Firms To Watch: Customs, trade, WTO and anti-dumping

Eva Monard and Renato Antonini were new arrivals at Steptoe & Johnson LLP in October 2021.

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Customs, trade, WTO and anti-dumping in Belgium

Mayer Brown

Noted for its strength in multi-jurisdictional antidumping investigations and WTO disputes, the team at Mayer Brown routinely acts on behalf of various entities in a range of countries, including Russia, China, Turkey, and the US. In recent months, the group has found itself increasingly engaged on trade defence mandates, contesting sanctions and export control measures. The practice is jointly led by Nikolay Mizulin, a specialist in trade remedies and WTO dispute settlements, and Paulette Vander Schueren, whose broad experience also encompasses high-level committee discussions at the WCO. Dylan Geraets is recommended for his knowledge of customs and excise legislation, while Edouard Gergondet has expertise in trade compliance and African Continental Free Trade Area opportunities.

Practice head(s):

Nikolay Mizulin; Paulette Vander Schueren

Other key lawyers:

Dylan Geraets; Edouard Gergondet


‘Paulette Van Der Schueren and her team add unique value by translating deep knowledge on international trade, customs & WTO law into advice that supports business priorities and challenge resolutions. Combining her deep technical know how with understanding the client’s business, she is able to identify creative solutions focused on adding value. Paulette’s advice also stands out because of its holistic approach taking into account both technical legal arguments and the external political environment.’

‘Paulette Van Der Schueren stands out by her strategic approach and creative advice. She also has a high level of responsiveness to meet client’s needs.’

Key clients



Daido Steel Company Ltd.



SVEZA Group and United Panel Group (“UPG”)

LG Chem, Ltd

Xiamen Xiashun Aluminium Foil Co. Ltd and its parent Daching Enterprises Ltd. (“Xiamen Xiashun”)

Siemens Gamesa Renewable Energy GmbH & Co. KG (“SGRE”)

Arteco, Equistar Chemicals, HELM, Indorama Ventures Oxides, Oxyde, and Tricon Energy

Work highlights

  • Acting for Gazprom in a WTO challenge brought by the Russian government against the EU with regard to the third energy package.
  • Acting for Eurochem in the EU’s anti-dumping proceedings on imports of urea ammonium nitrate solutions (“UAN”) and ammonium nitrate from Russia, including in two related complaints before the General Court.
  • Representing Novolipetsk Steel in a challenge before the General Court of a combined application of the safeguard and antidumping measures on the same steel products.

V V G B Advocaten-Avocats

Acting for a broad client roster that ranges from Fortune 500 companies to governments and international trade associations, V V G B Advocaten-Avocats routinely handles a litany of anti-dumping, safeguarding, and anti-subsidy investigations before various EU courts and institutions. The group also fields a robust third country trade defence offering, with recent engagements in Brazil, China, the US, and the Eurasian Economic Union. Co-practice head Edwin Vermulst is a prolifically active EU trade defence counsel who is well-regarded for his expertise in anti-dumping subsidies and safeguards. Co-practice head Folkert Graafsma specialises in international trade law and WTO law, regularly representing clients in antidumping and countervailing duty proceedings. Joris Cornelis is similarly active, working with various global actors on EU Court and WTO dispute settlement cases. Juhi Dion Sud is noted for her representation of governments and experience in trade defence investigations in the US, Canada and South Africa.

Practice head(s):

Edwin Vermulst; Folkert Graafsma

Other key lawyers:

Joris Cornelis; Juhi Dion Sud


‘We have been working with a very strong and knowledgeable team of two trade partners at VVGB – Mr. Edwin Vermulst and Ms. Juhi Dion Sud. We are impressed with the professionalism, knowledge, experience and attitude of the VVGB lawyers.’

‘VVGB is very transparent and correct with billing and we very much appreciate it. In the COVID era companies across the world have had to change working techniques and approaches. VVGB had no problem with this new method of working. The timing and quality of the legal services provided during the peak of the pandemic were perfect and in line with the high standards of VVGB as usual.’

‘As for Edwin Vermulst, no introduction is necessary as he is a leader in international trade law. Edwin’s knowledge, experience, to the point advice, cooperative approach with everyone, and flexibility make him the best trade lawyer in our view.

‘Juhi is one of the best lawyers in her field. She is very knowledgeable, sharp, hardworking and prompt. She is excellent with strategy, and we consider her a part of our team, not an external lawyer.’

‘VVGB together with their stars lawyers Edwin Vermulst & Juhi Sud are a versatile and very knowledgEable team and our go to for trade topics in the EU.’

‘Juhi Sud with her 15 years experience in the field has a wide area of knowledge and can apply her intricate knowledge of WTO law.’

Key clients

Polyplast JSC

Hunting/Bestlink/Tianjin Pipe Corporation

River Kwai

The Electrosteel Group

Liaoning Dajin Heavy Industry Corporation


PCC BakkiSilicon hf (“PCC”)

The World Federation of Sporting Goods Industry (“WFSGI”)

Huawei Technologies

The WACKER Group

MMK Metalurji Sanayi Ticaret ve Liman Işletmeciliği A. Ş.

Work highlights

  • Handling several projects for Huawei over the past years concerning the assessment of the legality and impact of the various cyber security laws being promulgated in the EU member states.
  • Assisting WACKER in numerous trade defence cases across various jurisdictions and with several customs law-related issues.
  • Representing the WFSGI and its members in trade defence matters and continuing to advise the WFGSI on global customs matters and technical barriers to trade-related issues.

Van Bael & Bellis

Van Bael & Bellis‘ sizeable team enjoys a formidable market reputation on account of its prolific trade defence and WTO dispute settlement practice. Beyond its significant workflow of EU anti-dumping, anti-subsidy, and safeguarding investigations, the group is handling a growing number of offshore cases, including numerous WTO disputes. Managing partner and practice head Philippe De Baere has decades of experience in the full breadth of EU proceedings, while Benoît Servais is a regular port of call for various entities seeking representation before the EU Court of Justice. Jean-François Bellis enjoys a stellar reputation among clients for his deep expertise in international trade law. Fabrizio Di Gianni focuses on trade defence instruments, and is additionally noted for his deep experience in investigations instigated by third countries – an area where Gabriele Coppo is also a key contact. Isabelle Van Damme – an international trade specialist who splits her time between Brussels and Geneva – was recently promoted to partner. Richard Luff  is another name to note.

Practice head(s):

Philippe De Baere

Other key lawyers:

Jean-François Bellis; Benoît Servais; Fabrizio Di Gianni; Gabriele Coppo; Isabelle Van Damme; Richard Luff


‘High level connections, strong push to deliver, very professional.’

‘Richard Luff is simply outstanding.’

‘Steve Ross is very smart and committed.’

Key clients

AGP Glass



Canon Europa NV

Clarebout Potatoes NV

Confederation of Norwegian Enterprise

Dingsheng Group



European Parliament

General Electric

Giant Manufacturing Co.

Government of China (MOFCOM)

Government of Indonesia

Government of Italy

Government of Japan (METI)

HBIS Serbia



Lotte Chemical Louisiana


Metalcam SpA




Trina Solar

The Dow Chemical Company


Work highlights

  • Acting for the Government of Indonesia in the WTO dispute settlement proceeding concerning certain measures imposed by the EU and its member states in the framework of its renewable energy directives limiting the use of palm oil and oil palm crop-based biofuels.
  • Representing Europacable in the first major anti-dumping and anti-subsidy proceedings initiated by the EU Commission against imports of high-tech products in the telecoms’ industries.
  • Representing GE Wind Energy in the anti-dumping proceeding concerning imports of steel wind towers originating in China.


Dentons is highly regarded by clients for its capabilities in market access trade disputes, TDI measures, sanctions, and export controls, where it frequently works with the firm’s international network. The team is particularly noted for its strength in Russian, Eurasian, and Chinese anti-dumping disputes and investigations, led by Belgium managing partner Edward Borovikov. Xiaoyi Tang specialises in international trade law and WTO proceedings, and is also experienced in cross-border transactions in the EU and China. Nadiya Nychay has left the firm.

Practice head(s):

Edward Borovikov

Other key lawyers:

Xiaoyi Tang


‘Dentons’ team is well positioned to advise international clients in EU trade remedy investigations. The team is very knowledgeable. They also helped our company to communicate with EU institutions and industrial organisations, which is very important to us.’

‘We highly recommend Mr. Xiaoyi Tang. He has in depth knowledge in EU trade remedy issues. He also knows the steel industry very well. He is well connected in Brussels, which is necessary for our working relationship.’

‘As a large law firm, Dentons has offices and cooperation networks all over the world, as well as so many professional lawyers who speak different languages, which are quite useful for the clients who are subject to trade remedy investigations.’

‘Mr.Tang Xiaoyi, as a lawyer of Dentons, works in Europe but provides great service to we Chinese clients. He is familiar with our industry, our companies as his clients and products involved in most cases. Rigorous and meticulous.’

Key clients

Corning Incorporated, USA

The NLMK Group

China Chamber of Commerce for Import and Export of Machinery and Electronic Products (“CCCME”)

The Severstal Group

Ministry of Commerce of China (MOFCOM)

Bayer AG

The Rusal Group

Silvery Dragon Prestressed Materials Co. Ltd Tianjin (Silvery Dragon)

The Segezha Group

The TMK Group

Work highlights

  • Assisting, on behalf of the two Russian steel producers, the Russian Ministry of Economic Development in the dispute with the European Union in a WTO dispute settlement case.
  • Advising Bayer AG and Corteva Agrisciences regarding the exclusion of certain innovative products from the scope of anti-dumping measures of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) on import of herbicide from the EU.
  • Represented Novolipetsk Steel (the NLMK Group), the Severstal Group, the TMK Group, MMK, the CHTPZ Group, Foundation of Tube Industry (Russia) in a Turkish safeguard investigation on imports of certain steel products from all exporting countries.


Fieldfisher is routinely sought out for its international trade remedy and trade defence capabilities, lodging complaints and defending EU organisations via anti-dumping and anti-subsidy measures against unfair import practices. Petitioner-side countervailing and anti-circumvention actions are further core competencies. Practice head Laurent Ruessmann is noted for his broad international trade experience under various international agreements and in a myriad of sectors. Jochen Beck is an experienced adviser on a host of trade and regulatory issues governed by EU and member state legislation, with a keen focus on EU and third country trade defence instruments.

Practice head(s):

Laurent Ruessmann

Other key lawyers:

Jochem Beck


‘Jochen Beck and Laurent Ruessmmann are among the creme de la creme of trade practitioners in Brussels and Europe. They consistently win cases for their clients – sometimes against the odds and entrenched legal and political opposition at EU level.’

‘Laurent Ruessmann has a brilliant and agile mind – he is very sensitive not just to the legal aspects of any case but also the court of public opinion and knows how to bring in the media and political audiences to bear on any successful outcome for his clients. Jochen is a workhorse who delivers time and time again on all the detailed analysis for his clients and complex cases.’

‘Very focused team to work with in their timely deliverables to clients.’

‘Jochen Beck is one of the outstanding professionals to work with. He is very dedicated and quite informative with all the up-to-date developments in law.’

Key clients

TECH-FAB EUROPE (and members)











Work highlights

  • Acted for Tech-Fab Europe in a case where the Commission agreed to countervail subsidies granted to exporting producers not only from the country where the exporting producer is located (Egypt) but also from the country where the exporting producer’s parent company is located (China).
  • Represented CEPI and its members in an Indian AD investigation concerning newsprint paper and achieved the termination of the case without measures due to a weighing of the overall interests of different parties.
  • Assisted HSWT in the the preparation of an expiry review of the AD measures on imports of aspartame from China.

Gide Loyrette Nouel A.A.R.P.I

Gide Loyrette Nouel A.A.R.P.I fields a team comprising experienced trade lawyers, many of whom have held previous senior positions within the EU Commission. The group works acts for a broad cross-section of high-profile Belgian and international entities on a range of EU and WTO proceedings. The practice is noted for its capabilities acting on behalf of EU exporters, lodging complaints against alleged unfair practices and challenging the use of trade defence measures by third countries. The practice is jointly led by Olivier Prost, a highly experienced adviser and litigator in the international trade space, and Anna Claudia Coelho Dias, a specialist in trade defence instruments and international regulatory frameworks. Clément Bouvarel is similarly noted for his knowledge of EU trade defence instruments and WTO law.

Other key lawyers:

Clément Bouvarel


‘Very good expertise in some specific EU/WTO legal practice such as trade defence.’

‘Good reliability and availability of partners, associates and junior assigned to the case. In particular, we have worked very well with Olivier Prost, who provided a very qualitative legal support on our topics.’

‘Great legal expertise and experience in the field, recognized by clients and public institutions. Continuous effort to innovate.

‘Exceptional competence and professionalism, quick response and total availability in listening and support from Olivier Prost, Anna Dias, and Clement Bouvarel.’

‘Very professional, interactive and knowledgeable. It is a diverse team with various backgrounds which also brings by itself a lot of strength which I saw in the team.’

Key clients

Saint Gobain PAM

Total S.E.


Marangoni SpA

ECGA (European Carbon and Graphite Association)

GrafTech France SNC, GrafTech Iberica SL

Showa Denko Europe GmbH

Tokai Erft Carbon GmbH

Government of Morocco and OCP

Comité Européen des Fabricants de Sucre (CEFS)

Cosun Beet Co.

Südzucker AG

Alstom S.A.

Danish Aquaculture Organisation

Work highlights

  • Acting for ArcelorMittal European mills in an anti-dumping investigation initiated by the Turkish trade authorities concerning the import of hot rolled flat steel products from the EU.
  • Represented the Moroccan government in an anti-subsidy investigation on phosphate fertiliser, ensuring that duties imposed to OCP were significantly lower than those imposed on Russian exporters.
  • Representing Saint Gobain PAM in multiple EU trade defence proceedings to ensure a level playing field against unfair imports from Asia.

Hogan Lovells International LLP

Drawing on a broad international network of lawyers in Brussels, London and Washington DC, Hogan Lovells International LLP represents some of the world's largest companies and governmental bodies on economic sanctions, export controls, and trade defence proceedings before the General Court and the Court of Justice of the European Union. Lourdes Catrain heads up the Brussels-based EU international trade team, routinely working with clients on anti-dumping, anti-subsidy, and safeguarding investigations. Falk Schöning focuses primarily on EU and German export control rules, and is experienced in policy advocacy matters. Stéphanie Seeuws is noted for her trade defence capabilities acting before EU courts and advising on third country trade defence measures. Eleni Theodoropoulou has particular expertise in EU customs matters and investment law.

Practice head(s):

Lourdes Catrain; Deen Kaplan; Beth Peters; Ajay Kuntamukkala

Other key lawyers:

Falk Schöning; Stéphanie Seeuws; Eleni Theodoropoulou


‘Excellent anticipation of practical requirements with changes in regulations and laws. We used this firm extensively for preparations on Brexit and they were good at picking out some immediate needs vs. longer terms concerns, so we could direct our businesses to the right preparations. Long time adviser on EU/ UK trade compliance and sanctions issues.’

‘Lourdes Catrain is highly responsive and has a good understanding of US vs the world on trade and sanctions regulations and helps us put together clear processes. We have used Lourdes for training of our EU folks on general trade matters – good in training and understanding company requirements.’

‘Eleni Theodoropoulou is clear and precise.’

‘Very knowledgeable, very professional team. They can easily cover multiple jurisdictions and work in multiple languages. They have a depth of experience with working with a broad range of agencies.’

‘Lourdes Catrain leads the practice and she is a very accessible and responsive person. I like her hands-on style. She manages a number of talented associates as well.’

‘Lourdes Catrain and Stéphanie Seeuws are an excellent team. They are incredibly responsive, and have been helpful not only with specific asks we have of them, but also monitoring what is happening in the general space in which we operate and making sure we are aware of relevant developments.’

‘Stéphanie Seeuws is incredibly detail-oriented, and Lourdes Catrain provides great (complementary) oversight and strategy. They have a keen ability to listen to us to determine what is most important, and always offer insight and potential solutions that fit with our strategy.’

Key clients


Dell Technologies




Work highlights

  • Represented Pfizer in a case before the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) in relation to the customs classification of Pfizer’s Thermacare range of products used to treat joint and muscle pain.
  • Advising Dell as lead transaction, antitrust, and foreign direct investment counsel on the recently announced sale of its IT security business RSA to Symphony Technology Group for $2.075bn.
  • Advised a leading global pharmaceutical company, on various matters relating to EU export control and economic sanctions before Italy’s export control authorities, UAMA which resulted in certain active ingredients to be exempted from export license.

Herbert Smith Freehills LLP

Herbert Smith Freehills LLP is frequently instructed by a diverse roster of multinational corporations and sovereign governments seeking representation in free trade agreements, negotiations, and WTO dispute settlement proceedings. The team is also noted for its active sanctions regime advisory practice. Lode Van Den Hende is an experienced international and EU trade law practitioner with recent experience representing clients before the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU), and in investor-state disputes against the EU. Eric White has considerable experience of WTO proceedings and is a prolific advisor to the European Commission before the General Court and the CJEU. Morris Schonberg is noted for his representation of sovereign clients in WTO dispute settlements.

Practice head(s):

Lode Van Den Hende

Other key lawyers:

Eric White; Morris Schonberg


‘Customer centric and pragmatic solution oriented.’

‘I worked with Lode Van Den Hende; pragmatic and solution oriented. Fast responses.’

‘Efficient EU Law team headed by Lode van den Hende. Very experienced. Excellent expertise. Very reliable.’

‘Herbert Smith Freehills is one of the very few top law firms to have a separate trade and WTO practice. As a result, they have unique experience advising clients on a number of the precedent-setting and landmark legal cases in this area. The team have also excelled in advising clients on complex legal matters created by Brexit – they have shown that they are extremely innovative and they are able to adapt extremely quickly to the circumstances at hand.’

‘The team is comprised of stand-out partners across a number of areas, such as WTO law, investor-state disputes and trade policy, amongst others. The HSF team are really head and shoulders above other law firms in this area.’

‘The stand-out individual is Lode van den Hende, who leads HSF’s International Trade and WTO Law practice from Brussels. Lode is by far and away the leading lawyer in this area in the Brussels market. In particular, his knowledge of WTO law and trade defence is exceptional and sets him apart from lawyers from other firms. Lode is also exceptionally client focused in his approach, and is very responsive to queries from clients. A stellar and stand out individual in this area.

‘Lode is supported by senior associate, Morris Schonberg. Morris is exceptionally bright and capable and is very much an outstanding partner in the making.’

Key clients

Nord Stream 2



British American Tobacco

Aquind Limited

British Sugar

Work highlights

  • Representing Nord Stream 2 in its landmark legal challenge of an EU Directive extending EU gas law to the Nord Stream 2 pipeline.
  • Representing British Sugar in its challenge in the English Courts of the UK’s autonomous tariff rate quota for raw cane sugar, on the basis that it amounts to a subsidy to its competitor, Tate & Lyle.
  • Represented Rosneft in its appeal to the Court of Justice of the European Union concerning a legal challenge to EU trade and financial sanctions.

Jones Day

Jones Day‘s team, which is able to draw on its robust network of Europe-wide offices, maintains a strong litigation focus, regularly representing clients before the Court of Justice of the European Union in a number of high-profile, high-stakes trade judgments. Former practice head Renato Antonini and Eva Monard left the firm, as did Byron Maniatis.


‘The members of the Jones Day trade defence team each have the unique quality to be very straightforward with clients, and to offer pragmatic and creative solutions. They don’t waste a client’s time.’

‘Jones Day is a global firm that fits our needs.’

Key clients

Fincantieri S.p.A


Solvay S.A.

Jindal Saw Ltd and Jindal Saw Italia SA / Sertubi (Jindal)

Wego Chemical Group

Jinan Meide Casting Co., LTD

Ansaldo Energia

China Chamber of Commerce of Metals Minerals & Chemicals (CCCMC)

China Chamber of Commerce for Import and Export of Machinery and Electronic Products (CCCME)

Cambodia Rice Federation (CRF)

Work highlights

  • Representing Jindal in the context of EU trade defence proceedings and related EU litigation.
  • Advising Fincantieri S.p.A in the context of general trade issues, as well as sanctions and export control matters.
  • Representing the CRF in the context of EU litigation against the first-ever EU GSP-safeguard measures

Reed Smith

Working collaboratively with the its offices in London and Washington DC, Reed Smith has a highly capable team with a noted niche acting at the juncture of international trade, sanctions, and shipping law. Yves Melin is an experienced international trade and customs lawyer who regularly represents a diverse roster of clients in trade remedy proceedings. Philippe Heeren is noted for his knowledge of customs legal advisory, investigations and litigations, and EU regulatory matters. Jin Woo Kim is noted for his capabilities in WTO proceedings.

Practice head(s):

Yves Melin; Leigh Hansson; Mike Lowell

Other key lawyers:

Philippe Heeren; Jin Woo Kim


‘The main partner Yves Melin is specialised in that field and one can immediately see it. The team is composed of international lawyers located all around the globe and provides therefore a global coverage.’

‘Excellent legal advice; great network with a view to EU institutions, authorities, organisations.’

‘Very high degree of professional knowledge, excellent legal and strategic advice’

‘The team works well together. They are thorough and each has a specific role to play so there is no overlap. They also have very good strategies to work on your problems.’

‘Yves Melin is extremely organised and an excellent communicator. His associate Philippe Heeren is a great strategist and also takes time to understand the entire story to develop the best path forward. They both are very good at what they do.

‘The team is very knowledgeable – in practical terms – about the sectors in which they have legal expertise. This is not always the case for lawyers who often are capable of quoting chapter and verse of legislation but are unaware of the day to day operations of a specific sector.’

‘Yves Melin is an extremely competent, and likeable, lawyer who makes complex legal issues understandable to the lay person. His knowledge of trade and customs legislation – and, importantly, the sector in operational terms – is extensive and very valuable.’

‘A well-balanced team for trade defence, export control and customs issues. So, an easy one-stop-shop for any issue arising from a notification of OLAF or any European border-related law enforcement.’

White & Case LLP

The Brussels office of White & Case LLP draws on the firm’s substantial global network of lawyers to handle a litany of trade remedies cases for clients in the steel, automotive, petrochemicals, chemicals, machinery, hi-tech and agrifood sectors. The highly regarded James Killick heads up the team’s trade remedies and export controls desk, while Jacquelyn MacLennan and Genevra Forwood are noted for their expertise in customs and sanctions, respectively.

Practice head(s):

James Killick; Jacquelyn MacLennan; Genevra Forwood

Other key lawyers:

Sara Nordin


‘Sara Nordin is incredibly good at providing cutting-edge advice on all customs and WTO law.’

‘Sara has a very solid customs practice.’

‘James Killick: he is the best of the best.’

‘We have worked mainly with James Killick who is very competent and professionally well prepared. He is always ready to meet our requests and has been always very knowledgeable.’

‘I work regularly with Brussels Partner Genevra Forwood, who is a brilliant advocate before the European Court of Justice and a top specialist of trade sanctions. She is extremely sharp and totally devoted to her clients.’

Key clients

The Federal Republic of Germany

European Steel Association (Eurofer)

Celsa Group


Ministry of Agriculture of the Kingdom of Morocco

Dana Astra

Work highlights

  • Advised Germany in the DOC CVD investigation of Forged Steel Fluid End Blocks.
  • Successfully represented Eurofer, the European Steel Association with 39 members in 22 countries, in a recently concluded anti-dumping case against imports of certain hot-rolled flat products of iron, non-alloy or other alloy steel originating in Turkey.
  • Representing the Moroccan agricultural and fisheries sectors in a series of high-profile cases before the EU Courts (Cases T-279/19 and T-344/19) concerning the EU’s ability – as a matter of EU law and public international law – to conclude trade and fisheries agreements with Morocco that apply to the contested territory of Western Sahara.

Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton

Working seamlessly with the firm's practice in Washington DC, Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton's team routinely provides coordinated transatlantic advice to a range of both European industry and third country exporter clients seeking representation in trade defence proceedings. François-Charles Laprévote is noted for his broad experience of international trade law, including state aid and defence instruments. Till Müller-Ibold is noted for his knowledge of sanctions regulation, public procurement and representation before the European Courts.

Other key lawyers:

François-Charles Laprévote; Till Müller-Ibold


‘They are one of the best law firms around in EU trade law as they constantly look for the best solutions, taking all aspects of a case into account.  The lawyers are always collaborative, patient and professional which makes them a pleasure to work with.’

‘Senior Counsel Till Mueller-Ibold is a veritable genius when it comes to EU law. His extraordinary work is comparable only to a handful of people in the field and his tremendous experience makes him a formidable ally to have on any legal matter.’

Key clients


City Cycle

PT Chin Haur


LG Chem

Work highlights

  • Successfully represented Ajinomoto Foods Europe (“AFE”) in its request to the European Commission to extend and amplify MSG trade defence measures.
  • Provided counsel to two bicycles producers, PT Chin Haur and City Cycle in a successful litigation before the European General Court against a circumvention regulation extending anti-dumping duties to bicycles originating in China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Tunisia and Sri Lanka.


The team at Garrigues, which has strong ties to Spain and Latin America, is regularly engaged in trade defence mandates by various actors in the agri-food and steel sectors. Ángel Givaja, who handles trade remedies and advises on third country customs issues, leads the team. Dual-qualified (New York and Brussels) Sam Villiers is noted for his capabilities in safeguarding investigations in the steel sector.

Practice head(s):

Angel Givaja

Other key lawyers:

Sam Villiers


‘Garrigues has a wealth of experience in this practice, and they give us a good service.’

‘Ángel Gibaja defends our interests in this process effectively and efficiently.’

‘Brilliant performance, and assistance on legal matters.’

‘Angel Givaja made a great effort and was involved directly on all the issues. The main quality was that you can consider as a colleague of the company, and protect your interests as vigorously as he would protect his own.’

‘Good teamwork with clients, good collaboration and helps to understand complex anti-dumping procedures.’

‘The firm has good presence close to the relevant decision makers. They have access and know the people first hand and are able to guide you in whatever process you require.’

‘It’s a very complete team but special mention must go to Angel Givaja, who is an outstanding professional. He is able to grasp the details of any complex technical matter and extract the essence of it. He is also very down-to-earth and easy to get in touch with.’

Key clients

Spanish Association of ripe olive exporters (ASEMESA)

BlueScope Steel

CELO Suzhou Precision Fasteners

Affordable Medicines Europe (formerly European Association of Euro-Pharmaceutical Companies)

Maghreb Steel

Spanish National Federation of Associations of Processed Fruit and Vegetables (FENAVAL)





Afric Light




Work highlights

  • Assisted FENAVAL, the Spanish National Federation of Associations of Processed Fruit and Vegetables, in a successful petition which led the European Commission to prolong its anti-dumping duties on imports of certain prepared or preserved citrus fruits originating in the People’s Republic of China.
  • Representing ASEMESA, the Spanish Association of ripe olive exporters, in the ongoing high-profile US ITC anti-dumping and anti-subsidy investigation into imports of ripe olives from Spain.
  • Representing CELO Suzhou Precision Fasteners in the European Commission’s anti-dumping investigation concerning imports of steel fasteners originating in China.

K&L Gates GP

Under the leadership of Philip Torbøl, the team at K&L Gates GP focuses specifically on customs, trade and WTO matters for a mix of well-known international companies and advocacy groups. Giovanni Campi is highly experienced in advocacy strategy, policy analysis and interest representation, while Alessandro Di Mario focuses on market access issues, including UN and EU sanctions and restrictive measures. Miguel Angel Caramello Alvarez is noted for his broad experience in the rail sector, working with both EU and international rail transport clients.

Practice head(s):

Philip Torbøl

Other key lawyers:

Giovanni Campi; Alessandro Di Mario; Miguel Angel Caramello Alvarez

Key clients

Amadeus IT Group

TABC (Trans-Atlantic Business Council)

LG Chem

Jota Aviation

King & Spalding LLP

King & Spalding LLP's Brussels office is experienced in trade remedies, working with a mix of sovereign governments, European associations and corporations on WTO dispute settlement proceedings. The team also has key knowledge of trade policy and investment treaties, advising a number of pharmaceutical companies and alcoholic beverage producers. Practice head Marie-Sophie Dibling is a key figure for trade litigation before the Court of Justice of the European Union, and is an invaluable contact for the firm's manufacturing client base. Léo Amiel is noted for his representation of industrial companies before the EU Commission and other foreign trade authorities.

Practice head(s):

Marie-Sophie Dibling

Other key lawyers:

Léo Amiel

Key clients

The European Superabsorbent Polymer Coalition

European Biodiesel Board (EBB)

European Renewable Ethanol Association (ePURE)

Confederation of European Paper Industry (CEPI)

The UK Renewable Transport Fuel Association

Novelis Deutschland and Italia

Moroccan Textile Industry Association (Association Marocaine des Industries du Textile et de l’Habillement – AMITH)

Roquette Frères