Employment in Israel
Asher Heled & Co.
Demonstrating ‘great teamwork and expertise’, Asher Heled & Co.’s exclusive focus on labour and pensions law translates into a comprehensive employment practice. The group is best known for its weight in complex litigation, where it is routinely engaged by private and public sector employers to advise on major strategic matters. It also consistently acts for workers’ organisations and employees. Managing partner Asher Heled is a key figure in the team and enjoys close relationships with clients such as Harel Group and Amitim, the government-appointed organisation that incorporates eight defined benefit pension funds. Additional contacts include ‘gifted litigator’ Elisha Shor and Michal Levanon-Porat.
‘My impression as a whole is one of great teamwork and expertise. I was very impressed by the work undertaken by Asher Heled & Co. and I will, when the need arises, use them again.’
‘A full understanding of the characteristics of our organisation and the provision of creative solutions to address fundamental issues arising in labour relations.’
‘A wide understanding of working relationships, sensitivity in handling individual problems, high professionalism and service-oriented.’
‘The lawyers who handled the case were Asher Heled mainly and Shiri Shalev. My experience working with them was very good. They are professional and have extremely good expertise.’
‘Sher Heled, Ravit Kotek and Michal Levanon-Porat are outstanding professionals, achieving excellent results.’
‘Elisha Shor is a gifted litigator and a most reliable legal counsel.’
Senior Faculty Organisation of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem & the Administrative Faculty Organisation of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Pelephone communications Ltd.
Madanes Insurance Agency Ltd.
Emilia Development Ltd.
Israel Builders Association
Legal Assistance Clinic in the Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya (I.D.C. Herzliya)
- Represented Harel Group in two litigation cases before the Tel Aviv Regional Labour Court.
- Advised Amitim, the government-sponsored pension fund organisation, on a number of ongoing pension cases.
- Represented the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in a raft of disputes, including in a collective dispute regarding pensions.
Ehud Shilony & Co.
Ehud Shilony & Co. is highly regarded for its track record in representing employees and workers’ organisations in labour law matters, including collective negotiations and dispute resolution. The firm acts for many of the most high-profile unions and associations in the country, including Histadrut (the General Organization of Workers in Israel), the Professional Fire-Fighters Organization of Israel, and Mirsham (the Interns in Medicine Union). Significantly, the firm is involved in around a third of all petitions filed in Israel for collective disputes. Name partner Ehud Shilony advises corporations, unions, NGOs and employee committees on labour, employment and human rights law. Yael Shilony is noted for public sector-related matters.
‘The HISTADRUT Southern Division’ – The General Federation of Labor in Israel Southern Division
‘HISTADRUT HAMAOF’ – The General Federation of Labor in Israel Administration, Domestic Workers and Clerks Union
‘The HISTADRUT Union of Transportation Workers’ – The General Federation of Labor in Israel Union of Transportation workers
National Fire & Rescue Organization Employees Committee
The Food and the Pharmaceutical Workers Union
Magen David Adom Employees Committee (Red Cross of Israel)
Eilat Port Employees Committee
‘REUT’ Association – Rehabilitation Hospital and Safe Housing for the Elderly
Rotem Ampart Negev Ltd.Employees Committee
City Council of Beer-Sheva Employees Committee
City Council of Ashkelon Employees Committee
TEVA Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd. Kfar-Saba Employees Committee
Mirsham – Medical Residents and Interns Association
Oftov Ltd. Employees Committee
The Association of the Junior Academic Staff in Tel-Aviv University
- Represented the Association of Professional Firefighters in Israel in a collective dispute with the current management of the National Agency for Fire-Fighting and Rescue.
- Represented the workers’ committee of Teva in Kfar Saba in litigation concerning workers’ annual bonus mechanism.
- Acted for the Of Tov Factory Workers’ Committee in proceedings related to the failure of management to provide minimum wage supplements, following changes to the minimum wage in Israel.
The sizeable group at Fischer Behar Chen Well Orion & Co covers the waterfront on employment and labour matters, advising on day-to-day issues, through to transactional support matters and complex litigation. The firm’s impressive breadth of practice marks it as a go-to firm for major Israeli and multinational employers, with Intel Corporation, Air France–KLM and British Airways all on the team’s books. On the employee side, the firm has recently undertaken work for Histadrut (Israel’s largest trade union) and the workers’ committee of the Israel Airports Authority, among others. High-profile specialist Shay Teken heads a department that also includes senior associate Moran Friedman and ‘very professional’ associate Amit Bechler.
‘They never miss a thing, and are on top of every case.’
‘The team is available at all times (24/7 for urgent issues) and has a wide knowledge about employment as well as our industry.’
‘We find that the firm is very strong for industrial relations.’
‘The team seeks to find a legal resolution that is also applicable to the client’s commercial needs. They make things simpler, rather than complicating.’
‘Always available for any question, provide a personal service, nice to work with.’
‘Amit Bechler and Shay Teken are always available. Both possess a creative mind to solve issues and conflict by finding legal solutions that will fit commercial needs.’
‘Amit Bechler is very professional and shows deep understanding on labour law. Available for us when needed and knows how to direct us.’
Israel Discount Bank
New Chanel 10 Ltd.
Hadassah Medical Center
Tadbik – Packing Equipment Company
The National Youth and Children Theater
Fund for Encouragement and Development of the Construction Industry
The Drisco Hotel
The Histadrut (Israel’s largest organization of trade unions)
Aviation Companies: British Airways and Air France
The Israel Football Association
The Israel Bar Association
Israeli Organization of Cleaning Companies (IOCC)
Matan Welfare Services Ltd.
Various workers committees (see Publishable Matter 13)
Various employers (see Publishable Matter 19)
Education Network Dror-Israel Movement
- Advised on the employment aspects of Channel 10’s merger with Reshet 13, including negotiations concerning workforce redundancies.
- Represented various teachers and pensioners in a class action against the Ministry of Education regarding their pension allowance.
- Advised the management and the Board of Directors of the Hadassah Medical Center on day-to-day employment matters, including hiring and firing and employment policies.
Corporate heavyweight Herzog Fox & Neeman is a popular choice for resource-heavy transactional support matters, as demonstrated by its advice to PepsiCo on the employment aspects of its $3.2bn acquisition of SodaStream. The full-service employment and labour practice is notably strong in collective negotiations and contentious matters for both Israeli and multinational clients, including some of the country’s most prominent public-sector employers such as The Israel Electric Corporation, The Ashdod Port and Israel Railways. Orly Gerbi heads the group and is well versed across the full range of employment law and labour relations, including pensions and immigration. The group also includes Chagai Vered, who focuses on contentious matters, Haya Ehrman and Moria Tam-Harshoshanim.
‘HFN are the leading team in the employment law arena in Israel.’
‘The team is very well versed in the law and has good relationships with the relevant regulators.’
‘The individuals are all very responsive and provide clear, succinct and business-oriented advice.’
Edgewell Personal Care
L&T Technology Services Ltd.
Manufacturers Association of Israel
Meuhedet Health Fund (HMO)
Orpak (Fortive Group)
Tel Aviv University
Academic Center For Law and Business
Ashdod Port Company Ltd.
Israeli Employment Service
Haifa Port Company Ltd.
Israel Airport Authority
Israel Electric Corporation
Israel Hotel Association
JNF (Jewish National Fund)
Maccabi Health Services
National Insurance Institute
Siris Capital Group
Teva Pharmaceutical Industries
The Coordination Bureau of Economic Organizations
- Advised PepsiCo on employment matters connected to its $3.2bn reverse triangular merger with SodaStream.
- Represented Israeli Electrical Corporation in collective bargaining negotiations.
- Advised Mellanox Technologies on the employment aspects of its $6.9bn acquisition by Nvidia Corporation.
M. Firon & Co Advocates and Notaries handles the full range of labour, employment, pensions and immigration matters but is arguably best known for its broad experience in collective employment matters. The group is also distinguished by its strong record in the public sector, particularly within the healthcare space where it represents Israel’s second-largest employer, Clalit Health Services. The team also consistently advises private and public corporations on regulatory, transactional support and contentious matters. Department head Tamar Golan has strong expertise in collective negotiations. Other key contacts include Galit Golan-Rottem, who is noted for collective disputes, and Guy Golan.
Clalit Health services
The College of Management Academic Studies
Tapuz Gas Stations
A-T Group [Cornish Hen (1987) Ltd.]
Shlomo Transportation Group
Deloitte Israel (Brightman Almagor Zohar & Co.)
Migdal Insurance Company
- Represented Superbus in a collective bargaining agreement.
- Represented the College of Management Academic Studies in two collective disputes over severance payments.
- Acted for Clalit Health Services, the second-largest HMO in the world, in several matters, including five pension-related disputes.
Meitar Law Offices ’ employment team is commended for its ability to successfully deliver in a ‘rapidly changing technological, business and regulatory environment’. The group’s robust business understanding is a recurring theme, and its specialist sector expertise is evidenced through a strong representation of Israeli and multinational employers in the hi-tech, pharmaceutical and infrastructure spheres. The firm advises on the full scope of contentious and non-contentious matters, with a dominant presence in corporate support work; it recently handled the employment aspects of M&A transactions for SodaStream, Thoma Bravo and ClickSoftware. Department head Ram Landa demonstrates ‘high standards of expertise’. Hila Silverstein is recognised for her expertise in the hi-tech arena.
‘The uniqueness of this practice is first and foremost its ability to successfully deliver in a dynamic, rapidly changing technological, business and regulatory environment, characterised by a variety of specialised issues and niches of expertise.’
‘The team is skilled, responsive and demonstrates very good business understanding and judgement, thereby rendering a pragmatic and practical legal advice.’
‘We value the diverse skill sets and high professionalism of the team and its uncompromising ability to offer (and timely deliver) advice on a variety of business and legal areas in accordance with the most up-to-date legal situation and recommended best practices — all under stressful and dynamic working conditions.’
‘The team’s most prominent qualities are service orientation and responsibility, high professionalism and expertise.’
‘Ram Landa has proven high standards of expertise, up-to-date knowledge and familiarity with the legal environment and offers practical and timely advice and legal solutions on various and complex day-to-day labour issues.’
Palo Alto Networks
- Advised SodaStream International on the employment aspects of its $3.2bn acquisition by PepsiCo.
- Advised Pfizer on various labour law matters, including terminations and hiring procedures.
- Advised Samsung on day-to-day labour law matters, including litigation.
The ‘proactive and customer-oriented’ team at Amit, Pollak, Matalon & Co. Advocates and Notary acts for a broad roster of employers, with particular experience in the retail, transport, hi-tech and energy sectors. The department is well versed in both contentious and non-contentious work, with collective negotiations and employment disputes standing out as strengths. Department head Rachel Harari-Lifshits provides ongoing employment advice to several leading local and global companies, including Shlomo Sixt Group, Ayalon Insurance Company and Novartis Israel. Na’ama Babish is another name to note.
‘A very professional and up-to-date group that gives excellent support to me and my HR team.’
‘Deep understanding in the employment field in Israel, and in general.’
‘Provides exceptional support, strong availability and very professional communication. A proactive and customer-oriented group.’
Israel Railways Ltd.
Yenot Bitan Group
Hadera Paper Group
Suny Communications Ltd. (Samsung Israel)
Senior Staff Representative Body of the College of Management
Israel’s Scouts Youth Movement
Maccabi Natural – Maccabi Healthcare Group’s Alternative Medicine Division
Afcon Construction Ltd.
Reshet Media Ltd.
Ayalon Insurance Company Ltd.
Shikun & Binui Holdings Ltd. (SKBN) and its subsidiary, Solel Boneh Ltd.
PAZ Ashdod Refinery Ltd.
Match Retail Ltd (H&M Israel) as well as Swedish H&M
The Shlomo Sixt Group (including its subsidiaries: Shlomo Transportation (2007) Ltd., S. Shlomo Car Sales (2000) Ltd., A.C.Y. Auto Club Ltd. and Shlomo Garage Chain & Road Services Ltd.)
Maccabi Health Services (in cooperation with Herzog, Fox & Neeman)
Tidhar Construction Ltd.
Union Motors Group
Viber Lab Ltd.
Novartis Israel Ltd.
Yitzhak Tshuva Group
The Corporation for Educational, Cultural and Neighborhood Renewal Institutions in Tel Aviv
Wissotzky Tea (Israel) Ltd.
- Advised Shlomo Sixt Group on all its ongoing employment and labour matters, including a pensions class action.
- Acted for Ayalon Insurance Company on a string of labour and employment matters, including on a new collective bargaining agreement.
- Acted for Israel Railways in its employment and labour disputes.
In 2019, Barnea Jaffa Lande & Co. boosted its employment practice with the hire of new department co-head Netta Bromberg, who was formerly an associate at Erdinast, Ben Nathan, Toledano & Co. The two-partner group advises both employers and employees on the full spectrum of employment matters, with its recent experience spanning compliance issues, corporate transactions, pension plans, employee dismissals and labour disputes. Group co-lead Marie Tsion is ‘always willing to go the extra mile’ and routinely represents local and foreign employers, including Swiss Re, Uber Technologies and Azrieli Group.
‘This is a truly great team which not only provides sound legal advice but is extremely commercially minded.’
‘They help us navigate the legal landscape in Israel with ease. We always feel like we are in safe hands!’
‘My main contact is Marie Tsion, who is the head of the employment group. She is very focused, knowledgeable, responsive and practical.’
‘Marie really stands out in this team. She always provides valuable insight and experience with her advice. She is always willing to go the extra mile for us.’
‘Marie helps us truly understand all the costs and risks associated with our business decisions. She is never reluctant to give us her opinion and recommendations which we truly value and appreciate.’
Danel (Adir Yeoshua) Ltd.
Swiss Reinsurance Company Ltd
Azrieli Group Ltd.
Azrieli Foundation Israel
Uber Technologies Inc.
Gilead Sciences, Inc
- Advised Danel (Adir Yeoshua) on the employment aspects of its acquisition of 51% of Enaim Medical Center.
- Assisted Deliveroo with a number of issues, including employment terminations following the company’s decision not to proceed with launching operations in Israel.
- Advised Swiss Re on local labour law issues, including a severance pay dispute.
Specialist boutique Efrat Deutsch & Co provides ‘professional services, combined with creative thinking’. The group primarily acts for employers on the full life cycle of labour law matters, from compliance issues through to Supreme Court litigation. Clients are largely drawn from the hi-tech, food, retail and public sectors and include both Israeli and multinational names. Efrat Deutsch is ‘very respected in the labour courts’ and leads a group that provides ongoing advice to Matrix IT, the El Al Pilots Union and the Nestlé-owned Osem Group. Shimrit Noy, highlighted as a ‘business partner’, and Inbal Palmor Dori are also recommended.
‘The firm specialises in, and leads, the field of labour law.’
‘This firm, as opposed to other similar firms, is able to give the same high level of legal service, no matter which of the lawyers you approach. It is certainly not a “one man show” firm.’
‘The firm provides personal and professional services, combined with creative thinking.’
‘In the challenging and ever-changing reality of employer-employee relationships, it is of great importance to work with a firm that employs professional lawyers who are proficient in the changing world and find creative ways to resolve issues and disputes.’
‘The firm provides in-depth explanations for each question and the close relationship gives our company a great deal of confidence in its ongoing decision-making.’
‘Lawyers have a creative ability to settle claims in order not to be drawn into long court proceedings.’
‘On a personal level, communication and work relations are excellent, very professional and respectful.’
‘Efrat Deutsch leads a great legal team that provides our organisation with wide and deep consultation, both in our day to day work and also in unique contracts and legal situations.’
‘Efrat Deutch is a specialist in the sector. She has a strong focus on her field of study, learning and updating all the time. Very respected in the labour courts.’
‘Efrat Deutsch and her partner Shimrit Noy are top lawyers — very professional and any question or request is always answered only after they are sure that they have received all the relevant information to get a complete and clear picture of the situation.’
‘Shimrit Noy is a “business partner” – she deals with our cases as if she was an employee of our firm.’
Matrix IT Ltd.
El-Al (Pilots Representation)
Nestlé Osem Group
The Wingate institute
Tata Consultancy Services Ltd – TCS Israel
MX1 (R.R. Media) – SES
Ness Technologies Ltd
- Advised Matrix IT on day-to-day contentious and non-contentious employment matters.
- Advised UPS on various local labour law issues.
- Assisted Sodexo Israel with its day-to-day labour matters.
Erdinast, Ben Nathan, Toledano & Co.’s group impresses with its ‘out-of-the box thinking’. The well-rounded practice is routinely engaged by Israeli and multinational corporations on an array of compliance, transactional support and hiring and firing issues but is best known for its strong showings in contentious matters, particularly class actions. Department head Miriam Kleinberger-Attar ‘finds creative solutions to complicated situations’ and has a strong emphasis on employment and labour litigation. Prominent litigator Giora Erdinast also handles a significant volume of employment-related cases.
‘The employment team ask the right questions, provide fast responses and professional answers and out-of-the-box thinking. I feel in capable hands.’
‘Highly professional and excellent service provided by a human team, not like many other law firms.’
‘The team is comprised of professionals, who are caring, available 24/7, and give us the feeling that we are taken care of.’
‘Miriam Kleinberger-Attar, head of the department, is an amazing person, with knowledge and experience. She has a wide perspective and finds creative solutions to complicated situations.’
‘When talking with Miriam, I sometimes feel like she is reading my mind due to her deep understanding of complex situations and her ability to provide smart legal solutions.’
‘The team, led by Miriam, provides a unique professional view, not only regarding the demands of the law but also in terms of strategic thinking.’
‘Miriam works as one with the client to solve problems.’
Arbe Robotics Ltd.
Ramet Trom Ltd.
Marriott Hotels International Limited
Synamedia Technologies Israel Ltd.
Getty Images Inc.
D.B.S. Satellite Services (1998) Ltd. – yes
Direct-Insurance (I.D.I. Insurance Company Ltd.)
Shikun & Binui Ltd. Shikun & Binui –Solel Bone Ltd.
Mey Eden Production (2007) Ltd., Mey Eden Bar – First Class Service Ltd
The Culture Trip Ltd.
Beeper Communications Israel Ltd.
Bright Source Industries Israel Ltd.
Dip Tech Ltd.
Yelin Lapidot – Mutual funds management Ltd.
College of Management Studies
Galil Software Ltd.
The Israeli Volleyball Association
Uvda I.D Ltd.
Eldan Road Services Ltd.
Universal Trucks Israel Ltd. (UTI)
Israel Cattle Breeders Association
Merav Medical Center Ltd.
Afeka College of Engineering
Kaymera Technologies Ltd.
MediSeen eHealth Ltd.
Abraham Hostels Ltd.
Ben Horin and Alexandrovitz Ltd.
Ariel Photonics Assembly Ltd.
Skyline Robotics Ltd.
Algopix Holdings Ltd.
Blue Square Real Estate Ltd.
J. Aslan Marketing Ltd.
Cham Foods (Israel)
Elmshdawi King Store Ltd.
Step Ans Ltd.
- Advised Shikun & Binui Group on a NIS400m class action filed by retirees over mutual aid funds.
- Represented Kagam, an Israeli pension fund, in a case discussing an insolvent employers’ right to terminate the employment of employees during sick leave, among other issues.
- Acted for Getty Images on the employment aspects of its acquisition of Mar’ot Image Ltd.
Full-service firm Goldfarb Seligman & Co. leverages its sterling corporate client base to advise major domestic and global companies on employment and labour matters, with strong showings in the hi-tech and transportation sectors. The team advises on the full spread of related work, with particular expertise in transactions, restructurings and complex disputes. In addition, the firm recently boosted its immigration offering with the hire of new corporate immigration practice head Liam Schwartz, who was formerly at his own firm, Liam Schwartz & Associates. The department also draws on the senior experience of Ofer Ravid and highly regarded litigator Orit Zilony-Klinman.
‘Basically they are good lawyers that can understand the fine details of a case and represent convincingly to a judge.’
‘Good ability to work under pressure and not be affected by the opposing side’s attempts to misrepresent the subject under consideration.’
‘I’ve worked with Liam Schwartz directly over a period of several years handling my US immigration needs. I felt very confident that my case got all the care and attention.’
‘Liam, individually and as part of a team, was exceptional in communication and getting results.’
‘Liam Schwartz is an exceptional person, besides being incredibly communicative and easy to work with, he knows the US immigration domain more than any other attorney I have worked with.’
Dell-EMC, including EMC Israel Development Center Ltd.
The Arison Group
Warburg Pincus LLC
Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited
Morgan Stanley (Israel) Ltd.
Boston Consulting Group (BCG)
Marlin Equity Partners
IMI Systems Ltd. (formerly Israel Military Industries Ltd.)
Bank Hapoalim B.M.
Decathlon Israel Ltd.
Marker Advisors, LLC
SolelAben EPC Ashalim Limited Partnership, a partnership established by Shikun & Binui Group of the Arison Group
Novo Nordisk A/S,
Israel Aerospace Industries Ltd. (IAI)
Magen David Adom
Thoma Bravo LLC
Bayside Land Corporation Ltd. (“Gav Yam”)
The Israeli Advanced Technology Industries (IATI)
Elad Ronen Holdings Ltd. and Mr. & Mrs. Ronen and Carmit Elad
Netivei Ayalon Ltd. (Ayalon Highways)
Dori Media Group Ltd.
Dan Public Transportation Co. Ltd.
Ariel University’s Senior Academic Staff Association
Netanya Academic College
The Sport Palaces of Tel Aviv Yafo Ltd.
Nawi Brothers Group Ltd.
Inbal Insurance Co. Ltd.
Amot Investments Ltd.
The Israel Incoming Tour Operators Association
The Tantur Ecumenical Institute
Allot Communications Ltd.
Mrs. Ira Vigdorchik
The Eretz Israel Museum
Breath of Life International Ltd.
Kfar Saba Water Plant – Cooperative Agricultural Society Ltd.
The Tel Aviv Cinematheque
The Batsheva Dance Company
- Acted for Magen David Adom, Israel’s national emergency pre-hospital medical care and blood services organisation, on various contentious and non-contentious matters.
- Advised the Arison Group on day-to-day employment matters.
- Represented IMI Systems in a motion to certify a class action against it regarding parental rights for fathers.
The ‘very loyal and dedicated’ team at S. Horowitz & Co leverages the wider firm’s first-class dispute resolution offering to shine in contentious employment matters, with strong experience before Israeli labour courts, arbitration tribunals and mediation boards. The group also advises on non-contentious matters, including regulatory compliance, corporate advisory work and immigration. Department head Shoshana Gavish is held up as ‘one of the best in Israel’ and has a strong track record in advising clients in the healthcare, education and hi-tech sectors. Ofir Pozner is ‘very experienced’.
‘The employment team at S. Horowitz & Co. is very experienced and professional in the field of private labour law, as well as collective labour law.’
‘The lawyers on the team are very loyal and dedicated to their clients. As a result, the department has excellent clients who remain loyal to their services for many years.’
‘Professional, up-to-date lawyers, with long experience in the field of labour law.’
‘Shoshana Gavish, head of the employment department, is a great lawyer and one of the best in Israel.’
‘Shoshana Gavish is an expert, with many years of experience.’
‘Shoshana Gavish – a good colleague to consult with, with up-to-date and wide knowledge.’
‘Shoshana Gavish and Ofir Pozner are very experienced and serious as lawyers and as litigators.’
Hadassah Medical Organization
Haifa Port Company Ltd.
Minrav Holdings Ltd.
The British Council
The British Embassy
Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd.
Delta Air Lines, Inc.
The Weizmann Institute
Thomson Reuters Israel Ltd.
HaMossad LeBituach Leumi
The Academic College – Ramat-Gan
iAngels Crowd Ltd.
Beiersdorf AG, BEI
HCL Technologies Ltd.
Sabre Booking.com – subsidiary of booking.com holdings
Israel Cancer Association
Redwood International Sports
Brimag Systems Ltd. and Brimag Service Ltd. / Brimag Digital Age (TASE: BRMG)
- Advised Cardinal Health on the employment aspects of its $6.1bn acquisition of Medtronic’s patient care, deep vein thrombosis and nutritional insufficiency businesses.
- Assisted Haifa Port Company with employment disputes, including a collective dispute with the Sea-Department Union and the General Organization of Workers in Israel.
- Advising Israel’s National Social Security Agency, HaMossad LeVituach Leumi on employment matters.
Shibolet & Co.’s employment and labour team provides an ‘outstanding service’ to its broad base of Israeli and multinational clients. While it does act for senior executives, it is primarily active on behalf of employers, with a particularly prolific transactional support practice. Other key areas include collective negotiations, HR policy issues and litigation. Group head Hadas Raccah-Dvir is lauded as an ‘authority in the field of labour law’ and maintains a diverse practice, with notable experience in the hi-tech sector. Keren Maimon-Sandler has niche expertise in Kibbutz-related labour and employment matters.
‘What sets this team apart is the level of service and availability; the staff always come back with reasoned answers within very short response times.’
‘The staff’s knowledge is always up to date with new laws and regulations and court rulings. The team also holds customer seminars to expose customers to new labour law regulations and court rulings.’
‘What sets this team apart from other firms, is the degree of responsibility and intimacy with the client. My understanding as a customer is that I can always call and receive in the first step a short answer, and within a short time, the long and reasoned answer.’
‘The main difference is the feeling that the team is a part of your organisation and is always available to you.’
‘Provides an outstanding service: professional, timely, accurate, proactive.’
‘Well versed and responsive partners, with lots of knowledge of the legal material and the market, combined with a practical approach.’
‘Hadas Raccah-Dvir is an authority in the field of labour law. She undertakes small and large jobs, from simple labour contracts to examining company work procedures and compliance with laws and regulations.’
‘Hadas Raccah-Dvir is a highly skilled and practical partner, who delivers great solutions in a timely manner.’
Ceragon Networks Ltd.
China State Construction Harbor
Delta Galil Industries Ltd.
Heinman- James Richardson
Inter-Disciplinary Center Herzliya
Kav Manche – Hashavim
Ramat Hagolan Winery
The Trendlines Group
Water Corporation – Kiryat Gat
Yafora Tavori Ltd.
- Provided day-to-day employment advice to Alon Group.
- Advised Goldman Sachs and Morgan Stanley on the employment aspects of its financing of Qlik’s $560m acquisition of Attunity.
- Represented Rav-Bariach in a class action petition filed by a former employee.
Tadmor Levy & Co
Tadmor Levy & Co houses a diverse employment and labour practice, which advises a range of employers, employees and labour unions on contentious and non-contentious issues. The firm provides ongoing advice to many prominent Israeli and multinational corporations, across a variety of industry sectors, including Assuta Medical Centers (which operates the largest private hospital in Israel), Malam Team (which has a 3,400-strong workforce) and Rafael Advanced Defence Systems. Tal Keret has a ‘unique understanding of business needs’ and leads a two-partner team that also includes Shira Cohen-Mazor.
‘The Tadmor Levy employment department was attentive to our needs in an exceptional way and was available to us 24/7 — we could not have been in safer hands.’
‘The employment team’s knowledge in specific employment issues affecting health-related employers is unique and wide.’
‘Their knowledge and experience in both private and collective employment in Israel also acts as a big advantage and helped us greatly, as our organisation has to deal with employee unions, collective bargaining negotiations and disputes.’
‘Tal Keret, head of the employment department, has unique understanding of business needs, a quick and sharp understanding of any new development and provides smart and creative solutions within the frame of the law.’
Assuta Medical Centers Ltd. and Assuta Ashdod Ltd.
Malam Team Ltd.
Credit Suisse Financial Services (Israel) Ltd.
Sonol Israel Ltd. and Sprint Motors Ltd.
Rafael Advanced Defense Systems
Labour Union of Arkia Israeli Airlines Ltd.
Y.H. Dimri Construction and Development
The “Leaders” Organization – The new Workers Union of the School Principals in Israel (In formation)
Adler Chomski & Warshavsky
Oranim Academic College
Alpha Bio Tec. Ltd.
Sarel – Logistic Solutions and Products for Advanced Medicine Ltd.
Association for the Wellbeing of Israel’s Soldiers (AWIS)
Shaniv Paper Industries Ltd.
SIPG Terminal Bayport Co. Ltd.
IBC – Israel Broadband Company
- Advised Assuta Medical Centers on day-to-day contentious and non-contentious matters, including on arbitration proceedings related to the termination of an employment contract.
- Represented Malam Team in several employment disputes.
- Advised Credit Suisse Financial Services (Israel) on various matters such as drafting employment agreements and advising on termination proceedings.
AYR – Amar Reiter Jeanne Shochatovitch & Co’s one-partner team has an emphasis on employment disputes, particularly within the construction, hi-tech and restaurant sectors. Clients include employees and employers and it handles a range of contentious issues, including terminations, trade secrets, sexual harassment and discrimination. It also provides supplementary support in pensions and immigration matters. Helit Simhoni heads the department.
Hertz – car rental company (Kesher Rent A Car Ltd.)
Danya Cebus Ltd.
Ono Academic College
The National Israeli Restaurants Organization
Maccabi Haifa Football Club
- Assisted Riskified with its claim against a former employee concerning issues such as theft of trade secrets.
- Represented an individual in bringing a case against her former employer, following her dismissal during fertility treatment.
- Represented Kedmi Metals and Contracting in defending a claim for a survivor’s pension following the death of an employee.
‘Knowledgeable, personal, creative, practical’, FWMK (Furth, Wilensky, Mizrachi, Knaani)’s increasing prominent practice assists employers and senior executives with contentious and non-contentious issues. The group is particularly active on behalf of tech and life sciences companies, including Redis Labs, Medica Excel Group and Soluto. Yael Ben-Naim has a ‘practical and smart approach’ and heads a team that also includes impressive associate Dorit Rachamim.
‘The team is very helpful and provides ad hoc answers and solutions to our company’s employment issues. Lawyers always have answers to our questions on human resource policies, recruitment and employment challenges — and also on the implementation of Israeli laws.’
‘Knowledgeable, personal, creative, practical.’
‘The team is very responsive and provides practical and good advice relating to labour law.’
‘The fact that they balance personal with professional service makes them unique.’
‘The team’s most important strengths are availability and its positive attitude towards the client.’
‘The team is professional and familiar with Israeli employment laws and common practice.’
‘I have been working with Yael Ben-Naim for couple of years now and I’m very satisfied with the level of legal advice, and specifically with her practical and smart approach.’
‘Dorit & Yael are highly professional and available to meet our every need in terms of labour law legal advice and amendments.’
‘Yael Ben-Naim, Dorit Rachamim and Elad Astro were a pleasure to work with: knowledgeable, careful and particularly good for start-up companies.’
‘Associate Dorit Rachamim managed to combine the professionalism of someone with vast experience with the availability of a new attorney.’
‘Elad Astro is available on an immediate basis. Each case is analysed in detail and explained to us. Elad has a lot of knowledge in his area of expertise and he wants to share it with us.’
Shamir Optical Industry Ltd.
Ace Capital Retail (2016) Ltd.
Medica Excel Group
Edmond de Rothschild Group
Redis Labs Ltd.
Morphisec Information Security 2014 Ltd.
Notal Vision Ltd.
Hapoel Ramat Gan Givataim F.C.
Aviation Links Ltd.
Securing Sam Ltd.
Cellebrite Mobile Synchronization Ltd.
Avanan Research and Information Security Ltd.
Innovid Media Ltd.
Sintec Media Ltd.
Gil-Car Systems (98) Ltd.
Source Defense Ltd.
Powermat Technologies Ltd.
King David Tower Hotel Ltd.
Binah .AI Ltd.
Yozmot Atid registered association
- Assisted Redis Labs with the employment aspects of its $60m financing led by Francisco Partners.
- Advised the private clinics group controlled by businessman Zvika Barenboim, including Medica Excel and Medica Excel Tel Aviv, on contentious and non-contentious employment matters.
- Advised Morphisec Information Security on a wide range of issues related to employment in Israel and employment in the US.
Gideon Fisher & Co
Gideon Fisher & Co is best known for its specialist expertise in advising municipalities and regional councils, and is noted for its ‘high understanding in fields relevant to a municipal corporation’. Key clients include Ramat Gan Municipality, one of the largest municipalities in the country, the Givatayim Municipality and Ariel Municipality. The group, which has a balanced workload of contentious and non-contentious matters, also acts for private companies, associations, non-profit organisations and individuals. Dan Shwec heads the department.
‘A large office with a large number of experts and professional lawyers in the fields of labour law and municipal issues.’
‘This team is a strong team, and their confidence gives us confidence too. This team has a lawyer for almost every matter, although the team leader always stays involved.’
‘Provides quick and professional response with high understanding in fields relevant to a municipal corporation.’
‘They provide high-quality service and personal attention to all legal needs.’
‘Lawyers are all easy going people. They understand our needs and match them together with the legal challenges successfully.’
‘Every time we use their services, we learn something new.’
‘Available and professional lawyers providing thoughtful and professional flexibility in finding the right legal solutions for the organisation.’
‘Dan Shwec completes the work diligently and well. He is always on time and we are very happy with the team’s service.’
‘Dan Shwec and Ofer Reznik have been assisting us for several years and have been partners through difficult organisational processes.’
The Sport Centres Management Association in Ramat Gan
Kiryat Malachi Economic Development Corporation Ltd.
Ein Afek Ltd
Kiryat Malachi Development Fund
Sderot Development fund
First Initiation – The Municipal Company Ltd
Zivlin Youth Communication Ltd-
Ramat Gan Economic Corporation
Sderot Economic Corporation
Ofek Hod Hairdresser Ltd
The Municipal Company for Culture, Youth, Sport and Vacation of Ashkelon Ltd
Sedot Dan (Former name: Lod Valley Regional Council)
Local Council of Lehavim
The Garden City of Ramat Gan (National Park)
Hod Hasharon Economic Corporation
Ariel Municipality – Zaka
Moatza Dati EIlat (Religious Council of Eilat)
Iftah – Economic Development Unit – Or Akiva
Dekel Cleaning & Maintenance Services Ltd
Ramat Gan Municipality
- Represented the Ramat Gan municipality in a raft of employment matters, including in a motion for temporary relief against the recent nomination of the city engineer.
- Acted for Ha’Meshakem in a range of labour and employment issues, including in a recent claim alleging underpayment.
- Advised the Municipality of Givatayim on day-to-day labour and employment issues, including hiring and dismissals, employment agreements and litigation.
Gornitzky & Co.’s employment group recently added several clients to its growing practice portfolio, including Israel Hotel Association and luxury hotel, The Jaffa. The new engagements are testament to the group’s strong brand in the hotel sector, where it benefits from its ability to draw on the wider firm’s specialist hotels, travel and leisure practice. The team is well versed across the full spread of labour and employment issues, with contentious matters standing out as a strong suit under the leadership of ‘brilliant litigator’ Michael Ayalon.
‘The team at Gornitzky & Co. are super professional and understand the practice and the relevant law very well.’
‘Gornitzky & Co. were always quick to respond to inquiries and very clear with their guidance.’
‘The team always makes themselves available, even on short notice. They are clear and thorough in their legal advice, and provide answers in a quick and efficient manner.’
‘They are professional, pleasant and not arrogant the way some law offices tend to be.’
‘Michael Ayalon represented us in employment litigation cases and always guided us in the right way.’
‘We found Michael Ayalon and Roni Aviram both to be very knowledgeable in their field.’
‘Michael Ayalon is very professional, highly respected and appreciated among his colleagues and also the judges in the labour courts. I work only with him when it comes to employment law.’
‘Michael Ayalon is a brilliant litigator. Very professional.’
‘Michael Ayalon is very knowledgeable and very creative in terms of managing legal processes and procedures. He is always available and very service-oriented.’
‘Michael Ayalon is an exceptional professional in labour law. He was totally dedicated to our case, agreed to meet us immediately and spent the whole day with us, recruiting some of his partners to join him and provide us with the best advice.’
Venus Concept Ltd.
Saips AC Ltd.
Israel Hotel Association
Morningside International LLC
Pension Fund For Dan members Ltd.
International Flavors & Fragrances, Inc.
Dan Public Transportation Group
Fattal Hotels Ltd.
- Advised Israel Hotel Association on day-to-day employment matters, including agreements for executive and junior employees, and class actions proceedings.
- Acted for SolarWinds on the employment aspects of its $350m acquisition of Samanage.
- Advised Fattal Hotels, Israel’s largest hotel chain, on all of its employment law matters.
Gross, Kleinhendler, Hodak, Halevy, Greenberg, Shenhav & Co. specialises in advising local employers on labour law, with robust skill sets in compliance issues, employee terminations, collective agreements and disputes. The firm also advises Israeli and multinational clients on the employment aspects of major transactions. Department head Yael Dolev counts a mix of corporations, associations and public sector entities among her clients.
Ariel University (AU)
Neto Melinda Trade Ltd.
Israel Postal Company
The Israel Airports Authority
Shamrock Capital Advisors
- Represented Ariel University in several collective bargaining agreement disputes, relating to different sectors of the University.
- Advised Gett on labour matters, including recruitment, preparation of labour agreements and compensation plans.
- Represented Neto Melinda Trade against a former employee, who submitted a labour-related class action against its subsidiary, Bikorey Hasadeh.
Lipa Meir & Co advises leading Israeli companies and unions on labour and employment matters, with strong experience in the retail, healthcare and public sectors. The team is also distinguished by its track record in contentious cases, including collective disputes and class actions. Other areas of expertise include collective negotiations, transactional support matters and employment contracts. Shabi Michaeli heads the practice.
Mega Retail Group
Clalit Health Services
Israel Shipyards Ltd. & Israel Shipyards Port Ltd. & Ciment
Bitan Wines Retail
The Carmel Winery
Ginegar Plastics Limited
Tata Consultancy Services Israel
Medor (subsidiary of Amplifon S.p.A.)
Municipal Environmental Association of Ashkelon
Peretz Boney Hanegev
Marsh Israel Insurance Agency Ltd (subsidiary of MARSH & McLENNAN Companies)
Shekel Scales 1998 Ltd.
- Advised Mega Retail Group on the labour aspects of its bankruptcy and subsequent acquisition by Yenot Bitan.
- Advised Clalit Health Services on employment matters, including termination procedures and workplace compliance.
- Represented Israel Shipyards, and its subsidiaries Israel Shipyards Port and Ciment, on individual and collective labour law, including on a collective agreement for Israel Shipyards Port.
N. Feinberg & Co.
Specialist boutique N. Feinberg & Co. stands as the largest labour relations-focused firm in the country, with 14 partners dedicated to advising employers on collective and individual labour law. The team acts for a string of major Israeli and multinational companies, with its membership of leading employment network L&E Global a significant asset in terms of the latter. It also represents public sector employers. Name partner Nachum Feinberg is widely regarded as an authority in the labour area. Experienced specialist Orna Sher is also recommended.
‘Provides very professional and excellent service, combined with high availability, very friendly lawyers, and above all, very good results.’
‘The individuals we work with, mainly Orna Sher, are very professional, available at any time and care deeply about our organisation.’
Bank of Israel
The First International Bank of Israel
El Al Israel Airlines Ltd
Arkia Israeli Airlines
Egged Israel Transport
Israel Chemicals Ltd
Isracard (credit card company)
Elbit Systems Ltd
Rafael Advanced Defence Systems Ltd
The state of Israel
The port of Ashdod
Haifa Chemicals Ltd
The Dead Sea Works
The Open University
Strauss Group Ltd.
Osem investments Ltd.
Israel Discount bank
Taro pharmaceutical company
Reinhold Cohn Group
Nesher Israel Cement Enterprises
Amitim (defined Benefit pension funds)
Naschitz, Brandes, Amir & Co. handles contentious and non-contentious employment matters for a raft of multinational clients, with particular experience in collective bargaining. The group acts across all industry segments, but the wider firm’s leading hi-tech practice marks it as a popular choice for technology companies, with Microsoft, Wix.com and Taldor Computer Systems all turning to the firm for employment advice. Tommy Manor and the ‘creative and business-oriented’ Pnina Broder Manor jointly head a team that also includes the ‘knowledgeable’ Michal Zohar-Neistein.
‘The team is very professional and devoted.’
‘Lawyers are very polite, efficient and provide pragmatic advice.’
‘Very smart lawyers who are extremely cost-conscious and highly responsive.
‘Pnina Broder Manor is the best employment lawyer in Israel. Very sophisticated, smart, creative and business-oriented.’
‘Michal Zohar-Neistein is pleasant and very knowledgeable in the field of employment, as well as always available and helpful.’
Plus 500 Ltd
Taldor Computer Systems
Migdal Insurance Company
Leumit Health Care
Derech Eretz Highways
The Plants Production & Marketing Board
Oxygen and Argon Works
Gilat Satellite Networks
Hakurnas Lead Works
- Advised Microsoft on various employment matters, including background checks and external staff review.
- Assisted Taldor Computer Systems with day-to-day employment matters, including litigation.
- Advised Wix.com on the employment aspects of several transactions.
Pearl Cohen Zedek Latzer Baratz’s firm-wide emphasis on the hi-tech and life sciences sectors translates into a strong representation of Israeli and multinational technology companies in labour and employment matters, including CA Technologies Israel, Ormat Technologies and Aspect Imaging. The group advises on a wide range of traditional employment matters, such as employment agreements, terminations and collective negotiations. It also has experience in non-compete covenants, confidentiality matters and option plans. Group head Kalia Klein handles both non-contentious matters and litigation.
Yankowitz y Building & Development Ltd
CA Technologies Israel Ltd.
Bait Balev Ltd.
Hilti (Israel) Ltd.
Ormat Technologies Inc.
Aspect Imaging Ltd.
Brand Industries Ltd.
Edmond De Rothschild Bank
Lev Group Media
Hilton Tel Aviv
Utilis Israel Ltd.
- Successfully represented Yankowitz y Building & Development in a case discussing the definition of professional manpower.
- Advised CA Technologies Israel on day-to-day labour and employment matters.
- Represented Beit Balev in a working terms and conditions claim filed by nine doctors from the Bat Yam Rehabilitation Hospital.
S. Friedman & Co. Advocates & Notaries counts several major Israeli employers among its clients, including ZIM Integrated Shipping Services (Israel’s largest shipping company), Haifa University and Super Pharm (Israel’s second-largest chain of drug stores). The team has experience across a broad spread of collective and personal labour law, with a particularly active contentious practice. Tal Enat-Ben Arieh’s litigation expertise spans personal claims, collective disputes and strikes.
ZIM Integrated Shipping Services Ltd.
Milouot Haifa Bay Settlements Development Co. Ltd.
Hamashbir Department Stores Ltd.
Netivei Israel – National Transport Infrastructure Company Ltd.
Super Pharm (Israel) Ltd.
Weizmann institute of science
Qualcomm Israel Ltd.
Ort Braude College
Palram Industries (1990) Ltd. (PALRAM)
Matomy Media Group Ltd. (MTMY)
Ralco Agencies Ltd.
I. Sade Projects
Levinsky College of Education
Plasson Ltd. (TASE: PLASSON)
Rekah Pharmaceutical Industry Ltd.
Overseas Commerce Ltd.
Rom Geves Casing and Covering (1997) Ltd.
Chamber of Commerce & Industry of Haifa and the North
Rekah Pharmaceutical Industry Ltd.
Overseas Commerce Ltd.
Sky Line Cranes & Technologies Ltd.
Maccabi Haifa – Carmel Basketball Ltd.
Maon Nave Kineret
Bermad Products Ltd.
RADA Electronic Industries Ltd.
Sky Line Cranes & Technologies Ltd.
Maccabi Haifa – Carmel Basketball Ltd.
Maon Nave Kineret
Pluristem Therapeutics Inc.
Tiv Tirat Zvi
Western Galilee Dairy
Pluristem Therapeutics Inc.
Western Galilee Dairy
Mori Seiki Israel Ltd.
Aspen Group Ltd.
All Ways Forwarding INT’L Ltd.
Eyal Cargo and Supervision (1995) Ltd.
Gal Marine Ltd.
Cyberint Technologies Ltd.
Life Sport Ltd.
Sela Medical Ltd.
U. Dori Construction Ltd.
- Advised ZIM Integrated Shipping Services on labour law issues, including private lawsuits and union disputes.
- Represented Haifa University in several contentious matters, including collective bargaining disputes.
- Advised U. Dori Construction on day-to-day labour matters, including labour disputes.
Salomon, Lipschütz & Co.
Traditionally focused on representing employers, Salomon, Lipschütz & Co. has increased its share of employee-side work of late, particularly in relation to sexual harassment claims and benefit-related issues. That said, corporate clients continue to provide the bulk of engagements, including major local and global companies such as Harel Group, Motorola Solutions Israel and ONE1 Group. Department head Einat Carmi-Barak is recognised for her strong litigation expertise — she also handles regulatory and transactional matters.
S. Shlomo Holdings Ltd.
Jerusalem Capital Studios (JCS) Ltd.
Helios Development Ltd.
Afcon Holdings Ltd.
Mobileye Vision Technologies Ltd.
Dor Alon Group
Harel Insurance Group
Cna’an Group – Insurance Agency
Carasso Motors Group
Elgad Pizza Ltd D.G. Pizza Ltd.
Stone Quarries Ltd.
Mercury Aviation Ltd.
Metro Motor Marketing 1981 ltd.
Shem Olam Institute
TriTech Biomed ltd.
Tapuz Gas Station
Herzliya Medical Center
- Represented Mobileye in a lawsuit concerning payment of organisational handling fees.
- Advised Harel Insurance Investments & Financial Services on several labour issues, including employee layoffs.
- Represented Dor Alon Group in a criminal matter relating to the work of employees on the Sabbath.
Tulchinsky Stern Marciano Cohen Levitski & Co.’s employment practice advises a raft of life sciences and hi-tech companies on compliance, transactional and contentious issues. Key clients range from start-ups through to global companies, including Teva, Boehringer Ingelheim Israel and Orbotech. The firm also acts for senior employees on complex employment matters. Group head Michal Markovitz-Blachar has significant regulatory expertise earned during a ten-year stint at the Ministry of Labor, Social Affairs and Social Services.
Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd.
Jerusalem Venture Partners (JVP)
The Caesarea Edmond Benjamin de Rothschild Corporation and The Developmental Company for Caesarea Edmond Benjamin de Rothschild Corporation.
Eyeway Vision Ltd.
Boehringer Ingelheim Israel Ltd.
Mobius Solutions Ltd.
Sam Spiegel Film and Television – Jerusalem
Gidi Bar – Zakay Consulters Ltd.
MUSA – Eretz Israel Museum Tel Aviv
Yozma Leumit (Israel Initiative) Association
Wise Ecommerce Ltd.
Lavi Furniture Industries
Sanara Ventures Ltd.
Advanced Vision Technology (A.V.T) Ltd.
Advanced Dicing Technologies Ltd.
- Assisted Teva with a raft of employment and labour matters, from employment and retirement agreements to contentious and regulatory matters.
- Advised Orbotech on the employment aspects of its $3.4bn acquisition by KLA-Tencor.
- Advised Boehringer Ingelheim Israel on various issues, including on employment termination processes.
Weksler, Bregman & Co., Advocates’s premier restructuring offering is a significant driver of its employment practice. In a recent example, it advised Negev Ceramics on employment matters connected to the shut down of its factory in Yeruham. The practice is more than just an adjunct of the firm’s insolvency department, and the team provides standalone expertise in collective agreements, workplace compliance procedures, employee dismissals and immigration issues. Commercial specialist Igal Kolof jointly heads the practice alongside litigator Limor Argov-Shenhav.
Negev Ceramics Ltd. and its subsidiaries
Africa Israel Investments Ltd. And its subsidiaries
Africa Israel Hotels ltd. – Crowne Plaza Israel
Safra Bank Ltd.
Rapac and Intergamma Groups
PM – Partner Manufacturing Ltd
Gottex-Zara Israel Group
Top Ramdor Systems and Computers (1990) Ltd
Orpak Systems Ltd
Aminach furniture & mattresses Industries Ltd
Samurai Trade Ltd
Acting for prominent construction companies (Danya Cenus, Dori Construction, Rom Geves)
JICA – Japan-Israel Commercial Association
Delta Digital Ltd.
The Czech Republic
Health Direct Medical Services Ltd.
- Advised Negev Ceramics on the process of shutting down its factory in Yeruham and follow-on employment matters.
- Represented Africa Israel Investments in several claims before various regional labour courts nationwide.
- Advised Packer Steel on employment matters connected to its financial recovery process, including collective negotiations.
Yigal Arnon & Co’s core strengths in the hi-tech and life sciences sectors are very much in evidence on the employment front, with clients including Google, Broadcom and Avid Technology. In addition, the team is a popular choice to advise on the employment aspects of one-off transactions, such as its recent advice to Nvidia Corporation on the labour and employee benefit aspects of its $6.9bn acquisition of Mellanox Technologies — Ben Sandler, whose practice spans corporate and employment matters, led that work. Shira Lahat handles a mix of contentious and non-contentious matters and jointly heads the department alongside Sandler.
MKS Instruments, Inc.
TowerJazz / Tower Semiconductor Ltd.
Embassy of India
The Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs
The National Institute for Testing and Evaluation
- Acted for Nvidia Corporation on the labour and employee benefit aspects of its $6.9bn acquisition of Mellanox Technologies.
- Advised Google on day-to-day employment matters, including incentive plans and terminations.
- Advised Broadcom on the Israeli human resources aspects of its acquisition of Computer Associates.