Energy in Germany

Hengeler Mueller

With transaction specialists and litigators highly experienced in the energy sector, Hengeler Mueller's broad-based practice is one of the key players in the market. The firm also offers many years of experience in financing law, which is called upon in grid expansion mandates and projects to realise Germany's energy transition. Regulatory expertise, most notably in the electricity and gas grid arena, is concentrated in the Düsseldorf office with Dirk Uwer, counsel Jörg Meinzenbach and Daniel Zimmer, who made partner in January 2020. The trio's experience leads to regular instructions on industry-specific principal proceedings, including on grid connection costs, redispatch compensation and offshore grid expansion. Nicolas Böhm, Jens Wenzel and counsel Andreas Breier in Berlin along with Frankfurt-based Sebastian Schneider are particularly active in the realisation of large-scale renewable energy projects such as offshore wind parks. This also includes advice on power purchase agreements. Düsseldorf-based Moritz Rademacher, who specialises in regulatory proceedings and litigation, made counsel in January 2020.


'' You are able to understand complex energy-related issues, to link this accordingly with the legal argumentation and to take a close look at the business interests of the clients. The legal processing of the topics takes place in an extraordinary depth. Even complex and extensive mandates are processed in small, efficient teams. Very good processing of topics that have to be processed in-house. '

' Jörg Meinzenbach: Very high expertise in energy law and a very good understanding of the market, recommended as a litigation lawyer in the energy sector. '

Luther Rechtsanwaltsgesellschaft mbH

With Düsseldorf-based Holger Stappert as practice head and Guido Jansen as head of the Düsseldorf office, Luther Rechtsanwaltsgesellschaft mbH has a strong profile for antitrust law with its range of services including both transactional as well as contentious work. With Richard Happ in Hamburg, the team is well equipped to guide clients through cross-border and arbitration proceedings. In addition to Stappert, other key contacts for power plant projects and energy infrastructure include Leipzig-based public procurement lawyer Karsten Köhler and Düsseldorf-based Stefan Altenschmidt, who specialises in public commercial law. Angelo Vallone, also based in Düsseldorf, has broad regulatory expertise, including in renewable energy law with a focus on the special equalisation scheme. The coal phase-out constitutes another key element of the practice with Düsseldorf-based counsel Tobias Leidinger playing a key role in this space, thanks to his experience in the nuclear phase-out. With the addition of former Norton Rose Fulbright partner Gerd Stuhlmacher, who joined the Munich office in April 2020, the regulatory practice, and its energy trading capabilities in particular, received a significant boost. Other key areas of expertise include hydrogen economy, e-mobility and project finance. In December 2020, energy and infrastructure sector M&A lawyer Michael Krömker joined Dentons together with of counsel Xi Xie.

Practice head(s):

Holger Stappert


Very good industry know-how. Very high availability and reliability in the often very time-critical and complex M&A transactions!

Best-in-class know-how in all regulatory issues relating to energy. We are always extremely satisfied. Advice is always spot-on.

Very practical advice with an eye on the essentials; fast response times; Compared to many other law firms, very specific statements and evaluations on individual issues without constant repetition of ‘disclaimers’ .’

Quick response. Good use. Prudent advice.

Excellent and many years of expertise, fast response time.

” In- depth knowledge of energy law is combined with a strong practical orientation, particularly with regard to the relevant topics for medium-sized companies.

High level of expertise and flexibility in the further development of existing and the introduction of new legal bases / changes. High-quality solution finding and think of a well thought-out factual strategy, based on information and facts.

High level of expertise in issues relating to federal pollution control and building law, and in particular in CO2 certificate trading.

Very goal-oriented! The focus is on the project! Very good ability to explain facts!

Very committed M&A practice with broad know-how also in industry-specific matters. High personal commitment by the partner, even in time-critical transactions, in order to lead the client to success.

High degree of social skills, good communication and teamwork skills, critical ability and a high willingness to learn with regard to complex issues. Problem solver and not problem solver. ‘

The very high availability, the great commitment and the very good price-performance ratio often distinguish Luther from other law firms.

Strong commitment, always available and responsive when there is an urgent need, excellent expertise, very good price-performance ratio.

Angelo Vallone: Excellent knowledge of developments and the current status of energy law. Think outside the box. Fast reaction time.

Angelo Vallone: Proven expert in energy law; high level of detailed knowledge; good interdisciplinary understanding of the energy industry (e.g. interfaces to technical issues); good accessibility; good networking in the energy sector and thus valuable insights into ‘industry insides’ for the benefit of clients.

Angelo Vallone: Great expertise, very good practical relevance, speed, confident procedural representation.

Karsten Köhler: Target-oriented, client-oriented, establishes helpful contacts with industry participants.

Key clients

E.ON (und Konzernunternehmen)


LEAG (Lausitz Energie Kraftwerke AG)

Statkraft Markets


Open Grid Europe

TenneT TSO









Saint Gobain


Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin (HZB)

Work highlights

  • Lausitz Energie Bergbau AG (LEAG): Comprehensive legal advice to the client as the operator of open-cast lignite mines and power plants in Lusatia in connection with the exit from coal-fired power generation.
  • TrailStone GmbH: Successful defense of the client in a REMIT proceedings initiated on charges of market manipulation.
  • Uniper Global Commodities SE: Advising the client on licensing law as the developer of an LNG landing terminal in Wilhelmshaven, one of three pilot projects in Germany.

Becker Büttner Held, Rechtsanwälte Wirtschaftsprüfer Steuerberater

Becker Büttner Held, Rechtsanwälte Wirtschaftsprüfer Steuerberater scores points for its energy sector-specific interdisciplinary services, which, in addition to legal support, also includes auditing, consulting services and tax advice. The team is best known for its regulatory expertise and its contentious practice, which are particularly well combined in proceedings conducted with legal cost pools. Ines Zenke and Tigran Heymann illustrated the team's antitrust law expertise with the representation of several energy companies in the action for annulment brought before the ECJ on the merger of RWE and E.ON. Christian Theobald, who specialises in network access issues, is one of the most respected energy lawyers in Germany. With Christian Held, the team also has expertise in the hydrogen economy and, in January 2020, the firm strengthened its market presence with the partner appointments of electricity tax and energy law expert Niko Liebheit and Cologne-based Jens Panknin, who specialises in advising energy-intensive companies, as well as the partner-counsel appointments of Juliane Kaspers (decentralised energy generation and supply concepts), Simone Mühe (energy supply, liberalisation of the metrology and metering systems sector, e-mobility) and Carsten Telschow (emission trading and immision control law, regulatory and antitrust law). Unless otherwise stated, all lawyers mentioned are based in the Berlin office.


'' Very good networking and contacts to authorities and committees, which often means early information on developments, which in turn must be responded to at short notice (e.g. through statements). A team composed with a wide range of subjects, each with a high level of expertise, specializations with complementary expertise. Good structure. '

'' Unique thanks to the full breadth of expertise in energy law / supply law. Represented throughout Germany; also expertise in state law. '

'' High level of expertise and specialization in individual regulatory areas, good personal contacts with relevant people and decision-makers. Good availability and high quality of services. Pleasant and trusting personal cooperation. '

'' Consultation of specialists (including experts from other legal fields at BBH) is possible at any time without any problems. Also good exchange with the other locations. '

'The law firm covers the required bandwidth very well, networks very quickly and draws in internal experts. Excellent service from a single source. Extremely competent and committed team. '

' Outstanding experts with extensive industry knowledge, very close to current case law and current industry issues. Very motivated and reliable. '

' Christian Theobald: High level of competence and personal commitment. '

Work highlights

  • Companies from the energy industry: Action for annulment before the European Court of Justice against the decision of the EU Commission to release the RWE / E.ON merger.
  • Large industrial company: Examination of around 1,000 notices according to BImSchG in restructuring and reorganization of the organization for European and national emissions trading.
  • Stadtwerke Leipzig: Advice on taking over electricity and gas networks, in and out of court; two suits for network issue; various urgent legal protection proceedings in connection with the granting of access rights; Advice on applying for licenses in the electricity and gas media in the Leipzig area. Clarification of fundamental questions about licensing and network takeover procedures.

Clifford Chance

With its cross-practice set-up and specialisation in the energy sector, Clifford Chance fields a team that is particularly well equipped to handle project work. Its support in the construction and operation of one of the first liquefied natural gas terminals in Germany not only underlines the team's experience in the gas sector but also illustrates its ability to provide assistance with regulatory, corporate and finance matters as well as with environmental and planning law. The practice also ranks among the strongest transactions teams in the German market, most notably in the offshore wind sector and in cross-border mandates. Other key elements include grid expansion, energy trading issues, integrated solutions for districts as well as e-mobility and smart metering. On a national level, the team is well placed to cover the increasing penetration of the energy sector by digital transformation, and receives support from its global tech group in the international sphere. Björn Heinlein in Düsseldorf heads the team, which includes co-head Mathias Elspaß, whose core expertise includes environmental, licensing and planning issues in the energy sector.

Practice head(s):

Björn Heinlein

Other key lawyers:

Mathias Elspaß; Thomas Voland


'' Leading team with corresponding above-average and extensive knowledge of the market. '

' Björn Heinlein: One of the best lawyers in the market for years. Particularly noteworthy: proactive identification of strategic opportunities. '

' Younger, very motivated and committed team that already has a lot of experience (partly also with other renowned law firms). '

' Thomas Voland: Very experienced in the field of energy, strong economic understanding, very committed and reliable. '

Key clients

German LNG Terminal GmbH

China Southern Powergrid Inter-national (HK) Co.Ltd

Global Infrastructure Management, LLC

State Grid Corporation of China

ONTRAS Gastransport GmbH

Global Infrastructure Management, LLC

Amprion GmbH

Banco Santander

innogy SE

Work highlights

  • German LNG GmbH: Advice on the planning, construction and operation of one of the first German liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminals in Brunsbüttel.
  • China Southern Powergrid International (HK) Co., Ltd: Advice on the acquisition of a 24.92% stake in Encevo SA
  • Global Infrastructure Management, LLC: Advice on the sales process with regard to the 50% share in the Gode Wind I offshore wind farm in the German North Sea.


With Rolf Hempel in Stuttgart and Friedrich von Burchard in Düsseldorf heading the practice, CMS specialises in antitrust law work as well as regulatory matters. Besides its renewable energy offering, the team also advises on projects in the oil and gas sectors, on energy contract law issues, including PPAs, and on transactions. Handling onshore and offshore wind park mandates constitutes a key portion of its workload but the team has also been expanding its work in the hydrogen energy sector, including LNG terminals, and in electromobility. With counsel Cosima von Rechteren, also based in Stuttgart, the team also has an experienced litigator. Hamburg-based administrative lawyer Fritz von Hammerstein has many years of experience in handling energy project-related disputes.

Gleiss Lutz

Gleiss Lutz succeeded in expanding its work for international energy and infrastructure funds, which, in addition to advising national and international energy companies, energy-intensive companies alongside the public sector, now accounts for a significant share of its workload. The team led by Frankfurt-based Cornelia Topf and Düsseldorf-based Jacob von Andreae has a focus on the phase-out of coal and nuclear, gas sector regulations, EEG and KWKG issues, including capacity lease models and third-party electricity, alongside electricity self-supply and grid expansion matters. The full-service firm is able to combine its regulatory expertise with the experience of various other practice groups as needed, for example in project finance and transactions. Increasingly, the team also acts for energy companies investing in infrastructure assets beyond the energy sector. In Stuttgart, Marc Ruttloff, who specialises in public commercial law, made partner in January 2020.

Practice head(s):

Cornelia Topf; Jacob von Andreae

Other key lawyers:

Burghard Hildebrandt; Marc Ruttloff


' Very professional team that offers tailor-made solutions. Very in-depth analyzes, committed and success-oriented team. '

'' In- depth knowledge of energy regulation topics. '

Key clients


Gazprom Group



Bezirksregierung Düsseldorf



Nord Stream




Work highlights

  • Senvion: Advising the insolvent wind turbine manufacturer on the sale of the European onshore service business and the rotor blade production facility in Portugal to the German-Spanish group Siemens Gamesa Renewable Energy.
  • E.ON / Preussen Elektra: Representation in a strategically important and complex shareholder dispute with Vattenfall over residual electricity from the Krümmel nuclear power plant.
  • Nord Stream: Advice and representation in relation to the amendment of the EU's third internal gas market package, including representation in the exemption procedure before the Federal Network Agency and in legal proceedings against the amending directive (EU) 2019/692 before the European Court in Luxembourg

Hogan Lovells International LLP

With the arrival of Stefan Schröder, counsel at DLA Piper until the end of 2019, Hogan Lovells International LLP was able to add regulatory and energy trading capabilities to its practice, most notably in the gas and renewable energy sectors. With a corporate focus, the team led by Matthias Hirschmann has experience in the oil and gas sectors but also receives regular onshore and offshore wind sector instructions. In other work, the team has been increasingly active in the hydrogen energy sector, not least due to the firm's initiative for the cross-border exchange of expertise within its global network founded at the beginning of 2020. Counsel Tobias Flasbarth advises on projects and is experienced in proceedings before the Federal Network Agency.

Practice head(s):

Matthias Hirschmann


' Very experienced and capable team, very knowledgeable. '

' Excellent service and expertise in wind energy. Particularly good expertise in the offshore wind sector. '

'' Comprehensive industry knowledge and valuable experience, including in non-everyday matters. '

' High commitment in an open and friendly atmosphere. Very quick answers to our questions and responses to our needs. '

' I would unreservedly recommend Matthias Hirschmann to my network. '

' Stefan Schröder: Expertise quickly and easily brought to the point. '

Key clients

Diamond Transmission Corp. Ltd.

Equinor ASA

GRTgaz Deutschland GmbH

Hamburg Commercial Bank

NetConnect Germany GmbH & Co. KG

Open Grid Europe GmbH



Statkraft AS

Svevind AB

Trianel GmbH

Work highlights

  • Hamburg Commercial Bank: Advising on the project financing of the Swedish onshore wind farm Målarberget with 27 Vestas wind turbines and a nominal output of 113 MW.
  • Sojitz: Advising on the acquisition of 9.1% of the shares in the OWF Yunlin offshore wind farm project off the coast of Taiwan.
  • GRTgaz Germany GmbH: Representation in complaints against the so-called REGENT and AMELIE regulations of the Federal Network Agency.


The team at Linklaters continues to be one of the leading transaction practices in Germany for the oil and gas alongside the coal sectors but it also handles renewable energy sector work, where the team has been particularly active in national and cross-border projects. In grid expansion work, the team advises on contract law issues and on public procurement procedures, among other matters. The regulatory practice led by Berlin-based Thomas Schulz is also a recognised player in the market, as illustrated by mandates from well-known international and national energy companies. The team's growing forensic practice, its experience in environmental and planning law as well as its international structure, which plays a key role in transactions, also contribute to its success.

Practice head(s):

Thomas Schulz


Noerr is noted for its multidisciplinary sector specialisation, which, in addition to renewable energy work, most notably pertaining to the construction and operation of offshore and onshore wind parks, also includes regulatory expertise as well as an active transactional and financing practice. Alongside its non-contentious work, the firm fields an experienced litigation and arbitration practice and has been increasingly raising its profile in the field of electromobility, as is evident from the work of Christian Alexander Mayer (Munich) as an advisor to the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure in the context of the Electromobility Model Regions funding programme. Practice head Christof Federwisch in Frankfurt specialises in energy generation plants and energy infrastructure matters, while Berlin-based Cornelia Kermel ranks among the most sought-after advisors for concession procedures nationwide. Tibor Fedke, also based in Berlin, is known for his transactional expertise. Financing specialist Tom Beckerhoff moved to Berenberg Bank in April 2020.

Practice head(s):

Christof Federwisch


The team knows its way around and works directly towards the goal. Focused and efficient.

Very competent, goal-oriented and pragmatic.

Tibor Fedke: Efficient, fast and straight to the point. Different from the competition because it knows what I want as a customer.

Key clients

Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Energie (BMWi)

Bundesministerium für Verkehr und digitale Infrastruktur (BMVI)

Bundesrepublik Deutschland



E.ON S.E. / E.On Rhein Rhur GmbH

EDF – Electricité de France




Hessisches Ministerium für Wirtschaft, Energie, Verkehr und Landesentwicklung

IBERDROLA Renovables

Land Baden-Württemberg; Verkehrsministerium Baden-Württemberg

MAN Truck & Bus


Ministerium für Wirtschaft, Innovation, Digitalisierung und Energie des Landes Nordrhein-Westfalen


NAWARO BioEnergie Group

Plenium Partners


SL NaturEnergie Group


Swisspower Renewables AG

Thüga AG

Veolia Group


Work highlights

  • Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy: Advice in connection with another important energy policy mandate.
  • Federal Republic of Germany: Representation in an ICSID arbitration against Austrian investors regarding alleged claims under the Energy Charter Treaty in connection with the change in the legal framework for offshore wind farms in Germany.
  • plenium Partners: Joint advice with partner law firm Uría Menéndez on the acquisition of five solar parks in Spain from the seller KGAL GmbH & Co. KG from Grünwald.


With Christian von Hammerstein heading the practice, Raue puts particular emphasis on regulatory work, advising on strategic matters pertaining to new business models and infrastructure projects as well as on day-to-day business issues. The team's second major strength lies in dispute resolution, as evidenced by its regular appearance in market-shaping mandates, such as in the dispute over the award of electricity concession in the state of Berlin where the team acted for Vattenfall. Handling transactions, most notably in the venture capital sector, and antitrust mandates, which is an area of growth for the team, constitute other key elements. Anna von Bremen and Hans Heller made counsel in January 2020.

Practice head(s):

Christian von Hammerstein


' We feel optimally looked after by the Raue Energie team. Regardless of the question – there are always contacts at Raue who know our topics profoundly and can move our projects forward immediately. Particularly clear and understandable work products. The team is always available and absolutely reliable, has a comprehensive overview of the market and is very well networked. Perhaps most importantly: We always have the feeling that the team really makes our topics their own and wants to bring them forward – and not just keep saying what's not possible. You can feel a real spirit of innovation. Clearly the first choice for us. '

'In our opinion, the Raue Energie team has an exceptional technical understanding in the market and the ability to be immediately' up to speed 'even with very innovative and unusual topics and to develop the topics with us. There are always quick, clear answers – we really appreciate that. Working with Raue is fun, which is unusual in legal advice. '

'' Outstanding expertise in questions of energy law and all accompanying topics. Particularly quick familiarization with new issues and their preparation in a wide variety of formats. Many useful contacts (e.g. BNetzA, BMWi). Very good value for money. '

'' Short reaction times, quick analysis of the facts and recommendations are easy to use in day-to-day business and are also understandable for management decisions. '

' Bernd Beckmann is highly competent legally, but also has an extraordinary understanding of the market and business models – economically and technically. For us he is therefore a real sparring partner in the development of new business models, not just an advocate for implementation. He is able to prepare even complex regulatory questions in a clear and understandable manner for non-lawyers. A particularly good communicator, also towards the other side . '

' Bernd Beckmann is the perfect lawyer for our needs: Very pleasant communication style, easy to reach, with an unusual ability (and recognizable pleasure in it) to quickly understand technical and economic questions. He thinks from the point of view of the matter, not from the legal norms. His assessments have always proven to be correct and extensive. Even when talking to third parties (negotiating partners, other lawyers, etc.) you can tell that he is very well respected from a professional point of view. You feel you are in the best of hands. '

' Christian von Hammerstein: Very familiar with energy law and current developments. Administrative practice BNetzA, BAFA etc. is well known. '

' Christian von Hammerstein and Peter Roegele always recognized in a very short time what our company needed and served it to our complete satisfaction. '

Watson Farley & Williams LLP

Watson Farley & Williams LLP continues to handle large cross-border transactions both for financiers and for utilities and project developers. In this space, the team’s focus lies on renewable energies and, geographically, on the Scandinavian region and on emerging markets. Its regulatory work includes advice on PPAs, storage issues, electromobility and grid connection matters. In 2019/ 2020, the signs were once again pointing to growth, in terms of client base expansion and a broadening of its practice, in for example conventional energy, public procurement law and restructuring, and finally also in terms of personnel. In September 2019, former Norton Rose Fulbright counsel and project development and financing expert Christian Bauer joined the Munich office, and, at the end of 2020, Thorsten Volz and Torsten Wielsch, who specialise in the energy sector, joined the firm with a team of six additional lawyers from Pinsent Masons Germany LLP as part of the opening of a new Düsseldorf office. Malte Jordan and Thomas Hollenhorst jointly head the practice from Hamburg.

Practice head(s):

Malte Jordan; Thomas Hollenhorst


‘In- depth knowledge, especially of the offshore wind business .’

Good mixture of practical relevance and theoretical foundation of the procedure. Good internal networking of colleagues (also across locations), very good industry knowledge in the energy market.

Excellent industry knowledge due to the frequent mandate in the area of project finance.

Stefan Kilgus: Confidence in appearance, clarity in communication, thoroughness in handling the tasks, strong ability to work out the relevant criteria even in legally novel situations.

Sven Fretthold: Outstanding knowledge in the area of financing for infrastructure projects in the energy and plant construction sector.

Key clients


Commerz Real AG

DIF (Dutch Infrastructure Fund)

Encavis AG


HSH Nordbank AG

KfW IPEX-Bank GmbH


The Renewables Infrastructure Group (TRIG)

Copenhagen Infrastructure Partners

Work highlights

  • The Renewable Infrastructure Group Limited and the Dutch pension investor APG (as a consortium): Advising on the acquisition of the German Merkur offshore wind farm from a consortium consisting of Partners Group, InfraRed Capital Partners, DEME Concessions, GE Energy Financial Services and ADEME.
  • SUSI Partners AG: Advising as manager of the SUSI Renewable Energy Fund II on the project financing of the 94.6 MW wind farm Lyngssa in Sweden.
  • ENCAVIS AM Management GmbH: Advice on the acquisition of five German solar parks from BayWa re, including one of the first solar parks in Germany with a power purchase agreement.

White & Case LLP

With the departure of the regulatory team led by Peter Rosin, including the two of counsels Ulrich Büdenbender and Michael Bartsch, local partners Jana MichaelisKristin Spiekermann and Christina Will as well as counsel Ralf Schäfer, who joined the newly formed boutique Rosin Büdenbender in December 2019, White & Case LLP's focus has shifted significantly towards corporate. Team head Thomas Burmeister is now the main contact for regulatory issues (renewable energy, grid regulation, energy contract law), while Florian Degenhardt is the key contact in the renowned project finance department, and Jörg Kraffel for sector-specific M&A.

Practice head(s):

Thomas Burmeister

Other key lawyers:

Florian Degenhardt; Jörg Kraffel

Key clients

EWE AG / EWE-Verband

TransnetBW GmbH



Baltic Cable AB

Amprion GmbH

Open Grid Europe GmbH

Energienetz Mitte GmbH

Westfalen Weser Netz GmbH

Ferngas Netzgesellschaft mbH

Volkswagen AG


Deutsche Bank AG

Commerzbank AG

Siemens Bank

Euler Hermes



IKB Deutsche Industriebank AG

Landesbank Hessen-Thüringen Girozentrale

Work highlights

  • EWE AG (EWE) and the Ems-Weser-Elbe Versorgungs- und Entsorgungsverband (EWE-Verband): Advice on the sale of 26% of the shares in EWE AG to ARDIAN.
  • An international consortium of financiers including German banks such as KfW IPEX, Deutsche Bank, Commerzbank, Siemens Bank and export credit insurers (Euler Hermes, EKF and Atradius): Advice on the financing of € 2.7 billion for the construction of the 640 MW Yunlin offshore wind farm in Taiwan.
  • Baltic Cable AB: Advice on ECJ proceedings and the corresponding submission by the Swedish administrative court; as well as advice on certification as an independent transport network operator according to German and European law as well as on questions of network charge regulation, including representation vis-à-vis the Federal Network Agency, the Swedish regulatory authority Energimarknadsinspektiven and ACER.


ADVANT Beiten advises on energy sector transactions as well as on regulatory issues and power plant projects. The interface expertise of the full-service firm, most notably in public procurement law and in dispute resolution, enables the team to provide its clients with wide-ranging advice. Most notably, the group led by Munich-based Maximilian Emanuel Elspas has in-depth experience in advising transitional network operators and municipal utilities but it also receives regular instructions from project developers and project operators alongside energy-intensive companies. In March 2020, the firm received a boost with the arrival of corporate partner Christian Ulrich Wolf from Watson Farley & Williams LLP.

Practice head(s):

Maximilian Emanuel Elspas


Very good price-performance ratio.

The team is characterized by excellent legal knowledge in the field of energy law. In finding a solution, creative ideas are brought in, but any risks associated with this are also clearly communicated. The cooperation is always pleasant and reliable. Many of the lawyers have gained practical experience before starting their work as a lawyer, which gives them a particularly good understanding of companies and their processes.

Very good lawyers, interdisciplinary legal knowledge, very good responsiveness, very good support even at short notice .’

The lawyers at Beiten Burkhardt listen carefully to the description of the problem and on this basis find good, practical solutions with the help of their pronounced expertise.

Personal support and high professional competence.

The cooperation turns out to be extremely pleasant, because with a wealth of experience the tasks are not only dealt with quickly and practically, but also with humor.

Key clients

Amprion GmbH

Bundesrepublik Deutschland


Enovos Deutschland SE

Netze BW GmbH

NeuConnect Britain Ltd.

Stadtwerke Rastatt

Syneco Trading GmbH

TransnetBW GmbH

Wesernetz Bremen GmbH


Work highlights

  • Amprion GmbH: Advice on the construction of the offshore grid connection systems DolWin 4 and BorWin 4, including the preparation of all contracts required for the construction and operation.
  • ECC AG (European Commodity Clearing AG): Legal support for the reorganization of the Nordic electricity exchanges; Support in contract negotiations with new interconnector operator; Ongoing advice on individual energy law and regulatory issues, including in connection with the Capacity Allocation and Congestion Management regulation.
  • Enovos Germany SE: On-going advice on merger control issues.

Allen & Overy LLP

Allen & Overy LLP handles both renewable energy and conventional energy sector work. With new practice head Nicolaus Ascherfeld in Hamburg, who took over the baton from Hamburg-based corporate partner Hans Schoneweg and Norbert Wiederholt, who left the firm in April 2020, the team puts significant emphasis on transactional work. Thanks to the firm's broad geographical reach, the practice is predestined for cross-border mandates, as can be seen in the increase in highly international transactions. Other strengths are in public procurement law, where instructions include concession award procedures and network expansion issues, and in dispute resolution.

Practice head(s):

Nicolaus Ascherfeld

Other key lawyers:

Hans Schoneweg

Key clients

Uniper SE


Hamburger Gesellschaft für Vermögens- und Beteiligungsmanagement (HGV)


Wiener Stadtwerke


Work highlights

  • Uniper SE: Advice on hostile takeover offer by Fortum.
  • ENGIE: Advising on the acquisition of the Austrian Powerlines Group, a specialist in the electrification of rail infrastructure systems in local and long-distance traffic, through its subsidiary for electrical engineering, information and communication systems Engie Ineo.
  • Hamburg Society for Asset and Investment Management (HGV): Advice on the acquisition of the remaining shares in Wärme Hamburg GmbH from Vattenfall.

Ashurst LLP

Ashurst LLP succeeded in further expanding its already strong transactional practice, not least through the integration of the German practice around Maximilian Uibeleisen into the firm's international resources & infrastructure group. In the regulatory practice, the current focus is on the Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG), where the team advises on issues such as the special equalisation scheme and tendering procedures for subsidy tariffs. Other work includes mandates pertaining to electromobility and hydrogen energy. M&A and private equity counsel Philip Cavaillès joined Taylor Wessing in June 2019.

Practice head(s):

Maximilian Uibeleisen

Other key lawyers:

Benedikt von Schorlemer


Dentons gained three sector-experienced corporate specialists in Tim Heitling, Thomas Dörmer and counsel Daniel Neudecker, who joined the team in Berlin from Baker McKenzie in July 2020, and also expanded its regulatory practice at the Frankfurter office with the arrival of Gabriele Haas, formerly in-house at Uniper. In November 2019, project finance expert Axel Schlieter, formerly counsel at Clifford Chance, also joined the firm. In the transactional space, the team has particular strength handling cross-border mandates thanks to the firm's global network. This segment was further strengthened when, in December 2020, Michael Krömker joined from Luther Rechtsanwaltsgesellschaft mbH together with of counsel Xi Xie, with whom Krömker works closely when advising Chinese clients. As well as handling renewable energy sector work, practice head Thomas Schubert also advises on the digitisation of the energy sector. The team's capabilities handling future-oriented matters such as electromobility were strengthened with the arrival of Florian-Alexander Wesche from Deloitte Legal Rechtsanwaltsgesellschaft mbH in January 2021. The practice also has sector-specific expertise in antitrust law.

Practice head(s):

Thomas Schubert

Key clients

Enbridge Inc.


ENGIE Deutschland




Gazprom OAO


Deutsche Lichtmiete



SEV.EN Group


NIBC Infrastructure Partners

Prokon / Dietmar Penzlin

Veolia Water Technologies

UniCredit Bank


Work highlights

  • Canada Pension Plan Investment Board (CPPIB): Advice on the preparation of a due diligence and a corresponding due diligence report for the benefit of the CPPIB lenders in relation to the two German offshore wind projects Hohe See and Albatros.
  • Mobisol: Advice on the takeover by the French energy supplier ENGIE.
  • Leading battery storage company: Advice on a capital increase and the further expansion of the company.

DLA Piper

Led by Cologne-based Michael Cieslarczyk, the team at DLA Piper works in cross-practice cooperation when handling energy law matters. Cieslarczyk is particularly experienced in energy trading and energy contract law and also covers associated matters at the intersection with regulation and compliance. His expertise became particularly evident in his work as an advisor to the European Federation of Energy Traders in drafting the first model contract for PPAs. Other key elements include transactions and projects, including project finance, with a focus on cross-border work, which is regularly handled in cooperation with the offices in London, Vienna and Spain. The practice acts for clients from the gas and renewable energy sectors in issues such as electromobility and smart metering. Energy sector clients also benefit from the firm's experienced litigation and arbitration practice.

Practice head(s):

Michael Cieslarczyk

Key clients

Credit Suisse Energy Infrastructure Partners

DekaBank Deutsche Girozentrale

TrailStone Renewables

TrailStone UK Ltd.

EFET European Federation of Energy Traders


Europäische Kommission



RECS International

Unicredit Bank AG

Vorläufiger Insolvenzverwalter der Bayerischen Energieversorgungsgesellschaft (BEV), Axel Bierbach

Work highlights

  • DAX30 group: Advice on the intended acquisition of a stake in a large offshore wind farm in the Netherlands, on the conclusion of a large-volume corporate power purchase agreement, and on cross-border certificate trading.
  • Credit Suisse Energy Infrastructure Partners: Advice on your investment in a 475 MW onshore wind farm in Sweden.
  • Provisional insolvency administrator of the Bayerische Energieversorgungsgesellschaft (BEV), Axel Bierbach: Comprehensive advice in the context of insolvency proceedings in energy contract law, energy regulation, competition law, data protection law and individual insolvency law issues, including the conclusion of an agreement to take over customers with the green electricity provider LichtBlick. Since January 2020, he has also been represented in the model declaratory action sought by the Federal Association of Consumers.

Dolde Mayen & Partner

Dolde Mayen & Partner is an experienced contact for providing both plant construction and regulatory advice. Its scope spans power plants, energy lines and wind parks, including licensing procedures involving complex environmental law matters and plant-related litigation. In the regulatory space, typical work includes advice on grid access issues, grid access charges and grid operator unbundling. When advising on incentive regulation benefits, clients also benefit from the team's experience in price cap regulation under telecommunications law. Winfried Porsch in Stuttgart is the key contact for plant construction work, while Frank Hölscher and Bonn-based Christian Stelter are responsible for regulatory matters. Administrative lawyer Thomas Mayen, also in Bonn, is another key contact.

Other key lawyers:

Thomas Mayen


'' Exceptional expertise in all administrative law and constitutional law. Great experience in dealing with politics and authorities. '

' All of the law firm's partners are characterized by excellent expertise, efficiency and strategic vision. The cooperation on a personal level is excellent. '

Key clients

Thüga AG und ihre Tochtergesellschaften

Netze BW GmbH

Open Grid Europe

Zahlreiche Netzbetreiber


Großkraftwerk Mannheim AG

Kraftwerk Reckingen AG

Papierfabrik Palm GmbH & Co. KG

Schluchseewerk AG

Work highlights

  • Schluchseewerk AG: Representation in defending against lawsuits against the granted permission to continue operating the upper level houses; successful defense of an urgent procedure in summer 2019.
  • Kraftwerk Reckingen AG: Implementation, preparation and follow-up of public participation in the plan approval and approval process for the new approval of the Reckingen power plant and for the implementation of extensive environmental measures on the Upper Rhine Approvals required under Swiss law.
  • Netze BW GmbH: Representation in complaints proceedings before the Düsseldorf Higher Regional Court as a result of abuse proceedings against Fluxys TENP GmbH regarding the allocation of capacities on the TENP after the failure of the first line.

Flick Gocke Schaumburg

Flick Gocke Schaumburg predominantly advises energy suppliers and transmission system operators on regulatory law and, in addition to its non-contentious work, also acts in administrative and court proceedings. Its offering includes advice on the determination of the general sectoral productivity factor, redispatch issues and on the regulatory framework for the use of synthetic fuels but the team also advises on the phase-out of coal, and on hydrogen energy as well as on energy-specific public procurement issues. Energy practice clients also benefit from the firm's tax law expertise, which is called upon in, among other issues, EEG levy matters. Associated partners Margret Schellberg, Thilo Richter and Christoph Sieberg, all based in Bonn, form the group's leading trio and comprehensively cover the interface area of energy law and public commercial law.

Key clients

Avacon Natur GmbH

Gasunie Deutschland GmbH

Mainova AG / Netzdienste Rhein-Main GmbH

ONTRAS Gastransport GmbH


Uniper Kraftwerke GmbH

Work highlights

  • 13 out of 16 German transmission system operators: Representation in complaint proceedings against the determination of the general productivity factor.
  • Uniper SE: Representation in various complaint procedures under energy administration law before the Düsseldorf Higher Regional Court as well as in civil litigation proceedings on various issues relating to the commissioning of power plants for redispatch.
  • Frontier Economics and the Federal Ministry of Economics: Advice on the preparation of a study for the Federal Ministry of Economics on the consideration of synthetic fuels in the context of fleet regulation.

GÖRG Partnerschaft von Rechtsanwälten mbB

GÖRG Partnerschaft von Rechtsanwälten mbB is noted for its broad energy sector experience, which, besides project support, most notably in the onshore and offshore wind sectors alongside other renewable energy generation plants, also includes transactions and support for grid expansion projects. In regulatory law, its focus lies on the feed-in of electricity from renewable energies, electricity marketing concepts, including advice on PPAs, decentralised supply concepts and e-mobility. Other work pertains to the phase-out of coal. The team's advisory work for the public sector on the cultivation of opencast mines is particularly noteworthy. The two energy lawyers Achim Compes and Thoralf Herbold head the practice from Cologne.

Practice head(s):

Achim Compes; Thoralf Herbold


' The team covers the entire spectrum of tasks for our project. An expert is available for each topic. You can therefore fall back on a very deep wealth of experience. '

' Görg consultants work and think as entrepreneurs. You put us as a company at the center. For us, they represent competent, well-versed discussion partners who also provide legal input. '

' The team has extensive experience in the energy sector due to mandating from municipal utilities and project developers.'

' The energy law team from Görg in Cologne is characterized by a high degree of tenacity and commitment. Even difficult cases will lead to profitable results for the client. '

' Thoralf Herbold: Clear view of complex issues, eloquent design of written pleadings, shines with good rhetoric in oral negotiations, always available to clients, easy accessibility, quick response. '

' Thoralf Herbold: Extremely extensive experience in energy management issues, courteous, customer-oriented and a real team player. He leads a powerful team where others like to work. In contract negotiations, he is able to get the best out of us. '

' Achim Compes: Great experience in the energy sector, especially in the municipal sector. Always very trusting cooperation. You feel in good hands. Good instinct for pragmatic solutions. '

Key clients

Altus AG

Akmene One UAB

CEE Management GmbH

EWE AG (Ardian)

Gaskraftwerk Leipheim GmbH & Co. KG

Gasnetz Hamburg GmbH

Global Tech I Offshore Wind GmbH

Land Brandenburg (Landesamt für Bergbau, Geologie und Rohstoffe)

Repower AG (Schweiz)

Rurenergie GmbH

Sächsisches Oberbergamt / Freistaat Sachsen

Stadtwerke Gronau GmbH

Trianel Gruppe

Work highlights

  • EWE AG (Ardian): Advice on the purchase of 26% of the shares in EWE AG.
  • Gas power plant Leipheim GmbH & Co. KG: Comprehensive advice on construction under company law, project development, issuing permits, on energy-related issues in connection with planning, construction and operation and project implementation for a 760 MW gas power plant in Leipheim.
  • Global Tech I Offshore Wind GmbH: Legal action by the client against the network operator TenneT to assert claims for compensation due to the delayed BorWin2 grid connection and EEG remuneration claims.

Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek

In addition to many years of experience in advising on offshore wind projects, Heuking Kühn Lüer Wojtek's broad offering also includes other forms of renewable energy and focuses on regulatory issues. This leads to instructions on, among other matters, alternative supply concepts such as integrated solutions for districts, electromobility, geothermal projects and battery storage. Due to the full-service set-up of the firm, it is also adept at handling matters at the interface with other areas of law such as public procurement, M&A and dispute resolution. Marc Baltus heads the practice from Düsseldorf. Corporate partner Günther Bredow moved to Bub Memminger & Partner in June 2019.

Practice head(s):

Marc Baltus

Other key lawyers:

Tobias Woltering

Norton Rose Fulbright

Norton Rose Fulbright stands out for its particularly active geothermal practice, which constitutes a cornerstone of the team’s renewable energy work. The team also has experience in the offshore and onshore wind as well as the photovoltaic sectors, advising on transactions and financings. In this space, handling M&A and venture capital transactions constitutes a core competence of the team around practice head Klaus Bader, while, in view of its membership in the German Energy Storage Association, advising on energy storage constitutes another key element. With the energy sector being one of the firm-wide focal points, the German team has an international outlook and cooperates closely with other European offices on transactions. In project work, the team has a focus on emerging markets. Gerd Stuhlmacher, who specialises in energy law and regulation, moved to Luther Rechtsanwaltsgesellschaft mbH in April 2020.

Practice head(s):

Klaus Bader

Other key lawyers:

Sebastian Frech; Dirk Trautmann

Key clients

BayWa r.e. Energy Ventures

Energie 360° AG

Hamburg Commercial Bank




Nord LB

Raumgold (mantro smart building GmbH)

reev (emonvia GmbH)

Smart Energy Innovationsfonds AG

Société Générale

Erste Bank

SUSI Sustainable En-ergy S.à r.l. / SUSI Partners


Work highlights

  • Energie 360 Grad AG and BHKW & Energie Holding GmbH (BHKW Group): Advice on the sale of the BHKW Group to the Tyrolean Innio Jenbacher GmbH & Co OG (INNIO) and on the future participation of the management within the INNIO Group.
  • NordLB: Advising on the project financing of two solar parks in Japan.
  • BayWa r.e Energy Ventures - Zolar: Advising on the investment in the Berlin energy start-up Zolar GmbH (Zolar).

Arnecke Sibeth Dabelstein

Arnecke Sibeth Dabelstein handles transactions as well as project work. Practice co-heads Wolfgang Patzelt in Munich and Margarete von Oppen in Berlin offer many years of experience in the wind and photovoltaic sectors in particular. Patzelt focuses on planning and environmental law, while much of von Oppen's work pertains to public law, and EEG issues in particular.

Other key lawyers:

Oliver Peltzer


' Wolfgang Patzelt works very well in the projects. Very good availability. 'Lives' with the projects, so to speak, 'with heart and mind'. Identifies with the task. We feel we are in very good hands with him. Excellent lawyer. '

Work highlights

  • Project developer: Advice on the development of a portfolio of over 20 wind farm projects.
  • Wind power company: Advice in legal proceedings regarding special species protection and planning law.
  • Fund provider: Advising the Renewables department.

Baker McKenzie

At Baker McKenzie, Claire Dietz-Polte, who was appointed counsel in July 2020, took over the practice following the simultaneous move of Tim Heitling and Thomas Dörmer to Dentons. With the arrival of corporate specialist Silke Gantzckow, formerly at DLA Piper, at the Frankfurt office in July 2019, the team boosted its transactional capabilities in the renewable energy sector in particular, which remains a key area of expertise for the team. Clients benefit from the practice's international outlook, which is reflected not least in its integration into the firm-wide energy, mining & infrastructure group. Accordingly, the team regularly handles power plant transactions in a cross-border setting and often in cooperation with the London team. The firm's strong dispute resolution practice is another asset. The firm is a cooperation partner of Reinvent Law, a legal innovation hub.

Practice head(s):

Claire Dietz-Polte

Other key lawyers:

Silke Gantzckow


' Claire Dietz-Polte is broadly positioned in all topics of energy law. She definitely goes the 'extra mile' to advise her clients in the best possible way. She is also available as a sparring partner for discussions on individual questions. '

Key clients


Bayerische Landesbank




Work highlights

  • Bayer: Advice on the sale of his shares in the chemical park operator Currenta.
  • BayernLB: Advice in connection with the financing of the construction of the two stages of a 200 MW wind power plant in Ukraine.
  • RWE: Successful representation in an appeal procedure before the Hamm Higher Regional Court.

Bird & Bird LLP

With renewable energy sector work at its core, the practice at Bird & Bird LLP focuses on transactional work alongside fund structuring with a specialism in offshore wind parks in the German North Sea. Photovoltaic plants, onshore wind parks and geothermal plants are also part of its advisory spectrum. The firm's broad national and international presence enables it to call on experts from other practice areas such as public procurement law, dispute resolution, antitrust law and from the commercial team. René Voigtländer in Munich and Matthias Lang in Düsseldorf jointly head the practice.

Key clients


JDR Cable Systems Ltd.

TenneT Group

Work highlights

  • German listed company: Advice on drafting contracts and negotiating the first offshore wind corporate PPA for a new project in Germany.
  • Energy supply company: Representation in several years of legal and administrative proceedings in the context of concession tenders.
  • Manufacturer of electromechanical and electronic devices: Examination of detailed questions about the calculation of the KWKG surcharge in accordance with the current legal transitional regulations.

Latham & Watkins LLP

With the arrival of practice head Tobias Larisch from Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer in April 2018, Latham & Watkins LLP has carved out a place for itself in the German energy market. The firm's broad sector expertise has enabled the team to build its client base remarkably quickly, which now includes clients from the coal and gas sectors as well as from the nuclear and renewable energy industries. With Munich-based Burc Hesse as head of the corporate practice, its transactional work is of particular significance but the team also advises on regulatory law and represents clients in disputes. Thanks to the cooperation with the firm's London and US teams, the practice is well equipped to handle cross-border mandates.

Practice head(s):

Burc Hesse; Tobias Larisch


' The team was characterized by outstanding expertise and legal advice in drafting contracts. The negotiations were systematically prepared and set negotiating goals could be fully achieved. Overall, the team and L&W were characterized by excellent customer orientation, high level of commitment and availability at all times. '

' Tobias Larisch: Extremely strong negotiators, thinks through problems holistically and offers several possible solutions. Anticipatory action, excellent customer orientation and availability. '

Key clients


GASPOOL Balancing Services GmbH

NetConnect Germany

Linde AG

Oiltanking GmbH

OMV Petron




Vattenfall Europe Nuclear Energy GmbH


Wintershall DEA

Work highlights

  • GASPOOL Balancing Services GmbH: Advice on the merger of the two market area managers on the German gas market, Gaspool and Netconnect, which will lead to a merger of the two gas supply areas.
  • RWE, PreussenElektra, EnBW, Vattenfall: Advice on the transfer of the on-site interim storage facility for irradiated nuclear fuel and radioactive waste from the processing of irradiated fuel elements as well as the transfer of radioactive waste and the associated transport and storage containers to the BGZ Gesellschaft für Zwischenlagerung mbH (BGZ)
  • RWE AG: Advising on the defense against the discovery proceedings brought before US courts by Stadtwerke Frankfurt with regard to the innogy transaction.

PwC Legal (PricewaterhouseCoopers Legal AG Rechtsanwaltsgesellschaft)

Led by Peter Mussaeus, the team at PwC Legal (PricewaterhouseCoopers Legal AG Rechtsanwaltsgesellschaft) handles a wide spectrum of regulatory work. Private and public energy sector suppliers as well as energy-intensive companies routinely call upon Mussaeus' in-depth experience. Advising on decentralised energy generation, for example in the context of integrated solutions for districts, constitutes a key element in this space. The interdisciplinary set-up also enables the practice to provide one-stop-shop advice on energy-related tax and insurance issues as well as on auditing-related matters. Energy lawyer Boris Scholtka moved to Ernst & Young Law in April 2020.

Practice head(s):

Peter Mussaeus

Other key lawyers:

Michael Küper


' Good cooperation and coordination in the team. '

'' Very good specialist knowledge on the subject of EEG. '

' Michael Küper: Very good knowledge of energy law and very solution-oriented, pragmatic advice. '

'As part of his advice, Michael Küper provides very good and detailed knowledge and advice on the subject of EEG. '

Key clients

Stadtwerke Coesfeld GmbH (Emergy)

EAM, Kassel

Freudenberg Service KG

Continental Reifen Deutschland GmbH

Infraserv GmbH & Co. Höchst KG

Unternehmensgruppe Theo Müller S.e.c.s.

Venator Germany GmbH

Shell Deutschland Oil GmbH

Work highlights

  • 120 energy supply companies (working groups): Advice on energy law on various new legal issues and strategic developments, in particular the integration of e-mobility into network operation; future and possibly dismantling of gas networks; Regulation of hydrogen; Clarification of legal questions on the Renewable Energy Sources Act and the Combined Heat and Power Act; System security; Dealing with national emissions trading through the SESTA.
  • Continental Reifen Deutschland GmbH: Advice on special equalization rules, power plant issues, group restructuring.
  • Theo Müller Secs Group: Advice on various energy law issues, in particular with regard to the special equalization scheme and the group's gas and steam combined cycle power plant.

Redeker Sellner Dahs

Redeker Sellner Dahs has an experienced antitrust lawyer in Berlin in the form of practice head Stephan Gerstner, whose wealth of experience includes grid access and price regulation issues with a particular specialism in renewable energies. Another strength lies in public construction planning law, where the team advises, among other matters, on plant and grid expansion issues. It handles both contentious and non-contentious work. Christian Eckart made partner in January 2020 and Kathrin Dingemann was promoted to counsel at the same time. Both specialise in public commercial law.

Practice head(s):

Stephan Gerstner

Taylor Wessing

Taylor Wessing primarily handles renewable energy work with a focus on transactions and project finance, both in the wind and in the photovoltaic sectors. In plant construction, the team has offshore wind parks at its core. It also offers regulatory expertise, which is frequently called upon by national and international clients in combination with its transactional skills. Carsten Bartholl heads the practice from Hamburg. Markus Böhme in Düsseldorf specialises in regulatory law.

Practice head(s):

Carsten Bartholl

Other key lawyers:

Janina Pochhammer; Markus Böhme

Key clients

ALBA Group


CEE Group

Clenergy Global Projects GmbH

ENCAVIS Asset Management AG

ERG S.p.A.

MHI Vestas Offshore Wind A/S

Thuega Erneuerbare Energien GmbH & Co. KG

Work highlights

  • CEE Group & ENCAVIS Asset Management: Longstanding advice on the acquisition of onshore wind and PV systems.
  • MHI Vestas Offshore Wind: Advice on drafting and negotiating project contracts for numerous offshore wind farms, such as the Deutsche Bucht offshore wind farm.
  • Various municipal utilities: Among other things, advice on municipal supervisory law aspects in connection with public services 4.0 with regard to innovative, new business concepts (together with AFRY Management Consulting GmbH) for several German municipal utilities.