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Who Represents Who

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Allen & Overy LLP's'very responsive, creative team has great depth and is very thorough'. The practice regularly resolves disputes that arise out of bilateral and multilateral investment treaties; and it stands out for Energy Charter Treaty (ECT) disputes. The team also recently advised on international trade and WTO issues as well as international human rights issues, sanctions, and Brexit-related issues. The practice currently acts for over 30 international investors in ten different claims under the ECT against the Kingdom of Spain, which relate to their investments in renewable energy plants in Spain. Other highlights include advising European bank UniCredit in an investment treaty claim at ICSID against Croatia; this matter related to legislation passed by Croatia that allowed borrowers to unilaterally convert Swiss Franc-denominated loans into Euro loans at historic exchange rates. Mark Levy'has a great presence and manner in formal courtroom settings'; his practice covers both commercial arbitrations and investment treaty cases, where he represents sovereign state and corporate clients. Other highly rated advisers are Kate Davies, who regularly appears as advocate in her cases and whose recent work includes acting in a large-value investment treaty claim, and recently promoted  James Freeman. The key senior associates are Naomi Briercliffe , who 'possesses high intellectual rigour and excellent client management skills', and Guled Yusuf. Former PIL practice head Jeffrey Sullivan left for Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher LLP.

Clifford Chance LLP fields experts in investment protection; international economic sanctions work and other transnational regulation; the law of international organisations; state and diplomatic immunities; business and human rights; advice on treaties; and sovereign debt. Rae Lindsay and Audley Sheppard QC co-head the public international law practice. Lindsay recently focused on international sanctions, business and human right and immunities and privileges of states, state entities and international organisations as well as territorial and maritime jurisdiction issues, interpretation of treaties, status of territories under occupation and the right of populations to self-determination; and Sheppard is highly rated for his representation of clients in investment treaty proceedings against states. Jessica Gladstone is another highly rated contact who has taken a primary role in the firm's Brexit practice, advising various financial institutions and trade associations on the trade law issues and WTO scenarios for industry post-Brexit. Other notable advisers are Michael Lyons and consultants Federico Ortino and Andrew Dickinson.

Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer LLP 'leaves clients feeling very satisfied with its performance; the availability and response times of the team are very good and the service is provided efficiently and effectively'. The practice has extensive experience of acting in both state-to-state and investor-state disputes; and its sanctions team advises clients on complex contentious issues globally. Recent sector-specialist work included energy and natural resources, telecoms and mining and minerals matters; and the team is experienced in geographies such as the Middle East, Latin America and Africa. It represented Anglo American (AA) in a bilateral investment treaty (BIT) arbitration against the Venezuelan Government, which relates to the expropriation of a number of Anglo American’s mining assets, as well as Venezuela’s refusal to issue tax credits and its prohibition on the export of mineral products; it also acted for Deutsche Telekom (DT) in an UNCITRAL BIT arbitration against the Republic of India, which related to the expropriation of DT's investment in a hybrid satellite-terrestrial communications business in India. Will Thomas is 'very familiar with company-side requirements and responds very well to clients' needs'; and Sylvia Noury is 'highly specialised in international arbitration and investment disputes as well as being absolutely convincing in her manner'.

Acting globally for states, international organisations and private entities in the highest courts of international law, Volterra Fietta specialises entirely in public international law (PIL); the scope of the practice includes international border issues, high-value disputes between foreign investors and host states, or between two or more states; and complex bet-the-company and bet-the-country issues. The team's representative experience includes defending a European state against a claim made under an investment treaty; representing two Asian subsidiaries of a US Fortune 500 company in disputes with an Asian government under a number of multilateral and bilateral trade and investment treaties; and acting for a state in Asia in relation to trans-boundary pollution issues. Robert Volterra advises governments, international organisations and private clients in a wide range of contentious PIL issues, regularly acting as co-agent, counsel and advocate before the International Court of Justice and ad hoc international arbitration tribunals. Other names to note are Graham Coop and Giorgio Mandelli. Christophe Bondy joined Cooley (UK) LLP.

Cooley (UK) LLP hired Christophe Bondy from Volterra Fietta, while special counsel Joshua Brien was recruited from the Commonwealth Secretariat in London, where he was the head of the oceans and natural resources division. Bondy led advice to West African Aquaculture, as claimant, in an ICSID arbitration brought against the Republic of the Gambia, which concerned the direct expropriation of the claimant's aquaculture business by the Gambia; and Brien has extensive experience advising states on maritime boundary issues and stands out for continental shelf claims. James Maton is the head of litigation in the firm's London office; and independent consultant Tim Daniel's work includes representing states before the ICJ in significant land and maritime boundary disputes and in international arbitration disputes. Laurence Harris is also a key name and John Brown is a Law of the Sea consultant.

Debevoise & Plimpton LLP 'provides a first-rate standard across the board'. The practice argues public international law (PIL)-related cases under the rules of various major arbitral institutions, regional and international institutions, and under ad hoc rules and numerous systems of law. Typical work includes advising against states on human rights' issues; acting for states on key diplomatic issues; and assisting with high-value investment treaty arbitrations. Lord Peter Goldsmith QC is 'hands on and incisive'; Wendy Miles QC acts in investor-state and international commercial arbitrations, and PIL and litigation proceedings in the financial services, manufacturing, licensing, telecoms, insurance, construction, and energy and natural resources sectors; and Patrick Taylor has particular experience in the upstream oil and gas, energy and telecoms sectors. The notable international counsels are Aimee-Jane Lee and recently promoted Samantha Rowe.

Fietta LLP is a boutique public international law (PIL) firm with experience in a broad range of advisory and contentious PIL matters, including state-state, investor-state, human rights, boundary and sovereignty disputes.  The team acted on behalf of a large group of Greek investors, as lead counsel, in a case brought against the Republic of Cyprus at ICSID; the matter marks the first time that the Greece-Cyprus bilateral treaty is being tested in a mass claim by investors suffering losses stemming from the mismanagement of a serious financial crisis. Stephen Fietta is 'highly professional in fact-finding processes whether by analysing facts or determining the key elements of the dispute, and his professionalism and work ethic are remarkable'. Counsel Jiries Saadeh's practice includes representing clients in investor-state arbitrations under the ICSID, UNCITRAL and other institutional rules. The key senior associates are Ashique Rahman and Laura Rees-Evans.

Herbert Smith Freehills LLP advises both governments and investors in ICSID and other investor-state arbitral forums. Other public international law (PIL) strengths include boundary disputes, the Law of the Sea, treaty negotiation and interpretation, sovereign and international organisation immunity and human rights, as well as international trade law, WTO law and sanctions. The group has also been heavily involved in advising clients on the UK's exit from the EU. The team acted for ACP Axos Capital in ICSID proceedings brought against Kosovo under the Germany-Yugoslavia BIT, following the cancellation of the privatisation of the company, Post and Telecommunications of Kosovo. Global co-PIL head Andrew Cannon's practice includes investment treaty arbitration, state immunity, boundaries and Law of the Sea, international sanctions, state recognition, and the international law of treaties; and of counsel Iain Maxwell has acted in arbitration cases for and against state parties on four continents, including numerous ICSID investment arbitration cases, as well as advising on the Law of the Sea and on international sanctions.

Hogan Lovells International LLP is 'excellent for public international law and provides good responsiveness and professional advice'. The practice has specifiic expertise in bilateral investment treaties (BITs), with a niche specialisation in cases at the intersection of public international law (PIL) and human rights law; it also has a particular focus on Russia and CIS-related disputes as well as having energy and telecoms-related expertise; and has provided substantial advice on the PIL aspects of Brexit. It represented the Government of Vietnam in the successful defence of an investment treaty claim brought under the France-Vietnam BIT by a French investor, which related to non-payment of debts by state-owned enterprises. Markus Burgstaller 'has very good commercial acumen, is very attentive to detail and never neglects the importance of tactical steps'. Burgstaller has considerable experience as an advocate in proceedings before international tribunals, the EU courts, the European Court of Human Rights and national courts; he also handles a significant amount of work on the law of international organisations, privileges and immunities, and the Law of the Sea. Other key practitioners are Charles Brasted , who heads the firm’s UK and EU public law and policy practice; and co-head of the business and human rights practice Julianne Hughes-Jennett, who is 'very smart and reliable'. 

Latham & Watkins' public international law (PIL) expertise covers Law of the Sea issues; investor and state-side investment treaty matters; trade sanctions; international trade law, including WTO issues; state  and sovereign immunity law; and business and human rights. In the largest-ever treaty claim brought against Ukraine, the team defended Ukraine in an arbitration brought by three Cypriot companies under the Energy Charter Treaty; the arbitration raised a number of complex issues related to state responsibility in relation to the actions of domestic courts and the right to regulate under PIL. It also represented the Republic of Croatia in an ICSID arbitration brought under its BIT with Belgium, which involved a real estate acquisition and proposed development of a luxury tourist resort. Sophie Lamb QC is global co-chair of the firm’s international arbitration group; and Charles Claypoole, London and Hamburg-based Sebastian Seelmann-Eggebert and Marc Hansen are also key practitioners.

Quinn Emanuel Urquhart & Sullivan, LLP¬†is 'a very sizeable and reliable firm which has united highly-qualified professionals¬†who have excellent knowledge and practical experience in public international law'. The practice acted for Ukraine in high-profile, complex proceedings brought against it before the English High Court; the matter related to the ‚ā¨3bn Eurobonds issued by Ukraine in December 2013. A highly rated¬†counsel for investment treaty arbitrations,¬†Stephen Jagusch QC¬†'has¬†strong analytical and research skills'; and¬†Anthony Sinclair¬†is an investment treaty arbitration and Energy Charter Treaty arbitration specialist. Investment treaty arbitration expert¬†Epaminontas Triantafilou¬†is also widely respected and Phil Devenish¬†¬†is a key senior associate who¬†has particular expertise in handling foreign investment disputes arising under treaties and contracts.

Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom (UK) LLP's Karyl Nairn QC and David Kavanagh QC co-head the firm’s international litigation and arbitration group. The team's public international law (PIL) expertise covers investment treaty arbitration; international law advisory work, including advice on international human rights law for international organisations such as the UN; and sanctions work. It advised The Republic of South Sudan on international law issues arising from Sudan's secession to form a new independent country in July 2011, including the defence of an ICSID arbitration claim brought by Sudan's state-owned oil company Sudapet; it also acted for Vodafone International Holdings (VIH) in a major investment treaty dispute against the government of India, which related to VIH's purchase of the assets of its Indian partner Hutchison Whampoa. Bruce Macaulay undertakes highly significant PIL work; David Herlihy has a focus on investment treaty disputes as well as PIL matters; Daniel Gal has a notable niche in growth markets work, including in relation to Russia, the Middle East and Latin America; and counsel Nick Lawn focuses almost exclusively on investor-state arbitration.

Three Crowns LLP¬†has significant¬†experience of the major investment treaty arbitration rules, such as ICSID, UNCITRAL and SCC. The firm's lawyers also assist with ICJ procedures; advise on the Laws of the Sea under the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea treaty; and their industry experience includes energy, utilities, financial services, mining and telecoms, among others.¬†The team¬†represented ConocoPhillips (CP) in a historic investment treaty case against the Republic of Venezuela, which relates to the expropriation of CP's interests in two high-value heavy-oil projects; it also defended¬†the Sultanate of Oman in an arbitration brought by a former contractor, which arose from an oil and gas pipeline construction contract.¬†Constantine Partasides QC¬†was recently active in¬†investment treaty claims against sovereigns and state entities, and¬†Ga√ętan Verhoosel, Carmen Martinez Lopez¬†and Scott Vesel¬†are also highly rated practitioners; other names to note are counsel¬†Gaurav Sharma¬†and senior associate Manish Aggarwal.

Arnold & Porter Kaye Scholer LLP has significant investor-state arbitration expertise, particularly under ICSID Rules as well as UNCITRAL investment treaty arbitrations under the auspices of the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague; and the practice is experienced in acting for sovereign states throughout Latin America, Chile, Russia, Eastern Europe, Central Europe and Central Asia. Its cases also cover a wide variety of industry sectors, particularly energy, mining and banking. The team acted for Turkish energy company, Karkey Karadeniz Elektrik Uretim, in its claim against the Islamic Republic of Pakistan that the latter violated its obligations under a joint investment treaty in a Pakistan rental power project. Patricio Grané Labat, Dmitri Evseev and David Reed are all highly rated practitioners.

Baker Botts (UK) LLP regularly acts in large and high-profile public international law (PIL) matters globally. The firm fields experts in projects and energy and natural resources; advises on EU sanctions, working in close co-operation with the firm's US and Brussels' sanctions practices; and assists with matters involving the Americas, the Middle-East, and Russia and CIS. Jay Alexander is global disputes co-head; and Alejandro Escobar is a leading PIL individual. Other highly rated contacts are Johannes Koepp and Chris Caulfield.

Baker McKenzie is 'a versatile and experienced firm that is very capable of handling unusual public international law issues'. The team has extensive experience advising claimants in disputes against states and state-owned entities in commercial and investment-related arbitrations; it also acts across the oil and gas chain, acting for oil majors, service providers, and sovereign states and entities. The team acted for the Kazakhstan national gas operator, KazTransGas (KTG), in its dispute with the Government of Georgia concerning the appointment of a special receiver over KTG's Georgian subsidiary. Edward Poulton and Andy Moody are 'both very experienced and have sound judgment'. The other names to note are Ross Denton and Sunwinder (Sunny) Mann.

In addition to investor-state claims and sanctions, Boies Schiller Flexner (UK) LLP advises routinely in relation to the Law of the Sea, maritime and land-based boundary disputes, state succession and state responsibility, and human rights; and a large number of its disputes arise from natural resources' interests. The team acted for one of Russia's most prominent businessmen, Oleg Deripaska (OD), in a high-profile investor-state claim against the State of Montenegro under the Russia-Montenegro bilateral investment treaty; the dispute concerned OD's investment in a Montenegrin aluminium smelter.Practice head Dominic Roughton is 'knowledgable and dependable' and Kenneth Beale is an investor-state expert.

Clyde & Co LLP has extensive experience dealing with highly sensitive cross-border disputes for and against governments in emerging markets and challenging jurisdictions, such as Russia and CIS, CEE, Latin America and Asia. The team regularly advises on WTO, EU and other regulatory issues associated with investments; it is well known for its work on sanctions; and the firm's traditional sectors of shipping, insurance and transportation also bring in public international law-related mandates. Ben Knowles  led advice to the Republic of Yemen in ICSID proceedings against a Chinese contractor, Beijing Urban Construction Group, which concerned the construction of a new international terminal building at Yemen's Sana'a International Airport. John Whittaker acts for and against governments in relation to investment disputes, sovereign immunity and sanction issues; and Clare Hatcher is another key contact.

DLA Piper fields a team of experienced investment treaty disputes lawyers, while its broader public international law practice encompasses advisory work for states, trade issues and sanctions work. The firm also has notable geographical reach on the African continent. In a high-value, strategically important investment treaty claim, the team advised the Republic of Kenya on an ICSID claim brought by mining investor, Cortec. Philip Chong is Europe head of international arbitration; Kate Cervantes-Knox has significant investment treaty experience, representing both states and investors in international arbitrations pursuant to bilateral and multilateral investment treaties; and Janet Legrand QC was made an honorary QC in 2018. Other names to note are Richard McGrane and of counsel Ben Sanderson.

Eversheds Sutherland (International) LLP has a robust investor-state arbitration practice; other notable areas include human rights, the status of foreign governments, state immunity, sovereign immunity and treaty obligations. Jonathan Leach heads the international arbitration group in the UK; recently promoted Greg Falkof  is 'an impressive practitioner', whose experience includes investor-state disputes and other state-to-state or public international law disputes; and senior associate  Cameron Forsaith is 'a hardworking lawyer, who is dedicated to producing outstanding work'. Former legal director Neil Newing joined Signature Litigation LLP, while former senior associate Oonagh Sands exited for Fietta LLP.

Linklaters LLP is best known for investor-state disputes in sectors such as telecoms, energy and utilities; trade law including trade remedies and litigation; international human rights law and corporate responsibility such as alleged violations of international human rights standards; sanctions' frameworks aimed at Russia and Ukraine, Iran, Iraq, Syria and Libya, among others; and state immunity issues, frequently related to the enforcement of judgments or arbitral awards against states or state entities. Matthew Weiniger QC and Ben Carroll are the names to note. Ula Cartwright-Finch and Adrien Canivet are key managing associates. Greg Reid retired from the firm.

Reed Smith LLP's 'London investment treaty arbitration team is a world-class practice that receives numerous high-profile, high-value, and cutting-edge instructions at the forefront of international investment law and public international law'. Kazakhstan investor-state work remains a key focus for the team; it also advises on international sanctions issues for major financial institutions, state-to-state disputes, and the novel international law aspects of environmental law. Belinda Paisley is 'an extraordinarily impressive lawyer, who possesses the rare combination of fantastic bigger-picture and strategic instincts as well as an extraordinary command of points of detail'. Chloe Carswell is also highly regarded.

Simmons & Simmons fields lawyers who are industry experts in the firm's key sectors, particularly TMT, financial institutions, and energy and infrastructure. The team acted for the Indonesian Government in a bilateral treaty (BIT) arbitration brought by Indian Metals & Ferro Alloys Limited under the India-Indonesia BIT; the subject of the dispute concerns an investment in a coal mining project. Stuart Dutson and Jayne Bentham have extensive experience of arbitrations in Africa, while Simon Morgan specialises in disputes involving China and the Far East. David Sandy is also experienced in public international law issues.

WilmerHale's public international law (PIL) team is particularly known for its advice on matters involving territorial boundaries and sovereignty over territory, including significant state-to-state matters, intra-state disputes; and high-value, complex, investor-state cases. Other areas of strength include PIL issues arising in national courts, involving transnational litigation and transnational enforcement issues; legal proceedings relating to rights of freedom of speech and belief; advising states and companies on treaty accession, maritime delimitation and human rights; and sovereign immunity. Gary Born  and Steven Finizio are highly rated individuals.

Carter-Ruck 'has an excellent record in fighting sanctions'. The practice is best known for advising clients who are the subject of targeted sanctions and restrictive measures at the domestic, European Union or international level. It also acts in investment treaty arbitrations, human rights, extraditions, bids for recognition of statehood and diplomatic protection. 'A calm strategist and strong fighter', Guy Martin 'wins the trust of clients'; and Cameron Doley is senior partner. Other names to note are Miranda Rushton and Alasdair Pepper, while international arbitration specialist Matthew Wescott joined from DAC Beachcroft LLP.

CMS' public international law group is best known for handling high-value, complex, cross-border disputes on behalf of private sector and public sector clients; it has extensive experience in international disputes for sovereign states as well as acting for international organisations. Karen Denny's experience includes advising on sovereign immunity and all matters affecting a sovereign's unique sovereign status, such as its privileges and inviolability, freezing injunctions, the enforcement of foreign judgments, obtaining evidence for use in overseas proceedings, complex fraud, and tracing disputes. The other key names are Christopher Gooding, Sukhi Kaler and Tim Hardy.

Dentons 'has a good presence in public international law and is known for its skills and experience'. The practice routinely advises on sanctions, sovereign immunity, state responsibility and self-determination, and state succession. Other areas of strength are treaty interpretation, international criminal law and human rights law, and business and human rights issues. International arbitration expert Liz Tout  is 'a solid practitioner'; Andrew Cheung is an international financial sanctions specialist; and senior associates James Langley and Catherine Gilfedder are 'very good'. Michelle Bradfield joined Dechert LLP.

E&A Law Limited is 'a firm with wide experience of international law practice and has well-qualified, professional staff'. The team is highly rated for its expertise in energy and natural resources-related  public international law issues; regularly handles state-to-state matters; and stands out for its experience in matters involving South East Europe and CIS countries. Ana Stanic 'displays a sound knowledge of matters in her handling of cases and makes representations in a competent and professional manner'.

Jones Day's 'very professional team is completely trusted'. It is regularly instructed on high-stakes, politically sensitive cases involving states or state entities; and the practice has a strong track record of representing Russian and CIS parties in high-profile arbitrations. It represented an industrial Turkish company, and three of its shareholders, in an arbitration that arose under the Energy Charter Treaty and the Turkey-Uzbekistan bilateral investment treaty.Baiju Vasaniis 'a very clear advocate'; Sylvia Tonova regularly represents investors and states in investor-state arbitrations; and Tatiana Minaeva is a key of counsel.

KWM Europe LLP recently acted in a number of major investor-state arbitrations. The team successfully represented the Kyrgyz Republic in overturning an international arbitration award before the French Courts on public policy grounds. Andrei Yakovlev concentrates on disputes in the energy, metals and mining, telecoms and financial services sectors, with a particular emphasis on Russia, CIS and Central Europe; and Dorothy Murray is an international arbitration specialist. Wilson Antoon is a key managing associate.

Peters & Peters Solicitors LLP 'provides an excellent client service with excellent value for money'. The practice fields lawyers with expertise across the full range of sanctions' issues, including challenging sanctions in court; acts in public international law-related arbitrations; and brings challenges against public bodies based on serious human rights violations. It recently acted in a high-profile INTERPOL case involving Russia. Michael O’Kane 'has unrivalled sanctions knowledge'; and Jasvinder Nakwal has particular expertise with cases involving human rights violations.

A significant part of Stephenson Harwood's public international law (PIL) practice is focused on international sanctions and international enforcement actions; and it is best known for advising governments or state-owned corporations. The group is also noted for Africa-related matters and has a growing investment treaty and investor-state disputes practice. PIL practice leader Kamal Shah is also head of the Africa and India groups; Sue Millar is also a key contact; and Stephen Ashley, who has particular experience in EU and UK-related sanctions' matters, and Vivek Kapoor are notable senior associates.

Steptoe & Johnson UK LLP's practice covers investment treaty arbitrations and disputes between the governments of different states or involving international government organisations. It also has extensive experience in the jurisdictional immunities of sovereign states and their property; and advises energy and mining companies on their rights and interests under international law. Matthew Coleman has significant investment treaty experience in relation to African and Eastern European cases and Thomas Innes is a highly regarded associate.

White & Case LLP 'handles high-profile, high-stakes public international law matters'. Acting for both investors and states, the team focuses on complex international arbitrations arising from corporate transactions connected to Russia and the CIS; it has also been active in Romania, Latvia and Panama-related matters. David Goldberg 'stands out for his ability to focus simultaneously on the big picture of co-ordinating global, multi-jurisdictional issues whilst not losing sight of the underlying details'; Tomas Vailis is a key senior associate; and associate Stephanie Stocker is 'an excellent lawyer, who is both very technically gifted and extremely hard-working'.

Withers LLP is 'very strong in this field with a real diversity of work across all types of public international  clients'. The practice is particularly well-known for its investor-state arbitration practice as well as state-state disputes; notable geographical strengths include the Middle East and Africa and the team regularly works on infrastructure and energy-related matters. It is also noted for human rights and trade law issues. Highlights included representing A11Y, which specialises in assistive technology solutions for blind people, in an ICSID-administered investor-state arbitration against the Czech Republic under the UK-Czech Republic bilateral investment treaty. Public international law head Hussein Haeri 'combines huge intellectual powers with great client handling and gives straight-to-the-point advice'.

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