International trade in United States

Hogan Lovells US LLP

Led from Washington DC by the 'knowledgeable and experiencedBeth Peters and the 'insightful and strategicDeen Kaplan, Hogan Lovells US LLP's 'well-rounded' international trade practice has the critical mass and expertise to provide a 'deep and broad offering' to an eclectic mix of clients, including sovereign /provincial governments (such as the Ontario government), global corporates (such as Pfizer, Lockheed Martin and Toyota) and trade bodies (such as National Sorghum Producers). Alongside Stephen Propst, as well as lawyers from the corporate, white-collar and government relations teams, Peters has been central to the firm's high-profile sanctions representation of Chinese multinational telecoms company, ZTE; this work has included advising on its settlement agreement obligations with the US government, and on export enforcement matters, including audits by an independent monitor. The firm has also had a lead role for clients seeking to negotiate and push back against the Trump administration's protectionist policies. As an example, Jonathan Stoel represented Canadian Solar in its challenge to the 'safeguard' action against US imports of solar products. The 'exceptional' Kaplan has represented The US Grains Council in numerous disputes adverse to China, including in a Ministry of Commerce of the People's Republic of China (MOFCOM) initiated case involving US sorghum. Brian Curran has 'very deep knowledge of trade controls', which extends to Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS) reviews for clients in the defense, telecoms and energy sectors. Implementing a creative solution which placed the acquired company's US subsidiaries in a US trust, Curran recently secured CFIUS clearance for German corporate Biotest Pharmaceuticals for its sale to Chinese company CREAT. Other recommended partners include 'outstanding' export controls and sanctions expert Aleksandar DukicWarren Maruyama, who excels at trade policy issues; trade remedies expert Craig Lewis; and Anthony Copobianco, who is well versed across all regulatory matters under the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR).

Steptoe & Johnson LLP

A stalwart of the Washington DC international trade landscape, Steptoe & Johnson LLP's 'deep bench' provides 'concise and usable advice' to corporates, trade associations and governments across the spectrum, from export controls and sanctions advice to high-profile litigation, including prominent WTO mandates. In the trade remedies realm, as well as its involvement in many of the most high-profile and complex disputes between the US and China, the team, led by Mark Moran and Eric Emerson, also recently secured a notable victory at the ITC for the Canadian government in its subsidies dispute with Boeing regarding competition from Canada-based airline manufacturer Bombardier. Led by Susan Esserman, the team also recently secured another notable anti-dumping/countervailing ITC victory, when on behalf of numerous major US consumers/importers, including the American Beverage Association, the commission unanimously found that the imports of PET resin did not cause or threaten injury. Pablo Bentes excels at counseling and litigation (including WTO disputes) for Latin American sovereigns and companies; alongside Esserman he recently successfully secured exemptions for the Brazil Steel Institute on the Section 232 tariffs exercised by the Trump administration on steel imports. Moran, Matthew Yeo  and Amy Lentz continue to represent British Columbia Lumber Trade Council in the long-running softwood lumber dispute with the US, and are key members of the team that also includes trade remedies experts Joel Kaufman and Thomas Trendl, who 'know the dumping laws and practices of the agency like no one else'; Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) expert Lucinda Low; 'knowledgeable' sanctions/export control practitioners Brian Egan  and Edward Krauland; and senior statesman Richard Cunningham.

Arnold & Porter

With 11 partners focusing on international trade matters, Arnold & Porter has the strength in depth to handle export control/sanctions matters in addition to trade remedies and policy advice. Benefiting from several former high-ranking government officials, including ex-deputy assistant Secretary of State for Export Controls John Barker, the team frequently advises corporates on the export control and CFIUS aspects of M&A activity. Barker recently successfully secured clearance for Energia Logistics in the sale of its satellite launching business to the Russia-based S7 Group. David Park  is noted for handling disputes with a South Korean nexus, and recently represented Samsung Electronics in a Section 201 safeguard investigation by the ITC regarding its washing machines. Michael Shor jointly heads the trade remedies sub-group alongside Park and, as part of his extensive workload, continues to represent the Province of Alberta (Canada) in the long-running softwood lumber dispute. Other recommended practitioners include John Bellinger IIICharles Blanchard and senior counsel Lawrence Schneider. All named attorneys are based in Washington DC.

Baker McKenzie LLP

With trade specialists spread across its Washington DC, California and Chicago offices, as well as a 'deep bench of knowledgeable attorneys in every major geographic area of the world', Baker McKenzie LLP provides a 'very high-level of service' to domestic and multinational corporates, particularly in relation to customs and export controls/sanctions matters. San Francisco-based partner John McKenzie displays an 'unparalleled experience and breadth of knowledge', particularly as it relates to export control compliance. 'Impeccably civil in his deportment', Nick Coward  provides 'clear and concise advice' to global corporates on the design and implementation of compliance programs regarding export controls/sanctions. Although the firm is less active on the litigation front, Kevin O’Brien regularly handles anti-dumping and countervailing duty trade remedies matters, and recently assisted a domestic purchaser of solar panels with a Section 201 safeguards investigation into imports of crystalline silicon photovoltaic cells. Other recommended practitioners include the 'outstanding' Sylwia Lis as well as Janet KimTed Murphy and San Francisco-based partner Teresa Gleason . Named attorneys are based in Washington DC, unless otherwise indicated.

Hughes Hubbard & Reed LLP

Led by the 'highly strategicJoanne Osendarp, the eight-partner Washington DC-based team at Hughes Hubbard & Reed LLP is particularly adept at handling international trade litigation for large corporates (HBO Latin America, LafargeHolcim), sovereign governments (the governments of Indonesia and Canada), and trade associations (Vietnam Association of Seafood Exporters and Producers). Osendarp 'has a breathtaking understanding of the law and politics of trade remedies'. This has manifested itself most notably in her continued representation of the Canadian government in the softwood lumber dispute with the US, and a countervailing duty matter regarding supercalendered paper; notably, the firm persuaded the WTO that the US Department of Commerce (DOC) had acted inconsistently with the subsidies and countervailing measures agreement in its countervailing duty determination on supercalendered paper from Canada. Praised for his 'ability to handle complex and difficult trade remedy investigations and litigation', Matthew Nicely worked alongside Osendarp in the supercalendered paper matter and also achieved significant market recognition as a result of his recent work for the Solar Energy Industries Association in the solar safeguards investigation before the ITC. In addition to his general anti-dumping and countervailing duty work, Dean Pinkert also regularly assists clients with other types of ITC matters. The departure in April 2018 of Amanda DeBusk and Melissa Duffy to Dechert LLP impacted the team's export controls and sanctions capability, although this was offset somewhat by the arrival in May 2018 of former DOJ National Security Division Official Ryan Fayhee from Baker McKenzie LLP.

Kelley Drye & Warren LLP

Led by Alan Luberda, the nine-partner Washington DC-based team at Kelley Drye & Warren LLP provides a 'very skilful and strategic service' to petitioners in trade remedies cases. In light of the Trump administration's protectionist policy, unsurprisingly, the firm has been extremely active of late representing domestic entities (and multinationals with domestic production facilities) - particularly within the metals industry - in anti-dumping and countervailing duty cases before the US agencies and courts. Luberda recently scored a notable victory for the petitioners, including ArcelorMittal, when the ITC issued unanimous final affirmative injury determinations in its anti-dumping petitions against China, Germany, India, Italy, Korea and Switzerland with respect to cold-drawn mechanical tubing. John Herrmann and Paul Rosenthal also prevailed on behalf of the Aluminum Association before the ITC when they successfully proved that US aluminum foil producers have been materially injured by unfairly traded Chinese imports, leading the Commerce Department to impose anti-dumping and countervailing duty tariffs on aluminum foil imports from China. Kathleen Cannon  is also recommended.

King & Spalding LLP

Led by the 'knowledgeable and responsiveStephen Orava King & Spalding LLP's 11-partner Washington DC-based team excels at representing petitioners in trade remedies actions. Stephen Jones is praised for his ability to 'effectively communicate with the government', and has consequently been at the forefront of work for domestic industries and manufacturers as petitioners in the context of the Trump administration's Section 301 and 232 tariffs against China. Both Jones and Michael Taylor are representing AK Steel regarding its request to expand the scope of the steel Section 232 relief to include downstream electrical steel products, including laminations, core assemblies, cores and transformers. Led by Orava from the US and able to leverage practitioners based in Geneva, the firm is also regularly involved in WTO proceedings, such as in its recent work for the Brazilian Sugarcane Industry Association in a challenge regarding Thailand’s subsidies to the sugar sector. Praised for her 'incredibly in-depth regulatory knowledge', Christine Savage heads the firm's export controls, economic sanctions and CFIUS practice, and brings significant credibility to the role by virtue of her private practice expertise as well as her experience as a former high-ranking official at the DOC. Other clients include Dow Chemical Company, US Magnesium, United Parcel Service and Domtar Corporation.

Latham & Watkins LLP

Latham & Watkins LLP's eight-partner Washington DC-based team provides 'succinct analysis and guidance on how best to resolve trade issues', primarily with regard to export controls and sanctions matters, from both a compliance and enforcement perspective. Its clients include many global corporates in highly regulated sectors, including life sciences and financial services. The 'customer-oriented and responsiveLes Carnegie and William McGlone have 'significant knowledge of the regulations, as well as strong ties with the regulators'. In addition to standalone mandates, the team also picks up a huge amount of work by virtue of the firm's vast deal engine, in terms of both ad-hoc evaluation of compliance risk and CFIUS advice on M&A. Carnegie and Edward Shapiro are involved in the most significant CFIUS work handled by the team, on behalf of US target businesses and overseas acquirers (where it is well positioned as a result of its vast international network of offices). Shapiro recently acted for US-based energy exploration company Armstrong Energy in connection with the $400m sale of its Alaska North Slope Assets business to New Zealand-based energy firm, Oil Search. Eric Volkman is recommended for the investigations and enforcement side of export controls and trade sanctions cases.

Mayer Brown

With six partners based out of Washington DC, and the ability to draw on expertise from across its considerable international network, Mayer Brown's 'sophisticated international trade practice' is well positioned to advise corporates, trade associations and governments on a broad cross-section of trade compliance, remedies and CFIUS matters. With numerous former high-ranking government officials in its ranks, including two ex-US trade representatives (USTR), the team has 'practical experience in dealing with the US regulators', and is consequently able to 'provide pragmatic advice in navigating the often complex regulatory landscape'. Matthew McConkey has a strong track record for trade remedies work and is representing the Aluminum Extruders Council in relation to the Section 232 investigation on imported aluminum. Team head Duane Layton has a focus on international dispute settlement (including WTO matters) and has extensive experience representing governments and industries in import relief proceedings, both domestically and abroad. Working alongside lawyers from the firm's Brussels office, Layton continues to act for The Renewable Fuels Association and certain domestic ethanol producers in challenging the EU anti-dumping duty imposed on US ethanol producers. Other recommended partners include customs expert Sydney MintzerTimothy Keeler, who provides excellent trade policy insight in light of his private practice experience and former USTR role; and the 'knowledgeable and responsiveTamer Soliman, who excels at advising foreign companies on the extraterritorial impact of US export control and sanctions laws.

White & Case LLP

Led out of Washington DC by the 'outstandingGregory Spak, and with its extensive international network 'enabling it to have insight and experience beyond national borders', White & Case LLP's ten-partner team is well positioned to represent corporates, trade associations and governments across their most pressing trade concerns. The firm has been at the vanguard of trade matters in the steel industry, including as it relates to the Trump administration's implementation of the Section 232 national security rationale to restrict imports. As well as acting for numerous corporates affected by the tariffs, led by the 'strategic, responsive and flexibleDavid Bond out of the US, and aided by practitioners in Brussels, the firm is representing the European Steel Association (Eurofer) in relation to the European safeguard investigation assessing the impact of the Section 232 tariffs on EU steel producers as a result of diversion. On the trade policy front, Spak has worked with lawyers from the firm's Mexico City office on behalf of Consejo Coordinador Empresarial (Mexico’s most important council of commerce) as an interested party in the NAFTA renegotiation. Spearheaded by the 'clear-thinking and well-connectedFarhad Jalinous, the firm has a very vibrant CFIUS practice, which is able to tap into the firm's existing flow of transactional work. As well as including 'outstanding' newly promoted partner Karalyn Mildorf, the firm's CFIUS offering was further enhanced by the arrival in July 2018 of Stacia Sowerby from the US Treasury Department. Nicole Erb and senior associate Cristina Brayton-Lewis are recommended for export controls and economic sanctions matters.

Wiley Rein LLP

Led by Alan PriceWiley Rein LLP's Washington DC-based team assists domestic industries, marrying policy thought leadership and agency credibility in the representation of petitioners in trade remedies matters. As well as continuing to represent clients (particularly within the steel industry) on traditional anti-dumping and countervailing duty trade remedy cases, the firm has been at the forefront on behalf of clients pursuing protection implementing sections 201 and 301 of the Trade Act 1974, and Section 232 of the Trade Expansion Act 1962. Price is representing domestic steel producer Nucor on its trade remedies and policy work. As part of his continued representation of SolarWorld America, Timothy Brightbill recently won a bipartisan finding of serious injury in the first Section 201 safeguards case filed in more than 15 years, paving the way for the Trump administration to invoke 30% tariffs on solar cell and module imports. As well as handling anti-dumping and countervailing duty cases, Robert DeFrancesco is regularly involved in WTO-related work, including in his pivotal role (alongside the USTR) for aluminum producer Century, in a major case seeking to address China's alleged subsidization of the aluminum industry. At a partner level, Daniel Pickard and Laura El-Sabaawi are also recommended, while associate Stephanie Bell has a thriving reputation in the trade remedies arena.


WilmerHale's Washington DC-based team operates at the intersection of law, government, business, politics and public policy, and thus is able to counsel clients through multifaceted legal and policy issues. Led by the 'practical' David Ross and Naboth van den Broek, this recently manifested in the firm's representation of a raft of Fortune 500 companies impacted by the government's recent Section 232 investigations relating to steel and aluminum imports, as well as its Section 301 investigation of Chinese IPR practices. The firm continues to be very active in WTO matters, and recently represented a major sovereign government as a petitioner in a complaint brought against Brazil relating to tax benefits allegedly bestowed on domestic companies and exporters in the automotive, electronics and technology industries. The team is also at the forefront of trade issues impacting the aviation industry and, as well as continuing to represent Boeing in numerous contentious matters, led by Charlene Barshefsky and Ross, it also continues to guide the US airline industry through the 'Open Skies' dispute with three state-owned Middle Eastern airlines. Formerly general counsel at the USTR, Robert Novick has tremendous credibility within the international trade Bar and works on numerous high-profile matters, including the aforementioned Boeing work. On the CFIUS front, Ben Powell has a strong reputation for handling transactions with a Chinese nexus, particularly within the technology industry. David Cohen and Sharon Levin round out the team, and are noted for their sanctions and export control expertise. Senior counsel Ronald Meltzer and counsel Patrick McLain are also recommended.

Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld LLP

'Very strong on trade compliance matters' in particular, Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld LLP's Washington DC-based team provides 'excellent advice' to multinational corporates from a wide array of industries, including energy, defense and technology. Thomas McCarthy excels in export controls and sanctions matters, and has specialist knowledge of International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR). Kevin Wolf is also well regarded in the export controls space and is able to bring particular credibility to work in the area as a result of his recent role at the DOC, where he was the senior official overseeing the regulation of export controls at the intersection of technology and national security. Lars-Erik Hjelm is noted for his customs expertise, while Bernd Janzen and Spencer Griffith  are often involved in significant trade remedies matters. In April 2019, the firm welcomed former White House international economics adviser Clete Willems into its public law and policy practice.

Arent Fox LLP

Based out of its Washington DC headquarters, Arent Fox LLP's 'responsive and technically excellent' team has a 'deep and diverse knowledge base', enabling it to provide a 'very high-quality' service across the international trade spectrum. Led on the litigation front by John Gurley, the firm has a 'very strong reputation' for respondent trade remedies matters; Gurley has scored numerous notable victories for clients within the metals and renewables industries, and continues to represent the Chinese solar sector in its subsidies-related dispute with the US. Spearheaded by the 'tremendousMatt Clark, the firm is noted for its 'strong Canada practice' and, as well as continuing to represent the government of Quebec in the softwood lumber dispute, also successfully defended it in an ITC countervailing duty investigation brought by Boeing regarding Bombardier's C series aircraft. Led by the 'professional and responsiveKay Georgi and also including input from recently promoted partner Marwa Hassoun and counsel Regan Alberda, the firm's robust economic sanctions/export controls practice handles compliance work for an impressive list of clients including Crown Holdings and FlightSafety. Matthew Nolan has vast experience across a range of customs and export controls/sanctions matters.

Curtis, Mallet-Prevost, Colt & Mosle LLP

With a core team that has practiced together for more than 30 years, Curtis, Mallet-Prevost, Colt & Mosle LLP provides a high degree of experience and knowledge to a strong and loyal client base of foreign exporters and governments in many of their highest-profile trade disputes. Although it has a smaller international footprint than many of the ranked firms, its offices in Geneva and Beijing are of great assistance to clients in, respectively, WTO matters and the many China-related issues. Team head Daniel Porter regularly leads on the most significant matters handled by the firm, such as the ongoing representation of LG Electronics in its trade litigation. This work has recently included defending the company in relation to safeguard actions targeting the importation of washing machines and solar panels. Matthew McCullough has a flourishing reputation in the market, having achieved some significant victories for corporates and foreign governments in subsidies cases. As well as handling domestic investigations, McCullough, alongside Porter, has also been a pivotal part of the firm's growth in the WTO arena, where the Chinese government is a significant client. James Durling rounds out the team at partner level, while counsel Antonio Riva Palacio Lavin has expertise advising on matters with a Latin America nexus, as well as on China matters by virtue of his role as the firm's chief representative of the Beijing office. William Barringer  joined Morris, Manning & Martin, LLP in April 2018. Named attorneys are based out of Washington DC, unless otherwise stated.

McDermott Will & Emery LLP

Led by Carolyn GleasonMcDermott Will & Emery LLP's five-partner Washington DC-based team has experience across a wide range of contentious and non-contentious transnational matters relating to global trade. Gleason has a particular strength advising clients in the food, beverage and agribusiness sector, and, aided by senior counsel David Levine and Raymond Paretzky, has been representing the US ripe olive industry in anti-dumping and countervailing duty proceedings against imports of ripe olives from Spain. Levine and Paretzky also secured a notable victory for Korean multinational CJ Corporation in anti-dumping administrative review proceedings. Other clients include Chiquita Brands, Illinois Tool Works and Olam.

Pillsbury Winthrop Shaw Pittman LLP

Jointly headed out of Washington DC by Nancy Fischer and Stephan Becker, Pillsbury Winthrop Shaw Pittman LLP's four-partner team provides 'user-friendly, concise but thorough' advice to an impressive roster of global corporates (including Rolls-Royce, Facebook and Panasonic) across a wide range of international trade matters. Appreciated for his 'experience in addressing dispute settlement issues from both government policy and private sector commercial perspectives and his experience in drafting provisions in international trade and investment agreements', Becker's diverse contentious and non-contentious expertise includes his ongoing representation of the Mexican government in NAFTA and WTO matters. Fischer handles contentious and non-contentious work for both corporates and industry coalitions, including a large group of US nuclear utilities in ongoing trade remedy matters before the DOC related to the Russian Suspension Agreement. The 'incredibly responsiveChristopher Wall is vastly experienced in the field and provides 'highly commercial advice' to clients across policy and compliance-related matters. Wall's recent work has included advising Sony Pictures Entertainment on sanctions matters, and helping Chevron secure Section 232 exclusions. Counsel Aaron Hutman is a 'star individual', particularly as it relates to work at the intersection of international law, business and US policy. Senior associates Matthew Rabinowitz and Benjamin Cote are appreciated by clients for their 'sincere objectivity and integrity'.

Baker & Hostetler LLP

Led by Kerry ScarlottBaker & Hostetler LLP's seven-partner Washington DC-based team provides 'diligent, coordinated and fully informed' service to a variety of clients across the gamut of contentious and non-contentious international trade matters. Scarlott has particular expertise acting for aerospace and technology-based clients seeking to navigate the myriad trade issues impacting their businesses; he recently assisted Firefly Aerospace in securing Department of State approval allowing it to engage in technical interactions with a Ukraine-based designer and manufacturer of rocket engine components. On the trade remedies front, Elliot Feldman has an excellent track record on Canada-related matters, including a recent success before the ITC for Canadian paper manufacturer Resolute Forest Products, which resulted in the commission unanimously voting to overturn duties recently imposed on Canadian newsprint by the US Commerce Department. John Burke and Michael Snarr are also recommended.

Clifford Chance

Benefiting from a 'unique global coverage', Clifford Chance's Washington DC-based team provides 'reliable and accurate advice' to an impressive roster of banks and international corporates on economic sanctions and export controls compliance and enforcement matters. The 'superbGeorge Kleinfeld is 'able to draw upon vast experience of dealing with regulators and different client types' and has an 'excellent knowledge across OFAC and DOC regulations and sanctions'. Kleinfeld also handles CFIUS work, including his recent involvement, alongside lawyers from Germany and London, on the clearance necessary for Cinven, on the $2.6bn sale of Germany-based CeramTec to an investor consortium led by BC Partners. Lead US partner for the firm's global risk team, litigator David DiBari and Wendy Wysong, who splits her time between Hong Kong and Washington DC, have been advising Chinese telecoms company ZTE in a US investigation of unauthorized exports of US-origin telecoms equipment to Iran and other embargoed countries. 'Superb' counsel Jacqueline Landells also regularly provides 'able support' to Kleinfeld on OFAC matters, and Joshua Fitzhugh, who was formerly an in-house lawyer at BAE Systems, has an 'excellent understanding of the aerospace industry' and its international trade implications.

Davis Polk & Wardwell LLP

Closely integrated with the firm's white-collar and financial regulatory teams in particular, Davis Polk & Wardwell LLP 's multi-disciplinary economic sanctions and national security practice excels at handling compliance and enforcement work for financial services entities and corporations. In addition to his export control and sanctions expertise, John Reynolds regularly advises on CFIUS regulatory approvals on a standalone basis, as well as on behalf of the firm's significant roster of corporate clients. Reynolds provided regulatory compliance advice relating to global technology company Aptiv Plc's $650m acquisition of Winchester Interconnect from an affiliate of Snow Phipps Group. As a function of her role as co-chair of the firm's white-collar criminal defense and government investigations group, Angela Burgess regularly advises major corporates in global anti-bribery investigations.

Dechert LLP

Strengthened by the arrival in April 2018 of the 'superbAmanda DeBusk and the 'proactive and balancedMelissa Duffy from Hughes Hubbard & Reed LLP, particularly on the export controls and economic sanctions front, Dechert LLP's growing international trade offering is an increasingly attractive proposition, both for institutional clients (including many of its impressive roster of funds clients) and on a standalone basis. Both DeBusk and Duffy provide sanctions and export controls counseling to global automotive heavyweight Ford Motor Company; as the largest US investor in Russia, the advice has been particularly tailored to ensure it mitigates its exposure to the recently implemented Russian sanctions. As part of his broad broad-ranging trade practice, co-head Jeremy Zucker regularly handles CFIUS clearance work, which recently included advising (alongside the firm's Hong Kong office) SK Hynix, as part of a consortium, on the $18bn acquisition of Toshiba’s memory chip division. Counsel Sean Kane is also recommended. All named attorneys are based in Washington DC.

Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer LLP

Headed by New York-based Kimberley ZelnickFreshfields Bruckhaus Deringer LLP's 'efficient and practical' team is an integral part of the firm's global international trade offering, which excels at assisting global corporates and financial institutions navigate overlapping and conflicting laws, particularly as it relates to anti-corruption and sanctions matters. In a matter which involved significant input from London, Frankfurt and Vienna, Zelnick successfully guided a banking syndicate through complex US sanctions and the possible impact of EU blocking regulations relating to its role as underwriters of a €350m bond issuance by Schmolz + Bickenbach, a Swiss company with a significant minority ownership held by a Russian oligarch recently placed on the US sanctions list. Washington DC-based counsel Nabeel Yousef and New York-based counsel Stephanie Brown Cripps both excel at sanctions and export controls matters, and are key members of the team, as is Washington DC-based counsel Christine Laciak, who regularly provides CFIUS input on M&A transactions.

Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher LLP

Closely intertwined with the firm's white-collar and regulatory defense group, Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher LLP's international trade offering focuses on providing anti-corruption/AML and economic sanctions compliance and enforcement work for domestic and global corporates. Working closely with colleagues out of the firm's London office, Washington DC-based co-head Judith Lee is advising global US-based insurance broker, AJ Gallagher & Company, on US/EU economic sanctions and US and global anti-corruption issues. Lee also regularly takes the lead on CFIUS matters and has secured clearances on numerous sensitive transactions, including for Williams Olefins on its $2.1bn sale to a UAE-based sovereign wealth fund. Formerly Assistant Secretary of State for Economic, Energy and Business Affairs during Obama’s administration, New York-based Jose Fernandez is recommended for his work on international trade issues impacting M&A and financing transactions with a Latin America nexus. Other clients include First Data Corporation, E*TRADE Financial Corporation and Ferrovial.

Kirkland & Ellis LLP

Anchored from Washington DC, but with the ability to draw upon key practitioners in Europe and Asia, Kirkland & Ellis LLP's international trade and national security practice provides a 'holistic and integrated service' across a range of non-contentious trade issues. Spearheaded by the 'excellentMario Mancuso, the team picks up a significant amount of CFIUS work both in a freestanding capacity and by virtue of its huge volume of transactional work for its roster of private equity sponsors. Mancuso recently advised Brookfield Infrastructure on the $1.1bn acquisition of a US data center portfolio from AT&T Corporation. The team also provides strategic compliance advice across anti-corruption, sanctions and export control matters. Sanjay Mullick is also a key member of the team, which was strengthened by the recent recruitment of Anthony Rapa and of counsel Abigail Cotterill, from Steptoe & Johnson LLP and Miller & Chevalier Chartered respectively.

Miller & Chevalier Chartered

The 'user-friendly' single office Washington DC team at Miller & Chevalier Chartered provides 'practical and pragmatic advice' across a range of international trade issues, particularly in the context of global anti-corruption matters. Active across the full scope of FCPA-related work, from internal investigations through to compliance monitorships, the team recently conducted an internal investigation for the audit committee of Colombian national oil company Ecopetrol looking into allegations by Colombian prosecutors of approximately $4bn in cost overruns in connection with the construction of a refinery by one of its subsidiaries. The 'extremely intelligent  and strategically astuteTimothy O’Toole is 'outstanding' at handling economic sanctions/export control matters, both from a contentious and non-contentious perspective. Former DOJ lawyer, Brian Fleming  also excels in sanctions and export control matters, as well as CFIUS clearance issues. Other recommended practitioners include Kathryn Cameron Atkinson, whose anti-corruption expertise has been acknowledged by the government, which has twice appointed her as independent FCPA compliance monitor; Matteson Ellis, particularly on FCPA matters with a Latin American nexus; the 'vastly experienced' FCPA expert Homer Moyer; and James Tillen, who has a focus on FCPA and AML matters.

O'Melveny & Myers LLP

Led on the CFIUS front by the 'superbTed Kassinger, and on economic sanctions and export control matters by Greta Lichtenbaum O'Melveny & Myers LLP 's three-partner Washington DC-based team is a vital resource for institutional firmwide and standalone clients seeking to gain global competitiveness as a result of the team's ability to navigate the myriad national and international trade regulations. Kassinger provided the CFIUS advice to Singapore-based chipmaker Broadcom on its highly scrutinized and politically sensitive $117bn bid to acquire US rival Qualcomm. Lichtenbaum recently represented long-time client BHH Management on OFAC matters related to the $79m sale of its bullet manufacturing business, Sierra Bullets, to Clarus Corporation. Other clients include IBM, DigitalGlobe and Microsemi Corporation.

Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom LLP

Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom LLP's international trade team - despite a number of high-profile departures to the US government - is still a 'very strong CFIUS practice', which is able to leverage the firm's market-leading M&A offering. Ivan Schlager heads up the firm's national security practice and is regularly involved in the most significant CFIUS matters handled by the firm for both purchasers and vendors. Financial services regulatory head Jamie Boucher handles a significant volume of sanctions and AML matters for financial institutions.

Weil, Gotshal & Manges LLP

Weil, Gotshal & Manges LLP's two-partner team is engaged in a raft of significant trade matters as a consequence of the firm's vast pipeline of transactional work. 'An expert on foreign investment and sanctions', Washington DC-based team head Ted Posner is regularly engaged on the CFIUS front for the firm's impressive roster of private equity sponsors on their global transactions; he recently acted for Antin Infrastructure Partners on the CFIUS review of its acquisition of FirstLight Fiber from Oak Hill Capital Partners. Posner also 'has a uniquely deep understanding of the intersection of policy, politics and business', traits which are admirably demonstrated in his continued role for Chevron on bilateral investment treaty matters.

Willkie Farr & Gallagher LLP

Headed out of Washington DC by the 'extremely talentedDavid MortlockWillkie Farr & Gallagher LLP's two-partner team represents a growing roster of domestic and global corporates in a wide range of international trade and investment issues. 'A superstar in the sanctions space', Mortlock has superb insight into government trade policy as a result of his recent tenure as director for international economic affairs at the White House National Security Council. Mortlock provides ongoing guidance to Air France on compliance with US sanctions and export control laws regarding Iran and other jurisdictions. Also formerly at the government, where her most recent role was as acting general counsel of the Treasury Department, Priya Aiyar excels at advising clients on sanctions, AML and foreign investment matters, as well as on litigation and internal and government investigations.