Next Generation Partners

Next Generation Partners: Mining, Oil And Gas And Natural Resources

Next Generation Partners: Public Law And Regulatory

Rising Stars: Regulatory And Public Law

Industry focus: Energy in France

Ashurst LLP

Ashurst LLP combines a strong domestic practice with a busy international caseload. At home, the group is advising on several landmark offshore wind projects while the practice abroad includes advising leading operators such as Engie on large-scale solar, wind, hybrid and power projects, notably in Africa (Tunisia, Morocco, Mali, Ethiopia) and in Latin America. Lately, the firm has received several new mandates from banks and sponsors to assist with African oil and gas projects. State aid and competition law issues as well as arbitration are also dealt with. Project partners Tom Longmuir, Mark Barges and  Vincent Trévisani are particularly recommended. They co-head the energy practice alongside public law partners Michel Lequien and Jacques Dabreteau and arbitration expert Emmanuelle Cabrol.. Yann Alix, who heads the firm’s Africa group and co-heads the firm’s global mining practice, also contributes.

Practice head(s):

Mark Barges; Tom Longmuir; Michel Lequien; Yann Alix; Vincent Trevisani; Jacques Dabreteau; Emmanuelle Cabrol


‘High experience in various energy projects worldwide; real involvement with the client.’

‘The team is young and dynamic; they have a great complementarity which allows them to cover the different aspects of complex projects. They are also very responsive and attentive to the needs of their clients.’

‘Mark Barges is an excellent lawyer in French and English law which allows him to offer excellent advice in complex projects.’

Key clients

Nareva Holding


Indian Oil

Ennel Green Power

Vaalco Energy


wpd Offshore

Work highlights

  • Advising the consortium formed by Nareva Holding and ENGIE on its bid in the tender initiated by the Tunisian Government and STEG for the development of a five solar concession projects in Tunisia (as part of the 500 MW PV solar concessions tender).
  • Advised wpd Offshore on its joint venture with EDF Renewables and Enbridge for the development and financing of a 500 MW offshore wind farm off the coast of Fécamp.
  • Advised Indian Oil on a confidential bid process in relation to oil and gas assets in Senegal.

Clifford Chance

Clifford Chance's offer is hard to beat when it comes to advising on strategic energy projects in France and overseas. The practice features very impressive resources with its large bench capable of providing high-end project, finance, public law and regulatory expertise. Matters in France include the structuring of a new nuclear regulated tariffs mechanism,  several of France’s landmark offshore wind energy projects, and strategic M&A and brownfield transactions in the renewables sector. Africa is another key region of intervention where the team is advising on a large variety of projects: renewables, biomass, power, hydropower as well as oil and gas. It is involved in several of the continent’s landmark hydroelectric projects and is also assisting with major LNG projects, pipeline and mining development projects. The practice is also mandated to undertake work in other regions, such as Europe and Central Asia, including a landmark project in Georgia. The practice is co-headed by highly regarded project and finance partners Anthony GiustiniDelphine Siino CourtinNikolaï EatwellRichard TomlinsonLaurent Schoenstein and Daniel Zerbib together with public law experts David Préat and Gauthier Martin. Emmanuel Mimin and Piere-Benoît Pabot du Chatelard made partner in 2020. Counsel Nadezhda Varbanova is also recommended.

Practice head(s):

Anthony Giustini; Delphine Siino Courtin; Nikolaï Eatwell; Richard Tomlinson; David Préat; Laurent Schoenstein; Daniel Zerbib; Gauthier Martin; Emmanuel Mimin; Pierre-Benoît Pabot du Châtelard

Other key lawyers:

Nadezhda Varbanova


‘Anthony Giustini and counsel Nadezhda Varbanova are exceptional lawyers.’

‘Its members stand out for their professionalism and great competence, both in terms of legal analysis and their knowledge of the sector and market practices. A dynamic team that knows how to find solutions in the interest of their client while having a global vision of the project.’

‘Gauthier Martin is highly available, listens to his client and shows great intellectual curiosity which allows him to anticipate potential difficulties and risks. Clémence Graffan and Daphné Celet show great maturity and professionalism.’

‘In-depth knowledge and expertise of large infrastructure and energy projects combined with project finance expertise. Wise negotiators with broad experience. Strong ability to incorporate the particular business context in the advice. Very solution-oriented.’

‘Anthony Giustini has exceptional expertise in huge energy projects;  he has impressive experience with negotiations in different jurisdictions. He is a strong negotiator, bridge builder and easy to work with. Anthony sees the big picture and at the same  time focuses on details. Anthony is creative and solution-oriented.’

‘Richard Tomlinson is a very experienced lawyer. Richard’s competence and expertise with project finance and big infrastructure/energy projects was of great value and a strength of the team. Richard’s analytical skills and thoroughness are a great asset for any complex transaction and add robustness to any deal.’

‘Professional; adaptable; in-depth knowledge of subject; always puts the client first; politically savvy; ability to remain professional in complicated circumstances.’

Key clients


Bahrain Steel

Africa50 Infrastructure Fund


CDC Group Plc







International Financial Institutions

Agence Française de Développment (AFD)

Africa Finance Corporation

African Development Bank (ADB)

Asian Development Bank

Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)







Inter-American Development Bank

Inter-American Investment Corporation






The Emerging Africa Infrastructure Fund (EAIF)

The Korean Development Bank



Euler Hermes



UK Export Finance

International Banks








Standard Chartered bank



Bankasi A.Ş.


French Banks

BNP Paribas



Société Générale

Government Authorities

Ethiopian Electric Power

French Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy

Ministry of Water Irr

Work highlights

  • Advising Eolien Maritime France (EDF Renouvelables and Enbridge) on the financing of an offshore wind farm off the coast of Fécamp with an installed capacity of 497 MW.
  • Representing sponsors and project companies in the development and financing of the LNG project for Block 2 and related Block 2 issues.
  • Advising the international and domestic lenders on the 253 MW expansion of the Azito Power Plant (resulting in approximately 710 MW of aggregate net capacity) located in Abidjan (Côte d’Ivoire).

De Pardieu Brocas Maffei

De Pardieu Brocas Maffei’s comprehensive practice unites high-level expertise in public law, regulatory, project, corporate and finance. The firm is managing a high volume of work pertaining to major French projects and frequently acts for France’s leading energy producers and operators as well as for leading French banks. Experience includes large refinancings and major brownfield renewables energy transactions as well as several corporate transactions, including in the biomass sector, and a floating wind farm project. Landmark international projects are also dealt with.  Christine Le Bihan-Graf, who co-heads the energy practice, is one of France's most respected experts in the field of energy regulatory issues and assists high-profile energy clients their most strategic matters, often handling cases before the energy regulator and French courts. Also recommended are corporate M&A specialists Patrick JaïsThomas Bréart de Boisanger (who also co-heads the energy practice) and Cédric Chanas, as well as project finance expert Jean-Renaud Cazali (third co-head of the energy practice). Counsels Grégoire Balland and Laure Rosenblieh also contribute.

Practice head(s):

Thomas Bréart de Boisanger; Jean-Renaud Cazali; Christine Le Bihan-Graf

Other key lawyers:

Patrick Jaïs; Cédric Chanas; Grégoire Balland; Laure Rosenblieh


The team has a very pragmatic approach.’

‘Jean-Renaud Cazali and Charles Becquart have very good knowledge of the market. The firm has a very healthy approach to billing services. Excellent value. Global approach to subjects that permits negotiations in the best interests of the client.’

‘Advice is fair, precise and direct.’

‘Christine Le Bihan-Graf has a perfect knowledge of French regulations relating to electricity and more generally to energy. She is remarkably intelligent and full of energy; she provides the best advice and takes the best initiatives for her client.’

Key clients





DIF Infrastructures















Work highlights

  • Advising Boralex on the refinancing of almost of all its wind farm operations in France for a total of $1.7bn.
  • Advising La SAUR on the sale of its minority share in the capital of Electricité de Mayotte to the fund Quaero Capital.
  • Advised Veolia on the acquisition of the energy branch of Actility.

Gide Loyrette Nouel A.A.R.P.I.

Gide Loyrette Nouel A.A.R.P.I. has excellent capabilities and is able to deal with all types of work including project, public law, regulatory and M&A matters. The big team is regularly involved in renewables, hydroelectric and nuclear related- matters. Through Michel Guénaire the practice has state-of-the-art regulatory expertise that is sought after by leading French energy producers. The team is notably handling several files before the energy regulator (CRE). The project practice is also top notch, with the team regularly handling major greenfield and brownfield French, European and African energy project work, including on renewables, acting for leading energy producers. Strategic biomass and renewables brownfield transactions are also visible in the caseload. The practice’s strong international reach is further demonstrated by its work on several offshore wind farms in China. Finally, the practice also handles major oil and gas work. Project partners Stéphane VernayJohn CrothersMarie Bouvet-GuiramandNicolas Jean and Victor Grandguillaume are the key contributors. M&A partner Alexis Pailleret is another name to note.

Practice head(s):

Marie Bouvet-Guiramand; John Crothers; Victor Grandguillaume; Michel Guénaire; Nicolas Jean; Alexis Pailleret; Stéphane Vernay

Key clients

International Finance Corporation (IFC)


Government of Malawi

Government of the Republic of Botswana

Government of Ivory Coast


TOTAL Renewables


EDF International





Société Ivorienne de Raffinage

Petroci Holdings

Brahms Group


Caisse Des dépôts et Consignations



Crédit Agricole

BPI France


Work highlights

  • Advising the IFC and the Government of Ivory Coast on the design and tendering process for a partnership to develop photovoltaic power plants under the ‘Scaling Solar’ initiative which aims to create a viable market for solar energy in Africa and expand access to electricity.
  • Advising EDF on a high-stakes issue relating to the Regulated Access to the Historical Nuclear Electricity (ARENH).  
  • Advising Total Renewables on several offshore wind farms in China.

Herbert Smith Freehills LLP

Herbert Smith Freehills LLP ’s Paris practice stands out for its strong combination of civil and common law expertise. Its large team gathers high-level corporate, finance, project and regulatory know-how and a wealth of experience advising on France and Africa’s largest electricity, renewables, power and oil and gas work.  Domestically, the firm has recently been busy advising on strategic partnerships. Abroad, the practice is heavily involved in large hydroelectric and renewables projects in Africa, for example in Mali and Burkina Faso, where it also handles prominent oil and gas work.Rebecca Major directs the practice which also includes highly experienced project  partner Christophe LefortBertrand Montembault, who is particularly recommended for oil and gas work, the head of the firm's EMEA enery practice Nina Bowyer and of counsels Mathias Dantin , Paul Morton and Sharif Abousaada.

Practice head(s):

Rebecca Major

Other key lawyers:

Christophe Lefort; Bertrand Montembault; Nina Bowyer; Mathias Dantin; Paul Morton; Sharif Abousaada


‘Rebecca Major provides exceptional support.’

‘Responsiveness, precision, finesse in negotiation.’

‘Christophe Lefort shows an excellent understanding of expectations and needs of a client. Rebecca Major has excellent knowledge of the gas market and extensive international experience.’

‘Beyond their skills and expertise in the oil sector and M&A deals, the energy team of the Paris office is unique in the sense that its lawyers are almost all qualified in English law. Great responsiveness of the team and above all very good knowledge of our group, which facilitates discussions and saves time.’

‘Rebecca Major has very good knowledge of the oil sector and our group. The very business-oriented Sharif Abousaada has very good knowledge of the oil sector and of us. He is very responsive, very proactive, business-oriented and has very good communication skills.’

‘The Paris team has a very solid practice in France and advises effectively in francophone Africa. I find their advice concise, commercial and understandable. ’

‘Nina Bowyer and Thomas Herman have both delivered extremely effective advice both in the context French law and in francophone Africa.’

Key clients

ACN Bluegreen

ACT Commodities


African Infrastructure Investment Managers (AIIM)

Akuo Energy

Amarenco Solar


Assala Energy


CGN Europe Energy (CGN EE)



Delonex Energy

Diamond Generating Europe (DGE) (a wholly owned subsidiary of Mitsubishi Corporation)




Eni S.p.A

Etablissements Maurel & Prom

Genel Energy



Hydromine Inc


International Finance Corporation (IFC)

Joule Africa



Mitsui & Co. Ltd.

Neptune Energy

Noble Energy



Plastic Energy

Réseau Transport d’Electricité (RTE)



SCDM Energy


Subsea 7

Total Eren


West African Power Pool


Work highlights

  • Advised CGN Europe Energy (CGNEE) and Hermes Infrastructure on the acquisition of a portfolio of five Swedish onshore wind farms from Aquila Capital.
  • Advising AQUIND on a France-UK interconnector project.  
  • Advising BP in relation to the development of the cross-border Greater Tortue-Ahmeyim LNG development project located on the Mauritania and Senegal maritime border.


Linklaters runs a comprehensive practice. The team is able to provide high-level project, finance, corporate and public law expertise to governmental entities, sponsors and lenders alike, taking on high-profile domestic and international projects and transactions. In France, the caseload includes the financing of several of France’s landmark offshore wind projects as well as the refinancing of a series of transactions in the renewables sector and a major battery storage project. Abroad, the strong team acts on on large renewables, biomass and off-grid African projects, and several projects in Europe and China. Bertrand Andriani is the head of the powerful group that includes François AprilStephen Le Vesconte, and 2020’s newly promoted partner Darko Adamovic, as well as public law expert Pierre Guillot. Corporate partners Bruno Derieux and Marc Petitier are also regularly involved.

Practice head(s):

Bertrand Andriani

Other key lawyers:

François April; Stephen Le Vesconte; Darko Adamovic; Pierre Guillot; Bruno Derieux; Marc Petitier


‘A very advanced business approach which involves very good coordination of the different departments of the firm, as well as a pragmatic, constructive and very professional approach.’

‘Bruno Derieux, Pierre Guillot, Jérémy Marthan, to name a few, stand out for their very precise sector and market knowledge.’

Key clients



Amur Gas Chemical Complex LLC


Crédit Industriel et Commercial




InfraVia Capital Partners

International Finance Corporation (IFC)


Tenergie SAS

Idex Services SAS

Sumitomo Corporation

Teréga SAS

LetterOne Holdings S.A.

SG and KomunalKredit


Emerging Africa Infrastructure Fund (EAIF)



Sonnedix France SAS

Neoen SAS

Work highlights

  • Advised BNP Paribas, MUFG and Société Générale on the financing of the Saint-Nazaire offshore wind farm, the first offshore wind project to reach financial close in the French market.
  • Advised Engie on the acquisition, with its consortium partners Crédit Agricole Assurances and Mirova, of an affiliate of Natixis Investment Managers and of a portfolio of large hydro generation assets in the north of Portugal for an enterprise value and consideration of €2.2bn.
  • Advised ECAs, DFIs, commercial banks and Amur Gas Chemical Complex LLC on the $12bn Amur gas-to-chemicals complex to be developed by SIBUR and SINOPEC.

Norton Rose Fulbright

Norton Rose Fulbright's a large team has no shortage of work: the firm is managing an extensive workload involving both France and Africa. In France, the team provides developers and investors with project development and financing as well as corporate advice, including major wind portfolio transactions and innovative and strategic matters; such as the setting up of corporate PPA markets or major electricity interconnection projects. Abroad, the team is very active in Moroccan projects or in projects featuring Moroccan companies, often working hand-in-hand with its Casablanca office. It is also advising leading companies, developers governments and international lenders with various renewables projects in other African countries; particularly in Tunisia and Benin. Oil and gas are also key areas of strength. The practice is also involved in a giant offshore project in Taiwan. Anne Lapierre, who heads the practice globally, is a real powerhouse. She is surrounded by a top team including Christophe AsselineauArnaud Bélisaire and Simon Cudennec. Former counsel Eran Chvika joined Pinsent Masons LLP as a partner in March 2020.

Practice head(s):

Anne Lapierre

Other key lawyers:

Christophe Asselineau; Arnaud Bélisaire; Simon Cudennec


‘The team is very focused on the objectives and very collaborative. Whenever we needed an advice they were always there.

‘We worked with Arnaud Bélisaire and his team. They are very competent in the energy sector and always ready to provide sound legal and commercial  advice.’

Key clients

Akuo Energy

Akwa Group




Greencoat Renewables

Moroccan Agency for Sustainable Energy



World Bank

Work highlights

  • Advised the World Bank on the Solar Risk Mitigation Initiative: Sustainable Solar Guidelines, an integrated approach to tackle policy, technical and financial issues associated with scaling up solar energy deployment, especially in some of the world’s poorest countries.
  • Advised the Moroccan Agency for Sustainable Energy (Masen) on one of the largest solar projects in the world, consisting of solar hybrid CSP and PV technologies as well as storage.  
  • Assisted public transport operator RATP with the corporate PPA markets setting up.

Orrick Rambaud Martel

Orrick Rambaud Martel runs a very prominent practice in France, with the public law team active in large and innovative renewables energy work, spanning offshore and onshore wind, solar, biomass, geothermic, hydrogen and hydroelectricity projects. It is advising the French government on all of France’s landmark offshore wind projects including on the launching of a new call for tender for a 1GW offshore wind farm project in Normandy - France’s largest offshore project to date. The group also handles high-profile financings of new projects and offers experience in corporate PPA. Public law experts, senior counsel Noël Chahid-Nouraï and Geoffroy Berthon are highly recommended. On the international scene, the firm has a strong francophone African practice which assists sponsors undertaking various power, hydroelectric, solar and off-grid projects. The practice also handles brownfield work, for example in Brazil. Practice head Yves Lepage and of counsel Foucaud Jaulin are the key names for international work. Jean-Luc Champy and Amaury de Feydeau joined White & Case LLP in early 2020.

Practice head(s):

Yves Lepage

Other key lawyers:

Noël Chahid-Nouraï; Geoffroy Berthon; Foucaud Jaulin


‘The team led by Me Lepage and which also includes Foucaud Jaulin has extensive experience in the energy sector and OHADA regulation. Availability, humility and above all competence are elements which that I find notable in the practice.’

‘The team has a real knowledge of the environment in which the projects are carried out, including the cultural context, and always seeks a pragmatic, but nevertheless rigorous solution to solve the difficult issues.’

‘Orrick lawyers bring genuine technical skill and experience, which is appreciated by all parties, not just by their clients. They earn the trust (and it is deserved) of all parties, which makes the discussion much easier. I am thinking in particular of Foucaud Jaulin and Yves Lepage.’

‘The team has local experience of the countries in which we work or seek to work and a good professional expertise on all subjects related to infrastructure concessions.’

‘Yves Lepage and his team have excellent technical knowledge of the subjects and keen business sense. Yves is much more than a lawyer for his clients, he is a business partner.’

‘Extremely knowledgeable of both legal and commercial market practices; very responsive and dependable; delivers a high quality work product on time.’

‘In-depth understanding of market practice with a huge amount of experience. Go-to firm for francophone energy transactions. The team is very user-friendly.’

‘Yves Lepage is a trusted adviser; practical and highly dependable’.

‘Jaulin Foucaud is a quality and knowledgeable counsel with in-depth market knowledge and a commercial attitude.’

Key clients

The French Government

Crédit Agricole

CDC Group Plc


Société Générale


Republic of Mali

Eranove Group


Geogas LNG


EOS Holding

Romande Energie

La Banque des Territoires (Caisse des Dépôts Group)

TERÉGA (formerly known as TIGF)

Voigt & Collegen

Adaltys Avocats

Adaltys Avocats’ highly regarded regulatory and public law expertise is retained by many of France’s largest gaz and electricity operators, local public entities and regulating bodies and a significant number of mid-sized wind and solar operators. The firm is advising on various renewables, biogas and hydrogen projects in France and is handling more than 1000 files for Enedis as defendant in litigation challenging the installation of the new Linky meter. Landmark restructuring projects are another area of expertise. The Paris and Lyon offices concentrate most of the firm’s expertise, but additional expertise in available at the firm's other regional offices. Jérôme Lépée heads the practice. Gilles Le Chatelier is the other key name. Romain Granjon also contributes.

Practice head(s):

Jérôme Lépée

Other key lawyers:

Gilles Le Chatelier; Romain Granjon

Key clients







SHEMA (EDF group)

DALKIA (EDF group)

VINCI energy

STEF group

SERFIM group




IB Vogt

Terre et Lac

SMA Group

RES Group

Térega group



BCM / Planète Oui

Région Grand Est

Région AuRA

Région PACA

Métropole de Bordeaux

Métropole de Aix-Marseille

Métropole de Lyon

Republic of Benin

Guernsey electricity

Work highlights

  • Advised the CNR on a wide range of issues: public, concessions, energy and regulation, corporate, contracts.
  • Assisting the GRDF group with issues related to biogas in France.
  • Provided assistance to E.ON on its industrial contracts, energy performance contracts, construction contracts, maintenance contracts, energy sales contracts.

Allen & Overy LLP

Allen & Overy LLP is very active in assisting leading energy companies and investment funds with the negotiation of strategic partnerships and other M&A transactions. The team is also involved in large renewables projects in France and overseas, such as assisting Engie Hydrogen with the development of hydrogen projects from renewable energy source on a worldwide basis. The practice also offers project experience in African jurisdictions. The public law and regulatory expertise fit nicely within the practice. Corporate partner Alexandre Ancel manages the energy practice which also relies on public law partner Romaric Lazerges and project finance Driss Bererhi. Christine Poyer-Rufenacht left the firm to found PRA Avocat.

Practice head(s):

Alexandre Ancel; Driss Bererhi; Romaric Lazerges


‘The firm provides a high variety of skills and can mobilise multidisciplinary talents on one file.’

‘Very good relationship and good interaction between the public law team and the financing team.’

‘Very flexible team which was quickly able to jump into an ongoing transaction.’

‘Very professional and good sector knowledge.’

‘Romaric Lazerges has good knowledge of the French concession system. Alexandre Ancel is a good negotiator and manages to obtain concessions from the counterparty.’

Key clients




Infravia Capital Partners

Holding Gay

Caisse des dépôts et consignations


Omnes Capital

Vauban Infrastructures







Work highlights

  • Advised Total on its joint venture with Adani Green Energy Ltd for the operation of 2.1GW projects in India.
  • Advised Infravia Capital Partners on the acquisition (from GE/WindSpace/Vindparker Förvaltning) and on the capex financing of a company in charge of the development, construction and operation of a 175 MW onshore wind farm project in Jämtland, Sweden
  • Advised Engie and EDPR since its candidature for the second bid launched by the Commission de Régulation de l’Energie (CRE) for the development and the operation of the offshore wind farms at the sites of the Ile d’Yeu and Noirmoutier and Le Tréport.

Asafo & Co.

Since its inception in Spring 2019, Asafo & Co. has wasted no time securing new mandates. The Paris-based team mainly focuses on the African market and benefits from a unique network of offices on the continent with implantations in Kenya, Morocco, Ivory Coast and South Africa. The team of very experienced partners combines civil and common law expertise and in high demand from African states, international lenders, companies and sponsors to assist with the development and financing of all types of energy projects. The practice is involved in some of Africa largest hydroelectric and gas-fired power projects as well as in many large renewables, gas-powered and biomass projects. The firm is also handling several large mandates in the mining sector. Practice co-heads Pascal Agboyibor and Simon Ratledge are highly recognised. Also recommended are Bob Bastos and Sébastien Gaudu. In March 2021, projects and public law expert Cendrine Delivré joined the team from CMS.

Practice head(s):

Pascal Agboyibor; Simon Ratledge

Other key lawyers:

Bob Bastos; Sébastien Gaudu


Good knowledge of the sector and of West Africa. Good fighting spirit. Listen to the client. Search for simplicity in efficiency.’

Creative, responsive, efficient.’

Key clients

Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

La Générale des Carrières et des Mines S.A. (Gécamines)

Ministry of Mines and Geology of the Republic of Guinea

AZITO Energie S.A.


IPS West Africa

MGI Energy

Électricité de France (EDF)

Opec Fund for International Development (OFID)

Emerging Africa Infrastructure Fund (EAIF)

African Development Bank

Attijariwafa Bank Europe

European Investment Bank (EIB)

European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)

Eksport Kredit Fonden (EKF)

Work highlights

  • Advising the Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo on the development of the Inga 3 hydroelectric project, which consists of the construction of a 11,000 MW hydroelectric power plant on the Congo river, the first phase of a 40,000 MW continental project (the ‘Grand Inga’) which is set to become the largest hydroelectric dam (in electricity production) in the world upon its completion.
  • Advising the Republic of Guinea on the Simandou-South iron ore project located in the South-East of Guinea.
  • Advising Azito Energie S.A. (the project company) and the sponsors (Globeleq, part of the UK’s CDC Group, and IPS, the power division of the Aga Khan’s development fund) on the 250 MW expansion of the gas-fired Azito independent power plant in Côte d’Ivoire (Azito Phase IV).

BCTG Avocats

BCTG Avocats stands out for its high-level public and environment law permit expertise in relation to renewable energy projects. Paul Elfassi and counsel Nelsie Bergès are the key specialists and are advising and defending several permits in courts in high-stake disputes pertaining to many of the country’s largest offshore wind projects. The duo’s public law expertise is complemented by the solid corporate expertise of Catherine Dupuy-Burin des RoziersDiane Mouratoglou and Alain de Rougé who advise on mid-sized wind, solar, hydrogen, biomass and corporate PPA projects in France. The practice also handles some work abroad and advises on brownfield and corporate transactions.

Practice head(s):

Diane Mouratoglou; Catherine Dupuy-Burin des Roziers; Paul Elfassi

Other key lawyers:

Alain de Rougé; Nelsie Bergès


‘Very responsive and professional. The team has highly effective knowledge and experience in administrative and public law energy projects.’

‘Cutting-edge expertise and knowledge of the renewable energy sector.’

‘Tailored services and great support on renewable energy projects.’

‘Great litigation expertise: a high rate of success.’

‘Very high-level quality team.’

‘Paul Elfassi and Nelsie Bergès are knowledgeable, experienced and available.’

‘Paul Elfassi is highly responsive, calm and cool tempered. He provides clear and practical advice. He is an excellent lawyer.’

‘Nelsie Bergès is excellent, very responsive and has perfect mastering of her field.’

Key clients










Work highlights

  • Advised EDF Renouvelables on the litigation and the development of one of the first floating offshore windfarm projects awarded in the Mediterranean Sea (investment  €250m) which raised issues regarding the adequacy of the environmental impact studies, protection of the marine fauna and the avifauna, protected species.
  • Assisted Aquind with the development of an interconnector project between France and the United Kingdom, in particular concerning the permitting issues in French environment law and public law (investment €1,4bn).
  • Assisted EDF HYDRO DEVELOPEMENT with its direct and indirect acquisition of 100% of the share capital and voting rights of SOCIETE DES FORCES MOTRICES CONVERT, a company operating a 2.6 MW hydroelectric power station located in the municipality of Neuville-sur-Ain (01).

Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton

Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton manages high-profile mandates in the oil and gas fields, in relation to Africa and the Middle-East. The practice notably assists sovereign states and state-owned companies with conducting strategic international oil and gas transactions, with the establishment or revision of oil and gas regulations, the renegotiation of their oil debt and with related infrastructure projects. It recently completed landmark work for the state of Iraq, acting under a joint World Bank and USAID mandate to advise on the development of a new natural gas market in the country. The team is also assisting several international oil and gas companies with exploration and production activities. The firm also handles mining and power project work. Barthélemy FayeAndrew Bernstein and senior counsel Jean-Pierre Vignaud co-head the practice.

Practice head(s):

Barthélemy Faye; Andrew Bernstein; Jean-Pierre Vignaud


‘Andrew Bernstein ‘s great experience means that he is able to sort what is important, both for his client and for the project, so that we can concentrate on the major points without wasting time on the minor points. He and his associate Lauren Baker are both excellent professionals who do not try to impress their audience or capture the light: they are there to move the project forward. I enjoyed working with them.’

Key clients

The Republic of Chad

Société des Hydrocarbures du Tchad (SHT)

The Republic of Congo

Société des Pétroles du Congo (SNPC)


Port of Dakar, SA

The Republic of Côte d’Ivoire

The Republic of Senegal

Quadran International

Orion Oil Limited



The Republic of Iraq

Africa Oil and Gas Corporation

Work highlights

  • Advised Petrosen and the Republic of Senegal on various project finance matters, including the agreements for the development and financing of the Sangomar oil field and the Grand Tortue Ahmeyim Project.
  • Advised OCI on its strategic partnership with Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC).
  • Advised thRepublic of Congo and state-owned oil company SNPC, alongside Lazard Frères and Parnasse International as financial advisers, on the restructuring of various oil pre-financings made available by traders Glencore, Trafigura and Orion, each backed by syndicates of international commercial banks


CMS‘ Christophe Barthélemy offers highly regarded regulatory energy and electricity expertise. He advises leading French operators, as well as some international clients undertaking major projects or assists with legal recourses to challenge current French regulations. Several clients, including Tesla, entrusted their matters on the development of new electric mobility and storage projects to the practice. Also involved are Claire Vannini, who advises operators on EU regulation and notably on state aid issues, counsel Aurore-Emmanuelle Rubio, who specialises in energy issues, and counsel Céline Cloché-Dubois who advises on environmental and planning law matters. Cendrine Delivré joined Asafo & Co. in March 2021.

Practice head(s):

Christophe Barthélemy; Céline Cloché-Dubois; Claire Vannini

Other key lawyers:

Aurore-Emmanuelle Rubio

Key clients


Meridiam/Waga Energy

Ailes Marines

Regulated subsidiaries of Engie Group: GRTgaz




Engie Green



Ademe / CDC

Syndicat des Energies Renouvelables




Work highlights

  • Advised Eiffage Concessions on the acquisition of nine hydraulic assets, including a legal and tax audit and the drafting and negotiation of the SPA.
  • Advised longstanding client Ailes Marines Permanent on all aspects of the project to build, operate and dismantle a 500 MW offshore wind farm off the coast of Saint-Brieuc (Brittany).
  • Advising on the development of two new units producing biomethane from waste landfill sites.


Jeantet is a growing player in the field of renewables greenfield projects and brownfield transactions in France. The firm is notably advising on development and financing aspects linked several of France’s landmark offshore renewables projects. Corporate partner Karl Hepp de Sevelinges and banking partner Jean-François Adelle are the key contacts, together with new hire Christophe Jacomin who joined in Fall 2020 from LPA-CGR avocats, bringing his complementary expertise in assisting financial institutions to the table. In Thierry Lauriol, the firm also offers high-level African expertise advising governments and leading companies with landmark oil, gas and mining work. Recently, he notably received a mandate from the African Development Bank to prepare a repertoire of oil legislations spanning all African jurisdictions.

Practice head(s):

Karl Hepp de Sevelinges; Thierry Lauriol; Christophe Jacomin

Other key lawyers:

Jean-François Adelle


‘Recognised team, very available, with competitive fees.’

‘Christophe Jacomin is a recognised professional whose interpersonal skills are remarkable.’

Key clients



Bpifrance Financement

EB – Sustainable Investment Management GMBH

African Development Bank

Minister of Petroleum, Mines and Energy of Islamic Republic of Mauritania

Work highlights

  • Advised Canadian company Innergex and its French subsidiary Eoles Yonne on the refinancing of a wind farm of 22 wind turbines with a total capacity of 44MW in operation in the Yonne department, with a banking pool composed of German bank SaarLB and BPIFrance Financement.
  • Advised Canadian energy producer Enbridge on the development and financing of an offshore wind farm located off the coast of Fécamp (Normandy), part of a joint venture with EDF Renouvelables.
  • Advising the Canadian group Enbridge Inc. on a €1.2bn investment for the development of a 480MW offshore wind farm project in Saint-Nazaire expected in 2022 (France), in cooperation with EDF Renouvelables.

Jones Day

Jones Day is regularly retained by leading French energy producers to assist with complex regulatory issues. The team is experienced in challenges to governmental regulations, for example in the gas sector. For key client Engie the practice acts on regulatory work and energy distribution concessions in the French Pacific Islands. Public law experts Philippe Delelis and Nicolas Brice are recommended on those aspects. Also involved are Rémy Fekete and Sophie Chevallier who recently assisted with the development and financing of several renewal projects in Togo. The firm also provides expertise in competition law, climate issues and arbitration as part of its wide offering.

Other key lawyers:

Philippe Delelis; Nicolas Brice; Rémy Fekete; Sophie Chevallier

Key clients







Work highlights

  • Advised EDT Engie (Electricité de Tahiti) on the implementation of new regulations on power tariffs in French Polynesia (Tahiti) for a power distribution concession contract.
  • Assisted the Togolese government with implementing a 50 MW solar photovoltaic plant project in Blitta to be operated by an independent power producer and connected to the national grid.  
  • Advising Izivia SA, EDF’s subsidiary for electric mobility, on the installation and operation of a power charging network of more the 450 stations across Europe.

King & Spalding LLP

Leading oil and gas companies turn to King & Spalding LLP for their most strategic matters in relation to France or North Africa. The practice is advising on several of the region’s largest downstream and upstream projects in Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia, such as the Reggane project in Algeria. Practice head Mehdi Haroun and associate Nora Djeraba are key names for these projects. Oil and gas giants retain the firm to assist with strategic permit issues in France, including litigation against the French state regarding damage claims following the adoption of a set of new legislation aiming at stopping hydrocarbon-based activities in the country. Counsel Ruxandra Lazar is recommended in that regard. The firm is also developing its involvement in unconventional energies, with recent work including the launch of bio-gas stations. Top arbitration and environment expertise are also available.

Practice head(s):

Mehdi Haroun

Other key lawyers:

Ruxandra Lazar; Nora Djeraba


Mehdi Haroun and Nora Djeraba are always available, insightful and straight to the point; they are never short of solutions. Very nice people.’

Key clients


Wintershall Dea GmbH (formerly Dea Erdoel AG)

Dragon Oil

Endesa Energia

General Electric


Snc lavalin

Vermilion Energy

Maurel & Prom


Work highlights

  • Representing numerous clients in 18 investment arbitrations brought under the Energy Charter Treaty against Spain, Italy, Bulgaria and Romania.
  • Represented Spanish energy company Unión Fenosa Gas (UFG) in three arbitrations (one investment and two commercial) against the Government of Egypt and its national natural gas company, EGAS, concerning the failure to supply of natural gas to a major LNG export plant in Egypt that Unión Fenosa Gas constructed.
  • Advising Wintershall on various legal aspects of the Reggane upstream developments in Algeria including the EPC contract and more recently the gas sales agreement relating to the Reggane gas field.

LPA-CGR avocats

LPA-CGR avocats’ know-how in the domestic renewables energy sector ranks among the best available in France. The firm has large resources and is able to provide a full set of expertise, with particular strength in regulatory matters and public law. The practice is involved in France’s landmark offshore projects and was recently mandated to tackle challenging regulatory litigation. The solid M&A and projects capabilities also deserve acknowledgement. Co-heads of practice Fabrice Cassin and Hélène Gelas are excellent for public law and regulatory work. Also recommended are corporate partner Philippe Raybaud, contract and real estate specialist Philippe Jacques, finance partner Alexae Fournier de Faÿ and corporate partner Florence Trognon-Dumain. Also highly involved are public law expert François Versini-Campinchi, who made partner in January 2021, and counsel Yaël Cambus. Christophe Jacomin left for Jeantet in autumn 2020.

Practice head(s):

Fabrice Cassin; Hélène Gelas

Other key lawyers:

Philippe Raybaud; Philippe Jacques; Alexae Fournier de Fay; Florence Trognon-Dumain; François Versini-Campinchi; Yael Cambus


Very competent, efficient and dynamic team.’

‘The team is extremely diverse and the level of expertise is excellent.’

‘I particularly appreciate the great availability of Hélène Gelas. She communicates with perfect clarity.’

‘Great availability and responsiveness of the teams.’

‘Hélène Gelas and François Versini are highly technical in environmental and energy law and have very good knowledge of the sector.’

‘Dynamic, responsive team and expert in its field.’

‘Hélène Gelas is very expert and always available to answer questions.’

‘In the renewable energies sector, the team is very involved alongside the  industry professional bodies which gives them excellent relevance. Their practice of litigation makes their analyses and advice very reliable.’

‘Fabrice Cassin and Hélène Gélas are references in our sector.’

‘Very available and competent.’

‘Hélène Gelas is able to answer very specific questions in public law.’

‘Extensive experience in wind power;  updated knowledge and monitoring of the regulatory and jurisprudential developments in the wind sector.’

‘ High availability and reliable answers.’

Key clients

EP Power

Total Quadran


SNCF Energie






RP Global



Work highlights

  • Advised EP Power group on its litigation against the French State related to the anticipation of the closure of the coal-fired power plants and also, with success, its subsidiary, Gazel Energie, as part of the litigation against EDF relating to the activation of the force majeure clause on the supply contract with nuclear power plants due to the fall in demand caused by the coronavirus epidemic.
  • Assisted Fred. Olsen Renewables and Global Wind Power Europe with the sale of the Global Wind Power France group to Total via its subsidiary Total Quadran.
  • Advised SNCF Energie on the structuring, the formulation and the negotiation the direct long-term green power purchase agreements (Green Corporate PPA) in Europe with Voltalia in 2019 and RES in 2020, the first of its kind in France.

Mayer Brown

Mayer Brown’s practice focuses on advising states, sponsors and developers in relation to energy matters in francophone Africa. The practice is handling a good amount of renewables project work in Benin, Mali, Cameroon, Senegal and Togo in addition to major oil and gas mandates in Benin, for example the country's first floating storage regasification unit. Olivier Mélédo is particularly recommended in that regard. Other practice key member Alban Dorin handles a significant amount of work in the African mining sector; he is involved in gold and manganese projects in Gabon and Burkina Faso, often collaborating with the London office in his practice. Mélédo and Dorin co-head the practice.

Practice head(s):

Olivier Mélédo; Alban Dorin


‘The team has strong expertise in topics related to the energy sector, particularly in Africa. The work carried out always meets our expectations. The firm distinguishes itself by its availability and responsiveness.’

‘Olivier Mélédo is an excellent partner who is always available and supports us on very complex projects. He does not content himself with purely legal work: he never hesitates to share relevant information or contacts with us to support our development.’

‘In-depth knowledge of the sector.’

Key clients

Africa Finance Corporation

Africa Legal Support Facility

Générale du Solaire


Kouros France

Millennium Challenge Corporation

Premier Oil Plc

Presidency of the Republic of Benin / The Government of Benin

TSK Electrónica y Electricidad, S.A.

Work highlights

  • Advised the Republic of Benin on the signing of a gas supply agreement with the Société Béninoise d’Energie Electrique (SBEE) and Total over the installation of the first floating storage regasification unit in the sub-Sahara region.
  • Advising Africa Finance Corporation (AFC) in connection with the acquisition of circa 45 percent of Nouvelle Gabon Mining (NGM), a company holding two major manganese concessions in Gabon and subsequent acquisitions.
  • Advising the MCA-Benin II (an entity of the US-based Millennium Challenge Corporation), the Government of Benin and the SBEE (Beninese electricity distribution company) on the development of an Independent Power Project (IPP) legal and institutional framework, standard form typical contracts (including concession and PPA) and a competitive bidding process in Benin as well as on the implementation of 4 IPP transactions in the solar PV sector.

Ravetto Associés

Ravetto Associés is a highly recommended boutique whose sectors of intervention span gas, electricity, renewables energies, electric mobility, heat and cogeneration. The breadth of expertise is large and covers regulatory, public law, supply contracts, project development and financing work as well as corporate and brownfield matters. The firm assists an extensive client base, consisting of alternative suppliers, investors, a German bank as well as many various other companies. Founding partner Paul Ravetto, public law expert Patrick Labayle-Pabet, contract and regulatory expert Anne-Laure Proisy, debt and equity investment adviser Claire Bretheau and of counsel Rémy Coin share the lead of the practice.

Practice head(s):

Paul Ravetto; Patrick Labayle-Pabet; Anne-Laure Proisy; Claire Bretheau; Rémy Coin


‘The firm is capable of dealing with a broad range of issues in the energy sector. It is very responsive and up to date and responds to local issues as well as international ones.’

‘Paul Ravetto and Rémy Coin are eminent jurists who provide concrete solutions. They are responsive and have great legal knowledge, including on litigation.’

‘An extremely competent team in the field of energy with, in addition, great expertise in cross-border and international projects; very available even at very short notice.’

‘Claire Bretheau is a very dynamic and dedicated lawyer, with extensive experience in the energy sector and especially in the financing of transactions and energy projects. She provides high-quality work in every detail while remaining solution-oriented. I would not recommend anyone else!’

‘Excellent knowledge of the energy business with very good support in the context of equity investment transactions; high availability and responsiveness of the teams.’

‘The team unites skills in public law, energy law, project and corporate finance. The availability is exemplary.’

‘Claire Bretheau deserves special mention for her investment and the rigour of her analydes.’

‘A team as invested as we are in our projects; ultra competent and responsive.’

‘Claire Bretheau is extremely competent and is always responsive and very professional. She knows how to adapt brilliantly to our needs, without ever getting lost in sterile legal debates. She supports us with great efficiency. We can only recommend her.’

‘Strong know-how; strong customer service for a reasonable price; very reactive.’

‘High level of experience in renewables energy.’

‘Claire Bretheau is very sharp. She is an efficient, rigorous and demanding lawyer. She is very concerned about meeting deadlines. It is also very pleasant to work with her.’

Key clients

Landesbank Saar (SaarLB)






Demeter Partners

Enercon Independent Power Producer GmbH

Industrie Werke Basel (IWB)

ABO Wind

Syndicat Valor Béarn


Norske Skog

Alpiq Energie France


EDP Renewables


Naturgy (Gas Natural)

Bouygues Immobilier

Ovo Energy


Work highlights

  • Advising and representing several alternative suppliers of power against EDF in summary proceedings (‘référés’) and then in full proceedings (‘au fond’) before the commercial Court of Paris with respect to the force majeure clause set forth under the ARENH framework-agreement in the framework of the Covid-19 crisis and the drop in power consumption and in power prices.
  • Advising FMET on its investment in equity (capital increase of € 7m) and in debt (convertible bonds for € 8m) in ZE WAY, a new player in electric mobility offering a service of personal electric mopeds with swappable batteries in a network of stations deployed throughout the city.
  • Assisted Caisse des dépôts et consignations with the implementation of the partnership agreement executed in 2018 with JP Energie Environnement (JPEE), involving assistance with the negotiation, signing and closing of the share purchase agreements and other documents related to the investment in 17 SPVs operating wind/solar power plants for a deal value of circa €45m.

Watson Farley & Williams LLP

Watson Farley & Williams LLP assists an extensive client base of key domestic and international players: project developers, equity sponsors, investors, banks and other lenders. The firm is recognised for its strong presence in domestic renewable energy projects, but also regularly advises on similar European projects. Combining strong structured finance, project, public law and regulatory expertise, the firm handles a high amount of greenfield and brownfield mid- to large-scale projects, including one of the country’s landmark wind projects. In addition, the firm is retained to advise on innovative projects in relation to new energy storage and corporate PPP initiatives. The practice is co-headed by regulatory and public law expert Laurent Battoue, structured finance expert Laurence Martinez-Bellet, corporate partner Arnaud Félix and tax partner Romain Girtanner.

Practice head(s):

Laurent Battoue; Laurence Martinez-Bellet; Arnaud Félix; Romain Girtanner


‘Extremely knowledgeable regarding the French renewables sector. Very responsive and pragmatic when it comes to problem-solving. Tight control on spending. Nothing is too much trouble – a real pleasure to work with.’

‘Good expertise on new types of issues such as corporate PPA and energy storage matters.’

‘Very good knowledge of the market. Great negotiation skills.’

‘High-level expertise. Public law partner Laurent Battoue is well recognised in his field. He provides accurate, thorough and practical judgements. Laurence Martinez Bellet is a very experienced professional.’

‘Open mindset and professionalism. Their knowledge of regulatory matters in different fields of energy, transport and finance and their presence in Europe are a key to success.’

‘Laurence Martinez Bellet has excellent knowledge of the renewable energy market and is highly available. She has recognised expertise and finds solutions to complex matters.’

Key clients

Akuo Energy

Amundi Transition Energétique

BayWa r.e.

BNP Paribas

Bpifrance Financement

Banque Populaire Grand Ouest

Caisse d’Epargne Provence – Alpes – Corse (CEPAC)

Crédit Industriel et Commercial


ING Bank

La Banque Postale



Predica Energies Durables



RGreen Invest

Société Générale

Technique Solaire


Ze Energy

Work highlights

  • Advising the lenders including Caisse d’Epargne Provence – Alpes – Corse (CEPAC), BNP Paribas, La Banque Postale and Natixis on the legal due diligence and the refinancing for circa €180m of a solar and wind portfolio with a capacity of 104.8 MW developed by Neoen.  
  • Advising a consortium comprising Groupe Renault, the Fonds de modernisation écologique des transports (‘FMET’) managed by Demeter, German aggregator The Mobility House and Mitsui & Co on the project structuring and set-up of a joint project company in Germany specialising in stationary energy storage systems using electric vehicle batteries.
  • Advising RES on its signing of long-term green corporate power purchase agreements with SNCF Énergie.

White & Case LLP

White & Case LLP is particularly active for sponsors undertaking large hydropower and renewables energy projects in Africa., but also handles regulatory work for a key international player seeking to enter the French electricity and gas supply market in France. The group's involvement in a large-scale hydropower project in Caucasia and its assistance of lenders with the financing of a gold mine project demonstrate the team's reach beyond its core practice. Project finance partner Paule Biensan and public law expert François-Guilhem Vaissier are key names in the practice which should  benefit from the hiring of highly experienced project partners Jean-Luc Champy and Amaury de Feydeau, formerly at Orrick Rambaud Martel, during the 1st semester of 2020. The practice can also rely on a world-class arbitration practice - which is headed by Michael Polkinghorne -  which often manages top energy-related cases.

Practice head(s):

Paule Biensan; Michael Polkinghorne

Other key lawyers:

François-Guilhem Vaissier


A very experienced team in energy issues, whether in France or internationally. Strong responsiveness, with the ability to maintain quality even in an emergency. Good knowledge of industrial companies in the sector, particularly in electricity.’

‘Jean-Luc Champy is an excellent public law expert, with very good knowledge of energy law. He shows good perception of the industrial challenges of its clients and of technical issues. He demonstrates great availability. François-Guilhem Vaissie is very efficient, very responsive, and has very good knowledge of the energy sector, especially for international operations.’

Key clients

Inpex Operations Australia Pty Ltd

Government of Nigeria


Lightbridge Corporation


Work highlights

  • Advised Atinkou and its shareholder Eranove on the financing, design, construction and operation of 390 MW Power Plant in Côte d’Ivoire.
  • Representing the sponsors in connection with the development, construction and financing of Sahofika 200MW hydroelectric project in Madagascar.
  • Advising Inpex on $5bn+ arbitrations and project completion issues arising out of the construction of an onshore LNG processing facility in Australia.

August Debouzy

Practice head(s):

Vincent Brenot; Julien Aucomte; Emmanuelle Mignon; Julien Wagmann


‘The team offers a wide range of expertise and is highly available and responsive.’

‘Maître Julien Wagmann is a very good and trustworthy professional.’

Key clients

Total Quadran

Groupe Cahors






CGN (China General Nuclear Power) Energy Europe



Work highlights

  • Advising Banque des Territoires (Caisse des Dépôts et Consignations Group) on the acquisition of a minority stake, alongside Tenergie and Crédit Agricole Pyrénées-Gascogne Énergies Nouvelles, in Terres d’Energie,the holding company for project companies making up a 488 MW wind and photovoltaic portfolio in France.
  • Advising Total, through its wholly owned subsidiary, Total Quadran, on its acquisition of Global Wind Power France from Fred, Olsen Renewables AS and Global Wind Power Europe.
  • Advising Groupe Cahors on its acquisition by Epsys.

Baker McKenzie

Practice head(s):

Richard Mugni

Key clients



Electricité de France (EDF)

Work highlights

  • Advised China International Water & Electric, a subsidiary of China Three Gorges Corp., on two concession agreements with the Republic of Guinea, one for the operation of the power plant and hydroelectric plant in Kaléta and one on the construction and operation of the Souapiti hydroelectric plant, as well as on two electricity purchase contracts with the national company Electricité de Guinée.
  • Advising CGI on a call for tenders launched by the Tunisian Electricity and Gas Company for the supply and implementation of a ‘smart grid’ infrastructure.  
  • Assisted Shell with the resolution of a dispute with Lyondellbasell.

Bird & Bird

Practice head(s):

Sibylle Weiler; Boris Martor


‘The Bird & Bird team has strong expertise in subjects related to the energy sector, particularly in Africa.’

‘Boris Martor is an excellent partner.’

Key clients

Norddeutsche Landesbank

Volkswind GmbH

BayWa r.e. France SAS

Envitec AG


Hamburg Commercial Bank

STOA Infra & Energy


Agence Française de Développement & Caisse Régionale de Crédit Agricole de la Réunio

RTE Eirgrid CELTIC interconnector

Eiffage Energies Système

State of Guinée

Republic of Togo, Republic of Benin, Republic Of Burkina Faso, Republic of Mali, Republic of Niger, Republic of Gabon


Work highlights

  • Advising BayWa r.e. France SAS on legal issues for Windfarms and PV installations development, construction and sale and the acquisition of renewable energy projects in France.
  • Advising Volkswind GmbH on project development and contractual schemes for onshore windfarm portfolios in France: setting up technical and commercial management agreements, and direct marketing schemes, negotiating wind turbine supply and maintenance agreements and corporate power purchase agreements.
  • Advised Engie on corporate PPAs with leading entities to provide energy on a long-term basis.

De Gaulle Fleurance & Associés

Practice head(s):

Sylvie Perrin; Jonathan Souffir

Other key lawyers:

Gaïa Witz


‘Very strong banking and finance capability.’

‘Sylvie Perrin is very strong and a great lawyer and pleasure to work with.’

Key clients


Crédit du Nord

Eiffel Investissement


Engie Green

Inno Biogaz



R GreenAlpic







Watt Group






Glennmont Partners



Helia Conseil








Banque Palatine

Banques Populaires


BHC Energy

BNP Paribas


BPI Groupe

Caisses D’Epargne

Cam Energie

Credit Agricole

Credit Cooperatif

Credit Mutuel – CIC

Danske Commodities

Demeter Partners

Engie Evergaz


Futuren (Formerly Theolia)

Generale du Solaire

Global Eco-Power


Groupe Carre



Infra Capital

John Laing

La Banque Postale


La Poste



Natixis Energeco


Nord Lb

Ox 2


Prejeance Capital



See You Sun

Smart Energie








Work highlights

  • Advised Windvision on the sale of its two onshore wind farms located in Annelles to Blackrock.
  • Advised La Banque Postale on the financing of a wind farm owned by Quaero European Infrastructure Fund.
  • Assisted BayWa r.e. with the sale of a wind farm project (18MW).


Practice head(s):

Ramin Hariri

Other key lawyers:

Marc Fornacciari

Key clients


Caisse des Dépôts et Consignations (CDC)


RATP Dév. + Keolis



NeoT Capital

ALSF and the Government of Congo Brazzaville

Total SA


Schuepbach Energy

Work highlights

  • Advising Suez on the international tender for the management of the public service involved in the production and distribution of drinking water in Senegal.
  • Assisting NEoT Capital with the financing of mini-grid projects in Sierra Leone and Uganda and the structuring of a joint venture in order to develop the projects.
  • Advising ALSF and the Government of Congo Brazzaville on the PPP legal framework with respect to hydropower projects, including implementing Model Power Purchase Agreements (PPAs) for use in electrification projects, whether hydroelectric or thermal.

DS Avocats

Practice head(s):

Grégory Gutierrez; Véronique Fröding; Stéphane Gasne

Key clients

Berkeley Energy

China Nuclear Power Engineering


E.ON Climate & Renewables




Nordic Solar

NRW Bank

RALOS new energy



RWE Renewables


Siemens Gamesa Renewable Energy


Steag New Energies





Work highlights

  • Advising the CNPE consortium, made up of CNPE, Framatome and four Chinese contractors, on the Iter nuclear fusion project, inccluding labour, tax, transfer pricing, construction and contract management advice.
  • Advising ENGIE and NEXITY through the joint venture called ‘GARENNE DEVELOPPEMENT’ on developing the new Campus ENGIE.  
  • Advising E.ON Climate & Renewables, a subsidiary of German group E.ON, on the Dunkirk offshore wind tender procedure organised by the French State, including advice on regulatory issues pertaining to the tender procedure and the review and drafting of the relevant contractual  and corporate documentation relating to the cooperation between the members of the consortium during  the bidding and post bidding phase.

DS Avocats

DS Avocats

Key clients

Berkeley Energy China Nuclear Power Engineering Difko E.ON Climate & Renewables Enercon Engie Innogy Nordic Solar NRW Bank RALOS new energy ROMO Wind RTE RWE Renewables Searnergy Siemens Gamesa Renewable Energy Sonatrel Steag New Energies Sun’R Teréga Valeco Voltalia

Work highlights

  • Advising the CNPE consortium, made up of CNPE, Framatome and four Chinese contractors, on the Iter nuclear fusion project, including labour, tax, transfer pricing, construction and contract management advice.
  • Advising ENGIE and NEXITY through the joint venture called ‘GARENNE DEVELOPPEMENT’ on developing the new Campus ENGIE.
  • Advising E.ON Climate & Renewables, a subsidiary of German group E.ON, on the Dunkirk offshore wind tender procedure organised by the French State, including advice on regulatory issues pertaining to the tender procedure and the review and drafting of the relevant contractual and corporate documentation relating to the cooperation between the members of the consortium during the bidding and post bidding phase.

Eversheds Sutherland (France) LLP

Practice head(s):

Louis-Narito Harada


‘Good lawyers, available, deliver on time, easy to work with, good sector knowledge.’

‘Louis-Narito Harada and the energy team are easy to work with and deliver accurate and timely advice. They follow up when necessary and are proactive.’

Key clients


Enel Green Power





Gas Export Council Forum

Vent d’Est


Work highlights

  • Advised Enel Green Power on its acquisition of a pipeline of onshore wind energy projects in development for a total capacity of 340MW.
  • Advised EDF on the $110m financing of a 50MW solar farm in Benban, Egypt.
  • Advised Voltalia on the $30m financing of a 32MW solar farm in Benban, Egypt.


Practice head(s):

Cécile Fontaine; Guillaume Dezobry; Guillaume Ansaloni


‘ Maître Fontaine is an expert lawyer in her field, responsive and available. She also knows how to listen to our concerns and issues to support us as best as possible.’

Key clients









Work highlights

  • Advised CIC and Auxifip as mandated lead arrangers and lenders and Bpifrance Financement and CM-CIC Infra Debt Fund as lenders on the financing of the development, construction and operation of ten onshore wind farms located in France and owned by Boralex.
  • Advised Valorem as borrower on the granting of a €38m facility regarding the development of of two ground-mounted photovoltaic plants located in France.
  • Assisting BPCE ENERGECO/LA BANQUE POSTALE/HELIA CONSEIL/CAISSE D’EPARGNE POITOU CHARENTE/NATIXIS as the finance parties with the financing of a portfolio of hydroelectric plants located in Guadeloupe.


Practice head(s):

Jérôme Michel

Hogan Lovells (Paris) LLP

Hogan Lovells (Paris) LLP

Work highlights

  • Advised Proparco, a subsidiary of the Agence Française de Développement (AFD) devoted to private sector funding, and the Belgian Investment Company for Developing Countries (BIO) on the financing of the Ten Marina solar power plant in Senegal.
  • Acted for lenders, including the West African Development Bank (BOAD) as arranger, the Islamic Society for the Development of the Private Sector (SID), the Islamic Development Bank (IDB), the Opec pour le Développement International (FODI) and The Emerging Africa Infrastructure Fund (EAIF), as well as Attijariwafa Bank as agent, and the International Bank for Mali as collateral agent, in the framework of funding of €90m for Mali’s first IPP project.
  • Advised Proparco, a subsidiary of the Agence Française de Développement devoted to private sector funding, on a trade finance loan facilitation programme worth $5m for pan-African banking group Ecobank.

LMP Avocats

Practice head(s):

Flore Mazas; François Loubières


‘Great mastery of the field of energy saving certificates (EEC).’

‘ I enjoy working with François Loubières because of his in-depth knowledge of the energy sector. François is also a conscientious and attentive lawyer and shows kindness.’

‘The team has unique expertise in the energy savings certificate system. The team also has strong expertise in legal issues related to LNG gas.’

‘The partners François Loubières and Flore Mazas are very available, responsive and solution-oriented. François Loubières is an excellent negotiator.’

‘LMP Avocats is very responsive and always available. The team knows how to deal with subjects efficiently, with a lot of pedagogy and deadlines being kept. The team is complementary and always knows how to make relevant proposals.’

‘Availability, professionalism and pragmatism.’

‘Good understanding of clients’ constraints and a great ability to find solutions!’

‘François Loubières masters his subject perfectly. His knowledge of the business is an asset for his clients.’

Key clients


Economie d’Energie (groupe La Poste)

Reed Smith

Practice head(s):

Victoria Westcott; Fernand Arsanios; Peter Rosher; Clément Fouchard


 ‘An excellent resource.’

Peter Rosher’s team has remarkable expertise in construction and arbitration, especially on FIDIC contracts. The team is thorough and extremely responsive.’

Simmons & Simmons

Practice head(s):

Yves Baratte


‘The team gave insightful advice and is not making you waste time or money, straight to the point.’

‘Yves Baratte is an exceptional partner, with depth of experience and very acute analytical skills. He is very easy to work with, always pondering what’s the best course of action to take, not rushing but neither not slowing things down.’

‘Yves Baratte is extremely competent on energy issues and has a very good knowledge of Africa, especially French-speaking Africa. His team is responsive and relevant in its analyses.’

Key clients

First Quantum Minerals

Globeleq Limited

Djibouti Ports & Free Zone Authority

De Run International



Resource Capital Fund

Ernst & Young

MHI Vestas

Electricité de France (EDF)

Government of Guinea


All Luxury Suites Group

Air Djibouti


Plastipak group


Work highlights

  • Advising Djibouti Ports and Free Zone Authority on the negotiation of all agreements for a major joint venture with Chinese state-owned entities for the development of Africa’s largest free trade zone.
  • Advising Republic of Guinea on a mining-related port project in the Republic of Guinea.
  • Advising First Quantum Minerals Limited on all aspects of a copper-gold mining project in Mauritania, including on tax and royalty negotiations with the Mauritanian Government.

Trinity International LLP

Practice head(s):

Pierre Bernheim; Marianna Sédéfian


We were able to benefit from the availability and know-how of Pierre Bernheim and Marianna Sédéfian. We were extremely impressed with the performance of the two partners.’

Key clients


Total Eren

Qair International

Building Energy

Akuo Energy

Scatec Solar



ElectriFi (through EDFI Management Company N.V)

Aggreko International Projects Limited

Africa Ren


Agence Française de Développement (AFD)

Work highlights

  • Advising AFD (the French development bank) on the first suite of PRG documents for a solar project in Guinea.
  • Advised the lenders, Bio and ElectriFi (through EDFI Management Company N.V), on the project financing of a solar project in Tunisia.  
  • Advising two solar power developers (Qair International and AFRICA REN) on the project financing of three solar power projects with a total installed capacity of 80MW.