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Rising Stars

Firms in the Spotlight Privatisation and projects

Kaplan & Stratton Advocates

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Kaplan & Stratton is one of the largest law firms in East Africa, offering a comprehensive range of legal services for domestic and international clients, with a focus on the financial and commercial sectors.

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Privatisation and projects in Kenya

Anjarwalla & Khanna

Anjarwalla & Khanna is extensively involved in many of the largest and most important projects in Kenya, acting on behalf of sponsors, whether traditional infrastructure funds or other structures, and developers, contractors, and funders. The team services the full life cycle of projects, from acquisition and development, to financing and construction, to completion and operation. Practice head Amyn Mussa is a stalwart in this area and is regularly retained in significant energy, infrastructure, large-scale real estate development, and natural resources projects, while Ian Gaitta excels in the PPP space. Sanelisiwe Mpofana moved to an in-house role in April 2023.

Practice head(s):

Amyn Mussa

Other key lawyers:

Ian Gaitta


‘The firm has a strong relationship with Kenyan governmental stakeholders in the energy sector and this forms a concrete foundation in collaborating with these stakeholders in a robust manner, thus accelerating satisfaction of governmental obligations under respective contracts where governmental entities are a party.’

‘Amyn Mussa has hands-on experience in negotiating project and financing agreements in an efficient manner. He also understands the governmental and political terrain and he can leverage these relationships to fast-track delivery of government undertakings in projects.’

Key clients


EH Venture Capital Rwanda

Quantum Power East Africa and Globeleq Group

Investment Fund for Developing Countries (IFU)

Vestas Eastern Africa

The Finnish Fund for Industrial Cooperation (Finnfund)

Cold Solutions

African Infrastructure Investment Managers (AIIM)

Frontier Energy

Impact North (Actis Africa Real Estate & Improvon Group)

Mi Vida Thika Road

Work highlights

  • Acted for Moderna, an American pharmaceutical and biotechnology company, in connection with setting up the first mRNA vaccine manufacturing facility in Africa.
  • Acted for Quantum Power East Africa and Globeleq Group in connection with the development, design, procurement, construction, installation, commissioning, ownership and operation of a 35MW geothermal power generation plant at Olkaria geothermal fields, through QPEA GT Menegai, a special-purpose vehicle set up for the development project.
  • Acted for IFU, Vestas Eastern Africa and the Finnish Fund for Industrial Cooperation (Finnfund), shareholders of Lake Turkana Wind Power, a large wind farm project in Africa, in connection with the transfer of their shares into the Climate Finance Partnership, a fund managed by the BlackRock Group.


Bowmans sets the pace in novel infrastructure and project development particularly in the energy sector, assisting a range of domestic and foreign investors and developers. Portfolio acquisition, PPPs, investment proposals, infrastructure development, and energy transitions count among the practice’s key strengths. Highly regarded for his work on renewable energy deals and project financing, Aleem Tharani leads the practice, with support from Edwin Baru, whose work in C&I power projects, PPPs, energy transition, and procurement matters earned him a partner promotion in March 2023, and Matthew Arrumm, who has strong project finance credentials.

Practice head(s):

Aleem Tharani

Other key lawyers:

Edwin Baru; Matthew Arrumm


‘Excellent work. Availability of senior team members and partners on engagements. Practical and commercial approach.’

‘The Bowmans team comprises highly qualified lawyers, with deep experience in their field and a robust network in Kenya. The firm is also commercial and pragmatic in its approach, which makes the overall experience of working with Bowmans very enjoyable.’

‘The Bowmans team members are approachable, knowledgeable and very commercial as well. Aleem Tharani in particular provides excellent leadership and steering in legal assignments. His personal experience and track record is commendable and very valuable to clients like us.’

Key clients

Africa50, Power Grid Corporation of India Limited

Globeleq Africa Limited

Shandong Hi-Speed Group

Hass Infrastructure

GVR Infrastructure

Frontier Energy II Alpha K/S

Frontier Energy II Beta K/S

Rumuruti Solar Generation Limited

Milele Power Limited

Fortescue Future Industries

IBL Energy Holdings Ltd

Selu Limited

Work highlights

  • Acted as lead advisors to Africa50 and Power Grid Corporation of India Limited, who have been mandated by the Government of Kenya to develop, structure, finance and build certain high priority transmission lines on a Public Private Partnership basis in collaboration with the Kenya Electricity Transmission Company (KETRACO), the national electricity transmission utility.
  • Assisted Globeleq Africa with closing the purchase of the 35MW geothermal power plant located in the Menengai geothermal project area from Quantum Power East Africa Limited.
  • Advised Frontier Energy on all aspects of the development and financing of two captive solar systems, 6.9MW in Athi River and 20.3MW Mombasa, for Bamburi Cement.

Dentons Hamilton Harrison & Mathews

Leveraging a broad network of key sector contacts, Dentons Hamilton Harrison & Mathews routinely assists government departments, non-governmental organisations, and private sector sponsors and developers. The practice complements its hefty reputation in large-scale, high-profile PPPs with a strategic focus on energy and infrastructure projects. Practice head Andrew Mugambi works closely with the Kenyan PPP Directorate on nationally significant projects and concessions, and is supported by Peter Okaalet Jr., who has an excellent reputation in both traditional and renewable energy projects.

Practice head(s):

Andrew Mugambi

Other key lawyers:

Peter Okaalet Jr.; Ralia Mohamud

Key clients

Directorate of Public Private Partnerships

Kenya Defence Forces

China Road and Bridge Corporation

Work highlights

  • Advised the Government of Kenya, through the Ministry of Defence and the Directorate of Public Private Partnership, on a project for the design, development, building and financing of residential accommodation and other associated support facilities for the Kenya Defence Forces across multiple locations in Kenya.
  • Advised China Road and Bridge Corporation on a public-private partnership project in Kenya aimed at resolving the long-standing water scarcity issue, involving the construction of a water dam on the Ndarugu River in Kiambu county, near Nairobi.

Iseme, Kamau & Maema Advocates

The experienced team at Iseme, Kamau & Maema Advocates enjoys the repeat custom of government entities, state corporations, and private developers in key sectors such as health, education, affordable housing, waste management, energy, and construction. End-of-life and renewable energy projects, public procurement, project financing, and social infrastructure development fall within the practice’s purview. Practice head Beatrice Nyabira has a significant aptitude in energy and infrastructure projects, while James Kamau has built a stellar reputation across the board.

Practice head(s):

Beatrice Nyabira

Other key lawyers:

James Kamau; Cynthia Olotch; Judy Muigai; Angela Wanjiku


‘The teamwork is well coordinated.’

‘The team are keen to understand the client’s needs and structure solutions accordingly.’

‘They engage beyond the immediate scope of work and are in that sense counsellors.’

‘The team is diverse and covers all aspects of infrastructure and energy. They are able to tap into the deep network and capabilities within the DLA Piper network globally. They are able to deliver both local and international legal counsel in one package with a strong team on the ground in Kenya.’

‘The team is a pleasure to work with on projects and have a great commercial understanding of the sectors they work on.’

‘Beatrice Nyabira is a consummate professional with attention to detail who is very responsive to client needs. She also has a very deep understanding of the energy and infrastructure space from a regulatory and legal point of view. The ultimate leader.’

‘Cynthia Olotch is a professional with a deep understanding of policy and regulatory issues. She also understands how the government works, which assists from a permits, licensing and approvals analysis point of view.’

‘Angela Wanjiku is an upcoming professional who is very engaging with clients and responsive to client requirements.’

Key clients


Kenya Electricity Transmission Company

Intelligent Medical Objects

Kenya Electricity Generating Company PLC (KenGen)

EPCO Builders

African Legal Support Facility

Federal Government of Somalia

Botswana Oil Limited

African Development Bank

Serengeti Energy

United States International Development Finance Corporation

The Emerging Africa Infrastructure Fund Ltd

Stanbic Bank Kenya Ltd

British International Investment (formerly CDC Group Plc)

Malthe Winje Infrapower AS

Kenya Breweries Limited

Rareh Icon Solar Limited


Unilever Kenya Limited

KTDA Power Company Limited

Standard Bank of South Africa Ltd

Japan Bank of International Cooperation

Government of Kenya

NGM Company Ltd

Selenkei Investments Limited and Cedate Limited

FedEx Express Kenya Limited

Work highlights

  • Advised the Government of Kenya, through the National Treasury, on a PPP for the development of a 2,000-bed national referral hospital known as the Pwani University Teaching and Referral Hospital (“PUTRH”) in Kenya.
  • Acted for Kenya Electricity Generating Company PLC (KENGEN) in its proposed acquisition of the Kipevu II Power Plant from Tsavo Power Company Limited (TPC), an end-of-life project that has been fully amortised.
  • Advised Sanergy Limited on the set up in one of the counties of an organic waste management plant with the capacity to produce organic fertilizer, animal feeds and briquettes, which is expected to form a prototype to be scaled up and rolled out across the country.


Project finance transactions are at the heart of ENSafrica‘s projects and energy practice, which routinely assists banks, fund managers, and energy companies with multi-jurisdictional wind and solar power projects. Practice head Nigel Shaw focuses on the real estate aspects of projects, while Binti Shah advises on procurement and financing. Nkatha Omondi takes the lead on queries specific to the energy sector.

Practice head(s):

Nigel Shaw

Other key lawyers:

Binti Shah; Nkatha Omondi


‘Binti Shah is fantastic. Very responsive. She provides excellent advice in Kenya as well as acting as an introducer to her colleagues and contacts in many other jurisdictions.’

Key clients

The Kenya Power and Lighting Company (KPLC)

EDFI Management Company SA

Nedbank Limited


Work highlights

  • Assisted the Kenya Power and Lighting Company (KPLC) with a comprehensive review and analysis of the terms of all Power Purchase Agreements (PPAs) entered into by KPLC and with developing a suitable strategy for engagement with all Independent Power Producers (IPPs).
  • Assisted EDFI Management Company SA (EDFI MC) with a loan in the form of a senior secured credit facility to REDAVIA Global Asset SARL, a Luxembourg entity owned by REDAVIA GmbH, in relation to the funding of a lease of solar assets.

Kaplan & Stratton Advocates

Proving most valuable to private sponsors and lenders with a growing focus on PPP projects, Kaplan & Stratton Advocates is involved in many large-scale infrastructure projects in the energy and transport sectors. Ken Kamaitha, who advises on many significant road and mining projects, heads the practice, with Sam Wainaina lending the weight of his energy sector experience to power projects and financing.

Practice head(s):

Ken Kamaitha

Other key lawyers:

Sam Wainaina; Nyakio Manga

Key clients

Vinci SA

Meridiam SAS

PowerChina Group

Sinohydro Corporation

Alten Energías Renovables

Elicio N.V

European Investment Bank (EIB)

Nederlandse Financierings-Maatschappij Voor Ontwikkelingslanden N.V. (FMO)

Deutsche Investitions- und Entwicklungsgesellschaft (DEG)

Agence Française de Développement (AFD)

International Finance Corporation (IFC)

The Export-Import Bank of China

Stanbic Bank

Societe De Promotion et de Participation Pour la Cooperation Economique (“Proparco”);

Work highlights


Stakeholders in the burgeoning PPP sector, including government entities and multinational corporations, rely on MMC ASAFO for advice on infrastructure developments, procurements, acquisitions, and privatisation projects. Managing partner Esther Njiru-Omulele has extensive experience in project development, structuring and financing, while the Mombasa-based Isaiah Mungai Kamau is a key resource in project finance transactions. Jessica Mwenje assists with the structuring and real estate components of projects.

Practice head(s):

Esther Omulele; Isaiah Mungai Kamau; Jessica Mwenje

Other key lawyers:

Henry Omukubi; Maxwell Mafubo; Sylvia Kimani

Key clients

UK Export Finance (UKEF) (as part of the KPMG East Africa Consortium)

Kenya Railways Corporation

KPMG East Africa

Public Private Partnerships (PPP) Unit, National Treasury, Government of Kenya

Government of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

Ethiopian Investments Holdings

Bamburi Cement Limited

Kenya Wines Agencies Limited (KWAL)

New Makongeni Development LLP

Urban Housing Development Renewal LLP

Tatu City Limited


Tilisi Developments PLC

Work highlights

  • Advised the Kenya Railways Corporation in the financing, structuring and development of the Nairobi Railway City Project.
  • Advised the Government of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia in the privatisation of eight state-owned enterprises operating in the sugar industry in Ethiopia.
  • Advised the PPP Unit situated in the National Treasury, Government of Kenya in a road tolling project to be rolled out throughout Kenya under a PPP project.

Walker Kontos Advocates

Project finance forms a core pillar of work for Walker Kontos Advocates‘ practice, which has a reputation for advising national and international lenders and sponsors on transactions related to numerous high-profile developments in the energy and infrastructure sectors. Michael Kontos is the inveterate lender counsel for energy project financing, and leads the team alongside PPP, regulatory, and administrative experts Peter Mwangi and Deepen Shah.

Practice head(s):

Michael Kontos; Peter Mwangi; Deepen Shah

Other key lawyers:

Diana Situma; Wassim Mohamedali


‘An all round strong team of advocates. This is an area in which they excel.’

‘Deepen Shah has been very reactive and practical.’

Key clients

International Finance Corporation

World Bank Group

United States International Development Finance Corporation

Société de Promotion et de Participation Coopération Economique (PROPARCO)

Standard Bank Group (Standard Bank of South Africa, Stanbic Bank Kenya Limited)

The Trade and Development Bank

Coöperatieve Rabobank U.A.

KCB Bank Kenya Limited

Bank of Africa Group

Absa Bank Kenya Plc

I&M Bank Limited

NCBA Bank Kenya PLC

FirstRand Bank Limited (acting through its Rand Merchant Band Division)

Nederlandse Financierings-Maatschappij voor Ontwikkelingslanden N. V. (FMO)

European Investment Bank

Deutsche Investitions- und Entwicklungsgesellschaft (DEG)

Total Kenya Limited

Kenya Mortgage Refinance Company

Spelco Investments Limited

Prolific Properties Limited

Centum Investment Limited

Blackwood Hodge Kenya Limited

Astral Aviation Limited

Kestrel Capital East Africa Limited

Van Woustraat Limited

Fujax UK Limited

Britania Industries Limited

Carbon Neutral Royalty Limited

AutoXpress Limited

Napro Industries Limited

Saracota Enterprises Limited

Work highlights

  • Acted as Kenyan counsel to Stanbic Bank Kenya Limited and The Standard Bank of South Africa Limited, the project lenders, in respect of loan facilities to be provided to Skar Lot 32.
  • Acted as Kenyan counsel to Standard Bank of South Africa Limited, Stanbic Bank Kenya Limited, Emerging Africa Infrastructure Fund (EAIF) and Deutsche Investitions-Und Entwicklungsgesellschaft Mph (DEG), the project lenders, in respect of loan facilities to be provided to Hass Consortium- GVR Infra Limited, a special purpose vehicle incorporated in connection with Lot 3 of Phase 1A of the Kenya Roads Programme.
  • Advised KCB Bank Kenya Limited on the financing of 23 properties to be developed by Homescope Properties Limited.

KO Associates

Geared strategically towards large transportation and infrastructure projects, KO Associates‘ projects team is well-versed in providing legal advisory services to a range of stakeholders including government entities, banks and financial institutions, and public and private developers. Founding partner Crispine Odhiambo is valued for his transportation and energy sector expertise, and leads the team alongside Ken Rutere, who, having joined the firm from Igeria & Ngugi Advocates in November 2022, has already made a mark in the PPP arena. Abigail Namasaka supports on project structuring.

Practice head(s):

Crispine Odhiambo; Ken Rutere

Other key lawyers:

Stacy Waweru; Abigail Namasaka


‘I have had the privilege of working with KO Associates for more than one year, and I must say that their team’s strengths and key capabilities are truly commendable. This law firm consistently delivers exceptional legal services with a commitment to excellence that sets them apart in the legal industry.’

‘Ken Rutere and Abigail Namakasa and the team at KO Associates have consistently demonstrated qualities that make them stand out in the legal industry. Their exceptional legal expertise, client dedication, clear communication, and commitment to staying ahead of the curve are just a few of the reasons I hold them in high regard.’

‘It was a pleasure to work in collaboration with KO. Their knowledge of the subject was impressive and helped us satisfy the client and meet the tight deadlines. As a woman, I liked working with KO’s female experts who were diligent, available, and knowledgeable.’

‘Crispine Odhiambo and his team combine both professionalism and integrity while also creating a positive working environment. Even though the project work was on a complex topic, they gave us a piece of mind that the inputs would be of high quality. ’

‘The KO Associates team was comprised of well experienced experts with diverse and extensive experience and expertise in policy and legislative drafting and review, development of board instruments and charters, corporate governance, legal audits, and compliance.’

‘Crispine Odhiambo was an all-rounder who coordinated the assignment very well and was able to manage other team members, who also did well in their individual tasks or components of the assignment. Honestly it was the inputs of each individual within the team that led to this successful delivery of the assignment to the satisfaction of the client.’

‘I’ve had the privilege to collaborate with various law firms, but KO stands out. Their embrace of technological advancements illustrates what it means to be a modern law practice. From the seamless virtual consultations to the digital case management systems, they epitomise the perfect blend of legal acumen and technological innovation.’

‘Crispine Odhiambo’s dedication to the craft of law isn’t just evident in the results he achieves, but in the way he navigates the complex legal landscape with confidence. What strikes me most is his unique ability to demystify intricate legal jargon and scenarios, translating them into actionable insights for his clients. Beyond his legal expertise, he is approachable and genuinely cares for his clients’ best interests.’

Key clients

Castalia Limited

Private Infrastructure Development Group

Nairobi City County Government

Maritime & Transport Business Solutions

Kenya Ports Authority

Kilifi Port Development Limited (KPDL)

Oserian Two Lakes Industrial Park (OTL IP)

National Bank PLC

Safaricom PLC

Nairobi Metropolitan Area Transport Authority (NaMATA)

Kenya Electricity Generating Company PLC (KENGEN)

The PPP Directorate

The World Bank

Kisii Municipality

Sustainable Urban Economic Development (SUED)/Tetratech/ UK FCDO Programe

Farmdo Energy Kenya Limited

Vantage Point Ventures Limited

Ahadi Konnect Affordable Broadband Network

Work highlights

  • Advised the Nairobi City County Government on the implementation of the proposed Smart Street Lighting Project.
  • Advised the Kenya Ports Authority in the transaction preparation of six transport and logistics assets, being the Mombasa and Lamu Special Economic Zones (SEZs), Lamu Port (Berths 1-3), Mombasa Port (Berth 11-14), Kisumu Port/cold Chain and Logistics Park and Naivasha Cold Chain Logistics Park, to be implemented under a PPP arrangement.
  • Advised Safaricom PLC on the development of a Kenya National Smart Grid Network deploying AI platform and advanced data analytics under a PPP arrangement at a cost of $350m.

Oraro & Company Advocates

Particularly active in the growing natural resources and mining sectors, Oraro & Company Advocates advises clients from both the domestic and global markets on project structuring, financing, contract negotiation and public procurement. Founding partner George Oraro leads the team and is frequently retained on large-scale infrastructure projects and PPPs, while managing partner Pamella Ager showcases her expertise in project development transactions. Jacob Ochieng assists with complex infrastructure ventures, and Cindy Oraro focuses her practice on energy and infrastructure projects.

Practice head(s):

George Oraro

Other key lawyers:

Pamella Ager; Jacob Ochieng; Cindy Oraro


‘Great team – they did an excellent job in helping us structure complex legal arrangements involving private sector stakeholders and the county government in Kenya.’

‘The team demonstrated good knowledge of legal projects structuring and good creativity which was very critical in building buy-in with key political stakeholders.’

Key clients

Tata Chemicals Magadi Limited

Work highlights

  • Negotiated with regulators and advised on the impact of Kenya’s overhauled mining law regime on the validity of mining leases.