Energy (excluding oil and gas) in Scotland

Brodies LLP

Brodies LLP undertakes a broad breadth of work though is particularly formidable in the onshore wind, tidal stream, hydro, heat project and pump storage fields. Keith Patterson operates across project finance, M&A, construction and build out and power purchase matters; he heads the practice alongside Kirsty Macpherson, a projects specialist who caters to developers and landowners alike, often receiving support from managing associate Claire Reid. Sarah-Jane McArthur provides the team with low carbon energy project, renewable subsidy scheme and regulatory prowess and the group is also highly reputed for its activities within the power purchase agreements field.

Practice head(s):

Keith Patterson; Kirsty Macpherson

Other key lawyers:

Sarah-Jane McArthur; Alix Bearhop; Claire Reid


‘Very flexible to our needs and always looking for ways to improve their service to us.’

‘Relatively good value and able to turn around work in fewer billed hours than competitors.’

‘Alix Bearhop is an excellent advisor and is willing and able to give opinions on the level of legal risk around decisions rather than just always push for the most conservative position.’

‘Detailed knowledge of land agreements for renewable installations based on many years’ experience, and acting for landowners and developers. Thorough and diligent, fully committed.’

‘Kirsty Macpherson – drive, dedication, commitment, expert knowledge.’

‘Claire Reid – thorough, easy to work with, responsive, good manner, pragmatic.’

‘This firm always responds within 24 hours. They work with the client to attain the end goals and are approachable and take on any feedback.’

‘Sarah-Jayne McArthur is a credit to her company with prompt responses, efficient and collaborative working style and an open and easy to communicate with manner. I have worked with a vast number of Solicitors and she stands head and shoulders above most for her interpersonal skills and knowledge.’

Key clients

Vattenfall Wind Power Limited



Gresham House

Ventient Energy

Banks Renewables

Vattenfall Heat


Clydesdale Bank

Aker Solutions

Naval Energies

Statera Energy

Work highlights

  • Acting for Vattenfall Wind Power Limited, one of Europe’s largest offshore wind developers and Swedish utility providers, in the ScotWind Offshore Wind Tender and Joint Venture.
  • Acting for Banks Renewables Limited, a leading independent renewables developer, on the construction, financing and sale of Kype Muir Extension Wind Farm.
  • Acting for Ørsted Onshore A/S, a leader in the global energy transformation to renewables, on its acquisition of Ireland and UK onshore wind power platform from Brookfield Renewable.


Hailed for its ‘considerable sector knowledge’, CMS operates across a vast quantity of energy sub-sectors; examples include on and offshore wind, electricity transmission, solar and hydro, biomass and biogas, floating wind and district hearing. Chris McGarvey provides specialist knowledge in respect of process engineering projects and, bolstered by the firm’s expansive international network, has developed a track record in overseeing power projects across Europe, South America and Sub-Saharan Africa. Elsewhere, Gordon Hay is reputed within the sector for his finance expertise meanwhile Robin Hutchinson serves as a go-to for planning and consenting matters at power stations, wind farms and electricity networks. The team is also able to draw from the firm’s wider real estate, finance, planning, health and safety, disputes and projects expertise and has recently noted an uptick in its work within the hydrogen, renewable heat and interconnector fields; it also benefits from considerable depth beyond partner level and is home to of counsel Kirsty Nurse, an ‘outstanding‘ projects lawyer.

Practice head(s):

Gordon Hay; Jenny Allan; Robin Hutchison; Chris McGarvey; David McGowan; Claire Wallis; Christine Worthington; Mark Kirke; Frank Fowlie; Darren Craig

Other key lawyers:

Kirsty Nurse


‘Everything you would expect from an outfit like CMS, but with a little more charm than most.’

‘Flexible approach to fees and making deals work. A strong partnership has been built over the last 10 years. They know energy and are quick to respond on potentially difficult issues. They are commercial rather than being purely legal. They set out the risks and then offer suggestions as to how to proceed.’

‘Kirsty Nurse – outstanding projects lawyer. Always quick to respond and understands what is required.’

‘Gordon Hay is a key relationship builder. Instills confidence in his and our team.’

‘The team’s strength is the considerable sector knowledge that it demonstrates.’

Key clients

SSE Renewables

The Farm Energy Company

Icon Infrastructure Management

SSEN Transmission

IB Vogt GmbH

Scottish Widows/ Lloyds Banking Group

Close Leasing

Clydesdale Bank

Community Windpower

Scottish Offshore Wind Energy Council / Crown Estate Scotland

BP Gas Marketing

Equitix TEPC Consortium

EDF Renewables

Flotation Energy / Cobra

National Grid

Storegga – Pale Blue Dot

Thanet, Gwynty-y-Mor and Humber Gateway OFTOs

Work highlights

  • Advised SSE and Equinor on planning and real estate matters for Dogger Bank C offshore windfarm, a 1.2GW project forming part of the world’s largest offshore windfarm.
  • Advising Equitix TEPCO Consortium on their bid to acquire the 857 MW Triton Knoll Offshore Wind Farm Transmission assets.
  • Advising National Grid on all onshore and offshore planning matters in respect of the Scotland England Green Link 1 and the Scotland to England Green Link 2 projects.

Pinsent Masons LLP

National firm Pinsent Masons LLP is famed for its ‘strong renewables sector experience and excellent team credentials’. Ian McCarlie fronts the onshore renewables team, acting on an array of joint venture, project acquisition and development, procurement, construction and fundraising affairs. As for Ronan Lambe, he has developed a formidable reputation in respect of corporate power purchase agreements and also leads the energy networks and regulation group, a position which naturally sees him engaged on a wealth of regulatory affairs. The practice routinely acts on an array of market leading M&A and finance matters and is also home to Jennifer Ballantyne; she spearheads the national energy property practice which caters to landowners, developers and funders on the planning, environmental and property aspects of major energy schemes.

Practice head(s):

Ian McCarlie; Ronan Lambe

Other key lawyers:

Jennifer Ballantyne; Gary McGovern; Rona Kostulin; Brian Thumath; David Ross


‘Strong renewables sector experience and excellent team credentials. Successfully combines sound legal advice with commercial appreciation.’

‘David Ross always does a great job on the property side.’

‘Excellent team offering innovative advice in a difficult fast changing and regulatory heavy environment.’

‘Goes the extra mile, sees things from our perspective and shares relevant news and insight proactively.’

Key clients

Statkraft UK Ltd

Ventus VCT plc

European Energy A/S

Tenaga Nasional Berhad (TNB)

National Westminster Bank plc, AIB Group (UK) p.l.c. and Banco de Sabadell S.A.

RWE Renewables UK Onshore Wind Limited

Orsted Wind Power A/S

Statkraft UK Ltd

RWE Renewables UK Developments Limited

Bluefield SIF Investments Limited

Work highlights

  • Advised Statkraft on the completion of the sale of the 36 MW operational Andershaw onshore windfarm project in Scotland to Greencoat for a purchase price of £121m.
  • Advised Denmark headquartered European Energy on a deal to purchase two operational wind farms and one operational solar park in Wales from Swedish utility, Vattenfall.
  • Advised Bluefield SIF Investments Limited on the acquisition of the Gladiator portfolio, which is a 109-turbine portfolio of small-scale onshore wind assets located across Great Britain and Northern Ireland, from Arena Capital Partners Ltd.

Shepherd and Wedderburn

Shepherd and Wedderburn operates across the offshore and floating wind, low carbon, transmission and onshore renewables sub-sectors, among others. Clare Foster leads the clean energy practice, also overseeing the project finance team, meanwhile Colin Robertson heads the energy real estate team and frequently supports on the property aspects of major renewable projects. Scott McCallum serves as head of the environmental team and routinely advises on consenting matters, both contentious and non-contentious, and the team is also home to Colin Innes, a planning lawyer with significant exposure to thermal plant, renewable energy and grid schemes. At the more junior end of the partnership spectrum, John Morrison garners recognition as a ‘leader‘ when it comes to energy-related corporate work. 

Practice head(s):

Clare Foster; Colin Robertson; Scott McCallum; Liz McRobb; Patricia Hawthorn; John Morrison; Gareth Parry; Colin Innes


‘Shepdherd and Wedderburn are a firm that goes on the journey with their client. The team work collaboratively with their client and always focus on where they can add value and provide the right level of support. If they don’t know the answer or do not have the expertise they are quick to admit this and then find the individual who needs to come into the team to guide a client.’

‘Liz McRobb  possesses a through understanding of the grid connection process in Scotland. This allows Liz advise clients on how to pivot and adapt to their development strategies to minimise risk and exposure to costs in the early development phase

‘Patricia Hawthorn – As a consenting specialist Patricia cuts through the issues and provides deep clarity in her assessment and analysis.’

‘John Morrison – As a commercial lawyer he is a leader in the Scottish field, supporting on clients structuring agreements.’

‘The team have been around many large infrastructure projects and understand the complexities across planning, regulation, policy and commercial areas, ensuring all senior members are fantastic advisors, which encourages all junior members to be enthusiastic learners.’

‘Liz McRobb in particular brings a depth of understanding and level head to complex discussions on often unique and challenging subject matter. Her calm and friendly manner also helps to defuse tension, helping our team to stay focused on the challenges at hand in a professional and engaging way.’

Key clients

Ocean Winds


Total Energies

Scottish National Investment Bank Limited

Energy Transition Zone

Green Investment Group

ScottishPower Renewables

Acciona Industrial S.A.

SP Energy Networks (SP Transmission plc)

Offshore Renewable Energy Catapult

Cierco Ltd

Fred Olsen Limited


Northland Power

Copenhagen Infrastructure Partners

Work highlights

  • Supporting Moray Offshore Windfarm (East) Limited (MOWEL) in the LIBOR transition of its financing arrangements in relation to one of the largest offshore wind farms in the UK.
  • Advising on all consenting, regulatory and property matters relating to Moray West Offshore Wind Farm (a subsidiary of Ocean Winds).
  • Lead adviser to the Scottish National Investment Bank on its investments into Forev, IndiNature, Nova Innovation and Iona Wind Partnership.

Addleshaw Goddard

‘Excellent across the board’, Addleshaw Goddard is a long-established player in the field of energy-related corporate transactions though has also significantly expanded its project development work over recent years. Alan Shanks is a transactional specialist in the primary and secondary markets of renewable energy assets, whereas Nick Taylor is a go-to for development project work including energy production facilities and onshore and offshore wind schemes; the pair co-lead the team alongside Sarah Baillie, a planning lawyer distinctly accredited by the Law Society of Scotland, as well as David McEwing who has transacted numerous acquisitions within the oilfield space.

Practice head(s):

Alan Shanks; Nick Taylor; Sarah Baillie; David McEwing

Other key lawyers:

Suzanne Moir; Anne Struckmeier


‘The team has a breadth of knowledge and experience which can be accessed when required.’

‘AG has a long pedigree in renewable energy projects so we don’t need to explain commercial context to them. All services are available under one roof.’

‘Nick Taylor and Alan Shanks have first-class commercial experience that shapes their legal advice. That approach makes AG a valuable adviser.’

‘It is the strength and depth of the team that stands out at Addleshaw Goddard. From senior partners to junior solicitors they all provide a very high level of customer awareness, rigor and professionalism.’

‘As a lead partner, Alan Shanks provides expert leadership to his team and guidance to his clients. His dedication to achieving results within exacting timescales is greatly appreciated.’

‘The Addleshaw Goddard team are excellent across the board. They combine leading technical legal expertise and experience with astute commerciality and in-depth knowledge of energy projects. The practices areas all work seamlessly with our in-house legal and business teams- they have a culture of working together to get the job done. Whether it’s a highly complex, novel project or transaction, its done with bench strength from high quality and passionate partner leaders.’

‘Sarah Baillie is high calibre with incredible expertise and experience on consenting matters for energy projects. She stands out as very personable and highly knowledgeable.’

‘The Addleshaw Goddard team are excellent across the board. They combine leading technical legal expertise and experience with astute commerciality and in-depth knowledge of energy projects. The practices areas all work seamlessly with our in-house legal and business teams- they have a culture of working together to get the job done. Whether it’s a highly complex, novel project or transaction, its done with bench strength from high quality and passionate partner leaders.’

Key clients

Red Rock Power

Vento Ludens Holding GmbH

SSE plc

3R Energy

Flotation Energy

Drax plc

Blue Water Energy

SGN plc

Trojan Energy Limited



Alcemi Storage Developments


Aberdeen City Council

Dundee City Council


Koehler Renewables

Work highlights

  • Advising SSE on a 2.6GW floating offshore wind farm off the coast of Scotland, one of the largest in Scotland.    
  • Advising Aberdeen City Council in relation to the Aberdeen Hydrogen Hub and the procurement of a strategic joint venture partner to work with the Council over the next 20 years to stimulate the supply and demand for green hydrogen.
  • Advising  SGN on its bid to Ofgem and the delivery of SGN’s most pioneering project to date, constructing a world-first green hydrogen heating network.

Burness Paull LLP

Burness Paull LLP, hailed as a ‘well-resourced practice with in-depth local and national expertise’, is acclaimed for its projects, regulatory, finance and energy transition expertise. Bob Ruddiman leads the department which, in addition to traditional energy, has accumulated significant exposure to new technologies such as floating offshore wind and battery storage. Peter Ward’s complete commitment to energy work has allowed him to develop expertise on a number of fronts including onshore wind, solar and marine projects, regulatory patters and M&A. Neil Bruce takes lead on the real estate aspects of major energy schemes meanwhile Sophie Coffey is a director with specialist knowledge of renewables finance.

Practice head(s):

Bob Ruddiman

Other key lawyers:

Tamar Tammes; Peter Ward; Neil Bruce; Sophie Coffey


‘I have worked with Burness Paull on a number of renewable energy projects. They have specialist knowledge and expertise in this area and understand the interests of both landowner and developer. This means that they are supportive of collaborative solutions to practical issues which delivers a document that is balanced and appropriate for property specific issues.’

‘Burness Paull allow their team to be specialists in their chosen fields which means that they can offer genuine legal experts. They are positive, friendly and approachable and fun to work with.’

‘Excellent renewable energy team, with strong partners in property, regulatory and banking in particular.’

‘Peter Ward’s knowledge of the corporate and regulatory side of the renewable energy market is encyclopaedic and he shares it with great clarity.’

‘Neil Bruce has great all-round knowledge of the renewable energy market outside of his property specialism and he is increasingly becoming an industry heavyweight in Scotland.’

‘The team are highly responsive and understand bankability issues in an energy sector context.

‘Neil Bruce and his team know the Scottish renewables market well – both the key players and the projects. They are friendly and approachable, and do a great job of communicating legal difficulties to commercial clients in a manner which is clear to understand.’

‘A well-resourced practice, with in-depth local and national expertise.’

Key clients

EDF Energy Renewables

Green Investment Group

Statkraft UK

Ventient Energy

Invenergy Wind Europe

Brockwell Energy


Fred Olsen Renewables

BayWa r.e. UK

Brookfield Renewables

Work highlights

  • Advised Brookfield in respect of all aspects of its disposal of six onshore wind farms, as part of a wider disposal together with twelve Irish onshore wind farms, to Danish developer Orsted in a £575m transaction.
  • Advising the University of St Andrews with regards to the joint venture arrangements, development, construction and offtake of electricity from the proposal solar PV project, being developed on University land.
  • Advised Brockwell Energy in relation to the development and project financing of their 240,000 tonne Energy from Waste Centre at Westfield.

Anderson Strathern

Anderson Strathern is active across onshore, offshore, grid rebalancing, marine renewables and hydrogen energy storage project matters, among others. Bruce Farquhar deploys his corporate expertise to support on an array of energy-related transactions meanwhile Martin Whiteford is routinely engaged on renewable energy projects, namely wind turbine, hydrogen fuel cell, solar and gas to grid schemes; the pair co-head the practice alongside Neil Farrell, a lawyer well-placed to support on the real estate aspects of major energy projects.

Practice head(s):

Bruce Farquhar; Neil Farrell; Martin Whiteford


‘All round very knowledgeable and first-class.’

‘Bruce Farquhar and the team have vast experience in the renewables field. They are buy far the best co we have used over the last 13 years working on renewable energy.’

‘Approach means senior people are heavily involved and it is not simply delegated to a graduate. It is always possible to reach a person for advice.’

‘They go the extra mile and solve problems. Bruce Farquhar and Martin Whiteford are exceptional.’

‘Expert knowledge of contracts within the energy market.’

‘Martin Whiteford, has a displayed a detailed and expert knowledge of a range of commercial contracts in relation to all forms of renewable energy.’

‘Very personal approach. Very capable and professional but without being adversarial with other parties.’

‘Martin Whiteford is excellent, he really knows his stuff when it comes to contracts but isn’t constrained by that knowledge to stick rigidly to what has been done before, exercising creativity as required.

Key clients

Aukera Energy


Oak & Green (O&G Group)

Ripple Energy

The Crown Estate Scotland (ocean energy and offshore wind)

Vento Ludens Limited/ Hydro Ludens Limited (German wind, solar and hydro developer)

Balmirmer Farms

LE20 Limited

European Energy A/S (Danish wind developer)

Locogen Limited (renewables developer and consultancy)

Greenforty Development Limited (biogas developer)

Power Circle (ESCO and virtual power plant provider)

ReFLEX Orkney Limited (developer of local energy systems)

Cloud Zuos (developer of local energy systems)

BlackRock (industry leading fund)

Bluefield Solar (industry leading fund)

NextEnergy (industry leading fund)

Encavis (DAX listed fund)

Eurowind (Danish wind and solar developer active in the UK)

Livos Renewables (wind farm and solar park developer)

Elgin Energy (Republic of Ireland solar park developer active in the UK)

Thöni Industriebetriebe Gmbh (Austrian technology provider and EPC contractor)

Longspur Capital (asset managers for a £150million portfolio of wind turbine projects)

Buccleuch Estates (landowner and developer)

iPower (solar park developer and community interest projects)

Buchan Biogas (gas-to-grid developer)

Cireco (Scotland) LLP

Bespoke Community Energy C.I.C

Scottish Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Association (industry body)

Emergya Wind Technology (Dutch wind turbine manufacturer)

Fife Council

Work highlights

  • Acting on behalf of Aukera UK Ltd, a new investment vehicle, in developing multiple wind and solar projects across the UK.
  • Advising Crown Estate Scotland on the Scotwind leasing round- granting property rights for seabed in Scottish waters for up to 10GW of new commercial scale offshore wind project development
  • Acting on behalf of new client, ECO Projects IOM Limited, in establishing a joint venture with Qair, a leading French based renewable energy group, to jointly develop, build, operate, and own a portfolio of onshore wind and solar assets in Scotland


Acclaimed for its ‘knowledge and connections within the energy industry’, Dentons supports on a wealth of domestic and international energy projects and transactions. The team, which is adept in conventional renewables, energy efficiency, energy transition and ESG, is led by David Cruickshank, an expert in respect of decarbonisation programs, hybrid PPA projects and renewable-related M&A.

Practice head(s):

David Cruickshank

Other key lawyers:

Carolyn Burns; Bill Fowler


‘Strong sector knowledge in partner David Cruikshank.’

‘Depth of knowledge and connections within the energy industry.’

‘Carolyn Burns – Knowledgeable, clear, approachable – I happily use her as effectively part of the in house team when engaging with policy clients.’

Work highlights

  • Acting as project counsel for Pale Blue Dot on the c.£4bn project development of the Acorn Carbon Capture & Storage project in Scotland.
  • Advising Britishvolt on the development of its UK “gigafactory” – the manufacturing of lithium ion (and successor technology) batteries targeting electric vehicle production.
  • Providing advice and assistance to energy regulator Ofgem in relation to issues arising from the significant volatility/disruption in the GB energy markets.

Gillespie Macandrew LLP

Gillespie Macandrew LLP is instructed on a wealth of high-end energy-related development affairs, leveraging the firm’s planning and construction, corporate, regulatory, land litigation and judicial review capabilities to provide comprehensive project management services. Derek McCulloch, a lawyer with a track record in both local and national projects, leads the team which is active across onshore, offshore and conventional energy, hydrogen, solar and grid-level storage schemes.

Practice head(s):

Derek McCulloch

Other key lawyers:

Amy McDowell; Simon Williams


‘Level-headed individuals giving considered advice. Great at listening to the problem at hand and thinking through potential solutions.’

‘Gillespie Macandrew has property and private client expertise which allows them to offer genuine advice in specialist areas such as renewable energy but with the support of the wider team and knowledge base. Its knowledge of both the renewable energy and rural sectors means they are leading in the field of on-shore wind and hydro projects, and especially in commercial forestry properties.’

Key clients

Rio Tinto


Viking Energy

Seagreen Wind Energy

Berwick-Bank Wind Limited

Ampyr Energy

REG Power

Work highlights

  • Advising Seagreen Wind Energy –Offshore Wind Phase 1 (over 1GW) in relation to the largest Scottish Offshore Wind Project in respect of property and consenting elements of £3.5bn financial close and Joint Venture; CfD, liaising with several law firms and multiple lenders.
  • Advising Viking Energy on the whole life to date of the largest Remote Island Wind Project in UK involving over 300 third party interests and a Community JV involvement.
  • Advising on onshore land requirements for the Berwick Bank Offshore Wind Farm with planned capacity of up to 4.1GW.

Harper Macleod LLP

Harper Macleod LLP is home to distinct expertise in respect of nature-based solutions to climate change, namely renewable energy, forestry planning, peatland restoration and farming practice changes. Practice head David Bone also regularly acts for developers, landowners and planning authorities on renewable developments and is supported by Omar Ali, a specialist in the sale, acquisition and due diligence of major energy projects.

Practice head(s):

David Bone

Other key lawyers:

Pamela Todd; Omar Ali


‘The team is trusted by some of the biggest environmental charities in the world to provide advice. They have appeared recently in applications on behalf of Greenpeace, for example.’

‘Harpers have proved to be extremely knowledgeable about renewable energy development and use their commercial understanding to consistently provide informed legal advice.’

‘During the past year we have been advised on property, planning, litigation and employment matters and throughout the Harpers team we have consistently received legal advice that is easily digested and in a form that can be acted on.’

The team at Harpers are easy to get along with and always respond quickly to any requests for support.’

‘The people I work with there are knowledgeable about their area of practice, keen to do a good job and go about it with reliable efficiency. I hope my working relationship with them continues long-term.’

Key clients

Statkraft UK Limited

Fred.Olsen Renewables Limited


Ardersier Port (Scotland) Limited

Energiekontor UK Ltd

Metka-EGN Limited

Greenpeace UK

Elm Solar Holdings Limited

Foresight Group

Octopus Renewables Infrastructure Trust plc


Kinlochbervie Community Company

European Marine Energy Centre (EMEC)


Natural Power

RWE Renewables

Marine Scotland

Work highlights

  • Advised Statkraft UK on the sale of Andershaw Wind Farm to Greencoat UK Wind.
  • Advised Equitix (acting along with Allen & Overy) in the acquisition from Copenhagen Infrastructure Partners of a 17.5% stake in the Beatrice Offshore wind farm
  • Advised Octopus Renewables Infrastructure Trust plc (LON:ORIT) alongside Osborne Clarke in its acquisition of the 50-MW Cumberhead wind farm from RDC Partners LLP

Morton Fraser

Morton Fraser supports landowners and developers on the consenting, licensing, financial and commercial aspects of energy projects. Jonathan Seddon leads the practice, leveraging particular accomplishment in respect of wind turbine, waste-to-energy and electricity grid connection projects. The practice is also well placed to support on planning enquiries, project disputes, environmental mitigation and portfolio transactions and is backed by the ‘one-of-a-kind‘ expertise of legal director Gail Watt.

Practice head(s):

Jonathan Seddon

Other key lawyers:

Nick Atkins; Douglas Milne; Sandra Cassels; Gail Watt


‘Morton Fraser LLP are thoroughly knowledgeable and trustworthy solicitors. The team are well connected and support each other to ensure the clients needs are met and dealt with in the most professional of ways. Their unique working approach means that any time I have worked with them it has always been a straightforward.’

‘Gail Watt is one of a kind. She truly goes above and beyond on every occasion. Gail is the most diligent and comprehensive solicitors I have had the pleasure to work with. Her knowledge, understanding of issues, and manner in which she handles and resolves these is always outstanding. Gail is like no other!’

‘Engagement of Morton Fraser has proven to be a fast track to a contractual solution. Their view reached beyond the client’s horizon and anticipated also all other parties involved, thereby quickly eliminating any major obstacles and being time and cost efficient for all stakeholders.’

‘Main contact Gail Watt: Highly attentive and responsive, taking into account the opposite side’s concerns and anticipating any potential issues. Gail is the fast lane to a legal and commercial solution, also in controversial negotiations.’

Key clients

The Scottish Ministers

Moray Council

United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority, Dounreay Site Restoration Limited

Historic Environment Scotland

Energy Agency

Little Kerse

Mark and Shona Thomson

Viscount Thurso

Midlothian Council

Work highlights

  • Advising the Energy Agency on all matters including the development of hydro schemes and district heating networks, all with the ultimate goal of reducing fuel and energy poverty in Scotland.
  • Advising The Scottish Ministers on all aspects of renewable energy projects throughout Scotland, to include on shore wind, anaerobic digestion, carbon capture and storage and peatland restoration.
  • Advising United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority, Dounreay Site Restoration Limited in connection with nuclear energy projects. We are the only firm in Scotland that carries out this level of work.

BTO Solicitors LLP

Adept in a wide range of matters, BTO Solicitors LLP supplements its expertise in wind, hydro, biomass, solar and renewable heat incentive (RHI) projects with significant finance, joint venture, transaction and landed estate diversification knowhow. Scott Wyper is a transactional specialist with particular expertise in project funding and structuring whereas Nicolas McBride disperses distinct expertise in community renewables and land/servitude rights affairs.

Practice head(s):

Nicolas McBride; Scott Wyper

Other key lawyers:

Jeremy Glen; David Gibson


‘BTO have a great depth to their team, and bring great knowledge and foresight to individual transactions. They are always a joy to work with, and take a very collaborative approach to working with the client’s accountants- really working as a team. Their strength is their people, who provide great support and empathy to their clients.’

‘The greatest values are in their knowledge and experience. This allows the individuals to give great support to clients and to provide a calm assurance when matters may be getting stressful.’

Key clients

Scottish Hydro Investments Limited

CRF Hydro Power Limited

Foster Turner Hydro Limited

Booth Welsh Automation Limited

Triodos Bank UK Limited

Ormsary Farmers

Baldowrie Estate

Srondoire Wind Farmers Limited

Inver Hydro Limited

Allt Dearg Wind Farmers LLP

Work highlights

  • Acing for Scottish Hydro Investment Limited in relation to a complex transaction that involved: (i) an internal restructure including share for share exchange and acquisition of shares from an exiting shareholder; (ii) project finance with the Clydesdale Bank; and (iii) the acquisition of two SPVs from Guinness Asset Management.

Davidson Chalmers Stewart

Davidson Chalmers Stewart hones its focus on renewable development and redevelopment affairs in addition to transactions pertaining to projects and alternative energy businesses. Steven McAllister is particularly well versed in onshore wind, hydro, battery storage and solar PV schemes, serving as practice co-head alongside Andy Drane. Nicola Scott, a specialist in the property and finance aspects of energy projects, joined the team from Brodies LLP in October 2021.

Practice head(s):

Andy Drane; Steven McAllister

Other key lawyers:

Nicola Scott


‘Really on the ball and quick; knowledgable and accepting of outside help.’

‘Friendly and helpful.’

‘Steven McAllister is efficient and organised.’

‘The team are up to date on the technologies at play as we move towards the decarbonisation of the energy supply chain.’

Key clients

Abo Wind Ag

Alba Energy Limited

Blain Farming

Tinwald Power Limited

Kelvin Capital

Peel Energy

Ripple Energy Limited

Suez Recycling And Recovery Uk Limited

The Farm Energy Company Limited

Wkn Gmbh

Work highlights

  • Advised Peel Energy in connection with its 50MW onshore wind development on the Island of Yell in the Shetland Islands.
  • Advised The Farm Energy Company in connection with its private wire development on a brownfield site on the Ardeer Peninsula in North Ayrshire.
  • Advised Kenneth Greenland in connection with granting rights of access to multiple wind farm developers over the Cambusavie Bends on the A9 north of Inverness.

MacRoberts LLP

Lawyers at MacRoberts LLP are well regarded for their work on battery storage, hydro and onshore wind projects, handling the planning, financing, real estate and construction components. The practice is headed by commercial property specialist Nick Jones and is also adept in mining and quarrying affairs such as scoping, environmental assessment, consent applications and contentious matters.

Practice head(s):

Nick Jones

Other key lawyers:

David McGuire


‘We are consistently appreciative of pro-active support and suggestions which derive from their clear and in depth understanding of our business. Very much part of our team.’

‘Nick Jones is quick to help and consistently offers good advice.’

‘Very experienced and personable team. Excellent client service.’

‘Personal touch but still very professional.’

Key clients

Coriolis Energy

Falck Renewables Wind


Orsted Onshore UK

Enerco Group

Wind Development Holdings

Ria Holdings

Breedon Group/Breedon Northern

Tillicoultry Quarries

Work highlights

  • Acting for the developer in the site assembly of numerous land, access and cabling agreements for leases and servitudes for the Chirmorie Wind Farm Project, an 80MW 21-turbine consented project located approximately 7km south west of Barrhill, South Ayrshire.
  • Acted for a specialist wind turbine manufacturer based in Campbelltown in a breach of contract claim at the Glasgow Employment Tribunal. This was an interesting case because the individual claimed to be an apprentice and the action raised was for a breach of a contract of apprenticeship, which is a novel concept under Scots law which is distinct from the normal employee/employer relationship.


A team with a ‘large amount of experience within the energy sector’, TLT operates across a spectrum of local and national corporate, transactional and investment matters. Nick Shenken leads the practice, demonstrating specific accomplishment in relation to biomass, marine power, onshore and offshore schemes.

Practice head(s):

Nick Shenken

Other key lawyers:

Damien Bechelli; Joanna Hamilton


‘TLT has a large amount of experience within the energy sector and we have used them for property services. They are always quick to respond to our work requirements and support the business as needed. Specifically their knowledge and experience of this sector has been a huge benefit in delivering and completing transactions. Being dual qualified is a great benefit, to work across various regions.’

‘The team at TLT are brilliant and work very hard to ensure the successes of our projects. They engage regularly and communicate well, helping to bring matters to a resolution. There have been projects where there are time pressures for various reasons and they always ensure these are met. The team overall are very diligent and deliver a high quality of work and we appreciate the advice and input they have.’

‘The team is excellent at providing commercial and practical advice to us that is easily understood and applicable within the organisation. The team is at the other end of the phone to chat problems through with in an approachable and personable manner too.’

‘Nick Shenken is our relationship partner and has gone above and beyond to provide helpful and practical advice to us when needed. He will pick up the phone to check our understanding and is very solution based in his approach which is essential for the type of organisation we are.’

Key clients

Blackfinch Investments / Bradley Wind Energy

Triodos Bank NV

REG Power Management Limited

Offshore Renewable Energy Catapult

Intelligent Land Investments Group plc

SSE plc

Thrive Renewables



Innova Capital

Low Carbon

Work highlights

  • Acting for Blackfinch Energy, a leading investor in renewable energy and energy infrastructure products, on the acquisition of two new wind energy sites in Scotland. Their addition to Blackfinch’s portfolio represents further growth for the company, with its total annual renewable energy generation capacity growing to approximately 104 Gigawatt hours (GWh) across 49 individual sites.
  • Acting for Low Carbon (and Waste Energy Power Partners) on the sale of Doveryard Limited to funds managed by Octopus Renewables which will see the construction of the 185,600 tonne Oldhall Energy Recovery Project – the first large-scale, subsidy free energy recovery project in western Scotland. TLT advised in relation to the corporate transaction documents and provide advice in relation to real estate, corporate and tax matters.
  • Acting for Santader UK plc on its non recourse project finance debt solution totalling £28m to Still Waters Green Technology (SWGT) in support of the construction and operation of Mannington Battery Storage Project.

Wright, Johnston & Mackenzie LLP

Wright, Johnston & Mackenzie LLP is acclaimed for its planning renewables work, routinely handing s.36 inquiries and planning appeals. The team is also active in terms of energy-related development work and is fronted by Andy McFarlane, a dedicated renewables specialist with expertise in property structures for sharing assets and infrastructure, project due diligence and community developments.

Practice head(s):

Andy McFarlane

Other key lawyers:

Fraser Gillies; Esme Macfarlane; Elizabeth Tainsh


‘Very strong, multi-disciplined team who work very hard on projects to deliver in challenging time frames. Great accessibility to senior lawyers and partners. Very partner led which is a huge bonus. Offer excellent value for money.’

‘WJM act as a strong team, they have a great deal of experience of the renewables sector and they are able to tap into the expertise of other solicitors within the firm for related topics such as agricultural, tax, planning and telecommunications which is invaluable. I find WJM extremely good to work with and they would be my first choice for any complex renewables project.’

‘Andrew McFarlane (Partner) – Andy has a great deal of experience of the renewables sector and is excellent to have on your side in a difficult or complicated negotiation. He works hard with all parties to find solutions that create agreement on the issues. Esme Macfarlane (Senior Associate) – Esme tackles negotiations with great skill and efficiency and is obviously respected by the solicitors she deals with on our behalf.’

‘There is a personal service. The firm I work for is a client rather than me personally however the team have made an effort to get to know me personally which is a nice touch. They are very good at keeping their clients informed of where things are and rarely require reminders or chasers which I have found to be an issue elsewhere. There is a good range of skills within the team and the individuals know their strengths and weaknesses and as such provide a good wide ranging service utilising their wider team.

They have vast knowledge of renewables work, in particular wind and storage and are able to draw on their experiences well when providing advice.’

‘Esme MacFarlane is excellent, especially with complicated matters, she has excellent organisational skills and as such is able to keep on top of things.’

‘The team is well integrated and provides sensible advice.’

Key clients

Renewable Energy Systems Limited

RWE Renewables UK Swindon Limited

Fred Olsen

Orsted Onshore UK ltd

Energiekontor UK Limited

Coriolis Energy

BayWa r.e.

Harmony Energy Limited

Muirhall Energy


Work highlights

  • Advised Coriolis Energy Limited in relation to the proposed Blarghour Wind Farm, a S.36 scheme comprising of 17 turbines (anticipated projected output 57.8 MW) in the Argyll and Bute planning area. The project is a joint venture between Coriolis Energy and the Irish utility ESB Energy.
  • Acted for Harmony Energy Storage Limited who were promoting an IPO across a number of battery storage sites in the UK.