Firms To Watch: Property litigation

Guildford-based Stevens & Bolton LLP is skilled in all aspects of commercial landlord and tenant work while also frequently advising in the logistics and distribution sector. Helen Wheddon leads the team, with Caroline DeLaney joining from Memery Crystal in August 2022.

Firms in the Spotlight Property litigation

Ronald Fletcher Baker LLP

Ronald Fletcher Baker attracts a diverse client base from financial institutions, high-net-worth individuals and substantial freehold corporate investors, as a result of which the firm has considerable expertise acting for corporate investors based in the BVI, Bahamas, Mauritius, Seychelles, Turkey and Isle of Man. This department also acts for sellers and buyers, and buy-to-let investors, …

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Property litigation in London

Bryan Cave Leighton Paisner

The real estate disputes team at Bryan Cave Leighton Paisner handles complex lease disputes, restrictive covenant cases and landlord and tenant matters for a wide-range of blue-chip clients. ‘Expert in his field’ Akhil Markanday leads the team and is experienced in all aspects of contentious property work, including complex joint ventures and sale and purchase disputes. Roger Cohen advises investors, owners and occupiers on real estate disputes and transactional risks, whilst ‘top-rate lawyer’ Rebecca Campbell handles complex disputes surrounding exit strategies, dilapidation claims and insolvency claims. The ‘brilliant’ Anna Iceton is also a key team member with strong abilities acting for a range of institutional clients in both commercial and residential contexts. Michael Metliss left the team to join Fladgate LLP in October 2022.

Practice head(s):

Akhil Markanday

Other key lawyers:

Roger Cohen; Victoria Blanchard; Rebecca Campbell; Anna Iceton; Edward Gardner


‘Victoria Blanchard is my go-to on rights of light queries for development projects. She is an astute tactician.’

‘Anna Iceton is always on point – her legal analysis is brilliant.’

‘Rebecca Campbell is a top-rate lawyer and great at client management.’

‘Akhil Markanday is my go-to man. His opinions have steered us through litigation on a number of occasions, his analysis of matters is quick and robust. I can think of no one better in the industry. His advice is commercial and excellent at that. He’s a subject matter expert and somewhere that we have always relied upon.’

‘Akhil Markanday is more than just an expert in his field. He is pragmatic, creative and commercial. Not just a black letter law practitioner – he considers the practical context which maximises the chances of an optimal outcome. He is personable, responsive and open to suggestions, which fosters a better client relationship dynamic.’

‘Roger Cohen is extremely experienced and it is very reassuring to have him in your corner when dealing with highly sensitive legal matters. He remains calm under pressure, stands his ground and responds accordingly. The quality of his legal letters is quite something; it fills you with confidence. Roger is very personable and easy to deal with which is important in a high-pressured situation.’

‘This is a team at the top of its game. Incredibly well-versed in the concerns of developer clients with fantastic, considered analysis of problems and constructive solutions.’

‘Akhil Markanday is brilliant with clients, calm and reassuring. Edward Gardner is one to watch – a star in the making.’

Key clients


The Crown Estate


Canary Wharf Group



Heathrow Airport

Great Portland Estates

National Grid







Federated Hermes

Thames Water


Work highlights

  • Acted for the freeholders of high-end Fitzrovia development Fitzroy House, successfully defending a multi-million-pound High Court noise nuisance claim brought by a long leaseholder.
  • Advised Almacantar, owner of London’s iconic Centre Point development, in securing an injunction restraining Urban Explorers who trespass in order to scale (and sometimes even parachute off) the tallest parts of the development.
  • Acted for the landlords/site providers in a widely reported Telecoms lease renewal case of particular importance on the issue of rental valuation in new and renewed Telecoms Code agreements.


With one of the largest teams in the market, CMS is capable of providing the full spectrum of commercial advice to clients involved in business-critical, complex disputes. The team is led by the 'unrivalled' Danielle Drummond-Brassington who has a strong track record in handling significant real estate telecoms matters. The 'enormously experienced' Marcus Barclay specialises in rent reviews, whilst Julie Gattegno is experienced in disputes stemming from the Covid-19 pandemic. 'Outstanding property litigator' Nick Lloyd is a specialist in rights of light matters and Robin Biela focuses on development and redevelopment work. Anna Ralston-Crane is noteworthy for her experience in residential licensing law and Covid rent arrears-related cases, whilst 'first-rate' practitioner Eleanor Murray leads the enfranchisement and residential dispute team.

Practice head(s):

Danielle Drummond-Brassington

Other key lawyers:

Marcus Barclay; Julie Gattegno; Nick Lloyd; Nick Wood; Eleanor Murray; Anna Ralston-Crane; Robin Biela


‘Marcus Barclay is the single best property litigation solicitor in the UK. He is enormously experienced, knowledgeable and has outstanding tactical insight.’

‘Eleanor Murray is first-rate at dealing with enfranchisement, rights of first refusal, the right to manage, and all other aspects of residential property. She is also an excellent team leader.’

‘Exceptional breadth and depth in property litigation. This the firm for any major property dispute. Unrivalled leadership from Danielle Drummond-Brassington, and a very strong partnership team including key players such as Eleanor Murray. They are hugely well-resourced, offering the in-depth strategic planning and top legal advice that one would expect of a firm at the top end of the market.’

Key clients



D&D Restaurant Group


Sainsbury’s Supermarkets Limited

Barings European Core Property Fund

The Crown Estate


Columbia Threadneedle


Work highlights

  • Advised Shell to obtain urgent injunctions to restrain unlawful, unsafe protest activities from a range of climate protestors at Shell’s HQ and at petrol stations across the country.
  • Advising Landsec on its industry-leading decarbonisation project where it intends to be net zero by 2030.
  • Acting for Cineworld in respect of one of the most significant and high profile Covid rent arrears cases, which was also listed as one of the top appeals to watch in 2022.

Eversheds Sutherland (International) LLP

Eversheds Sutherland (International) LLP is well-known for its experience in acting for clients in business-critical real estate litigation matters. In particular, the firm handles work concerning enfranchisement, judicial review, rent review and significant developments. The team also contains specialists in telecoms and urban explorer-related cases. Team leader Will Densham has impressive experience in rent review and right to light disputes. Stuart Wortley is involved in market-leading cases concerning protest law in addition to his work concerning urban explorers. Thekla Fellas leads the telecoms code group, whilst the 'incredibly knowledgeable' Rashpal Soomal focuses on supporting high-profile developers on large-scale development matters.

Practice head(s):

Will Densham

Other key lawyers:

Stuart Wortley; Rashpal Soomal; Thekla Fellas


‘Rashpal Soomal helped us out in real estate dispute. Thanks to her we saved a lot of time and money and we never had to worry about anything.’

‘Rashpal Soomal is incredibly knowledgeable about the complex area of right to light and she combines exceptional technical expertise with a commercial outlook and real enthusiasm and energy to achieve our objectives.’

‘As a practice, they have expanded their right to light capability which means they are able to resource large projects effortlessly and at short notice, including extensive due diligence exercises on big development schemes.’

‘Eversheds stands out from other firms because of their customer-focused work attitude.’

‘Precise, professional advice.’

‘Rashpal Soomal is one of a limited number of true experts when it comes to right to light, and really understands the issues.’

‘I always get the sense that Rashpal is looking out for the client’s best interests, offering practical commercial solutions rather than just navel gazing on the legal niceties.’

‘They have various specialisms where they have best in class lawyers, namely rights to light, rent review and telecoms. In my view, Eversheds Sutherland are one of , if not the key players in the real estate disputes market by some stretch.’

Key clients

Annington Property Limited/Terra Firma Capital

Aberdeen Asset Management (formerly Scottish Widows)

AP Wireless (II) UK Limited (APW)

Associated British Ports

Berkeley Homes

Blackstone Property Group/ReVantage Europe

Bloc Hotel

British Land

Canary Wharf Group

China General Nuclear Power Corp

Coventry City Council

Derwent London Plc

ED&F Man Group

Fordstam Limited

Go Ahead

IGas Energy

Land Securities

Legal & General

London Bishopsgate BV

Longmartin Properties Limited

River Court (part of Chinese Estates and other associated entities which hold other buildings)

Shaftesbury PLC

Sure Honest Limited

Teighmore Limited

The Leathersellers Company

University of Arts London

University of London

Utopia A Limited (an Elizabeth Murdoch company)

Forsters LLP

The property litigation team at Forsters LLP has recently acted on a series of complex market-leading matters before the High Court, Court of Appeal and the Supreme Court. The team handles a diverse range of commercial and residential disputes, particularly those regarding developments, service charge disputes and dilapidation claims. Practice head and ‘masterful litigator’ Ben Barrison has particular expertise in rights of light matters, as well as development disputes and property insolvency issues. ‘Very knowledgeable’ senior partner Natasha Rees is an expert in residential disputes and enfranchisement. Jonathan Ross, who is noted for his ability to find ‘ingenious solutions’, is experienced in property-related professional negligence claims, whilst the 'bright, hardworking and engaging' Anna Mullins handles residential and commercial landlord and tenant matters.

Practice head(s):

Ben Barrison

Other key lawyers:

Natasha Rees; Jonathan Ross; Anna Mullins; Julia Tobbell; Will Leney


‘Natasha Rees is been at the forefront of Forsters’ success. She is very knowledgeable in all aspects of property litigation, particularly in relation to leasehold enfranchisement.’

‘Forsters probably have the greatest strength-in-depth of any property firm in the country. They are at the top of their game.’

‘Natasha Rees is focused, determined and super bright.’

‘Jonathan Ross is a person who will not let matters rest until he has found ingenious solutions.’

‘Julia Tobbell is arguably the very best property litigation lawyer in the business.’

‘High levels of capability and diligence, coupled with an ability to empathise with our situation and make genuine recommendations as opposed to simply presenting options.’

‘Ben Barrison is a masterful litigator. He is calm under pressure, excellent with clients, and his thorough and detailed knowledge of property law and litigation is applied expansively and in a considered fashion to the cases he works on. Will Leney has a detail-orientated, sharp and technical legal mind. His assiduous attention to detail and thorough case preparation make him a truly delightful team player.’

‘Anna Mullins is a real star of the property litigation world. She is bright, hardworking, engaging and, above all, effective.’

Key clients

Fearn and Others (leaseholders of Neo Bankside)

The Ministry of Defence

The Crown Estate

The Phillimore Estate


Consolidated Developments

Knight Dragon

LaSalle Investment Management and abrdn plc

Menta Regeneration Limited

The Mercers’ Company

Wrenbridge Land

Aldford House Freehold Limited

Work highlights

  • Secured a win in the Supreme Court for our longstanding clients (various leaseholders at the Neo Bankside Development) in their six-year nuisance claim against the Tate Gallery in relation to their viewing platform.
  • Acting for the Ministry of Defence (MOD) in a case concerning around 38k properties across England and Wales, known as the Married Quarters Estate used by the MOD to house service personnel and their families, concerning its its statutory enfranchisement rights over the portfolio.

Hogan Lovells International LLP

Hogan Lovells International LLP‘s ‘bright, resourceful and personable’ practice handles a wide-range of complex, high-value real estate disputes, particularly in regard to insolvency issues and development matters. The team frequently acts at the forefront of base-build defect claims. Mathew Ditchburn leads the firm’s international real estate litigation practice and has a particular specialism in insolvency-related matters. The ‘super bright’ Paul Tonkin acts on all forms of real estate dispute on behalf of institutional landlords, developers, retailers and financial institutions. Noteworthy team member Tim Reid is an expert in leasehold enfranchisement. Katie Dunn and Benjamin Willis are also key names in the cohort. Senior counsel consultant Nicholas Cheffings departed to an in-house role in December 2022.

Practice head(s):

Mathew Ditchburn

Other key lawyers:

Paul Tonkin; Tim Reid; Katie Dunn; Benjamin Willis


‘Paul Tonkin is incredibly adept at looking at the issues and very efficiently providing complete and concise advice to resolve the situation.’

‘This firm is cutting-edge in its ability to deploy a team of bright, resourceful and personable lawyers. It exceeds expectations in every respect.’

‘Paul Tonkin is super bright – an up-and-coming superstar.’

‘A cohesive and hardworking team of individuals who are rightly recognised as leaders in their field. The partners compliment each other well, in terms of personality and also focus and expertise.’

‘Paul Tonkin is a standout partner. He has an extremely detailed knowledge and understanding of the law. He is very commercial and pragmatic and delegates effectively. A strategic and thoughtful litigator who always adds value. He is always calm and collected.’

‘Ben Willis deserves special mention – he is 100% on-the-ball, efficient, focused and a delight to work with.’

‘Tim Reid is a respected associate who really understands the market.’

‘Hogan Lovells, as a firm, has exceeded all of our expectations and we look forward to continuing our relationship with them.’

Key clients

British Land


The Crown Estate

Argent (King’s Cross Central Limited Partnership)

M&G Real Estate

Oxford University


HM Revenue and Customs

Berkeley Homes



Curzon Cinemas

English Speaking Union


Columbia Threadneedle

Greystoke Land Limited

Hilton Hotels

SCPI Pierval Santé

The Other House

Effective Ventures Foundation

Work highlights

  • Acting for the Libyan sovereign wealth fund, LIA, in a claim against millionaire property developer Roger King (the former owner of Stoke Park) and five other defendants.
  • Advising The Crown Estate in relation to its proposed redevelopment of 33-35 Piccadilly, including on highly contested opposed lease renewal proceedings.
  • Advising our clients, the landlords of New Look Retailers Limited, who challenged the Company’s company voluntary arrangement which was approved by the Company’s creditors in September 2020.

Mishcon de Reya LLP

Mishcon de Reya LLP regularly handles business-critical property litigation work across all levels of court, including in matters concerning injunctions, rent review and development. The 'cohesive' and 'highly commercial' team also features a strong rights of light practice, led by Chhavie Kapoor. Team leader and 'incredibly strategic' practitioner Daniel Levy is known for his experience with complex landlord and tenant matters such as dilapidation and development disputes. Joanna Lampert is experienced in complex disputes, whilst Emma Macintyre handles complex contractual and joint venture disputes concerning significant London developments. Mark Reading handles all aspects of residential and commercial property law.

Practice head(s):

Daniel Levy

Other key lawyers:

Joanna Lampert; Emma Macintyre; Chhavie Kapoor; Mark Reading


‘Creative approach with clear and sound advice – they are easy to work with and focused on the best outcome for the client at all times.’

‘Great on property litigation – cost-effective, results-orientated and innovative but also happy to assist formally or otherwise on other disputes or to recommend lawyers in other areas. A true business partner.’

‘Daniel Levy is the best property litigator I have come across in London’

‘An incredibly able, collaborative and rapid response team, hugely strategic in their approach, they always strive to provide the best service and outcome for every client. Particularly strong in high-stakes, complex issue and high-value litigation – they have a well-deserved reputation as being robust, fierce and highly effective opponents.’

‘Dan Levy run the cohesive team, is incredibly strategic, highly commercial and will always spot and pursue the best angle to the secure the most advantageous outcome.’

‘The real estate litigation team at Mishcons is the best out there. Whenever you need them, the machine goes into action and the service is always flawless.’

‘The biggest difference between Mishcons and other firms is that they do not adopt a cookie cutter approach and understand what you want to achieve – they then put the appropriate strategy in place.’

‘Dan Levy and Emma Mcintyre are partners at the very top of their game and the profession.’

Key clients


Shaftesbury Capital plc

Blackstone Property Management

IWG plc


AEW UK Core Property Fund and AEW UK Reit Plc


Meadow Partners


Hush Brasseries Limited

Equites Property Fund

The Gilbert Estate

Work highlights

  • Advised AEW UK Core Property Fund and AEW UK Reit Plc on a variety of landlord and tenant matters, including the market-leading property litigation case of 2022 in the Court of Appeal against Cine-UK.
  • Advised Hush Restaurants in a claim against its landlords seeking relief from the forfeiture of an option for a new lease of 8 Lancashire Court, London.
  • Advised Meadow Partners on litigation matters at Tolworth Tower in Kingston, including disputes with the local council and a flagship M&S store.

Addleshaw Goddard

Addleshaw Goddard‘s real estate disputes team is active in a number of the market’s most rapidly growing sectors, including the living sector, rights of light matters, joint venture disputes and concerns arising from the Building Safety Act. Frances Richardson leads the team with considerable experience relating to contract disputes, insolvency, dilapidation and professional negligence claims, whilst Gregory Simms deals with all forms of real estate litigation with a particular focus on overage, development and contract disputes.

Practice head(s):

Frances Richardson

Other key lawyers:

Gregory Simms; Alison Oates; Beth Wilton

Key clients

Standard Life Assurance Limited

HB Reavis

Mount Anvil


Travelodge Hotels Limited

British Land


Battersea Power Station Development Company

Almcor (Coryton Asset Holding Limited)

Schroders Ground Rent Income Fund

Work highlights

  • Advised Schroders in relation to high value High Court litigation with their landlord, TfGM, in relation to long standing, highly complex water ingress issues at viaduct premises
  • Advised Coryton Asset Holding Limited (part of Almcor) in relation to their vacant possession strategy for their billion pound regeneration of Coryton oil refinery into the Thames Enterprise Park.


The real estates disputes team at Ashurst works closely with the firm's other teams, both domestically and abroad, allowing them to offer the full breadth of dispute services to clients at local and international level. This includes in matters regarding rights of light, restrictive covenants, dilapidations and insolvency. 'Astute operator' Alison Hardy leads the global practice and has particular experience working with property investment companies, commercial landlords and property developers. Kim Clifford, noted for her 'tactical nous' specialises in insolvency-related disputes, whilst Joe Perry-Courtade is experienced in dilapidations and rights to light matters.

Practice head(s):

Alison Hardy

Other key lawyers:

Kim Clifford; Chloe Meredith; Joe Perry-Courtade; Debbie Eliad


‘Alison Hardy is first class – she puts her detailed legal knowledge into simple practical advice for her clients, often rolling her sleeves up to make sure things get done perfectly during the lockdowns.’

‘Ashurst have an absolutely stellar property litigation department. The key to Ashurst’s success is a rich seam of exceptional lawyers and partner level, who are ably assisted by a team of notably hardworking and effective associates; and they manage to deliver first-class advice.’

‘Alison Hardy’s team provides fast, high-quality and commercial advice and they are always willing to discuss and suggest solutions to bespoke queries. We have found Ashurst’s advice more commercially practicable than other firms who provide more stock-standard advice and as such, we use Ashurst’s property litigation team wherever possible.’

Key clients


DT Nominee One Limited and DT Nominee Two Limited


IBM United Kingdom Limited

WM Morrison Supermarkets Limited

SBP 1 S.à.r.l.

Oxford Jersey Holding Company Limited

70 Mark Lane GP Ltd and 70 Mark Lane Nominee Ltd

Hana Property S.à.r.l.

Berkeley Homes

Pocket Living

Johnson Hatton Office Trustee 1 Limited and Johnson Hatton Office Trustee 2 Limited

Work highlights

  • Continuing to act in various lease renewal claims in the County Courts under the Landlord and Tenant Act 1954.
  • Advised IBM on their exit from their main UK offices in the IBM Building, London Southbank. This included advising on break rights, dilapidations and the termination of wayleave and telecoms supply agreements.
  • Acting in High Court proceedings relating to tenants’ rights of first refusal under the Landlord and Tenant Act 1987.

Charles Russell Speechlys LLP

Working across the whole spectrum of property litigation, the ‘strong and well-resourced’ practice at Charles Russell Speechlys LLP features particular expertise in rights of light and leasehold enfranchisement matters. The team also contains experts in London Urban Estates and the telecoms sector, particularly the Electronic Communications Code. 'Outstanding lawyer' Emma Humphreys has a particular focus on break rights, insolvency matters and rent arrears. 'Superbly gifted practitioner' James Souter leads the firm’s enfranchisement group and has a notable specialism in development-related work. David Haines leads the team, splitting his time between London and Guildford.

Practice head(s):

David Haines

Other key lawyers:

Emma Humphreys; James Souter; Georgina Muskett; Lauren Fraser


‘A very strong and well-resourced team across different regions who work well collectively.’

‘James Souter is commercially savvy and on top of recent trends.’

‘Georgina Muskett is hardworking, diligent and extremely committed, with a keen eye for detail.’

‘Emma Humphreys makes the practice unique. She is an outstanding lawyer. The team is well organised with matters resourced effectively across the London and Cheltenham offices. Always well appraised of developments and trends within the market.’

‘Emma Humphreys is an outstanding lawyer. She is commercial in her approach, with an excellent understanding of our business and the issues we face.’

‘Georgina Muskett is extremely able. She single-handedly dragged a case that we were working on together back from oblivion – when our expert witness could no longer give evidence. Her management was very, very impressive, and we subsequently won the case. I could not speak more highly of her.’

‘Absolutely top expertise in rights to light. They combine hard work and imagination.’

‘James Souter knows more about rights to light than anyone – a superbly gifted practitioner with enormous flair and imagination.’

Key clients

Church Commissioners for England

Howard de Walden Estates Limited

Ballymore Group

Stonegate Pub Company Limited


London & Cambridge Properties

Derwent London Plc

Eton College

Actis LLP

Pivotal Homes

Workspace Group

London Hotels Collection

RCL Cruises

Bellway Homes Ltd

Berkeley Group

Greenwich Millennium Village Ltd

Manhattan Loft Corporation

The Merchant Taylors’ Company

Hollybrook Limited

Work highlights

  • Advising Ballymore on a variety of commercial lease and telecoms disputes and successfully recovering possession of a commercial unit from squatters.
  • Acting on behalf of the Church Commissioners in an unusual application to determine the apportionment of garden rates under an Estate Management Scheme.
  • Acting on behalf of the Church Commissioners to recover possession of a commercial unit after the dissolution of the tenant company and unlawful occupation by one of its former directors, including setting aside an injunction.

Clyde & Co

The property litigation team at Clyde & Co handles the full range of contentious commercial property matters, with a particular focus on landlord and tenant work, while also handling matters concerning dilapidations, service charge disputes and rent arrears. The 'massively experienced' Keith Conway leads the team, specialising in development matters in the office, retail and hospitality sectors; Jeremy Stephen is particularly experienced in land development; and senior associate Robert Wood who joined from CMS in September 2022 has ‘great technical knowledge’ regarding complex commercial property disputes.

Practice head(s):

Keith Conway

Other key lawyers:

Jeremy Stephen; Robert Wood; Claudia Fletcher; Sarah Buxton


‘Keith Conway leads a great team which goes from strength to strength.’

‘Keith Conway is massively experienced and sensible. An eye for the detail combined with a practical approach. Jeremy Stephen has a seriously good brain and great analysis of difficult situations. He ties the other side in knots.’

‘Clyde & Co has a very talented real estate team. They can handle the complexity of large real estate undertakings.’

Herbert Smith Freehills LLP

Herbert Smith Freehills LLP is experienced in handling contentious landlord and tenant work alongside big ticket litigation concerning development, as well as rights of light, lease renewals, telecoms and trespassers. The team is led by 'legend in his field' Matthew Bonye, who handles all manner of commercial real estate disputes such as those relating to land purchases, ratings appeals and contractual issues. He is supported by Frances Edwards, who namely handles complex contractual disputes and professional negligence matters.

Practice head(s):

Matthew Bonye

Other key lawyers:

Frances Edwards


‘HSF has a cracking property litigation team – but they also have the huge resources of the wider practice standing behind them, so you can rest assured that if there is a planning, insurance or other dimension to your problem, the firm will be there for you.’

‘Matthew Bonye is one of the nicest people to deal with – but do not assume that he is a soft touch: he is vastly experienced, and able to think around a problem in the depth that sophisticated clients want.

‘The team are confident with their recommendations. Have top knowledge of case law. Will advise promptly and give support.’

‘One of the top, if not THE top, firm of property litigators in the London market.’

‘Matthew Bonye is really a legend in his field. Not only a brilliant lawyer, but a lovely person to boot.’

‘Very detailed level of knowledge, vast resources to draw upon.’

‘The team has great breadth and depth of service.’

‘Very good at initial review and investigation and advice.’

Key clients

Ludgate House Limited (part of Native Land)

Portigon AG

Federated Hermes

The Board of Trustees of The Tate Gallery

British Land Plc (BL CW Holdings Limited)


The Madison Square Garden Company

Work highlights

  • Advising British Land on all contentious matters flowing from the largest urban regeneration project in Europe (Canada Water, Southwark).
  • Acting for the Board of Trustees of the Tate Gallery in the groundbreaking case of overlooking and the torts of nuisance.
  • Acted for Ludgate House Limited in their high-profile test case on the validity of property guardianship as a business rates mitigation tool.

Osborne Clarke LLP

The 'top-notch' real estate litigation team at Osborne Clarke LLP handles complex disputes across all levels of court. Most notably, the team acts for a number of the firm’s energy clients on their real estate matters, while also handling development disputes, commercial landlord and tenant matters and residential mixed-use property disputes. 'Fantastic team leader' Gary Lawrenson works across the whole market, with particular experience in rights of light disputes. Carl Roche is especially active on real estate disputes in the renewable energy sector, whilst the 'excellent' Shinead Wilson handles a range of neighbourly matters.

Practice head(s):

Gary Lawrenson

Other key lawyers:

Carl Roche; Shinead Wilson; Rebecca Francis; Donal Kelly; Victoria Woolf


‘Very dependable people who always respond quickly and are also not afraid of giving honest feedback.’

‘Gary Lawrenson is a fantastic leader and has wonderful charisma. He is liked by all clients and offers considered thought and time on all projects he is involved in. I would highly recommend.’

‘Carl Roche is leading the way with cutting edge renewable energy work in the London office and is a top choice for energy disputes. The kind of relentless litigator you really want on your side of a dispute, but also a great team player and easy to work with.’

‘Donal Kelly heads up the commercial landlord and tenant disputes team in London. He has top-notch client care skills, and is adroit at gaining client support for his proposed strategies, as clients trust his judgment. He is outstanding at disputes under the 1954 Act, and arising from rent reviews and break notices.’

‘High experienced and knowledgeable in property litigation. Team of highly regarded individuals with plenty of support in relation to administration, IT and other fee earners. They deliver what they promise.’

‘Victoria Woolf is first-rate in the field of party walls: she is hugely experienced and has excellent links with surveyors and the world of real property. She is very practical and an excellent negotiator with a keen eye for how to solve disputes. As a litigator, she is tough and fearless in fighting for her her clients, and achieves great results.’

‘Shinead Wilson is excellent in the fields of rights of light and party walls. Again, very client-orientated and goes the extra mile in trying to obtain the results her clients want. She has an in-depth knowledge of her subject and always puts her clients first. She is a highly capable negotiator.’

‘A top-notch firm, with serious partners at the helm who are at the forefront of the industry. Really well-resourced and coordinated with solid level-headed advice being given to clients.’

Key clients

Altus Group (UK) Limited

ARA Europe

BDW Trading Limited

British Land

GLP, formerly Gazeley

Greystar Europe Holdings Limited

Hyundai Motors UK Limited


Taylor Wimpey

Ghelamco Group

Pinsent Masons LLP

Pinsent Masons LLP acts for a range of prominent property developers, housebuilders and investors on a variety of high-profile development and infrastructure projects, with a particular focus on rights of light, investments, trial work and energy-related property disputes. Practice head Melissa Thompson advises on all areas of property litigation and has significant expertise in development disputes, and landlord and tenant matters. Richard Bartle, noted as a 'star of the real estate field at the top of his game' handles property litigation in the energy, infrastructure and advanced technologies sector.

Practice head(s):

Melissa Thompson

Other key lawyers:

Richard Bartle; Joseph Parnis


‘Excellent knowledge of the subject matter and fantastic ability to present complex legal issues in a succinct digestible manner.’

‘Extremely personably, highly knowledgeable and every accommodating. Joe Parnis in particular has incredible attention-to-detail and is fantastic with clients.’

‘Experienced, responsive, easy to deal with with wide sector/market knowledge, commerciality and perspective of the bigger picture.’

Key clients

Royal London

Grosvenor Estates

Oracle Corporation

The Portman Estate

Land Securities





Berkeley Homes

Grainger Plc

Oaktree Properties

University College London Hospitals Charity

Nuclear Decommissioning Authority / Nuclear Waste Services

United Utilities Plc

Hotel Management International Limited

Sara & Hossein Asset Holdings Ltd

London Borough of Waltham Forest

Hampshire Pension Fund

Telereal Trillium

Work highlights

  • Acting for Sara & Hossein Asset Holdings Limited, the successful respondent, in an appeal to the Supreme Court by Blacks Outdoor Retail Ltd.
  • Acting for a charity in its claim against Camden Council regarding the enforceability of provisions in a 2004 section 106 agreement, which, if enforceable, impede the delivery of a housing development by the charity on the wider hospital estate.
  • Acting for Royal London in its High Court (Chancery Division) cross-border contractual claim against Green Network SPA for the sum of £2m.


Utilising the firm’s global network, the property litigation team at Dentons handles disputes for a range of national and international clients. Particular areas of expertise for the team include landlord and tenant disputes, insolvency, development disputes and rights of light matters. 'Star in his field' Bryan Johnston leads the team, specialising in business rates and the Electronic Communications code. Thomas Nolan, noted as being 'experienced beyond his years', is another key name with a strong focus on high-end residential property litigation.

Practice head(s):

Bryan Johnston

Other key lawyers:

Thomas Nolan


‘Bryan Johnston is a very well-known property litigator and one of the top ten in the country.’

‘A highly practical hands-on approach to property litigation.’

‘A strong capability across many different aspects of property litigation.’

Key clients

Sainsbury’s Supermarkets

Co-Operative Group

The Official Receiver

Taylor Wimpey

ATS Euromaster


London Borough of Southwark

Sainsbury’s Bank


Secure Income REIT

DLA Piper

DLA Piper‘s property litigation team is experienced in handling complex cross-border property disputes surrounding planning and development. 'Standout partner' Ian Brierley leads the team with decades of experience advising clients on property, planning and development matters across Europe and the US. James MacDonald-Pearce is particularly well-known for his experience handling rights of light cases.

Practice head(s):

Ian Brierley

Other key lawyers:

James MacDonald-Pearce; Carol Yuen; Gemma Read; Peter Fletcher


‘A good team with excellent real estate experience.’

‘Ian Brierley is the standout partner here. He has oodles of experience in this area and there is no problem he has not seen.’

‘Ian Brierley is an excellent partner – great at strategic thinking with really impressive technical knowledge.’

‘Peter Fletcher is a pleasure to work with. He is intelligent, diligent and good-humoured.’

‘Caroline Yuen is truly excellent. She is responsive, on top of the detail and has a great manner.’

‘Gemma Read is absolutely fantastic in every sense, all over everything and a delight to deal with.’

‘Peter Fletcher is clearly a key member of the team and someone who is all over the detail of everything he deals with.’

‘Ian Brierley runs the team very efficiently and is clearly held in very high regard by all.’

Key clients



The Pollen Estate

Far East Consortium

Formal Holdings Limited

Marriott Hotels Limited

Yianis Group

European Medicines Agency

Ocean Outdoor

Ambassador Theatre Group

Work highlights

  • Acting for the First to Third Defendants, including Far East Consortium, in high-value, complex English High Court proceedings involving claims of breach of contract, misuse of confidential information, breach of fiduciary duty, dishonest assistance, unlawful means conspiracy and procurement of breach.
  • Acting for Defendants, including an offshore company, Formal Holdings Limited and two ultra-high net worth individuals in English High Court proceedings involving allegations of fraud, conspiracy, sham and misrepresentation in relation to a £100m facility agreement.

Farrer & Co

Farrer & Co regularly handles high-profile, complex real estate disputes across a range of specialisms, particularly for charities, schools and other not-for-profit organisations. 'Top-notch lawyer' Siobhan Jones has over twenty years' experience acting for commercial and residential property owners and managers in landlord and tenant, insolvency and neighbourly disputes. Jo Ord has significant experience in dealing with real property issues like rights of way and the enforceability of covenants.

Practice head(s):

Siobhan Jones

Other key lawyers:

Jo Ord; Tom Dobson


‘The people combine a traditional focus on serving the client with sound commercial instincts.’

‘Siobhan Jones is approachable and has sound judgment; Jo Ord is a very able and efficient solicitor.’

‘The team bats above its weight in all real estate litigation. They are routinely involved in high-value, heavyweight cases with thorny legal and practical issues. They work collaboratively across all levels to achieve excellent, commercially-focused client outcomes.’

‘Tom Dobson has brilliant global vision of his cases, is clear and decisive in his advice and is a shrewd tactician.’

‘Siobhan Jones is excellent – patient, calm, and inspiring. She has very good client-handling skills as well as being a top-notch lawyer.’

‘Proactive, robust and most of all sensible and pragmatic giving great advice.’

‘Siobhan Jones is a haven of sensible and robust, pragmatic advice in the sea of chaos which always seem to be the case with property litigation’

‘Jo Ord is wonderful and has a real can-do attitude’

Key clients

Charities Property Fund

University of Oxford

Duchy of Lancaster

Duchy of Cornwall

Royal College of Surgeons

Artesian Property Partnership

BNP Paribas


Victoria & Albert Museum

Diageo Pension Trust Limited

Work highlights

  • Advised the Victoria & Albert Museum in relation to one of the world’s most significant new museum projects; V&A East will comprise two sister sites currently under construction in Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park, London.
  • Acting for Artesian Property Partnership, a major London property developer, in this ongoing dispute in the Technology and Construction Court.
  • Representing 8 Artillery Row Residents Association, which was formed in response to concerns of owners of individual flats the in this building on Artillery Row following a finding that the building’s cladding was defective.


Fieldfisher‘s practice has experience working on complex and high-profile real estate disputes in London. In particular, the team is known for its strong track record in the fields of preemptive injunctive relief and professional negligence. Antony Phillips leads the team and specialises in dilapidations and secured lending recoveries. Other key figures include Lesley Webber, who has over 40 years of experience with rent reviews.

Practice head(s):

Antony Phillips

Other key lawyers:

Lesley Webber; Faye Hyland; Jamie Mangan


‘The Fieldfisher team are responsive, knowledgeable and fully understand our business. They are on-hand to advise and act on complex matters.’

‘Faye Hyland is an exceptional lawyer and provides clear advice and support at all times. With multiple complex issues at any one time, Faye works exceptionally hard to turn things around for us at short notice and represents us exceptionally well.’

‘Lesley Webber and Jamie Mangan have provided advice on a protracted and complicated arbitration where detailed advice was required on legal issues. Their advice was provided in a clear and concise manner, with detailed answers that were supported by the requisite case law.’

‘Fieldfisher are a very friendly and practical legal firm who offer an abundance of helpful up-to-date and practical solutions to a wide-range of lease advisory issues. They provide enormous amounts of charitable advice including to the southern area arbitration and independent experts group.’

‘The standout individuals are Lesley Webber and Jamie Mangan. Both are incredible at both building friendships and providing practical solutions to quite often complex legal issues. Their no nonsense approach instills trust and often helps to quickly end disputes. They remain completely up-to-date and knowledgeable on landlord and tenant law.’

‘Jamie Mangan sourced, briefed and instructed the appropriate expert witnesses in a highly professional manner.’

‘Antony Phillips and Faye Hyland are both very bright giving clear, concise and balanced advice.’

Key clients

Reaction Engines Limited

INEOS Upstream Limited

British Pipeline Agency

Aurium Real Estate London Ultra Prime Limited

The City of London Corporation

Vastint UK B.V.

Work highlights

  • Advising Reaction Engines Limited in its claim for damages in excess of £70m against trustees of a property unit trust for damages flowing from breaches of an agreement for lease.
  • Advising City of London Corporation on the project to move the wholesale markets of Smithfield and Billingsgate to the new, co-located £100m Dagenham Dock site.
  • Acting for INEOS Shale and others in connection with the continuation of the first of its kind injunction granted against fracking protestors.

Howard Kennedy LLP

With a strong track record in court and trial work, Howard Kennedy LLP's team acts across the full spectrum of real estate disputes. In addition to residential and commercial property management, the practice handles development matters surrounding fire strategy, rights of light and restrictive covenants. 'Go-to solicitor' Amanda McNeil leads the team with a particular focus on the retail, leisure and hospitality sectors. Edward Cooper is a key name to note, as is Stephen Scott who joined the team in November 2022 from CMS.

Practice head(s):

Amanda McNeil

Other key lawyers:

Edward Cooper; Stephen Scott; Bhavini Patel; Robert Boucher


‘Howard Kennedy’s property litigation department is blessed, not only with first-class solicitors at partner level, but also with a rich seam of senior associate and director-level solicitors who provide partner-level service. Howard Kennedy are strong and comfortable in both residential and commercial sectors. The department has an impressive and loyal client base and a constant stream of high-quality work.’

‘Robert Boucher is a truly exceptional lawyer on an upward trajectory. With Robert at your back, you know the case will have been prepared to the nth degree.’

‘Bhavini Patel is an excellent solicitor with a keen eye for detail – intelligent and intuitive when it comes to strategy.’

‘The team is building a very strong reputation in building safety work, a developing, fast-growing sector following the passing of Building Safety Act 2022; it has a particular focus on acting for prominent developers and portfolio clients.’

‘Lauren Taylor is an absolute pleasure to work with. She is thorough, pragmatic and always gets the best outcome for the client.’

‘Amanda McNeil has a sharp legal brain complimented with bags of common sense and is a go-to solicitor for clients who want someone knowledgeable, practical and commercial in their approach.’

‘Howard Kennedy’s property litigation team exudes classy confidence. In real estate work, they are effectively a magic circle set.’

‘Howard Kennedy always take the trouble to understand the underlying objectives and bring both strong analytical advice and imagination to dealing with matters. They are always mindful of delivering value for money and balancing the costs of litigation against the prospect of success.’

Key clients

Freedom Sportsline (t/a Footlocker)

Live in Guardians Limited

Yodel Delivery Network Limited

Andrew & Jennifer Dell

Barrett Homes

Battersea Power Station Development Company


Dexters Estate Agency

Sloane Stanley Estates

Pure Gym Limited

Work highlights

  • Acts for Ballymore in a matter relating to the consultation with residents at its development in Embassy Gardens in Battersea.

Lewis Silkin

Lewis Silkin covers all areas of commercial and residential property litigation before all levels of court. The team acts for major corporates and high-net-worth individuals with a particular focus on dilapidations, rights of light, insolvency and development matters. Practice head Brian Kilcoyne, who is noted as ‘one of the leading property litigation solicitors in the country’, has over 30 years of experience with contractual and development disputes. ‘Top litigator’ Mario Betts handles a range of commercial landlord and tenant matters, whilst Paul Hayes has a strong track record in professional negligence.

Practice head(s):

Brian Kilcoyne

Other key lawyers:

Mario Betts; Paul Hayes


‘A small but excellent team of property litigators with especial expertise in dealing with the cross-over between insolvency and property’

‘Brian Kilcoyne is one of the leading property litigation solicitors in the country, with a huge amount of experience. He is very clever and commercially astute.’

‘Mario Betts is a really first-rate property litigation solicitor who is a complete delight to work with.’

‘Very commercially-focused, efficient and good value for money, in my view.’

‘Mario Betts is a top litigator. He is decisive, bright and very driven.’

‘Good industry knowledge, approachable and commercial’

Key clients

PizzaExpress (Restaurants) Limited

Samsung SDS Europe Limited

Medsupply International

Interpublic Group of Companies Inc.

Royal Philharmonic Orchestra

Howden Joinery Plc

Staywell Hotels

Jones Knoles Ritchie

Meyrick Estate Management Limited

HSH Property Limited

Maples Teesdale LLP

The real estate litigation team at Maples Teesdale LLP places a particular emphasis on management and development work. Rent arrears are a particular area of expertise, alongside rights of light, contested break notices, insolvency and telecoms. Dellah Gilbert is the head of the team, with a particular specialism in rights of light matters and disposals, she advises across the whole spectrum of property litigation. Rosalind Cullis advises on all aspects of commercial property litigation, particularly in matters concerning Covid.

Practice head(s):

Dellah Gilbert

Other key lawyers:

Rosalind Cullis; Claire Munn


‘A partner-led service at an affordable fee.’

‘Rosalind Cullis works hard to understand client objectives and then develop tactics to deliver.’

‘Hardworking and very accessible and attentive to the clients’ concerns.’

‘Rosalind Cullis and Claire Munn are very efficient and easy to work with, excellent for discussing tricky strategic and tactical decisions.’

Key clients


Rosedale ADL Limited


CLS Holdings

Workspace plc

Columbia Threadneedle Investments

Legal & General

Work highlights

  • Defending the client as tenant/guarantor in respect of numerous claims for rent arrears falling due during the pandemic and period of enforced business closures.
  • Acted for the landlord in debt proceedings brought against a tenant of an office block for arrears in excess of £300k following the tenant’s failure to comply with break conditions.
  • Provided advice to CBRE IM for a number of years and currently advise them in relation to five of their shopping centres.

Russell-Cooke LLP

Russell-Cooke LLP‘s property litigation practice is split into two teams, being the property and housing litigation team, and the enfranchisement team. Together, the teams have a strong track record in commercial property litigation for a client base of major market players. This includes in matters concerning telecoms, building safety and real property. Practice head Jason Hunter advises on landlord and tenant law, as well as disputes surrounding party walls, trespass and rights of way. Paul Greatholder regularly handles property litigation for businesses, individuals and charities.

Practice head(s):

Jason Hunter

Other key lawyers:

Paul Greatholder; Ed Cracknell; Stephen Small; Shabnam Ali-Khan; Pauline Lam


‘Pauline Lam is an excellent trial lawyer – she is on top of every detail of a case. Exactly the type of solicitor you want to be fighting for you.’

‘They always tailor their advice with the specific issues taking into account the client and their needs.’

‘Jason Hunter gives excellent strategic advice and overview.’

‘They deal with any and every problem, ranging from individual disputes over fences to huge commercial claims. Deeply impressive all round, with a cast of very talented people.’

‘Paul Greatholder and Ed Cracknell are a huge boon to any team – talented, bright and resourceful.’

‘They go above and beyond what is required, have teams which cover all legal matters and provide seminars and networking opportunities; they facilitate a network for different sectors within organisations for support.’

‘They are happy to discuss matters prior to instruction.’

‘They provide thorough and considered advice. Confident that even when matters are not live, they are thinking of us.’

Key clients

Pret a Manger

Grainger Plc


Ilchester Estate


Edward Gostling Foundation

Borough Market

Get Living

Alexander Devine Children’s Cancer Trust

Lok ‘N Store

Work highlights

  • Acted in a High Court injunction and damages claim to protect a right to light relating to a prime central London building.
  • Successfully obtained injunction and damages for owners of Grade II listed parks and gardens in the West Country in a trespass and boundary dispute together with an indemnity costs order against the opponents.
  • Continuing to act for the beneficiary of a restrictive covenant following very substantial high-profile litigation including recovery of further damages arising from the resolution of a satellite claim.

Stephenson Harwood

Stephenson Harwood offers a ‘committed, efficient service’ for clients involved in any aspect of property litigation. The team is led by Andrew Myers, who is regarded as 'one of the best in the business' and has decades of experience supporting clients with dilapidation claims, tenant insolvency, restrictive covenants and vacant possession strategies. Sophie Schultz acts on some of the largest professional negligence claims in the market, while also specialising in rights of light and development matters. Andrew Bambury is another key name, regularly advising on lease renewals, dilapidations and enfranchisement matters.

Practice head(s):

Andrew Myers

Other key lawyers:

Sophie Schultz; Andrew Bambury


‘Sophie Schultz has been able to give clear and pragmatic advice on all aspects of our dispute so that they can easily be understood by individuals not accustomed to dealing with lawyers in a protracted dispute.’

‘The team are experts in their field with readily available knowledge. Sophie Schultz and Andrew Bambury were excellent in their approach to a sensitive subject and provided calm and reasoned reassurance throughout the workstream to a good conclusion.’

‘Sophie Schultz and Andrew Bambury are a great team and provided clear effective advice on a complex legal matter for us.’

‘Andrew Bambury is an absolute pleasure to deal with. Not unnecessarily combative but assertive when necessary. Clear, pragmatic and sensible advice is provided in a timely manner and on budget.’

‘Andrew Myers is one of the best in the business: super bright, resourceful and experienced.’

‘This team packs a punch. They only have quality lawyers; each and every one of them has star quality. I know for a fact that the reputation of Andrew Myers precedes him and a receipt of a letter with his name on it leaves the other side with a sense of foreboding.’

‘Stephenson Harwood are strong players in this field, offering clients a committed, efficient service with all-round legal expertise.’

‘Andrew Myers leads the property litigation team. He brings years of experience and an ability to approach cases from every angle.’

Key clients

Schroders Capital UK Real Estate Fund and Schroder Real Estate Investment Trust

HSBC Bank Pension Trust (UK) Limited

Langham Estate

Mercia Real Estate

Natwest Pension Trustee Limited

Lothbury Property Trust Company Limited


Capital Industrial LLP

Westbrook Partners

Longmead Capital

London Metric plc

Firethorn Trust

Taylor Wessing LLP

Taylor Wessing LLP advises a number of major institutional, residential and private clients on a broad-range of matters including rights of light, dilapidation, service charges and injunctions. Team head and 'star partner' Saleem Fazal splits his time between London and Liverpool, advising clients on rent reviews, vacant possession strategy and dilapidations. The ‘practical and reliable’ Stephen Burke specialises in lease renewals, and recovery of rent and break notices, whilst the 'top-notch' Alicia Convery handles lease renewals and rights of light issues.

Practice head(s):

Saleem Fazal

Other key lawyers:

Stephen Burke; Alicia Convery; Emma Archer


‘Stephen Burke responds quickly and efficiently to requests – he listens to our concerns and has become a key member of our team. He is practical and reliable.’

‘Stephen Burke has a very pragmatic approach.’

‘Alicia Convery is top-notch. I am super impressed with her knowledge and litigation skills – she is a pleasure to work with and really bright.’

‘Taylor Wessing operates as a team, which is always a pleasure. The individuals know their brief well, and are happy to work together in an effective manner.’

‘Saleem Fazal has excellent legal knowledge combined with the ability to lead both the client and the internal team. A pleasure to work with.’

‘Highly organised and on top of the detail – everything is at their fingertips as and when we need it.’

‘A very good team exuding confidence.’

‘Saleem Fazal is the star partner here. Easy to deal with, thoughtful and great intellectual skills.’

Key clients

Teesworks Limited

Aik Immobilien-Investmentgesellschaft mbH


Canada Life

Kessler Group


Boggi (UK) Limited


County Hall Freehold Limited

Ceil Capital

Mundy Estates

Work highlights

  • Advising Teeswork Limited in connection with its interests in the former Steelworks site in Teesside stretching to some 2600 acres and which represents one of the largest brownfield development sites in Europe.
  • Advising Immobilien-Investmentgesellschaft on obtaining possession of the premises where their tenant fell into insolvency and a sublicensee claimed security of tenure and relief from forfeiture; an order for possession was obtained, along with judgment for damages and costs of over £2m.
  • Advising Blackstone on contentious issues arising from its real estate portfolio at St Katherine Docks, London and the Colmore Building, Birmingham, included advising on the impact of COVID-19 and the Commercial Rent (Coronavirus) Act, dilapidations and tenant covenant compliance.

Trowers & Hamlins LLP

The property litigation team at Trowers & Hamlins LLP advises on a wide array of disputes. The main areas of focus for the firm are development, commercial property institutional investment, residential leasehold management and enfranchisement. Nicholas Levy leads the practice, specialising in handling disputes relating to the acquisition, management and disposal of real estate. Paul Marco handles disputes concerning vacant possession strategies and service charge issues, whilst Douglas Rhodes leads the landlord and tenant practice. 'Standout individual' Rachel Kerr is another key name, acting on high-profile rights of light matters.

Practice head(s):

Nicholas Levy

Other key lawyers:

Paul Marco; Douglas Rhodes; Rachel Kerr


‘A really good real estate litigation team who pride themselves in given considered thought to the problems that arise and are not afraid to take tough decisions when required.’

‘Rachel Kerr is the standout individual – she has a bright manner, steely resolve and excellent analytical ability.’

Key clients

AmTrust International Underwriters Designated Activity Company

Broadside Holdings Limited

Pinnacle University Properties Limited and Crescent Moon Properties Limited

Work highlights

  • Acting for a title indemnity insurer in high-profile rights of light litigation, proceeding in the High Court.
  • Advising Broadside Holdings in relation to its development aspirations following its acquisition of a shopping centre in Bristol.
  • Acting in a High Court claim for the return of a deposit following the termination of agreements for lease in a failed property development scheme in Liverpool, in which our clients had contracted to purchase 38 apartments.

Wedlake Bell LLP

Wedlake Bell LLP works for a broad-range of landlords, occupiers, developers and receivers on all manner of real estate litigation, particularly within the retail, development and religious sectors. Areas of expertise for the firm include dilapidations, forfeiture and possession claims, service charge disputes and overage payments. Department head and ‘exceptional property litigator’ Adam Colenso specialises in landlord and tenant litigation, as well as disputes concerning land development. Jonathan Hibberts is experienced in dealing with lease renewals, disrepair and termination disputes for both landlords and tenants.

Practice head(s):

Adam Colenso

Other key lawyers:

Jonathan Hibberts; Rachel Fitzgerald


‘Consistently offer excellent, clear, commercial advice with strength and depth in the team.’

‘Adam Colenso is personable and understands the issues.’

‘Adam Colenso is an exceptional property litigator. He is immensely knowledgeable about the law; he is a pleasure to work with; and he runs cases with great proficiency and intelligence.’

‘An experienced team with a good base of knowledge across the whole range of property litigation from residential to commercial disputes.’

‘Jonathan Hibberts gets stuck into the detail and provides an extremely effective service, balancing the legal position perfectly against the clients’ commercial objectives. He is particularly effective in disputes over developments and complex land agreements.’

‘Adam Colenso and Rachel Fitzgerald provide top-quality advice and representation in the most complex property disputes. They are approachable, easy to deal with and go the extra mile for their clients. They are a pleasure to work with – always on the look out for the best solution for clients in both disputes and mediations.’

Key clients

Fuller Smith & Turner PLC

Care UK

Robert Dyas


CALA Homes

Hugo Boss

Devonshire Metro Limited


London City Mission

London Diocesan Fund

Welby Group

Work highlights

  • Advising Dragon Investment Management Limited on a dispute against the developer and NHBC over the contracts for the construction and purchase of a large block of flats in London which is subject to a significant number of defects.
  • Advising our client on a dispute over the lease obligations in respect of two leases of one of the largest UK professional services firm’s headquarter buildings – which has an annual rent of over £10m per annum.
  • Advising a property developer company in relation to the development of a large site in the Holborn area which currently has four telecom operators with lease and code rights on the roof. in relation to the termination of the leases and the code rights.

Winckworth Sherwood LLP

Winckworth Sherwood LLP is best known for its experience with development risk and disputes, as well as property asset management. The team is also active on a number of rights of light matters, as well as disputes concerning building safety and cladding issues. The ‘very experienced’ Emma Chadwick leads both the property litigation team and the firm’s wider litigation department, specialising in land, development and commercial and residential lease disputes in particular. Paul Dunbar has over 20 years of experience handling landlord and tenant work, whilst Tim Fogarty focuses on rights of light and neighbourly matters.

Practice head(s):

Emma Chadwick

Other key lawyers:

Paul Dunbar; Tim Fogarty; Charlotte Coleman


‘The team has great strength-in-depth across all sectors of its real estate disputes practice. Top-quality work at a very reasonable rate.’

‘Emma Chadwick is a combination of steely intellect, sound tactics and great empathy.’

‘A top-quality property litigation team led by the very experienced Emma Chadwick.’

‘Emma Chadwick is delightful to work with and hugely experienced and knowledgeable; Charlotte Coleman is a very experienced senior associate’

‘Charlotte Coleman is brilliant. A real star. Trustworthy, resilient, a fighter. The ideal solicitor.’

‘The team is not only really proactive but they also have a great tactical sense.’

Key clients

Canary Wharf Group


Network Homes

Berkeley Group


Notting Hill Genesis

Greenwich Hospital


Crest Nicholson

London Diocesan Fund

Work highlights

  • Defended Shepherds Bush Housing Association in respect of a claim by its tenant, Stonecrest Marble Limited, for damages in the region of £500k.
  • Acting for the Canary Wharf Group in a first tier tribunal application regarding dispensation from consultation under the Landlord and Tenant Act 1985 in respect of the variation of a Residential Services Agreement for the provision of a premium Health Club.

Boodle Hatfield LLP

Boodle Hatfield LLP works with a diverse roster of major estates, property management companies, and private individuals, who turn to the team for its capabilities in all manner of high-value disputes. The practice is headed up by Colin Young, an experienced litigator whose regular workload spans breach of covenant issues, damages claims, and disputes arising from sale processes, among other matters. Kellie Jones is another seasoned contentious partner with expertise in both commericial and residential property disputes, appearing before the High Court and the Court Appeal.

Practice head(s):

Colin Young

Other key lawyers:

Kellie Jones

Clifford Chance LLP

Clifford Chance LLP is experienced in handling property disputes at all levels of court. Key areas of expertise for the team are contract disputes, professional negligence, covenant disputes, insolvency and property finance-related litigation. The team is led by the 'outstanding' Ben Hatton, who specialises in development issues such as rent reviews, rights of light and professional negligence. Jane O’Leary specialises in insolvency disputes for real estate clients.

Practice head(s):

Ben Hatton

Other key lawyers:

Jane O’Leary


‘Ben Hatton is outstanding. Not only extremely bright, but highly experienced in property litigation.’

‘The team are capable of dealing with the largest property disputes, and are particularly good at dealing with issues which cross departmental lines, where they can call on their huge resource of expertise.’

‘Ben Hatton is a friendly and enthusiastic leader of the team. Incredibly hardworking, he leaves no stone unturned in pursuit of his clients’ interests.’

Key clients

Bank of America

Canary Wharf Group plc

(Official Receiver of) British Steel

(Official Receiver of) Cardwool Limited

American International Group

Angelo Gordon

Asphaltic Land Limited

Colony Capital

Elliott Management Corporation

Flatfair Limited

General Electric International

GIC Private Limited

Goldman Sachs

Heimstaden Bostad AB


Hondo Enterprises

Horizon Nuclear Power Wylfa Limited

King Abdallah District Management & Development Company

Mitsubishi Estate London Limited

Native Land

Network Rail Infrastructure Limited

Nuveen Real Estate

Wells Fargo Bank

Zetland Capital Investors LLP

Work highlights

  • Acting for Horizon Nuclear Power (a subsidiary of Hitachi Ltd), a UK energy company developing a new generation of nuclear power stations.
  • Acted for Mitsubishi Estate London Limited in relation to its redevelopment of Warwick Court in the heart of London in order to commence the redevelopment by obtaining vacant possession of the premises, which constituted several floors of office space, a gym, and two restaurants.
  • Advising longstanding client Canary Wharf Group plc on the development of the Canary Wharf Estate and issues arising with its tenants.


Cripps works for some of the largest property investors and occupiers in the country, acting as the go-to firm for leasehold enfranchisement issues and other disputes in the residential, retail and leisure sectors. 'Master of her field' Laura Southgate leads the team, specialising in all aspects of commercial and residential landlord and tenant disputes. Kerry Glanville is known for her work concerning enfranchisement disputes in the residential sector. Elena Chrysostomou has particular expertise supporting high-net-worth individuals with party wall disputes.

Practice head(s):

Laura Southgate

Other key lawyers:

Kerry Glanville; Lesley Robinson; Elena Chrysostomou


‘Lots of very good lawyers working together to make a good real estate team.’

‘A sophisticated, specialist team and good designation of responsibilities.’

‘Elena Chrysostomou is pragmatic, experienced and shows good client care.’

‘Experts in their field providing incisive and effective advice.’

‘Laura is a thoughtful master of her field and uses her knowledge effectively in the best interests of her clients.’

‘We were very impressed with the determination, dedication and originality shown by Elena Chrysostomou throughout the matter she acted for us on.’

Key clients


The Portman Estate


Sloane Stanley Estate


The John Lyon’s Charity

M&G Real Estate (Prudential Assurance Company)

The Crown Estate

Federated Hermes

The Eyre Estate

Work highlights

  • Advised numerous London Estates with Company Voluntary Arrangements and insolvency processes for household name retailers, negotiating rent concessions during the pandemic and recovery of rent from commercial tenants.
  • Acting on a multi-million-pound right to light claim relating to a major development in the heart of London.
  • Advised on a dispute between freeholder and the recognised residents’ association representing long leaseholders concerning the management of a mixed-use building in west London.

Davitt Jones Bould

Davitt Jones Bould is best known for advising local councils in litigation matters surrounding locally and nationally significant projects, including such national landmarks as St. James’ Park and Hyde Park. Maeve Bonner advises clients on the full-range of property issues, including disposals, contentious break notices and dilapidations. Jonathan Warner-Reed is frequently involved in prominent cases concerning rights of light, adverse possession and judicial review. Peter Allinson and Madeleine Davitt, who work across the firm's national offices, are at the helm of the offering.

Practice head(s):

Peter Allinson; Madeleine Davitt

Other key lawyers:

Maeve Bonner; Jonathan Warner-Reed


‘DJB are one of the finest real estate companies in the country.’

‘This is a highly responsive team with real commitment to their clients’ cases.’

‘Jonathan Warner-Reed is the standout individual: level-headed, infinitely patient and capable of managing the most demanding of clients.’

Key clients

The Royal Parks

North Somerset Council

Rick Steins

National Highways

Surrey County Council

Woking Borough Council

Brighton and Hove City Council

Habitat for Humanity

Office for National Statistics

Bath and North East Somerset Council

Runnymede Borough Council

Wiltshire Council

Department of Heath and Social Care

Chichester District Council

Natural England

Work highlights

  • Advising The Royal Parks on all their property litigation cases arising out of the landmarks, including Hyde Park, St James’s Park, Kensington Gardens, Regents Park and Green Park.
  • Successfully defeated a judicial review challenge in the High Court against North Somerset Council’s development of a special needs school for profoundly disabled children.
  • Advised National Highways on over 50 property litigation cases last year.

Edwin Coe LLP

Edwin Coe LLP regularly handles cases in the High Court and the Court of Appeal while also offering advice to a wide-range of landlords, tenants and developers. The team works across the full spectrum of property litigation, with particular experience in joint venture disputes, professional negligence and issues stemming from the Building Safety Act. Practice head Joanna Osborne ‘leads the team brilliantly’ and has particular experience in joint venture and conveyancing issues.

Practice head(s):

Joanna Osborne

Other key lawyers:

Shams Rahman; Katherine Simpson; Eleanor Stark; Nida Khan; Emma Gregory; John Quinlan


‘The Edwin Coe team is well-equipped to deal with a wide-range of issues, with an in-depth knowledge of complex real estate. They are forward-thinking but also remain very personable, with client care paramount.’

‘Joanna Osborne leads the team brilliantly. She is highly experienced and is always looking for innovative solutions to complex issues that would stump mere mortals. Shams Rahman, Eleanor Stark, Nida Khan and Emma Gregory are a pleasure to deal with, very responsive and very client-focused.’

‘In the service we received, everything was spot-on – more a 7-star than a 5-star service from the property litigation team.’

‘Joanna Osborne is very experienced, client-friendly.’

‘Joanna Osborne is passionate, persuasive and 110% committed to her clients.’

‘Edwin Coe have a number of very intelligent lawyers who are given the time to concentrate fully on a particular client’s matter. They get good results.’

‘Nida Khan deals well with clients.’

‘Eleanor Stark is a powerhouse. She is incredibly efficient and manages the stress of litigation with a smile. John Quinlan is a very talented associate with a eye for detail.’

Key clients

Duchess of Bedford RTM Company Limited

Lush Retail Limited

Connie Investments Ltd

Earlyglobal Limited trading as the 151 Club

Work highlights

  • Advised Lush Retail Limited, Lush Limited and Lush Manufacturing Limited over the years on all property litigation matters
  • Act for 4 members of a family and their family companies, who have owned and developed property in the Kent area since the 1980s.
  • Advised and conducted litigation on behalf of Earlyglobal Limited, the corporate entity which is the proprietor of the legendary 151 Club on the Kings Road in Chelsea, London.

Fladgate LLP

Fladgate LLP‘s real estate litigation team advises on a wide-range of matters in the sector, including those surrounding commercial landlord and tenant issues, development disputes, corporate real estate disputes and insolvencies. Adam Gross leads the team, frequently handling development issues surrounding restrictive covenants, rights of light and joint ventures. Janet Keeley is experienced in settling disputes through court claims, arbitration and expert determination. The ‘unflappable’ Michael Metliss joined the team from Bryan Cave Leighton Paisner in October 2022, following Alison Mould‘s September 2022 retirement.

Practice head(s):

Adam Gross

Other key lawyers:

Janet Keeley; Michael Metliss; Kay Cartwright; Armel Elaudis


‘Armel Elaudis is great and very responsive. She has a great ability to explain and thus simplify otherwise complex matters. I can rely on Armel and this is a huge benefit when then allowing my company to strategize and execute business plans. Armel is always balanced and can take on board our thoughts.’

‘They have a very extensive and experienced team, bringing effortless wisdom to bear.’

‘Michael Metliss in particular is a smooth operator, bringing years of experience in dealing with London’s largest estates over many years to assist with the many problems that arise. Michael has seen it all and done it all in his customary unflappable style.’

Key clients

Whiteclub Limited (t/a Chinawhite)

Sankey Holding Ltd. (part of the Moveero Group)

Bank of Singapore

Optek Limited

Work highlights

  • Advised Whiteclub Limited successfully in connection with a dispute with its landlord, a prominent institutional landlord with an extremely extensive property portfolio in the West End of the city.
  • Acted for Sankey Holding Ltd., part of the Moveero Group, a global leader in the manufacture of off-highway wheels, in connection with a dispute with the new landlord of a 713,000 sq. ft. industrial facility in Telford.
  • Advised the Bank of Singapore as regards seeking possession of a property and money judgement.

Glovers Solicitors LLP

Covering both residential and commercial work, Glovers Solicitors LLP is known for its work in the hospitality and leisure sector, as well as in disputes relating to property finance and insolvency. Kenny Friday, noted as being ‘at the top of his game’ leads the team with extensive knowledge of professional negligence, insolvency and commercial litigation matters. Friday co-leads the team with Paul Dench who specialises in forfeiture, lease renewal and boundary issues.

Practice head(s):

Kenny Friday; Paul Dench


‘A tight-knit firm of real property specialists with a really efficient client handling service.’

‘Great collaboration over contentious correspondence and emergency work with a really effective handling of electronic documentation. Fast pickup of gaps in the evidence by research with the land registry and other sources. A real ability to add value by seeing the wood for the trees in matters with a convoluted or complex background.’

‘Paul Dench is a specialist with real breadth of experience. He is very reasonable in his approach,  easy to talk to and a writer of very potent letters. Quick to pick up the essentials and find the killer points.’

‘Glovers has extensive specialist property experience and in progressing property transactions for banks’.

‘Kenny Friday is highly efficient with an ability for rapid turnaround.’

‘Kenny Friday is at the top of his game.’

Key clients

Zizzi Restaurants Limited

Coco di Mama Limited

Prezzo Trading Limited

Nando’s Chickenland Limited

Wagamama Limited

McMullen & Sons Limited

Everyman Media Limited

Oaxaca Limited (t/a Wahaca)

Dishoom Limited

Flat Iron Steak Limited

Bayley & Sage Limited

Deep Blue Restaurants Limited

Italian Bear Chocolate Limited

Miscusi UK Limited

Cove Construction Limited

The Adventure Bar Group

The London Cocktail Club Limited

Superbowl UK Group

State of Play Hospitality Group

Investec Bank Plc

United Trust Bank Limited

Hampshire Trust Bank plc

Close Brothers Limited

Strata Residential Finance plc

Shawbrook Bank Limited

Work highlights

  • Acted as principal property litigation advisers to several leading restaurant operators including ASK Italian, Zizzi, Prezzo, Nando’s, and Wagamama across a diverse range of property matters affecting their extensive estate portfolios.
  • Acting as property litigation advisers to several lenders including Investec, Close Brothers, Hampshire Trust Bank, United Trust Bank and various insolvency practitioners concerning different property-related matters, including the enforcement of mortgages and other security, professional negligence disputes and insolvency options.
  • Acting as property litigation advisers to corporate occupiers in negotiations with landlords concerning rent and service charge arrears payable during the Covid period, including acting for Superbowl UK and The State of Play Hospitality Group in the statutory arbitration process as set out in the Commercial Rent (Coronavirus) Act 2022.

Hamlins LLP

Hamlins LLP supports a wide-range of clients including property managers, investors, residential leaseholders and commercial landlords and tenants. The team is led by Kate Andrews, who has considerable experience handling leasehold covenants, dilapidations, service charges and rent reviews, alongside other landlord and tenant issues. Andrews is supported by 'truly excellent solicitor' Sarah Finch, a specialist in commercial property disputes arising from issues in blocks of flats.

Practice head(s):

Kate Andrews

Other key lawyers:

Sarah Finch; Samantha Gordon


‘Sarah Finch a tactical warrior of a litigator that you want on and by your side. Her mix of patience, tenacity and intellect make her a truly excellent solicitor.’

‘Kate Andrews is great tactician and negotiator who settles the unsettle-able, is hardworking and responsive.’

‘Sarah Finch gives clear advice which is easy for clients to understand and is also tailored to their needs. She sells her clients’ case whilst being realistic about the prospects, risks and limits of the litigation process. She excels in complex and multi-party cases as she both engages with the detail and takes a high-level view when that is in the clients’ best interests.’

‘Kate Andrews is an excellent tactician and amazing with clients; Sarah Finch is very commercial and a major industry player.’

‘Hamlins has a small but highly active and well-regarded property litigation team.’

‘Kate Andrews is one of the best and most experienced property litigation partners in the country. She is immensely business and client-focused and utterly determined to explore every avenue to achieve her clients goals.’

‘The depth of engagement and understanding of our business is noteworthy.’

‘Kate Andrews is top of her game – a fantastically assured operator who wins plaudits from everyone she comes into contact with.’

Key clients


21 Upper Brook Street Limited


78 Wigmore Street Funding Co. Limited


Abbey Commercial Ltd


Acemark Properties Limited

Allvest Company Limited

Antipodean (UK) Limited


Ashtead Estates Limited


Azure Services Ltd & Azure Resorts Ltd


Bakerloo Limited


Basura Restaurants Limited

Beavor Lane LLP


Berger Crest Investments Limited

Bikem Limited

Blenheim Estates Limited

Brindley House RTM Company Limited



Brukaros Ltd


Camberwell Developments Limited

Carlton Real Estates Developments Limited



CDR Nomineeco 1 Limited & CDR Nomineeco 2 Limited


Centrick Commercial Limited

Centrick Limited


Chas Newens Marine Co Limited

Chase Metal Recycling Limited

Cheshire Street Limited

Chiswick Quay Freeholds Limited

Citylake Investments Limited

Civic Centre Ltd


Clockfair Limited


Container Space Limited

Cooley (UK) LLP

Countrywide Project Management Limited







Crystal Wharf Management Company Limited

Cumberland Court Investments Ltd

Cyan Properties Limited

Daejan Investments Limited


Diamond Resorts (Europe) Limited

Dickens Heath Management Company Limited



Dovetail Clerkenwell Ltd

Drone Major Group Limited

Dudrich (Holdings) Limited

Ebury Greencrest LLP


Elstree JV LP

Englefield Estate Trust Corporation Limited



Eros Properties Limited

ES Whitefield Limited





Firgate Estates Limited




Fordale Limited

Fortnum Developments Limited

Foxtons Limited



Godwit Haven LLP

Goodpath Limited

GPEA Limited


Grainmarket Properties Ltd




Greencap Limited

Hamilton House Maintenance Limited

Hamilton House RTM Company Limited

Hampstead Residential Limited

Hartsbourne Properties Limited



Highgrade Properties Limited

Hiilife Limited






Indra Prastha Limited

Interpole Limited

Investin Properties Plc

Investin Sheldon Falmouth Developments Limited


James Taylor Homes (Kingston) Limited

Julia RE (U.K.) Limited

Kerri Barwick



L O W House, Leaseholders of Warriston House, R Collins, J Henty, E Chappell

L P C P S Painter, L Painter, C Painter, S Painter

Lackawanna Ltd

Lakewind Appartments LTD


Landmark Mortgages Ltd (LM XXXX)

Work highlights

  • Acted in and successfully settled a claim against Corum XL in relation to the specific performance of a development agreement and a counterclaim by Corum XL regarding a right of way over a parcel of the development land valued in the region of £30m; the substantive proceedings were for £6.2m.
  • Acting for a landlord client defending a claim for the service of section 146 notices on its claimant tenant of a zoo in Cumbria.
  • Advised on a claim for nuisance arising out of a defective sewer which leaked into the property of a landlord client.

Norton Rose Fulbright

Norton Rose Fulbright acts for leading investors and developers in both the local and international market on contentious aspects of their UK investments and development projects, including rights of light and security of tenure disputes. Practice head David Stevens advises clients on the full-range of property litigation matters with a particular focus on development constraints, rights of light and vacant possession strategies. He is supported by Greg Rouse.

Practice head(s):

David Stevens

Other key lawyers:

Greg Rouse


‘An international firm with the substantial resources needed for heavyweight litigation.’

‘David Stevens is a great pleasure to work with.’

‘Extremely commercial, with sound judgment and knowledge of the market and client needs.’

‘David Stevens combines wide legal knowledge with sound commercial judgement.’

‘David Stevens and Greg Rouse are efficient, courteous, have good judgement, and are a joy to work with.’

‘I have never come across another litigator with the skill of David Stevens.’

Key clients

57 Whitehall S.A.R.L.

BMO Asset Management

BMW (UK) Limited

BNP Paribas Real Estate

Canada Pension Plan Investment

Canterbury Christ Church University

Castle Exchange Building Limited

Centrica PLC

Civitas Social Housing plc

Commerz Real

ERGO Versicherung AG, UK Branch

IMI plc

Ivanhoe Cambridge/Residential Land

Olympia Limited

Purplebricks Group Plc

Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea

Schroder Real Estate

Shell UK plc

Thales Properties Limited

WELPUT (a Schroders property fund managed by BentallGreenOak)

Work highlights

  • Advising in respect of the development constraints and potentially contentious aspects of the high-profile redevelopment of the Old War office in Whitehall, including rights of light aspects.
  • Dealing with all the management work relating to this high-value portfolio of London property assets, including any disputes with tenants, rent reviews, lease renewals, break clauses, contentious consents, possession issues and any development aspects.
  • Acting for BMW in respect of 1954 Act lease renewal proceedings in relation to its flagship 70 Park Lane car salesroom premises in Mayfair, adjacent to Hyde Park.

Payne Hicks Beach LLP

The real estate litigation team at Payne Hicks Beach LLP has a strong track record acting for high-net-worth individuals in the central London residential sector. In particular, leasehold disputes are an area of expertise, alongside professional negligence and countryside issues. The ‘very experienced and accomplished’ Matthew Spring spearheads the department, specialising in leasehold enfranchisement and other landlord and tenant matters. Scott Goldstein is experienced representing noteworthy clients on both commercial and residential matters.

Practice head(s):

Matthew Spring

Other key lawyers:

Scott Goldstein


‘Matthew Spring is a very experienced and accomplished litigator who has made it his business to understand, in-depth, all the history of the litigation at the mansion block which is the subject of the litigation. This provides him with an advantage over the opposition lawyers.’

‘Matthew Spring is entirely dedicated to acheiiving the best outcome possible for his clients. He works extraordinarily hard to ensure that they receive the best possible service.’

‘Scott Goldstein handles difficult cases with ease – he addresses all angles and is assiduous and thorough in his preparation and presentation of the paperwork, enabling complicated matters to be readily digested and put forward to the client’s best advantage.’

‘The team is well-known for private client work and has a good range of resources from residential and commercial landlord and tenant work, to tax and wills work so that he can provide good all-round advice.’

‘Matthew Spring is very detail-orientated and goes the extra mile for his clients. A robust and effective litigator who deals well with challenging and demanding clients.’

‘Scott Goldstein has proved to be an excellent solicitor; tenacious yet considered and always ready to consider any angle to assist his clients.’

‘They are very tenacious and knowledgeable litigators. Their quality of work is tremendous given the size of the team, and they are able to collaborate to great effect with the exceptional family law team at the firm.’

‘Matthew Spring embodies the firm’s approach, combining tradition and modernity. He’s a punchy litigator who knows how to press his clients’ case all the way, and leaves no stone unturned and no angle unexplored.’

Key clients

Morshead Mansions Limited

K Group Holdings Inc and Park Lane Holdings Inc.

Reed Smith LLP

Reed Smith LLP‘s team has a strong track record for dealing with significant and complex litigation across a range of issues. Focus areas for the firm include regulatory matters, asset recovery and disputes involving fraud. Insolvency is another area of expertise. Katherine Campbell leads the team and is ‘extremely knowledgeable’ in landlord and tenant issues, conveyancing disputes and nuisance claims. She is supported by Brad Trerise, who also handles dilapidations and commercial lease matters.

Practice head(s):

Katherine Campbell

Other key lawyers:

Brad Trerise


‘Very quick to pick up the gist of problem with very good telephone manners. I could place infinite confidence in them in their understanding of why we need their help.’

‘Brad Trerise is always available and provides a clear understanding of the road ahead and possible routes to take.’

‘Katherine Campbell is extremely knowledgeable and brings a quiet, often underestimated steel and wisdom to the complexities of litigation. Her insights are incisive and always right.’

Ronald Fletcher Baker LLP

The property litigation team at Ronald Fletcher Baker LLP acts for a diverse range of domestic and international clients on disputes surrounding construction, rights of light and enfranchisement. Commercial redevelopment and insolvency are also key areas of focus for the practice. David Burns co-leads the team alongside Rudi Ramdarshan who has a particular specialism in development and lease renewal proceedings, often acting against prime retail companies; both are regarded as 'standout lawyers'Victoria Huxley handles disputes concerning lease renewals, land options and telecoms.

Practice head(s):

Rudi Ramdarshan; David Burns

Other key lawyers:

Victoria Huxley; Jonathan Chan; Ben Frost; Marissa Lawrence


‘In respect of property litigation, David Burns is a specialist in lease extensions, enfranchisement and right to manage disputes. Rudi Ramdarshan is a leading name in executing vacant possession strategies, Victoria Huxley knows how to handle high value residential tenancies, including right of first refusals and Ben Frost has good reputation in lease extensions.’

‘Very capable, knowledgeable and enthusiastic – they go the extra mile for their clients, more so than the average firm. I enjoy working with them, as they often come up with ideas and unusual angles to a problem. They work well internally and complement counsel to bring effective representation in real estate and landlord and tenant litigation.’

‘Rudi Ramarshan is inventive and dedicated but realistic in his approach to litigation. Marissa Lawrence is robust but charming, and always looking for the best possible outcome for the client.’

‘Rudi Ramdarshan is a master tactician. His tactical mindset combined with his calm and detail-orientated approach makes him the perfect advisor. During complex and somewhat stressful litigation, Rudi provides the perfect measure of proactive offensive and risk averse defensive tactics.’

‘I have found David Burns and Jessica Holt to be extremely knowledgeable in their field. Both are very responsive and proactive. Their work has always been of an extremely high quality. Their professionalism is to be admired and it has been a pleasure to work with them.’

‘Rudi Ramdarshan and David Burns are the standout lawyers in this department. They are very commercially-minded and leave no stone unturned to get the best outcome. They respond quickly to queries and provide the relevant material without having to be asked for it. They have a great understanding of what is needed to present their clients’ cases in the best possible light.’

‘Rudi Ramdarshan is exceptional – he leaves no stone unturned and is a pragmatic, thorough and considerate lawyer who anticipates difficulties in order that they can be dealt with head-on. He is a force to be reckoned with, even when against challenging opponents.’

Key clients

PCF Bank

Glasshouse Asset Management

Dominvs Group

Al Sraiya Group Limited (Qatar)

Habib Bank AG Zurich

Cranfield Investments Limited

Drakesfield Group

Keystone Holdings Limited (Isle of Man)

ILM Capital

Comptoir Group

Bloomsbury Institute

London Stretch Ltd

Stafford Park Limited

Work highlights

  • Acting in the Supreme Court case against Lifestyle Equities, in a case concerning the liability of directors as joint tortfeasors.
  • Acting for offshore company Stafford Park Limited (Isle of Man) to recover a high-value Central London Property following dissolution of its company.
  • Acting for Glasshouse Asset Management in their vacant possession and development strategy across their £1bn portfolio of mixed-use properties located in prime London locations.

Travers Smith LLP

Travers Smith LLP is best known for its work handling development disputes, particularly those surrounding rights of light, rights of way and restrictive covenants within the retail and hospitality sectors. The team is led by Andrew Ross, who has substantial experience acting for developers, landowners and insolvency practitioners. Ross is supported by Lucy Thomas who is experienced in restrictive covenants and service charge matters.

Practice head(s):

Andrew Ross

Other key lawyers:

Lucy Thomas


‘An ability to communicate a balanced and comprehensive view on complex legal issues.’

‘The team are very personable, approachable and helpful and I trust them wholly.’

‘Great technical knowledge, commercial awareness and sensitivity to clients’ needs. Good at keeping clients informed on billing.’

‘Andrew Ross and Lucy Thomas have been commercial and impressive in providing advice on planning and property litigation matters.’

Key clients

AG Beltane

Ashby Capital

Beazley Management Limited

Clearbell Capital LLP


Liverpool Airport Limited

Lothbury Property Trust

Nomura Real Estate Development

The Royal Automobile Club

Virgin Active Limited

Burt Boulton Holdings Limited

Barwood Capital LLP

Impact Healthcare REIT plc

Work highlights

  • Acting for Lothbury Property Trust Company Limited in a claim against Aviva Insurance Limited for payment of monies under a latent defects insurance policy.
  • Acting for Virgin Active Limited in defence of a claim for possession and forfeiture of a gym following its entry into a restructuring plan under legislation introduced by the Corporate Insolvency and Governance Act 2020.
  • Acting for Westrock Limited in defending a rights of light claim issued at an advanced stage of a development project.

Wallace LLP

Wallace LLP supports clients on all aspects of landlord and tenant disputes and leasehold enfranchisement matters. This includes forfeitures, dilapidations and telecoms. Meera Patel leads the property litigation team, acting primarily for high-profile landlords on lease renewals, forfeitures and tenant insolvencies. Samantha Bone leads the leasehold enfranchisement sub-team, frequently handling complex disputes in the sector. The 'massively experienced and knowledgeable' Simon Serota is another key name, who handles landlord and tenant disputes and breaches of covenant matters in particular.

Practice head(s):

Samantha Bone; Meera Patel

Other key lawyers:

Simon Serota; Elizabeth Asher


‘Able to handle the biggest and most complex cases.’

‘Simon Serota is just massively experienced and knowledgeable.’

‘Elizabeth Asher deals coolly and effectively with tough fights.’

‘The team has excellent knowledge of sector.’

‘Responsive, knowledgeable and responsive.’

Key clients

Buckford Estates Limited

Treeview Trading Limited

Stoll Construction Limited

Faroncell Limited

Martin’s Properties Limited


Henry Schein UK Holdings

Dolphin Square Operator Limited

Tottenham Hotspur Football Club

Harry Ramsdens Limited

Soho Estates Limited

Work highlights

  • Successfully obtained an order for costs against the landlord pursuant to the provision of Rule 13 of the Tribunal Procedure Rules 2013 for acting unreasonably by maintaining ‘spurious’ objections to a Claim Notice which lacked basis in fact.
  • Successfully acting on behalf of The Freshwater Group on more than of 350 cases annually, where the team is instructed to act for various Freshwater Group companies in respect of all aspects of leasehold enfranchisement.
  • Successfully obtained a cost determination from the first-tier tribunal in relation to recoverable statutory costs pursuant to s60 of the Leasehold Reform, Housing & Urban Development Act 1993.

Anthony Gold Solicitors LLP

Anthony Gold Solicitors LLP has a strong track record handling disputes in the residential sector on behalf of both landlords and tenants. The team is frequently involved in high-profile disputes concerning disrepair and safety, as well as possession claims, breaches of contract and boundary disputes. As team leader, Andrew Brookes has almost 30 years of experience acting for tenants and leaseholders, having previously represented survivors of the Grenfell Tower fire. Giles Peaker has acted for leaseholders in building defect and cladding issue-related work. Sarah Cummins and Robin Stewart are also key names.

Practice head(s):

Andrew Brookes

Other key lawyers:

Giles Peaker; Sarah Cummins; Robin Stewart


‘Giles Peaker is knowledgeable, competent and professional.’

‘Anthony Gold have strong expertise and act in the best interests of the client.’

‘Robin Stewart is on the ball on the law, taking on leading landlord and tenant cases to upper courts.’

‘Anthony Gold have got an excellent collection of residential landlord and tenant lawyers who are very good at what they do and offer the full-range of services to landlord and tenants.’

‘Giles Peaker is one of the leading landlord and tenant solicitors out there. He knows more about his area than probably anyone else in the market.’

‘Sarah Cummins is an excellent solicitor. She is great with clients and I find her a pleasure to work with.’

‘Consistent level of service and response across all individuals we deal with.’

Key clients

Safer Renting

Trecarrell House Limited


Simpson House 3

University of London

Lowe Guardians

Tenants of Clare House

Leaseholders of Arch Street

Tenants and Leaseholders of the Paragon

Work highlights

  • Acted for Safer Renting CIC on intervention in the Supreme Court in Rakusen v Jepson, arguing the public policy point of Rent Repayment Orders under Housing and Planning Act 2016.
  • Acted for Trecarrell House Limited in the Court of Appeal in the leading case on gas safety certificates and section 21 notices, a matter is widespread interest in the residential rented sector.
  • Advised the University of London in relation to its accommodation for students, and provided advice and training on property disputes to advisers in the University’s housing services advice team

BDB Pitmans

The real estate litigation team at BDB Pitmans is experienced handling high-end residential property disputes and works closely with the firm’s commercial property department, as well as the planning, infrastructure and public law department. Simon Painter leads the team with experience in both commercial and residential property disputes, including insolvency matters and leasehold enfranchisement litigation. He is supported by Aoife Murphy who regularly handles breach of covenant and disrepair claims.

Practice head(s):

Simon Painter

Other key lawyers:

Andrew Couch; Aoife Murphy; Clara Clint


‘Very knowledgeable and happy to help many types of legal matters relating to corporate property.’

‘Top flight and highly regarded with a long pedigree of experience in this field.’

‘Simon Painter is a brilliant, understated professional with an unassuming manner that hides great experience and insight. A great team player and conspicuous in his fair treatment of colleagues and team members and his support for everyone within the professional team.’

Key clients

Clarion Housing Group Limited

The Ministry of Defence

Fred Perry Limited

Able Humber Ports Limited

Smurfit Kappa UK Companies in England and Wales

The National Grid

City & Country Group Plc

Bank of Ireland

Peel Holdings Ltd / The Manchester Ship Canal Company Ltd

Kurt Geiger

Burges Salmon LLP

With 'fantastic knowledge and strategic thinking', Burges Salmon LLP is a strong choice for a host of major public and private sector clients, who turn to the team for its wide-ranging capabilities across commercial and residential property litigation. Practice head James Sutherland is a key contact for some of the firm's most high profile clients - from investment banks to utilities providers - with recent engagements including arbitration proceedings and disputes concerning cladding. Chris Preston is particularly noted for his experience with developer and retail clients, as well as local authorities in London and beyond. Other names to note include Sarah Taylor, who clients regard as 'a good negotiator' with a 'very good understanding of client's needs.' All named lawyers work between the firm's offices in London and Bristol.


Practice head(s):

James Sutherland

Other key lawyers:

Chris Preston; Rob Bailey; Sarah Taylor; Penny Shannon


‘Rob Bailey and Emily Geens are both deserving of special mention for their intellect and approachability’

‘Very well-established with a very strong body of senior experience. The quality of legal advice and efficiency is always exceptionally high throughout the team. I would confidently rate them as excellent.’

‘James Sutherland is extremely dedicated and gives a top quality service. Chris Preston is an excellent lawyer – commercially, intellectually and practically. Rob Bailey is so dedicated and hard working, a delight to work with and really good. Sarah Taylor is hard working and lovely to work with. Penny Shannon is very professional and a talented lawyer.’

‘Fantastic knowledge and strategic thinking. Huge confidence that all bases are covered.’

‘Very helpful, constructive team with deep market knowledge and practical advice. Billing visibility is excellent and has a good price-performance ratio. We are always happy to collaborate with the team.’

‘Sarah Taylor is an excellent lawyer with very good understanding of client’s needs. She is a good negotiator and extensively helped us to resolve a real estate related dispute. We would always happily work with her again.’

Key clients

Transport for London

John Lewis Partnership

The Crown Estate

Greater London Authority

Virgin Management

Transport for Wales

St James’s Place Wealth Management

Hewlett Packard


St Modwen

Rail Delivery Group

Church Commissioners

Historic England

English Heritage

Competition and Markets Authority

HM Revenue and Customs

Ordinance Survey

Financial Conduct Authority

Ministry of Defence/Defence Infrastructure Organisation

Office for Students

Severn Trent Water

South West Water

Affinity Water


Harbour Energy

Innovation City (London) Ltd (Delancey as asset managers)


Canadian & Riverside Properties

Gravis Capital Management

Taper Building Residential Leaseholder Association

Bristol City Council

Kent County Council

East Hampshire County Council

Torbay Council

Bristol University

Teachers Building Society

FRP Advisory

Work highlights

  • Advised Wasps Rugby Club and its administrators, FRP, in relation to the administration of the club and the sale of the lease of the Coventry Stadium.
  • Advised St Modwen on contentious issues across its logistics portfolios including projects at Locking Parklands and Access 8.
  • Advised Severn Trent on numerous transactions, including on contentious Electronic Communications Code issues relating to its regulated telecoms mast portfolios and on a multi-million pound dispute brought by a developer in relation to a development site in the Midlands.

Druces LLP

Active across both residential and commercial property, Druces LLP has a particularly strong track record in landlord and tenant matters, as well as property finance disputes, business tenancy breaks and joint ventures. The team is led by Benjamin Lomer, who is experienced in business tenancy termination, dilapidation claims and rent recovery matters. Nigel Adams leads the wider dispute resolution team and regularly handles matters ranging from service charge issues to rights of light, while also being experienced in international arbitration.

Practice head(s):

Benjamin Lomer

Other key lawyers:

Nigel Adams; Neil Hayter; Richard Bailey


‘Tenacious and resourceful in negotiations, producing excellent results.’

‘Benjamin Lomer is very thorough, explores every angle to get the best result for his clients and has strong attention-to-detail.’

Key clients

Evelyn Partners (post-merger with Smith & Williamson)

Jackson Rowe Surveyors

Wharf Developments Ltd

London Trocadero LLP

Blueprint Homes Ltd

Comland Plc

Dogs Trust

Enstar Capital

Yours Clothing

Transworld Business Advisors

JT Ross Property Group

Ratcliffes Surveyors

Opus Trust Group

Work highlights

  • Acting for a nationwide retailer in connection with its extensive property portfolio and the rationalisation of that portfolio including breaking leases, re-gearing existing leases, and in assistance with negotiations on those due for renewal.
  • Acting for Blueprint Homes Limited as freeholder developer of premises in southeast London consisting of residential blocks comprising 49 residential flats together with a transformer chamber, parish hall, nursery and office in relation to fire safety issues.

Keystone Law

Keystone Law is best known for acting for major hotels dealing with acquisitions, rent reviews and construction disputes. The team also acts for corporate occupiers dealing with rent reviews, lease renewals and dilapidations. Andrew Tugwell is particularly skilled in litigation surrounding valuation and surveying issues. 'Lighthouse in the storm' Ed John is experienced in dealing with developers in matters concerning building defects in the hotel and hospitality industries.

Other key lawyers:

Andrew Tugwell; Chris Hill; Greg Barnbrook; Ed John; Louise Elms


‘The practice provides excellent value for the service provided.’

‘A modern firm with some very good individuals who are given free reign to develop their client base without the constraints of a traditional firm.’

‘Ed John is very good property litigator who fights tirelessly for his client.’

‘An approachable and knowledgeable team.’

‘Andrew Tugwell is calm and experienced. He is able to cut through complicated issues quickly. He is dually qualified as a solicitor and chartered surveyor, which means he has excellent knowledge and a pragmatic approach.’

‘Flourishing staff along with a very professional, calm and competent atmosphere.’

‘I found Ed to be a real lighthouse in the storm, sustaining us with confidence and good humour through a truly grim trial which we were successful in.’

‘Ed keeps his eye resolutely on the horizon and our end goal while being an absolute steely-eyed killer advocate for us.’

Key clients

Berjaya Corporation

Mohamad Eljichi

Burton & Co LLP

Bankside Open Spaces Trust

Delisa Limited

Paradigm Assets Ltd

Mortimer Park

Maritim Hotelgesellschaft mbH

Sony Music Inc



Reeds Rains

Bloomsbury Publishing plc

St James Properties

Work highlights

  • Advised, one of the UK’s largest estate agencies, in addition to the parent company LSL Property Services Limited and others, in court proceedings regarding rent liability and lease renewals.
  • Acting for Maritim Hotels, the German owner-operator of 42 large, upper-midscale hotels across Europe, Asia and Africa.
  • Acts for e.surv, one of the UK’s largest chartered surveying businesses, carrying out surveys and valuations nationwide.

Penningtons Manches Cooper LLP

Penningtons Manches Cooper LLP‘s practice is active across a wide array of matters in the sector, including on development disputes, telecoms, insolvency and block management work. The team also features a prominent fire safety practice led by ‘exceptional partner’ Ben Robinson, who acts on a number of residential property issues. Department head Donald Lambert is focused on development disputes such as rights of light, forward-funding and conditional sales.

Practice head(s):

Donald Lambert

Other key lawyers:

Ben Robinson; David Masters; Laura West; Sara Stephens


‘Penningtons is amongst the very best of the firms I deal with. They are practical, diligent, thorough and robust in their advice and dealings with other parties – in short, everything clients want in their legal advisors.’

‘Ben Robinson is an exceptional partner with a breadth of knowledge far beyond his specialism. He is sharp, delivers for his clients and is a real pleasure to deal with.’

‘Really down-to-earth and good value while being the top of their game in litigation.’

‘Ben Robinson is outstanding – a real leader and the future of the firm.’

‘Donald Lambert demonstrates his experience by developing effective strategies to achieve his clients’ goals. He is always keeping an eye on the big picture.’

‘The team are always available and even when key people are away, other members of the team are always up-to-speed and able to fill in seamlessly.’

‘Ben Robinson is approachable, knowledgeable and a great people person, who takes you on the journey to enhance your understanding of the issues and challenges. He instills confidence.’

‘Sara Stephens is a talented solicitor. She has a wealth of experience and offers clients practical, commercial advice.’

Key clients

Aviva Investors Ground Rent GP Limited & Aviva Ground Rent Holdco Limited

Monkhill Limited

Munroe K Luxembourg SA

Southern Housing Group

Metropolitan Thames Valley

Sellar Property Group (developers of The Shard)

Peabody Trust

Cross Stone Securities Limited

Rock Asset Management

Work highlights

  • Acting for the respondent in the Supreme Court case of Aviva Investors Ground Rent GP Ltd and another (Respondents) v Williams and others (Appellants), a significant decision for the whole sector which ensures that landlords retain crucial control over discretionary management decisions in respect of residential service charges.
  • Acting for a social housing provider in relation to a project to enter into agreements pursuant to the Electronic Communications Code to provide full fibre connections to the entire portfolio, covering a range of matters including in relation to fire safety, post-installation.
  • Acting in relation to a Rent Review Arbitration on behalf of the landlord worth £2.2m. Arguments before the Arbitrator concern ‘comparables’ permitted under the assumptions set out in the lease.

RWK Goodman

The ‘professional, supportive, responsive’ property disputes team at RWK Goodman is experienced in handling a range of residential and commercial disputes. Angela Gregson leads the team in London, specialising in neighbourly matters and rights of light issues. Ian McEwan focuses primarily on commercial property disputes in the retail sector for both landlords and tenants. Nick Martyn is particularly experienced in leasehold enfranchisement work.

Practice head(s):

Caroline Preist; Angela Gregson

Other key lawyers:

Ian McEwan; Nick Martyn


‘Client satisfaction is top of this firms priorities and they certainly deliver on this promise. There is a good level of knowledge and a willingness to recommend the best deal in the circumstances.’

‘Nick Martyn is undoubtedly the best solicitor our firm has used. He is personable, has a practical approach and ability to explain complex legal issues in a way the individual will understand marks him out as a valuable resource for us that we use more regularly as a result.’

‘Professional, supportive, responsive, fair and flexible.’

Key clients

Scribbler Holdings Limited

Accessorize Stores Limited

VT Group

Letchworth Garden City Heritage Foundation

Work highlights

  • Acting for Letchworth Garden City Heritage Foundation to obtain an injunction to oblige a freehold homeowner to demolish an outbuilding that has been constructed in breach of the terms of the Scheme of Management.
  • Acting for the successful defendant in a widely-reported case where the individual’s neighbours sought an injunction to remove an extension.

Simmons & Simmons

Simmons & Simmons handles contentious matters for a broad client base consisting of established property companies, developers, funds and banks. The team is led by Jason Juden who regularly acts on property litigation issues surrounding rent review, dilapidations, rights of light and forfeiture.

Practice head(s):

Jason Juden

Other key lawyers:

Ashika Patel


‘Every member of the team I have dealt with over the years is very knowledgeable and easy to work with.’

‘Jason Juden is exceptionally able and Ashika Patel is particularly good.’

‘Response from the team has been quick and efficient with advice being given with a commercial outlook and a resolution in mind.’

Key clients


Native Land



Grosvenor Estate

HSBC Pension Fund

STEF Nagel Langdons Limited

London Investments PTE

Baolo Properties

Social Supported Housing GP LLP

Work highlights

  • Acted in a nuisance and damages claim involving water and sewerage ingress in relation to a central London building impacting our landlord client’s ability to refurbish premises and relet.
  • Defending a claim by a landlord of a centra London building trying to pass expensive re-cladding works (post Grenfell) through the service charge in our client’s long lease.
  • Providing contentious advice across Grosvener Estate’s central London estate.

Watson Farley & Williams LLP

Active across the full-range of contentious real estate services, Watson Farley & Williams LLP is particularly experienced in regard to development and infrastructure disputes. Other focus areas include cladding and fire safety, residential disputes and property insolvency. The 'excellent' Dev Desai leads the group and specialises in landlord and tenant disputes, while also representing developers and financial institutions.

Practice head(s):

Dev Desai

Other key lawyers:

Alexander Mulroney; Rupi Chandla


‘A highly responsive and experienced client-focused team providing commercially-minded advice to achieve the optimum financial outcome for the client.’

‘Dev Desai and Alex Mulroney are both highly experienced property litigators who work well together. They are easy to talk to and invariably provide timely and commercially-focused advice. They have provided us with a high-level of service over a number of years.’

‘The team at WFW are very personable and appreciate the holistic approach to development and its associated risks. The WFW team are very much part of the development team and collaborate with all, providing sensible, commercial advice.’

‘The team is diverse, multi-talented and takes a holistic approach. They tackle problems quickly and efficiently.’

‘Dev Desai has been excellent. His commercial acumen and experience are second-to-none. He is transparent, direct and cost-effective in his approach.’

‘What makes this practice unique in my eyes is the responsiveness of the lawyers. They are always on-hand to respond to queries swiftly.’

‘The team is particularly strong when it comes to development support, ESG, property-related insolvency and high-class residential matters.’

‘Alexander Mulroney has a great analytical mind and is very strong when it comes to strategic thinking.’

Key clients

BP Investment Management Limited

Ropemaker Properties Limited

The Advertising Association

Eastern Pyramid Group Corporation SA

The Guide Association

Nordea Bank

Optimus Wind Limited

Collier Contracts Limited

Austringer Group of Companies

South Coast Furnishing Company Limited

De Villiers South West Ltd

Tower Hill Property Investments (10) Limited

Generation Investments Limited

Work highlights

  • Acting for the Girl Guides in a complex forfeiture case against the administrators of the operator company running the luxury hotel situated by Buckingham Palace.
  • Advising the Eastern Pyramid Group in relation to its landmark building in London’s prestigious Lancaster Gate (Spire House).
  • Representing the client in a complex lease and elapsed guarantee dispute where we deftly manoeuvred the parties to a resolution whilst avoiding costly litigation.


Weightmans' team is known for its work with clients in the healthcare, social housing and public sector industries, wherein the property litigation team handles a range of commercial and residential disputes, including dilapidation claims and leasehold enfranchisement cases. Simon Hartley leads the team as a ‘stalwart ally’ for landlords and tenants in the retail, leisure and healthcare sectors, where he is skilled in matters concerning dilapidation, in particular.

Practice head(s):

Simon Hartley

Other key lawyers:

Sian Evans


‘Simon Hartley is dedicated, thoughtful and a stalwart ally dealing with complex leasehold reform matters.’

‘Professional and always collaborative in dealing with clients.’

‘Simon Hartley is able to identify and prioritise actions in a fair and effective manner, based on the best interests of his client. He explains legal terminology with ease and takes time to explain points of law carefully.’

‘Although a stressful time for me, my interactions with Weightmans were always positive and helpful. Regardless of position, each person I dealt with seemed to enjoy their work and were dedicated to do the best they possibly could.’

‘Simon takes a very commercial and creative approach to resolving matters, tailoring his approach to the client and the circumstances.’

Key clients

Newflex Leases Limited

J.H. & R.R. Mundy (Roofing Supplies) Limited

MacIntyre Hudson LLP

Knightsbridge Residents Management Company Ltd

Maypole Dock Limited

MDDUS Property Limited

Pankhurst Family Trust

Bramgard Freehold Limited

Lawrence Barnes Limited

27 Lennox Gardens Limited

Avison Young UK

HHFA Group Limited

Douvalls Limited

Four Seasons Health Care Limited

P J Care Limited

6 Embankment Gardens RTM Company Ltd

Christopher Holland and Jessica Holland

Nowzer Majainah

Mary Adwoa Akyaa Boakye

Work highlights

  • Acted for J.H. & R.R. Mundy (Roofing Supplies) Limited in relation to an attempt to review a purported lease of its premises, which led to the defence of a claim by its landlord for a declaration that the lease was valid and the resolution of a wider corporate dispute.
  • Advised Maypole Dole Limited in relation to the settlement of an overage claim against the developer who purchased its development site.
  • Represented Mary Adwoa Akyaa Boakye in the Court of Appeal in relation to the successful appeal of a decision of the Upper Tribunal (Lands Chamber) in reported case Kensquare Ltd -v- Boakye 2021.