Firms To Watch: International arbitration

Increasingly prominent dispute resolution boutique Boies Schiller Flexner LLP is noted for its ability to ‘take on cases that have borderline prospects of success and win them.’
Dan Tan Law‘s one-partner team is ‘small but strong and focused‘.  Dan Tan, who splits his practice between San Francisco, New York and Singapore, is recommended for his record in US-Asia disputes.

International arbitration in United States

Debevoise & Plimpton LLP

In the ultimate accolade, Debevoise & Plimpton LLP's international arbitration team is commended as having ‘no weak link’. As one of the largest dedicated groups in the market, the New York-based practice fields an impressive combination of senior specialists together with next-generation partners; all of whom bring to bear experience in representing the full scope of clients, including multinational corporations and sovereign states, in cross-border arbitral proceedings. A regular fixture on commercial, investment treaty and public international law-related matters, the group is a destination practice for complex cases under all major institutional rules. Co-chairing both the international dispute resolution and public international law departments, Catherine Amirfar enjoys a prominent global reputation for her record in landmark disputes. Amirfar recently paired up with Ina Popova to represent the Republic of Iraq in an ICSID case brought by Orange Telecom under the France-Iraq bilateral investment treaty (BIT), among other proceedings. Mark W. Friedman, who splits his time between New York and London, is sought after for his expertise in complex mining and natural resources cases; he teamed up with Latin America practice co-chair Dietmar Prager and Caribbean practice co-chair Natalie Reid to successful represent Tethyan Copper Company in its $6bn arbitration win against the Islamic Republic of Pakistan–the second-largest ICSID award ever rendered. Seasoned litigator David W. Rivkin is also widely recognized as a leading light, while newly promoted partner Laura Sinisterra and counsel Floriane Lavaud are highly regarded up-and-coming names.

Practice head(s):

Catherine Amirfar; Mark W. Friedman

Other key lawyers:

Ina Popova; Dietmar Prager; Natalie Reid; David W. Rivkin; Laura Sinisterra; Floriane Lavaud; Julio Rivera Rios


‘As a team, I would uniformly rate DP disputes lawyers in the “off the charts” category if it were possible to do so. It is rare if not unheard of to have a team with no weak link but I can attest to the DP team to having earned this reputation.’ 

‘In my opinion, Debevoise has the best international arbitration team in the world. Partners and associates are excellent, very intelligent, extremely hard-working and experienced, and they all handle extremely complex disputes seamlessly.’

‘Client service and relationship with colleagues (co-counsel and opposing counsel) is exceptional. Their advocacy skills are outstanding. Their public international law capabilities are a plus and a significant advantage when compared with other law firms.’

‘Expert knowledge on novel issues in public international law, thorough understanding of complex commercial issues, and understanding of the intersection of private and public law. The firm prioritises excellence, and does so by working in diverse teams, which take a collegiate approach to their work.’

I single out Natalie Reid and Ina Popova in New York. I have had an opportunity to collaborate and interact with them in various capacities. They are supremely talented. I am convinced that they have reserved their places in the next generation of global elite dispute resolution practitioners.’

‘Mark Friedman: An exceptional talent, very personable, and always calm under pressure. He is also a great leader and has outstanding oral and written advocacy skills. He is my number 1 recommendation for international arbitration.’

‘Dietmar Prager: Extremely intelligent, with superb memory and knowledge of the record, and with a very nice personality. He has a very strong reputation in LatAm. Laura Sinisterra: Also extremely intelligent, very focused and analytical, deeply committed to the case, and very personable.’

‘Ina Popova is one of the most complete arbitration lawyers I have seen in my life. She has all the arbitration skills a client could wish for. Associate Julio Rivera Rios is a very talented lawyer, intelligent, extremely hard-working, charming, and with amazing communication skills.’

Key clients

Barrick (Niugini) Limited and Barrick (PD) Australia Pty Limited

Discovery Communication Inc

Freeport-McMoRan Inc. and Sociedad Minera Cerro Verde

Gramercy Funds Management LLC

Hydro S.r.l., Costruzioni S.r.l., Francesco Becchetti, Mauro de Renzis, Stefania Grigolon and Liliana Condomitti

The Nova Group Investments B.V

Perenco Ecuador Limited

Qatar Airways

The Republic of Iraq

SMM Cerro Verde Netherlands B.V.

The State of Qatar

Tethyan Copper Company Pty Limited (jointly owned by Antofagasta Minerals and Barrick Gold Corporation)

Work highlights

  • Representing Tethyan Copper Company in its $6bn arbitration win against the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.
  • Successfully defending the government of the Republic of Iraq against ICSID claims in two separate arbitral proceedings totaling over $1bn.
  • Representing Francesco Becchetti, and five other Italian investors, in ICSID proceedings against Albania, winning an order of provisional measures suspending criminal and extradition proceedings.

Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer LLP

A global leader in arbitral disputes, Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer LLP is noted for its impressive market share of ICSID cases, with a particularly prominent record in complex investment disputes involving Latin American states. Alongside its dominant investor-state practice, the group is also routinely engaged to handle commercial arbitrations, where it is primarily active on behalf of multinational corporations in the energy and natural resources, infrastructure, pharmaceutical, and technology sectors. From Washington DC, Nigel Blackaby co-heads the firm’s Latin America practice and is highly regarded for his expertise in LatAm-related arbitral proceedings, especially mining and energy disputes. Blackaby recently acted alongside Caroline Richard, also in DC, to represent Canada-based Eco Oro Minerals Corporation in bringing a claim against Colombia under the Canada-Colombia Fair Trade Agreement. New York-based Elliot Friedman heads the international arbitration practice in the Americas and advises on major multi-jurisdictional commercial and investment treaty disputes; he is notably representing ConocoPhillips in a series of cases relating to the 2007 expropriation of three major oil investments in Venezuela, one of the largest expropriations in history. Rounding out the senior partners is Buenos Aires- and New York-qualified Noiana Marigo, who co-heads the international arbitration and Latin America groups; she is acting for BBVA in an ICSID arbitration against Bolivia concerning the nationalization of the country’s pension fund administration industry. The group also includes New York-based Thomas Walsh, who was promoted to partner in May 2022.

Practice head(s):

Nigel Blackaby; Noiana Marigo

Other key lawyers:

Caroline Richard; Elliot Friedman; Thomas Walsh; Sofía Klot


‘The Freshfields team is top notch, but most importantly, incredibly kind and great to work with. Everyone is extremely smart, experienced, hard-working and eager to always go the extra mile.’

Top outfit in international arbitration; especially in Latam, with top talent at all levels familiar with the region. This familiarity extends beyond knowing the political-economic landscape; they have associates and partners who were trained in, and practiced, in Latam’s largest and most sophisticated firms.’

‘Experienced, responsive, bilingual, focused, great with the managers.’

Key clients

ConocoPhillips Company

The Glencore Group

VINCI Airports

Anglo American

Grupo Agroinsumos



Eco Oro Minerals

Smurfit Kappa


Latin American Regional Aviation Holding

IC Power

Kenon Holdings

Abertis Infraestructuras

Fernando Fraiz Trapote

The AES Corporation


América Móvil

Pampa Energía


Espiritu Santo Holdings

J&F Investimentos

Work highlights

  • Successfully represented Grupo Agroinsumos in an ICSID arbitration against the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.
  • Successfully represented BBVA in an ICSID arbitration against Bolivia concerning the nationalisation of the country’s pension fund administration industry.
  • Successfully represented ConocoPhillips in a series of cases relating to the 2007 expropriation of three major oil investments in Venezuela.

King & Spalding LLP

The ‘dream team‘ at King & Spalding LLP can turn its hand to complex arbitrations in any industry sector, with its deep bench and extensive national–and international–network positioning it as a dominant player in large-scale investment cases. It particularly stands out for its pioneering experience in the energy and natural resources spheres, with one oil and gas major highlighting it as ‘simply the best international arbitration practice in the market‘. Demonstrating its commitment to further growth in 2022, the department hired highly regarded commercial and investment arbitration specialist Samaa Haridi, who joined in New York from Hogan Lovells US LLP. Additionally, the firm’s launch of a Miami office saw several geographical relocations within the arbitration group as key partners moved to tap the Latin America market from the new Florida platform. Houston-based department co-head Doak Bishop is widely regarded as an authority in disputes involving the construction, environmental, foreign investment, and energy and natural resources, areas. Fellow co-head Edward Kehoe, based in New York, is also a leading light. Kehoe and Bishop recently teamed up with Craig Miles, who splits his practice between Miami and Houston, and Houston-based Wade Coriell, to represent Chevron in an investment treaty arbitration against the Republic of Ecuador, arising out of a $9.5bn Ecuadorian court judgment against Chevron for alleged environmental harm. The group also includes senior specialists Harry Burnett, who recently moved to Miami to support his thriving Latin America practice, and Chicago-based Javier Rubinstein. In Atlanta, Elizabeth Silbert is a talented next-generation partner. Viren Mascarenhas recently left the firm.

Practice head(s):

Edward Kehoe; Doak Bishop

Other key lawyers:

Harry Burnett; Samaa Haridi; Craig Miles; Wade Coriell; Javier Rubinstein; Elizabeth Silbert; Erica Franzetti; Reginald Smith; Fernando Rodriguez-Cortina; David Weiss


‘King Spalding has simply the best international arbitration practice in the market. The team’s wealth of experience and expertise in a number of industries and across multiple jurisdictions is unparalleled.’

‘The practical commercial approach, the business mindset and the client-first way of working makes K&S the most effective international arbitration team I have ever worked with. They position themselves as true business partners, way beyond the traditional role of external legal advisor.’

‘K&S have tremendous strength-in-depth for international arbitration and are creative in their thinking.’

‘Samaa Haridi has huge amounts of energy and drive as well as strong technical knowledge. Harry Burnett is very familiar with Latin America.’

‘I appreciate Javier Rubinstein’s background as the global general counsel for a Big Four firm, his familiarity with cultural and legal issues across LatAm, his fluency in Spanish, and his ability to work effectively with local practitioners.’

‘The team at King & Spalding is very professional, friendly, time efficient, and know what they are doing. They treat cases as if their were their own, and guide clients on a comfortable path.’

‘Samaa Haridi has excellent experience, she knows how to deal with clients, she advises us on weekly basis, and above all she is available 24/7.’

‘Harry Burnett, Craig Miles, Samaa Haridi, David Weiss, Erica Franzetti and Fernando Rodriguez-Cortina make up a dream team. Their global cross-industry experience is unmatched. Their are all very business focused, creative and passionately strategic about every single aspect of any given case.’

Key clients

Quanta Services

Gente Oil Ecuador S.A.


Min Fengzhen

Sanitek S.a.r.l.

Westmoreland Coal Company

Odyssey Marine Exploration, Inc.

Desarrollo Vial de los Andes S.A.C.

Multiple renewable energy clients

Sociedad Aeroportuaria Kuntur Wasi S.A.

Corporación América S.A.

WeBuild S.p.A.

The Williams Companies

AMERRA Capital Management, LLC

Work highlights

  • Representing subsidiaries of Quanta Services in several commercial, insurance and investment arbitrations, including an ICSID arbitration against the Republic of Peru under the Netherlands–Peru BIT.
  • Representing Gente Oil Ecuador in an UNCITRAL arbitration against the Republic of Ecuador concerning the breach of a service agreement for the exploration and production of hydrocarbons.
  • Representing Chevron in an investment treaty arbitration against the Republic of Ecuador, arising out of a $9.5bn Ecuadorian court judgment against Chevron for alleged environmental harm caused by historical oilfield operations.

White & Case LLP

Widely regarded as a go-to practice for investor-state arbitration, White & Case LLP leverages its global network and premier public international law expertise to excel in representing both investors and nation states in complex cases. The team, which also shines in commercial arbitration, is well versed in all major institutional rules, as well as regional and ad hoc cases. Spread between five US offices, the sizeable group additionally draws on arbitration specialists in the firm's international offices–including in key arbitration centers such as London, Paris, Geneva and Singapore–to bring to bear comprehensive jurisdictional and sectoral coverage. Washington DC-based global department head Abby Cohen Smutny frequently secures high-profile mandates from both respondents and claimants in investor-state arbitrations. Most recently, Cohen Smutny was part of the cross-office team that represented Gabriel Resources in an ICSID arbitration against Romania concerning the de facto expropriation of Gabriel’s rights in the Roşia Montană gold mining project. Washington DC-based Carolyn Lamm heads the international arbitration practice for the Americas and teamed up with Hansel Pham and Kristen Young, both also in DC, to represent the Republic of Uzbekistan in an ICSID arbitration brought under the Turkey-Uzbekistan BIT. Other key names in DC include Jonathan Hamilton, who has a significant Latin America dimension to his practice. In New York, pre-eminent specialist Paul Friedland is sought after for his first-class commercial and investor-state arbitration expertise. Ank Santens, who heads the America's disputes section, is also noted in New York. The firm additionally fields a talented band of next-generation arbitration partners, including Damien Nyer and Brody Greenwald.

Practice head(s):

Abby Cohen Smutny

Other key lawyers:

Carolyn Lamm; Paul Friedland; Ank Santens; Jonathan Hamilton; Hansel Pham; Kristen Young; Damien Nyer; Brody Greenwald; Silvia Marchili; Jorge Mattamouros; Petr Polášek


I have worked extensively with the investment arbitration practice at White & Case. They provide outstanding services. The team consists of capable and talented lawyers with extensive expertise and experience in public international law and investment arbitration.’

The practice stands out for its ability to quickly and effectively deal with highly complex cases covering a huge documentary record and multiple legal issues. The team impresses with the efficient organization of its work, relentless effort to provide best defense and above all with its incredible rate of success.’

‘The overall level of service is excellent. White & Case has extensive expertise and experience in all types of arbitration cases before the most-renowned international arbitration institutions and in ad-hoc arbitrations.’

‘The team is knowledgeable, hard-working, efficient, well organized and with a fast-response time. White & Case is the best firm I have worked with.’

Abby Cohen Smutny stands out for her ability to understand the issues in dispute from a State’s prospective and, as a result, to present the best defense for sovereign clients. Her advocacy skills and strategic judgment surpass those of other lawyers I have worked with in international arbitration matters.’

‘We value the team’s personal attention to the case. Lawyers are very professional.’

‘Abby Cohen Smutny has excellent strategic thinking, and sound and reliable judgment. She impresses with her deep knowledge of public international law and international investment law, as well as with her extensive experience in international arbitration.’

I would also recommend Ank Santens, who is a very effective cross-examiner, and Petr Polášek, who is a knowledgeable and diligent lawyer.

Key clients

Gabriel Resources Ltd. and Gabriel Resources (Jersey) Ltd.

TECO Guatemala Holdings

Ioan Micula & Others

MetLife Inc., MetLife Servicios SA and MetLife Seguros de Retiro SA

Zurich Insurance Company Ltd., and Zurich South America Invest AB

Republic of Uzbekistan

Republic of Bulgaria

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Ministry of Justice, Republic of Korea

WeBuild (formerly Salini Impregilo S.p.A), Jan De Nul N.V., Grupo Unidos por el Canal, S.A.

Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Rutas de Lima

Mitsui & Co

Telefónica SA

WorleyParsons International, Inc.

Orazul International España Holdings S.L.

Work highlights

  • Representing Telefónica in two investment treaty claims against the Republic of Colombia and the Republic of Peru respectively.
  • Representing Gabriel Resources in an ICSID arbitration against Romania concerning Romania’s de facto expropriation of Gabriel’s rights to the Roşia Montană gold mining project.
  • Representing Grupo Unidos por el Canal (Panama), and its shareholders Salini Impregilo (Italy) and Jan De Nul (Belgium), in a dispute with the Panama Canal Authority relating to the $5.5bn Panama Canal infrastructure expansion project.

Arnold & Porter

Arnold & Porter’s premier sovereign state offering is reflected in its arbitration practice, where it is a popular choice to represent sovereign clients as respondents in investor-state disputes. The team’s strength in this sphere is evidenced by an impressive winning streak that has seen it secure 45 consecutive positive results in final awards or decisions for sovereign states in investment arbitrations. It also continues to make strides on the commercial arbitration front, with growing expertise in technology and life sciences proceedings. Among its recent commercial cases, San Francisco-based global department co-chair Maria Chedid acted alongside the firm’s Shanghai office to represent POSCO Energy in an ICC arbitration, seated in Singapore, initiated by FuelCell Energy. Washington DC-based Paolo Di Rosa co-heads the global international arbitration group and is a go-to specialist in representing states in complex investment treaty arbitrations. Di Rosa recently successfully defended South Korea against a $4.7bn claim in an ICSID arbitration. Other key contacts include New York’s Mélida Hodgson, who handles investor-state and commercial arbitration cases, and DC-based Whitney Debevoise, whose arbitration practice has a significant financial dimension.

Practice head(s):

Paolo Di Rosa; Maria Chedid

Other key lawyers:

Whitney Debevoise; Mélida Hodgson; Amy Endicott; Kabir Duggal

Key clients





Czech Republic

Korea (South Korea)





POSCO Energy

Samsung Electronics, Samsung Heavy Industries




Verisign, Inc.

Work highlights

  • Representing the Government of South Korea in defending the first treaty-based investment arbitration ever filed against Korea.
  • Acting as lead counsel to the Republic of Turkey in an ICSID arbitration initiated by Afkel Commodities and I-Systems Global under Turkey’s BITs with Singapore and the Netherlands.
  • Representing Peru in several separate international investor-state arbitrations.

Chaffetz Lindsey LLP

International arbitration is a core discipline at New York-based disputes boutique Chaffetz Lindsey LLP, and the firm's focus on the area translates into a comprehensive offering, both in terms of practice scope and geographical coverage. Particularly robust in representing companies–in both commercial and investor-state cases–the group also continues to strengthen its sovereign state expertise; such as its recent victory for the Czech Republic in an arbitration brought under UNCITRAL rules arising out of the country's alleged breach of the Czech Republic-UAE BIT. Group head James Hosking, valued for his 'commercial approach to issues', co-led the Czech Republic case alongside Yasmine Lahlou, whose recent experience has seen her advise on cases seated in Paris, Stockholm, Istanbul, and The Hague, among others. Caline Mouawad 'has a plan at every step of the way' and is representing Clorox Spain in its UNCITRAL arbitration against the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela under the Spain-Venezuela BIT. The group also draws on experienced specialists David Lindsey, who co-founded the firm, and Aníbal Sabater, whose practice has an emphasis on cases in the energy, construction, and financial spheres. Other recommended names include Andreas Frischknecht, noted for his 'commercial perspective', and Gretta Walters, who was recently promoted to partner.

Practice head(s):

James Hosking

Other key lawyers:

Caline Mouawad; Yasmine Lahlou; David Lindsey; Aníbal Sabater; Andreas Frischknecht; Gretta Walters


Chaffetz Lindsey provides outstanding value and service. It is one of the best firms I have worked with and I would not hesitate to recommend it to anyone needing practical, business-minded advice.’

The level of client service is exceptional – lawyers can always be relied upon to make themselves available/provide advice whenever necessary. In addition, they are very business and solution oriented. They are good at understanding the commercial sensitivities of cases.

I have complete trust in James Hosking and he is highly regarded in the arbitration world. I value his vast experience in arbitration and litigation, but equally his commercial approach to issues and focus on achieving the outcome that best suits the company’s needs at the time.’

I am always impressed at how quickly James Hosking can understand and become knowledgeable and versed in the business facts of the case and context of the case in the industry generally. In most cases he ends up knowing the business as well as the business people themselves.’

Andreas Frischknecht demonstrates the same level of professional ability and commercial perspective that we have come to expect from CL.’

Chaffetz Linsdsey has a fabulous international arbitration team. They are creative thinkers, understand arbitration, and have credibility in the arbitration community.’

CL puts a lot of hard work into their clients and it’s clear there was a lot of thought and attention paid to our case at every step.’

Caline Mouawad is fantastic and always attentive. She always thinks through issues and has a plan at every step of the way, but she is also happy to talk through issues and consider different ideas.

Key clients

The AES Corporation

APM Terminals Callao S.A

Clorox Spain S.L.

Czech Republic

Enel S.p.A

Eskenazi family

Grañá y Montero

The Government of the Cook Islands

IESA Oleo & Gas, S.A


Reti Televisive Italiane

SPI Energy

Stoneway Capital

Sustainable Bio Solutions Aabenraa K/S

Synohydro Costa Rica, Omega Construcciones, Desarrollos y Construcciones Urbanas and CAABSA Infraestructura

Tonopah Solar Energy, LLC

Work highlights

  • Successfully represented the Czech Republic in a dispute under UNCITRAL rules arising out of its alleged breach of the Czech Republic-UAE BIT.
  • Successfully represented the Nigerian National Petroleum Company in opposing enforcement of a $2.8bn arbitration award against the Nigerian subsidiaries of Shell and Exxon.
  • Represented AES Corporation in an ICSID arbitration against Argentina seeking $2bn in damages for breaches of the US-Argentina BIT.

Covington & Burling LLP

Covington & Burling LLP's existing relationship with the Government of Ukraine was pushed dramatically to the forefront in 2023. Among its many Ukraine-related cases, the team was appointed–on a pro bono basis–to represent the country in commencing proceedings against the Russian Federation before the International Court of Justice (ICJ), including a request that the ICJ order Russia to immediately suspend all military operations against Ukraine. Over the past year, the group has also acted for a string of corporate clients in both investor-state and commercial arbitrations, with notable activity in the energy, insurance, construction and telecoms spheres. In Washington DC, high-profile global practice co-chair Marney Cheek advises corporate, non-profit, and government clients on proceedings involving public international law, investment, and international trade. Cheek teamed up with Jonathan Gimblett, who splits his time between London and Washington DC, and Washington DC-based David Zionts to lead Ukraine's ICJ work. In New York, the 'practical and helpful' Nicole Duclos is a key contact. Other recommended names in DC include energy and insurance specialist Allan Moore, Miguel López Forastier, who co-heads the global problem-solving practice, and talented special counsel Clovis Trevino. Additionally, New York-based David Pinsky is noted for his niche expertise in representing foreign investors in Crimea following Russia’s annexation of the Crimean Peninsula in 2014.

Practice head(s):

Marney Cheek

Other key lawyers:

Nicole Duclos; Miguel López Forastier; Allan Moore; Jonathan Gimblett; David Pinsky; David Zionts; Erin Thomas; Clovis Trevino



‘Covington & Burling has great depth. The senior team (Nicole Duclos and Erin Thomas) were excellent. They assembled a terrific team that provided excellent work. The associates are well supervised.’

‘Marney Cheek and David Pinsky are outstanding practitioners—brilliant, creative, responsive, and personable. Their work product is uniformly excellent.’

‘Nicole Duclos has always been available to us, even though our organization worked with Covington & Burling on a pro bono basis. I always found Nicole’s advice to be practical and helpful.’

Key clients

Government of Ukraine, Ministry of Foreign Affairs


Eli Lilly & Company


Vulcan Materials Co.

Gruma S.A. de C.V.

DTEK Krymenergo PJSC

Telcell Wireless/ International Telcell Cellular

Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty’s Prague headquarters, RFE/RL, Inc.

Work highlights

  • Represented the Government of Ukraine on submitting an application initiating proceedings against the Russian Federation before the ICJ, including a request that it order Russia to suspend all military operations against Ukraine.
  • Represented Ukraine against the Russian Federation before the ICJ in relation to allegations that Russia failed to stop the financing of terrorism in eastern Ukraine.
  • Acted for Ukraine’s national energy company, Naftogaz, and six of its subsidiaries in a multibillion-dollar investment treaty claim against the Russian Federation over the seizure of assets in Crimea.

Curtis, Mallet-Prevost, Colt & Mosle LLP

Curtis, Mallet-Prevost, Colt & Mosle LLP‘s premier experience in representing sovereign states is a big draw for clients, who value its extensive knowledge of the ‘concerns and limitations of government or state entities made parties to arbitration‘. A leading performer in complex investor-state disputes–where it recently added three new sovereign clients to its roster including Mexico–the firm also houses a robust commercial arbitration practice spread across its US and international offices. Firm chairman George Kahale spearheads the global practice from New York and is widely revered for his record in prominent state-side representations. Among his recent cases, Kahale teamed up with Claudia Frutos-Peterson, who manages the Washington DC office, and Elisa Botero, who splits her practice between New York and Bogotá, to defend the Republic of Ecuador in proceedings initiated by a Singaporean company under the arbitration clause of an oil services contract with the Ministry of Petroleum. The group also includes tri-qualified up-and-coming specialist Simon Batifort, who works out of New York, Brussels and Paris, and Washington DC-based Borzu Sabahi, who is ‘straightforward in conveying the developments of a case‘.

Practice head(s):

George Kahale

Other key lawyers:

Claudia Frutos-Peterson; Elisa Botero; Simon Batifort; Hermann Ferré; Borzu Sabahi; Justin Jacinto; Guillermo Ulke; Andrew Larkin; Arianna Sánchez


Lawyers at Curtis are able to really appreciate the specific concerns of States that are made parties, usually as respondents, to international commercial arbitration. Our limitations as government or state entities are immediately noted and addressed accordingly.’

The team provides exceptional knowledge and expertise of international investment law and local law. The team includes people from developed and developing countries, which contributes to diversity in legal background and understanding of the business environment in developing countries.’

Within the Curtis team, Claudia Frutos-Peterson stands out. Frutos-Peterson has shown unwavering commitment to our legal needs and has demonstrated deep knowledge of international law and investment law.

We worked with George Kahale, Borzu Sabahi, and associate Andrew Larkin. All are really able to appreciate the concerns and limitations of government or state entities made parties to arbitration. They were also able to impart their knowledge and expertise to our local lawyers.

It was bliss working with Borzu Sabahi. He is straightforward in conveying the developments of a case. The outcomes to be expected and our options with the corresponding risks were clearly explained every step of the way. We felt his passion and attention to our case.’

It is a well-rounded team knowledge-wise, with diverse experience in legal matters.’

The team is up to speed with current technology, very efficient and result-oriented. Lawyers collaborate with world-renowned experts on technical matters and have a very good grasp of the industry.

The individuals we work with are very friendly and responsive. They are very experienced in conducting international arbitrations, including on very specialized and unique subjects in fact and in law. Justin Jacinto and Guillermo Ulke have been excellent.’

Key clients

Republic of Uzbekistan

Republic of Congo

United Mexican States

Republic of Ecuador

Argentine Republic

Republic of Colombia

Republic of Panama

State of Kuwait

Republic of Cyprus

Dominican Republic

Kingdom of Spain

Republic of Uganda

Republic of India

Republic of Kazakhstan

Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela/PDVSA

Work highlights

  • Representing the Republic of Cyprus in both investment treaty and commercial arbitrations.
  • Representing the State of Kuwait in investment treaty arbitrations, including in an ICSID arbitration related to alleged investments in the media and advertising services sector.
  • Acting for the United Mexican States in 13 investment disputes.

Foley Hoag LLP

Foley Hoag LLP stands out for its ‘excellent knowledge and skills in international arbitration, particularly investor-state arbitration‘. Certainly, the team has established itself among the preeminent sovereign-side practices, with its expertise in representing states before the ICJ standing out as a significant sweet spot; it is notably counsel in nearly half of the cases pending before the World Court. The group also handles a steady stream of commercial arbitration cases, where it acts for a mix of corporate entities and state-owned companies in contractual disputes. Since January 2023, Christina Hioureas (New York) and Constantinos Salonidis (Washington DC) and Diana Paraguacuto-Mahéo (Paris) co-chair the international litigation and arbitration department; Salonidis as well as Hioureas, who also chairs the United Nations group and provides advice that ‘cuts through the clutter‘, both specialize in representing sovereign states in complex multi-jurisdictional proceedings. The DC team includes Kenneth Figueroa and Clara Brillembourg, who together co-chair the Latin America practice; Derek Smith, who is noted for his specialist expertise in international boundary disputes; and capable international associate Sudhanshu Roy. Daniel Schimmel spearheads the practice in the New York office and strikes a balance between investor-state and commercial arbitration cases. Lawrence Martin continues to focus on representing sovereign states before various international courts.

Practice head(s):

Christina Hioureas; Diana Paraguacuto-Mahéo; Constantinos Salonidis

Other key lawyers:

Kenneth Figueroa; Daniel Schimmel; Clara Brillembourg; Derek Smith; Tafadzwa Pasipanodya; Sudhanshu Roy; Peter Tzeng; Lawrence Martin


The Foley Hoag team is highly cognizant of the business and legal concerns. Lawyers are readily available when required and communicate clearly and freely which is refreshing. The advice and work product tailored for international law and UNCITRAL is practical and inherently useful.’

It was a pleasure working with Christina Hioureas and her team on a highly complex, wide negotiation with a supranational organization. She provides exceptional legal input, which cuts through the clutter and yields the desired results.

The team shows excellent knowledge and skills in international arbitration, particularly investor-state arbitration. Although, it is a US firm, we find it easy to work with and lawyers appear to be very friendly yet professional.’

Key clients

Access Now



Air France



Bangladesh Power Development Board

Bangladesh Petroleum Exploration & Production Company Limited (BAPEX),

Bangladesh Oil Gas and Mineral Corporation (Petrobangla)

Bangladesh Telecom Regulatory Commission


Caña de Nicaragua, S.A.


Crédit Agricole / CACEIS (France)

Corporación Dominicana de Empresas Eléctricas Estatales (CDEEE) (Dominican Republic)





Econolog International

Estate of Victor Jara

Equatorial Guinea


Gambia / Republic of The Gambia

Gazprombank (Russia)


Greece/Hellenic Republic

Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America



International Conference of Asian American Political Parties

Jalalabad Gas Transmission and Distribution System Limited

Kanai Management Inc.

Laboratoires Pierre Fabre





Momotombo Power Company

Municipalidad Metropolitana de Lima





Orange SA



PeruPetro S.A.


Pierre Fabre Dermo-Cosmétique


Public Gas Corporation of Greece (DEPA)


Qatar Public Works Authority


Sierra Leone



Tajik Air






Work highlights

  • Successfully represented Peru in a $90m UNCITRAL arbitration under the US-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement.
  • Represented Nepal in its first-ever investment arbitration; an ICSID arbitration against Axiata Investments (UK) and Ncell Private under the 1993 UK-Nepal BIT.
  • Represented Chile in an ICSID arbitration arising from an interpretation of the concession contract for Santiago International Airport, in which the claimants allege the state should compensate for the economic impact of reduced passenger flows during Covid-19.

Three Crowns LLP

Global arbitration and international law specialist Three Crowns LLP is uniquely positioned to provide high-level representation in multinational commercial, investor-state, and state-to-state cases. Based out of Washington DC, the US team is distinguished by its ability to lean on equally dedicated groups in London, Paris and Singapore; additionally, its exclusive focus on international disputes also marks it as a popular choice to act alongside major firms in a co-counsel role. High-profile expert Luke Sobota is a go-to name for disputes involving the energy, technology and financial services spheres; he is notably leading the firm's representation of Chevron (as co-counsel alongside King & Spalding LLP) in an investment treaty arbitration concerning a $9.5bn judgment against Chevron issued by Ecuadorian courts. Other prominent names include Liz Snodgrass, who has played central roles in nearly 50 arbitrations, and Scott Vesel, who recently transferred to Washington DC from Bahrain. The department also benefits from a talented second line of counsels including Agustin Sanz, who has an emphasis on proceedings relating to Latin America, and Simon Consedine, whose practice has a focus on energy, construction, and private equity-related disputes.

Practice head(s):

Luke Sobota; Liz Snodgrass; Scott Vesel

Other key lawyers:

Agustin Sanz; Simon Consedine; Kimberly Larkin; Nicola Peart


Excellent specialist arbitration firm with leading individuals.

Liz Snodgrass provides excellent, timely advice, demonstrating a thorough understanding of the business – a business partner.’

Key clients



Republic of Chile



Sultanate of Oman

Chevron Corporation

Crescent Petroleum

Elliott Associates



Dana Gas

Rio Tinto

Kingdom of Bahrain

Work highlights

  • Acting for Chevron in its investment treaty arbitration concerning a $9.5bn judgment against Chevron issued by Ecuadorian courts.
  • Representing Elliott Associates in an investment claim brought under the US-Korea FTA arising from a major state corruption scandal.
  • Representing ContourGlobal’s subsidiary, KivuWatt, in an arbitration brought by Rwanda government-owned Rwanda Energy Group, as well as in a related counterclaim.

Baker Botts L.L.P.

Leveraging its strong oil and gas credentials, Houston-headquartered Baker Botts L.L.P. consistently represents global industry heavyweights in multi-jurisdictional arbitral proceedings, including major energy and construction companies. Outside of the energy space, the group has a growing international presence in the TMT sphere. New York's Andrew Behrman co-chairs the global international disputes group and handled a string of energy and EPC-related arbitrations over the past year, with recent activity in ICC, UNCITRAL and ICDR cases, among others. Senior counsel Michael Goldberg splits his time between Houston and New York and is an 'outstanding international advocate'; he continues to take the lead in complex cases, including recently advising on disputes under ICDR and AAA rules. The team also draws on New York-based special counsel Edward Schorr, who has a focus on energy disputes, and Vern Cassin, who operates from Washington DC and New York and has an emphasis on the media and energy sectors.

Practice head(s):

Andrew Behrman

Other key lawyers:

Michael Goldberg; Edward Schorr; Vern Cassin; Dustin Appel


Baker Botts has an excellent dispute resolution team, with highly motivated, disciplined and thorough lawyers. Their industry knowledge and ease with technical issues, experts and ease-of-navigation through rules of procedure are truly a cut above the rest.’

Andrew Behrman is an excellent lawyer. He is an effective communicator of ideas. He adds value right through formulation of legal strategy to stellar execution of the work. He is among the best in the industry. He is quick on the uptake and has an excellent disposition.’

‘Michael Goldberg is an outstanding international advocate. A potential client would be drawn to him.’

‘The two partners complement each other very well. One is quite tough in defending the client’s interests. The other is equally tough but tries to convey the message to the tribunal in a softer manner. It is a very subtle and wise version of good cop, bad cop.’

‘The quality of advice and representation in a dispute is the best I have seen in many years. The partners in the IDR group are deeply involved in each case: from the review of the first case materials to elaborating the case strategy and preparing witness for cross-examination.’

‘Baker Botts out smaller teams on a case than their rivals – this not only allows to keep the costs lower but also gives the entire team the full picture of the case, no nuances are lost.’

‘Johannes Koepp who leads the IDR Group is the most meticulous and yet innovative dispute resolution lawyer.’

‘Vern Cassin is brilliant in his ability to see the core of the dispute and find strong arguments from the early days of the matter.’

Key clients

Intercontinental Terminals Company

Oxbow Calcining LLC

Rocket Ball, Ltd.

Work highlights

    Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton

    Widely acknowledged for its record in Latin American disputes, Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton houses a global arbitration practice that is well versed in the full spread of arbitral rules, with a strong recent showing in ICC, ICDR and LCIA cases. Equally adept in advising corporate and sovereign clients, the team strikes a balance between international and investor-state arbitrations. It also stands out for its broad industry experience, with the wider firm’s full-service offering and extensive global platform positioning it well to handle matters across all key sectors, with notable expertise in energy and natural resources, financial services, and telecoms. New York-based global arbitration co-head Ari MacKinnon is commended by clients as a ‘unique top-class option for arbitration in Spanish language‘; he has a focus on international investment and commercial arbitration matters in Latin America. Jeffrey Rosenthal, also in New York, maintains a diverse arbitration practice spanning IP, sport, maritime, insurance, and investment-treaty disputes, among other issues.

    Practice head(s):

    Ari MacKinnon; Jeffrey Rosenthal

    Other key lawyers:

    Katie Gonzalez; Mark McDonald; Jonathan Blackman


    ‘Demonstrates the highest quality standards across the entire team.’

    ‘Ari MacKinnon is highly skilled for arbitration matters, vastly experienced in the oil and gas area, and his outstanding bilingual abilities keep him as a unique top-class option for arbitration in Spanish language.’

    Key clients

    Selex Galileo

    The Republic of Argentina

    Agfa-Gevaert Group

    The Arab Republic of Egypt

    BNP Securities Corp.

    Work highlights

      Hughes Hubbard & Reed LLP

      With extensive experience across the full range of international arbitration cases, Hughes Hubbard & Reed LLP is arguably best known for its expertise in the investment treaty space, particularly cases under ICSID, UNCITRAL and PCA rules. Primarily active on behalf of investors, the team also acts for sovereign states. The group additionally fields a thriving commercial arbitration practice, which represents corporate and state-owned companies, with a focus on the pharmaceutical, energy, infrastructure, and M&A spheres. In New York, Hagit Muriel Elul brings niche expertise in representing Asia-based companies. Elul paired up with Washington DC-based arbitration expert John Townsend to advise Beijing-headquartered BeiGene—acting as co-counsel alongside Goodwin—in a $1.2bn breach-of-contract claim against Bristol-Myers Squibb. Washington DC-based James H. Boykin co-heads the arbitration practice alongside Elul and also fronts the investment treaty arbitration group; his practice has an emphasis on state-to-state and investor-state cases. Other key names include New York's Daniel Weiner, who specializes in arbitration and IP disputes, while Diego Durán de la Vega, who co-chairs the Latin America practice, and Rémy Gerbay are noted in Washington DC.

      Practice head(s):

      Hagit Muriel Elul; James H. Boykin

      Other key lawyers:

      John Townsend; Daniel Weiner; Diego Durán de la Vega; Rémy Gerbay; Christine Kang; Meaghan Gragg; Malik Havalic; Eleanor Erney; Alexander Bedrosyan


      The team represented us in international arbitration in which we were sued based on an alleged breach of contract. HHR showed considerable expertise in developing a rigorous strategy to defend our argument.’

      The team comprised excellent individuals who had international backgrounds and were perfectly accustomed to work with non-U.S. clients. I strongly believe that its skills of legal analysis and intercultural diverse body distinguish HHR from other firms.’

      Hagit Muriel Elul and Meaghan Gragg have astonishing legal skills, such as abilities to analyze and sharpen arguments. Their straightforwardness made their arguments convincing to the arbitrators. Furthermore, their strong leadership also offered an effective and organized legal support to us.’

      HHR advises us not only in the US, but in many different countries such as Singapore, Switzerland, Germany and Greece, using local law firms, and is always a reliable, persuasive advisor whose recommendations we value highly. Service is extremely cooperative, uncomplicated, fast and absolutely reliable.’

      James Boykin leads a team of very dedicated colleagues who can produce and implement short-term analyses. The cooperation is extremely effective, absolutely uncomplicated and on a high legal level.’

      James Boykin understands how to balance different views, always keeping the client’s interests in mind. He has an extraordinary understanding of the internal processes in international companies and takes this into account in his advice.’

      High quality of advice, careful preparation of strategy and commitment to getting the best possible outcome for clients.

      Hagit Muriel Elul is an outstanding arbitration counsel.’

      Key clients

      Five Crimea-related arbitrations: Aeroport Belbek LLC and Igor Valerievich Kolomoisky v. The Russian Federation; PJSC CB PrivatBank and Finance Company Finilon LLC v. The Russian Federation; PJSC Ukrnafta v. The Russian Federatio; Stabil LLC et al. v. The Russian Federation; Everest Estate LLC et al. v. The Russian Federation

      BeiGene Ltd. and BeiGene Switzerland LLC

      Global Gaming Philippines LLC and GGAM Netherlands B.V.

      American Arbitration Association

      Yves Garnier

      The Republic of Equatorial Guinea

      Deutsche Telekom

      Sinopec International Petroleum Exploration and Production Company

      Imperial Pacific International LLC (IPI)

      Westwater Resources, Inc.

      FaZe Clan

      Arin Capital & Investment Corp. and Edmond Khudyan

      The Pellas Group/SER Corp (BVI)

      IBT Group LLC

      Work highlights

      • Represented Darren Indyke, co-executor of Jeffrey Epstein’s estate, in reaching an agreement with multiple claimants’ counsel and the US Virgin Islands attorney general concerning a multimillion-dollar program to compensate sexual abuse victims of the late financier.
      • Secured a victory for Global Gaming Asset Management when the Singapore High Court upheld in its entirety a $296m arbitration award issued in 2019 concerning a dispute with a gaming resort owner in the Philippines.
      • Represented Ukrainian investors in five arbitrations against the Russian Federation under the Russia-Ukraine BIT arising out of measures carried out after the Russian annexation of Crimea.

      Norton Rose Fulbright US LLP

      Norton Rose Fulbright‘s team is distinguished by clients for its ability to ‘put the client in the best position to achieve its commercial goals‘. The group’s core strength in commercial arbitration is underpinned by significant experience in investment treaty-related matters, particularly cases under ICSID and UNCITRAL rules. A strong performer worldwide, the firm’s generous domestic and global network ensures it is well-placed to advise on cases involving North America, Europe, Asia and the Middle East, among others, while its industry expertise is equally comprehensive. Houston-based Mark Baker chairs the practice globally and has notched up a premier track record in energy and natural resources-related cases. Also in Houston, US head of international arbitration Kevin O’Gorman is noted for his experience in commercial, energy, sovereign, treaty and projects disputes. In New York, co-head of insurance Mina Matin is recognized for her specialist expertise in Bermuda Form arbitrations. Additionally, Washington DC’s Matthew Kirtland is ‘innovative in the arguments he develops‘, while San Francisco-based Katie Connolly is a ‘superb rising associate‘.

      Practice head(s):

      Mark Baker; Kevin O’Gorman

      Other key lawyers:

      Mina Matin; Matthew Kirtland; Katie Connolly


      Outstanding experience in international arbitration and litigation. The team is totally focused on managing the dispute to put the client in the best position to achieve its commercial goals. The commitment, including working at highly unsocial hours to accommodate different time zones, is second to none.’

      Matthew Kirtland is a star. He is a hands-on partner, fully engaged in the detail and innovative in the arguments he develops and strategies he adopts. He is also a skilled oral advocate. His cross-examination comes across as eminently reasonable, which makes the effect all the more devastating.’

      Katie Connolly is a superb rising associate, fully committed and and highly knowledgeable.

      A Great team. Responsive, good value billing and greatly collaborative.’

      Joseph Graham is exceptional and super responsive to client needs. We also recommend Kevin O’Gorman and associate Erin Formby.

      Key clients

      The Republic of Kazakhstan


      Global Consulting and Mechanical Services LLC

      Work highlights

      • Representing the Republic of Kazakhstan in connection with multiple enforcement proceedings arising from a $500m Energy Charter Treaty award issued in a contested SCC matter.
      • Representing Global Consulting and Mechanical Services in a SIAC arbitration and related litigation in Singapore and Vietnam.
      • Representing a Woodside subsidiary in contentious post-award proceedings in Texas state court in Houston.

      Quinn Emanuel Urquhart & Sullivan, LLP

      Lawyers at Quinn Emanuel Urquhart & Sullivan, LLP 'want to win and win big', according to satisfied clients. As a central plank in the wider firm's signature dispute resolution offering, the international arbitration group can draw on specialists across all of its offices, including in key arbitration centers such as London, Paris, Geneva, Hong Kong and New York. With experience in the full scope of commercial, investor-state and state-to-state cases, the team is also highly equipped to advise on the global enforcement–and challenge–of arbitral awards. Chair of the US and Latin America practice, David Orta is 'astonishingly brilliant' and splits his time between Washington DC and Miami. As a former attorney-adviser in the Office of the Legal Adviser of the Department of State, New York-based Mark McNeill has extensive experience in representing private parties and states in commercial and investment-treaty arbitrations. Other key contacts include New York's Michael Young KC, who has a focus on energy, construction and infrastructure disputes, and Washington DC-based partners Daniel Salinas-Serrano, Dawn Yamane Hewett and Lucas Loviscek.

      Practice head(s):

      David Orta; Michael Young KC; Mark McNeill; Daniel Salinas-Serrano; Dawn Yamane Hewett; Lucas Loviscek

      Other key lawyers:

      Julianne Jaquith


      QEU&S lawyers’ are among the brightest minds in the world in law. We have worked with other top lawyers and law firms, and the quality of work performed surpasses that of any other firm we have worked with.

      The team we have worked with over the past 7 years is the most diverse team we have worked with in law. The team is from all over the world, with a blend of men and women of various ages. I feel this diversity leads to a stronger overall product, as people speak up and share their viewpoints.’

      The team is aggressive. They want to win and win big, and I have every confidence that they have thought through all aspects of a case to present and defend it in the best possible manner. They work well as a team, with clients, witnesses and experts.’

      Key clients

      Gordon G. Burr, Erin J. Burr, John Conley, Neil Ayervais, Deana Anthone, Douglas Black, Howard Burns, Mark Burr, David Figueiredo, Louis Fohn, Debbie Lombardi, Scott Lowery, Thomas Malley, Ralph Pittman, Dan Rudden, Peg Rudden, Robert E. Sawdon, Randall Taylor, James H. Watson, Jr., B-Mex, LLC, B-Mex II, LLC, Oaxaca Investments, LLC, Palmas South, LLC, B-Cabo, LLC, Colorado Cancún, LLC, Santa Fe Mexico Investments, LLC, Caddis Capital, LLC, Diamond Financial Group, Inc., LLC, Family Vacation Spending, LLC, Financial Visions, Inc., J. Johnson Consulting, LLC, J. Paul Consulting, Las KDL, LLC, Mathis Family Partners, Ltd., Palmas Holdings, Inc., Trude Fund II, LLC, Trude Fund III, LLC, and Victory Fund, LLC v. the United Mexican States

      Redwood Capital Management, LLC, on behalf of certain funds and accounts it manages or advises; Avenue Europe International Management, L.P., on behalf of certain funds that it manages; BlueMountain Capital Management, LLC; NB Distressed Debt Investment Fund Limited; NB Distressed Debt Master Fund LP; Beach Point Capital Management L.P.; Glendon Capital Management LP; ING Bank; Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria; Bankia, S.A.; Caixabank, S.A.Haitong Investment Ireland, P.L.C.; ; Banco Santander, S.A.; SC Lowy; and CarVal Investors

      Alicia Grace, Ampex Retirement Master Trust, Apple Oaks Partners, LLC; Cambria Ventures, LLC; Carlos Williamson-Nasi, Axis Oil Field Services, S. de R.I. de C.V.; Axis Oil Field Holding, S. de. R.I. de C.V.; Clue, S.A. de C.V.; Carolyn Grace Baring; Diana Grace Beard; Floradale Partners, LLC; Frederick Grace; Frederick J. Warren; Gary Olson; Genevieve T. Irwin; Genevieve T. Irwin 2002 Trust; Gerald L. Parsky; John N. Irwin III; José Antonio Cañedo-White; Fideicomiso 305952; Nicholas Grace; Oliver R. Grace, III; ON% Investments, LLC; Rainbow Fund, L.P.; Robert M. Witt; Vista Pros, LLC; Virginia Grace; and other European investors

      United Group BV, Adria Serbia Holdco BV & Serbia Broadband v The Republic of Serbia

      Rasia v. Armenia

      The Estate of Julio Miguel Orlandini-Agreda; Compañía Minera Orlandini Ltda.

      Peruvian Sporting Goods S.A.C. (“PSG”), Rodrigo Xavier Ribadeneira Parducci, Superdeporte Plus Peru S.A.C

      Cairn Energy v India

      DP World Limited

      Schindler Holding AG

      Alverley & Germen v. Romania

      Work highlights

        Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom LLP

        Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom LLP combines a dominant commercial arbitration practice with a prominent investor-state offering. In terms of the latter, the group is particularly active on behalf of investors but also continues to record a growing volume of state-side mandates. Routinely acting under all major arbitral rules, the team is distinguished by its broad industry scope, which spans the aerospace, TMT, energy, life sciences, construction and financial services spheres, among others. From New York, John Gardiner heads the international litigation and arbitration group globally; he frequently represents major multinational corporations in commercial and investor-state proceedings. Julie Bédard, who operates between New York and São Paulo, heads the group for the Americas; she recently paired up with New York-based Jennifer Permesly to represent Brazil's Embraer in three multibillion-dollar arbitral proceedings against The Boeing Company. Timothy Nelson and Gregory Litt are also noted for international arbitration in New York. Lea Haber Kuck recently retired.

        Practice head(s):

        John Gardiner; Julie Bédard

        Other key lawyers:

        Jennifer Permesly; Timothy Nelson; Gregory Litt


        WilmerHale sets itself apart through its cross-office approach to international arbitration, which sees the US team act hand-in-hand with its premier London practice to provide seamless cross-border firepower in multi-jurisdictional disputes. Well weighted between commercial and investor-state cases, the group is particularly recognized for its expertise in IP-related proceedings, where it can lean on the wider firm's thriving IP disputes offering. Rachael Kent is vice-chair of the global department and has recently represented major corporations in commercial and investor-state arbitrations involving the life sciences, technology and infrastructure sectors, among others. Other recommended names include Danielle Morris, who is noted for her strong recent experience in investment-treaty arbitrations, and John Trenor, who paired up with the London office to handle a string of major multi-jurisdictional disputes over the past year. All named partners are based in Washington DC. John Pierce recently left the practice, while special counsel James Carter retired.

        Practice head(s):

        Rachael Kent

        Other key lawyers:

        Danielle Morris; John Trenor; David Bowker


        We value the team for its depth, depth, depth!

        The team now boasts many leading and diverse names in addition to Gary Born in London, with stand-outs including Rachael Kent, Danielle Morris and David Bowker.’


        BakerHostetler acts for an array of multinational corporations, sovereign governments, private investors and  international organizations on the full range of commercial, investor-state and state-to-state disputes. The group is active worldwide, with an increasingly prominent Latin America offering steered by Washington DC-based Analia Gonzalez. From Washington DC, Mark Cymrot spearheads the overarching international arbitration department, while Houston-based Sashe Dimitroff heads the international commercial arbitration unit, and Kenneth Reisenfeld leads the investor-state practice. The group also draws on the senior expertise of international litigation head, Gonzalo Zeballos. The team was recently boosted by several junior arrivals, including associate Mary Kate Wagner, formerly Deputy Counsel with the Secretariat of the International Court of Arbitration of the ICC.

        Practice head(s):

        Mark Cymrot; Sashe Dimitroff; Analia Gonzalez; Kenneth Reisenfeld; Gonzalo Zeballos

        Other key lawyers:

        Mary Kate Wagner; Marco Molina; Paul Levine


        The team has a more senior group of partners with a very rich experience, but also a younger group of partners who are extremely effective, diverse, and with great commercial skills. They are true team players, with the main focus on reaching the best possible result for their clients.’

        It is a joy to work with Sashe Dimitroff. He is both practical and effective, and gets things done. He is also great at finding opportunities, setting up and leading teams, and quickly gains the trust of his clients. His cross-examination skills are superb.’

        Sashe Dimitroff is highly experienced in oil and gas related disputes. he is an excellent advocate and has an eye for attractive presentation of tricky points.’

        Marco Molina and Sashe Dimitroff are brilliant and hard-working.

        Kenneth Reisenfeld is an outstanding lawyer with excellent analytical skills. Very reliable and pleasant to work with.’

        Key clients

        Latam Hydro LLC and CH Mamacocha [owned by former eBay executives]

        China Telecom Global and China Telecom (Americas) Corp.

        ITG Brands LLC., Commonwealth Brands Inc., Liggett Group LLC, Japan Tobacco U.S.A. Inc., and others

        True Blue Development, Limited

        Resolute Forest Products, Inc.

        Westmoreland Coal Company

        Empresa Siderurgica Del Mutun

        Hydra-Pro Dutch Harbor, Inc.

        Pyrotek, Inc.

        Evoqua Water Technologies, LLC, successor to Siemens Industry, Inc.

        Superior Energy Services, Inc. (as well as its subsidiaries Superior Energy LLC and Integrated Products Services)

        Work highlights

        • Representing Latam Hydro and its Peruvian subsidiary in an $80m investment dispute with the Republic of Peru relating to violations of the US-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement.
        • Representing True Blue Development in a $99m ICSID arbitration against the Government of Grenada regarding assertions that the Government blocked efforts to construct a five-star luxury resort on the island.
        • Representing numerous tobacco companies in a series of arbitrations regarding a downward adjustment to settlement payments.

        Baker McKenzie LLP

        Baker McKenzie LLP's sharp focus on the energy, mining, infrastructure, financial institutions, and leisure and tourism industries pays dividends, with the practice routinely engaged to represent major multinational companies in those sectors. The group's strong global outlook is another key asset for clients, and it frequently staffs multi-jurisdictional proceedings with cross-office teams. New York-based Andrew Riccio co-chairs the North American international arbitration group and has a focus on energy-related matters. The group also draws on Houston-based senior counsel Brendan Cook, who has strong experience in the construction and energy spheres, and Dallas-based Eugenie Rogers, whose practice has an emphasis on cases concerning Europe and the Middle East. Kyle Olson left the firm in 2022.

        Practice head(s):

        Andrew Riccio

        Other key lawyers:

        Brendan Cook; Eugenie Rogers; Matthew Allison; David Zaslowsky


        Capacity to lead the mediation. Know how to control the process. Lawyers are trustworthy and demonstrate good communication.

        An excellent team, particularly Eugenie Rogers.’

        Key clients

        Aroma Espresso Bar

        Fluor Corporation

        Marriott International

        Work highlights

        • Represented Aroma Franchise Company, Inc and Aroma USA, Inc in defending arbitral award enforcement proceedings filed in Florida by a former franchisee, Aroma Espresso Bar Canada, Inc.
        • Successfully represented Fluor in defending $6bm worth of claims brought by Boskalis, resulting in a final award that ordered the claimant to pay Fluor nearly $700,000.
        • Represented Marriott in enforcing a $13m SCC arbitral award against the owner of the former W Hotel in St. Petersburg, Russia.

        Clifford Chance

        Split between its Washington DC and New York platforms, Clifford Chance's US international arbitration team additionally utilizes the firm's extensive global footprint to frequently link up with specialists in London, Paris, Madrid and Hong Kong. The group continues to act on a growing volume of investor-state cases for major corporations–with a particular focus on Latin America-related work–while it also houses a robust commercial arbitration practice. In Washington DC, newly promoted partner José García Cueto is 'detail-oriented, strategic, objective and straightforward'; he is recommended for his experience in Latin America-related cases. New York-based Anthony Candido is noted for his track record in commercial arbitration.

        Practice head(s):

        José García Cueto

        Other key lawyers:

        Anthony Candido


        We recommend the firm for its knowledge, accessibility and efficiency.’

        José García Cueto is detail-oriented, strategic, objective and straightforward.

        Good rates. Efficiency.

        José García Cueto is the best attorney of their generation: fast, accurate and convincing. He is very young and he is already partner and leading the LATAM arbitration practice in Clifford Chance.’

        Key clients

        Odebrecht Latinvest S.À.R.L.

        Crocus Nano Electronics

        Enel Fortuna, S.A.

        Ingeniería Estrella, S.A.

        OEC, S.A.

        Steag GmbH

        Grupo Gloria


        EDF International

        Enel Colombia S.A. (formerly ESSA2 SpA) and Enel Green Power Costa Rica S.A.

        Work highlights

        • Representing a Luxembourg investor in a $1.8bn ICSID arbitration investment claim concerning the termination of a pipeline concession.
        • Representing Enel Fortuna in an ICSID arbitration with the Republic of Panama regarding its investment in the energy sector.
        • Representing ESSA2 SpA and Enel Green Power Costa Rica in an ICSID dispute against Costa Rica relating to investment treaty violations.

        Cooley LLP

        Over the past year, Cooley LLP's increasingly prominent international arbitration practice added a raft of new clients, with Coinbase and Zoom recently joining longstanding clients such as Google and Jazz Pharmaceuticals. Aside from its ability to leverage the wider firm's institutional strengths in the technology and life sciences sectors, the group is also well equipped to handle disputes in the construction, professional services, and energy and resources spheres. New York-based Rachel Thorn fronts the group and acts on a diverse spread of commercial and investor-state cases. Next-generation partner Marc Suskin, also in New York, has a growing reputation for his broad arbitration focus.

        Practice head(s):

        Rachel Thorn

        Other key lawyers:

        Marc Suskin; Jason File


        Phenomenal practitioners that are pragmatic but are also able to get into the details on complex industry issues. Also has a significant amount of partner touch points, where the partners truly run the cases and opine on issues at all key levels. Marc Suskin and Rachel Thorn are fantastic.’

        Key clients

        Coinbase, Inc.

        GENFIT SA


        Jazz Pharmaceuticals

        Odyssey Marine Exploration


        Poseida Therapeutics

        Seagen Inc.

        Vir Biotechnology

        X4 Pharmaceuticals


        Work highlights

        • Representing Odyssey Marine Exploration in an arbitration brought under Chapter 11 of NAFTA against Mexico.

        Dechert LLP

        Lawyers at Dechert LLP ‘operate in a result-oriented manner by targeting significant and striking points‘, according to clients. With a track record of success in both commercial and investor-state cases, the team acts for a diverse mix of corporate and sovereign clients in arbitral, enforcement and annulment proceedings. Arif H. Ali, who splits his practice between Washington DC and London, co-chairs the global group and has strong recent experience in the energy and natural resources, construction, hospitality, and internet governance spheres, among others. Alexandre de Gramont, who led on several state-side investment-related arbitrations over the past year, and associate David Attanasio are also noted in Washington DC.

        Practice head(s):

        Arif H. Ali

        Other key lawyers:

        Alexandre de Gramont; David Attanasio


        The team is quite successful in understanding complex conflicts and conveying them in writing, while tailoring the story according to the audience, especially when it comes to funding arbitration cases.’

        It is great that lawyers operate in a result-oriented manner by targeting significant and striking points, especially in investment arbitration cases, which might involve complex party interactions and large claims.

        Key clients

        MOL Hungarian Oil and Gas PLC (MOL)

        AsiaPhos Limited

        The Republic of Poland

        The Dominican Republic

        The Republic of Ecuador

        Altanovo (formerly known as Afilias USA, Inc.)

        Work highlights

        • Representing MOL Hungarian Oil and Gas in an ICSID arbitration against Croatia under the Energy Charter Treaty, in a dispute concerning Croatia’s treatment of MOL’s investment exceeding $1bn.
        • Representing Singaporean investors, AsiaPhos and Norwest Chemicals, in an investor-state arbitration against the People’s Republic of China concerning measures taken in its phosphate mining sector.
        • Secured a victory for Altanovo Domains (formerly Afilias USA) against the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers.

        DLA Piper LLP (US)

        DLA Piper LLP (US) scores highly with clients for its advice that ‘marries legal acumen to business sophistication‘. The growing practice recently added new clients across a diverse spread of sectors, including energy, financial services, and manufacturing. Global group co-chair Kate Brown de Vejar splits her time between New York and Mexico and acts on a broad range of commercial and investment arbitration cases; she successfully represented the Republic of Lithuania in an investment treaty case brought by a Russian fund in respect of the nationalization of Bankas Snoras. New York-based Kiera Gans is noted as ‘incredible in her focus on the client‘.

        Practice head(s):

        Kate Brown de Vejar

        Other key lawyers:

        Kiera Gans; James Berger; Charlene Sun


        ‘They are not only excellent lawyers, but have a keen business sense, recognize the realities in the commercial space and provide top-notch advice that marries legal acumen to business sophistication.’

        ‘The DLA team takes a practical approach to litigation and enforcement. Unlike many lawyers in the space, they do not get overly bogged down in the legalese; rather, they provide straightforward advice that caters to business professionals.’

        During the proceedings, DLA Piper exhibited minute knowledge about how incremental regulatory changes affected our industry and the company, and how these changes were subject to various international agreements and treaties.’

        Specifically regarding collaboration, the team were always quick to respond by either phone or email, they listened to concerns and incorporated client suggestions, if those suggestions made sense. In cases where client suggestions didn’t make sense, they spent time explaining why.’

        From a diversity standpoint, the team was truly international, and the three main partners were women. I have never seen, and I think it would be unusual at other firms to see, team leadership comprised as such.’

        ‘Kate Brown de Vejar is amazing. She is at the top of her game and it showed during the tribunal proceedings. Her understanding of client needs and issues, her sense of teamwork and leadership, and her grasp of the industry, company, and case overall was outstanding.’

        Kiera Gans was incredible in her focus on the client, their needs, and how to bring the case forward in a way that was most advantageous. Her communication skills both in working with clients and the other teams in this case was exceptional.’

        Key clients

        Government of the Republic of Lithuania

        Gebre LLC

        Cube Infrastructure Fund SICAV

        Olin Holdings Ltd.

        Rusoro Mining Ltd.

        Third Eye Capital Corporation

        Sanofi-Aventis Deutschland, GmbH

        Work highlights

        • Secured a victory for the Republic of Lithuania in an investment treaty case brought by a Russian fund in respect of the nationalization of Bankas Snoras.
        • Obtained a victory for Gebre against Kyrgyzstan, confirming a $15m arbitration award plus $3m in legal costs to the assignee of Canadian-based Stans Energy and its subsidiary.
        • Successfully defended Sanofi-Aventis in a JAMS arbitration in connection with a $37m breach of contract lawsuit filed by Lexicon Pharmaceuticals.

        Eversheds Sutherland

        Eversheds Sutherland finds favor for its broad global outlook, with one satisfied client testifying that its 'resources stretch across the world'. The group is active in commercial, investment, and enforcement cases involving more than 50 countries worldwide, where it acts for a mix of companies, investors and sovereign states on disputes spanning all key economic sectors. From New York, Meriam Nazih Al-Rashid co-chairs the global international arbitration practice and also fronts the Latin America arbitration group; she continues to represent Honwood Services in proceedings arising from Poland’s Ministry of Environment’s treatment of its potash mining project. In Washington DC, cross-border litigation and international commercial arbitration head William O’Brien and key partner John Lomas 'provide practical solutions'.

        Practice head(s):

        Meriam Nazih Al-Rashid; William O’Brien

        Other key lawyers:

        John Lomas; Ulyana Bardyn; Levon Golendukhin


        The Eversheds Sutherland International Arbitration Team comprises very knowledgeable and truly international, in terms of outlook and experience, individuals.’

        Lawyers combine hands-on real experience from conducting arbitrations under all major institutional arbitration regimes (ICC, LCIA, ICSID, REGIONAL etc) in all possible economic sectors.

        Their resources stretch across the world. I have met teams in Washington, Dublin, Paris, Brussels and London and have always been impressed by the resources (legal research technology, data basis, cross references).

        Specific individuals from the Washington office, include William O’Brien, who is both a practitioner with world reach and an academic, and John Lomas, who is perhaps the most organized arbitration lawyer I have come across.’

        What makes this practice unique is that it gets on and does the job. Lawyers provide sound advice, but are also prepared to listen to the client’s commercial considerations, particularly Meriam Nazih Al-Rashid, associate Levon Golendukhin and Ulyana Bardyn.’

        A solid bonded team, with excellent coordination among the team members.

        William O’Brien and John Lomas are very responsive, provide practical solutions, are excellent litigators and conduct excellent analysis of cases.

        William O’Brien is an outstanding professional in the international arbitration field. He is conscientious, intelligent and diligent. He is polite, friendly and a pleasure to encounter.’

        Key clients

        Honwood Services

        Future Pipe International

        Symbion Energy Holdings

        Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Colombia

        Work highlights

        • Representing Honwood Services in an approximately €1.4bn dispute arising out of Poland’s Ministry of Environment’s treatment of Honwood’s potash mining project.
        • Representing Future Pipe International in a $240m investment treaty case against the Arab Republic of Egypt arising out of Egypt’s Ministry of Housing’s introduction of a series of decrees.
        • Representing the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Colombia on issues of human rights and, specifically, on the State’s engagement with ongoing negotiations for the international treaty on business and human rights.

        Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher

        Over the past year, Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher LLP handled a string of prominent arbitrations, with a strong pipeline of Venezuela-related investor-state disputes. Largely split between New York and Washington DC, the US practice also benefits from its ability to draw on well-staffed teams in London and Paris for support in multi-jurisdictional proceedings. Rahim Moloo steers the US international arbitration group from New York and combines strength in arbitral and enforcement matters. Moloo acted alongside New York's Lindsey Schmidt to represent two subsidiaries of Liberty Mutual in a claim against the Government of Venezuela, arising under the Spain-Venezuela and UK-Venezuela BITs. Washington DC-based of counsel Ankita Ritwik has growing experience across a range of commercial, investor-state and enforcement cases.

        Practice head(s):

        Rahim Moloo

        Other key lawyers:

        Lindsey Schmidt; Ankita Ritwik; Charline Yim

        Key clients

        Crystallex International Corporation


        Liberty Mutual

        Exelon Corporation

        Angel Samuel Seda et al.

        Corral Morocco Holdings



        Global Telecom Holdings

        Yukos Capital

        Work highlights

          Herbert Smith Freehills

          Noted for its 'excellent breadth of talent and experience in the investor-state arbitration space', Herbert Smith Freehills also handles a significant volume of high-stakes commercial arbitration cases. Forming a key part of the firm's thriving global arbitration practice, the New York-based team likewise leverages the wider firm's strong reputation in the energy and construction spheres. US practice head Christian Leathley additionally leads the Latin America group and is recognized for his expertise in both commercial and investment arbitration, particularly in the energy, infrastructure and mining sectors. Amal Bouchenaki, commended for her 'multilingual, multicultural and multi-jurisdictional expertise', also advises on an array of international commercial and investor-state cases.

          Practice head(s):

          Christian Leathley; Amal Bouchenaki

          Other key lawyers:

          Florencia Villaggi


          Herbert Smith Freehill’s international arbitration practice in New York has an excellent breadth of talent and experience in the investor-state arbitration space. This expertise, coupled with client sensitive case management and billing practices, is a breath of fresh air when compared to other large firms.’

          Herbert Smith Freehills provide a comprehensive budget estimate for their work at the beginning of a project and a very useful client dashboard to monitor progress and allow access to key documents etc as the case progresses, which I find to be a very useful tool.’

          Amal Bouchenaki is a thorough and thoughtful practitioner who is always willing to go the extra mile to do her best for her clients. Her multilingual, multicultural and multi-jurisdictional expertise is a key advantage in the international arbitration space, both commercial and investor-state.

          Key clients

          Andes Petroleum Ecuador Ltd (“Andes”)

          Chevron Corporation

          Republic of Italy

          Work highlights

          • Represented Andes Petroleum Ecuador in an arbitration in which Andes recovered its 40% share of a $1bn arbitral award from Occidental Exploration and Production Company.
          • Represented Chevron Corporation in its defense against an $18bn sham arbitral award issued against Chevron and Saudi Aramco by a corrupt arbitration center in Egypt.
          • Represented the Republic of Italy in relation to two enforcement actions in the US courts.

          Jones Day

          Among Jones Day‘s key attributes, clients highlight its seamless cross-border approach to case management, with its attorneys ‘capable of dealing with disputes in every corner of the planet‘. The team represents corporate, investor and sovereign clients across a broad scope of commercial and investor-state cases, with notable experience in the construction, technology, pharmaceutical, aerospace, and energy and natural resources spheres. Key names in Washington DC include global disputes specialist Gregory Shumaker, who became firm managing partner in November 2022, and ‘superhero in investment arbitrationMelissa Gorsline, who is noted for her record in public international law and treaty-based disputes. In San Francisco, seasoned counsel Steven Smith and recently promoted partner Paul Hines are recommended.

          Practice head(s):

          Gregory Shumaker

          Other key lawyers:

          Melissa Gorsline; Steven Smith; Paul Hines; Maria Pradilla Picas


          One of the best US-based legal teams I have worked with on international arbitration cases in recent times. Three areas stand out: outstanding case management strategy, amazing tenacity and a very welcome collaborative approach.’

          Jones Day was chosen among similar large, strong and experienced teams and the choice proved very successful. I do not want to name its fee policy as “flexible” in a standard way; rather, it approached fees in a very humane way, something you typically neither get, nor expect, from US legal powerhouses.’

          The team works across offices in different jurisdiction seamlessly. The team has extensive connections to local counsels in less common jurisdictions, who are very capable and whose involvement helps control the budget.’

          Melissa Gorsline is a magician of cross-examination. Her thoroughness, preparedness and agility during witness testimonies is astounding.’

          Very deep, multilingual, multicultural, highly trained staff of attorneys capable of dealing with disputes in every corner of the planet. We worked with Melissa Gorsline and associate Maria Pradilla Picas.’

          Melissa Gorsline is a superhero in investment arbitration. Yet, extremely humble. Has a wealth of experience in the field but is keen to go down to the level of a client (who faces investment arbitration first time in his life) to guide him almost by hand.’

          Paul Hines is not just a promising young lawyer but really does all the right things in order to become an experienced practitioner, which in his case showed a lot of sacrifice with working around the clock to move the case forward.

          A great spread of knowledge, from local market requirements to international matters. Melissa Gorsline is a great strategist and concentrates on real client needs.

          Key clients

          World Wide Minerals Ltd.

          Gold Pool JV Limited

          Omega Engineering LLC

          Windoor AS

          Mr. Abed El Jaouni

          Work highlights

            Latham & Watkins

            In 2022, Latham & Watkins significantly strengthened its US international arbitration capability with the hire of new global department co-chair John Pierce. New York-based Pierce, who joined from WilmerHale, has broad experience in representing clients in institutional and ad hoc arbitrations seated in both common and civil law jurisdictions. Counsel Santiago Bejarano, also based in New York, is dual New York- and Colombia-qualified and is noted for his emphasis on Latin America-related work. The growing team also brings to bear extensive international resources, with the ability to work alongside arbitration specialists in Paris and London.

            Practice head(s):

            John Pierce

            Other key lawyers:

            Santiago Bejarano


            ‘An excellent team, one of the most visible and influential in the market. Very proactive, extremely knowledgeable and professional. Always a pleasure working with them!’

            ‘John Pierce is an outstanding practitioner, who is always hands on. An excellent proactive team with great communication skills.’

            ‘I have been adverse to the Latham team in several case and also arbitrated some disputes in which they acted for one of the parties. They are thoughtful, persistent, and very well rounded lawyers.’

            ‘John Pierce: precise and reliable in his explanations. Santiago Bejarano: an up-and-coming talent.’

            ‘An excellent team with an excellent addition of John Pierce from WilmerHale in 2022. John is a perceptive and sharp counsel.’

            ‘Very diligent, deep analysis, winning strategies, disciplined review of evidence, experienced management of the practice, excellent relationship with clients, among others, are reasons that broadly explain the firm’s success in the field.’

            ‘This is a well established team with talented lawyers, who are able to attend to highly complex matters.’

            ‘Santiago Bejarano is one of the smartest lawyers I have ever worked with. He is client oriented and has experience in several law systems. To achieve the best possible results, he always proposes creative solutions. He is young but you do not notice it; he seems so much older due to his vast experience.’

            Key clients

            Uni-Top Asia Investment Limited

            ZF Automotive US, Inc.

            Strabag SE

            Novenergia Il Energy & Environment, (SCA), SICAR

            Live Nation

            Dominican Republic

            Work highlights

            • Representing Uni-Top in a proceeding against Sinopec International Petroleum Exploration and Production in which Uni-Top seeks to confirm an arbitral award that was previously vacated by the Fourth Intermediate People’s Court in Beijing, China.
            • Representing the Dominican Republic in an arbitration brought by EnviroGold (Las Lagunas) in relation to the Dominican Republic’s alleged violations of an investment agreement.
            • Advising Strabag SE in the first ICSID arbitration ever brought against Libya.

            Mayer Brown

            Attracting praise for its 'deep knowledge and experience in the field', Mayer Brown's international arbitration practice routinely represents corporations and governmental bodies before the main international arbitration institutions worldwide. The group's expansive domestic platform takes in seats in New York, Chicago, Houston, Washington DC, and Los Angeles, while it also benefits from the ability to link up with teams throughout the firm's global network. New York-based US group head Ted Howes maintains a broad practice, with an emphasis on proceedings related to international M&A, joint venture and distribution disputes. Houston's Michael Lennon has a focus on cases involving the energy, natural resources, and construction sectors.

            Practice head(s):

            Ted Howes

            Other key lawyers:

            Michael Lennon; Luc Mitchell; Jennifer Huang


            The team is very competent and has a deep knowledge and experience in the field. They are always available to clarify any doubt raised. They quickly understood the matter, which was quite technical and complex. They keep us updated all the time.’

            Ted Howes and Michael Lennon are very hands on and able to attend all our needs and concerns. Associates Luc Mitchell and Jennifer Huang complete the team. Their professional skills are outstanding. The drafts and attention to details are second to none.’

            Key clients

            Lion Mexico Consolidated L.P.

            Capri Sun GmbH and Capri Sun Group Holding

            Solvay S.A.

            Nestlé USA and Nestlé Middle East

            Work highlights

            • Represented a multinational beverage brand in an ICDR arbitration against a US food and beverage conglomerate, arising out of a dispute concerning the license rights to the brand’s trademark in North America.
            • Represented a South American oil and gas company in series of tax indemnity arbitrations under ICDR rules, which culminated successfully in awards of nearly $45m in 2022.
            • Represented a multinational pharmaceutical company in an ICC arbitration arising out of the sale of the company’s Argentine subsidiary to a Brazilian purchaser.

            Paul Hastings LLP

            Among its recent highlights, Paul Hastings LLP's international arbitration practice notched up strong activity in the political risk insurance sphere, where it acts for many leading multinational insurers. The group also utilized the wider firm's strength in life sciences to advise on a steady stream of IP-related arbitral proceedings, particularly on behalf of Japan-based pharmaceutical companies. Global department head Joseph Profaizer steers the team from Washington DC and handles a mix of international litigation and arbitration cases for both corporate and sovereign entities. Igor Timofeyev, also in Washington DC, combines his international arbitration practice with strength in appellate litigation.

            Practice head(s):

            Joseph Profaizer

            Other key lawyers:

            Igor Timofeyev; Adam Weiss; Sachiko Taniguchi


            Joseph Profaizer and his team works really hard to provide dedicated service. The team has lots of experience in international arbitration practice. They support US companies, and also Japanese companies like ours, so they have good understanding of Japanese corporate culture.’

            Joseph Profaizer explains things in a simple but effective way, so that people without any legal background can easily understand the points in the arbitration and the way to proceed. He provides sufficient and useful input to people involved in the process.’

            Key clients

            American International Group (AIG)

            Chubb Insurance

            Nu Dotco

            Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma Corp.

            Daiichi Sankyo

            Bloom Energy

            Work highlights

            • Obtained a complete victory on behalf of Japan-based Daiichi Sankyo in its multibillion-dollar life sciences arbitration against US biotech company, Seagen.
            • Represented Nu Dotco LLC as amicus in arbitration proceedings in which Afilias alleged that ICANN wrongfully failed to disqualify Nu Dotco’s application to operate ‘.web’.

            Reed Smith LLP

            In 2022, Reed Smith LLP bolstered its international arbitration practice in Miami–a key platform for its global team due to its strategic focus on Latin America–with the hire of a three-lawyer group from Akerman LLP. The new arrivals include new department vice-chair Francisco Rodriguez, who has a focus on cross-border disputes involving Latin America, as well as Sandra Millor and foreign legal consultant Gilberto Guerrero-Rocca. Also in Miami, high-profile specialist José Astigarraga is regarded by many as a leading light for Latin America-related arbitrations, while Cristina Cárdenas is noted for her experience in both commercial and investor-state matters. New York-based James Duffy, who is tri-qualified in New York, England and Wales, and the DIFC Courts, is also a key contact.

            Practice head(s):

            Francisco Rodriguez; José Astigarraga

            Other key lawyers:

            Cristina Cárdenas; James Duffy; Francisco Rivero; Edward Mullins; Sandra Millor; Gilberto Guerrero-Rocca

            Work highlights

              Squire Patton Boggs US LLP

              Lawyers at Squire Patton Boggs US LLP strike the right note with their 'excellent commercial awareness and strategy formulation'. A particularly robust performance on the investment treaty front saw the group add four new sovereign clients to its roster over the past year, including Peru and Romania. The firm also houses an active commercial arbitration practice. Stephen Anway, whose practice is divided between New York and Washington DC, co-chairs the global international dispute resolution group and is noted for his niche expertise in natural gas price review arbitrations. New York's Miriam Harwood co-heads the investment arbitration practice and maintains a focus on state-side representations. Carlos Guzmán Plascencia, also in New York, is a talented senior associate.

              Practice head(s):

              Stephen Anway

              Other key lawyers:

              Miriam Harwood; Luka Mišetić; John Branson; Ali Gursel; Carlos Guzmán Plascencia


              ‘Great communication, excellent commercial awareness and strategy formulation.’

              ‘Stephen Anway is one of the brightest disputes lawyers of his generation. Fierce intellect and insight that is unmatched in the industry.’

              Key clients

              Edison SpA (Italy)

              Republic of Peru

              Turkmenistan and Turkmenhimiya

              Republic of Ecuador

              The Republic of Kosovo

              Petróleos de Venezuela SA (PDVSA) and its subsidiary Bariven SA

              Rand Investments Ltd.

              Republic of Romania

              Republic of Croatia

              Slovak Republic

              Republic of Costa Rica

              Work highlights

              • Secured a total victory for Costa Rica in an ICSID arbitration brought by a Spanish investor.
              • Successfully represented the Republic of Kosovo in a €65m investment arbitration concerning the alleged expropriation of Kosovo’s largest network of petrol stations.
              • Defeated a $550m claim brought against Turkmenistan by a Turkish construction company under the Turkey-Turkmenistan BIT.

              Vinson & Elkins LLP

              Driven out of Houston and New York, Vinson & Elkins LLP's international arbitration group shines in energy-related disputes, in line with its firm-wide strength. It also secures a steady stream of infrastructure development and construction-related matters. Global head of international disputes James Loftis is a former chief counsel for both the oil sector and the construction and engineering panels of the United Nations Compensation Commission; he splits his time between Houston and Dubai. New York-based Camilo Cardozo heads the international disputes practice for the Americas and is recognized for his expertise in Latin America-related cases. New York's José Sanchez, whose recent work spans energy, IP and construction matters, recently joined the partnership.

              Practice head(s):

              James Loftis; Camilo Cardozo

              Other key lawyers:

              José Sanchez


              They are a “team” in all senses of the word. Work is coordinated, advice is simple, lawyers are very strategically connected, straightforward, imaginative and creative.’

              Camilo Cardozo and José Sanchez, are the two partners that I work with. They work perfectly together as a team, have worked for years together in different law firms, and they coordinate perfectly.’

              Key clients

              Panama Canal Authority

              Upland Oil and Gas LLC

              Ministry of Oil of the Republic of Iraq

              University of Ghana

              Basrah Oil Company

              Khaitan Holdings (Mauritius) Limited

              KBR, Inc.

              Tampico Beverages, Inc.

              Offshore Exploration and Production LLC

              Work highlights

              • Representing the Panama Canal Authority in a series of arbitrations arising out of the Panama Canal extension project.
              • Representing Upland Oil and Gas Sucursal del Peru and Upland Oil and Gas (USA) in a dispute arising from a license agreement executed between Upland and PeruPetro.
              • Representing the Ministry of Oil of the Republic of Iraq (as representative of the Republic of Iraq) in two arbitrations.

              Winston & Strawn LLP

              Winston & Strawn LLP‘s international arbitration practice is valued by clients for its ‘excellent substantive lawyers, who are also top-level case managers‘. In a significant development, the group boosted its Latin America expertise with the 2022 hire of Gustavo Membiela, who joined the firm’s nascent Miami office from Hunton Andrews Kurth LLP. The extensive national group also benefits from its ability to lean on international platforms in London and Paris to handle multi-jurisdictional matters in venues across Asia, Europe and Africa. In Chicago, Ricardo Ugarte brings to bear over thirty years of experience in handling commercial and investment arbitrations. In Houston, associate Imad Khanalways brings innovative solutions to the table‘.

              Practice head(s):

              Michael Stepek

              Other key lawyers:

              Gustavo Membiela; Imad Khan; Ricardo Ugarte


              ‘The Winston team is full of quality, such that you get excellent substantive lawyers, who are also top-level case managers. Always a winning combination in arbitration.’

              ‘Ricardo Ugarte in Chicago is an excellent senior manager, with huge experience and great judgment.’

              ‘Gustavo Membiela is an extraordinary, calm litigator and mediator, which is exactly what you need in these type of situations. The team’s colleagues specializing in marine law were extremely helpful for the specific strategy we took.’

              ‘Associate Imad Khan is a great attorney, who always brings innovative solutions to the table. His knowledge and experience in international dispute resolution is outstanding.’

              ‘They are quite competent in the practice of arbitration and in the respective hearings.’

              ‘Ricardo Ugarte is an excellent lawyer due to his knowledge and practical skills.’

              Key clients

              Dominion Minerals Corp.

              Banco San Juan Internacional

              Work highlights

              • Representing Dominion Minerals Corp in claims brought under the US-Panama BIT concerning Dominion’s investment in a copper and gold concession in western Panama.
              • Representing Banco San Juan Internacional in connection with a UK judgment enforcement action against Petróleos de Venezuela.


              Dentons' US-based international arbitration group is largely based in New York and additionally benefits from its ability to lean on the wider firm's platforms across the country, while also plugging into its extensive global practice. With experience across a wide scope of arbitral and enforcement matters, the team is particularly noted for its recent activity in the energy and natural resources, manufacturing, and aviation and aerospace spheres. In New York, US department head John Hay handles a mix of commercial and investment treaty disputes, while Anthony Ullman's broad practice spans IP, construction, health care and power generation-related cases, among others.

              Practice head(s):

              John Hay

              Other key lawyers:

              Anthony Ullman; Kristen Weil; Diora Ziyaeva

              Key clients

              GCM Mining Corp.

              GA Telesis, LLC

              GA Telesis, LLC

              Frontera Resources Corporation

              Work highlights

              • Represented GCM Mining Corp in an ICSID arbitration against the Republic of Colombia for more than $300m.
              • Obtained a $22m LCIA award for GA Telesis against Transaero, formerly Russia’s second-largest commercial airline currently undergoing bankruptcy.
              • Obtained a $13m ICC award for GA Telesis against Transaero in dispute resulting from Transaero’s breaches of certain aircraft engine lease agreements.

              K&L Gates

              With a particularly prominent record in enforcement actions, K&L Gates also possesses significant experience in construction and commercial arbitrations. Additionally, the team continues to gain ground in the investor-state sphere, as evidenced by its recent work for AHG Industry in an ICSID arbitration against the Republic of Iraq concerning the expropriation of a cement plant and a pipe plant. New York-based Matthew Weldon fronts the international arbitration practice in the US and is particularly sought after for enforcement matters.

              Practice head(s):

              Matthew Weldon

              Other key lawyers:

              Thomas Holt

              Key clients

              AHG Industry

              Kingdom of Spain

              Government of Romania

              Republic of Italy Ministry of Economic Development

              Rolls Royce Power Solutions, Inc.

              Dommo Energia S.A.

              Petaquilla Minerals, Ltd.

              Work highlights

              • Representing a US-based engineering and construction company against a sovereign-owned entity in an arbitration concerning the construction of a refinery in Latin America.
              • Representing a power generation company in a dispute relating the construction and development of a diesel power plant in Chile.
              • Representing Romania in resisting continued enforcement of an ICSID award obtained by the Micula brothers, involving claims totaling more than $1bn.

              Shearman & Sterling LLP

              With a focus on construction, technology, life sciences and investment cases, Shearman & Sterling LLP's international arbitration group is equipped to manage both complex commercial and investment treaty arbitrations. In Washington DC, Christopher Ryan provides 'thoughtful, commercial and excellent advice' and routinely handles arbitral proceedings involving the construction, infrastructure, mining, and energy sectors. New York-based of counsel Henry Weisburg is noted for his broad practice scope, which spans investment, project and financial disputes, among others.

              Practice head(s):

              Henry Weisburg; Christopher Ryan


              Deeply knowledgeable (on lender, sponsor and project company side) team and highly responsive.’

              Christopher Ryan has provided thoughtful, commercial and excellent advice.’

              Key clients

              Republic of Panama

              OHL and Orascom Construction

              Nevada Copper Incorporated

              ENKA (Chubb)

              Work highlights

              • Represented Nevada Copper as defendant and counterclaimant in a dispute brought by Sedgman USA Inc.
              • Represented ENKA Insaat ve Sanayi in an ICC arbitration in London against certain entities within Chubb, which concerned claims pursued by Chubb in the Russian courts arising from a fire at a power plant.
              • Represented the Republic of Panama in treaty claims brought by Omega Engineering and Mr Oscar Rivera arising from the alleged expropriation of multiple infrastructure construction contracts.