Shipping: foreign firms in Singapore

HFW Singapore LLP

HFW Singapore LLP has a global commitment to maritime law, providing a genuine full service offering to the marine sector in Singapore and Southeast Asia. This includes dry shipping, ship finance and admiralty cases. Toby Stephens leads the Singapore shipping practice and has deep experience in marine and energy casualties in Southeast Asia. John Forrester is a leader in ship finance, notably in export credit supported financings. Chris Metcalf brings extensive dry shipping expertise to the team, and Siri Wennevik is another experienced name in ship finance.

Practice head(s):

Toby Stephens; John Forrester

Other key lawyers:

Chris Metcalf; Siri Wennevik


‘Very easy to talk with and explanations are commercially explained which easily allows determination to try to avoid unnecessary legal arguments to brew.’

‘John Forrester: he is a very knowledgeable lawyer who not only understands the legal aspects but also the commercial side of a transaction, with a pragmatic and problem-solving approach. Despite his heavy workload, he is always on top of his things, always accessible and always goes the extra mile to achieve the best result. Another aspect that makes John stand out compared to many other partners of global law firms I have come across: he is an honest person who values long-term relationships. John is my trusted lawyer and first call in Singapore when it comes to shipping/ship finance law matters.’

Key clients

PPL Shipyard Pte Ltd

Oman Shipping Company S.A.O.C.

Hill Dickinson LLP

Hill Dickinson LLP has a substantial team of shipping specialists, including maritime and international trade experts. In 2021, the team deepened its focus on commodities with the hire of two senior commodities specialists from in-house positions, Devottam Sengupta and Iain Sharp, covering the trade finance and disputes fronts. It has continued to land a steady pipeline of big-ticket wet shipping engagements. Andrew Lee became managing partner of the Singapore office following Tony Goldsmith‘s relocation back to London; he continues to cover a mix of contentious and advisory matters in the marine, trade and energy sectors. Ian Maclean is a hugely experienced master mariner with a broad commercial and admiralty practice. Shanna Ghose is an emerging partner and Thaddaeus Wee is a prominent senior associate. Sumeet Malhotra left for Watson Farley & Williams LLP in August 2021.

Practice head(s):

Andrew Lee

Other key lawyers:

Ian MacLean; Hong Bin Choi; Shanna Ghose; Chris Quennell; Thaddaeus Wee; Jade Chia; Kunho Park


‘Highly responsive and very practical commercial advice.’

‘A large Singapore based team, with genuine partner-led involvement in each case.’

‘I think the Hill Dicks team is the best overall for shipping in Singapore. Like the other elite international shipping firms based in the region, they are top-notch shipping lawyers. What sets them apart is the deep knowledge and understanding of the shipping industry in practice. Two of their biggest hitters are master mariners, with considerable real-life experience at sea – Tony Goldsmith [relocated to London] and Ian Maclean. That knowledge and experience means they are second to none when it comes to contentious shipping work.’

‘Excellent – first-rate legal, mariner and ship management expertise all in one place. Unparalleled and why go elsewhere?’

‘Andrew Lee – vastly experienced and well regarded throughout Asia. Shanna Ghose – making a name for herself both as a lawyer and increasingly as an arbitrator. Chris Quennell – a very well known name and respected for his diverse experience. Jade Chia – an up and coming name for the future. Kunho Park – a diligent and hard-working associate.’

‘Andrew Lee is very smart and commercially astute. He leads the team well and ensures that everyone is pulling in the right direction to get a good result.’

‘Ian MacLean – stands out from the rest: a master mariner who also truly understands the law and has a remarkable sense of judgment. He would always be my first recommendation, and is a joy to work with as a barrister.’

‘Ian MacLean is a superb lawyer and has extraordinarily encyclopaedic knowledge, the product of his vast experience both at sea and ashore, and a considerable volume of major casualties which he has handled around the world.’

‘Shanna Goshe – a trusted lawyer who fully deserves her reputation as a first-rate lawyer. Her technical knowledge and commercial approach has been instrumental in resolving disputes. She has a keen eye on the overall strategy, knowing when to apply pressure and when to keep a low profile – seeing excellent results on cases. Thaddaeus Wee – is a standout lawyer with his commercial mindset towards shipping and trade work, blending it seamlessly with his in-depth legal knowledge. Advice is timely, practical and pinpoint. We turn to him for a broad range of issues, especially in the APAC region. He has also been excellent in dealing with and advising on disputes arising from COVID-19 – a novel and unsettled aspect of the law.’

Key clients

Thomas Miller / UK P&I Club

Ocean Sparkle Limited

ONE – Ocean Network Express

Britannia P&I Club

Japan P&I Club

Steamships / Pacific Towing

Hydor AS

Greenbay Marine Pte Ltd

Samsung Heavy Industries Co. Ltd

Mercantile & Maritime Group

Stephenson Harwood LLP

Stephenson Harwood LLP has one of the largest shipping teams in the market, covering ship finance through to traditional shipping disputes. The Singapore group has experienced a significant uptick in big-ticket disputes, including representing two major secured lenders on the collapse of Hin Leong Trading, its vessel ownership group Xihe Holdings and its bareboat charterer Ocean Tankers. The practice evolved from a largely bank-focused team to a more evenly balanced emphasis with growth in shipowner representation. It has also significantly expanded its engagements from Chinese lessors. The group is also noted for commodities-related litigation, including misdelivery claims. Gregg Johnston is a leader in international ship and offshore finance. Iain Young is another senior ship finance specialist and Huay Yee Kwan is the key name for China leasing engagements. Michelle Yong and John Simpson are noted for shipping, oil and gas and international trade disputes. Gregory Xu is recognised for offshore oil and gas financings, including FPSOs, FSRUs and LNG vessels. Pedram Norton and Jeffrey Tanner impress at senior associate level.

Practice head(s):

Gregg Johnston

Other key lawyers:

Iain Young ; Huay Yee Kwan Michelle Yong ; John Simpson; Gregory Xu; Pedram Norton; Jeffrey Tanner


‘Very knowledgeable on shipping and always acting in the client’s best interests. The team is very responsive and timely in terms of follow-up.’ 

‘SH has a partner-driven practice that is extremely capable and highly responsive. They were totally committed to working hard, regardless of the time of day, to get the deal over the line. They are creative, adaptable and use their initiative to deliver high-quality results every time.’

‘Gregg Johnston stand out and values his expertise and honesty. Always meeting deliverables and working hard on the transaction.’

‘Gregg Johnston for his deep ship finance experience stretching close to 2 decades in Asia, as well as an experienced team in Matthew Seah and Pedram Norton.’

‘Michelle Yong is our go-to partner. She is extremely dedicated, smart and tenacious. She is a very tough negotiator on our behalf and finds creative solutions to achieve our goals.’

‘Pedram Norton is very approachable and goes the extra mile to get the transaction done. You always feel to be in good hands working with Pedram. Gregg Johnston is a highly recommended partner who is very knowledgeable and involved in the transactions he is working on.’

‘John Simpson – incisive all-round maritime lawyer.’

‘Iain Young is very experienced and a general steady hand, and well known in the market.’

Key clients

Skandinaviska Enskilda Banken AB (publ), Singapore Branch

Hafnia Limiited

Credit Agricole Corporate & Investment Banks

ING Bank

National Australian Bank



Paragon Outcomes

Standard Chartered Bank

BNP Paribas

Societe Generale


BW LPG Limited

The Korea Development Bank

The Export-Import Bank of Korea

DVB Bank

Work highlights

  • Advised SEB and a syndicate comprising five banks and financial institutions on a $155m loan facility to part-finance Epic Gas Ltd’s acquisition of Lauritzen Kosan’s fleet of 17 owned vessels.
  • Advised Hafnia Limited on a $374m sustainability-linked term loan and revolving credit facility.
  • Acted for two major secured lenders on the collapse of a well-known Singapore oil trader (Hin Leong Trading), its related vessel ownership group (Xihe Holdings) and its related bareboat charterer (Ocean Tankers).

Campbell Johnston Clark Singapore LLP

Campbell Johnston Clark Singapore LLP has a team of experienced partners, covering both wet and dry shipping; in addition, it benefits from the presence of master mariner Andrew Shannon. Leading name Paul Apostolis has extensive experience in maritime casualties, including offshore facilities and FPSOs. William Pyle provides further senior-level expertise in shipping and international trade, and Gareth Williams is a recognised leader in shipbuilding contract disputes, marine insurance claims, cargo claims and commodity trading disputes.

Other key lawyers:

Andrew Shannon; Paul Apostolis; William Pyle; Gareth Williams

Clyde & Co Clasis Singapore

Clyde & Co Clasis Singapore has a growing practice that is well connected to other offices in the region, notably Hong Kong, China, Australia and its associate firm in Kuala Lumpur. The Singapore team has a strong focus on commodities-related shipping and large-scale marine insurance work, often for P&I Clubs. The team is also increasingly active in the LNG shipping segment. Leon Alexander is a leading name in trade and commodities-related shipping matters, representing big commodities traders and several Japanese trading houses. Ik Wei Chong is also experienced in trade and commodities, particularly in China-related matters, along with having a deep emphasis on marine insurance. Nicholas Lum provides further shipping disputes expertise.

Practice head(s):

Ik Wei Chong; Leon Alexander

Other key lawyers:

Nicholas Lum


‘Forward-thinking and pro-active team. Strong in shipping and very knowledgeable on local and regional law and practices which is essential for this industry.’

‘Very on-the-ball with latest legal developments and good management skills.’

‘The practice has lawyers who are trained in or familiar with both common law jurisdictions and civil law jurisdictions, particularly People’s Republic of China (PRC). This is particularly relevant to companies like us with significant interests in the PRC or significant dealings with PRC parties. ’

‘Chong Ik Wei – his sound knowledge of maritime and shipping law of different jurisdictions e.g. Singapore, England and Wales, People’s Republic of China. He gives advice that is relevant and practical and he offers solutions to issues faced by the client. He gives an accurate assessment of the client’s position, which is what the client often actually needs to hear.’

‘Ik Wei is experienced in the APAC area. In Singapore, they are the go-to person for local advice.’

‘Leon Alexander has great knowledge, pedagogy and strategy to counsel his clients. He has always been very helpful, with relevant observations. He seems to be caring too and showing important human skills.’


Ince remains a force in Singapore, offering a rounded team of shipping and maritime specialists that have deep experience in the region and beyond; its affinity with the Asia Pacific region includes a strong emphasis on China-related matters. The firm benefits from its connection to Singapore law practice Incisive Law LLC, enabling a full-service shipping practice led by Singapore and international lawyers. Bill Ricquier is a senior name in non-contentious shipping matters, including ship finance and vessel construction contracts. Kimarie Cheang leads the China desk and has extensive experience in commodities and trade-related issues.

Other key lawyers:

Bill Ricquier; Kimarie Cheang

Norton Rose Fulbright

Norton Rose Fulbright is best known for ship finance and offshore oil and gas finance, including FPSOs and FSRUs. The Singapore group has experienced growth in sustainability-linked financings and has seen an expansion in Chinese leasing work following the arrival of Becky Tai  as a partner in Hong Kong. In restructurings and contentious work, Edgar Chin provides further support from the firm’s local Formal Law Alliance with Ascendant Legal LLC. On the corporate side, Stephen Woods has a long track record in shipping sector transactions. Ben Rose is head of shipping and offshore Asia, and Sue Ann Gan is another key name in ship finance and was promoted to partner in 2020.

Practice head(s):

Ben Rose

Other key lawyers:

Edgar ChinStephen Woods Sue Ann Gan ; Sophie Polisena


‘Worked with NRF for many years. They are professional, quick response and helpful.’

‘Friendly, approachable, flexible on billing.’

‘Sophie Polisena – sharp, quick turn around, approachable.’

‘Sophie Polisena is very helpful.’


Key clients

ING Bank N.V.

Standard Chartered Bank


BNP Paribas

DVB Bank

Axis Bank


Bank of Baroda

Korea Development Bank

DBS Bank

Reed Smith LLP

Reed Smith LLP has maintained a solid mix of wet and dry shipping engagements, with Richard Lovell bringing decades of experience on the wet side and Simon Spells reinforcing the dry segment, having joined from Bryan Cave Leighton Paisner LLP. The firm continues to land big-ticket cases in Southeast Asia and beyond, with its strong connections to owners and insurers. Dan Perera left for HFW Singapore LLP in February 2021.

Practice head(s):

Richard Lovell

Other key lawyers:

Simon Spells


‘Reed Smith’s approach is unique, it is not just another customer, transactional service but a true partnership based on relationships and finding solutions. Their capabilities and expertise are wide and varied covering all aspects of ship operations, compliance and industry regulatory change. We rely and depend on this partnership and advice ensuring our business is compliant and forward thinking preparing for the future, well in advance.’

‘Reed Smith has a worldwide legal network, and clients who wish to gather legal opinion from several jurisdictions can be provided with a one-stop service from them.’

‘We have found that Reed Smith Singapore has been quite prompt in providing answers to our inquiries. They are assisted by local firm Resource Law who is also quite efficient.’

‘Richard Lovell and Antonia Panayides (London partner) – both go the extra mile to ensure the services provided are of the highest standard. ReedSmith provides a very good service and as long as this continues the relationship will flourish.’

Richard Lovell is familiar with Japanese business culture and he is able to provide professional advice in an understandable way to Japanese businesses. Also, his flexibility regarding professional fees is notable.’

‘Richard Lovell stands out with his experience, deep knowledge and calm demeanour.’

Squire Patton Boggs

Squire Patton Boggs is a go-to advisor in the shipping market globally and in Singapore specifically. It assembled an experienced team that covers the spectrum of wet and dry matters, along with ship and vessel finance, shipbuilding contracts and ship management contracts. The firm is also at the forefront of commodities-related work with office managing partner Barry Stimpson having a fine background in shipping and commodities disputes, while Kate Sherrard, recently hired from Clifford Chance, brings further expertise in the financing of maritime and offshore oil and gas assets. Chris Swart is also noted for shipping and international trade disputes and Jessica Kenworthy is also a key team member.

Practice head(s):

Barry Stimpson; Chris Swart; Jessica Kenworthy; Kate Sherrard



‘Barry Stimpson is always available and makes the necessary call in a timely manner when trade timelines require. Great knowledge of the area and always a pleasure to use.’

‘Our working experience with Mr Swart/Mr John Rollason [London] and the team has been excellent. Mr Swart and Mr Rollason are highly experienced senior lawyers and apart from having been provided with very helpful and constructive legal advice, they also understand our business very well so they are able to connect the legal side of things with commercial considerations and practices. They are always available for phone- and video calls or for in-person meetings. We have not made out any weaknesses so far.’

‘We have worked with Mr Swart and Mr Rollason for a longer time now and are very confident not only of their professional capabilities but also appreciate their personalities and good characters which we value and trust.’

Key clients

Berlian Laju Tankers/Shipowners’ Protection P&I Club

CBH Grain

Mercantile & Marine

Vale International SA

Asia Coal Energy / Argyle Street Management

Work highlights

  • Acted for Berlian Laju Tankers in claims against Petronas and Schlumberger relating to the detention of the vessel MT “Celosia” and her crew by Thai customs authorities in connection with the alleged smuggling of a cargo of oil by Schlumberger.
  • Acted for Asia Coal Energy Ventures Limited (ACE), the successful first defendant, in a $70m claim brought by Raiffeisen Bank International AG arising out of ACE’s takeover in 2015 of Asia Resource Minerals plc, the indirect owner of PT Berau Coal.
  • Advised the lenders in respect of the financing of the conversion of the LNG carrier Gimi into an FLNG vessel, to be operated by BP on the Greater Tortue / Ahmeyim Project located on the Mauritania and Senegal maritime border.

Watson Farley & Williams LLP

Watson Farley & Williams LLP is primarily known for ship finance know-how in Singapore, thanks to its sizeable team of experienced partners led by senior figure Goh Mei Lin. The firm has also developed a name for itself in the offshore oil and gas sector and LNG market. It has a hugely impressive lender client base, routinely engaging the firm on big-ticket ship financings; this is complemented by a series of prominent shipowner clients. Mehraab Nazir is another established name in ship finance, while Andrew Nimmo has made a big impression in offshore oil and gas matters. Simon Petch is also experienced in ship finance and other transactional engagements.

Practice head(s):

Goh Mei Lin

Other key lawyers:

Mehraab Nazir; Andrew Nimmo; Simon Petch; Ee Ling Goh


‘The team is responsive and proactive in handling matters.’

‘The best service would be through the personal engagement that Andrew Nimmo maintains with clients especially when he is fully engaged for the work. This, coupled with easy access to his advice is the best ‘sale service’ provided to clients, especially during urgent requirements.’

‘Simon Petch and Ee Ling Goh are standout performers.’

Key clients

Bank of America NA

Citibank N.A.

National Australia Bank Limited

Standard Chartered Bank

Wan Hai Lines (Singapore) Pte Ltd


Credit Agricole Asia Shipfinance Limited

Danish Ship Finance

Development Bank of Japan

Dorian LPG Ltd.

DVB Bank SE Singapore Branch

Grindrod Shipping Holdings Ltd.

ING Bank N.V., Singapore Branch


Oversea- Chinese Banking Corporation Ltd

Reliance Industries

Société Générale

Standard Chartered Bank, Tokyo Branch

Teekay Offshore Partners L.P.

Wikborg Rein

Wikborg Rein has cemented its position in the market with ‘its deep knowledge of the shipping industry on both wet and dry matters,’ including a significant number of casualties and maritime disputes. It also continues to evolve its standing in transactional and project matters, including in the offshore segment; specialist counsel Lesley Tan has transferred to Singapore from London to reinforce this side of the practice. The Singapore team has an impressive client base of international shipowners and insurers. Ina Lutchmiah leads the transactional practice in Asia Pacific, with a particular focus on LNG projects and offshore energy transactions. Robert Joiner impresses in dry side shipping disputes.

Practice head(s):

Ina Lutchmiah

Other key lawyers:

Matthew Dow; Lesley Tan; Robert Joiner


‘Wikborg Rein’s strength lies in its deep knowledge of the shipping industry on both wet and dry matters, the calibre and responsiveness of its lawyers and their focus on the underlying commercial issues.’

‘The team is small but punches above its weight in providing a high level of service and support to clients.’

‘The main reason for instructing WR in my cases is that they have an outstanding knowledge of the trio: Norway-UK-Singapore(Asia). They have good knowledge and contacts locally and at the same time understand the Norwegian market and the English law. WR has built a network of offices worldwide with skilled lawyers that operate as a team regardless of where they are located providing advice, support and flexibility whenever needed.’

‘Ina Lutchmiah is not only a good lawyer, but very solution oriented and focuses on finding a sensible way forward instead of being caught up in the issues.’

‘Matthew Dow was recommended to me by a colleague. Mathew has shown good legal skills, management of expectations and coordination of the various stakeholders (in different jurisdictions-cultural background), shown availability at all times and providing clear and timely reporting skills.’

Key clients

Gard P&I

North of England P&I

Navios Shipmanagement

Wellard Singapore

Japan P&I

MS Amlin

Atlantic, Gulf & Pacific (AG&P)

Teekay Corporation

Belships ASA

Delta Tankers

Marmaras Navigation

Marine Trust Limited Yes

West of England


Work highlights

  • Advised Diamond Star Shipping Pte Ltd and Japan P&I on claims made for misdelivery of cargo and LOI claims down the chain of charterparties.
  • Advised AG&P on its long-term charter from the Abu Dhabi National Oil Co (ADNOC) of a Floating Storage Unit (FSU) for AG&P’s new LNG import terminal located within Karaikal Port in Puducherry, India.
  • Advised BW on the transboundary movement of the Berge Helene FPSO from Singapore to India for recycling.

Kennedys Legal Solutions

Kennedys Legal Solutions is a recognised force in shipping in Singapore, particularly in marine insurance. It represents many of the biggest P&I Clubs and marine insurers that are active in the region, along with a range of shipowners, charterers and other parties. The Singapore team has an established record in cases across Southeast Asia and North Asia; especially Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Japan and South Korea. Karnan Thirupathy and Nick Francis have extensive contacts across Asia Pacific and have established a reputation.

Practice head(s):

Nick Francis; Karnan Thirupathy


‘Specialist marine and insurance outfit and they have specialist lawyers covering the nitty-gritty aspects for a wide range of disputes/ legal problems faced by insurers / P&I Clubs.’

‘Plenty of knowledge and experience about both Singapore law and English law.’

‘Good communications with clients.’

‘Karnan Thirupathy – able to render detailed advice under time pressure and quick turnaround time.’

Key clients

Japan P&I

Standard Club

Pan Ocean

Korea P&I

Britannia P&I

North of England P&I

Charterers P&I

West of England P&I


CNA Hardy

Allied World Assurance Company

Vitol Asia

Asia Capital Reinsurance

Gard P&I

The Swedish Club

MS Amlin



Omegra Shipping Pte Ltd

Agrocorp International Pte Ltd

Clearlake Shipping / Gunvor Group

Brit Insurance

Oldendorff Carriers

Mariana Express Lines

Emirates National Oil Company

Daelim Corporation

Evergreen Line

Skuld P&I

Mansel Ltd


Ping An Property & Casualty Insurance

Berkshire Hathaway Specialty Insurance

Work highlights

  • Acted for Clearlake Shipping in relation to proceedings brought against it by Trafigura and brought by it against Petrobras in relation to letters of indemnity and misdelivery of oil cargo.
  • Acted for Indian Owners in an SIAC arbitration with the charterers in relation to non-performance under a COA.
  • Advised Maritime Labour Convention Underwriters on dealing with issues arising from the abandonment of over 200 crew by owners of the cruise ship Oriental Dragon and its subsequent arrest in Penang, Malaysia.

Penningtons Manches Cooper LLP

Penningtons Manches Cooper LLP has a strong track record in casualty work, as part of a wider practice in marine, shipping and offshore disputes. Lead partners Johan Wong and Steffen Pedersen are English qualified, but have spent their entire legal careers in Asia; Wong is also qualified in Singapore and Pedersen in Hong Kong and Nauru. The team is also known for its expertise in arbitrations, along with fraud and mis-delivery claims in China and Southeast Asia; this includes acting for a client in a cross border dispute arising out of the $3.6bn Hin Leong fraud.

Practice head(s):

Johan Wong; Steffen Pedersen


‘Very responsive to clients needs and professional advices setting out options and clear recommendations.’

‘Johan Wong – personable and with high expertise in the required maritime law areas.’

Key clients

London P&I

Western Bulk

West of England P&I



Japan P&I



The Swedish Club


MISC Berhad


Somerset Maritime Pte Ltd / ENEOS

Odyssey Maritime Pte Ltd

MTM Trading LLC

Hong Lam Marine Pte Ltd

Work highlights

  • Defended Somerset Maritime Pte Ltd against HSBC and SCB under bills of lading, and bringing claims for indemnity down the line chain against Indonesian charterers, as part of the high value and significant cross border dispute arising out of the $3.6bn Hin Leong fraud.
  • Advised Pacific Success Maritime Corporation (part of OAM Group) on the defence of a freezing injunction in Singapore and misdelivery claim in arbitration, which has become a bigger case with issues of undisclosed principal, arbitration jurisdiction, and fraud in issuing bills of lading.
  • Assisted the owners and insurers of a fully laden crude oil tanker following a main engine breakdown off Australia to deal with all aspects of the casualty, including the investigation into causation, transhipment of the cargo and defending claims from the cargo interests arising from the delayed delivery of the cargo.

RPC Premier Law

RPC Premier Law is a prominent firm in marine insurance, along with having a fine standing in broader wet and dry shipping. It represents a variety of international underwriters, P&I Clubs, shipowners, charterers, freight forwarders, cargo recovery agents, banks and trading companies. Gerald Yee has helped grow the practice, since joining it in 2019, while Iain Anderson is also praised by clients for his marine insurance expertise; this includes offshore energy insurance experience.

Practice head(s):

Gerald Yee

Other key lawyers:

Iain Anderson


‘The greatest asset of this team is its people. The lawyers whom we use are very conscious of finding win-win outcomes without having to resort to litigation, which is what is favoured most times. They have proven time and time again to provide practical solutions to issues, which could easily have spiralled into protracted litigation.’

‘Specific mention to Iain Anderson – no problem/claim is too hard. He is able to view our claims from a claims handler’s viewpoint due to his past experience as a hull adjuster himself. His deep understanding of the marine insurance industry, how it operates and the outcomes that we are looking for is second to none.’

Key clients

Ocean Import & Export


Allied World (AWAC)

MS Amlin


Ocean Import & Export

Work highlights

  • Acted for Cast Launch Services Pte Ltd in seeking damages as a result of a collision between the harbourcraft SEASWIFT PRUDENCE and the client’s harbourcraft CAST THOMSON.
  • Acted for Ocean Import & Export Pte. Ltd. seeking losses arising out of the damage to cargo that was shipped by the client under a contract of carriage between the claimant and the 1st defendant who in turn sub-contracted the carriage to the 2nd defendant.
  • Acted for an insured which was sued for mis-delivery of a cargo of automobiles, which were shipped by the insured and for which the insured had issued the bill of lading.