Projects and infrastructure in Egypt

Al Kamel Law Firm

Al Kamel Law Firm is well regarded for its high-profile work in projects and infrastructure and advises clients in industries such as water, petroleum, natural gas, telecoms, construction, and mining. The firm’s experience spans from project finance to exploration activities and disputes, with a strong track record of acting for multinational corporations. Managing partner Mohamed Kamel is co-leader of the practice and specialised in oil and gas, natural resources, and dispute resolution matters. Rasheed Kamel constitutes the other half of the practice lead, while Shahira Khaled is also recommended.

Practice head(s):

Mohamed Kamel; Rasheed Kamel

Other key lawyers:

Shahira Khaled; Youssef Nassef; Linda Azmy

Key clients

DEG – Deutsche Investment Bank

Bayerische Landesbank

Nordea Bank Abp

Oesterreichische Entwicklungsbank AG

International Finance Corporation

Helmy, Hamza & Partners (member firm of Baker & McKenzie International)

The projects and infrastructure practice at Helmy, Hamza & Partners (member firm of Baker & McKenzie International) is regularly involved in major transactions, financing, and project developments, where it covers the whole gamut of project-related matters. Structuring, licensing, and investment are as much part of the team’s expertise as the documentation and regulatory issues surrounding complex projects. Key industry sectors that the firm advises on include power, infrastructure, mining, and renewable energy. Mohamed Ghannam and Lamyaa Gadelhak jointly lead the team with particular expertise in the area of project finance.

Practice head(s):

Mohamed Ghannam; Lamyaa Gadelhak

Work highlights

  • Acted as legal counsel to a consortium that consists of the Suez Canal Economic Zone (SC Zone) and the Sovereign Fund of Egypt (TESFU) along with private-sector investors in relation to project contracts and for setting up a specialized manufacturing company, the National Egyptian for Railroad Industries Company (NERIC).
  • Advised Hutchison Ports, a world’s leading port network, on its agreement with Egyptian Navy to develop and operate a new commercial container terminal in Abu Qir, Egypt. The total investment value in developing the new terminal is estimated to reach USD 730 million.
  • Acting for El Wady for Phosphate Industries and Fertilizers (WAPHCO) in connection with an agreement with a consortium consisting of Chinese Construction Engineering Company (CSCEC) and WENGFU Group for the construction of a phosphoric acid manufacturing complex project in Abu Tartur, New Valley governorate, at a cost of about USD 842 million.

Matouk Bassiouny & Hennawy

The finance and projects team at Matouk Bassiouny & Hennawy ‘understands what the client wants and appreciates the commercial drivers to transactions’, according to a client. The firm predominantly works with private sponsors and project devleopers, however also advises governmental institutions, contractors as well as suppliers, with a focus on the sectors power, oil and gas, utilities, and transport. Practice head Mahmoud Bassiouny ‘provides excellent strategic guidance’. Ahmed Agamy is noted for his expertise in the oil and gas industry.

Practice head(s):

Mahmoud Bassiouny

Other key lawyers:

Ahmed Agamy; Nadia Abdallah


‘The team understands what the client wants and appreciates the commercial drivers to transactions. They each work both as a trusted advisor and team player in delivering results.’

‘Mahmoud Bassiouny sets exactly the right tone from the top. He provides excellent strategic guidance and empowers his very able team to take ownership of client instructions.’

Key clients

DP World Sokhna

National Petroleum Construction Company PJSC (NPCC)

Alcazar Energy Partners

Sonker Bunkering Company

Future Clean Energy

Union Fenosa Gas (UFG)

Lotus Gold Corporation (“Lotus Gold”)

Wanbao Mining

La Mancha Holding

Work highlights

  • Advised Union Fenosa Gas in connection with Sale of UFG entire stake in SEGAS.
  • Advising Alcazar Energy Partners in connection with ongoing operations of four 50MW solar power plants under round 2 of the Feed-in Tariff programme.
  • Advised Lotus Gold on the first gold mining tender following the amended mining regime.

MHR & Partners in association with White & Case LLP

MHR & Partners in association with White & Case LLP’s practice in projects and infrastructure is characterised by the firm’s ability to advise both Egyptian players in overseas matters, and local as well as global companies in national projects. Recent highlights include advising the National Authority for Tunnels in the financing of its Cairo Monorail project. Bryan Cory joined the Cairo office in June 2021 from White & Case Houston and has extensive experience in advising on transactions in the energy industry. The team is led jointly by all partners, consisting of Cory, Ziad Gadalla, Philip Stopford, Tarek Mohanna, and Islamic finance expert Sherief Rashed.

Practice head(s):

Philip Stopford; Ziad Gadalla; Tarek Mohanna; Sherief Rashed; Bryan Cory

Key clients

National Authority for Tunnels (NAT)

Carbon Holdings

Abu Dhabi Islamic Bank

ADES International Holding Ltd.

CI Capital

NI Capital

EFG Hermes

Tahrir Petrochemicals Company

Egypt Hydrocarbon Corporation (EHC)

Sixth of October for Real Estate and Development (Sodic)

Egyptian Ethylene and Derivatives Company (Ethydco)


Commercial International Bank

Banque Misr

European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)

African Export Import Bank (Afreximbank)

Arab Petroleum Investments Cooperation

Arab African International Bank

Egypt Gulf Bank

United Real Estate Company

Canal Sugar Company

Angola LNG

Egypt Propylene and Polypropylene

Work highlights

  • Represented the National Authority for Tunnels (NAT), an entity affiliated to the Ministry of Transportation of Egypt, on the €1.886 billion financing for the development of the Cairo Monorail project in Egypt.
  • Advising on all aspects of the proposed USD multi-billion Tahrir petrochemical complex in Egypt.
  • Advised Abu Dhabi Future Energy Company PJSC – Masdar (Masdar), a subsidiary of Mubadala Investment Company, in its acquisition from ib vogt GmbH (ib vogt) of a fifty percent interest in Infinity 50 for Renewable Energy SAE, an Egyptian company that develops, constructs and operates

Shalakany Law Office

Shalakany Law Office ‘has worked on a number of first of a kind projects deploying excellent partners who have a hands on approach to the practice’ says a client about the firm’s projects and infrastructure work. Specialisations include wind energy projects, transactional work, and large infrastructure projects. Additionally, the team is involved in both high-profile local and cross-border matters. Mariam Fahmy and Aly El Shalakany are ‘the backbone of the practice providing good advice in a responsive and well-presented format’. Emad El Shalakany with a focus on public-private partnerships as well as public infrastructure, and commercial expert Omar Sherif  are also key contacts.

Practice head(s):

Aly El Shalakany; Emad El Shalakany; Mariam Fahmy; Omar Sherif


‘Shalakany is a leading infrastructure and projects firm in Egypt and has worked on a number of first of a kind projects deploying excellent partners who have a hands on approach to the practice.’

‘Mariam Fahmy and Aly Shalakany are the backbone of the practice providing good advice in a responsive and well-presented format. Always a pleasure to work with.’

Work highlights

  • Assisting lenders with the amendment of an existing facility granted to the Middle East Oil Refinery.

Zaki Hashem & Partners, Attorneys at Law

The projects and infrastructure department at Zaki Hashem & Partners, Attorneys at Law assists clients across the whole gamut of related matters including PPP, BOT, and BOOT models. Projects are accompanied throughout their financing, establishment, and operation, each of which the firm has extensive experience in. The practice is headed by the duo of Sameh Khodeir and Yasser Hashem . Khodeir leads the Oil & Gas department, but is also renowned for his work advising on projects in other sectors, such as energy and mining. Hashem is recommended for his broad knowledge of corporate and commercial matters. Sameh Kamal is also a key name in the area.

Practice head(s):

Sameh Khodeir; Yasser Hashem

Other key lawyers:

Sameh Kamal


‘The team lead by Mr. Sameh Khodier, the most Senior Partner of ZH&P worked with me on a Road Map to be presented to the Prime Minister of Egypt. It was a challenging project aiming at an unprecedented land acquisition for Agriculture and Industrial use in terms of size, tenure and pricing. Experts counsel members on Land Laws, State Council Practices and Commercial Terms collaborated to make this work. The team also got involved in the negotiations with government officials at all levels.’

‘The deep understanding of foreign investor’s fears/concerns, international practice in addition to the limitations of local beaurecrats was key to bridging the gap.’

Key clients

Abdel Warith Consulting Engineers

Al Babtain Group (Real Estate “Project Development”)

AL Sagheer Group

Amiral Group


Arab Co. for Asset Management and Development (Real Estate “Project Development”)

Arabian Capital Investment and Finance Co.

Arabian International Company (AIC)

Attijariwafa Bank Egypt (Real Estate “Project Development”)

Ayady Group

Beltone Capital Red Sea Venture for Solar Energy

British Embassy

China State Construction Engineering Corporation Ltd. (CSCEC)

Commercial International Bank Egypt (CIB)

Damietta Furniture City (Real Estate “Project Development”)

Damietta Port Authority

Dar Al Fouad Hospital

DP World Sokhna SAE

Edisson International (Energy)

Egyptian Countryside Development Company

Egyptian Drilling Oil Services (EDOS)

Egyptian Kuwait Holding Co.

El Sewedy Capital Holding (Energy)

El Sewedy Electric (Energy)

IEOC (Energy)

Infinity-e (Energy)

INVAP Argentina (Energy)

Jarir Financial Leasing SAE (Real Estate “Project Development”)

Kharafi National W.L.L (Project Development)

MHP Investments (Mauritius Fund)

Neptune Energy Egypt B.V. (Previously Engie) (Energy)

NI Capital

Onyx Alexandria

Pepsi Cola Egypt (Real Estate “Project Development”)

Petrojet (Energy)

Prysmian S.P.A

Ramw Group(Real Estate “Project Development”)

Rapiscan Systems (Division of OSI Systems Group)

Ras Ghareb Wind Energy (Energy)


Razel-Bec (Ismailia Tunnels)

SMG Group

Solariz Egypt

Suez Canal Container Terminal

Supco Canada Railway Supply Group

The World Bank

United Group for Highways Development

Wadi Group (Real Estate “Project Development”)

Work highlights

  • Acting as sole local Egyptian counsel to the Consortium of British Investors in ECHEM’s USD 8 billion Al Alamein petrochemical project.
  • Advising Middle East Oil Refinery (MIDOR) on its USD 1.2 billion modernisation, upgrade and expansion of a new refinery.
  • Advising Capital Group Properties on the Alburouj project.

Mazghouny & Co

Renewable energy is the main strength of the energy and projects department at Mazghouny & Co which was founded in February 2020 and has since expanded its roster of high-profile clients in the energy sector. The firm’s services span business development, engineering and construction, as well as finance and asset management. There has also recently been a focus to branch out its work into other African countries. Founder and managing partner Donia El-Mazghouny has broad expertise in transactional matter and corporate and commercial aspects in regard to energy and infrastructure projects.

Practice head(s):

Donia El-Mazghouny

Other key lawyers:

Khadiga Abou-Zeid

Key clients

Acciona Energia


BayWa r.e.

EDF Renewables


Empower New Energy

Egyptian Electricity Transmission Company (EETC)


Egypt’s New and Renewable Energy Authority (NREA)



Work highlights

  • Acted as a legal counsel to the Benban Solar Developers Association in connection with the EGP 1.6 billion settlement of the cost sharing agreement cost overrun dispute with the state-owned Egyptian Electricity Transmission Company, and drafted and negotiated the settlement agreement on behalf of all 32 Benban project developers.
  • Advised the Italien developer Italgen on its negotiations with the New and Renewable Energy Authority (NREA) and Egyptian Electricity Transmission Company (EETC) in connection with the development of 320 MW wind power project under the merchant scheme in the Gulf of Suez, converted into a BOO project; and advised Italgen on the exit from the project and the multi-million USD settlement reached with NREA and EETC to effect the exit.
  • Advised juqi on the construction of the world’s largest solar hybrid project at the Centamin off-grid gold mine in Egypt, with a capacity of 36 MW bi-facial solar and 7.5 MW batter-energy storage system.

Riad & Riad

Riad & Riad individuals always provide a satisfying level of clarity and responsiveness’, says a client about the firm’s project and infrastructure department. Checking compliance, securing authorisations and drafting corporate documents are amongst the services offered to clients. Fatma Salah and Mohamed Riad jointly lead the team, with both having extensive experience in a host of sectors including construction and energy.

Practice head(s):

Fatma Salah; Mohamed Riad


Excellent Egyptian law firm able to interface seamlessly with international counsel.’

‘Fatmah Salah is an experienced dispute resolution lawyer who is very responsive and commercial. Would highly recommend.’

‘Riad & Riad team has demonstrated great support to their clients. working with them in two projects now, I find them the most convenient law firm, as they put the client’s interest as their first priority. The diversity of issues that Riad & Riad can work with made them always our first choice. For instance, their experience in dealing with matters related with construction contracts, disputed government related liabilities (taxes, social insurance), etc.’

‘Riad & Riad individuals always provide a satisfying level of clarity and responsiveness. Also we were always confident that Riad & Riad management properly contributed in any legal service provided to us.’

‘We worked with Riad & Riad on an upstream oil and gas project. Our point of contact was Dr Fatma Salah. It was good to see that she utilised other subject matter experts where necessary. Our impression was that the firm operates as a cohesive whole (rather than in silos), and is well-resourced. We expect clients in the oil industry would be impressed by Riad & Riad’s responsiveness and sector expertise. We found Riad & Riad’s fees to be reasonable and services were delivered within agreed parameters.’

‘What I liked about working with Dr Salah is that, in addition to the excellent Egyptian law advice and analysis she provides, Dr Salah has great oil sector and market knowledge. We work with local counsel in several jurisdictions and consider that Dr Salah stands out from competitors by virtue of her combination of legal and industry know-how adds additional value and depth to her advice.’

‘Riad & Riad is our go to practice for advice on Egyptian law. I recently worked with the energy team on a country entry for a major international oil company. The team has excellent knowledge of both local law and practice. Their research of applicable case law and analysis was spot on. Generally, the advice I received was relevant, commercial and helpful to the client. This is not always the case when dealing with local law firms. Riad & Riad circulates a regular newsletter on developments in Egyptian law (including laws relevant to the energy industry) which I find very useful.’

‘I would highly recommend Dr. Fatma Salah. Dr. Fatma has impressive knowledge of Egyptian law and practice. Her key strength is applying the law in the context of the energy industry and prevailing government practices – which I understand are not always consistent in Egypt. This results in advice which is practical and commercially relevant. In addition, she is very responsive and easy to work with.’

‘They are agile, intelligent, young and experienced. They are particularly well versed with all type of projects and the contract structures.’

‘They are very good at details and the quality of their reports on the legal opinion is superb and always reliable.’

Key clients

Bombardier Alstom

Fawaz Al-Hokair Group


Eni, S.P.A

Aviation Industry Corporation of China (AVIC)

FAS Energy

ECS – Energy and Contracting Solutions


Kelloggs Tolaram Noodles Egypt




Taisei Corporation

Airport City Real Estate Co.

Work highlights

  • Advising Bombardier Transportation, the global mobility leader, in relation to its EPC contract with the Egyptian National Tunnel Authority regarding the mega project of the Monorail Transportation System for the New Administration Capital and the 6th of October City.
  • Representing the Saudi Arabian group Al-Hokair in its prominent project with the New Urban Communities Authority (NUCA) to set up a waste-to-energy (WtE) facility in 10th of Ramadan City with investment value of USD 100 million.
  • Advising the consortium of China Railway Group Limited & AVIC International Holding Corporation in relation to the 10th of Ramadan Railway Project. We provided our legal support in relation to the EPC Contract with National Authority for Tunnels (“NAT”) at a total value of $1.2 billion.

Sharkawy & Sarhan Law Firm

Sharkawy & Sarhan Law Firm climbs the ranking this year, acting in projects and infrastructure for development finance institutions, sponsors, and the public sector. The firm is regularly involved in a number of high-profile matters, such as advising on the first two dry ports in Egypt. Mohamed Hazzaa leads the power and renewables team and has worked on complex transactions as well as power and utility projects. The oil, gas and mineral resource department is headed by Heba Raslan who is experienced in PPP, regulated industries, and other regulatory projects, and was promoted to partner in 2021.

Practice head(s):

Mohamed Hazzaa; Heba Raslan


‘Very knowledgeable and experienced in all legal maters related to power purchase agreements and execution thereof.’

‘Mohamed Hazzaa is very professional and enjoys deep experience in power purchase agreements.’

‘Extremely responsive team with highly innovative thinking and outstanding commercial acumen.’

‘The team was very professional, up-to-date with regards to the latest legislations, and laws. Also, their response to any unplanned urgent meetings or calls was excellent and up to our expectations.’

‘We dealt mainly with Heba Raslan and her team, she was available all the time, very updated and professional, and always provided advice on different subjects, and if outside the scope of work, she always assisted us with referrals and follow up to assist us on all aspects and levels.’

‘It’s a full service firm and with a very high standard of service, all reasonably priced. The firm has an incredible track record and have been involved in many large transactions in Egypt and so is able to draw from precedents to solve issues, including in project finance deals. Also very responsive and business oriented.’

Key clients

Centamin Plc


Intro Group

KarmSolar Group


European Bank for Reconstruction and Development “EBRD”

African Development Bank “AFDB”


Work highlights

  • Advising a number of banks and international financial institutions including the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the OPEC Fund for International Development and the African Development Bank on the financing of a 200 MW solar power plant on a Build, Own, Operate scheme located in Kom Ombo Aswand developed by Acwa Power.
  • Advising EBRD on the financing to be granted to October Dry Port Company, a special purpose vehicle established for the development and construction of the 6th of October dry port project, the first PPP project in this sector, to be operated under a BOT scheme.
  • Acting for th EBRD as a lender’s local counsel, in relation to the USD 10 million loan to TAQA PV for Solar Energy, the renewable energy arm of TAQA Arabia. The loan will finance the construction of a 6 MW solar photovoltaic plant, in one of Egypt’s first private-to-private renewable energy projects.

Al Tamimi & Company

With particular strengths in project finance, Al Tamimi & Company handles a number of major deals on domestic and international level. Real estate, railway, and renewable energy are part of the portfolio of sectors the firm advises its clients on. Lead partner Ehab Taha has strengths in corporate and property development financing transactions, having worked with regulators, borrowers, government bodies, and financial institutions.

Practice head(s):

Ehab Taha

Key clients

Cairo 3A Poultry

Bonyan for Development and Trade S.A.E

Integrated Diagnostics Holdings (IDH)

ALC Alieldean Weshahi & Partners

ALC Alieldean Weshahi & Partners is a commercial and financial boutique law firm with offices in Cairo that joins the ranking this year. The firm’s specialisations in this practice area lie in advising on projects financed by development finance institutions. Recent highlights include large-scale real estate projects in newly built Egypt cities such as the New Administrative Capital and the New Alamein City. Practice head Ahmed Weshahi is well versed in project financing deals, as well as construction and infrastructure projects.

Practice head(s):

Ahmed Weshahi

Other key lawyers:

Bahaa Alieldean

Key clients

Ministry of Housing, Utilities and Urban Communities

New Urban Communities Authority

Administrative Capital for Urban Development

City Edge Developments

ARDIC for Real Estate for Real Estate Developments and Investment

Saudi Egyptian Developers (SECON)

The Industrial Construction & Engineering Company (SIAC)

Work highlights

  • Advising the New Urban Communities Authority (NUCA) on the design-build contract with China State Construction and Engineering Corporation (CSCEC), to develop 18 high rise towers in the New Administrative Capital, with a value exceeding USD 3 billion.
  • Advising NUCA on the design-build contract with CSCEC to develop 3 high rise towers in the New Alamein City (Egypt’s north coast), with a value exceeding EGP 1 billion.
  • Advising City Edge Developments on hotel operating agreements with ACCOR regarding the opening of two branded hotels (Fairmont and Raffles) in the New Administrative Capital.

Dentons Egypt LLC

Dentons Egypt LLC assists clients in projects from financing, planning and design, and procurement to documentation and securing permits. Department head and managing partner Michael Lacey brings to bear extensive experience in international construction projects, with a focus on privatisations. He is further active in major BOT projects in a host of industries including energy, health, and infrastructure.

Practice head(s):

Michael Lacey

Key clients

Managing Company EFKO, AO

ChelPipe International AG

The National Central Cooling Company PJSC

Smart Pipe Company Inc

Soliman, Hashish & Partners

Soliman, Hashish & Partners joins the ranking with a ‘unique ability to provide legally considered and commercially astute advice’, according to a client. The firm’s projects department covers railway infrastructure, joint ventures, and construction, amongst others. Mohamed Hashish is the key contact.

Practice head(s):

Mohamed Hashish


‘The team has a unique ability to provide legally considered and commercially astute advice. Work ethics is front and centre of what they do. They are our go to lawyers in Egypt.’

Key clients

Arizona State University

Wabtec Inc.

Mapei SPA

Applied Technology & Management Inc.

Mueller Water Products


Polimeros Mexicanos

Work highlights

  • Acting as a legal counsel to Arizona State University on its first ever dual degree programme in collaboration with Al Galala University.
  • Acting as a legal counsel to Wabtec Inc. with respect to the supply of locomotives to the Egyptian Railway Authority.
  • Acting as a legal counsel to Mapei SPA with respect to the construction of its first ever plant in Egypt.