Employment in Israel

Asher Heled & Co.

Asher Heled & Co. is 'one of the most prestigious firms in labour and pensions law in Israel'. Led by name partner Asher Heled, the firm is regularly involved in complex labour and pensions disputes, and has particular expertise in advising corporates on personnel structures following significant organisational changes. Acting for employee organisations and employers, Heled is engaged by some of the largest players in Israel, including Bezeq, Harel Group and Amitim Pension Funds, the government-sponsored pension organisation. The team has also provided ongoing labour law advice to The Paz Group for nearly three decades. Additionally, Heled is acting for Globrands in relation to its employees' declared intention for initial unionisation. On the employee side, the firm is instructed by the workers organisations of a large Israeli bank and a major utility provider, and also represented two faculty organisations at Hebrew University of Jerusalem in various employment and pensions negotiations with the members' employer. Also recommended is Elisha Shor, 'an outstanding professional', who leads the firm's pensions funds and social security practice.

Ehud Shilony & Co.

Ehud Shilony & Co. has considerable experience representing workers' organisations in collective negotiations and labour litigation. Recently, the team has been involved in a number of standout disputes. Ehud Shilony assisted the workers' committee of Egged with the Labor Court approval of a strike action due to violence against bus drivers. Yael Shilony represented Ma'of Histadrut in a claim against the Municipality of Qalasawe regarding the right of an employer to use biometric attendance controls for employees. Further, the team represented the workers' committee of Teva in Kfar Saba throughout a process of layoffs and bonus cancellations, and is also acting for the workers' committee of Teva in Netanya in relation to the company's decision to close its plant there by 2020. Also of note, the firm acts on behalf of the Histadrut in relation to all of its labour litigation and collective negotiations for employees in the south of the country; recently, the team assisted the labour union with the signing of a first-ever collective agreement with Metropoline.

Fischer Behar Chen Well Orion & Co

Fischer Behar Chen Well Orion & Co is 'a very impressive firm' and its labour and employment group handles the full range of labour and employment matters for prominent international employers. It also has expertise in advising workers' committees on collective agreements and other various labour negotiations. The department is led by Shay Teken, who acts as strategic consultant for the chairman of the Histadrut, which is the largest labour organisation in Israel. Teken also provides comprehensive labour and employment law advice to clients such as the United States Embassy in Israel, The Israeli Bar Association, The Israeli Football Association, British Airways, and Air France - KLM, the last of which he represented in negotiations leading up to a collective agreement with the Histadrut. Teken also assisted the workers' committees of Paz Ashdod Refinery and the Israel Airports Authority with collective agreement negotiations, and represented the Transport Workers' Union in a number of disputes involving strike actions at Israel's ports. The team also has extensive experience in immigration law. Moran Friedman is also recommended.

Herzog Fox & Neeman

Herzog Fox & Neeman is 'a go-to firm for international clients seeking labour law advice in Israel'. The team counsels a prominent corporate client base, including international banks and many of the world's leading technology companies, on the full range of labour and employment matters in Israel, including immigration law. Moreover, in the domestic market, the team handles regulatory and contentious labour mandates for Haifa Port Company, Ashdod Port Company, Israel Airports Authority and Israel Electric Corporation, which are among the country's largest public sector employers and designated as essential service providers. Department head Orly Gerbi also has experience with large liquidation procedures, redundancies, site closures and corporate restructuring. Also of note, the department is advising Maccabi Healthcare Services (the only Israeli HMO with no collective arrangements) on an attempt by its employees at unionisation, which is among the country's largest-ever unionisation attempts. Other key contacts include Chagai VeredHaya Ehrman and Moria Tam-Harshoshanim.

M. Firon & Co Advocates and Notaries

M. Firon & Co Advocates and Notaries fields a sizeable team of dedicated labour and employment lawyers, who have extensive experience acting for many of Israel's largest employers in relation to civil and criminal employment litigation, regulatory investigations and enforcement proceedings, employee transfers, collective negotiations, and pensions-related issues. The department is led by Tamar Golan, who assisted The National Association for Technological Development with the labour and employment aspects of its establishment, which involved the absorption of hundreds of employees and contractors. Golan also advised The Organisation of Transport Companies in Israel on the assimilation of a collective agreement signed with the Histadrut regarding the Hours of Work and Rest Law. Also recommended is Galit Golan-Rottem, who represents one of Israel's largest private sector employers in various disputes with individual employees, and is also representing the client in a class action regarding a certain award scheme for specialist physicians. In addition, Golan-Rottem is acting for Clalit in relation to a series of claims filed by employees concerning those employees' pension rights. The team also handles a full range of labour and employment matters for clients such as Deloitte Israel, GSK, Migdal Insurance Company, DHL, El Al Israeli Airlines and Dan Hotels.

Meitar Liquornik Geva Leshem Tal Law Offices

Meitar Liquornik Geva Leshem Tal Law Offices provides 'outstanding service' to Israeli start-ups and international corporates, which the team advises on ongoing contentious and non-contentious labour issues. Led by Ram Landa, the team has particular strength in assisting with the employment aspects of large and often cross-border corporate transactions. In one example, Hila Silverstein advised Neuroderm on the employee transfer aspects of a reverse triangular merger with Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma. Further, Landa and Silverstein are engaged by the majority of international pharmaceuticals companies operating in Israel, including Merck, GSK and Eli Lilly, in relation to all of their labour and employment matters, from terminations to HR policies to privacy and data issues to sexual harassment claims. Landa also provides a range of employment advice to Samsung, M+W Group and Medtronic. Hedvat Yanko Wollman is another key contact.

Amit, Pollak, Matalon & Co. Advocates and Notary

Amit, Pollak, Matalon & Co. Advocates and Notary provides 'a business-oriented service' to major domestic employers in complex labour and employment litigation and collective negotiations. The team is led by Rachel Harari-Lifshits, who defended The Education, Culture and Neighborhood Renewal Company in Tel Aviv established by the Jewish Agency for Israel in a class action dispute claiming compensation for work performed on Shabbat. Harari-Lifshits is also representing H&M and its Israeli distributor, Match Retail, in a dispute considering whether a private conversation between two employees outside of work about a third employee can be properly considered workplace harassment for the purposes of the employer's responsibilities. The group also acts for employers in initial unionisation attempts. In a recent mandate, Harari-Lifshits and Na’ama Babish acted for The Chevra Kadisha Association, the entity in charge of burials in Israel, in relation to its employees' first-ever attempt at unionisation with the Histadrut.

Barnea Jaffa Lande & Co.

The team at Barnea Jaffa Lande & Co. has 'a lot of experience advising international corporates on Israeli labour law'. Led by Marie Tsion, the team advises a roster of major multinationals on domestic compliance, terminations and employment litigation, and also provides a full range of labour and employment advice to prominent domestic employers. Tsion provides ongoing employment advice on issues such as HR policies, regulatory compliance and immigration law to the likes of Avgol Industries, GE Renewable Energy, Taboola and CBRE GWS International Israel, as well as a number of major engineering companies. In the domestic market, the team provides contentious and non-contentious labour and employment advice to Netafim, Azrieli Group and Amiad Water Systems, the last of which Tsion assisted with amendments to dozens of employment contracts concerning the provision of severance pay.

Efrat Deutsch & Co

Efrat Deutsch & Co is a boutique labour and employment office that provides 'superb, business-oriented advice' to large domestic and international employers. Led by name partner Efrat Deutsch, the firm advises on the full spectrum of contentious and non-contentious labour and employment issues and has been involved in sensitive and complex litigation concerning issues such as pension rights, gender discrimination and employee remuneration. Deutsch also represented a number of large employers in negotiations for first-time collective agreements. Inbal Palmor Dori and Shimrit Noy are additional contacts.

Erdinast, Ben Nathan, Toledano & Co.

Erdinast, Ben Nathan, Toledano & Co. has expertise in employment litigation, where it acts for large Israeli employers in civil litigation and class action disputes covering issues such as employee discrimination and termination, remuneration, and various other employee rights claims. In one matter, litigation head Giora Erdinast and labour law specialist Miriam Kleinberger-Attar represented Amitim in a dispute regarding a pension fund's obligation to provide an employee with disability payments despite certain internal policies. The duo also represented Shikun & Binui in class action litigation involving the allocation of monies accumulated in mutual assistance funds. In addition, Kleinberger-Attar acted for Bituach Yashir in relation to a motion to approve a class action concerning certain kinds of employees' entitlement to overtime wages. Moreover, the team has handled a variety of employment litigation for clients such as Nice and Beeper Communications Israel, and also provides ongoing labour law advice to yes.

Goldfarb Seligman & Co.

Goldfarb Seligman & Co.'s multidisciplinary labour and employment practice is 'very professional, very experienced and very responsive'. The team supports the firm's busy M&A group, which regularly handles high-value and often cross-border M&A and investment transactions involving large corporations with huge employee counts. In a recent matter, Revital Shprung-Levy advised Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma on all the employee due diligence in relation to its acquisition of NeuroDerm, and also handled the subsequent drafting of new employee and incentive agreements. In the contentious space, the team is representing Dalia Power Energies and the Forum of Natural Gas Powered Independent Power Producers, on behalf of the external suppliers of the Israel Electric Corporation (IEC), in a widely publicised dispute with the IEC's workers' union, the National Secretariat of the Israel Electric Corporation Workers. The practice is jointly headed by Ofer Ravid and Orit Zilony-Klinman, who provide the full range of labour and employment advice to well-known international financial institutions, market-leading technology companies, a multinational media group, and a host of domestic employers.

Gross, Kleinhendler, Hodak, Halevy, Greenberg, Shenhav & Co.

Gross, Kleinhendler, Hodak, Halevy, Greenberg, Shenhav & Co. has particular strengths in representing employers in collective negotiations and employees' attempts at unionisation. As an example, Yael Dolev represented Ariel University regarding an attempt at initial organisation by its administrative staff and the Histadrut; the team also represented the client in a court claim against the Histadrut regarding misconduct by the labour union throughout the organisation process. Dolev also acted for Gett in relation to a collective dispute, during which its employees attempted to unionise while the employer was in the process of dismissing the chairman of the employee action committee. In addition, Dolev acted for the Israel Postal Company in relation to an employee harassment claim, which was dismissed, and represented the Israel Airports Authority in an employment dispute alleging gender discrimination in a hiring process. Other key clients include Ashtrom Group, Amidar and Perrigo Israel.

S. Horowitz & Co

S. Horowitz & Co's strength in litigation extends to cases involving labour and employment law, where the team represents employers in collective disputes as well as more unique employment litigation. In one matter, department head Shoshana Gavish represented Minrav Holdings in a dispute over whether employees in a workplace that is governed by a collective agreement can file a representative class action; Gavish also represented The National Organization of Guarding and Security Companies on the same point. Additionally, the team has acted for Hadassah Medical Organisation in a litany of disputes involving issues from proposed strike action to the effects of a redundancy programme. The department handles more than just litigation, however. Gavish regularly advises international employers on issues such as regulatory compliance, immigration, recruitment, HR policies and termination; in this context, clients include HCL Technologies, Sabre Booking.com, Delta Air Lines and the British Embassy in Tel Aviv. Ofir Pozner is another key contact.

Shibolet & Co. with Raved, Magriso, Benkel & Co.

Shibolet & Co. with Raved, Magriso, Benkel & Co. is especially active in the hi-tech sector, where it advises international and domestic companies on the employment aspects of M&A and investment transactions, and employee remuneration options. Additionally, Hadas Raccah-Dvir has advised Delta Galil Industries on a wide range of legislative and compliance mandates, and recently assisted the client with a collective negotiation regarding salary and the termination of unionised employees. Raccah-Dvir also provides ongoing advice to General Motors, Jafora Tavori and Siemens Group. Also of note is the firm's niche expertise in blockchain and cryptocurrencies; stemming from this, the labour and employment team has advised clients on issues such as crypto-based employee awards and crypto compensation policies.

Tadmor Levy & Co.

Tadmor Levy & Co. provides ongoing labour and employment advice to prominent domestic and international employers, and also handles labour litigation and collective negotiations for some of Israel's largest corporates. Indeed, the team was involved in a number of labour and employment disputes for Rafael Advanced Defense Systems, Sonol Israel and Sprint Motors. Additionally, the department is engaged by Assuta Medical Centers in relation to all of its employment concerns, including employee terminations, collective negotiations and HR management. Led by Tal Keret, the team also provides day-to-day labour law advice to Credit Suisse, and assisted a Chinese construction contractor with all relevant work permits and regulatory compliance aspects for operating in Israel. Also of note, Keret acted for the labour union of Egged Israel Transport Cooperative Society in negotiations for a significant new collective agreement.

AYR – Amar Reiter Jeanne Shochatovitch & Co

AYR – Amar Reiter Jeanne Shochatovitch & Co has experience acting for employers in collective negotiations, as well as in pensions and employment litigation involving issues such as discrimination and wrongful termination. Department head Helit Simchoni represented 200 lawyers employed by the Israeli Tax Authority in negotiations with the Histadrut and with their employer to update the terms of their employment and transition from personal contracts to collective agreement. Simchoni also assisted a national industry organisation with the approval of employment permits for Palestinian workers in its respective industry. In the contentious space, the team acted for Magam Safety and AA Shidurit Tell Page in various class action disputes, and regularly represents Danya Cebus in administrative proceedings with the Population and Immigration Authority.

Gideon Fisher & Co

Gideon Fisher & Co acts primarily for municipalities and local public bodies, including Ashkelon Municipality, Sderot Municipality, Ramat Gan Municipality and Rahat Municipality. It has experience in a full range of contentious and non-contentious labour and employment matters, and has recently handled disputes over hiring tenders, terminations and collective negotiations. In the private sector, department head Dan Shwec represented U. Dori Construction in tens of claims filed by foreign workers alleging lack of payments in relation to their annual holidays and sick leave. The team also has experience acting for employees, including Shwec recently representing the internal auditor of Amidar in a claim for wrongful termination as a result of having exposed alleged irregularities and corruption.

Gornitzky & Co.

The team at Gornitzky & Co. advises domestic and international employers on HR management, general employment litigation and remuneration, and also assists with the recruitment of company officers. The labour department is led by Michael Ayalon, who provides ongoing employment law advice to clients such as Melisron and Fattal Hotels. Ayalon also has experience acting for high-ranking individual employees, including, recently, the CEO of Teva, in negotiations regarding terms of employment. Marriott International and Siemens Healthcare are among the department's international clients.

Lipa Meir & Co

Lipa Meir & Co fields a 'highly skilled employment team' that handles a wide range of labour and employment matters for well-known Israeli employers. Of particular note in 2018, department head Shabi Michaeli represented Israel Shipyards and Israel Shipyards Ports is negotiations for a collective agreement with the Histadrut, which marks the first-ever collective agreement for a private sector port in Israel. Michaeli is also acting for the National Workers Union in multiple proceedings regarding the authority of the Supervisor of Labor Relations in registering collective agreements. Moreover, the team handles a litany of employment litigation for clients including Mekorot, and advises The Carmel Winery and Clalit Health Services on issues such as collective negotiations and HR management and compliance.

Naschitz, Brandes, Amir & Co.

The team at Naschitz, Brandes, Amir & Co., which is jointly headed by Tommy Manor and Pnina Broder Manor, handles a range of contentious and non-contentious employment work for well-known multinationals such as Amazon, JCDecaux, Deutsche Lufthansa and Microsoft, as well as for major domestic employers such as Leumit Health Care, Migdal Insurance Company and Central Bottling Corporation. Broder Manor is engaged by The State Doctors' Organisation in relation to the collective agreements governing the provision of medical malpractice liability insurance, and Manor is representing Manpower Group in two employment class actions.

Pearl Cohen Zedek Latzer Baratz

Pearl Cohen Zedek Latzer Baratz advises its corporate clients on a range of ongoing labour and employment matters, from HR policy advice to terminations, and also handles employment litigation. The employment group is led by Kalia Klein, who recently acted for manufacturer in relation to a collective agreement signed with the Histadrut, and also represented an infrastructure company in negotiations with the Histadrut regarding the integration of certain employees into the company. Klein has also handled employment litigation.

S. Friedman & Co. Advocates & Notaries

S. Friedman & Co. Advocates & Notaries handles contentious and non-contentious labour and employment matters for its corporate clients, which include large domestic companies in the shipping, construction, education, and retail sectors. In the contentious space, department head Tal Enat-Ben Arieh represented Milouot Haifa Bay Settlements Development Co in a collective dispute in regional court concerning the recognition of a bargaining unit separate from the one guaranteed under the collective agreement with the Histadrut. The team has also defended U. Dori Construction in a number of employee rights claims filed by foreign employees claiming refugee status, and represented Haifa University in several collective disputes. Enat-Ben Arieh also provides a range of labour and employment advice to clients such as Zim Integrated Shipping Services, Super-Pharm Israel and Weizmann Institute of Science.

Strikovsky, Gal & Co. Law Offices

Strikovsky, Gal & Co. Law Offices has considerable experience representing large public and private sector employers in complex labour disputes.

Tulchinsky Stern Marciano Cohen Levitski & Co.

'From hire to fire', Tulchinsky Stern Marciano Cohen Levitski & Co. has 'a very professional team' that is 'well equipped to advise on all day-to-day employment issues'. Led by Michal Markovitz-Blachar, the team advises the firm's strong corporate client base on issues such as HR management, company recruitment, employment agreements, and employment disputes. The Caesarea Edmond Benjamin de Rothschild Corporation, Teva, Jerusalem Venture Partners, and Kramer Electronics are among the team's clients. Markovitz-Blachar also has experience handling the employment aspects of multibillion-dollar cross-border M&A.

Weksler, Bregman & Co., Advocates

Weksler, Bregman & Co., Advocates is well known for its involvement is high-profile insolvencies and debt arrangements, as well as major transactions in the real estate sector, which involve large-scale employee transfers, terminations, and collective negotiations. The department is jointly headed by Igal Kolof and Limor Argov-Shenhav, who advise clients such as Africa Israel Investments and H&O on issues such as terminations, HR management, compliance, and various employment litigation. Of particular note, Kolof and Argov-Shenhav acted for Negev Ceramics throughout the process of shutting down its factory in Yeruham. Other key clients include Gottex-Zara Israel Group, Safra Bank, and Packer Steel.

Salomon, Lipschütz & Co.

Acting primarily for domestic employers, Salomon, Lipschütz & Co. provides a 'high-quality professional service' in relation to employment disputes and collective negotiations as well as corporate reorganisations. Department head Einat Carmi-Barak is representing Harel Group and its subsidiaries in a number of disputes concerning discrimination and unlawful termination, and is also representing a transportation-sector client in a number of pensions-related disputes. Carmi-Barak also has experience advising corporate executives on retirement and employment agreements, and in this context has been engaged by a former executive at Bezeq and the CEO of Herzliya Medical Center.

Yigal Arnon & Co

The employment team at Yigal Arnon & Co has extensive experience handling the employment aspects of major cross-border M&A and liquidation procedures. Moreover, the team also handles general employment litigation and advises multinational corporates on the employment issues associated with the establishment and maintenance of Israeli operations. A key figure in the practice group is Ben Sandler, whom clients describe as 'exactly the kind of commercially minded lawyer that in-house counsel wants'. Sandler provides ongoing employment advice to international clients such as Avid Technology and Houzz. Also recommended is Shira Lahat, who advises Google on all of its ongoing employment and HR issues, and also assists the client with employment litigation.