Labour and employment in Pakistan

Akhund Forbes

Akhund Forbes fields a capable and experienced team that advises on the full array of labour and employment matters to local, national and international clients. It has been active in drafting HR policies in accordance with Pakistan’s labour laws and has been busy working in conjunction with a number of international law firms on local employment law matters. Sahar Iqbal heads the team and is a well-respected practitioner.

Practice head(s):

Sahar Iqbal


Its advice is cleanly presented, eminently readable and delivered always on time and, crucially, it manages all that while being precisely to the point. The scale of the project with which we have engaged the firm requires laser-like focus on a specific legal area and provides little room for error or deviation from the project specification‘.

‘We require regular updates on the state of the law in Pakistan and Sahar Iqbal  keeps us abreast of developments around the clock, finding not only changes to the legal regime as they happen but marshalling her legal understanding to spotlight early initiatives that are likely to lead to change’.

Knowledge of the labour laws of Pakistan and how to deal with court cases. The individuals have sound knowledge of the labour laws of Pakistan and they guide us in best possible way‘.


Key clients

MCB-Arif Habib Savings and Investments Limited

DLA Piper Middle East LLP

UBL Fund Managers Limited

China Power Generation Hub Company

Saudi Research Publishing Company

Media Arabia Pvt Limited

Zoetis Inc.

Allied Advertising LLC

Deutsche Bank

Adidas AG

Osborne Clarke

Cialfo Pte Ltd

Baker & McKenzie LLP

AEI Legal



Work highlights

  • Advised its client in relation to various provisions of labour and employment law relating to payments to employees from a workers’ participation fund and workers’ welfare fund.
  • Advising its client, almost on a daily basis, on a wide range of labour law and employment law matters, employment agreements and other employment matters.
  • Advising its client, almost on a daily basis, on a wide range of labour law and employment matters, employment agreements and various other matters.

Axis Law Chambers

Axis Law Chambers advises national and international companies on the full spectrum of employment matters from social security to payroll and workers’ welfare obligations. The team is also recommended for its experience in advising on employment benefits, termination issues as well as assisting with labour inspections. In addition it is skilled at representing clients before labour tribunals. Mian Tariq Hassan routinely advises on compliance issues for major companies. Ali Zahid Rahim has been busy advising various companies on cross-border labour and employment matters in addition to a myriad of other issues such as collective dismissals,  expat postings and corporate reorganisations.


The team at Axis Law Chambers consists of energetic young professionals, upholding exceedingly high professional standards while maintaining efficiency and attention to detail. The quality of legal services provided and dependable client handling make this firm stand out from others in the market‘.

The range of partners and associates come together to provide well rounded solutions to legal problems. Members of the team are always available to provide support in a swift and timely fashion. Our experience with Axis is comparable to that provided by reputable international law firms‘.

The Partners at Axis Law Chambers bring together a diverse range of professional experience under one roof. Mian Tariq Hassan provided incisive and timely support on contractual matters. His knowledge and foresight in this area would make him an asset for any business seeking advice on legal matters relating to human resources‘.


Key clients

Oxford Policy Management UK

Oxford Policy Management Pakistan

Centre for Economic Research Pakistan

Work highlights

  • Advised Oxford Policy Management UK on various labour and employment law issues that arose as a result of its restructuring of its employment policies including advising on reduction of salaries, enforced leaves, reduction in working hours, end of service benefits etc.
  • Advised Levi’s Strauss & Co. Pakistan on various legal requirements in Pakistan such as end of service benefits and issues related to implementing changes in HR policies.
  • Advised Centre for Economic Research in Pakistan on the procedural requirements for dealing with any complaints under the Protection Against Harassment of Women at the Workplace Act, 2010.

Yousaf Amanat & Associates

Yousaf Amanat & Associates is engaged mostly by companies that are headquartered outside Pakistan and want specialised local law advice. In addition it has handled several contentious labour law matters for local clients. It regularly advises mining companies, oil and gas companies, donor agencies in addition to telecom companies, banks and Government bodies. The team is praised for its 'timely and accurate responses'. Islamabad-based Yousaf Amanat is the firm’s managing partner and is an Advocate of the High Courts of Pakistan. In Karachi Noman Zahid regularly acts for various banks and shipping lines.

Practice head(s):

Yousaf Amanat; Noman Zahid


We particularly recommend Mr Amanat for his legal acumen‘.

It  has a dedicated team. Expertise of subject matter and  it provides responses on time. Providing out of box solutions and almost round the clock availability‘.

‘The team provides legal support, which is far more than legal advice. Proactive, taking into account all the different aspects and context. Yousaf Amanat is a very involved and knowledgeable person, he goes the extra mile for you and is always available 24/7‘.

Key clients

Oxfam GB

Adva Comm UK

Clifford Chance

Agility International Logistics Singapore


HMD Global Oy (Nokia Phones)

China Railway Construction

Colt Resources Middle East

Marriot International Hotel

Voluntary Services Overseas UK

ANZ Partners

ANZ Partners routinely works with major international law firms on local law issues. Under the direction of Nabel Rehman and Aqeel Malik the practice is skilled at drafting employment manuals and employee handbooks and has also been working with some embassies on various labour law issues.

Key clients

Save The Children (SCF) Pakistan

Muslim Hands

Muslim Aid

Relief International


Pakistan Humanitarian Forum

Micronutirent Initiative

Islamic Relief

Center for International Private Enterprise

Pakistan China Institute (PCI)

Can Asian Synergies (Private) Limited

Yu-Fei Pelagic Fisheries (Private) Limited

Pelagic Fisheries (Private) Limited

Energy Solutions And Green Power (Private) Limited

PCI Holding (Private) Limited

Al-Noor Trust

Sochain Zara (SZ)

AR Foods (Private) Limited

AR Cash & Carry

Madina Cash & Carry (MCC)

AR Horeca

Ascendia (Private) Limited

Brighterlite Pakistan (Private) Limited

DM Textile Mills

The Educators, Rawalpindi

Elahi Cotton Mills Limited

Enekon (Private) Limited

Espresso Express, Restaurant

EU Delegation to Pakistan

Pak Steel Mills

District 6, Restaurant

Gibraltor Constructions


Embassy of France

Kohistan Developers & Builders

Embassy of Austria

International Republican Institute (IRI)

Royal Danish Embassy

Islamabad Diagnostics Center (IDC)

Intek Corporation

La Montana Restaurant, Islamabad

Maroof Hospital,Islamabad

MH Cab (Private) Limited

Pamir Marco Polo (Private) Limited

Pakistan Nursing Council

Palladium, Pakistan

Tianjin China Petroleum Drilling Company Limited (TCPDC)

UCH Power Limited

Western Global Services (Private) Limited

Westeren Services (Private) Limited

Essem Hotels

SKT Welfare (INGO)

Terres Des Hommes (INGO)

Hanns Seidel Foundation (INGO)

International Medical Corp (INGO)

Fight Fortress (Private) Limited

Hydra Consulting

Khadija Tufailtrust

Taimur Khan

Haroon Hamid

Muhammad Azam

Begum Nusrat Maqbool

Leads Pharma (PVT) Ltd

Attock Refinery Limited

Vety Care (PVT) Ltd

Canyon Enterprises (PVT) Ltd

La Montana Restaurant

Floss Factory

Rukhsana Rehman

Khalid Anwer & Co.

Khalid Anwer & Co. is strong on employment matters and continues to advise several major banks on complex employment issues. It is also skilled at advising former employees of large companies on their pension and retirement benefits. The agile team has been busy too helping employers in defending some large class-action cases. Raashid Anwer and Syed Mustafa Ali head the department.


Khalid Anwer & Co. is undoubtedly one of the most renowned and leading law firms of Pakistan as the senior partner Mr. Khalid Anwer is amongst the pioneers of the legal profession‘.

The team has unmatched legal expertise. M/S Khalid Anwer & Co. has always maintained a high level of success rate and the lawyers have offered out of the box legal solutions‘.

We generally engage with Barrister Syed Mustafa Ali and we have been very impressed with his professionalism and hard work. He has always respectfully dealt with our queries and cleared all our doubts as a client and has a very quick response time. He is very thorough in his work, well read and always up to date with the latest amendments in laws and recent judgements. We as a client are extremely satisfied with the quality of work we are receiving‘.


Key clients

Pakistan Telecommunication Company Ltd.

Pakistan Telecommunication Employees Trust

National Bank of Pakistan

Qureshi Law Associates

The employment practice at Qureshi Law Associates forms an integral part of its corporate and commercial offering. As a result the team is highly rated for its due diligence work on corporate and commercial transactions and has an excellent track record of advising on a variety of employment and labour matters. Strengths also lie in advising on employee benefits as well as employment contracts, policies and manuals. It has expertise too in advising on incentive and bonus plans as well as advising on a whole host of complex labour law issues. Basharat Ali Mehmood and  Abid Ali are at the helm.

Practice head(s):

Basharat Ali Mehmood; Abid Ali

Key clients

Syed Zafar ul Hassan Ghilani vs Pakistan Railways)

Muhammad Yousaf vs Govt Of Punjab)

Dr Mudassar Hussain vs Govt Punjab)

Naeem Ahmad vs Pakistan Railways

Mian Khalid Farooq vs Govt Of Punjab

Asma vs Ministry Of Education

Muhammad Sabir vs Ministry Of Petroleum

Syed Faisal Shah vs Ministry Of Petroleum

Javed Shabir Awan vs DG FIA)

Work highlights

  • Advised Hanergy Global Solar Pakistan on the formulation of a handbook for employment for use by Hanergy employees.
  • Acted as counsel for the seller Solution de Energy on various employment matters including conducting a substantial due diligence exercise.
  • Providing advice to an UAE company that is interested in acquiring and expanding a chain of petrol stations throughout Pakistan – the advice includes providing detailed employment advice about existing employees and other complex employment matters.

ABS & Co. Advocates and Corporate Counsels

ABS & Co. Advocates and Corporate Counsels has an excellent team that advises on both contentious and non-contentious employment matters and covers the legal issues that arise on public/government employment contracts in addition to issues that arise in private employment. It advises on a wide spectrum of matters from industrial action and employee benefits through to drafting labour and HR policies. The Islamabad office has been busy advising on major pieces of litigation on employment and labour law matters too. Heads of team Ahmer Bilal Soofi and Imran Ahmed Malik are well-regarded.

Key clients

United Bank Limited (UBL)

National Bank of Pakistan

Bank of Punjab


Punjab Skills Development Fund

Punjab Population Innovation Fund

Punjab Institute of Fashion & Design


Water and Sanitation Agency (WASA)

Work highlights

  • Advised McDonalds in settling multiple tort claims under occupational safety laws arising out of an accidental fire at one of its restaurants.
  • Advised the Ministry of Inter-Provincial Coordination on the devolution of the Employees Old-Age Benefit Institution and Workers Welfare Fund following the 18th Amendment.
  • Advised China Three Gorges Investment Company in drafting its internal HR policy in line with the applicable labour laws of Pakistan.

Liaquat Merchant Associates

Under the leadership of Faresa Jafarey Ahsan at Liaquat Merchant Associates  the department is well-equipped to advise domestic and international clients on all employment, labour law and human resource matters. It frequently advises on local  regulatory requirements and continues to represent companies, employees and civil servants before the High Courts, Labour Courts and Service Tribunals. It counts many local and international companies as clients and receives a steady flow of instructions from some international law firms.

Practice head(s):

Faresa Jafarey Ahsan

Key clients

FINCA Microfinance Global Services LLC

Puma Energy Pakistan Limited

Aman Foundation

Engro Corporation

Mckinsey and Co. – Dubai

Work highlights

  • Routinely advises a client of a major international law firm on its operations in Pakistan and on various employment matters.  
  • Advising Mckinsey on matters relating to standardising its employment contracts as well as the termination of the services of  various employees with a special focus on the impact on employment matters due to the Covid-19 pandemic.
  • Reviewed various engagement letters / contracts of employment / offer letters of employees at various levels for Engro Corporation.

Raja Mohammed Akram Co.

Raja Mohammed Akram Co. has a strong team that is adept at advising on all aspects of labour and employment law in addition to compensation and benefits for employees. Its lawyers are experienced at advising on matters relating to the applicability of the Workers' Welfare Fund Act, 2019, the Companies Profits (Workers’ Participation) Act, 1968, and the Workers’ Welfare Fund Ordinance, 1971.  Asad Ladha is recommended along with Umer Akram Chaudhry who routinely advises multinationals on their obligations to the workforce.

Key clients

MCB Bank Limited

Triventure Partnership

Bank of Punjab

Mizo Studios

Nishat Chunian Power Limited

Nishat Power Limited

Lalpir Power Limited

Pakgen Power Limited

MOL Pakistan Oil & Gas Co. B.V.


McKinsey & Company, Inc. Yes

House Building Finance Company Limited

Hong Kong Hui Hua Global Technology Limited

Trust for Democratic Education and Accountability

Work highlights

  • Advised Symantec Corporation on various employment and labour matters, including the termination and re-hiring of employees arising from the sale of the company.
  • Advised MCB Bank Limited on the employment and labour laws in Sindh, specifically  on the tax implications under the provident fund rules under the Income Tax Ordinance 2001.
  • Advised Nishat Chunian Power Limited on the applicability of the Workers’ Welfare Fund Act, 2019, the Companies Profits (Workers’ Participation) Act, 1968, and the Workers’ Welfare Fund Ordinance, 1971.