Firms To Watch: Dispute resolution

With David Arias at the helm, Arias SLP is a reference for high-stakes arbitration proceedings across Europe, America and Africa. The dispute resolution group is also well equipped to handle commercial litigation, including cases arising from construction, financial, insurance, energy disputes.
Cases & Lacambra Abogados SLP stands out for its track record in banking and financial litigation; Barcelona-based banking litigation and consumer protection expert Jose Piñeiro and civil and commercial litigation partner Fabio Virzi in Madrid are the names to note.
Marimón Abogados's team handles a range of business-critical proceedings and features Marcelino Pajares, who 'provides excellent service in litigation matters' and jointly leads the team alongside ‘skilled and tactically astute dispute resolution specialist‘ and former judge Esther Domínguez.
Squire Patton Boggs launched its Madrid-based litigation practice following the arrival of Javier Izquierdo  and his team from Pérez-Llorca in September 2023; he counts over two decades' experience in litigation and arbitration proceedings involving banking, construction, and energy law.
White & Case LLP has an impressive international arbitration practice led by Ignacio Madalena, and continues to develop its commercial litigation practice under the leadership of the 'extraordinary' Francisco Málaga.

Firms in the Spotlight Dispute resolution

Sunkel & Paz

Sunkel & Paz logo

SUNKEL&PAZ, criminal lawyers, is the result of the union of two expert criminal law firms, Víctor M. Sunkel and Israel Paz, who, after more than 25 years of experience in the criminal jurisdictional system, and their separate times at prestigious law firms, have decided to combine knowledge and effort with a single purpose: to provide …

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Faus Moliner

Faus Moliner logo

Faus Moliner is a Barcelona-based boutique law firm, specialized in dealing with legal matters typical of the pharmaceutical industry and of other companies which operate in the life sciences sector.

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Dispute resolution in Spain

A&O Shearman

A&O Shearman‘s dispute resolution department continues to be a dominant force for litigation advice in Spain. In addition to arbitration and special situations practice, the firm also houses strong corporate and financial litigation teams, covering contentious matters arising from shareholders, joint venture and post-M&A disputes, as well as corporate and contractual controversies. The offering takes a multijurisdictional approach, regularly coordinating with the firm’s offices in Paris, Luxembourg, Brussels, Hong Kong, and New York. Standing at the helm of the team is Antonio Vázquez-Guillén, who currently represents numerous investors in investment ECT (Energy Charter Treaty) claims against the Spanish government and is a key point of contact for major financial institutions in insolvency and white-collar crime cases. Other key names to note include Javier Mendieta, who focuses on disputes related to real estate, construction, and M&A, and Javier Castresana, an expert in financial litigation. Counsels Emma Morales and José Luis Terron are also active key members.

Practice head(s):

Antonio Vázquez-Guillén; Javier Mendieta; Javier Castresana

Other key lawyers:

José Luis Terrón; Emma Morales; Pablo Torres; Agustina Álvarez Olaizola; Alexandre Fichaux


‘Good relationship with other firms in pre-litigation environments, which helps to achieve an amicable solution. The team has good relationship with authorities, good knowledge of the sector and creativity to seek alternative solutions’

‘Antonio Vázquez Guillén is the responsible partner and, in addition to a good knowledge of the sector and regulation, he has had commercial ability to seek a negotiated solution to what, otherwise, would have become a lawsuit. Qualities: commercial vision and creativity.’

‘The A&O Shearman litigation team perfectly combines great technical quality and unique procedural skills with great client empathy.’

‘José Luis Terrón stands out for his great technical quality, his strategic vision and his ability to put himself in the shoes of his clients, perfectly understanding their needs.’

‘Ability to focus on what is relevant and resolve complex issues. Both Antonio Vázquez Guillén and José Luis Terrón demonstrate, in particular, great availability and quick response. ’

‘A&O Shearman’s litigation team is especially agile in its responses. This speed is not contrary to the existence of a deep analysis in their responses. The firm’s proficient in especially complex matters that require the involvement of various teams.’

‘Antonio Vázquez Guillén is especially brilliant in designing attack and defence strategies in complex matters. Its coordination with NY teams makes dealing with the matter much easier for a Spanish company.’

‘A&O Shearman is distinguished by the legal level of the lawyers who understand the practice and their approach to business law, by knowing how to advise the client and offer them the alternative that they believe best suits their needs.’

Key clients




Banco Santander










Abarca Companhia de Seguros

Work highlights

  • Acting for Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria, S.A., as majority shareholder of Distrito Castellana Norte, S.A. (currently named Crea Madrid Nuevo Norte, S.A.), in an arbitration brought by the two minority shareholders, Merlin Properties Socimi, S.A. and Desarrollos Urbanísticos Udra, S.A.U. (a subsidiary of Grupo San José) against Distrito Castellana Norte, S.A.
  • Acted for over 30 international investors in 12 ECT claims against the Kingdom of Spain.
  • Represented Mubadala / IPIC in the international arbitration arising out of the termination of the sponsorship agreement entered into between IPIC and Real Madrid Club de Fútbol in October 2014.

Clifford Chance

Distinguished for representing some of the world’s leading brands, Clifford Chance‘s litigation and arbitration department frequently acts for major international corporations, high-net-worth individuals, investment funds, and venture capital firms. The team is well equipped to advise on commercial litigation, restructuring and insolvency, international arbitration, as well as regulatory and investigations matters. Arbitration proceedings are a particular strength for the team that regularly cooperates with other offices as part of the international arbitration group. Madrid-based veteran lawyer Fernando Irurzun heads up the department and boasts considerable experience representing clients in high-profile cases before courts at all instances. Ignacio Díaz De La Cruz specialises in investment and contractual disputes and also leads the LATAM practice in Spain, frequently coordinating with the firm’s Washington office. Miquel Montañá and Josep Montefusco are also notable; both lawyers are based in Barcelona and lead the team that focuses on IP disputes. Fernando Giménez-Alvear is a reference for insurance-related contentious issues.

Practice head(s):

Fernando Irurzun

Other key lawyers:

Iñigo Villoria; Ignacio Díaz de la Cruz; Miquel Montañá; Josep Montefusco; Alexandra Borrallo; Fernando Giménez-Alvear; Adrián Crespo; Eduardo Hernández; Borja Pérez Puente


‘It is a very balanced team in which all lawyers stand out for their high qualifications, their empathy when it comes to understanding clients’ problems and the businesses in which they operate, as well as their commitment to the issues and their good work.’

‘The partner, Fernando Irurzun, and one of the associates, Borja Pérez Puente, stand out especially.’

‘The team led by Fernando Irurtzun carries out a thorough study of all matters and has the great ability to adapt the approach to the type of court before which they must act. They have a great ability to discourage the client from suing in those cases where it would be wrong for the client to sue.’

‘In the field of national and international arbitration, the Clifford Chance team (under the direction of Fernando Irurzun) is one of the best we have worked with, their experience and work capacity are exceptional, and their treatment of the client is exactly the same. It is appreciated the simplicity with which they explain the problems that litigation can raise and also the solutions they propose, they give a lot of security.’

‘The closeness, the technical preparation and the effectiveness in the processing of matters. As a notable partner I have to point out Fernando Irurzun, and associates Eduardo Hernández and Borja Pérez-Puente.’

‘The Clifford Chance team prepared impeccably for the hearings. They spent considerable  time preparing the witnesses, making them aware of the particularities of each process, and intervening in a timely manner whenever required.’

‘Very prepared lawyers, knowledgeable about the case, its strengths and weaknesses. Ignacio Díaz de la Cruz did an impeccable job in that regard.’

Key clients

A22 Sports Management, S.L.

Aalberts Ibérica, S.A.U.

Airbus Group (Airbus S.E.; Airbus Defence and Space, S.A.U.; Airbus Helicopters, S.A.S.)


Ariana Management Corporation S.A.C

Athletic Club

Banesco Holding Latinoamérica, S.A.

BDO Auditores, S.L.

Comap, S.A.

Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles, S.A.

Constructora Queiroz Galvão S.A.

Crea Madrid Nuevo Norte, S.A.

Ernst & Young España

European Super League Company, S.L.

Fútbol Club Barcelona

Grenergy Renovables, S.A.

Guadalmesí Paradise, S.L.

HSBC Bank plc

Ilustre Colegio de Abogados de Madrid (Madrid Bar Association)

Indra Sistemas, S.A.

Instalaciones Inabensa, S.A. (Abengoa Group)

L’Oréal España, S.A.U.

Moncobra, S.A.

Mutua Madrileña Automovilista, Sociedad de Seguros

Nokia Spain, S.A.

Patentes Talgo, S.L.

Real Madrid Club de Fútbol

Rimond Middle East General Contracting, LLC

S.A. de Obras y Servicios, Copasa

Samsung Electronics Iberia, S.A.U.


Siemens Rail Automation S.A.U.

Sociedad de Explotación Turística Pierre et Vacances España, S.L.U.

Steag GmbH

Torre Caleido, S.A.

Unibail Rodamco Westfield

Vestas Eólicas, S.A.U.

Vingroup (Vingroup Joint Stock Company; Vintech Technology Development Joint Stock Company; Vinsmart Research and Manufacture Joint Stock Company)

Vodafone España, S.A.U.

Vodafone ONO, S.A.U.

Work highlights

  • Advising the European Super League on legal proceedings against UEFA and FIFA requesting a declaration that they are abusing their dominant position in the European football market, preventing free competition and imposing unjustified restrictions on access to the market.
  • Advising and representing ALEATICA in a civil litigation against OHL to claim the payment of a debt arising from a price adjustment clause under a credit assignment agreement signed between the parties when ALEATICA was part of the OHL Group.
  • Advised and represented Crea Madrid Nuevo Norte, S.A., an SPV developing the largest real estate project in Spain (Operation Chamartin) in a by-law arbitration brought before the Madrid Court of Arbitration by the minority shareholders (Merlin Properties and San José), in which they requested the annulment of certain amendments to the by-laws adopted in a general shareholders’ meeting of the company.


Cuatrecasas has a sizeable litigation and arbitration practice, which is particularly noted for its proficiency in mandates concerning the infrastructure, construction, energy, banking, and insurance sectors. The firm, whose client base includes Spanish and international corporates, investors, and public entities, is singled out for its cross-border capabilities. The team is led by Madrid-based Alfonso Iglesia and Antonio Carreño from Barcelona. Other key members within the team include Alvaro Mendiola, who handles a range of judicial and arbitration proceedings, Alberto Fortún, an expert in cross-border disputes, and Alfonso Gómez-Acebo, a highly regarded arbitrator for private parties, states, and state-owned entities. The team also features active members César Rivera, Esther de Félix, and María Pérez, all of whom are skilled in commercial, corporate, and competition-related disputes.

Practice head(s):

Alfonso Iglesia; Antonio Carreño

Other key lawyers:

Alvaro Mendiola; Alberto Fortún; Alfonso Gómez-Acebo; César Rivera; Esther de Félix; María Pérez

Key clients

International Consortium Metro de Lima

Sociedad Concesionaria Peruana de Vías (COVINCA)




Epic Arabia

Work highlights

  • Successfully representing the international consortium (ACS, FCC, Webuild (former Salini Impregilo), Cosapi, Ansaldo, Hitachi) granted the project to design, finance, build, operate and maintain Line 2 and branch line Av. Faucett – Av. Gambetta of the Lima and Callao Subway in international arbitration brought against the Republic of Peru.
  • Advised Daimler, together with Gleiss Lutz, on a follow-on cartel damage claim before the CJEU.
  • Successfully representing Epic Arabia Project Development in one of the arbitrations filed by Iranian businessman Shahpari Azzamy Zanganeh.


Hailed by a client as ‘the best litigation team on the market in Spain‘, Garrigues stands out as a primary choice for clients seeking advice on some of the most complex disputes in Spain and internationally. The practice is well versed in representing leading corporates, investment funds, financial institutions, and high-net-worth individuals across various industries, including private equity, construction, energy, automotive, pharma, and technology. Leadership responsibilities are shared between Alberto Pimenta, the global head of the department; Antonio Entrena López-Peña, who is in charge of the civil and commercial litigation practice; and Francisco Serrano Osobliwa, who oversees the international arbitration and ADR sub-practice. Other key practitioners include Eduardo Santamaría Moral, recognised for his expertise in the private equity market and prowess in representing sports professionals and football clubs. Ana Garotte, praised for her ‘great mastery of civil, commercial, and procedural areas, including issues of complex financial contracts‘ and Diego Vicente Pérez, an expert in civil and corporate litigation, are also noteworthy. Alejandro Huertas stands out for his excellence in all types of contentious and pre-litigation matters.

Practice head(s):

Alberto Pimenta; Antonio Entrena López-Peña; Francisco Serrano Osobliwa

Other key lawyers:

Eduardo Santamaría Moral; Alejandro Huertas; Diego Vicente Pérez; Rubén Magallares; Ana Garrote


‘In addition to their skills and technical knowledge, the entire team demonstrates great dedication and, above all, a very high level of knowledge of the client and its activity, which gives it a clear competitive advantage over its competitors.’

‘An extraordinary team. The best in the market in litigation. It has a very powerful practice, with a specialist for each subject, always available and with very high-performance equipment. They excel in their ability to provide innovative solutions. They are a safe bet. The place to go when something important is at stake.’

‘Alejandro Huertas is the most dedicated and talented partner I have ever worked with.  Alejandro has been working for us for nearly two years now on extremely complex and interrelated dispute resolution matters before numerous courts throughout Spain. Every matter that has been decided, has been decided in our favor. Alejandro’s counsel has been invaluable in helping us navigate the judicial intricacies of a foreign legal system. Alejandro is a true advocate for our business and its principles – his advice has been spot on throughout a very difficult time period for us.’

‘Ana Garrote is a litigation partner who demonstrates great mastery of the civil, commercial and procedural areas, including issues of complex financial contracts, which allows her to direct with great poise and ease the judicial processes of these matters before the Courts. She also shows great involvement in matters relevant to clients and is always available to resolve queries and doubts that arise. ’

‘They understand the problem quickly, have a commercial vision and understand the impacts for the company in the event of obtaining an unfavourable ruling. They design a defence strategy together with the company, there is fluid and trustworthy communication. They quickly report any new developments in the case and constantly follow up. ’

‘I would highlight the partner Diego Vicente Pérez. They are a team with an exceptional technical level, which they combine with a commercial vision and mind. They are empathetic to their clients’ problems and strive to add value and achieve more.’

‘The team stands out for its ability to focus and dissect the dispute. The team is capable of uniting professionals from other practices that also provide differential value. His work in the procedure, especially in the hearings, is very accurate and with a lot of dedication.’

Key clients










Melia Hotels International



Diana Capital




Work highlights

  • Defends the Spanish public entity CORREOS against the highest amount claim for damages for breach of competition law currently discussed in Spain.
  • Defends ACS and ABERTIS in a claim regarding the R-3 and R-5 Spanish radial toll roads.
  • Defends the construction company Laffarge-Holcim in an investment arbitration under UNCITRAL rules against the Republic of Ecuador as a result of the latter’s breach of the agreement for the reciprocal promotion and protection of investments signed between Spain and Ecuador in 1996.

Herbert Smith Freehills LLP

Herbert Smith Freehills LLP strategically focuses on global disputes, handling arbitration and litigation matters across Latin America, the US, the Middle East, and the Asia Pacific regions, with a particular emphasis on the energy, infrastructure, construction, financial services, industrial, and real estate sectors. Its client roster features major Spanish and international corporations and sovereign states, who also turn to the team for its capabilities in alternative conflict resolution and mediation. Presiding over the practice is Eduardo Soler Tappa, who frequently appears before Spanish courts at all levels and international venues, including ICSID, UNCITRAL, and ICC Paris. Other key members include: dual-qualified Paulino Fajardo (Spain and England), who focuses on infrastructure, energy, aviation, and corporate disputes; Javier De Carvajal, who specialises in civil, company, and criminal law matters; and Jaime de San Román, who focuses on banking litigation and insolvency issues. Also recommended are Alejandra Galdos, a key point of contact for claims involving construction and engineering companies, Risteard de Paor, who has experience in defending clients from the construction, energy, environment, and transport sectors, and Miguel García-Casas, a name to note for both civil and criminal matters,

Practice head(s):

Eduardo Soler Tappa

Other key lawyers:

Paulino Fajardo; Javier de Carvajal; Jaime de San Román; Alejandra Galdos; Risteard de Pao; Miguel Garcia-Casas; Manuel Rivero


‘Herbert Smith was excellent in representing our company in a recent dispute. They had a strong team and deep knowledge of international arbitration which was immensely helpful in achieving a successful claim at trial. They were also very helpful when it came to bringing in specialist lawyers from other practice areas such as international sanctions’

‘My main contact was with Risteard de Paor, who was fantastic throughout a complex arbitration involving over 6 parties in different jurisdictions and navigating a wide number of topics. Risteard is a great communicator. I would highly recommend. ’

‘All its members have extensive knowledge, they keep us promptly informed of the status of all files and always resolve conflicts in a positive and brilliant manner. ’

‘There is great cohesion in the team and they act fully coordinated even when they are in offices in different countries. In this aspect HSF has a great advantage.’

‘Technical knowledge combined with a great ability to know and understand the client’s needs. Partner Eduardo Soler Tappa stands out.’

‘This is a team with enormous capacity and technical knowledge, with attention to detail, but decisive and close in dealing. They have a clear business vocation. They are agile, but without losing quality.’

‘Javier de Carvajal Melgar stands out especially as he is a person of absolute trust. In addition to his technical skills, his human quality stands out.’

‘Technical preparation and experience in the room. Javier de Carvajal stands out, a great litigator.’

Key clients

Prodesa Medioambiente / HDI Global, Spanish branch

Generali España de Seguros y Reaseguros


Banco Santander

Barclays Bank

Abengoa Agua

Oaktree Capital Management

Engie España

Amcor Group

Profine Iberia

Avatel Telecom


Cobra Instalaciones y Servicios

Work highlights

  • Advised HDI (professional liability insurers of Prodesa Medioambiente) on the arbitration proceedings brought before the Chamber of Arbitration in Milan, in relation to alleged defective design, LD’s and loss of profits in the design, erection and commissioning of a pellets production plant together with a co-generation unit in the Southern of Italy.
  • Advised Cobra Instalaciones y Servicios on ICC arbitration proceedings and expert determination proceedings related to a cutting-edge renewable energy project in the US.
  • Acted for Barclays, as syndicated lender of the Celsa Group, in litigation proceedings commenced by the latter with the aim of achieving a novation in the terms of a series of contracts connected with the debt restructuring undertaken by the group in 2017 under the grounds of an alleged right to rebalance its contractual obligations as a result of the incidence of the Covid-19 crisis in the economy.


Pérez-Llorca has a market-leading dispute resolution practice that spans all areas of litigation across a range of industries, including banking, construction, infrastructure, and energy. The group also excels in arbitration matters, frequently representing clients before ICSID, ICDR, CCI, and other international and local institutions. Félix J Montero leads the group, boasting considerable expertise in a myriad of contentious proceedings, including corporate and public law disputes. Key members include Guillermina Ester, an expert in pre-litigious and litigation matters who has recently been advising on the economic disruptions caused by the pandemic in lease contracts; Juan Rodríguez Cárcamo, who specialises in mandates involving the banking industry; Beatriz García, who focuses her practice on claims for damages related to competition law infringements; and Fernando Bedoya, who is skilled in civil and commercial claims. Noteworthy contributions also come from Ignacio Santabaya, a key point of contact for matters related to civil, insolvency, and administrative issues.

Practice head(s):

Félix J Montero

Other key lawyers:

Juan Manuel Rodríguez Cárcamo; Guillermina Ester; Beatriz García; Fernando Bedoya; Ignacio Santabaya; Laura Ruiz; Arancha Barandiarán


‘Factors such as professionalism, work, monitoring of topics, collaborative spirit and communication.’

‘The collaborative spirit and professionalism with which they approach matters sets the firm apart. In particular, Guillermina Ester is outstandingly involved in the issues, considering all their essential aspects.’

‘Consolidated team, with great experience and diversity of capabilities.’

‘Beatriz García is one of the best litigation lawyers in Spain right now.

‘What we value most as clients is the closeness or proximity with the lawyer who will handle the matter.’

‘Ignacio Santabaya is characterised by his vocation for global vision and analysis of the issues that arise, being interested in correctly measuring the possible consequences and anticipating the reactions of the parties involved. He is especially meticulous in his work and skilled in negotiations.’

Key clients

Técnicas Reunidas

Vannin Capital PCC






MAN Group

Calidad Pascual


Work highlights

  • Advised MAN on all the proceedings initiated by truck purchasers claiming damages allegedly arising from anti-competitive practices.
  • Acted for Calidad Pascual in one of the largest antitrust cases in Spain, representing the client in the follow-on civil litigation in relation to the Spanish milk cartel.
  • Advised Técnicas Reunidas on an ICC arbitration relating to the expansion and modernisation works of an oil refinery.

Uría Menéndez

Uría Menéndez‘s dispute resolution team adopts an interdisciplinary approach, providing insight and advice on civil and commercial proceedings, international and domestic arbitration, as well as administrative, constitutional, and criminal law. The team is under the joint leadership of a capable trio: José Miguel Fatás, who assists with administrative and civil litigation, and arbitration proceedings at the domestic and international level; Gabriel Bottini, who oversees the international arbitration practice; and Javier Garcia Sanz, who is in charge of the litigation group. The team also includes commercial litigation specialist Carles Vendrell; Álvaro López de Argumedo, who is experience in the recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments and arbitral awards; and Jesús Remón Peñalver, who takes the lead on administrative litigation issues.

Practice head(s):

José Miguel Fatás; Javier García Sanz; Gabriel Bottini

Other key lawyers:

Álvaro López de Argumedo; Heidi López Castro; Jesús Remón Peñalver

Key clients

Banco Santander, S.A.


DAF Trucks, N.V.

Government of Malaysia

Ingeniería y Economía del Transporte

La Liga Nacional de Fútbol Profesional

Mota-Engil Ingeniería y Construcción, S.A.


Telefónica, S.A.

Toyota España, S.L.U.

Work highlights

  • Representing the State of Malaysia, as global lead counsel, in a multijurisdictional dispute with seven private individuals (alleged descendants of a 19th Century sultan) regarding a 1878 cession agreement over specific territories in North Borneo.
  • Representing Banco Santander in a claim for damages brought against it by former shareholders of Abengoa, S.A. in connection with a forecasted capital increase in 2015.
  • Representing La Liga Nacional de Fútbol in two major cases against Real Madrid, C.F., FC Barcelona, and Athletic Club.

Ashurst LLP

The ‘legally brilliant‘ team at Ashurst LLP is reputed for the depth of its expertise in disputes involving financial institutions, construction and insurance companies. The practice also excels in handling disputes arising from distressed asset transactions and real estate matters; this strength extends to representing both international and domestic clients, leveraging the team’s ability to provide cross-border advice across a myriad of jurisdictions. Leading the team is José Antonio Rodríguez, who specialises in all types of litigation, arbitration, and insolvency matters. María José Menéndez is recommended for her wealth of experience in arbitration, while counsel Raquel Mendieta handles civil, corporate and criminal claims. Another key figure is José Ramón Casado, an esteemed arbitrator who is retained by clients from various sectors, including energy, real estate, construction, and TMT. The team’s capabilities were further strengthened by the arrival of Alfonso González-Espejo in May 2023 from KPMG Abogados, Spain.

Practice head(s):

José Antonio Rodríguez

Other key lawyers:

José Ramón Casado; María José Menéndez; Alfonso González-Espejo; Raquel Mendieta; Alberto Manzanares



‘A team made up of brilliant people who have the opportunity to discuss legal strategy among themselves. Legally brilliant and very easy to deal with on a personal level.’

‘In my opinion, the plus they provide is that they have the opportunity to have several partners and seniors on the team, which enriches the debate and helps us arrive at the most appropriate legal strategy. José Ramón is, without a doubt, a brilliant lawyer with whom I will want to continue working for a long time.’

‘The ability to analyse and propose solutions to problems that arise during the case is excellent. The team led by José Antonio always proposes alternatives and analyses the pros and cons of each proposal. The team has demonstrated a great ability to work in English and Spanish on the case.’

Key clients

Gateway Infrastructure Investments, L.P

Corsair Capital

Arecibo Servicios y Gestiones, S.L.

Itinere Infraestructuras, S.A.

Union of European Football Associations

Cobra Instalaciones y Servicios Internacional, S.L.

Cobra Instalaciones y Servicios, S.A.

Deutsche Bank AG


Gestora Hotelera del Siglo XXI, S.L (NH Hotel Group)

Work highlights

  • Advising Gateway, as defendant, on the judicial proceedings initiated by Globalvía before the Commercial Court number 2 of Bilbao.
  • Acted for UEFA in the injunction and main civil ordinary proceedings brought by European Superleague Company, S.L. (later joined by A22) before Spanish Courts and handled by the Commercial Court No. 17 of Madrid.

Baker McKenzie

Baker McKenzie excels in a wide range of business litigation cases, including contractual, civil, bankruptcy, criminal, and corporate conflicts. The team is also skilled in the arbitration space, frequently appearing before ICSID and other arbitral institutions; investment protection and commercial arbitrations are among its key strengths. Its diverse client roster comprises Spanish and international corporates, investment funds, banks, and other financial institutions. Madrid-based Antonio Morales, who often acts for entities from the energy, banking, aerospace, and infrastructure industries, jointly leads the practice with Marc Prat in Barcelona and David Velazquez, who joined from Cuatrecasas in March 2023. They are supported by newly promoted partner Carmen Alonso and Marta Flores, the latter of whom is singled out for her ‘closeness to the client, her empathy, knowledge of the subject and commitment'.

Practice head(s):

Antonio Morales; Marc Prat; David Velázquez

Other key lawyers:

Carmen Alonso; Enrique Silvente


‘Good teamwork. A large team of people with different skills focused on the common goal. A common objective that is always shared and the same as the client.

‘An exceptional transmission of information to the client. Very high capacity for expression and translation of legal matter to the real and concrete case. Marc Prat and Enrique Silvente are recommended.’

‘Marc Prat is very helpful, makes sure whatever is needed for the case is done. They follow up and make the client feel matters are being taken care of as they should.’

Gómez-Acebo & Pombo

Lauded as ‘one of the best Spanish procedural and arbitration law firms’, Gómez-Acebo & Pombo covers a myriad of litigation matters, encompassing corporate, commercial, competition, financial, and insolvency disputes. The practice also frequently handles arbitration proceedings under the rules of all major arbitral institutions, including ICC, ICSID, and the Stockholm Chamber of Commerce, catering to companies from a range of industries including construction, industrial, energy, and finance. Leadership responsibilities are shared between civil and commercial litigation specialist Inés VázquezRodrigo López and Irene Arévalo, both of whom focus their practice on contentious insolvency and restructuring matters. Associate Luis López Alonso is also active in both national and international commercial disputes.

Practice head(s):

Inés Vázquez; Rodrigo López; Irene Arévalo

Other key lawyers:

Juan Viaño; Luis López Alonso; Teresa Gutiérrez


‘What stands out most about Gómez-Acebo & Pombo is the connection they manage to establish with the client. They perfectly understand our needs and adapt to our requirements, offering the advice we need for each specific case.’

‘I would especially highlight the collaboration with Luís López Alonso and Inés Vázquez. Their work gives me security, they are very serious and competent people and at the same time close. The experience has been and continues to be 100% satisfactory.’

‘GAP is one of the best Spanish procedural and arbitration law firms.’

‘I highlight Rodrigo López and Irene Arévalo. They are conscientious and know a lot of law. They have a strategic vision to approach problems.’

‘The preparation for the lawsuit has been spectacular. Great collaboration aimed at understanding the case and our specific needs. They carry out their work with sufficient time, which allows us to analyse and comment on any aspect that we, as clients, consider appropriate.

‘Inés Vazquez did an exceptional job. She covered all the aspects that the matter required, being able to convey to the judge each and every one of the points that were the subject of analysis in the lawsuit. In the case of Luis López Alonso, his previous work when drafting the procedural documentation was magnificent.’

Key clients

Siemens Mobility



Petersen Energía, And Petersen Energía Inversora

Goldman Sachs International Bank and other funds of the ad hoc group lenders of Group Celsa


Oliver Wyman

Grupo Lantero

Work highlights

  • Advising Goldman Sachs International Bank and other funds of the ad hoc group lenders of Group Celsa on the three legal proceedings initiated by an international steel group against its financial creditors.
  • Advising Iveco on the design of the strategy and defence against current and potential claims derived from competition infractions.
  • Advising ENI España Comercializadora de Gas on civil proceedings initiated by Ceranor.

Hogan Lovells International LLP

The dispute resolution team at Hogan Lovells International LLP is ‘capable of leading multiple litigation matters, both in Spain and in other jurisdictions'. Multijurisdictional disputes are inherent to the practice, as it strategically leverages the extensive network of 45 offices; the team is particularly skilled in investment arbitrations involving nation-states, with a particular emphasis on corporate, construction, and engineering disputes. Gonzalo Ardila leads the practice and serves as a key point of contact for clients from the energy, infrastructure, banking, and retail sectors seeking assistance with commercial litigation. Other noteworthy practitioners include corporate litigation specialist Jon Aurrekoetxea and Silvia Martínez, whose practice focuses on construction and engineering disputes. Also of note is Margarita Morales, a ‘great expert in sophisticated litigation mainly in the insurance and construction sectors'.

Practice head(s):

Gonzalo Ardila

Other key lawyers:

Silvia Martínez; Jon Aurrekoetxea; Eugenio Vázquez; Margarita Morales


‘For our company, Hogan Lovells lawyers stand out both for their experience, skills and for their closeness, attention, speed and effectiveness of response.’

‘We are working with Gonzalo Ardila and Silvia Martínez. They stand out for their extensive experience, closeness, attention, speed and effectiveness of response. Working with them is a pleasure. ’

‘The HL Madrid Litigation team has a perfect balance of young lawyers and senior partners that allows them to correctly allocate resources.’

‘Jon Aurrekoetxea: Very professional and hardworking. Great knowledge of the issues. Very good technically. ’

‘HL has a team that knows the industry of the clients they work for. They are always available and add value to the topics. They have a good balance between lawyers and, in addition, the profile of their professionals is very diverse which enriches the advice they provide. ’

‘One of the lawyers who leads the team is Margarita Morales. She is a spectacular trialist who acts strategically before the Courts with very good results. She is always available and knows the client’s business perfectly. She controls matters but does not get lost in the details. For me she is one of the firm’s key lawyers in Spain. ’

‘Hogan Lovells is a top-level law firm, capable of leading multiple litigation matters both in Spain and in other jurisdictions. In particular, I would highlight Margarita Morales. She is a great expert in sophisticated litigation mainly in insurance and construction matters.’

‘Margarita Morales combines great technical knowledge with a very high level of availability and client service. She has a great business vision and makes an effort to understand our industry in depth before advising us, which results in a completely tailored service. Her availability and speed of response are very notable. ’

Key clients

Wizink Bank, S.A.

J&J Group




Linklaters is a dominant force in all areas of dispute resolution work, covering arbitration, pre-litigation advice, civil, criminal, and public litigation, as well as insolvency matters. The practice advises across a range sectors, including banking, corporate, real estate, energy, construction, and infrastructure, and its client roster includes large financial institutions, private equity houses, and domestic and international corporations. Commercial litigation specialist Borja Fernandez De Troconiz oversees the team alongside Alex Ferreres, who joined the firm in January 2023 from Uría Menéndez, and brings a wealth of experience in contractual liability and tort law matters.

Practice head(s):

Borja Fernández de Trocóniz; Alex Ferreres

Other key lawyers:

Luis Valdenbro; Marta de Cara; Carmen Gimeno

Key clients










Single Resolution Board

Work highlights

  • Advising Centerbridge (and the rest of the sellers) on the arbitration proceedings started by Intrum in relation to the 2016 sale of Aktua to Intrum.
  • Acting for Enagás, a major Spanish energy company, in a $510m ICSID arbitration against Peru under the Peru-Spain bilateral investment treaty in relation to the termination of the concession of a major pipeline.
  • Assisting Apple with a collective claim  brought by OCU (a consumer association in Spain) in relation to planned obsolescence involving iPhone 6 Serie.


Andersen‘s dispute resolution practice supports clients in arbitration, litigation, and insolvency proceedings, as well as compliance matters. The firm’s focus extends to areas such as shareholders disputes, unfair competition, and product liability, with a particular emphasis on the construction, finance, cybersecurity, and the food and beverages sectors. The team is co-led by Pablo Doñate, a civil and commercial litigation specialist based in Madrid, and Benjamín Prieto from Valencia. Also of note is the firm’s co-managing partner Íñigo Rodríguez-Sastre, who regularly represents multinational corporates in both ordinary courts and international arbitration proceedings. The team also features Luis Cortezo, an expert in construction, corporate, and real estate law. Elena Sevila left the firm in December 2023.

Practice head(s):

Pablo Doñate; Benjamín Prieto

Other key lawyers:

Iñigo Rodríguez–Sastre; Luis Cortezo


‘Proactivity, expertise, flexibility and understanding of the business. Pablo Doñate shows unique skills to cope with complex matters and to adapt it to a litigation case with clarity and sound knowledge always oriented to client needs.’

‘We really only work with Andersen and our treatment is almost exclusive with partner Pablo Doñate. Excellent communication and service.’

‘They do a commendable job, always putting themselves in the client’s shoes, attending to our needs above any consideration. Their results have always been excellent, often exceeding the expectations we had for the team. Highly recommended.’

‘We would highlight Iñigo Rodríguez-Sastre. They are two of the best litigators we have encountered in the Spanish market. Always attentive and available at any time. Iñigo Rodríguez Sastre always finds solutions that no one else can see, anticipating the events that may happen in the course of a controversy. His presentation skills in court are brilliant.’

‘It is a versatile, agile team, available 24/7 and led by a privileged mind in litigation strategy, like Pablo Doñate.’

‘Pablo Doñate, managing partner of the practice in the Madrid office, is a top-level litigator and exceptional in his strategic vision. ’

‘I have worked with many firms, and I would certainly highlight Andersen’s litigation team for its enormous professionalism. They put the client’s interests before any other issue and work tirelessly to achieve the best possible results. Always available, they offer solutions that also take into account the business characteristics of litigation, which is essential for a company like ours.’

‘Iñigo Rodríguez-Sastre is extremely hardworking, brilliant in his analysis of problems and decisive in the strategy to follow, offering innovative solutions, in addition to being a great speaker in court. Elena Sevila is decisive and manages to simplify and explain the most complex issues in an exemplary manner.’

Key clients




Técnicas Reunidas

Mondo Tv Spain Studios

Aquila Capital Group

Forestalia Renovables

Redexis Gas


Work highlights

  • Represented Avanzalia Solar in a litigation regarding its solar plants in Panamá.
  • Acted for Trappit SA and Trappit Tecnologias SL (Trappit) in a substantial claim against American Express Europe LLC and GBT UK Ltd, American Express’ Global Travel Division.
  • Represented Aena in a litigation proceeding.

B. Cremades & Asociados

B. Cremades & Asociados possesses a successful track record in disputes across various sectors, including construction, pharmaceuticals, banking, energy, telecoms, and transport, but particularly excels in commercial and investor-state arbitrations. The team’s particular strength lies in handling multijurisdictional matters, including issues related to the annulment and enforcement of arbitral awards. Bernardo Cremades, the founder of the firm and head of the team, is a veteran in commercial and investment arbitration, frequently representing clients before the ICC, ICSIF, PCA, and other international arbitration bodies. Other key figures include the dual-qualified Bernardo M. Cremades Jr., knowledgeable in investment treaties and corporate finance matters, along with arbitrators Ángel Tejada and Javier Juliani Aznar.

Practice head(s):

Bernardo M. Cremades; Bernardo M. Cremades Román

Other key lawyers:

Ángel Tejada; Javier Juliani Aznar; José María López Useros; Patrick Byrne; Sandra Cajal Martín

Key clients

Dunor Energía S.A.P.I. de C.V.

Compañía de Inversiones Mercantiles, S.A. (CIMSA)

Mr. Raimundo Santamarta Devis

Comercializadora Mediterránea de Viviendas, S.L.

Multiple expropriated shareholders

Comunidad Judía de Madrid & Federación de Comunidades Judías de España

Glenn Maud, Dereck Quinlan and Cruz Holdings Limited

Inversiones Continental (Panamá), S.A.

Work highlights

  • Representing Compañía de Inversiones Mercantiles, S.A. (CIMSA) in a dispute that arose out of the breach of a shareholders’ agreement.
  • Acting as counsel for Inversiones Continental (Panamá), S.A. in an ICSID dispute against the Republic of Honduras regarding the forced liquidation of Banco Continental.
  • Acting as counsel for Raimundo J. Santamarta Devis regarding two pharmaceutical corporations owned by dual nationals of Venezuela and Spain.

CMS Albiñana y Suárez de Lezo

CMS Albiñana y Suárez de Lezo is renowned for its expertise in banking litigation, regularly handling instructions from some of Spain’s largest financial institutions. A frequent presence before the ICC, CRICA, and the Madrid Court of Arbitration, the team is skilled in arbitration proceedings related to financial, corporate and director liability disputes, as well as those arising from breaches of SPAs and distribution and agency agreements. Practice chair Carlos Aguilar focuses his practice on the criminal aspects of financial law, in addition to boasting broad knowledge of civil, corporate, and constitutional matters. Also noteworthy is Luis Javier Vidal, who is ‘on top of each case, providing the added value of his long and complete experience‘, particularly in the areas of civil, corporate, banking, and insolvency law. Communications sector expert Jorge Sánchez and experienced arbitrator Juan Ignacio Fernández Aguado are also active team members.

Practice head(s):

Carlos Aguilar

Other key lawyers:

Juan Ignacio Fernández-Aguado; Luis Javier Vidal; Jorge Sánchez; Salvio Codes; Antonio Fernández de Hoyos; Elisa Martín; Gonzaga Guerrero


‘Luis Javier Vidal is a great lawyer, with a great strategic vision. He studies the issues in depth and pays great dedication to the preparation of actions both in arbitration and before the jurisdiction.’

‘It is a multidisciplinary team with the best in each field and with maximum attention and rigour in their work.’

‘I would highlight Jorge Sánchez for his availability and talent.’

Key clients


Mr. Alexandre Rosell


Abei Enegy


DLA Piper

Showcasing strong credentials in litigation, arbitration, and restructuring and insolvency matters, DLA Piper works across several sectors - most notably financial services, construction and energy - with a client roster that encompasses sovereign states and some of the largest international and domestic corporates and financial institutions. Positioned within the firm’s global network, clients commend the team for its ability to ‘combine international arbitration expertise with excellent local knowledge'. Borja De Obeso leads the practice, focusing on civil and criminal litigation and contentious administrative actions, in addition to handling complex arbitration matters. Also noteworthy is Ben Sanderson, who is ‘an expert in all international arbitration matters', and is praised for his ‘unrivalled knowledge of the United Nations legal framework in the private sector’.

Practice head(s):

Borja de Obeso

Other key lawyers:

Ben Sanderson; Andrea Rodríguez; Lucía Cegarra; Mar Martínez


‘The practice is unique in its global approach to handling disputes. The dispute resolution team is strong, agile and diverse.’

‘Ben Sanderson stands out. Ben is an expert in all international arbitration matters and a specialist in BIT cases. He is a razor sharp mind and a very safe pair of hands. I worry less with him on my side.’

‘The team is able to combine international arbitration expertise with excellent local knowledge where a dispute relates to a particular country. They are very available, clear in their advice and fast in responding.’

‘Ben Sanderson is a stand out legal adviser and practitioner. Always calm and professional, his advice is clear and strategic. He is a very good listener. He has an unrivalled knowledge of the United Nations legal framework in the private sector. That means that he can provide advice and strategies attuned to the legal and political complexities of the United Nations. ’

Key clients




Work highlights

  • Advised the Republic of Lithuania on the defence of a claim brought by a Russian fund in respect of the nationalisation of Bankas Snoras.


With an expanding international network, ECIJA leverages the bench strength of offices in 18 countries, providing multidisciplinary advice in the retail, media, banking, telecoms, sports, construction, and tourism sectors, among others. The team assists clients with claims arising from product liability, professional negligence, employment, IP, restructuring, and commercial disputes. As part of its international growth strategy, the firm has recently formed an alliance with Taylor Wessing, bolstering its capabilities to advise on cross-border disputes. Key lawyers include: Librado Loriente, a go-to adviser for civil, commercial, and insolvency disputes; Javier Lopez, who ‘is very smart and knows perfectly how to approach a dispute to get the most out of it’; and Pablo Jiménez De Parga, who has particular knowledge of corporate governance issues.

Other key lawyers:

Librado Loriente; Pablo Jiménez de Parga; Javier López; José María Abella


‘ECIJA lawyers demonstrate great involvement in each of the judicial procedures, having great knowledge of the sports sector, and in particular football. José María Abella is a lawyer with extensive experience, tremendously thorough in the study and defence of each procedure, having as a great virtue the trust he generates in the client and his technical knowledge.’

‘Ecija lawyers are excellent in litigation. They have extensive experience in processing contentious-administrative claims. They always provide practical advice to avoid litigation and are excellent at achieving good results.’

‘I work mainly with Javier López, whom I consider an excellent lawyer; he is very smart and knows perfectly how to approach a dispute to get the most out of it. I would highlight his experience and knowledge of the functioning of the courts as his outstanding aspects. ’

‘The Ecija team has great capabilities, technically they are very good but they also work on matters with a motivation that is difficult to find today; they put themselves in your shoes and go beyond what is expected. ’

‘The support provided by the team led by Javier López gives us the confidence to reach a satisfactory solution for each specific issue.’

‘In my modest opinion it is the personal involvement of the team in Zaragoza, the availability, taking the client’s dispute as their own, suffering the consequences with them… they provide security and trust.’

‘We work with ECIJA in various matters since they offer the advantage of being experts in law and technology. We especially value advice prior to the start of conflicts, to avoid them or to be prepared to face them.’

‘Our trusted ECIJA lawyer is Javier López. It gives us peace of mind to know that we can go to him when a problem arises and that he will guide us on how we should act. In particular, we like the strategic approach with which conflicts are faced, which often turns problems into opportunities.’

Key clients


ING Bank


LG Electronics



Starlite International Festival




Atlético de Madrid Football Club

Partido Aragonés

Santander Bank

Helidosa Aviation Group


M&C Saachi Group


Sky TV



Kualian’s investors


Avatel Telecom

Colt Technology

Zur Rose


Totem (Orange)


Phoenix Entertainment

Tecnalis Solutions Providers



Accor Hotels

Work highlights

  • Defended H&M in a lawsuit filed by a swimwear designer, claiming infringement of her design.
  • Defended Repsol in legal proceedings at the Audiencia Nacional.
  • Represents ACCOR in a dispute with BARCELONA PROJECT’S over the termination of a Hotel Management Agreement (HMA) after the latter filed for bankruptcy.

Eversheds Sutherland

Eversheds Sutherland excels at handling both litigation and arbitration matters, frequently representing clients before some of the most prominent arbitration chambers in Spain and internationally, including ICC, ICSID, and UNCITRAL. The firm demonstrates tenacity in disputes related to infrastructure, energy, and oil and gas investments, particularly on a cross-border basis, leveraging its connections with the firm’s international arbitration practice group. The team is jointly led by four practitioners: Antonio Bravo, the head of the firm’s Latin American alliance and trusted adviser to companies operating in the energy, telecoms, and construction sectors; Marta González, who focuses on intellectual property-related advice for pharmaceutical companies; civil and commercial litigation specialist José Mariano Cruz; and Kiko Carrión, who is sought after by clients from the pharmaceutical, biotechnology, and healthcare industries. Recently promoted counsel José Sánchez de León is a name to note for international matters concerning M&A, construction, energy and antitrust disputes.

Practice head(s):

Antonio Bravo; Kiko Carrión; Marta González; José Mariano Cruz

Other key lawyers:

José Sánchez de León; Inmaculada López


‘We have a long-standing relationship with Eversheds. We feel that they are very client-oriented and provide quick responses.’

‘We work mainly with Kiko Carrión for dispute resolution. He has an excellent reputation as a dispute resolution lawyer and we are very happy to work with him.’

‘They defend and protect our interests against third parties in an exceptional manner.’

‘Their knowledge of the market and their extensive experience mean that they advise and manage us very well.’

Key clients

Bnp Paribas

Parker Hannifin






American Express

General Electric



Plastic Omnium

Laboratorios Hipra

Xl Insurance (Axa)

DIF Capital Partners



Johnson Controls


J Almoguera Abogados

Boutique firm J Almoguera Abogados excels in dispute resolution; high-stakes bankruptcy, restructuring, corporate, financial, and antitrust disputes are core areas of strength for the team, which serves as a key resource for leading international banks, hedge funds, and corporates. The group is well equipped to advise on pre-litigation and litigation, and also maintains a strong arbitration practice that is regularly engaged in some of Spain’s most complex proceedings. The ‘extremely efficient’ team is led by founder Jesús Almoguera and newly promoted partners Carlos González Pulido and Eduardo Vázquez De Prada, who ‘work tirelessly, with great attention to the client’s needs‘. Gonzáles is described as a ‘magnificent lawyer, who conducts matters in a remarkable manner, giving confidence to his interlocutors‘, and together with Vázquez serves as key contact for corporate, antitrust, and financial disputes. Commercial and corporate litigation specialist Mónica Zarzalejos is also of note.

Practice head(s):

Jesús Almoguera; Eduardo Vázquez de Prada; Carlos González Pulido

Other key lawyers:

Mónica Zarzalejos


‘J Almoguera Abogados is a leading boutique specialised in dispute resolution, bankruptcy law and restructuring in the Spanish market. They frequently advise investment funds and multinational companies with a “tailored” service and highly personalsed attention.’

‘The team formed by Jesus Almoguera and Carlos González is extremely efficient. They work tirelessly, with great attention to the client’s needs. This fact differentiates them from other large law firms, where attention to client needs is very diluted. They are a team that works very well with other firms, as they do not usually have blatant conflicts of interest. I have personally used them as lead advisers in conjunction with a couple of other firms, and they have clearly acted as the coordinators of the process without problem.’

‘They accompany the client as a true partner beyond a specific dispute and provide a very humane treatment.’

Jones Day

With demonstrable experience in the construction, energy, and infrastructure sectors, Jones Day‘s dispute resolution practice is well equipped to represent clients in proceedings at all levels of the Spanish court system, as well as in international arbitration cases before major tribunals, including ICSID and ICC. The team operates on a global scale, regularly liaising with the firm’s offices across Europe, Asia, Latin America, and the US. Mercedes Fernández , lauded as ‘an authority in construction arbitration' spearheads the group, and her litigation experience includes disputes involving construction contracts, civil engineering projects, and energy projects. Also of note is Antonio Canales, an ESG expert who assists clients with a range of judicial and arbitration proceedings.

Practice head(s):

Mercedes Fernández

Other key lawyers:

Antonio Canales; Carlota Domínguez; Gonzalo Hierro


‘They truly pay attention to detail and show great availability and mastery of the facts of the case.’

‘Jones Day dispute resolution attorneys are in charge of developing an effective strategy. This is an exceptional team at managing the client’s expectations and establishing the type of evidence that is necessary to provide in each case. Virtual project management is exceptional, providing the tools for meetings to flow even though attendees are not in the same room.’

‘The personal treatment is simultaneously very professional and close. From my last collaboration with Mercedes Fernández, Antonio Canales and Gonzalo Hierro, I would highlight their understanding and dedication to the methodologies used in expert reports. Always with time to clarify doubts and align the strategy. ’

‘An excellent team, very outstanding at the level of the partners that make it up.’

‘Mercedes Fernández is an authority in construction arbitration and also brings extensive experience in managing conflicts in their pre-arbitral stage. Antonio Canales is a great expert in the subject of infrastructure in its contentious side.’

‘Mercedes Fernández and Antonio Canales are excellent people, with great finesse and legal solidity and great work capacity.’

‘Jones Day has a great dispute resolution team in Madrid. The strategic vision of the team and the involvement of the partners in the issue is especially interesting. From the point of view of diversity, technology and collaboration, it is at the highest standard of international arbitration with which we have been able to work. ’

‘Mercedes Fernández is surely one of the most brilliant and dedicated lawyers we have been able to work with in international arbitration. She is firm, clear, writes very well and her performance in court is forceful. Senior Associate Carlota Domínguez is impeccable.


With an expanding international network, ONTIER is reputed for the depth of its expertise in litigation and arbitration matters, regularly advising on commercial and civil disputes. Serving as a key point of contact for clients across diverse industries, including retail, fashion, entertainment, food and beverage, and energy, the team is led by Pedro Rodero Rodríguez and Cristina Camarero Espinosa, who continue to act on some of Spain’s most intricate disputes. In team news, the practice has bolstered its arbitration capabilities with the hire of Mercedes Romero from DAC Beachcroft LLP, who joined the team in January 2023 and is acclaimed as ‘one of the best lawyers in the world of arbitration‘. Marta Rodrigo Lavilla is noted for her performance in civil litigation.

Practice head(s):

Pedro Rodero Rodríguez; Cristina Camarero Espinosa

Other key lawyers:

Mercedes Romero; Marta Rodrigo Lavilla; José Luis Cabello Contreras; Miguel Fernández Benavides


‘Ontier is providing us with excellent service, with a very professional, agile, rigorous and very dedicated team. Very accurate, punctual and exact advice. Furthermore, they are very flexible and have been able to adapt perfectly to the peculiarities of the client. I would highlight the great ability to assimilate technical concepts and their ability to anticipate and solve problems. ’

‘José Luis Cabello Contreras has managed the matter excellently, with great professionalism and technical rigour. ’

‘The firm has incorporated Mercedes Romero, who is one of the best lawyers in the world of arbitration.’

‘The ONTIER litigation and arbitration team is a cohesive, very close, flexible and accessible. With great knowledge of the sectors in which its clients carry out their activity.’

‘I would highlight the way of working of the lawyers in this team in an outstanding way: from the formulation of the strategy, the drafting of the briefs, the preparation of the evidence and the hearings, with great thoroughness.’

‘The key is closeness, empathy and enormous professionalism. Excellent professionals with great human quality. Pedro Rodero Rodríguez, Cristina Camarero Espinosa and José Luis Cabello Contreras are recommended.’

‘Cristina Camarero is an all-rounder. Apart from her enormous procedural experience and her personal involvement in the issues, she provides us with a vision of great value for the company. Miguel Fernández Benavides is an extraordinary legal scholar. He evaluates all alternatives and proposes innovative strategies that are very valuable to us.’

‘They are very detailed and invest time in understanding the case from all angles. Cristina Camarero provides a very practical vision that reflects her extensive experience in dispute resolution.’

Key clients

Universalpay Entidad de Pago



Vodafone España, S.A.U.


Work highlights

  • Advised Universalpay Entidad de Pago on a dispute against a Spanish bank in relation to the infringement of one of the agreements entered into within a joint venture alliance pursuant to a change of control.
  • Acted for EPICA in the initiation of an arbitration proceeding against four Spanish companies.
  • Advised Dentix on a claim over the fulfilment of an Investment and Shareholders Agreement against a large investment fund who had previously invoked the termination of such agreement alleging a Material Adverse Change.

Ramón y Cajal Abogados

The ‘completely client-oriented‘ litigation team at Ramón y Cajal Abogados excels in all types of national and international disputes. The group handles contentious matters related to the construction, infrastructure, energy, finance, and real estate sectors, acting for a diverse client roster that includes some of the largest Spanish corporates and financial institutions. Post-M&A disputes are a particular strength of the team, as is representation in arbitration proceedings before the main international arbitration courts. Madrid-based Ramón Fernández-Aceytuno and Luis Briones in Barcelona co-lead the team; Fernández-Aceytuno focuses on business restructuring processes and is highly sought out by large companies and financial institutions in pre-insolvency and insolvency proceedings, while Briones has a track record of representing defendants in judicial and arbitration cases involving civil and commercial law. The ‘outstandingFernando Tallón and Fernando Manzanedo are also part of the core team.

Practice head(s):

Ramón Fernández-Aceytuno; Luis Briones

Other key lawyers:

Fernando Manzanedo; Carmen Fernández-Hontoria; Fernando Tallón; Eduardo Reigadas; Víctor Rodríguez de Vera


‘The Ramón y Cajal team stands out for its high degree of professionalism, perfection of its work and optimal advice.’

‘Ramón Fernández-Aceytuno is a great professional who knows how to understand the client’s needs and offers completely adapted and effective advice.’

‘Closeness and flexibility in its adaptation to the client’s needs.’

‘Ramón y Cajal has an outstanding dispute resolution department. In recent years they have become a benchmark in the sector of banking disputes and large claims.’

‘The team is completely client-oriented and perfectly aligned with the needs of the matters.’

‘I would highlight the specialisation and knowledge of the sector. Likewise, they demonstrate great dedication to each matter. They are very detailed and demanding on a technical level. ’

‘The team is exceptional, there is a distribution of tasks, coordination and respect among them that results in fluid and motivating work.’

‘What makes them stand out is that they have outstanding technical preparation, their relationship with the client is close and they know how to transmit ideas, concepts and needs in an understandable, close and immediate way. Fernando Tallón and Víctor Rodríguez de Vera are outstanding.’

Key clients

Banco Santander, S.A.

Caixabank, S.A.

Gesternova. S.A.

Abanca Corporacion Bancaria, S.A.

Fundación Real Maestranza De Caballería De Sevilla

Deutsche Bank, S.A.

Ortiz Construcciones Y Proyectos, S.A.

Unicaja Banco, S.A.

Redexis, S.A.

Kutxabank, S.A.

Bankinter, S.A.

Carmila España, S.L.

Sociedad De Gestión De Activos Procedentes De La Reestructuración Bancaria, S.A. (Sareb)

Borges International Group

Renta 4 Banco, S.A.

Ortiz Construcciones S.A. Y Tecnología De La Construcción Y Obras Públicas S.A. (Tecopsa)

Epsilon Hotels, S.L. (Grupo Hotusa)

Galena Hotels, S.L.U. (Grupo Hotusa)

Singular Bank, S.A.U.

Work highlights

  • Representing Kutxabank in a preliminary ruling made to the Court of Justice of the European Union.
  • Representing Ortiz Construcciones and Tecopsa in a judicial proceeding in relation to a corporate conflict between some of its shareholders.
  • Successfully represented Sociedad de Gestión de Activos Procedentes de la Reestructuración Bancaria S.A. in proceedings against Dulcinea.

Addleshaw Goddard

Shareholders’ disputes, civil litigation, post-M&A disputes, and white-collar crime litigation mandates are core workflows for the team at Addleshaw Goddard. It assists a mix of Spanish, European and multinational corporates from an array of sectors, including energy, industrial, real estate, sports, financial, and retail. Alfredo Guerrero, praised for his ‘excellent technical-legal knowledge,’ guides the team that also includes José Carlos Fraga, a trusted adviser to domestic and international clients on civil, commercial, and criminal matters, and Fernando Badenes, whose expertise spans commercial, insolvency, and restructuring law.

Practice head(s):

Alfredo Guerrero

Other key lawyers:

José Carlos Fraga; Fernando Badenes


‘It is the law firm with which we work in Spain that deserves our greatest trust. They are dedicated, competent and very hard-working. They follow our most complex processes with enormous competence and success.’

‘Alfredo Guerrero is an accomplished lawyer, a litigation lawyer like few others, both in defining the strategy and in its execution. An extraordinary lawyer who we really enjoyed working with and whom we trust completely. I also highlight José Carlos Fraga for his commitment and dedication.’

‘Very solid team, with in-depth legal knowledge and work capacity, with very detailed analysis of issues in all their aspects, providing the client with a lot of confidence that all relevant aspects of the matter have been seen and considered. Concern about understanding the economic matter in question. Billing is transparent.’

Key clients

EDP Energias de Portugal

EDP Renováveis

Valencia Club de Fútbol, S.A.D.


Merit Group

Investec Bank Plc

Santa Lucía, S.A.

Landwich Capital, S.L.

Inapa Distribución de Papel

Colliers International Spain

Meriton Holdings

Page Group

Kronos Investment Group

Moira Capital Partners

Work highlights

  • Advising the Portuguese financial institution Novobanco in criminal proceedings against several former employees of the bank who for the last 12 years have been committing several offences against the bank and its clients.
  • Advised Valencia Club de Fútbol on proceedings started by Mediaset for the alleged breach of IP rights of the former regarding the transmission of the signal of the football match of the Royal Cup between VCF against Betis held on 23 April 2022 by VCF by means of giant screens installed in a Fan Zone.

Bird & Bird

The ‘excellent’ team at Bird & Bird has a balanced litigation and arbitration practice, particularly excelling in disputes related to contractual breaches, insolvency proceedings, unfair competition, illegal advertising, and banking matters. The team acts for clients from an array of sectors, encompassing IT, energy, aviation, biotechnology, real estate, and construction. Leading the practice is Pablo Berenguer, who has ‘an outstanding performance in the courts’, and ‘is able to conduct the case with high-level legal arguments while combining technical aspects specific to the area in controversy’ . Also of note are commercial disputes expert Alfonso Carillo CanoAna Lois, noted for her capabilities in all types of judicial and arbitration proceedings; and the ‘always availableSofia Manzanares, who is skilled in commercial and insolvency cases.

Practice head(s):

Pablo Berenguer

Other key lawyers:

Alfonso Carrillo Cano; Ana Lois; Sofía Manzanares


‘I highlight the performance of the litigation partner Alfonso Carrillo Cano. Performs an exhaustive analysis of the issues, transfers them appropriately to the client, maintaining attentive and fluid communication. Proposes alternatives and solves problems, providing the peace of mind that the client requires. His good knowledge of law and practice provides him with resources to face the difficulties that a matter may encounter.’

‘Pablo Berenguer has an outstanding performance in the courts. He is able to conduct the case with high-level legal arguments while combining technical aspects specific to the area in controversy.’

‘An exceptional team. At the forefront in terms of innovative solutions and strategy approach in accordance what jurisprudence requires (vital in tech cases in Spain). It seems to me that Bird & Bird is one step ahead at a strategic level, which is decisive for what will come next.’

‘Pablo Berenguer, in addition to being a true strategist and a master of theoretical practice, is an honest lawyer with his clients and counterparties. His way of delving into the depths of a problem to make both parties satisfied and avoid conflicts in the room is worthy of recognition.’

‘Leading team in several areas, lots of experience and track record.’

‘Alfonso is an excellent lawyer, decisive and practical.’

‘The stand out associate is Sofía Manzanares. She mainly works with us and is always available. She does a great job.’

Key clients

Bahía Fenicia Residencial, S.L.

Fiduciam Nominees Limited

Sidercom Inmobiliaria, S.L.U.

Pontegadea España, S.L.U.


AQ Acentor

Allied Developments Limited

Fonderie De Bretagne / Renault

Viroque Mining, S.L.

Westjet Airlines Ltd

Free Morgan Foundation

Biotech Nature, S.L.

Island Green Power Spain Limited

Neoelectra Energía, S.L.U.

FMC Chemical S.R.L./B.V.

Intercentros Ballesol, S.A.


Arcosphera, S.L.

DZ Licores, S.L.U.

Zenitram Investments SICAV

Yoogen 1 LLP

Work highlights

  • Advising NEOELECTRA ENERGÍA, S.L.U. on a dispute against GASELA gmbH in relation to a natural gas sale purchase agreement.
  • Representing FMC CHEMICAL S.R.L./B.V. (as co-defendant) in a product liability litigation versus the Spanish company SESUR SEMILLA Y EXPORTACIÓN, S.L. related to the alleged damages (financial losses) caused by a phytosanitary product.
  • Advising FIDUCIAM NOMINEES, a UK debt fund specialised in real estate bridge lending, on the recovery of a number of defaulted or near default transactions through foreclosures proceedings.

Ceca Magán Abogados

A range of multinational corporates, business groups, family businesses and SMEs turn to Ceca Magán Abogados for assistance in all types of litigation and arbitration, including disputes related to the civil, corporate, commercial, and real estate areas. The team is co-led by Emilio Gude Menéndez and Jesús Carrasco; Menéndez specialises in contractual disputes, while Carrasco brings expertise in construction, property, and transport matters. Other notable figures in the team include Antonio Valmaña, who heads up the inheritance and family law area, and Patricia Rosell Domínguez, who joined in January 2023 from Lener.

Practice head(s):

Emilio Gude Menéndez; Jesús Carrasco

Other key lawyers:

Antonio Valmaña; Patricia Martínez Díez; Paola Rodiles-San Miguel Olalla


‘The Ceca Magán litigation team is very complete and very competent. They work as a team and are very effective in the matters entrusted to them, always demonstrating great technical and human capacity.’

‘The CECA Magán team has highly specialided lawyers in each of the areas or matters in dispute resolution. The advantage of CECA Magán is that it always assigns more than one professional to each case, normally combining a lawyer who specializes in the matter with another lawyer who deeply knows the client and their way of acting and needs. Its availability is absolute.’

‘They count on the client at all times. They make an effort to listen to us and understand our point of view and desires. Absolute availability, even after hours. They are all outstanding.’

Key clients


Leroy Merlin

Amper, S.A.

Alvaro Estancona, Ignacio Sánchez Y Santiago Chivite


Auro New Transport Concept, S.L.

Time Consultants


Cañadas Fitness, S.L.

Lambda Digital, S.L.

Vita Green Europa, S.A.

Work highlights

  • Defending Decathlon in several litigation proceedings.
  • Acted gpt Amper S.A. in the claim stemming from the alleged provision of services from the sale of AMPERs Asia Pacific business.
  • Acting on behalf of Leroy Merlin in several litigation cases regarding distribution agreements and real estate matters.


DWF-RCD specialises in commercial and corporate litigation, catering to clients from an array of industries including energy, real estate, banking, finance, telecoms, and construction. In addition to advising on both pre-litigation and litigation proceedings, it is is also proficient at managing domestic and international arbitration cases. Key figures include Alfonso Maristany; Ignacio Benejam, who focuses his practice on corporate, financial, contractual, and personal liability matters; Jordi Sanchez, a specialist in commercial litigation; Xavier Fabrega, who specialises in IP litigation; and Felipe Cabredo, who is knowledgeable of procedural law.

Practice head(s):

Ignacio Benejam; Jordi Sánchez; Alfonso Maristany; Felipe Cabredo

Other key lawyers:

Xavier Fabrega


Offering guidance across all areas of securities litigation, franchising, and litigation funding, the group at Fieldfisher attracts a spread of high-profile clients spanning the financial, retail, restaurant, and franchising sectors. Clients commend its capabilities, noting its proficiency ‘in the processing of procedures before the civil chamber of the Supreme Court, allowing them to manage matters rigorously from the beginning to their complete resolution’. The practice is co-led by commercial and securities litigation specialists Jordi Ruiz de Villa and Pablo Franquet; Andrés de la Quadra-Salcedo, who is knowledgeable of pre-litigation consultancy procedures; and Mercedes Caral, an expert in conflict management who serves as a go-to adviser for family businesses on corporate and inheritance disputes.

Practice head(s):

Jordi Ruiz de Villa; Andrés de la Quadra-Salcedo; Pablo Franquet; Mercedes Caral

Other key lawyers:

Miguel Mejías; Andrés Palomo


‘Closeness, availability and extremely high knowledge – Andrés de la Quadra-Salcedo and Andrés Palomo stand out.’

‘The lawyer Mercè Caral is an expert in civil law. When necessary, she consulted professors and other experts on very specific points to set the strategy.’

‘The firm has a seasoned litigation department that is knowledgeable about the procedures.’

Key clients

Antonia Susana Jimenez Rodriguez

Tastia Group

Smes Shopping Centres

Mcdonald’s, Slu

Adolfo Dominguez, S.A.

Mcdonald’s Corporation And Mcdonald’s, Slu

Francens Valerie

Melia Hotels International

Francisco Muñiz

Disa Corporacion Petrolifera, S.A. (“Disa Group”)

Henderson & Jones Limited

Neinor Homes

Etra Group (Etrabras Ltda And Etralux, S.A)

Ms. María Ortega Cantos And Ms. Isabel María Ortega Cantos (“Ortega Cantos Sisters”)


Work highlights

  • Represented HENDERSON & JONES LTD. against a Spanish company applying English Law before the Spanish Courts, reaching a favourable settlement agreement for the client.

Ius+Aequitas Trial Lawyers

Skilled in disputes involving civil, commercial, criminal, administrative, labour, and insolvency law, the group at Ius+Aequitas Trial Lawyers is a key point of contact for clients from a range of sectors, including healthcare, banking, sports, real estate, technology, and commerce. It is well versed at resolving disputes both in the courts and tribunals in Spain and abroad, including complex arbitration and mediation proceedings. Commended by a client as ‘very detailed, serious, strategic, and intelligent',  Eliseo M. Martínez chairs the practice, leveraging his 20 years of experience as a litigator and arbitrator. Carlos López-Mélida has ‘great ability to delve into topics and look at every detail of the matter‘ and serves as a key contact for commercial and IP-related disputes. Also of note is Tomás Villatoro, who heads the civil litigation and ADR practice, and has a track record of dealing with bankruptcy cases, both as administrator and mediator.

Practice head(s):

Eliseo M. Martínez

Other key lawyers:

Carlos López-Mélida; Tomás Villatoro; Carolina González de la Fuente;


‘Eliseo Martínez and Tomás Villatoro stand out. They are an excellent team, and I believe they are the best in Spain, with extensive knowledge of law and client service. Their work methodology is very good and efficient, prioritising the client’s interests.’

‘Tomás Villatoro is a very expert lawyer, with great knowledge of legal processes.’

‘Reaction capacity and knowledge of the law. I feel very calm entering a courtroom with them.’

Key clients

Dentix Group

OCU – Organización de Consumidores y Usuarios

Natural Mining Resources

The Carlton Group

D.I.S. – Esportes e Organizaçao de Eventos & Federaçao das Associaçoes dos Atletas Profissionais” (FAAP)

BQ Mobile

Mariló Montero

“Plataforma de Perjudicados de Abengoa, Asociación de Víctimas”

Laser Medical Rent


NGE Guintoli

Habtur Balears

Work highlights

  • Appointed as the sole bankruptcy administrator of Dentix Group, handling of the sale of the group to Advent International and the labour force adjustment plan (ERE) of 4500 employees.
  • Appointed as an insolvency administrator of Natural Mining Resources, one of the main Spanish business conglomerates still active in the coal and clay mining industry.
  • Representing the Brazilian companies D.I.S and the Brazilian Football Federation FAAB in their €39m claim against Neymar Jr. and FC Barcelona, among others, for the economic rights of the companies as part of the transfer of the player to the Spanish team in 2013.

PwC Tax & Legal Services

PwC Tax & Legal Services has a sizeable and well-balanced litigation and arbitration practice that advises on a range of disputes spanning sectors such as energy, food, entertainment, biotechnology, and retail. The firm is adept at providing guidance in both national and international arbitration proceedings, leveraging the strength of its teams across 45 global offices. Leading the team are Ana Ribó López in Barcelona, a key point of contact for companies in the Catalonia region, and Javier Gilsanz Usunaga, a Madrid-based practitioner with significant experience in civil litigation disputes, including those arising from contract liability, tort cases, corporate decisions, and director liability issues.

Practice head(s):

Ana Ribó López; Javier Gilsanz Usunaga

Other key lawyers:

Glòria Serón

Key clients

Comsa Corporation


Portobello Capital


Coca Cola


Molnlycke Healthcare

Norvet Group

Euronegro España S.L


Tech Education

Work highlights

  • Advising Comsa Corporación on claims related to the worldwide supply chain breakdown because of the Covid-19 pandemic.
  • Representing Plastiverd in a commercial litigation case in relation to a purchase agreement for heavy equipment and the unfulfillment thereof by the counterparties, a German and a Polish company.
  • Representing PORTOBELLO CAPITAL, as a defendant, in an international arbitration conducted in English before the Chambers of Commerce in Spain.

SLJ Abogados

The team at SLJ Abogados focuses on civil and commercial litigation, handling disputes arising from M&A, joint ventures, business groupings, and conflicts between companies and their shareholders. Its client roster includes several multinationals across diverse sectors such as hospitality, banking, private equity, and technology. The team is well versed in arbitration proceedings, and frequently represents corporate entities, governments, and financial institutions in both Spanish and international cases. Daniel Jiménez, who leads the practice, is hailed by clients as a ‘top-class litigator with experience in high-value international litigation‘. Other noteworthy include corporate law specialist Carlota Sánchez Pego and Yu Guan, who advises on both litigation and pre-litigation phases.

Practice head(s):

Daniel Jiménez

Other key lawyers:

Carlota Sánchez Pego; Yu Guan


‘The team at SLJ Abogados have an outstanding dispute resolution practice; we have engaged them to provide expert advice on key risks and merits of litigation.’

‘Daniel Jiménez takes the time to understand the risks of litigation from a commercial perspective and has been adeptly able to identify solutions to mitigate risks. He has a broad understanding of the business drivers and how these integrate with the Spanish legal system, this has provided immeasurable value when assessing litigation from a funders perspective.’

‘Daniel Jiménez is a top-class litigator with experience of high-value international litigation and a strong ethos of client care.’

‘Daniel Jiménez is an all-round proceduralist (since he knows countless industries/sectors) and a three-sword when it comes to litigating in Spain. ’

‘Excellent team for criminal cases involving fraudulent bankruptcies or civil cases involving damage claims.’

‘Daniel Jiménez is a great lawyer who perfectly handles both civil cases and criminal cases, which is unusual in the sector. At the same time, Daniel stands out for his strategic analysis and excellent negotiation skills.’

‘Great litigators, with exhaustive preparation of cases and a very reliable knowledge of the legal system. The relationship is very simple and direct, adapting to the client’s needs.’

Key clients

UBS Bank

Hewlett Packard

Meliá Hotels International



KKR Funds


Varde Partners

Globalia Corporacion

Orhard Global


Magnetar Capital

Nevasco Marketing

Augusta Ventures

Globalia Corporación

Hainai Taimei Air Stock Co. Ltd.

Work highlights

  • Obtained an important victory for the bondholders (Pimco, Anchorage and Algebris) in criminal and civil actions being exercised before the Spanish National Court in relation to the resolution of Banco Popular and its sale to Banco Santander.
  • Represented JJH in the proceedings against two company directors.
  • Representing Meliá Hotels International in a dispute over the reduction of rent of the Meliá Madrid Chamartín Hotel due to Covid-19 economic effects.

Watson Farley & Williams LLP

Watson Farley & Williams LLP's dispute resolution practice operates on a global scale, catering to banks, private equity funds, corporates, family offices, and high-net-worth individuals. The team is frequently advises on civil and commercial matters, including restructuring processes and bankruptcy proceedings. It is also renowned for its prowess in arbitration matters, regularly navigating ICC and domestic cases, while also representing executives and directors in proceedings pertaining to white-collar crime. Victor Mercedes leads the practice, bringing his experience as a former State attorney to provide skilled advice on criminal law matters, corporate crime, and compliance; he is a frequent presence before Spanish criminal courts, including the national and supreme courts.

Practice head(s):

Víctor Mercedes

Other key lawyers:

Sofia Fernández


‘Its agility and flexibility to seek a tailored solution in each procedural scenario, taking into account the potential risks derived from the conflict sets the team apart. The sensitivity to assess criminal risks taking into account the client’s particular circumstances is also of note.’

Key clients




Lombard Odier

Malaysia Airlines

Maderna Fonder


Work highlights

  • Advised ENEL on various contractual disputes against owners of relevant parcels of land, in which ENEL operates several renewable energy plants.
  • Advised Malaysia Airlines on various commercial disputes filed by consumers before Madrid Courts alleging breaches of contract in relation to specific transportation and aviation regulations.
  • Advised Maderna Fonder AB on several distressed assets acquisitions and related commercial and insolvency litigation in Palma de Mallorca and Marbella.

AGM Abogados

AGM Abogados has a ‘very powerful team‘ that advises on insurance litigation, contractual and corporate disputes (including shareholder and director liability claims), and its client roster includes a number of leading Spanish corporates. It is also proficient in handling arbitration proceedings, including claims involving foreign parties and the enforcement of foreign judgments in Spain. Civil and commercial litigation expert Sergio López Ejarque heads the practice and is based in Barcelona. Other key figures include head of the Madrid office Gregorio Riber Arranz, insurance law specialist Miguel Noriega Díaz, and Guillermo Bayas, a member of both the New York and Barcelona bar associations.

Practice head(s):

Sergio López; Gregorio Riber

Other key lawyers:

Guillermo Bayas; Miguel Noriega Díaz


‘Excellent predisposition, accessibility and closeness. Direct contact with the partner is an essential value for us. He knows us and we know him, so the degree of trust makes it easy to be very efficient.’

‘Sergio López – excellent personalised treatment, proactive and always attentive to opportunities. Very good negotiator on our behalf.’

‘Sergio López stands out for his willingness to delve deeper into the issues that allow him to have greater knowledge of the situation, resulting in a correct approach to the proposed solution.’

Key clients


Administrador de Infraestructuras Ferroviarias (ADIF)

Telefónica España

AIG Europe

RSA Luxembourg

Grupo Inditex


Starr Insurance & Reinsurance Limited

American Tower Corporation

Transfesa Logistics

Balfegó Group

Mémora Servicios Funerarios

Akzo Nobel Coatings

Grupo Sacresa

Media Markt

Elektra Group

Rakuten TV Europe

FIATC Mutua de Seguros y Reaseguros

Generali Seguros

Grupo Ambar

Initium Automatización y Robótica

Guzmán Gastronomía

Bo de Debò

Copisa Constructora Pirenaica

Franchising Calzedonia España

Endesa Distribución Eléctrica, S.L.

Axa XL

Work highlights

  • Acting for a R&D company in a €30m claim involving various jurisdictions.
  • Representing FIATC Mutua de Seguros y Reaseguros, an insurance company, in a €5.5m multi-partied claim following a fire in a hotel.
  • Acting for Andvardi SP Z.O.O., a Polish company, requesting recognition and enforcement of a $5m arbitral award issued in Cyprus against a Russian national.

Araoz & Rueda

Araoz & Rueda specialises in handling cases related to post-acquisition disputes and conflicts among shareholders, and the practice is particularly well-known for its energy sector expertise, most notably expropriation proceedings related to the development of new infrastructure and mining projects. The team, which handles both litigation and arbitration matters, is led by Eduardo de León , a key contact for administrative law issues; recently promoted partner Ángel Freire; and Alejandro Fernández de Araoz, an expert in corporate and commercial litigation as well as insolvency matters.

Practice head(s):

Eduardo de León; Ángel S. Freire; Alejandro Fernández de Araoz


‘Cohesive, solid team, totally oriented to the client’s needs with exceptional service and ability to anticipate problems.’

‘Commitment and flexibility.’

‘Team prepared and updated on the latest news.’

‘This is a team in which there is a lot of talent. The professionals who work there are highly knowledgeable in their specialty. Their advice is prudent, reasoned, intelligent. They stand out especially for their personalised, tailored and immediate treatment on each occasion.’

‘Tailor-made treatment combined with enormous knowledge They also stand out especially for their interpersonal skills.’


Clients turn to Auren for assistance with various types of litigation, including matters related to banking and financial products, including swaps, stock options, and mortgage loans, among others. The team is also adept at handling insolvency and bankruptcy proceedings, representing both banks and creditors. Backed by 25 years of experience, Daniel Saez Castro heads up the team and has particular knowledge of commercial, insolvency, labour, and IT law. Cristina Romero Domínguez is another key lawyer in this space.

Practice head(s):

Daniel Sáez Castro

Other key lawyers:

Cristina Romero Domínguez


‘Personalised treatment. Partners are personally involved in matters and know everything that is happening.’

‘Technically, they are very good and cover all areas but what I value most is their sincerity. If they don’t see that a matter can prosper, they say so.’

‘AUREN is a firm that is very concerned with understanding the client’s business well. They have technical knowledge, which greatly facilitates mutual understanding and explanations. They maintain great proactivity with us regarding both regulatory and jurisprudential evolution, with practical application to our reality. They have great flexibility in adapting billing to the specific circumstances of the case.’

‘Daniel Sáez is a very dynamic and close person.’

‘Daniel Sáez conveys the possible options and defence strategies very well, helping a lot in decision-making.’

‘Their professional knowledge of the matters for which they have been hired is profound. We highly value their closeness and proximity to our legal team and involvement in matters.’

‘The litigation team are excellent professionals who dig deep, innovate, and stay ahead of the game.’

‘The team is coordinated and cohesive. Trained, accessible, very efficient people… What I would highlight about Auren is that they are very efficient and that results in savings for their clients. ’

Key clients



Banco Cooperativo Español, S.A.


Caja Rural Granada


Ovelar Sa

Caixa Rural Galega




Banco Santander


Equifax Ibérica

Solvia Servicios Inmobiliarios Sl

Edificaciones E Inversiones Alfort

Intrum Group


Sident Marketing

Energetica Evra S.L.|Inergialuz S.L.

Work highlights

  • Advised Toyota on all claims brought by purchasers before any commercial court.
  • Advised AENA on seven legal proceedings in which either rents or rent updates are claimed from companies that occupy the spaces in the airports managed by the client.
  • Advised Banco Cooperativo Español on several proceedings related to claims for annulment of swaps contracts and other financial transactions.

Ayuela Jiménez

Ayuela Jiménez has a well-rounded litigation and arbitration practice that specialises in matters related to the hospitality industry, corporate and sports law. It handles both domestic and cross-border cases, and its client roster includes real estate, financial, and energy companies. Pablo Torán Umbert and Eduardo Ayuela Zurita stand at the helm of the practice and are aided by Javier Martinez.

Practice head(s):

Pablo Toran Umbert; Eduardo Ayuela Zurita

Other key lawyers:

Javier Martinez


‘Ayuela is a great firm, very competent in various branches of commercial, civil and criminal economic law. Its partners are always available and dedicate themselves body and soul to their affairs, whatever their financial importance. They are versatile and study issues with great sophistication.’

‘Eduardo and Pablo are excellent lawyers.’

Key clients


Soltec Energías Renovables

Soltec Energías Renovables S

Borja Ruiz Mateos SL & Borja Ruiz Mateos

Burger King Spain

Spanish Chamber of Arbitration

Voltereta Records


Asociación de usuarios de club andaluz 720


Madrid International Arbitration Court

Claim BNB

Pelican CAP

Regal Hong Kong hotel

Moisés Galeano

Work highlights

  • Assisted Marillion SL in a claim against the former directors of the Senija Directorship SL.
  • Assisted Soltec Energías Renovables SL with an arbitration proceeding before the International Chamber of Commerce.
  • Acted for Borja Ruiz Mateos SL and Borja Ruiz Mateos in the arbitration proceeding initiated by the client against Academia de Estudios Mir SL and the counterclaim filed by AMIR.

BROSETA Abogados

With a balanced litigation and arbitration practice, BROSETA Abogados excels in civil and commercial disputes, representing clients across an array of sectors, including banking and finance, construction, real estate, insurance, and energy. Jesús Giner Sánchez, recognised by a client as ‘one of the most reputable lawyers in Spain‘ in the field of arbitration, leads the team. Key practitioners also include Valencia-based Patricia Gualde and José María Rebollo.

Practice head(s):

Jesús Giner

Other key lawyers:

Patricia Gualde; José María Rebollo; Amparo Canillas; Belén Alandete


‘A very solid and very well-coordinated team. The directors or first managers of the area directly serve the client. The quality-price ratio is very interesting, and so is the availability of the team. They act quickly and reliably which gives you guarantee and security.’

‘Full knowledge of the area of ​​procedural law and litigation. They look for alternative solutions and strategies; they investigate and delve deeper.’

‘Broseta has a very complete team in dispute resolution matters, especially in arbitration. They are at the level of the best firms in this matter.’

Key clients

Cabify España, S.L.U. (Formerly Maxi Mobility Spain, S.L.U.)

Cabify España, S.L.U.

Euclid Transactional Europe Gmbh

Star Tic Innovación Et Al., Founding Partners Of Mundo Reader (Bq)

Looping Webs, S.L

Caixabank / Bankinter / Cajamar

Grupo Santa Lucia / Grupo Mapfre

Haya Real Estate


Administrador De Infraestructuras Ferroviarias (Adif)

Work highlights

  • Representing Cabify España in arbitration proceedings brought against Cibeles Comfort Carts, S.L. before the Arbitration Court of Madrid for breach of contract.
  • Representing Swiss Re International SE, Aspen Insurance UK Limited, and SCOR Europe SE and their underwriting agency, Euclid Transactional Europe GmbH, in court proceedings initiated by doValue S.p.A.
  • Acted on behalf of the founding partners of Mundo Reader in arbitration proceedings related to the acquisition of a 51% equity stake in Mundo Reader in 2018 by Vietnamese group Vintech Technology Joint Stock Company.

DAC Beachcroft LLP

With a focus on insurance disputes, DAC Beachcroft LLP advises on mediation, arbitration, and litigation, with a notable emphasis on cross-border cases – particularly within Latin American jurisdictions. The team is highly skilled in advising on policy wordings, global programmes, and coverage disputes, catering to major Spanish and multinational insurance and reinsurance companies, financial institutions, and corporates. José María Álvarez-Cienfuegos, a key contact for insurers and reinsurers involved in multijurisdictional disputes oversees the group alongside accomplished litigators Pilar Rodríguez. In team news, Pablo Guillén joined from Clyde & Co LLP in 2022. Mercedes Romero is no longer at the firm.

Practice head(s):

José María Álvarez-Cienfuegos; Pilar Rodriguez

Other key lawyers:

Pablo Guillén

Key clients

Lloyd’s Syndicate

AXA-XL and Endesa

Chubb European Group Limited

HDI Global SE Sucursal en España

Generali España, S.A. de Seguros y Reaseguros

Work highlights

  • Instructed by Lloyd’s Syndicate to defend their insured, the famous architect firm Renzo Piano Building Workshop, in the different disputes that have arisen in relation to the design and construction of the Botin Centre (Banco Santander) in Santander (North of Spain).
  • Defending AXA-XL in the ongoing criminal proceedings involving the forest fire that took place in Lújar (South of Spain).

Deloitte Legal

With a particular expertise in banking litigation, Deloitte Legal‘s client roster includes some of the largest banks in Spain, who turn to the team for advice related to complex and high-value cases. The team is also well versed in competition infringements, leisure, travel, energy, and sports law-related matters. Barcelona-based Silvia García López and Eduardo Villellas from Madrid co-lead the team and both are skilled arbitrators, frequently acting for clients in the Court of Arbitration of Madrid. Other key lawyers include Álvaro Alarcón, singled out for his ‘great technical capacity and excellent treatment of the client', and Esther Pérez La Orden.

Practice head(s):

Silvia García; Eduardo Villellas

Other key lawyers:

Carlos del Castillo; Álvaro Alarcón; Esther Pérez La Orden; Beatriz Domingo


‘The team covers the client’s needs globally and is involved in the needs of the business as such, in addition to covering the legal aspects. They always show a willingness to collaborate and adapt to the client’s specific needs to promote a long-term relationship.’

‘In my experience they have a more pragmatic point of view and focus on solving problems in an agile way than other firms that are more focused on “what the law says is this”. Beatriz Domingo always shows availability and is quick to offer solutions that fit the client.’

‘Initiative, creativity and intense fight for each issue. I would highlight Alvaro Alarcón and Eduardo Villellas for procedural matters.’

‘It is a young but experienced team, with great technical capacity to propose creative solutions. They work on the development of technology to provide legal tools to consultancies that help optimise work.’

‘They have vast procedural knowledge and are able to find ways to overcome procedural weaknesses by studying the case in detail. I would especially highlight Álvaro Alarcón for his great technical capacity and excellent treatment of the client.’

‘Specifically, Álvaro Alarcón has made us feel that we are a priority client for him. He has adapted the strategy to our business impeccably and treated our judicial and arbitration procedures with excellent technique. ’

‘Great professionals, with practical sense and knowledge of the sector. They provide expertise with flexibility and business orientation.’

‘Without leaving quality aside, they know how to modulate the needs of each case and the cost-opportunity of fighting it.’

Key clients

Banco Santander, S.A.

Aena SME S.A.

CaixaBank, S.A.

ING Bank

Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria S.A. (“BBVA”)

American Express Europe S.A.

Logitravel S.L.U.

Work highlights

  • Acting for Banco Santander in multiple proceedings.
  • Advised Aena on multiple claims.
  • Advised Caixabank on the lawsuits filed by institutional shareholders regarding Bankia’s IPO.

Dikei Abogados

Dikei Abogados‘ dispute resolution practice, recognised for its ‘great experience in litigation across various jurisdictional orders’, is particularly esteemed for advising on claims within the media, automobile, and transport sectors. The team adeptly handles a spectrum of matters, including contractual breaches, rights violations, IP conflicts, debt claims, and family conflicts. Rocío Fernández Domínguez leads the department and is singled out for the ‘breadth of her knowledge in litigation, civil and criminal matters‘; she excels in both mediation and arbitration proceedings.

Practice head(s):

Rocío Fernández Domínguez

Other key lawyers:

Eugenio Margareto; Gerardo Viada


‘What makes the lawyers of this firm stand out is their technical quality. Their teams are perfectly trained and directly oriented to client needs. They are differentiated from many of their competitors for their high availability and strong didactic spirit with clients. As an outstanding partner, I particularly mention Rocío Fernández Domínguez for the breadth of her knowledge in litigation, civil and criminal matters, based on her excellent training and a very solid and consolidated career.’

‘Dikei is a multidisciplinary team, with lawyers specialised in different areas of law. This allows them to provide comprehensive knowledge of the issues that arise. It should be noted that they always carry out a first analysis and propose measures to avoid escalating the controversy, offering not only theoretical knowledge but also advice based on the extensive practice they have. They stand out for their dedication and diligence.’

‘The lawyers stand out for their specialisation in different subjects, for their professionalism and rigour. They seek excellence and offer personalised, close and sincere attention to their clients.’

Key clients

Ediciones El País

Varanda Media

Renault España, S.A

ACS Actividades de Construcción y Servicios

Renault España, S.A

Herederos Mª Eugenia del Castillo Sandonis

Bataclan, Ideas y Espectáculos

José Antonio Celemín Ortiz Villajos

Leonor Yufera Recuenco

Rebeca Alcolea Simo

Javier Millanes diez

Monfobus S.L.

Castromil SAU y Monforte SAU (Grupo MONBUS)

Flamenco Films S.L.

Santiago García Gomez

Work highlights

  • Represented Ediciones el país in a lawsuit regarding information published about a judicial investigation into a well-known consultant and his participation in a scam through a cryptocurrency platform, which affected the savings of thousands of investors.
  • Assisting Veranda Media with a claim for alleged infringement of IP rights.
  • Representing ACS, ACTIVIDADES DE CONSTRUCCIÓN Y SERVICIOS in all legal proceedings related to a claim issued by Iberdrola, a Spanish multinational electric utility company, for alleged defamation.

Fils Legal

A rapidly growing firm with a particular focus on real estate, Fils Legal is skilled at handling disputes involving construction projects and the acquisition of real estate portfolios. Sought after by clients from hospitality and tourism, TMT, technology, life sciences, and banking and finance sectors, the team has recently advised hotel owners on high-value disputes against their lessees under the rebus sic stantibus case law. The team is based in Barcelona and is led by Javier Prieto and Gerard Solé.

Practice head(s):

Javier Prieto; Gerard Solé

Key clients


EXIM Bank of the United States

Anticipa Real Estate

Hotel Investment Partners (HIP)


OCA Global





Work highlights

  • Advised 22 doctors and clinics operating in the ophthalmology sector on a claim filed against Halma, a British group of safety equipment companies.
  • Advised Aliseda, the real estate company created by Banco Santader to manage some high-risk loans and asset portfolios, on several proceedings against Multicines Telde (MT).
  • Advised SEAT on several disputes with two of its key suppliers, whose operations are central to the company’s activity.

GTA Villamagna Abogados

Working across several sectors, GTA Villamagna Abogados advises on a myriad of disputes related to corporate litigation, contractual and tortious liability, agency matters, construction defects, IP rights protection, and competition actions. The team is led by Ernesto García-Trevijano, who is lauded for his ‘excellent technical knowledge enriched with extensive experience‘. Other key figures include Marta Plaza and Jesús Estrada, who collectively ‘put themselves in the client’s shoes‘ and ‘understand their problems‘.

Practice head(s):

Ernesto García-Trevijano

Other key lawyers:

Marta Plaza; Jesús Estrada; Mercedes Bértolo


‘They put themselves in the client’s shoes, understand their problems, advise them from the first day until the process ends. They are able to solve problems on the fly due to the strong preparation they have.’

‘The team is multidisciplinary and allows each case to be coordinated from different points of view, providing the best option through a single interlocutor, making each aspect clear.’

‘Jesús Estrada stands out for his extensive legal knowledge and his ability to interpret contracts. He is able to immediately grasp the client’s needs and transfer them to the rest of the team.’

Key clients

Unión Temporal De Empresas Pedralba-túnel De Padornelo|(Acciona Construcción, S.A. – Obras Subterráneas, S.A.)

Invictus Investments Spain, S.L.

Construcciones Rubau, S.A

Banco Sabadell, S.A

Katanga Inversiones, S.L. And Paradise Hotels & Resorts, S.L.

Ute Operadora Termosolar Villena Y Ute Termosolar Guzmán (Fcc Construcción Industrial, S.A., Fcc Servicios Industriales Y Energéticos, S.A. And Seridom Servicios Integrados Idom, S.A.)

Aldebarán Projects, S.L. (Mr José Baringo Gómez)

Celulosas De Asturias, S.A. (Ence)

Ute Ancho Estándar Sagunto-castellón

A. Pérez Y Cía, S.A.

Work highlights

  • Advising Unión Temporal De Empresas Pedralba-túnel De Padornelo|(Acciona Construcción, S.A. – Obras Subterráneas, S.A.) in the judicial proceedings filed against Sociedad Estatal De Infraestructuras Del Transporte Terrestre, S.M.E., S.A. by means of which the client claims damages caused by the delay in the performance of the works contract for the construction of several tunnels on the high-speed railway line connecting Madrid and Galicia (Spain).
  • Acted for Invictus Investments Spain, S.L. in legal proceedings against the Sellers of Duet Spa & Sports, S.L (with 11 subsidiaries in the sports sector) regarding a breach of the SPA.
  • Advising Construcciones Rubau On the filing of a claim against the owner of a new hospital built in the city of Girona.

Latham & Watkins LLP

Latham & Watkins LLP represents clients in all types of commercial disputes, including private equity, investment funds, and restructuring and insolvency-related litigation. It is also adept at handling arbitration matters, advising on breach of service and share purchase agreements. The team, which is led by Óscar Franco, has secured instructions from a wide range of international clients that include private equity houses, funds, and corporates. Also of note, Roberto Muñoz handles business-critical matters, frequently appearing before Spanish courts and various institutional arbitration venues, such as the ICC, CIMA, and SCC.

Practice head(s):

Óscar Franco

Other key lawyers:

Roberto Muñoz


‘The level of attention and quality of work. Very executive and effective.’

López-Ibor Abogados

Praised for its ‘great technical knowledge‘, the team at López-Ibor Abogados is described as being ‘close to the business and the practical needs of the client‘, excelling particularly in litigation related to civil, commercial, insurance, and criminal matters. The practice is also well versed in representing clients before arbitration tribunals, often on a cross-border basis. Alfonso López-Ibor, who specialises in litigation, arbitration, air transport, and finance law, co-leads the team alongside Pablo Henríquez de Luna, whose wide practice encompasses a breadth of  litigation, administrative, and bankruptcy matters.

Practice head(s):

Alfonso López-Ibor; Pablo Henríquez de Luna

Other key lawyers:

Virginia Jover; Pedro Echeguren


‘The firm’s team is made up of very experienced people along with associates with 8-10 years of experience, which gives us a lot of peace of mind when working with them. Likewise, they are very fast in responding to our requests but at the same time they carry out value-added analysis on the issues.’

‘Once again, it is a team with great technical knowledge but at the same time very close to the business and the practical needs of the client.’

‘The team is very knowledgeable, very professional but at the same time very accessible and prompt in addressing the issues.’

‘Alfonso López-Ibor is professional, very thorough, accessible at very short notice, and very reasonable in billing.’

‘Very reactive and available as well as very competent.’

‘Working with them has been very easy and pleasant.’

Pinsent Masons LLP

Pinsent Masons LLP‘s core focus lies in construction and energy projects, where it supports clients in litigation, arbitration, and mediation proceedings, along with guidance on the enforcement and recognition of foreign judgments. The team is well positioned to handle both cross-border and domestic matters, and its client roster includes developers, sponsors, contractors, and various corporates. The team is led by Fernando Gutiérrez Fernández, who heads up the arbitration and litigation team; dual-qualified partner (Spain, England and Wales) Sofía Parra Martínez, who oversees the construction advisory and disputes section; and Amaia Rivas, who joined the team in March 2023 and maintains a broad-ranging practice encompassing public law and investment arbitration matters. Mélissa Sánchez is another name to note for the latter.

Practice head(s):

Fernando Gutiérrez; Sofía Parra Martínez; Amaia Rivas

Other key lawyers:

Mélissa Sánchez; Teresa Ruano Mochales; Begoña Charro de Mendieta


‘The way they understand technical problems is something that differentiates them from other firms. 

‘Fernando Gutiérrez is a partner with a lot of knowledge, he follows up on issues very closely and responds quickly to client queries.’

Key clients

La Finca Real Estate Management, S.L.

Zalacaín, S.A.U.

Telefónica S.A.

Work highlights

  • Advised La Finca Real Estate on a claim filed by one of its shareholders whereby the General Meeting of Shareholders and the Board of Directors resolutions regarding the split-off of Procisa were challenged.
  • Advised La Finca Real Estate on a claim for damages regarding the alleged delay on the delivery of plots with significant economic value.


Renowned for its expertise in financial and real estate-related disputes, the team at RocaJunyent regularly handles a varied caseload of litigation and arbitration proceedings. The practice advises on cases related to breaches of SPAs, director liability, corporate and construction disputes, as well as those arising from distribution and agency contracts. Marlen Estévez in Madrid co-leads the team alongside Gonzalo Serrano from the Barcelona branch. Estévez specialises in real estate, construction, and cross-border commercial disputes, while also serving as an arbitrator. Serrano is a reputed litigator and a key point of contact for disputes concerning unfair competition, and civil and corporate law. Procedural and civil law specialist Alfonso Gili and Pablo Calvo-Sotelo, who specialises in bankruptcy and banking transactions proceedings, are other names to note.

Practice head(s):

Marlen Estévez; Gonzalo Serrano

Other key lawyers:

Pablo Calvo-Sotelo; Alfonso Gili


‘Roca Junyent’s civil litigation and litigation departments have a consolidated team of professionals with a strong working capacity who carry out an exhaustive study of the cases, providing innovative and imaginative solutions when the matter goes beyond the ordinary.’

‘Marlen Estévez is our reference person in the litigation area. She has a wide presence and reputation in different specialised fields.’

Key clients

Five Guys S.L.U.

Sociedad de Gestión de Activos Procedentes de la Reestructuración Bancaria S.A. – SAREB

Gases Oxinorte I.A.E.

Abanca Corporación Bancaria S.A.

Moventas Inc.

Monsora S.L.

Acumen Gestión, S.L.U. / Poet Items, S.L.U.

Exel Fil S.A.

Columbus One Properties S.L.

Work highlights

  • Advised Acumen Gestión, S.L.U. and Poet Items, S.L.U on a lawsuit for breach of the purchase agreement and determination of Earn-Out payments.
  • Advised Sociedad de Gestión de Activos Procedentes de la Reestructuración Bancaria S.A. – SAREB on a case law precedent on the transfer of personal or ancillary obligations.
  • Advised Five Guys Spain, S.L.U. on a pre-judicial negotiation and court proceedings to obtain modifications to lease agreements.

Toda & Nel-lo

Family-owned business as well as multinational corporates turn to Toda & Nel-lo for assistance with a range of commercial and corporate disputes. The team routinely advises on succession and property law, and has been recently active in matters related to third-party funding and rebus sic stantibus clauses. Albert Faus oversees the group, bringing extensive expertise as a respected litigator in commercial, corporate, and competition law. Carlos Martos and associate Cristina Corrales are also part of the core dispute resolution team.

Practice head(s):

Albert Faus

Other key lawyers:

Carlos Martos; Cristina Corrales


‘I would highlight Albert Faus for his spirit and good work during negotiations, as well as his good disposition towards the client. Great legal knowledge, and rigour in legal advice.’

‘Albert Faus was a pleasure to deal with – user friendly, diligent and proactive. He got to grips with our claim very quickly, especially as it came in at the start of the August holiday period. He was not afraid to give difficult advice. He showed himself to be comfortable working and advising in English.’

Key clients

Liquid Natural Gaz

Conren Tramway


Beta Conkret

Turisme de Barcelona (Barcelona Tourism Consortium)

Nexus Energía

Nexus Energía


Ingesport (Go Fit)

Distribuciones Hermanos Jiménez Sola

Zurbarán Abogados

Zurbarán Abogados handles all types of commercial, company, and civil law litigation, supporting clients with shareholders’ disputes, insolvency-related issues, construction defects, contractual conflicts, and class actions, among others. With a strong presence in Madrid, Seville, and Zaragoza, the group is also active in arbitration and insurance litigation matters. Leading the team are industry veteran Adolfo Cuéllar and José Manuel García Quílez, singled out as ‘an excellent negotiator and mediator‘. Elena María Oviedo Moral is also an active team member, noted for her ‘extensive knowledge of administrative law’.

Practice head(s):

Adolfo Cuéllar; José Manuel García-Quílez

Other key lawyers:

Elena María Oviedo Moral


‘We have worked with different professionals from the firm, all of them with exceptional quality and professionalism. The person in charge and our reference is the partner José Manuel García-Quílez. I highlight his mettle, he is always seeking a consensus between the parties in an honest and fair manner, always defending the client’s guarantees and interests. He is a very up-to-date professional with extensive knowledge of jurisprudence and normal judicial practice, which makes it easier and helps when it comes to proposing an effective defence/attack.’

‘Closeness, professionalism, security in analysis. José Manuel García-Quílez is recommended.’

‘We continually compare the services of Zurbarán Abogados with those of other firms and we clearly bet on Zurbarán Abogados. Specialised teams with a 360º vision when resolving disputes. The team continually informs those responsible for the company of the evolution of matters, suggesting alternatives and proposing practical solutions.’

Key clients

Real Betis Balompié Shareholders

Work highlights

  • Representing several shareholders of premier league football club Real Betis Balompié in Supreme Court litigation proceedings concerning the validity of shares distributed to Farusa, a corporate entity owned by former club president Manuel Ruiz de Lopera.