Firms To Watch: Art and cultural property

At Fladgate LLPHetty Gleave heads up the department, which receives plaudits for ‘the extent of its deep knowledge not just of the law but of the international art market, its players and practices, and of art institutions’.

Art and cultural property in London

Boodle Hatfield LLP

Led by Simon Fitzpatrick, Boodle Hatfield LLP has an excellent reputation in the market for its work on big art law litigation cases. It is regarded as one of the premier advisers for those who have highly valuable art collections. In addition, the versatile team advises galleries, artists, auction houses and high-net-worth individuals on their commercial art matters; the group has recently advised on some of the most significant purchases of art. Natasha Hassall specialises in acting for large landed estates with heritage property and substantial art collections, while Eleanor Sepanski advises private clients on the sale and purchase of valuable artworks. Senior associate Fred Clark covers the full spectrum of commercial art matters such as lending, copyright and collection management issues and the buying and selling of art. Rebecca Foden is also recommended.

Practice head(s):

Simon Fitzpatrick

Other key lawyers:

Natasha Hassall; Fred Clark; Eleanor Sepanski; Rebecca Foden


‘It’s an excellent team, with strong leadership under Simon Fitzpatrick and good bench strength. The size of the Art and Cultural team puts it in a small elite group of art sector specialist law firms in London’.

‘Simon Fitzpatrick is excellent to work with, thoughtful, considered with a raft of experience to draw from. Fred Clark is excellent, quick and helpful. He’s also building a strong track record. Rebecca Foden is smart and considered. Clients like working with her’.

‘The breadth and depth of the art law knowledge and capability of the Boodle Hatfield art law team knows few rivals in the London art law market. The team has long-standing pedigree, with strength in both litigation and transactional work, and has worked with an impressive client list over many years’.

‘Simon Fitzpatrick stands out for his knowledge of the art market and his practical and thoughtful approach. Fred Clark has led on some impressive art market transactional work, and has a solid understanding of emerging technologies in the market such as NFTs.’

‘Convincing ability in understanding the risks of the situation. Handling the case with professional guidance and attention’.

‘Strong and established art and cultural property practice. Particularly strong on art related dispute resolution. Their team of art law experts have a deep understanding of the intricacies and unique challenges of the art world, combining legal knowledge with a genuine passion for the arts’.

‘Simon Fitzpatrick heads the team. A serious detail focused litigator. He is assisted by Rebecca Foden and Fred Clark – both rising stars in the art law field’.

‘Simon Fitzpatrick is an outstanding team leader – he is razor sharp, fair minded and commercially sensitive. Rebecca Foden is an absolute star – diligent, empathetic and sensible’.

Farrer & Co

The first-class team at Farrer & Co has a stellar reputation for its art and cultural property expertise and regularly works with international super rich clients. Adrian Parkhouse is highly sought after for his work on major art cases, and senior associate William Charrington is also developing a strong art-related disputes practice. Through Bethan Waters, the department is well regarded for its work in the art lending world. Clients include leading museums and galleries in the UK, charities and top landed estates. Isabel Paintin advises clients on a wide range of issues relating to the ownership of artwork, gifts of heritage assets and heritage tax issues. Julian Smith is another stand-out member of the practice along with Peter Wienand, who advises many cultural organisations and artists on the protection and exploitation of their intellectual property.

Practice head(s):

Adrian Parkhouse; Isabel Paintin

Other key lawyers:

Peter Wienand; Julian Smith; William Charrington; Bethan Waters


‘They are experts and know inside out how to talk to artists and to clients. They are quick because this knowledge is current and up to date. The key capabilities are expert knowledge, care and human ability to communicate across legal and human concerns’.

‘The team are experts and they have built trust with me so that I can ask any question and that will be taken seriously’.

‘Adrian Parkhouse (Partner). He’s top quality and, in terms of raw brain-power, one of the finest litigation solicitors in London. Clients rightly love him, because he gives top quality service and gets superb results. He’s also utterly unflappable in the most extreme circumstances’. 

Will Charrington – He’s super clever, unbelievably hard-working, and an excellent lawyer. Top drawer for any art dispute‘.

‘Farrer’s Art and Cultural Property practice is the market leader in this sector’.

‘Bethan Waters is truly exceptional in terms of client service, technical knowledge and commercial aptitude. She’s always going to be our ‘go-to’ lawyer in this field and has been a very safe pair of hands on our art financing transactions’.

‘The team at Farrer are pre-eminent: they have an impressively broad and deep range of expertise and therefore stand out among other UK firms. William Charrington operates at a high level. His writing is admirably clear and his advice is always top-drawer. He is calm and clever’.

Mishcon de Reya LLP

Under the joint leadership of Karen Sanig and Amanda Gray, the practice at Mishcon de Reya LLP continues to flourish and regularly works with world-renowned collectors and dealers; the firm also fields a thriving luxury asset practice. The skilled team routinely advises on many of the largest international art transactions, and assists with the management of significant collections of cultural property. It also remains one of the first ports of call for complex, international and high-profile art gallery and auction disputes. Abby Brindley frequently advises on disputes relating to ownership, provenance and attribution, as well as on issues relating to fraud, moral rights and the restitution of Holocaust-looted artworks. The group has also been busy advising on a myriad of other issues such as advising collectors on financing and loan arrangements, handling import/export matters, and assisting with bequeathing art to the nation. Simon Chadwick is another key member of the practice.

Practice head(s):

Karen Sanig; Amanda Gray

Other key lawyers:

Abby Brindley; Simon Chadwick; Michelle Stroube


‘Our experience is that there is a very high level of specialist knowledge in art and culture areas, and collaborative working to find solutions. There is a full range of legal expertise available and colleagues are quick to bring in additional specialist support when needed’.

‘Amanda Gray is highly engaged in what we do, and has a great knowledge of the art and museum worlds, which makes her easy to work with. She is able to provide examples of good practice and raise potential issues in a way which allows us to take pre-emptive action rather than waiting for problems to arise. She has a pragmatic approach’. 

‘Probably the best art law team out there. Full service from beginning to end. With the incredible experience of Karen Sanig, the impressive creativity of Amanda Gray, the amazing support of Michelle Stroube and others (Simon Chadwick, Abby Brindley), this group is hard to beat!’.

‘Karen Sanig: has been leading in the art law field for 30 years. Amanda Gray: amazing case management and thorough art law know-how. Michelle Stroube: the go-to contractual scientist’.

‘MdR was one of the first law firms to establish an art law department. Their team is fully immersed in commercial and non commercial aspects of the art world. They have the gravitas of a leader in their field combined with a young and fresh image and approach which appeals to artists, galleries and collectors’. 

‘Karen Sanig – founded the art law department at MDR and has been the key to its success. She always gets the result she wants – either through charm or, when needed, steely resolve. One of the very best in her field. Amanda Gray – has been Karen Sanig’s right hand person for many years now and has the same qualities as Karen. A real talent’.

‘Karen Sanig established art law in this country and has built up a formidable team over the decades to grow the practice keeping abreast of modern technologies. Karen Sanig and Amanda Gray – I can’t praise them highly enough; their expertise and wise counsel has never let me down’.

‘Clear leaders in the field – incomparable reputation in the sector and across all parts of the art market. They have a genuine interest in art and understand the complexities of this particular market. Karen Sanig – superstar, commercially savvy and brilliant strategist. Amanda Gray – thorough, dedicated and always on hand’.

Key clients

Ivor Braka Limited

Ivor Braka

The Board of Trustees of the Tate Gallery

Institute of Contemporary Arts

David Aaron Limited

A/Political Limited

Clore Wyndham Fine Art Limited

Camden Art Centre

Ditchling Museum of Art & Craft

Morgan Art Foundation

Art Africa Limited

Rothstein & Held Limited

Halcyon Gallery Limited

Work highlights

  • Advised Ivor Braka Limited and Ivor Braka in “first-of-its-kind” proceedings relating to the provision of information by art market participants to obtain payment of artist resale royalties.
  • Advised the trustees of the Tate Gallery in relation to sanctions and their potential effect on past, present and future donors to the Museum.
  • Acting as general counsel for the Institute of Contemporary Arts.

Stephenson Harwood

Led by the renowned Roland Foord, the well-established team at Stephenson Harwood frequently acts in the most important transactions and disputes for the key players in the market, and the group often works on matters with a significant cross-border dimension. Growth areas for the practice have included advising on Russian sanctions, Covid-19, cryptocurrency and NFTs. Clients stem from a wide variety of countries and range from auction houses and dealers, to museums and private collectors. Foord is a known name for his work on major disputes involving title and attribution issues, as well as his work regarding the sale and purchase of fine art. In addition, the group is adept at advising on issues relating to the export of art and looted art. Guy Harper is also sought after for his experience of handling claims relating to fine art.

Practice head(s):

Roland Foord

Other key lawyers:

Guy Harper; Jo Jones; Alan Ward


‘A seasoned and well-appointed team, led by the great Roland Foord. A high-end commercial firm that offers art law expertise is a rare asset – and Stephenson Harwood have it in spades. Especially strong on authenticity disputes involving works of art and anything that affects the big art auction houses’.

‘Roland Foord is one of the few undeniable experts in this field, with enormous experience to draw from. Jo Jones has done fine work as a highly intelligent junior’.

‘Stephenson Harwood has for many decades now been a leader in the art law field. It provides advice to international auction houses, galleries and collectors. Its major strength is that it has extensive experience in and knowledge of the art business’.

‘Its advice is always practical, uncomplicated and relevant’.

‘Stephenson Harwood feels like an extension of my in-house team. Roland Foord is at the heart of the SH team. His knowledge is quite simply unrivalled. He has great judgment and is a strategic thinker. He is my go-to lawyer for complex issues. He also has a client friendly easy manner which makes him a pleasure to work with’.

‘They are a truly international operation with full service capabilities covering many important areas of legal advice. Guy Harper: responsive, service orientated with formidable litigation skills and knowledge of the art market’.

‘Roland Foord: deep understanding of the component sectors of the international art market and an unrivalled network of contacts. Depth of experience gives him an unrivalled knowledge and set of experiences on which to draw. Charming and extremely discrete. A true professional’.

‘As an all service law firm they have specialist teams to advise on different areas relevant to art and cultural property. Alan Ward, the partner on the regulatory side, is excellent. He is responsive and very knowledgeable as well as having in-depth knowledge of the art market.’

Key clients

Qatar Museums Authority


Phillips Auctioneers

The Society of London Art Dealers

The Royal College of Art

Sadie Coles HQ Limited

Work highlights

  • Instructed by Qatar Museums on numerous matters including template agreements and proposal, commission and license agreements.
  • Advised Phillips UK on a range of ad hoc issues and more substantive issues including successfully acting in defence of proceedings in relation to a work by Damien Hirst sold through Phillips.
  • Acting for Sadie Coles HQ Limited including advice in respect of a number of commissioned art works and representing the gallery’s artists in respect of commissions for installations in France.

Charles Russell Speechlys LLP

Suzanne Marriott heads up the art and luxury practice at Charles Russell Speechlys LLP. Marriott is skilled at advising artists and collectors on structuring their art ownership for tax and succession purposes. Robert Blower is a known name for his tax and estate planning work on estates that contain significant art collections, while Stewart Hey is well regarded for his work on various high-value international disputes and investigations. Chris Haywood and Mark Hill are among the other highly-regarded members of the department. There have been some departures from the department – Rudy CapildeoTim Maxwell and Petra Warrington are now at Wedlake Bell.

Practice head(s):

Suzanne Marriott

Other key lawyers:

Robert Blower; Stewart Hey; Chris Haywood; Mark Hill


They are first class in my experience‘.

‘The taxation issues affecting art and cultural property are varied and complex. The CRS team are, in my experience, excellent in producing pragmatic solutions for clients. Each of the members of the practice are highly qualified, technically excellent, well grounded and diligent. Their stand-out quality is their enormous strength in depth’.

‘Robert Blower (huge experience, technically expert, charming and unostentatious) – consistently very high quality’.

‘Suzanne Marriott and Robert Blower are both extremely well known and highly respected in the Art and Cultural Property Law world. They are supported by an extensive team’.

‘Extremely knowledgeable, trustworthy and professional and very well respected in this area of the law’.

‘Robert Blower: extremely knowledgeable in heritage tax matters. Suzanne Marriott: excellent in all things she does’.

Howard Kennedy LLP

Spearheaded by Mark Stephens, the busy team at Howard Kennedy LLP advises a wide array of clients such as museums and public collections, galleries and dealers; other key clients include charities, artists, photographers and ultra-high-net-worth individuals. The group’s expertise spans all aspects of art and cultural property from drafting all forms of agreements, to handling litigation and resolving disputes. Other key areas of focus are advising on the recovery of stolen and looted items of art and cultural property, as well as providing estate planning advice to artists and collectors. Daniel McClean is another highly regarded member of the practice, and Alex Watt is particularly well known for his work with street artists, while Robert Lands has a particular focus on the visual arts.

Practice head(s):

Mark Stephens

Other key lawyers:

Daniel McClean; Alex Watt; Robert Lands


Most important is the ability to find imaginative solutions at which Mark Stephens is a master. He is supported by a large firm with expertise in other occasionally relevant areas, such as disputes with agents or immigration issues involving artists’.

‘Robert Lands and his team provide excellent legal advice, but are also commercial. They treat the relationship as more than just a means to an invoice’.

‘Robert Lands has treated our company like we are one of his biggest clients. It is a feeling of having someone in your team, even when you speak to them only every now and then’.

Key clients

Simon C Dickinson Ltd

Ivor Braka and Ivor Braka Ltd

Wedlake Bell

The art and luxury market is a growth area for Wedlake Bell LLP, which recently recruited its two new department heads Tim Maxwell and Rudy Capildeo from Charles Russell Speechlys LLP. These highly regarded partners advise artists, private collectors as well as international art galleries on a whole host of issues relating to artists’ rights and high-value title disputes. The group also represents clients in the recovery of artworks that were lost or misappropriated during the Nazi era, and is well equipped to advise on the purchase, sale and financing of art and luxury assets. Senior associate Petra Warrington is another seasoned practitioner.

Practice head(s):

Rudy Capildeo; Tim Maxwell

Other key lawyers:

Petra Warrington; Tamara Wakeford


‘Following its recruitments, Wedlake Bell has one of the top art and cultural property practices in London. They are excellent from top to bottom, have a genuine understanding of the market and seem to know everyone who matters in the art and cultural sector’.

‘Tim Maxwell has an excellent strategic mind, and is unfazed by whatever is thrown up in the course of colourful litigation. Rudy Capildeo has a way with clients, and opponents, which enables dispute solutions to be magicked out of thin air. His knowledge of the art market is unparalleled’.

‘Petra Warrington is a reassuring and calming presence in even the most eventful disputes. She is clearly a partner of the future, and a pleasure to work with. Tamara Bell is impressive beyond her relatively junior years, and one to watch for the future.’

Key clients

Design & Artists’ Copyright Society

The Artist Collecting Society

Work highlights

  • Represented not-for-profit entities, the Design & Artists Copyright Society (DACS) & the Artists’ Collecting Society (ACS), the two collecting societies responsible for collecting resale royalties on behalf of artists and artists’ estates. DACS and ACS filed a claim seeking the disclosure of information relating to sales of artworks which qualify for resale right royalties.

Withers LLP

Notably featuring Sarah Barker and Eleni Polycarpou, the outstanding team at Withers LLP has ‘incredible depth and can pivot on issues quickly making it a lean, mean and agile litigation and advisory machine’. Barker works with collectors and creative entrepreneurs as well as successful artists and their estates, art dealers and artTech businesses on a whole host of commercial and transactional matters, while Polycarpou specialises in contentious art matters, many of which are multi-jurisdictional, and include stolen art cases, title and authenticity disputes, and consignment cases. The group added Natalie Sherborn to its ranks from Pinsent Masons LLP, who is adept at handling white-collar defence and investigations.

Practice head(s):

Sarah Barker

Other key lawyers:

Eleni Polycarpou; Natalie Sherborn; Giulia Trojano


‘This team has an unrivalled capacity to take on multi-jurisdictional art cases with offices stationed all over the world to permit rapid action. This global chain of offices bring local expertise with decades of experience in London to resolve the most complex of disputes’.

‘Eleni Polycarpou is the stand out, anything a client wants sorted she can handle. She is an absolute star’.

‘Sarah Barker has an intimate grasp of the art world and the way in which its actors think’.

‘Eleni Polycarpou runs an extremely successful multi-lingual team with a superb eye on strategy alongside Sarah Barker, who is incredibly well known for her highly specialised and long-standing premium expert position in the market’.

‘Withers deservedly have an outstanding reputation for litigation in the field of art and cultural property. Eleni Polycarpou is immensely experienced, and has the critical (in this field) combination of deep knowledge of culture and history, high intelligence, commitment to the client’s cause, and a winning personality’.

‘Overall, Sarah Barker’s in-depth knowledge of the art world combined with her sharp analytical mind and intuitive understanding of our company have made it possible for our company to make the right decision again and again’.

‘Real understanding of the art world – and relationship between gallery and artist. Sarah Barker – very knowledgeable, clear, professional and impressive. Also efficient and likeable’.

‘Eleni Polycarpou is knowledgeable and approachable. Very hands-on, professional and knowledge based team. Giulia Trojani is a very strong associate, very hardworking, efficient and bright’.

Key clients


Gurr Johns

Hauser and Wirth

National Gallery of Scotland

Victoria Miro


Work highlights

  • Providing a range of legal advice to Vortic (also known as Vortic XR), a technology start-up which is an extended reality platform offering galleries and museums an opportunity to exhibit works of art and host exhibitions online using advanced AR and VR technology.
  • Acting for an art financing company in a multi-jurisdictional, multi-party, multi-million dollar claim in relation to lending on a pool of collateralised artworks.
  • Representing a new generation star artist on all their personal and studio legal requirements.

Forsters LLP

Under the leadership of Catherine Hill, the art and cultural property group at Forsters LLP has a wealth of experience in acting for collectors, artists, galleries, auction houses and the owners of historic houses on a broad range of issues. It continues to be busy advising on various significant sales and acquisitions of heritage art, and the group also garners praise for its work on an array of complex contentious art and cultural property matters. Rupert Mead has considerable expertise in advising on the taxation of heritage property, and Guy Abrahams has extensive knowledge of how to structure the acquisitions and disposals of art by individuals, trustees and companies in a tax efficient way.

Practice head(s):

Catherine Hill

Other key lawyers:

Rupert Mead; Guy Abrahams; Laura Neal; Jo Thompson; Filippo Petteni


‘A really knowledgeable and experienced team with great links within the sector. They offer proactive, practical advice and are a pleasure to work with’.

‘Catherine Hill shines in the sector being an extremely good technical lawyer with a practical approach. She has fantastic client skills with a loyal following from existing clients and is consistently regarded as a leader in the field’.

‘Filippo Petteni. Highly professional, extremely approachable, available and always happy to assist with a smile’.

‘Laura Neal is a rising star. She is already extremely well-regarded by clients and has excellent technical knowledge, confidence and experience’.

‘Forsters combines high quality work with a group of people who are a pleasure to work with. When you meet the team, they are noticeably happy working with each other’.

‘Catherine Hill, Rupert Mead, Guy Abrahams are approachable, dedicated and embody the mixture of quality and good working relationships mentioned above. Jo Thompson is committed to marketing the art practice and does a great job.’

‘The Forsters team are incredibly ‘user friendly’ and have great expertise and experience in the art and cultural property sector’.

Key clients


Maurice Turnor Gardner LLP

Spearheaded by Ed Powles, the team at Maurice Turnor Gardner LLP works closely with its other departments to advise on an array of issues from international estate planning and tax, to philanthropy and the sale and purchase of art and cultural property. Its diverse client base includes artists, collectors, national galleries and entrepreneurs. Powles has a particular focus on conflict of law issues, and the difficulties that can arise in relation to issues surrounding title to artwork and heritage property. Ceris Gardner is another leading member of the firm who excels at advising on the taxation of heritage property. Jennifer Emms is also well regarded.

Practice head(s):

Ed Powles

Other key lawyers:

Ceris Gardner; Jennifer Emms


‘A solid team of private client experts: tax, import/export, estate planning, contracts… this group has you covered!’

‘Ed Powles is an approachable and highly competent solicitor who offers excellent insight on all legal matters, of great use in the art world’.

‘Ceris Gardner has immense experience. Jennifer Emms is a standout as well. Together they work seamlessly. A great team’.

Payne Hicks Beach LLP

Till Vere-Hodge and James Bacon co-lead the specialist arts practice at Payne Hicks Beach LLP. Vere-Hodge covers all areas of law relating to artworks, antiquities and collectibles, and has built up considerable expertise in resolving claims pertaining to looted artworks and antiquities. Clients include high-net-worth individuals, dealers, galleries and museums. Bacon is recognised for his knowledge of heritage property taxation matters, and has niche expertise in the use of maintenance fund settlements for land. Mark Jones joined the team from Blake Morgan LLP; he has an impressive track record of advising art market participants on their anti-money laundering obligations.

Practice head(s):

Till Vere-Hodge; James Bacon

Other key lawyers:

Mark Jones; Emily Woods


‘The team at PHB have a great client list who own art or are thinking of buying art’.

‘The arrival of Till Vere-Hodge has bolstered the PHB art practice and particularly on the restitution side. He has been excellent, combining knowledge and experience to very good effect’.

‘Friendly. Expert. Knowledgeable. Efficient’.

‘Emily Woods -very knowledgeable and expert in her field. Efficient and friendly’.

‘Till Vere-Hodge is a practitioner of exceptional knowledge and judgment. His breadth of expertise in matters related to the contemporary art market and its disputes, to questions of ownership and interaction between choices of law between the UK and Germany are unmatched’.

‘They provide the highest quality professional advice in the field of art and cultural property legislation, and their knowledge within this field is unparalleled’.

‘Till Vere-Hodge is the star of the team, with his many years of experience in undertaking complex litigation and legal research. He is more approachable and customer focused than any of his market competitors, and his intelligence, humility and discretion are second to none’.

Pinsent Masons LLP

Richard Hart heads up the practice at Pinsent Masons LLP, which advises ultra-high-net-worth individuals and families on a wide spectrum of issues. It routinely advises on the acquisition and refurbishment of historic houses, as well as on the structuring of art collections. Hart  also advises clients on philanthropic matters by way of the creation of cultural foundations, donations to cultural institutions, single loans to museums or loans to large touring exhibitions. Michael Fletcher is another key figure, and has considerable experience in advising on claims in the art sector.

Practice head(s):

Richard Hart

Other key lawyers:

Michael Fletcher; Oliver Tapper


‘I recently had the privilege of working with Pinsent Masons and I must say, they are a remarkable team of legal professionals providing clear and consistent communication. They were prompt in answering my questions, providing updates, and addressing any concerns I had. This level of responsiveness gave me confidence and peace of mind’.

‘A diverse and widespread offering of expertise, both in terms of geography and speciality’.

‘Richard Hart: always very responsive, extremely capable, excellent communicator’.

Key clients

Swiss Foundation

German private collector

Work highlights

  • Advising a cultural foundation that has been set up by a prominent Middle Eastern family on the loan to Hôtel de la Marine of numerous artworks from its collection to be showcased as part of temporary exhibitions to be held in the course of the next 20 years in a new gallery of the renovated Hôtel de la Marine.
  • Advised on a series of purchases for a client of a set of Greco Roman antiquities from a London gallery. The purchases involved instructing scientific experts and counsel on the wider provenance piece.
  • Advising on the impact of the Ivory Act on a client’s collection of objects (170 pieces) with elephant ivory content and in particular as to the effect of pieces being non-exempt from restrictions on sale.

BDB Pitmans

The agile team at BDB Pitmans is best known for its provision of tax and structuring advice to the owners of art and cultural property where the assets are subject to historic conditional exemptions. The group, which is co-led by Susan Johnson and Hugo Smith, also advises well-known artists on suitable ownership structures for their artwork. In addition, it regularly advises on agency agreements, and also advises museums and other cultural institutions on a broad range of  commercial and fundraising issues.

Practice head(s):

Susan Johnson; Hugo Smith

Clyde & Co

The fine art team at Clyde & Co advises clients ranging from major auction houses to insurers underwriting fine art and specie risks in the London market and overseas. It is also skilled at handling defence work for galleries, dealers, collectors, consignees and carriers. Andrew Grant and Tim Crockford are at the helm.

Practice head(s):

Andrew Grant; Tim Crockford


‘Fantastic track record in working for auction houses’.

‘Tim Crockford is astute and charming to work with; understands the auction world like no one else’.

Key clients

Antipa Gallery

Ingles & Hayday


Fieldfisher has an international and cross-departmental team of art lawyers, which advises on disputes, commercial matters and non-contentious issues. Areas of expertise span finance, tax planning, intellectual property, technology law and real estate matters. Names to note include Helen Mulcahy and Alice Vink. The group also has a growing presence in issues regarding the evolving regulations on anti-money laundering and combatting the financing of terrorism in the art market.

Practice head(s):

Helen Mulcahy

Other key lawyers:

Alice Vink


‘The team is friendly, collaborative and client focused. They are very commercial and strive to achieve the best outcomes possible for their clients’.

‘They are very commercial. They listen to their clients’.

‘The team is growing and becoming a centre of excellence’.

‘Helen Mulcahy is tireless in fighting on her client’s behalf. She’s also great to work with and instils great confidence’.

Alice Vink is really smart and brings significant category expertise to the team, putting it on a par with all the other leading sector experts. She’s also delightful to work with‘.

‘Ability to focus in on key issues and ask essential questions needed to get to the right answer for our clients. Very approachable and a delight to work with’.

Key clients

Getty Images

Work highlights

  • Advising a major US bank as lead counsel on all of its new and existing facilities secured by artwork, advising on the structure of and putting in place new revolving credit facilities secured by portfolios of artwork.
  • Advising Getty Images Group, claiming infringement of copyright and other rights relating to the unauthorised use of content to train an artificially intelligent image-generating product.
  • Advising a country in connection with proceedings arising out of the disputed title to a significant artwork from that country, which had been stolen previously and transported to different jurisdictions.

Hunters Law LLP

The versatile team at Hunters Law LLP is led by Mark Stiebel and is adept at advising clients on the full gamut of legal issues. The group frequently works with its colleagues on a variety of contentious, private client and other commercial matters, advising valuers, auctioneers and other clients including public and private institutions on a whole host of issues such as title disputes, questions of misattribution and Holocaust era restitution claims. It also regularly advises on the sale and acquisition of artwork and loan arrangements. Julia Richards is also recommended.

Practice head(s):

Mark Stiebel

Other key lawyers:

Julia Richards

Keystone Law

With key names to note including Lisette Aguilar and Gregor Kleinknecht, the dedicated and ‘active’ team at Keystone Law is experienced in advising ultra-high-net-worth individuals, business collectors, estates, trustees, galleries and dealers on a broad range of issues. The skilled group has wide-ranging expertise spanning advising on general transactions, digital art and NFTs, and artists’ rights, authenticity and provenance disputes. It is also sought after for its advice on the recovery of looted antiquities, cultural property claims and World War II restitution issues. Noted for his expertise in IP and technology, Anthony Misquitta - a key port of call for many of the team's most high-profile clients - is also recommended for his work in this space.

Other key lawyers:

Lisette Aguilar; Gregor Kleinknecht; Anthony Misquitta


‘I know Lisette Aguilar best – unusual as she has in-depth art world experience from her stint at Sotheby’s, engaging and sensible’.

‘In the art law area, three key figures work together most seamlessly (Gregor Kleinknecht, Anthony Misquitta, Lisette Aguilar). They are highly recommended for more bespoke work’.

‘Gregor Kleinknecht is a careful and conscientious adviser, with a great breadth of experience working in the art law area’.

‘Anthony Misquitta works across various areas, but with a clear specialism in IP. He offers high-quality advice. Lisette Aguilar is a highly respected solicitor with great experience in the auction business’.

Key clients

Pantheon Limited

SGT Trading Limited


Work highlights

  • Advised Pantheon Limited on the contractual arrangements and intellectual property aspects for the “Never Fear Truth” NFT project.
  • Instructed by the Victoria & Albert Museum to advise on and prepare the construction contract and related documents for the second phase construction works at the new Photography Centre within the museums Grade 1-listed South Kensington home.


Under the leadership of Davina Given, the practice at RPC is growing and carving out a specialism in art-related disputes and other matters involving art and technology. It continues to advise clients on the sale of NFTs, and assists clients in negotiating licence agreements. Given frequently handles a myriad of disputes on issues such as provenance, attribution and authenticity.

Practice head(s):

Davina Given


‘Davina Given is very experienced indeed in art market litigation, and brings particular qualities to cases in this field – deep knowledge of culture and history, a brilliant brain, natural calmness and patience, and complete commitment to the client’s cause’. 

‘RPC’s art and cultural property team have deep links with clients in the field’.

‘Davina Given is enthusiastic about art and cultural property law, hard working and with particular knowledge in the area’.

‘Fantastic team – good with strategy and the client, the law, very diligent and all members have a real interest in art law’.

‘Davina Given was a pleasure to work with and very committed. She produced high quality work and maintained composure even under pressure with tight court deadlines. She has a real interest in art law. Excellent client-handling skills – sensitive and perceptive’.

‘Davina Given is the full package: seriously clever, great attention to detail, pragmatic and very experienced. One of the very best in the area’.

‘Davina Given is a tireless worker. I was impressed with her attentiveness and prompt responses. Davina is very smart, kind, thoughtful, a good listener, and always gracious’.

‘Davina Given is extremely thorough, always interested, and had a good command of the subject (the art market, art market practices, and the specifics of the case) and the material (case documents, etc.)’. 

Key clients

The Bonhams group

Trustees of the Wemyss Heirlooms Trust