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Press releases and law firm thought leadership

This page is dedicated to keeping readers informed of the latest news and thought leadership articles from law firms across the globe.

If your firm wishes to publish press releases or articles, please contact Shehab Khurshid on +44 (0) 207 396 5689 or shehab.khurshid@legalease.co.uk

 

INTAX FORUM UKRAINE 2018

May 2018. Press Releases by Stelios Americanos & Co (view listing).

Stelios Americanos & Co LLC, participated at Intax Forum Ukraine 2018 which took place in Kiev, between 21 and 22 May 2018.

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EGC – Stringent requirements for colour combinations as trademarks

May 2018. Press Releases by GRP Rainer LLP (view listing).

Combinations of two or more colours need to be precisely defined for them to be capable of being registered as a colour trademark. That was the verdict of the General Court of the European Union (EGC) (Az.: T 101/15).

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JunHe Reputation | JunHe wins five awards at the 2018 ALB China Awards, including the Beijing Law Fi

May 2018. Press Releases by JunHe LLP (view listing).

JunHe wins five awards at the 2018 ALB China Awards, including the Beijing Law Firm of the Year and the Managing Partner of the Year.

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GRP Rainer Rechtsanwälte – Assessment of a Berliner Testament

May 2018. Press Releases by GRP Rainer LLP (view listing).

Spouses frequently draft a Berliner Testament, literally a “Berlin will”, by mutually appointed each other as sole heirs. Before doing so, it ought to be examined whether a Berliner Testament is the most appropriate form.

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Bär & Karrer Strengthens its M&A and Banking Practice with two new Partners

May 2018. Press Releases by BÄR & KARRER LTD. (view listing).

Bär & Karrer is pleased to announce that it further strengthens its M&A and banking practice with new partners Martin Anderson and Frédéric Bétrisey. They will join the firm with their team of associates as of 1 August 2018.

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Bär & Karrer Advises XO Holding on Sale of Priora FM to ENGIE

May 2018. Press Releases by BÄR & KARRER LTD. (view listing).

XO Holding AG sold Priora FM SA, a leading Swiss facility management company, to ENGIE Energy Services International S.A., a subsidiary of ENGIE SA, which is listed on the Euronext exchange in Paris and Brussels.

Bär & Karrer acted as legal advisor to XO Holding. The team included Ralph Malacrida, Faton Aliu (both M&A), Mani Reinert (Competition), and Daniel Lehmann (Tax).

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VEGAS LEX holds spring webinars series jointly with Pravo.ru

May 2018. Press Releases by Vegas Lex Law Firm (view listing).

VEGAS LEX совместно с Pravo.ru провела серию вебинаров по актуальным вопросам ТМТ, антимонопольного и налогового законодательства. 

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Bär & Karrer Advised Andermatt Swiss Alps on the Sale of Real Estate Portfolio and Establishment of

May 2018. Press Releases by BÄR & KARRER LTD. (view listing).

Andermatt Swiss Alps Ltd has successfully completed a transaction comprising a real estate portfolio sale to Taurus Andermatt Ltd, a newly established real estate joint venture. The portfolio consists of 25 properties located in the Holiday Village Andermatt Reuss in Andermatt (Switzerland). Andermatt Swiss Alps will participate in future sales profits exceeding the list price of the properties.

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General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) must be implemented by May 25, 2018

May 2018. Press Releases by GRP Rainer LLP (view listing).

Businesses need to keep May 25, 2018 in mind. This is the day when the EU General Data Protection Regulation, GDPR for short, officially comes into force.

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Bär & Karrer Advises the Banking Syndicate in the IPO of Polyphor

May 2018. Press Releases by BÄR & KARRER LTD. (view listing).

Polyphor Ltd, a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company focused on the discovery and development of innovative antibiotics and other specialty pharma products, successfully priced its IPO and listed its shares on the SIX Swiss Exchange. Trading in the shares started on 15 May 2018. The shares were priced at the upper end of the price range, resulting in gross proceeds of CHF 165 million. The IPO of Polyphor is considered the largest biotech IPO in Switzerland in over 10 years and one of the top three in Europe within the last three years in terms of proceeds raised by an issuer in order to finance the development of its pipeline.

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SyCipLaw at the 1st Annual Center for the Amicable Resolution of Disputes International Conference

May 2018. Press Releases by SyCip Salazar Hernandez & Gatmaitan (view listing).

Ricardo Ma. P.G. Ongkiko, head of SyCipLaw’s Litigation Department, recently gave the Welcome Remarks for the 1st Annual Center for the Amicable Resolution of Disputes International Conference held last February 9, 2018 at The Bayleaf Intramuros in Manila, Philippines. The conference was jointly organized by the Lyceum of the Philippines University (LPU) and the Philippine Institute of Arbitrators (PIArb), of which Mr. Ongkiko was the immediate past President and presently Chairman.

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LAG Hamm: Fixed-term employment contract due to extra work must be properly justified

May 2018. Press Releases by GRP Rainer LLP (view listing).

A temporary need for manpower can constitute an objective reason justifying a fixed-term employment contract, but this temporary need has to be properly justified.

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AVELLUM Advises Joint Lead Managers on Issue of Hryvnia Denominated Eurobonds by Ukreximbank

May 2018. Press Releases by Avellum (view listing).

AVELLUM Advises Joint Lead Managers on Issue of Hryvnia Denominated Eurobonds by Ukreximbank

AVELLUM acted as the Ukrainian legal counsel to the joint lead managers with respect to UAH4.051 billion Eurobond offering by Joint Stock Company “The State Export-Import Bank of Ukraine (“Ukreximbank”).

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AVELLUM Advises MHP on USD550 Million Eurobond Issue

May 2018. Press Releases by Avellum (view listing).

AVELLUM Advises MHP on USD550 Million Eurobond Issue

AVELLUM acted as the Ukrainian legal counsel to MHP SE (“MHP”) on USD550 million, 8 year, 6.95% Eurobond issue with the benefit of the guarantees from its Ukrainian subsidiaries. The joint lead managers on the transaction were J.P. Morgan Securities plc, London Branch of ING Bank N.V., and UBS Limited.

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SyCipLaw Partners Listed as 2018 Commended External Counsel

May 2018. Press Releases by SyCip Salazar Hernandez & Gatmaitan (view listing).

SyCipLaw partners Carlos Roberto Z. Lopez and Vicente D. Gerochi IV were nominated to the In-House Community’s Commended External Counsel of the Year, 2018.

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BGH – Bank must explain risk if interest rate dependent on exchange rate

May 2018. Press Releases by GRP Rainer LLP (view listing).

If the interest rate on a loan is based on the development of exchange rates, the bank has a duty to inform with respect to the foreign exchange risk. That was the verdict of the Bundesgerichtshof (BGH), Germany’s Federal Supreme Court, in a recent ruling (XI ZR 152/17).

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New Appointments at Hayes solicitors 2018

May 2018. Press Releases by Hayes Solicitors (view listing).

Hayes solicitors is pleased to announce the appointment of three partners and five associates to the firm.

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Sayenko Kharenko advised on the largest refinancing by Ukrainian corporate

May 2018. Press Releases by Sayenko Kharenko (view listing).

Sayenko Kharenko advised on the largest refinancing by Ukrainian corporate

Sayenko Kharenko acted as Ukrainian legal counsel to Deutsche Bank, ING, Natixis and UniCredit, joint bookrunners of the USD 1.592 million Eurobond issue by Metinvest B.V., a holding company of the largest in Ukraine and one of the largest CIS producers of iron ore raw materials and steel.

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Bär & Karrer Advises Saint-Gobain in connection with the Takeover Battle over Sika

May 2018. Press Releases by BÄR & KARRER LTD. (view listing).

This morning, Sika and Saint-Gobain have announced the signing of agreements which terminates all disputes around the purchase by Saint-Gobain of a controlling stake in Sika dated 5 December 2014.

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Bär & Karrer Advised Vyaire Medical on its Acquisition of imtmedical ag

May 2018. Press Releases by BÄR & KARRER LTD. (view listing).

Vyaire Medical, Inc., a global leader in respiratory care, completed the acquisition of all shares in imtmedical AG, a Swiss company, which is a developer, manufacturer and distributor of mechanical ventilation products.

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Antitrust law – DFB simplifies ticket allocation for 2018 World Cup

May 2018. Press Releases by GRP Rainer LLP (view listing).

The way in which it has allocated tickets has led the DFB, Germany’s Football Association, to be suspected of abusing its dominant market position. The Bundeskartellamt, Germany’s Federal Cartel Office, has since suspended its investigations into the matter.

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GOLAW has successfully defended the interests of one of the largest Ukrainian alcoholic beverage man

May 2018. Press Releases by GOLAW (view listing).

We are pleased to announce that GOLAW has successfully defended the interests of one of the largest Ukrainian alcoholic beverage manufacturers Galicia Distillery in a tax dispute regarding the recognition of the tax notification-decisions amounting to about $500 thousand as illegal and its subsequent abolition.

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Kapihan sa SyCip: “All Aboard the Train: A Kapihan on TRAIN”

May 2018. Press Releases by SyCip Salazar Hernandez & Gatmaitan (view listing).

SyCipLaw’s Tax Department hosted a seminar on the Tax Reform for Acceleration and Inclusion (TRAIN) last February 15 at the SyCipLaw Center. The event gathered 60 participants from 32 companies.

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AVELLUM Advises on Largest Refinancing for Metinvest

May 2018. Press Releases by Avellum (view listing).

AVELLUM Advises on Largest Refinancing for Metinvest

AVELLUM acted as the Ukrainian legal counsel to Metinvest Group (“Metinvest”) on the successful refinancing of its USD2,271 million debt consisting of USD1,592 million issue of new eurobonds (“new eurobonds”) and the amendment and restatement of its pre-export finance (“PXF”) facility allowing to secure USD765 million in the PXF facility.

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AVELLUM Advises Horizon Capital on Disposal of Stake in Ergopack Group

May 2018. Press Releases by Avellum (view listing).

AVELLUM Advises Horizon Capital on Disposal of Stake in Ergopack Group

AVELLUM acted as the lead legal counsel to Horizon Capital and certain individuals on the disposal of 90% stake in Ergopack Group in favour of Sarantis Group.

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CJEU on protected designations of origin

May 2018. Press Releases by GRP Rainer LLP (view listing).

As in the case of brands, geographical designations of origin can be protected as well. It is therefore also possible for advertising featuring references to origin to be misleading to consumers and thus impermissible.

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إذا اختفى العدل من الأرض لم يعد لوجود الإنسان قيمة

May 2018. Press Releases by Gulf Legal Consultants (view listing).

إذا اختفى العدل من الأرض لم يعد لوجود الإنسان قيمة

للمزيد هنا:https://bit.ly/2GxJfW1 

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Bär & Karrer Advises CEVA Logistics on its IPO, the anchor investment by CMA CGM and its migration

May 2018. Press Releases by BÄR & KARRER LTD. (view listing).

CEVA Logistics, one of the world's leading third-party logistics companies, successfully priced its IPO and listed its shares on the SIX Swiss Exchange, where trading commenced on 4 May 2018. With a market capitalization of CHF 1.6 billion and generating gross proceeds of CHF 821 million, this is so far considered as the largest IPO on the SIX Swiss Exchange for 2018. In addition, CMA CGM, the third largest container shipping group in the world, has committed to make a strategic cornerstone investment in CEVA Logistics by purchasing CHF 379 million of mandatory convertible securities which will convert into shares of CEVA Logistics once certain regulatory approvals have been obtained. Simultaneously with the IPO, CEVA Holdings, the former holding company of the CEVA group, migrated from the Marshall Islands to Switzerland by way of a cross-border merger with CEVA Logistic as the surviving company.

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BAG: Employer not liable for harm caused by vaccine

May 2018. Press Releases by GRP Rainer LLP (view listing).

Employers who have flu vaccines administered within their company are not liable for any harm that might occur as a result of the vaccine. That was the verdict of the Bundesarbeitsgericht (BAG), Germany’s Federal Labour Court, in a recent ruling.

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Tax Update

May 2018. Press Releases by Stelios Americanos & Co (view listing).

Cyprus Tax Department has announced that, as of June 1st 2018, the following taxes, not bearing interest and charges, can ONLY be paid via JCCsmart (website www.jccsmart.com.cy). JCCsmart is a Cyprus portal used to contact payments to various organizations including the Government. This measure follows the successful implementation of the Pay As You Earn (PAYE) tax withheld from employees through JCCsmart.

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Bär & Karrer Advises on the Financing of the Largest Thermoelectric Plant in Latin America

May 2018. Press Releases by BÄR & KARRER LTD. (view listing).

Centrais Elétricas de Sergipe S.A. (CELSE) has successfully issued bonds for approx. USD 1 billion equivalent in local currency at a fixed, long-term rate in international capital markets. The innovative bond issue is guaranteed by the Swiss Export Risk Insurance (SERV), the export credit agency of Switzerland. The bonds are part of a financial package to finance the development, design, construction, operation and maintenance of a thermoelectric power plant by CELSE in the state of Sergipe in the northeast region of Brazil. Besides the bond issue for approx. USD 1 billion, the transaction includes a USD 200 million loan from the International Finance Corporation and a financial package of the Inter-American Development Bank in the amount of approx. USD 300 million. Once operational expected for in 2020, CELSE will sell electricity to 26 distribution companies in Brazil, becoming the largest and most efficient thermoelectric plant in Latin America and the Caribbean.

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BAG: Threats made by employee can justify dismissal with immediate effect

May 2018. Press Releases by GRP Rainer LLP (view listing).

Employers do not have to accept threats made by employees. These can constitute good cause justifying extraordinary notice of dismissal with immediate effect, as demonstrated by a ruling of the Bundesarbeitsgericht (BAG), Germany’s Federal Labour Court.

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SyCipLaw is Tier 1 Firm in IP STARS 2018 Rankings

May 2018. Press Releases by SyCip Salazar Hernandez & Gatmaitan (view listing).

SyCip Salazar Hernandez & Gatmaitan (SyCipLaw) was once again ranked by Managing IP’s IP STARS 2018 as a Tier 1 firm in Patent and Trademarks/Copyright in the Philippines. In addition, SyCipLaw partners Enrique T. Manuel and Vida M. Panganiban-Alindogan are ranked as Trade mark star – Philippines. Mr. Manuel is also ranked as Patent star – Philippines.

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Bär & Karrer Advises lastminute.com on Partial Self-Tender Offer

May 2018. Press Releases by BÄR & KARRER LTD. (view listing).

On 21 September 2017, an extraordinary shareholders' meeting of the SIX Swiss Exchange listed lastminute.com N.V. authorized the board of directors to repurchase up to 33 1/3% of the company's share capital by means of a partial self-tender offer. The resolution adopted under Dutch law contained detailed information, among others regarding the period for which the authorization is granted, the manner in which the shares are repurchased and the price range within which the offer price must be set.

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New Serbian Law on Foreigners Adopted

May 2018. Press Releases by Karanovic & Nikolic (view listing).

In March 2018, the new Serbian Law on Foreigners was adopted, replacing the 2008 version of this law- in force until recently without any amendments. The new law will enter into force on 3 October 2018.

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The Serbian Law on Foreign Exchange Amended

May 2018. Press Releases by Karanovic & Nikolic (view listing).

On 20 April 2018, the amendments to the Law on Foreign Exchange (the “Law”) were adopted and will enter into force on 28 April 2018. Exceptionally, the application of certain provisions related to the assuming of competencies over foreign exchange control by the National Bank of Serbia is delayed until 1 January 2019.

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Bär & Karrer Advises Vyaire Medical on its Acquisition of Acutronic Medical Systems

May 2018. Press Releases by BÄR & KARRER LTD. (view listing).

Vyaire Medical, Inc., a global leader in respiratory care, acquired all shares in the Acutronic Medical Systems group, a Switzerland and Germany-based leader in the design and manufacture of neonatal ventilation equipment.

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Deadline Extended: Justice Florentino P. Feliciano Arbitration Writing Competition

May 2018. Press Releases by SyCip Salazar Hernandez & Gatmaitan (view listing).

The submission deadline of the Justice Florentino P. Feliciano Arbitration Writing Competition has been extended to 5:00 pm of June 30, 2018. The competition is open to any student who, on the deadline for submission, is enrolled in the Juris Doctor or Bachelor of Laws program of any Philippine law school.

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GOLAW STRENGTHENS ITS TEAM OF LEADERS

May 2018. Press Releases by GOLAW (view listing).

GOLAW announces the appointment of its employees to the new key positions: Max Lebedev became a Partner at the Firm, and Iryna Kalnytska, Kateryna Manoylenko, Anatoli Grabovy, and Igor Glushko became Counsels to the Firm. 

“The GOLAW clients are our greatest value. The GOLAW team consists of real professionals, and we are confident that the new personnel changes are our investment in the future of the Firm and a guarantee of the further provision of highest quality services.”

- Valentyn Gvozdiy, Managing Partner at GOLAW

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Bär & Karrer Advises Porterhouse on the Acquisition of the Clinic Group Paracelsus

April 2018. Press Releases by BÄR & KARRER LTD. (view listing).

Porterhouse Group AG, a family owned investment holding company based in Lucerne, has been accepted by the creditors’ committee to acquire the clinic group Paracelsus. The clinic group Paracelsus is a private hospital operator with 40 facilities in 22 locations. Completion is subject to the approval of the insolvency plans by the creditors’ committees and merger control approval by the German Federal Cartel Office.

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Bär & Karrer Advises Deutsche Börse on the Acquisition of Swisscanto Funds Centre

April 2018. Press Releases by BÄR & KARRER LTD. (view listing).

Clearstream International S.A., a subsidiary of Deutsche Börse, acquired all shares in the London based Swisscanto Funds Centre Limited. The deal allows Clearstream to expand its services in the funds space with the management of distribution contracts and data processing. The purchase agreement was signed on 23 April 2018. The transaction is expected to close within the third quarter of 2018, subject to approval of the relevant authorities.

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BRYAN CAVE LEIGHTON PAISNER (RUSSIA) ACTED FOR VIMPELCOM VS FAS OF RUSSIA OVER SMS SERVICE TARIFFS

April 2018. Press Releases by Bryan Cave Leighton Paisner LLP (view listing).

Acting for PAO VimpelCom, Bryan Cave Leighton Paisner (Russia) LLP has triumphed in the first instance, appeal and cassation arbitrazh (commercial) courts in a dispute between mobile operators and the FAS of Russia over changes to B2B SMS service tariffs.

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Bryan Cave Leighton Paisner (Russia) LLP top-ranked by The Legal 500 2018

April 2018. Press Releases by Bryan Cave Leighton Paisner LLP (view listing).

Bryan Cave Leighton Paisner (Russia) LLP is a market-leading law firm in Russia according to the recent release of the prestigious international ranking The Legal 500, which top-ranks the firm in its key practice areas: Real Estate and Construction, Competition, Intellectual Property, Corporate/M&A, Litigation, Arbitration and Mediation, Tax, Employment, Banking and Finance, etc.

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SyCipLaw Partner CRZ Lopez Recognized in Client Choice 2018

April 2018. Press Releases by SyCip Salazar Hernandez & Gatmaitan (view listing).

SyCipLaw partner Carlos Roberto Z. Lopez has been recognized at the Client Choice Awards 2018.  

The Client Choice Awards was established in 2005 to recognize law firm partners around the world who stand out for their excellent client service. This year, the Awards recognized 384 partners across 66 jurisdictions worldwide based on quality of legal advice, commercial awareness, industry knowledge, strategic thinking, billing transparency, tailored fee structures, value for money, responsiveness, effective communication, clarity of documentation, sharing of expertise, appropriate staffing, project management, use of technology, loyalty and ethics.

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GRP Rainer Rechtsanwälte – New additions to commercial and company law team

April 2018. Press Releases by GRP Rainer LLP (view listing).

We at the international commercial law firm GRP Rainer Rechtsanwälte have bolstered our team in order to make further improvements to the high-quality advice we provide to our growing clientele.

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Bär & Karrer Awarded M&A Deal of the Year by IFLR

April 2018. Press Releases by BÄR & KARRER LTD. (view listing).

Bär & Karrer was awarded "M&A deal of the year" on the IFLR European Awards in London last night.

Based on a comprehensive analysis, Bär & Karrer received the award for the M&A Deal of the Year for the merger of ChemChina and Syngenta. The deal is considered as one of the largest all cash transactions ever. Bär & Karrer acted in this transaction as adviser to Syngenta. The team was led by Rolf Watter, Partner and Head of Mergers & Acquisitions.

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The use of AI in Law: How just is machine justice?

April 2018. Press Releases by Karanovic & Nikolic (view listing).

Artificial intelligence is a burning topic in many sectors today and the legal industry is no exception. Recently, at the World Services Group’s annual employment law conference held in February, AI was heavily debated along with its’ impact not only on the legal profession, lawyers, clients, the way business is done, but also our traditional understanding of concepts such as “law” or “justice”.

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Montenegrin Competition Agency takes over State Aid control

April 2018. Press Releases by Karanovic & Nikolic (view listing).

As of recently, state aid control is a part of the Montenegrin Competition Agency's (the "Agency") scope of authority. The Montenegrin Parliament enacted a new State Aid Control Law (the "State Aid Law"), largely aligned with the EU legal framework - especially with Articles 107 and 108 of the TFEU. In the institutional sense, the new law grants the Agency the competence for reviewing state aid, since the former State Aid Commission was not considered a sufficiently operationally-independent authority - which represented an issue in Montenegro's EU accession negotiations (Chapter 8).

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Your Thoughts: Crypto Confidence

April 2018. Press Releases by Yigal Arnon & Co (view listing).

Adv. Adrian Daniels, partner at Yigal Arnon & Co. and Co-head of the Fintech practice, shares his thoughts on Cryptocurrency in this Finance Monthly article.

pdf finance_monthly_-_your_thoughts_-_crypto_confidence_03.04.2018

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Prohibition of competition – BGH bolsters commercial agents’ rights

April 2018. Press Releases by GRP Rainer LLP (view listing).

Commercial agency agreements often include a prohibition of competition, also known as a no-competition clause. Notwithstanding this, certain clauses in the general terms and conditions may be invalid, as is clear from a ruling of the Bundesgerichtshof (BGH), Germany’s Federal Supreme Court (Az.: VII ZR 100/15).

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Legal Developments worldwide

Legal Developments and updates from the leading lawyers in each jurisdiction. To contribute, send an email request to
  • Communiqué on Equity Crowdfunding Is Officially Published

    By way of background, in January 2019, the Capital Markets Board (“ CMB ”) had issued an announcement on its website on the Draft Communiqué on Equity Crowdfunding [1] . The CMB has now officially published the Communiqué on Crowdfunding No. III-35/A (“ Communiqué ”), on October 3, 2019. The Communiqué entered into force as of October 3, 2019.
  • Beneficial Ownership Concept new interpretation from the Russian federal tax service

    The recent interpretative letter issued by the Russian Federal Tax Services (“FTS”) on 08th August 2019, has provided further guidance as to the application of the Beneficial Ownership Concept, further to the letter initially provided on the 12th of April 2018 which adopted a strict approach of the concept. 
  • Cyprus and Netherlands Double Tax Treaty Update

    Cyprus has concluded the negotiations for the avoidance of double taxation with the Netherlands. The double tax treaty was agreed at technocratic level in Hague. It is expected to be signed by the end of 2019 or early in 2020.
  • Vacancy - Senior Corporate Lawyer

    The Senior Corporate Lawyer, who will be reporting to Partners, will be working with both the firm’s legal team as well as the financial services team. The successful candidate will be requested to show initiative, take on certain responsibilities within the firm, work in a multinational environment and will immediately be given the opportunity to further advance their career within the law firm.
  • CJEU RULED ON THE APPLICATION OF THE BENEFICIAL OWNERSHIP CONCEPT

    The judgment of the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) on February 26, 2019, in the “Danish Beneficial Ownership Cases”, can be perceived as a landmark on the interpretation of the Beneficial Ownership concept under the Interest and Royalties Directive (IRD) and the Parent-Subsidiary Directive (PSD).
  • Court of Justice rules on source of income for Derivative Residence applications

    On 2 October 2019, the Court of Justice delivered its judgment in Bajratari v Secretary of State for the Home Department (Directive 2004/38/EC) Case C-93/18 which concerns Chen applications and the source of funds for self-sufficiency. 
  • End of the ‘centre of life test’ in Surinder Singh cases?

    In the recent case of  ZA (Reg 9. EEA Regs; abuse of rights) Afghanistan   [2019] UKUT 281 (IAC ), the Upper Tribunal found that there is no basis in EU law for the centre of life test, as set out in Regulation 9(3)(a) of the Immigration (European Economic Area) Regulations 2016 (the “Regulations”). It further found that it is not to be applied when Judges assess  Surinder Singh  cases that appear before them.
  • ITALIAN RULES ON JOINT VENTURES IN PUBLIC PROCUREMENT AND CONCESSIONS

    Italian rules on jointventures concerning public procurement and concession contracts are set out inlight of the European legal framework provided for in Directive 2014/23/EU and 2014/24/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council. The European rules aim to ensurethe best use of public money so that EU citizens benefit from strategicinvestments and services at fair prices. In this context, public procurementand concessions represent key instruments that need to be regulated and standardisedin order to ensure free movement of goods, freedom of establishment and freedomto provide services.
  • Terms of employment as a sole representative

    In this article we examine the working arrangements of sole representatives, looking at the terms and conditions of employment that the Home Office will expect a sole representative to have in order to qualify as a representative of an overseas business.  
  • Can Sole Representatives Be Shareholders?

    The Immigration Rules require that an applicant for a  sole representative visa  is not “a  majority shareholder in the overseas business”.