Firm Profile > NJORD Law Firm > Copenhagen, Denmark

NJORD Law Firm
PILESTRÆDE 58
DK-1112 COPENHAGEN K
Denmark

EU, competition and public procurement Tier 1

Leveraging its litigation capacities, NJORD Law Firm is instructed on a large number of Danish cases before the Court of Justice of the European Union; the group also frequently advises clients on public procurement and abuse of dominance work. Led by Thomas Rhyl, who is well versed in pharmaceuticals, competition, and public procurement cases, the practice also handles rebate schemes, marketing campaigns, franchise and wholesaler agreements, selective distribution issues, regulatory advice concerning EU and domestic competition law and vertical agreements.

Practice head(s):

Thomas Ryhl

Key clients

Philips

Smith & Nephew

Galenica Group

BoehringerIngelheim

Merial

Alcon

CDK

Sagemcom

Novartis

Ferring Pharmaceuticals

Energy Tier 2

Particularly active in offshore installation and structure contract work, NJORD Law Firm has a good reputation in Denmark for its expertise in solar energy, wind power, and other onshore and offshore energy infrastructure projects. Claas Thöle leads the team, which counts green energy companies, oil and gas companies, charging station operators and charging station developers among its clients. Thomas Rhyl assists with regulatory matters and the establishment of cross-border energy networks, while Steffen Hebsgaard Muff handles contentious energy mandates.

Practice head(s):

Claas Thöle

Other key lawyers:

Thomas Ryhl; Steffen Hebsgaard Muff

Key clients

Sonnenkraft

Enerparc

Ewii

Obton

EstatePartner

Envision Energy

SageCom

Polytechnik

Tesla

Shell

Dispute resolution Tier 3

NJORD Law Firm’s team is co-led by Thomas Rhyl, who has particular expertise in EU law cases, including matters involving pharmaceuticals, competition and procurement issues. Other names to note include fellow co-head and copyright infringement expert Jeppe Brogaard Clausen and Ulla Fabricius, who is noted for her capabilities in transport and shipping disputes. The practice has additional capabilities in administrative law litigation and tax disputes, which is a key area for Robert Mikelsons .

Practice head(s):

Thomas Ryhl; Jeppe Brogaard Clausen

Other key lawyers:

Ulla Fabricius; Robert Mikelsons  

Key clients

Coca-Cola

Louis Vuitton

The European Commission

J. Lauritzen A/S

L’Oréal

Philips HealthTech

IF Skadeforsikring

Codan (RSA)

Bring Trucking (Posten Norge)

Omni Bridgeway (formerly IMF Bentham Group)

Novartis Pharma

Danish Ministry of Justice/Danish Parliament

Information technology Tier 3

Working closely with the firm’s IP department, NJORD Law Firm’s team has a track record in web and system development work, IT and ERP contracts, software licensing issues and the establishment of support services. Practice head Anders Wernblad, who joined from Bird & Bird Advokatpartnerselskab in mid-2019, also has extensive experience in digitisation and IT procurement projects, especially mandates relating to the e-commerce sector.

Practice head(s):

Anders Wernblad

Key clients

Procon Solution A/S

Adapt A/S

Boligsiden A/S

Conxion A/S

Luxplus ApS

Arbit Cyber Defence Systems ApS

Cookie Information A/S

NutraQ ApS

Insolvency Tier 3

Bolstered by its late 2020 merger with Silkeborg-based firm Brockstedt-Kaalund Advokatpartnerselskab, which brought Anders Hammer Hansen on board as the new insolvency and reconstruction group head, NJORD Law Firm advises its client base on a variety of insolvency and bankruptcy matters. Key areas of focus include acting as trustee for companies, filing petitions for bankruptcy and representing clients in legal proceedings.

Practice head(s):

Anders Hammer Hansen

Other key lawyers:

Malene Eigtved; Jørgen Erik Frandsen

Key clients

Jyske Bank

Jyske Finans

Nykredit

Sydbank

Vækstfonden

Intellectual property Tier 3

Jeppe Brogaard Clausen and Thomas Ryhl lead the team at NJORD Law Firm, which represents brand owners in the protection and enforcement of IP rights and is prominent in the life sciences space. Clausen is noted for his expertise in counterfeit and passing off cases, as well as copyright infringement matters in the music and film industries, while Rhyl specialises in life sciences regulations and IP litigation relating to EU-wide law. Malene Fagerberg left the group in mid-2020 to a DPO position.

Practice head(s):

Jeppe Brogaard Clausen; Thomas Ryhl

Other key lawyers:

Frank Jørgensen

Key clients

Estrella Maarud AS

The Whole Company – including Castus, Fredsted, Heidelberg, and Jemo-pharm

Novartis Pharma

Volkswagen

Coca-Cola

Coty – including Davidoff, Calvin Klein, Marc Jacobs etc.

Galenica Group

Ferring Pharmaceuticals

Astellas Pharma

Smith & Nephew

Philips HealthTech

Allergan

Hermès

Louis Vuitton

Gucci

Coloplast

Media and entertainment Tier 3

Headed up by Jeppe Brogaard Clausen, the team at NJORD Law Firm has recently has a particular focus on illegal file-sharing cases, representing IP rights holders including film producers in copyright infringement claims and information injunction cases against domestic and Nordic internet service providers. The team also advises media and entertainment clients on commercial, corporate and employment contracts.

Practice head(s):

Jeppe Brogaard Clausen

Key clients

Momondo

HBO (Home Box Office Ltd and HBO Nordic)

Resultmaker A/S

Copyright Management Services Ltd

Rovio Entertainment Oy

Philips Denmark A/S

Real estate and construction Tier 3

Bolstered by its 2020 merger with Brockstedt-Kaalund Advokatpartnerselskab, which brought multiple real estate lawyers on board, NJORD Law Firm is primarily instructed on construction-related contract and insurance issues, property transactions, lease mandates and matters in the non-profit social housing sector. In 2020, Christian Schwarz-Hansen, who previously worked at LEAD, Rödl & Partner, joined to spearhead the practice. The group also acts for clients in disputes, project financing work and real estate portfolio issues. Steffen Hebsgaard Muff specialises in international civil engineering contracts.

Practice head(s):

Christian Schwarz-Hansen

Other key lawyers:

Steffen Hebsgaard Muff; Søren Egstrand Thomse; Erik Larsson

Key clients

Arpe & Kjeldsholm A/S

Nordea

KAJ O. Madsen A/S

Rasmus Friis A/S

University of Copenhagen

HPH Totalbyg A/S

Omega Gruppe / Residential Berlin I GmbH

HDI-Gerling insurance

University College Absalon

The Foundation for the Preservation of Vitskøl Abbey

Prince Henrik’s school’s property fund

Aluflam international A/S

Ekona A/S

Ceraco A/S

Nordbo Huse

Bo-vita

Bertelsen & Schevig architects

Municipality of Haderslev

Elisabeth Schwartz f. Tafdrups family foundation, and Ellen & Carl Tafdrups memorial trust

Shipping and transport Tier 3

Praised for her ‘extremely analytical’ approach, Ulla Fabricius spearheads NJORD Law Firm’s group, which advises clients on a range of shipping, road transport and logistics issues. The group’s contentious expertise spans cargo claims, collisions and groundings work; it also handles insurance and reinsurance matters, regulatory work concerning cabotage issues, driving and rest time mandates, and the EU Mobility Package, as well as the sale and financing of ships, shipbuilding matters and complex logistics contracts. Christian Benedictsen-Nislev left to join DLA Piper Denmark in late 2019.

Practice head(s):

Ulla Fabricius

Other key lawyers:

Thomas Ryhl; Marie Steen Mikkelsen

Testimonials

‘The team is very close to the industry and is always upfront in informing and advising on new or coming legislation and the implications such legislation may have.’

‘The communication style of the team is clear, direct and to the point but always in a nice and sober tone that does not increase tension with opponents. The approach is sharp, pragmatic and very solution-oriented.’

‘Ulla Fabricius is extremely analytical, has a huge knowledge of the industry and the legal issues at stake. She has a pragmatic approach and does not overcomplicate matters.’ 

‘Ulla is very friendly and diligent and her focus is always on the ball. Therefore, she is liked by both colleagues and opponents, which makes it easier to reach conclusions to disputes. She is very solution-oriented and creative in finding ways to bridge gaps so that useful solutions are reached.’

‘Ulla Fabricius has a very high degree of expertise in International Transport and the Danish regulations vs. the EU regulations. She is very professional with a high degree of knowledge in this field. We also work with Marie Steen Mikkelsen and here again we have experienced a high degree of knowledge, thorough work in analysing previous cases and a very clear and sound way of expressing the issue.’

Key clients

Codan Forsikring A/S

DFDS A/S

Anders Nielsen & Co. A/S

DSV Group of companies

H.P. Therkelsen A/S

Bring Group of Companies

Johs. Rasmussen, Svebølle A/S

BHS Logistics A/S

SAL Heavy Lift

United Heavy Lift

Tax Tier 3

Noted for its VAT knowledge in particular, NJORD Law Firm primarily handles contentious and non-contentious matters concerning indirect taxes. The group is headed up by Robert Mikelsons, who has a notable track record in negotiating and litigating VAT cases before the Supreme Court and the EU Court of Justice. In addition, the practice assists clients with the tax implications of M&A, corporate structures and restructurings, inbound investment structures and incentive programmes.

Practice head(s):

Robert Mikelsons

Other key lawyers:

René Lykke Wethelund; Niels Gade-Jacobson

Testimonials

‘Very broad practice areas and strength in depth. High calibre lawyers who are dedicated to achieving an exceptional outcome for their client.’

‘Robert Mikelsons and Niels Gade-Jacobson are both highly knowledgeable and effective.’

Key clients

ABN Amro Group

Bauhaus

United Chemi-CON

Ress Life Investments

Saint-Gobain

Sanofi-Aventis

Dansk Shell

Parken Sport and Entertainment

Bonnier Publications

COMSA

Banking and finance Tier 4

Under the leadership of Kim Høibye, NJORD Law Firm is 'very responsive, commercial and knowledgeable in the areas of asset management, fund distribution and financial services in particular'. It frequently handles cross-border investment fund structures, related regulatory issues, investment project due diligence, fintech matters and acquisition, property and project financing mandates.

Practice head(s):

Kim Høibye

Other key lawyers:

Jakub Zakrzewski

Testimonials

‘The team have a very broad knowledge about the financial sector and can best be described as generalists within a specialised area.’

‘Kim Høibye and Jakub Zakrzewski are very responsive, commercial and knowledgeable in the areas of asset management, fund distribution and financial services in particular.’

‘The team works well together to deliver results. Very flexible approach and a “can-do” problem-solving attitude, which is refreshing.’ 

Key clients

Nykredit

Bank of New York Mellon

Nordea: Bank, Nordea Realkredit

BlackRock

Realkredit Denmark

PFA Pension, PFA Asset Management

Google Pay

AP Pension

Janus Henderson

Sydbank

Schroder

Aberdeen Asset Management

Jyske Bank

Sparinvest

Stoneware Capital LLP

ISS

Ricoch Europe Plc

UTI Goldfinch Funds Plc

DEAS Asset Management

EM Quest Ltd.

Ardevora Asset Management LLP.

Commercial, corporate and M&A Tier 4

NJORD Law Firm has a track record in domestic and cross-border M&A and has seen a recent uptick in private equity and venture capital investment work. Spearheaded by Jens Christian Dreyer, the group also receives equity fundraising, corporate restructuring and shareholder instructions; it has particular experience in drafting shareholder agreements for its cross-sector client roster.

Practice head(s):

Jens Christian Dreyer

Other key lawyers:

Lars Lokdam; René Lykke Wethelund

Testimonials

‘Great and competent team. They prioritise getting to know the client in order to get a full understanding of the company needs and provide the best legal advice. Njord had advised us on different legal aspects of our business, always with great professionalism and competence in a way that fully met our needs.’

Key clients

Philips

AP Pension

Bauhaus Danmark A/S

Forenede Service

3M

Boehringer Ingelheim Danmark A/S

Vailant A/S

V2 Tobacco

TREFOR Energy

HandiMobil A/S

Enghouse Systems A/S

CompuGroup Medical Denmark

Karl Storz Endoskopi A/S

Lind Invest ApS

Aarhus Airport

JS World Media A/S

Reinh. van Hauen ApS

Employment Tier 4

NJORD Law Firm's practice, which is headed up by Miriam Michaelsen, specialises in the employment aspects of M&A transactions, the implementation of incentive schemes, restructurings and outsourcing issues, most notably for Nordic and German clients. Another key practitioner is Anders Worsøe, who is frequently instructed on collective bargaining issues.

Practice head(s):

Miriam Michaelsen

Other key lawyers:

Anders Worsøe

Key clients

LSG Sky Chefs Group

Daiichi Sankyo Oncology Europe GmbH

Gerry Weber Denmark ApS & Gerry Weber Group, Germany

REMS GmbH & Co. KG and their Danish subsidiary REMS Scandinavia A/S

Star Inc. (former Cogniance, Inc.)

Sennheiser HQ and Sennheiser Nordic A/S

Advanced Energy Industries and Danish subsidiary LumaSense Technologies A/S

Teknos OY and Danish subsidiary Teknos A/S

The firm: NJORD Law Firm is a leading international full-service law firm with a strong presence in the Nordic and the Baltic Sea area with offices in Denmark, Estonia, Lithuania, and Latvia.

Its 200+ professionals provide legal services within all corporate and commercial law areas and adapt it to any market condition. About half of the world’s top 100 brands are among NJORD Law Firm’s clients.

A large number of natives employed from Norway, Sweden, Finland, Germany and the US working at the Copenhagen office give NJORD Law Firm access to a wide range of jurisdictions, and the firm continues to add new nationalities to its team. Currently, they think, talk, and co-operate in more than 25 languages – 17 of which are spoken as the native tongue.

Whether the assignment is a Danish transfer of a business or a Pan-Nordic trade mark protection, NJORD’s lawyers bring openness, regional scope, and international knowledge and vision into play.

In summary, NJORD Law Firm offers local know-how, a Nordic approach, and global experience.

Areas of practice: At NJORD, the lawyers combine profound professional expertise with distinct and direct counselling – in plain language – providing value-adding advice to its client’s business. In addition, a number of partners bring solid business experience from in-house positions in large companies.

Due to NJORD’s lawyers’ strong business sense and extensive expertise in working cross-border, they assist clients in navigating the pitfalls of both Danish, Nordic, and international law. This means their clients often only need to seek legal advice in one place.

In addition, NJORD’s specialists have set up several multidisciplinary innovative teams working across the departments – e.g. the drone and robotics group delivering innovative and solution-oriented advice within all technological specialities, and the bilingual German Nordic legal desk, which is the most ambitious and experienced in Denmark and the Nordic region.

Department Name Email Telephone
Banking and finance Kim Høibye
Corporate/M&A Lars Lokdam
Corporate/M&A Henrik Lyhne
Corporate/M&A Jens Christian Dreyer
Corporate/M&A René Lykke Wethelund
Dispute resolution Ulla Fabricius
Employment and labour Miriam Michaelsen
Employment and labour Anders Worsøe
German Nordic legal Stefan Reinel
German Nordic legal Dr Claas Thöle
EU and competition Thomas Ryhl
Intellectual property Jeppe Brogaard Clausen
Intellectual property Peter Gustav Olson
Intellectual property Frank Jørgensen
Life sciences and healthtech Thomas Ryhl
Insolvency and restructuring Malene Eigtved
Insolvency and restructuring Anders Hammer Hansen
IT Anders Wernblad
Maritime and transport Ulla Fabricius
Maritime and transport Thomas Ryhl
Private equity René Lykke Wethelund
Private equity Robert Mikelsons
Procurement and public authorities Thomas Ryhl
Real estate and construction Erik Larsson
Real estate and construction Christian Schwarz-Hansen
Tax Robert Mikelsons
Photo Name Position Profile
Mr Jeppe Brogaard Clausen  photo Mr Jeppe Brogaard Clausen Jeppe Brogaard Clausen is a specialist in intellectual property law. For more…
Mr Nis Peter Dall  photo Mr Nis Peter Dall Nis Peter Dall is primarily engaged in data protection law, IT law…
Mr Jens Christian Dreyer  photo Mr Jens Christian Dreyer Jens Christian Dreyer is engaged in general commercial law and is rendering…
Mrs Malene Eigtved  photo Mrs Malene Eigtved Malene Eigtved is a certified insolvency lawyer, and handles all aspects within…
Mrs Ulla Fabricius  photo Mrs Ulla Fabricius For many years, Ulla Fabricius has advised both national and international transport…
 Jørgen Erik Frandsen  photo Jørgen Erik Frandsen Jørgen Erik Frandsen is primarily engaged in counselling of financial businesses and…
 Karsten Gudmand-Høyer  photo Karsten Gudmand-Høyer Karsten Gudmand-Høyer is one of the leading experts within the field of…
 Kim Høibye  photo Kim Høibye Kim Høibye has special experience in advising Danish and international companies in…
Mr Anders Hammer Hansen  photo Mr Anders Hammer Hansen Anders Hammer Hansen specialises in insolvency law, including insolvency and restructuring. He…
Mr Steffen Hebsgaard Muff photo Mr Steffen Hebsgaard Muff Steffen Hebsgaard Muff primarily advises the energy sector, construction companies, and insurance…
 Frank Jørgensen  photo Frank Jørgensen Frank Jørgensen is specialized in intellectual property with main focus on all…
 Therèse Kemp  photo Therèse Kemp Therèse Kemp’s day-to-day work consists in the handling of successions, the drafting…
Mr Erik Larsson  photo Mr Erik Larsson Erik Larsson specialises in construction law, real estate, guarantees, contract law, social…
Mr Lars Lokdam  photo Mr Lars Lokdam Lars Lokdam specialises in the purchase and sale of enterprises, and he…
Mr Henrik Lyhne  photo Mr Henrik Lyhne Henrik Lyhne specialises in business law and primarily deals with company law…
 René Lykke Wethelund  photo René Lykke Wethelund Partner René Lykke Wethelund is a corporate and M&A specialist with a…
Mrs Miriam Michaelsen  photo Mrs Miriam Michaelsen Partner Miriam Michaelsen, head of the Employment Law team, is specialised in…
Mr Robert Mikelsons  photo Mr Robert Mikelsons Robert Mikelsons is the head of NJORD’s tax specialist group. He gives…
Mr Peter Gustav Olson  photo Mr Peter Gustav Olson Peter Gustav Olson specialises in EU trademarks, EU designs, and domain names.…
Mr Stefan Reinel  photo Mr Stefan Reinel Stefan Reinel specialises in international and German legal matters and has advised…
Mr Thomas Ryhl  photo Mr Thomas Ryhl Thomas Ryhl is a committed and very knowledgeable attorney. He takes pride…
Mr Jakob Stilling  photo Mr Jakob Stilling Jakob Stilling is an authorized administrator with the bankruptcy division of the…
 Claas Thöle  photo Claas Thöle Doctor Claas Thöle advises on Danish and German law, including corporate and…
Mr Anders Wernblad  photo Mr Anders Wernblad Anders Wernblad has a great knowledge of the legal sector and legal…
 Anders Worsøe  photo Anders Worsøe Anders Worsøe is well-versed in multiple legal disciplines and mostly with an…
Number of lawyers : 107
Arabic
Bosnian
Catalan
Croatian
Danish
Dutch
English
Estonian
Farsi
Faroese
Finnish
French
German
Italian
Latvian
Lithuanian
Norwegian
Polish
Portuguese
Russian
Serbian
Spanish
Swedish
Turkish
Other offices : Aarhus
Other Offices : Silkeborg
Other offices : Riga
Other offices : Tallinn
Other offices : Vilnius

Diversity: 

Diversity is the essence of the atmosphere at NJORD Law Firm. 

We think, speak and collaborate in more than 25 languages. We see the diversity of our employees as a strength – both in terms of career, life experience, nationality, religion, and sexuality. This makes us a diverse, international and modern law firm. 

CSR: 

We are fighting to leave concrete marks through our work. 

We are members of the United Nations Global Compact and have, among other things, based NJORDs ethical guidelines on their ten principles, which are embodied in the UNs 17 Sustainable Development Goals. The ten principles include social accountability based on internationally agreed conventions on labour and human rights, the environment, and anti-corruption. In addition, we are a member of the Danish Bar and Law Society and have joined the Association of Danish Law Firms advokatKODEKS (lawyers code). 

We fight for those whose voices are not heard. 

With the law behind us, we take on responsibility by fighting also for those whose voice is not being heard. We do this, for instance, in cases regarding digital violations. We supported the establishment of the association Digitalt Ansvar (Digital Responsibility) (DIGA), which we largely assist with pro bono work. The massive total effort by several parties against digital violations has created an increased awareness of the problem in society. We see a tendency towards a change in digital behaviour, increased maximum penalties for digital sexual violations, and an increased focus from the police on digital violations. 

NJORD Law Firm, represented by Attorney and Partner Miriam Michaelsen, received the Association of Danish Law Firms advokatKODEKS award 2018 for its efforts against digital offences. NJORD received the award for its focused efforts to create fair solutions for its clients and for those whose voice is not being heard. 

We are CO2 conscious 

NJORD Law Firm was on 1 January 2019 certified CO2-neutral, as one of the first law firms in Denmark. 

At NJORD, consideration and accountability are integrated into the small and simple choices of everyday life. We reduce travel activity and CO2 emissions by hosting online face-to-face meetings in digital meeting rooms. In addition, we have a number of office bicycles, which we use for meetings in the local area to minimize short-distance driving. Several departments have been digitized to minimize printing. 

Ulla Fabricius, Attorney at Law, Partner

The Legal 500 Hall of Fame highlights individuals who have received constant praise by their clients for continued excellence. Attorney at law and partner Ulla Fabricius talks about her successful work as a lawyer and predicts the biggest challenge for clients over the next year.

What has been your greatest achievement, in a professional and personal capability?

As a female lawyer specialized within Shipping- and Transport law, I am proud to have made my way to become a highly trusted and recognized legal adviser for many clients in the industry. I take particular pride in having worked closely together with the industry to obtain the changes in the regulation on driving and rest time, which were so essential for the industry. On a personal level, I am happy having been able to have a family and raise our wonderful children besides having a career.

What do you do differently from your peers in the industry?

I have an in-depth knowledge and understanding of my client’s business and situation for which reason I have a very good background for reaching the best possible solution to legal issues presented to me by clients.

I have drafted the Danish legal commentary to the CMR Convention, which gives me a very solid basis for advising on CMR matters including logistics and project cargo.

What advice would you give to your younger self?

Do not worry so much – you will be able to become a trusted adviser within your field.

Can you give me a practical example of how you helped a client add value to the business?

I have advised a client on how to negotiate a balanced logistics contract which resulted in the client winning the contract because they could see possibilities where most of their competitors saw obstacles.

Within your sector, what do you think will be the biggest challenge for clients over the next 12 months?

Competition is still fierce. The upcoming new EU regulation on, amongst others, Cabotage is expected to create new challenges as it is essential for the transport companies to find hauliers and drivers to carry cargo within Europe.

Thomas Rhyl, Attorney at Law, Partner

The Legal 500 Hall of Fame highlights individuals who have received constant praise by their clients for continued excellence. Attorney at law and partner Thomas Ryhl talks about his successful work as a lawyer and predicts the biggest challenge for clients over the next year.

What has been your greatest achievement, in a professional and personal capability?

To win all the cases I’ve litigated before the Court of Justice of the European Union – whether representing the EU Commission, global corporations, or private individuals – has been a welcome reward for the countless hours spent on specializing and keeping up to date in the dynamic field of EU law. Keeping ahead in a field where the finest lawyers from all of Europe compete requires a constant and dynamic interaction with both clients, scholars, and my own team, and to build such relationships has been very rewarding, in each and every case fought over the years. On a personal level, it has been a great pleasure to see pro bono work being rewarded with the Grand Chamber of the CJEU overturning Danish immigration law in 2016, reversing more than 12 years practice of illegally refusing children of migrant workers to live with their parents: All refusals have now been reversed, and the families reunited.

What do you do differently from your peers in the industry?

Although I have to delegate work to members of my team, I take pride in knowing and understanding every aspect of my clients’ business and situation, keeping in constant close touch. My clients are my friends, and quite a few of them have become personal friends as well. These close relationships constantly provides me with new insights and in-depth knowledge, making me well-prepared to deal with all kinds of legal problems, as a generalist and not just as an extremely focused specialist.

What advice would you give to your younger self?

To have faith in the fact that dedication, solid expertise, and professionalism will win you the best clients in the longer run: Networks aren’t the only key to winning business. And to specialize early on in an area of law where you are not limited to a small jurisdiction like Denmark in your work as a lawyer: Mastering EU competition law, you can help clients all over Europe and the world.

Can you give me a practical example of how you helped a client add value to the business?

By limiting parallel imports of pharmaceuticals. Persuading the CJEU to overturn a judgment of the German Supreme Court and ruling against the EU Commission, I succeeded in reminding courts around Europe of the importance of protecting the rights of trademark owners, allowing original manufacturers of pharmaceuticals and medical devices to limit the detrimental re-packaging and re-branding of parallel imported products. The whole industry eagerly welcomed the 2016 judgment.

Within your sector, what do you think will be the biggest challenge for clients over the next 12 months?

To ensure that the competition authorities, as well as the regulatory bodies of the different Member States, do not become omnipotent, but are constantly reminded to respect the rule of law and the rights and privileges of undertakings. Aiming to please those currently in power, rather than to ensure a correct implementation of EU law, seems to be increasingly important to many enforcers in both the Nordics and around Europe.