employment and pensions aspects on two parts of the major three-part interrelated transaction with Novartis announced on 22 April 2014. The two parts of the transaction include GSK and Novartis combining their respective Consumer Healthcare businesses to form a new world-leading Consumer Healthcare business and GSK acquiring Novartis' global Vaccines business (excluding influenza vaccines) for an initial cash consideration of US$5.25bn with subsequent potential milestone payments of up to US$1.8bn and ongoing royalties.
  • Hengeler Mueller advises Talanx on first secondary listing of a German company on the Warsaw Stock E

    Talanx AG today successfully completed its listing on the Warsaw Stock Exchange. Following its IPO in Germany in 2012, Talanx shares are now also tradable in Warsaw (with a market capitalisation of just under €6.9bn). Talanx is the first German company with a secondary listing on the Warsaw Stock Exchange. The transaction was carried out by way of a special transaction structure concerning tradability and certification of the shares.
  • Mikhail Aleksandrov was a moderator of the discussion in the International Forum...

    Mikhail Aleksandrov, Partner of DS Law, moderated the panel discussion «Capitalising on New Large-Scale Opportunities in the Russian Infrastructure Sector».
    - DS Law
  • DS Law participated in the Lawyers Career Day in the MSLA

    On April 4 DS Law.Attorneys participated in the 8th exhibition-forum "The Lawyers Career Day" in the Moscow State University of Law by the name of O.E.Kutafin (MSLA) dedicated to the professional growth and career of associates.
    - DS Law
  • Mikhail Aleksandrov moderated the discussion in the Forum "Private Equity and Venture Capital"

    Mikhail Aleksandrov, Partner of DS Law.Attorneys, moderated the panel discussion "Capitalising on Large-Scale Opportunities in the Russian Infrastructure Sector" in the 10th International Forum "Private Equity and Venture Capital". The Forum was organized by C5.
    - DS Law
  • Pepeliaev Group at the 10th annual Legal Forum

    Pepeliaev Group has become the partner at Vedomosti newspaper's 10th annual legal forum, which will be held in Moscow on 17-18 April 2014. It is noteworthy that, 10 years ago, it was Pepeliaev Group that was the driving force behind the first forum. Now the event has become a landmark occasion in the Russian legal calendar. Over the last decade, major business figures have come together every year, hosted by the newspaper Vedomosti, to discuss the most pressing issues facing the legal sector and Russia's judicial system. The first day of the conference will feature a plenary session ‘Deoffshoring the economy and creating a favourable business environment', with Sergey Pepeliaev, managing partner of Pepeliaev Group, taking the chair.
  • Round table “Improvement of the transparency and effectiveness in the work of the Supreme Administ

    A round table was held on 15/04/2014 in "Sheraton" hotel in relation to the financed by OPAC project  "Improvement of the transparency and effectiveness in the work of the Supreme Administrative Court (SAC)". /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;}
  • “Popov and partners” will consult the Supreme Judicial Council

    In the beginning of April 2014 the Supreme Judicial Council chose "Popov & Partners" Law Office for consultant in the preparation of documentations according to the Public Procurement Act for selection of contractors for the supply of goods and services to ensure the institution's activities in the period between 2014 - 2015.
  • Kim & Chang: Korea Law Firm of the Year – The Macallan ALB Hong Kong Law Awards 2013

    Kim & Chang was selected as ‘The Korea Law Firm of the Year' at the Macallan ALB Hong Kong Law Awards 2013, surveyed and announced by ALB (Asian Legal Business), a renowned legal publication in Asia owned by Thomson Reuters.
  • Kim & Chang recognized as one of world’s top 10 pro bono firms- Who’s Who Legal Pro Bono Survey

    Kim & Chang was recognized as one of the top 10 pro bono leading law firms in the world according to Who's Who Legal Pro Bono Survey 2013 , published by Who's Who Legal, an international legal media. Kim & Chang is the only Asian firm to be selected.