Industry focus: TMT in Spain

Baker McKenzie

The 'fast and efficient team' at Baker McKenzie covers all three sectors of TMT in a variety of matters, with particular strengths in structured financing for studios and production companies, IT advice to the banking sector, IT contracting matters and telecoms regulation. Co-head of the TMT practice José María Méndez is the key contact for media matters, with recent experience advising on digital streaming services as their importance grew in 2020. Raúl Rubio left the firm in September 2021.

Practice head(s):

José María Méndez


‘The team has extensive knowledge and is up to date in new technologies and where they will lead. They are a fast and efficient team in their responses and very collaborative.’

‘Good knowledge of the sector, not only of the legislation, and constant attention to any change or update. The skills that I highlight of this team is the quick response capacity, the effort to understand the priorities of our company as a client and our strategy. Pragmatism and effectiveness are highly valued, that the legal recommendation can be implemented and is not based solely on legal purism.’

‘I work regularly with Jose María Mendez. He is a lawyer who knows our industry to perfection and, in areas that fall outside of his expertise, he has the ability to bring colleagues from the firm on board and quickly train them on our needs and the way we work. He understands our needs and tries to advise not only in the short term, but in the long term.’

‘Jose Maria Méndez has a lot of experience and contacts in the sector, generates confidence by the ability to give practical advice.’

‘Professionalism, updating and depth of the issues they work on, as well as relationships in the ecosystem that allow them to anticipate regulatory problems for their clients and work on them in advance to minimize their impact on the development of their businesses.’

‘Humility, closeness, professionalism and availability 24/7.’

‘Baker stands out for its knowledge of the audiovisual sector and production in all its aspects.’


Leading national and multinational TMT companies instruct the lawyers at ECIJA on a variety of matters. Founding partner Hugo Écija acts for some of Spain's largest media corporations on issues related to new technologies, media and telecoms, while Juan Salmeron and Alonso Hurtado have recently led together on IP, competition and data protection matters for Orange and Vodafone. Barcelona-based Xavier Muñoz is a noted IT expert in the telecoms and gaming sectors, and newly promoted partner Cristina Villasante has developed notable expertise in digital transformation projects.

Other key lawyers:

Hugo Écija; Juan Salmeron; Cristina Villasante; Alonso Hurtado; Alejandro Touriño


‘Ecija is the benchmark in the sector, highlighting not only its knowledge of the current legislation, but also of the upcoming legislative changes, which is vital in cases of implementation of digital issues to avoid the obsolescence of the project. Also important is its ability to analyze an external organization, and carry out the design of implementation plans adapted to its idiosyncrasies and particularities.’

‘Practice in the TMT area requires a high specialization in privacy and IP, as well as knowledge of the technologies that are constantly breaking into companies. ECIJA’s TMT team is highly qualified and recognized in this practice, and their attorneys prove to be up to speed in these matters.’

‘They are an office with a closeness to the client and a very remarkable availability. Given the speed with which new digital and technological projects are emerging in the healthcare field and with an evident impact on privacy, having a highly accessible office is essential.’

‘I would highlight the magnificent work of Alonso Hurtado.’

‘The team has extensive experience in new technologies and innovation, which allows them, in addition to providing their high-quality technical knowledge, to seek new solutions for the client. They perfectly understand how a company works and always put themselves in our place to have a full understanding of the problem. Without a doubt the best formula to find solutions.’

Key clients







ING Bank


NH Hotels


Densu Aegis Network
























Work highlights

  • Assisted Orange with the nine copyright and related rights collective management societies (CMOs) that operate in Spain, regarding Orange’s content offer and pay TV services.
  • Advised Dentsu Aegis Network on the automation of the management, activation and reporting of out-of-home advertising campaigns for The Coca-Cola Company.
  • Advised Mercedes-Benz on the design and implementation of the “Mercedes-Benz Ecosystem”, a platform for the management of leads obtained through online and offline channels.


The sizeable team at Garrigues advises on projects, contracts and transactions spanning the range of sectors in the scope of TMT, with recent work concerning telecoms infrastructure, fintech advice to multinational banking clients and technology services in the health and automotive sectors. Digital technology is a particular specialism of the firm. Barcelona-based José Ramón Morales acts for international and local clients on technology transactions, outsourcing deals and digital services projects, with a special focus on regulated sectors. Javier Marzo and Carolina Pina Sanchez in Madrid jointly lead the telecoms and media team; their clients include La Liga and Televisa. Data protection specialist Alejandro Padín is an experienced advisor of major multinationals and is increasingly instructed on data breach regulations.

Practice head(s):

Javier Marzo; José Ramón Morales; Carolina Pina Sánchez; Alejandro Padín

Other key lawyers:

Sergio González Galán


‘Experience, technical knowledge, rigor combined with flexibility and pragmatism, focus on the customer and their needs, transparency and availability to meet customer needs.’

‘Great partners, they understand the business, they are very flexible, they always provide solutions and while they have their areas of specialization they are open and adapt to what we need.’

‘The team is very prepared and very well managed. The distribution of roles and responsibilities results in complete and seamless advice.’

‘José Ramón Morales leads a very close, involved team. Mr Morales and his team are able to advise closely, and with great practical vocation to search for real solutions, not theoretical.’

‘José Ramón and his team stand out for their commitment to the client as well as for their technical excellence. Whether in negotiation, legal analysis or document drafting, they help achieve the client’s objectives.’

‘They have unbeatable experience in the field of new technologies, e-commerce and fintechs. This accumulated experience has allowed them to warn of problems before they appear or to propose solutions immediately in the event of unforeseen events.’

‘Extraordinary rigor and technical level. Very results-oriented approach for the client and understanding of what is sought and what is the most appropriate and deliverable.’

‘Technical excellence, knowledge of the sector and experience in precedents. I especially highlight José Ramón Morales and Carolina Pina, whose professional reliability is impressive.’

Key clients














Work highlights

  • Advised CaixaBank on its agreement with IBM to enlarge its collaboration in the IT infrastructure area and to accelerate the bank’s cloud transformation.
  • Assisted Endesa-Enel on its agreement with Lyntia, which grants the latter long-term rights to use Endesa’s excess dark fiber optic network (7,500 km).
  • Acted for BBVA in its alliance with German insurance company Allianz including data bases and AI matters.

Uría Menéndez

Uría Menéndez's TMT-sector services come under the banner of its digital law area, which draws together experts from a variety of practice areas, including IT, commercial, privacy, IP, M&A, tax, competition, regulatory and labour. Pablo González-Espejo heads the practice and is focused on commercial and company law in the audio-visual, telecommunications, sports and IT sectors. Leticia López-Lapuente's ongoing digital and data privacy advice to Repsol, Microsoft and Twitter continues to stand out, while Borja Sainz de Aja specialises in IP, competition and related litigation. At the associate level, Nerea Sanjuan has recently provided support to a number of telecoms and healthcare clients.

Practice head(s):

Pablo González-Espejo

Other key lawyers:

Borja Sainz de Aja; Leticia López-Lapuente; Nerea Sanjuan


‘Uría has a cohesive team that works wonders. They are great professionals and decisive people who provide exceptional service.’

‘People make organizations. At Uría, the people who make it up meet the highest standards.’

Key clients







Banco Santander



Unidad Editorial



Linea Directa


Work highlights

  • Advised Telefónica on its joint venture with Prosegur Alarmas for the provision of disruptive security services. Telefónica acquired 50% of Prosegur Alarmas for €300m, paid in Telefónica shares.
  • Assisted Facebook, Instagram and other group companies in digital-law related issues such as the launch in Spain of new AI-based services and products.
  • Advised Santander Consumer Finance on the design and launch of its new digital platform and business on e-mobility (WABI).

Clifford Chance

Clifford Chance draws on lawyers from across its departments to provide a comprehensive service to an impressive telecoms client base. Telefonica, Masmovil and Cellnex are among the companies that look to the services of the team, which is co-ordinated by telecoms and tech regulatory expert Jaime Almenar and often collaborates with the firm's wider office network. Carme Briera is also a key contact for telecoms regulatory matters.

Practice head(s):

Jaime Almenar

Other key lawyers:

Carme Briera

Key clients









Work highlights

  • Assisting Masmovil on the friendly €5bn takeover bid from KKR, Cinven and Providence.
  • Acted for Telefonica on the merger of its UK subsidiary O2 with Liberty Global’s Virgin Media.
  • Advised KKR on a €1.5bn bolt-on acquisition by Telxius. Telxius has agreed to acquire, from Telefonica’s subsidiary in Germany (O2 Deutschland), circa 10,100 mobile sites in Germany for €1.5bn.

CMS Albiñana y Suárez de Lezo

Operating from Madrid and Barcelona, CMS Albiñana y Suárez de Lezo's TMT team is notable for its regulatory advice in telecoms for both providers and investors. Jorge Sánchez leads that area of the practice from Barcelona and also has experience advising on telecoms infrastructure projects. His counterpart in Madrid is Javier Torre de Silva, whose regulatory telecoms clients include BT Spain and Echostar Mobile. On the technology side, María González Gordon is the key contact and led advice to Grupo Banco Sabadell on its €1bn agreement with IBM to transform its technological infrastructure.

Practice head(s):

Javier Torre de Silva; Jorge Sánchez

Other key lawyers:

María González Gordon


‘Huge professionalism and proactivity. We appreciate very much that CMS goes one step ahead on many occasions, anticipating our needs and always adapting to our peculiar ways of working. They make our work easier and we count on them as part of our team.’

‘One of the strengths in my opinion is the fast customer service, and enormous availability to adapt to internal deadlines. CMS manages to convey a feeling of trust.’

‘The CMS Albiñana team has the knowledge and skills necessary to provide efficient, practical and agile legal support, also focusing on relevant aspects for the business.’

‘Our main contact is Javier Torre. His knowledge and ability to manage the different teams of the office, in different matters, are one of the factors that make us consider CMS Albiñana as one of the preferred law firms in Spain.’

‘Their experience and knowledge is demonstrated in their answers and their approach to matters, which often go beyond legal advice and take into account the business vision. My team highlights its ability to integrate into multidisciplinary teams that include technical, commercial and business.’

‘It is a very dedicated team and it is very easy for us to work with. But we highlight: María González Gordon, a partner who really works on issues and is involved in the business. She anticipates problems, and seeks practical solutions to prevent or mitigate them. It has also been key in the negotiation of contracts with our main clients as well as in the legal disputes that we have had.’

‘It provides tailor-made solutions and makes in-depth analysis of the questions at stake.’

‘Javier Torre de Silva is an outstanding lawyer that provides a highly customized service of great quality. If a serious matter requires reliable advice, Javier is the right person to reach out to.’

Key clients

Algerie Telecom


Banco Sabadell

Grupo Atresmedia



British Telecom



Echostar Mobile, Ltd.

Marguerite Telecom III


Work highlights

  • Advising Algérie Telecomms on the deployment of urban fibre infrastructure and several interconnection agreements for the purposes of servicing an underwater fibre cable linking Europe and Africa.
  • Advising Grupo Banco Sabadell’s technology subsidiary on a €1bn agreement with IBM to transform its technological infrastructure and delve further into digitalisation and the use of big data.
  • Advising Wondo on its partnership with Israeli firm Moovit to launch a mobility service platform.


In advising Netflix on film production in Spain and assisting Airbnb with IP and e-commerce issues, Cuatrecasas has drawn on a multi-disciplinary team from its Madrid and Barcelona offices, jointly headed by Albert Agustinoy and Álvaro Bourkaib. Agustinoy is an IP and IT expert, with a notable specialism in the gambling industry, while Bourkaib has experience advising on transactions involving leading tech and entertainment companies. Alejandro Negro is another key contact, with extensive experience negotiating outsourcing contracts in the computer, audio-visual and recording sectors, covering contractual matters as well as litigation.

Practice head(s):

Albert Agustinoy; Álvaro Bourkaib

Other key lawyers:

Alejandro Negro

Key clients











Work highlights

  • Advising on selling Lycamobile’s Spanish division to MásMóvil.
  • Acted for Airbnb on all IP and e-commerce issues.
  • Advising Netflix on specific matters relating to international production of shooting films in Spain.

DLA Piper

DLA Piper has notable strength in technology matters, advising an increasingly diverse client base on complex projects, including domestic clients expanding their services abroad and international companies establishing operations in Spain. Diego Ramos leads the team and has over 20 years' experience in technology and privacy law, while on the media side he recently assisted Warner Bros on its activities in Spain. Paula González de Castejón is a name to note in the team; she has strong expertise in IP and technology, especially in the medical, pharmaceutical and biotech sectors.

Practice head(s):

Diego Ramos

Other key lawyers:

Paula González de Castejón


‘Diego Ramos is the smartest IP practitioner we have ever encountered. His legal and commercial advice is always helpful and spot on.’

Key clients


Warner Bros

Tata Consultancy Services

Information resources Inc





Técnicas Reunidas


Work highlights

  • Assisting Vodafone on regulatory matters of its operations in Spain.
  • Advising Warner Bros on the drafting and negotiation of agreements for its releases in Spain, as well as on the protection in-country of its media rights.
  • Advising Tata Consultancy Services on its operating agreements in Spain, particularly regarding agreements with large telecoms companies.

Gómez-Acebo & Pombo

'Exceptional lawyerAlmudena Arpón de Mendívil leads the TMT practice at Gómez-Acebo & Pombo, which has strong regulatory knowledge across the three industries. Technology, IP and data protection advice to digital start-ups has been a recent feature of the practice's work, with Arpón's corporate and commercial expertise supported by a strong pool of non-partner lawyers, from which public law-focused of counsel Ana Santamaría and data protection expert Bárbara Sainz de Vicuña stood out in 2020.

Practice head(s):

Almudena Arpón de Mendívil

Other key lawyers:

Ana Santamaría; Bárbara Sáinz de Vicuña


‘GA_P showed a deep knowledge of the telco business in Spain, great ability to negotiate against the largest multinational companies in the country, coordinate multi country operations, fully bilingual (SP/EN) as well as the ability to bring to the team expertise in other areas. Highly organized in due diligence and to quickly and accurately identify and prioritize red flags for our specific interests.’

‘Almudena and her team had a very pragmatic approach. The team was also quite perceptive about the issues that were most important to us.’

‘Almudena Arpón de Mendívil has been the lead in our work with GA_P. She is extremely fast in grasping what is important for our business. Very strategic and global business approach paired with attention to detail. Great team leader and great at communication with client, able to take on any issue/problem/question that we had and internally direct it to the appropriate resource, making our work and communication with GA_P more efficient.’

‘The law firm has an excellent professional attitude and reliability.’

‘The team from Gomez Acebo & Pombo gave us the confidence to work with them on any legal aspect our company needed. With Almudena Arpón leading all the works made for us we found a list of specialists on each field we need advice that made us be sure about our decisions.’

‘It is worth mentioning Almudena Arpón, always available and brilliant in her understanding of the business, being able to get the right advice with specific, balanced advice and in tune with the client’s needs. An excellent external lawyer.’

‘Almudena Arpón de Mendívil is an exceptional lawyer, very focused on results. She is pragmatic, understands matters immediately and deals with them in an easy and understandable way for clients. Her direct approach accompanied to a solid expertise makes her one of the best lawyers in the TMT area in the nation.’

‘Very strong TMT partners and team both in terms of quality, speed and delivery standards.’

Key clients






Work highlights

  • Advising Freeda on the development of actions to avoid copyright and image rights infringements in the digital market, and also on the review and implementation of the data protection policies.
  • Assisting Carrefour on the development and implementation of digital projects oriented towards its relationship with suppliers and consumers.
  • Advised Circulo Fortuny on matters related to technology, including on the adaptation of the different brands and institutions to the digital environment provoked to a large extent by Covid-19 requirements.

Ramón y Cajal Abogados

As technology has become increasingly important across various sectors, so the client base that instructs the tech-focused practice at Ramón y Cajal Abogados has diversified. Names in healthcare, real estate and energy were among those to call on the expertise of Norman HeckhAntonio de Mariano and their team. Heckh is especially strong in IT contracts, data protection and e-commerce, while de Mariano adds corporate and commercial experience. Senior associate María Luisa González provides key support on the range of IT matters.

Practice head(s):

Norman Heckh; Antonio de Mariano

Other key lawyers:

María Luisa González


‘Norman Heckh and his firm Ramón y Cajal Abogados understand very well to balance our international requirements with Spanish law and local business practices to ensure we don’t face any obstacles when signing up new clients. In fact, today we let them work quite autonomous based on our standard operating procedures.’

‘Great communicators, master several languages which helps us a lot.’

‘Great technical knowledge and eminently practical approach to the issues raised.’

‘Norman Heckh and María Luisa González form a great team, accessible and decisive. Their most valuable quality is the practical approach they give to the questions, without forgetting a rigorous technical analysis of them.’

‘The team made up of Norman Heckh and Maria Luisa Gonzalez is exceptional, humane and for many years it has helped us to successfully solve many issues that the company I represent has had to face. We have an excellent relationship and at all times they pay full attention to our difficulties, always giving us the best advice.’

‘The plus of Norman and Maria Luisa is their high professional and human level. In addition to being professionally efficient, we have an excellent relationship that gives us the confidence to continue with them without looking for alternatives.’

‘Norman Heckh is exceptionally responsive, diligent and reliable just as the law firm in total.’

‘The best office in my experience for regulatory issues and online gambling. They have a very good relationship with the regulator, they know how they think and they resolve issues in a short time with little resistance.’

Key clients



Merlin Properties

European Commission Directorate General for Communications Networks, Content and Technology

Sony Interactive Entertainment

Cores (Strategic Petroleum Reserves Corporation)

Zyx Mobile



Red Canary (Star Casino Group)

Soyou (joint venture Bankia and Crédit Agricole)

Iberia Express


Magic Leap


Net Entertainment

Applause Software

Network Steel Resources

Merkur Spain

Hospital de Toledo

Springer Sport Spain (Bet3000)

Optima Information Services

Work highlights

  • Assisted Vithas in the successful negotiation of the termination of main IT provision agreement of the company.
  • Assisted the European Commission Directorate General for Communications Networks, Content and Technology project on an assessment of the two finalised codes of conduct on data portability and cloud switching.
  • Advised Merlin Properties on the recovery of an important domain name for the company,


DWF-RCD formed after DWF and Rousaud Costas Duran merged in December 2019; its TMT offering has a technology focus, with notable strength in acting for start-ups and in the fintech sector. IT contracts, cybersecurity and license agreements are all regularly handled by the team, with practice head Ignasi Costas providing regulatory advice in the technology sector too. IT experts Carles Ros and Oscar Alegre are key contacts, and David Villa assists on corporate and M&A matters.

Practice head(s):

Ignasi Costas

Other key lawyers:

Carles Ros; Oscar Alegre; David Villa

Eversheds Sutherland Nicea

Eversheds Sutherland Nicea concentrates on the entertainment and media sector, with considerable expertise in IP and rights matters therein. Practice head Vicente Arias Máiz is well versed in local and international consulting, contract negotiation and litigation. GDPR and data privacy matters are also handled by the team, with senior associate Celia Bouzas a notable contact in this area.

Practice head(s):

Vicente Arias Máiz

Other key lawyers:

Celia Bouzas

Key clients

Sony ATV Music Publishing

Warner Music Spain

Emi Music Publishing

Warner Chappell Music Spain

Music Sales (now Wise Music)

Kobalt Music Group



Alfred García

Editorial Planeta

Work highlights

  • Advising Up Aganea on GDPR implementation and ongoing privacy matters.
  • Assisting Onmobile Global Spain on GDPR implementation and ongoing privacy matters, and acting for its parent company Onmobile Global on all value added services they manage for companies such as Telefónica and Vodaphone.
  • Acting for Veolia Group on its GDRP and Spanish Data Protection Act implementation for all the group’s companies in Spain.

EY Abogados

EY Abogados covers the full range of TMT and has a particular focus on digital transformations and the implementation of new technologies, with recent examples being AI and blockchain. Blanca Escribano heads the practice and has over 20 years' experience advising clients in the three TMT sectors on commercial, regulatory and litigation mandates. Counsel Sofía Fontanals is also a key contact, with experience drafting and negotiating commercial agreements, and advising on regulatory and compliance issues.

Practice head(s):

Blanca Escribano

Other key lawyers:

Sofía Fontanals


‘Good team. Good knowledge. Quick in execution.’

‘Blanca Escribano, very good, available, with criteria, close, person who always tries to find solutions.’

Key clients


Evolutio Cloud Enabler (formerly BT España)

Liga Española de Fútbol Profesional (LaLiga)

Association of Publishers (AMI)


Axpo Iberia

Ingeniería y Técnica del Transporte, TRIA

Illy Caffè

Wakopa Eagle

Grupo Prensa Ibérica Media

Work highlights

  • Acting for Evolutio Cloud Enabler on a compliance project resulting from BT’s sale of domestic operations in Spain to Portobello Capital.
  • Assisted Grupo Prensa Ibérica Media on legal and regulatory advice on programmatic advertising and data analytics matters and contracts.
  • Advising Asociación de Medios de Información (AMI) on its day-to-day tech and IP matters.

Hogan Lovells International LLP

As part of its IP, media and technology practice, Hogan Lovells International LLP's TMT industry work has a strong IT and data privacy focus, reflected in the expertise of practice head Gonzalo F Gállego , who also has strength in cybersecurity and advertising. IT contract and Software as a Service (SaaS) agreement negotiations have featured heavily in the firm's recent work for its client base of major tech firms and multinationals in other sectors.

Practice head(s):

Gonzalo F Gállego


‘What we value the most in the team has been the closeness, knowledge, flexibility and agility with which they attend to our requests. It is a unique combination that we have only found in them.’

‘They are an excellent team, very practical, with a great vision of the TMT industry, but also financial (with very fine knowledge of issues related to outsourcing, cloud and EEFF regulation).’

‘In terms of IT and personal data protection, Hogan Lovells has a specialization, experience and knowledge in the matter above the average of other large firms.’

‘Closeness, empathy, very practical and international vision of matters. It is a pleasure working with them.’

‘Gonzalo F Gallégo: Very agile, close, interested in knowing the specific needs of the company, and directly involved in ensuring that the service provided is of the highest quality.’

‘Gonzalo F Gallégo: His knowledge in a matter as complex as IT and data protection. His expertise, accessibility, availability and commitment to the client and his empathy to understand emergencies in the need to deliver work on his part.’

Key clients

Acciona Energía

Clarity AI



Fomento de Construcciones y Contratas (FCC)


Work highlights

  • Acted for Spanish multinational Fomento de Construcciones y Contratas (FCC) on the review and negotiation of several contracts concerning IT services.
  • Advised Repsol on a system integration agreement in connection with a contact centre based on SaaS technology.
  • Assisted Clarity AI on the review and negotiation of several IT and SaaS agreements concerning the day-to-day activity of the company.


Public law assistance on transactions in the TMT industry and IP tech advice make up the bulk of Pérez-Llorca's work in the field. Counsel Andy Ramos Gil de la Haza is an expert in the technology sector and led advice on the establishment of an association for on-demand content providers. M&A and capital markets partner Pedro Fernández is also a key contact for TMT. José Ramón de Hoces departed the firm in 2020 to join El Corte Inglés.

Other key lawyers:

Pedro Fernández; Andy Ramos Gil de la Haza

Key clients

Asociación Española de Videojuegos – AEVI

Thinking Heads Group, S.L.

Comunidad Filmin, S.L.

Bimbo Donuts Iberia, S.A.U.

Asociación Española de Video-On-Demand – AEVOD

Globalvia Inversiones, S.A.

Orbital Ads, S.L.

Imagina Sistemes, S.L.

Powereducation, S.L.

Work highlights

  • Advised Cellnex on multiple transactions in the passive telecommunications infrastructure sector.
  • Advised MásMóvil on the acquisition of the Spanish branch of Lycamobile group (a virtual mobile operator operating under the Lycamobile brand).
  • Acted for multiple internet video OTTs (including Filmin, Netflix and AMC) during the establishment of the Spanish Video-On-Demand Association, the main entity that represents these national and international online operators in Spain.

Santiago Mediano Abogados

IT and digital technology are the focus of Santiago Mediano Abogados' TMT practice, which has recently advised a number of new clients on matters related to privacy for companies launching new remote services in light of the pandemic. E-commerce and regulatory advice in technology, as well as entertainment-sector funding and IP issues are also frequently handled by the team. Juan Carrasco leads on IT and tech, while Santiago Ilundáin and Santiago Mediano are the contacts to note for media and entertainment.

Practice head(s):

Juan Carrasco; Santiago Ilundáin

Other key lawyers:

Santiago Mediano

Key clients

Sonar Festival (Advanced Music)


Instituto de Censores Jurados de Cuentas de España

Prosegur Seguridad

Fundación Lovexair


Entradas Eventim

Internetsia – ISDI

Impact Accelerator

Cialfo PTE