Focus on: Merger control regime in Turkish competition law

ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law

Doing business in Turkey is a jurisdiction that receives quite significant numbers of merger control notifications due to its relatively low turnover thresholds and wide coverage that does not exclude any foreign-to-foreign transactions. The most crucial aspects of the merger control regime in Turkey are examined below. In Turkey, the Law no. 4054 on the Protection of Competition … View Firm Profile

Focus on: Mexico – COVID-19, counter-reforms and dispute resolution

Malpica, Iturbe, Buj y Paredes, S.C.

Doing business in 2020 and 2021 were strange and challenging years for everybody. World economies suffered gravely due to the Covid-19 pandemic. Closures and lack of governmental rescue programs caused severe stress to commercial transactions in Mexico and affected the viability of all types of businesses but more severely companies relying on high volume sales for goods and … View Firm Profile

Focus on: Book publishers


Doing business in In France, for book publishers as for the rest of society, 2020 was marked by the Covid-19 health crisis. Bookstores, considered non-essential businesses, were closed during the first lockdown in spring 2020 as well as during the second lockdown in November, for a total of almost three months. Thus, there were fears of a strong … View Firm Profile

Focus on: Shipping in Cyprus

Montanios & Montanios LLC

Doing business in Cyprus, a full member of the European Union, has been in the forefront of international shipping for over 6 decades and today it: has the 3rd largest merchant fleet in Europe and the 11th largest globally, and is the largest third-party ship management centre in Europe and amongst the top three worldwide. The Cyprus flag … View Firm Profile

Doing Business In: Switzerland

Teichmann International

Doing business in Switzerland is globally recognised as a world-leading country in many respects. It has extremely high quality of life (joint-2nd in the 2020 Human Development Index of the United Nations Development Programme), international credibility, political and social stability, a transparent legal system, a liberal and highly competitive economy, strategic geographical position, and multiculturalism. Little wonder, then, … View Firm Profile

Focus on: Regulatory and competition law developments in Cyprus

Antoniou McCollum & Co. LLC

Doing business in The past year has been a very productive one for the Cypriot competition authority, the Commission for the Protection of Competition (CPC).  While Cyprus has yet to transpose Directive 2019/1 into its legal order, the CPC carried out a public consultation in 2020 on a draft bill intending to implement the said Directive. Provisions guaranteeing the … View Firm Profile

Focus on: Corporate and Commercial in Cyprus

Elias Neocleous & Co LLC

Doing business in The corporate and commercial landscape in Cyprus has witnessed some dramatic changes since the country gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1960. The economy at that time was dominated by agriculture and tourism and consequently, corporate and commercial activity on the island was both limited in scope and generally domestic in nature. Faced with … View Firm Profile

Focus on: Dispute Resolution in Cyprus

Elias Neocleous & Co LLC

Doing business in To date, in Cyprus, the dominant means of settling large commercial disputes is via litigation. There is often negotiation before and during court proceedings but no legal obligation on or expectation that the parties will engage in such discussions unless they have specifically agreed to do so.  Alternative dispute resolution methods (“ADR”) are a relatively … View Firm Profile

Focus on: Tax in Cyprus

Elias Neocleous & Co LLC

Doing business in The Cyprus tax regime is one of the most attractive in Europe for individuals, investors and businesses.  It offers one of the lowest corporate tax rates (12.5%) and the country can boast of a network of more than 60 double taxation agreements. Cyprus provides an ideal environment for group holding and finance companies, offering tax … View Firm Profile

Focus on: Banking and finance in Cyprus

Elias Neocleous & Co LLC

Doing business in Cyprus’ Banking and Finance sector has worked hard to restore its credibility following the 2009-2013 economic crisis and subsequent EU bail out. The economic crisis was largely precipitated by over exposure to the Greek economy and sovereign debt and, a severely overleveraged property sector; all factors which resulted in Cyprus banks portfolios containing an unacceptably … View Firm Profile

Doing Business In: Oman

Mohammed Al Ruqaishi Law Firm

Doing business in Located in the South Eastern quarter of the Arabian Peninsula, Oman is a member of the Gulf Cooperation Council (the “GCC”) and the second largest country in the GCC after Saudi Arabia. Oman has been a top choice for foreign investors for many years, owing to its long history as a trading port and its … View Firm Profile

Focus on: Environmental laws in the Netherlands

Greenberg Traurig LLP

Doing business in While being a small country (41,543 km2), the Netherlands accommodates nearly 18 million people and constitutes one of the world’s strongest economies. One of the reasons for its strong economy, is the open, international climate of the Dutch economy, being both inviting and facilitating for foreign investors. The Netherlands is, amongst others, an attractive logistics … View Firm Profile