The Legal 500

Syria

Editorial

Legal market overview

With the conflict in Syria having been ongoing since 2011, it is estimated that the country’s economy has been damaged to the tune of $20bn as Syria’s two most important sectors – tourism and oil – have been deeply affected. Syria has also been hit by steep falls in productivity, high unemployment levels and ruined infrastructure. Furthermore, the Arab League, the US and the EU have imposed sanctions on the country, which are designed to deter investors from doing business with Syria.

Consequently, most of Syria’s law firms have been unable to offer full-service practices; although most of the firms have predominantly domestic practices, Syria’s legal advisers have seen their international workloads diminish greatly or shut down altogether.

Nonetheless, international clients with Syrian business interests continue to require strategic legal advice on how to manage the exits of their investments from the country or how to suspend such investments.

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Legal Developments worldwide

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  • PL: Crime of active corruption and commercial bribery

    A conviction for the crimes of active corruption and commercial bribery, which are defined in art. 229 and 296a of the Polish Criminal Code (CC), not only brings about consequences on the grounds of criminal law, but also implies negative consequences in other spheres of law. One of these involves administrative law, more precisely public procurement law, which provides that company officers convicted for the above-mentioned crimes are to be excluded from public contract award procedures.  read more...
  • Drew & Napier acted for CapitaLand Limited on its joint venture with a subsidiary of Credo Group to

    Drew & Napier acted for CapitaLand Limited (" CapitaLand ") on its joint venture with a subsidiary of Credo Group (" CG ") to develop an integrated development in Central Jakarta, Indonesia. CapitaLand and CG will each hold a 50% stake in the joint venture.
  • ESMA consults on depositary requirements under UCITS V

    The European Securities and Markets Authority has issued a consultation paper seeking feedback from asset management industry members on its draft advice to the European Commission regarding depositary requirements under the forthcoming UCITS V directive. The paper has been drawn up in response to a provisional request from the Commission on July 3 seeking technical advice on the content of two delegated acts on depositaries that the Commission is called on to issue to complement the primary UCITS V legislative text.
  • Tax Update - October 2014

    Our quarterly tax update is dedicated to the main changes which have occurred over the last 3 months with regard to Luxembourg and international tax law. 2014.10.30_taxupdate
  • Taxation, Import, Export and Transfers under Turkish Petroleum Law

    The Turkish Petroleum Law, a touchstone for goals of attracting foreign investors to Turkish petroleum industry entered into force on 11 June 2013 and has been introduced as a revolution in oil and gas industry as it was leveling the playing field for foreign investors and removing the privileged rights of the state company. 
  • SLOT Applications in EU and Turkey

    In consideration of the duties and responsibilities of each two above mentioned authorities, the SLOTs regulations have been mentioned on laws and directives drafted by the DGCA until 17 June 2010. After 17 June 2010, the legal authority for SLOT application was transferred to GDSAA by the Ministry of Transport (restructured and named as Ministry of Transport, Maritime Affairs and Communication as of 01 November 2011).However, in current situation, the legal responsibility for SLOT applications is at the DGCA but the legal power is still exercised by GDSAA.
  • Work Permits under Wet Lease Agreements for Oil Exploration Operations: Secondment is a Solution for

    As part of exploration operations of multinational companies, wet lease agreements are gaining more importance especially in oil and gas industry and foreign carriers who takes part in such operations are still not clear about either their employees require work permit or not, in cases where they entered into a subcontractor and wet lease agreement with Turkish air carriers for air transport works to be conducted under exploration operations. The questions mostly concentrate on classification in status of flying and non flying personnel and the flying field since the operations are offshore. In this article you will find out more specific about what Turkish law requires and how to interpret the law under those two spotlights.
  • SLOT Applications At Turkish Civil Aviation

    Principally, the Turkish civil aviation legislation is prepared by two authorities in Turkey: Directorate General of Civil ("DGCA") and the General Directorate of State Airports Authority ("GDSAA"). DGCA regulates and ensures the development of the civil aviation activities therefore GDSAA performs the management of Turkish airports and controls the Turkish airspace as a state owned enterprise since 1984
  • Amendments to the Companies Act – Power of directors to bind companies

    29 Oct 2014
  • New Guidelines and Proposed Regulations for the Healthcare Sector

    This article discusses some of the recent developments in the healthcare regulatory landscape in Singapore.

Press Releases worldwide

The latest news direct from law firms. If you would like to submit press releases for your firm, send an email request to
  • VEGAS LEX works on regional airports development strategy

    The VEGAS LEX law firm is working on a strategy to develop international airport hubs based on regional airports in Russia.
  • Commercial Litigation and Arbitration Forum: recognition and enforcement of English court judgments

    Head of VEGAS LEX's Dispute Resolution Practice Kirill Trukhanov spoke at the Legal Week Commercial Litigation and Arbitration Forum in London last week
  • VEGAS LEX drafts local air services financing program

    The VEGAS LEX law firm is working on proposals concerning additional funding sources for regional air service programs in Russia
  • Positive Developments for the Economy of Cyprus

    800x600 It has been around one year and a half since the Eurogroup decisions to recapitalise Bank of Cyprus via a bail-in on 25 th of March 2013. Cyprus has worked hard since then to exit the financial crisis and to maintain its status and reputation as an international financial centre. Within October 2014, several positive developments which took place suggest that Cyprus is on a good path. These positive developments include: Normal 0 false false false EN-GB X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";} Normal 0 false false false EN-GB X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif";}
  • VDB Loi assists with first Commercial Tax registration by a non-resident

    VDB Loi, a leading legal and tax advisory firm in Myanmar, was this week able to register an unnamed non-resident foreign company without a branch in Myanmar for Commercial Tax (CT) purposes. According to Myanmar’s tax laws, 5% CT is due on, among other things, all services rendered in the country. This includes services that are performed in Myanmar by foreign or non-resident companies such as engineering, installation, drilling or consulting. Until recently, however, there was confusion about the implementation by foreign companies, many of which were under the impression that the CT did not apply to them, unless they formally opened a branch in the country. That confusion has now been lifted as the Internal Revenue Department (IRD) has issued the first CT registration for a foreign service provider who has no presence or branch in Myanmar.
  • Péter Köves elected Vice President of IBA Bar Issues Commission

    Péter Köves has been elected as the Vice President of the Bar Issues Commission of the International Bar Association ("IBA"), the world's largest association for lawyers, law firms and bars.
  • "POPOV & PARTNERS” WITH A NEW ADDRESS

    We are pleased to inform you that, from 28.10.2014 onward, "Popov & Partners" Law office will be working and admitting clients at a new location. Striving to be closer to the clients, the business and the institutions, we have chosen a site situated at the heart of downtown Sofia, which has excellent transport links and is easily accessible from all parts of the city. The address is: Sveta Nedelya Square N 4, floor 4.We are pleased to inform you that, from 28.10.2014 onward, "Popov & Partners" Law office will be working and admitting clients at a new location. Striving to be closer to the clients, the business and the institutions, we have chosen a site situated at the heart of downtown Sofia, which has excellent transport links and is easily accessible from all parts of the city. The address is: Sveta Nedelya Square N 4, floor 4.
  • Moldova: Amendments to the Legislation on Pledges

    On 25 July 2014, the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova (Moldova) adopted Act No. 173/2014 on amending and supplementing of certain legal acts (Act No. 173). Act No. 173 will enter into force on 8 November 2014 and will inter alia change the Act No. 449/2001 on pledges (Pledges Act). The effected changes will have a direct impact on both guarantees issued before the entrance into force of the Act No. 173 (which will have to be dealt under the new legal provisions) and on obligations to be secured under the new legal frame. Act No. 173 is also meant to introduce a series of novelties into Moldovan legislation.  read more...
  • Avellum Partners’ Tax Practice Recommended by International Tax Review

    Kyiv, 22 October 2014  - Avellum Partners is proud to announce that our Tax Practice has been highly recognized by International Tax Review (" ITR "), a highly reputable international magazine for tax professionals published by Euromoney Plc. In particular, Avellum Partners was ranked within Tier 3 according to the World Tax and World Transfer Pricing 2015 proving its leading reputation in Ukraine.
  • Boult Wade Tennant grows the Trade Mark and Domain Names team with six new professionals