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SyCip Salazar Hernandez & Gatmaitan

Work +63 2 982 3700
Fax +63 2 817 3896
Cebu, Davao, Manila, Subic Bay Freeport Zone

Ricardo Ma. Palma Gil Ongkiko

Work +63 2 9823500
SyCip Salazar Hernandez & Gatmaitan

Work Department

Litigation and Arbitration.


Ricardo Ma. P.G. Ongkiko is a partner in SyCip Salazar Hernandez & Gatmaitan. He heads the firm's Litigation Department and is a member of its Executive Committee. His practice areas include international and domestic arbitration, construction arbitration, mediation, civil and commercial litigation, corporation law, and contract law.

He has handled and tried a broad range of cases involving contract disputes, corporate restructuring and arbitration, debt recovery, infrastructure and engineering disputes, intra-corporate controversies, insurance cases, and tort. He also has extensive experience in international and domestic arbitration dealing with commercial and construction disputes. Mr. Ongkiko has also provided corporate compliance services, having served as director and corporate secretary of several corporations.


Mr. Ongkiko entered SyCipLaw as a legal assistant in November 1988 after taking the Philippine Bar. He became junior associate in 1989 after he passed the Philippine Bar.

He worked briefly with Kinsella Boesch Fujikawa & Towle Law Offices (Los Angeles) as a foreign attorney in 1992 after his graduate studies, before returning to SyCipLaw. He was promoted to senior associate in 1994 and was admitted into the partnership in 1997.

Mr. Ongkiko is a contributor to several publications, including the Philippine Chapters of Herbert Smith’s Guide to Dispute Resolution in Asia, Norton Rose’s Arbitration in Asia, and Kluwer Law International’s International Civil Procedure. He was co-author of the Philippine Chapters of Getting the Deal Through: Restructuring & Insolvency 2012, Aspatore, Inc.’s Winning Legal Strategies: International Litigation: A Country-By-Country Look at Negotiations, Trials, and Successful Dispute Resolution in Major Markets Around the Globe, Global White Page Section’s The Asia-Pacific Restructuring and Insolvency Guide 2006, and Multilaw and Oceana Publication’s Digest of Commercial Laws of the World.


English, Filipino, and Basic Mandarin.


Mr. Ongkiko is a member of The Chartered Institute of Arbitrators (East Asia Branch) and the Makati Chapter of the Integrated Bar of the Philippines, where he was director from 1997 to 1999 and secretary from 1999 to 2001. He is a trustee, vice president for development, and accredited arbitrator of the Philippine Institute of Arbitrators, and a trustee, assistant corporate secretary, and accredited arbitrator of the Philippine Dispute Resolution Center, Inc. He is a member of the Philippine Institute of Construction Arbitrators and Mediators, and an accredited arbitrator of the Construction Industry Arbitration Commission. He is also a Philippine Supreme Court-accredited mediator for the Philippine Court of Appeals.


Mr. Ongkiko earned his Bachelor of Arts in Economics (1984, magna cum laude) and Bachelor of Laws (1988, cum laude, class salutatorian) degrees from the University of the Philippines. He earned his Master of Laws (1992) from the University of Michigan.


Mr. Ongkiko loves to play golf in his free time.


Dispute resolution

Within: Dispute resolution

Ricardo Ongkiko heads the ‘excellent’ dispute resolution practice at SyCip Salazar Hernandez & Gatmaitan, with strong support from Emmanuel Lombos and Carlos Lopez. The team provides ‘impressive legal analysis and strategic thinking’, with particular expertise in civil, criminal and administrative litigation. Most recently, it successfully defended PLDT in a high-value landmark Supreme Court case on ownership of public utilities.

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Legal Developments by:
SyCip Salazar Hernandez & Gatmaitan

Legal Developments in Philippines

Legal Developments and updates from the leading lawyers in each jurisdiction. To contribute, send an email request to
  • SyCipLaw TMT Bulletin: “More Philippine Data Privacy Act: Are you Ready for Phase II?”

    Controllers and processors who have completed Phase I registration with the National Privacy Commission (NPC) will now have to gear up for Phase II. Phase II involves providing the NPC certain information on the organization’s compliance with the Data Privacy Act (DPA).
  • Getting the Deal Through: Appeals 2017

    The Philippine chapter of Getting the Deal Through: Appeals 2017 was contributed by SyCipLaw partner Ramon G. Songco and associate Kathleen Kay A. de Guzman . The chapter provides key insight into the appellate stage of dispute resolution in the Philippines.
  • The International Comparative Legal Guide to: Patents 2018

    The Philippine chapter of the International Comparative Legal Guide to: Patents 2018 was contributed by SyCipLaw partners Enrique T. Manuel and Vida M. Panganiban-Alindogan . The chapter answers key questions on patent enforcement, patent amendment, licensing, patent term extension, patent prosecution and opposition, border control measures, and antitrust laws and inequitable conduct. It also gives an overview on current patent developments in the country.
  • IBA Taxes Committee: “Developments in Philippine Tax Laws and Regulations”

    The International Bar Association’s (IBA) Taxes Committee published its annual update on tax developments by jurisdiction for 2017. The 2017 update includes a Philippine report by SyCipLaw partner Hiyasmin H. Lapitan entitled “Developments in Philippine Tax Laws and Regulations”. The Philippine report summarizes recent updates related to tax treaty relief, passed-on gross receipts tax, alternative modes of paying taxes, reduction of real property tax on independent power producers, and case law, as well as upcoming tax reform developments.
  • ALB: “Enforcement Update: Philippine Competition Act”

    The August 2017 issue of the Asian Legal Business (ALB)  includes a Philippine regional update by SyCipLaw partner  Arlene M. Maneja entitled, “Enforcement Update: Philippine Competition Act”. The article summarizes the administrative, civil and criminal penalties that apply to companies that have yet to comply with the Philippine Competition Act (PCA). The transitional clause of the PCA to enable parties to renegotiate agreements or restructure their businesses to comply with the law expired on August 7, 2017.
  • CPO: “Philippines: To Be or Not To Be a Data Protection Officer (DPO)”

    Chief Privacy Officer (CPO) Magazine, an online publication owned by Data Privacy Asia, featured an article by SyCipLaw partner Rose Marie M. King-Dominguez . Entitled “Philippines: To Be or Not To Be a Data Protection Officer (DPO) ”, the article discusses the qualifications and responsibilities of a DPO as outlined in the Philippine Data Privacy Act of 2012. It also outlines difficulties companies may experience in the appointment of a DPO.
  • ALB: “Guidelines on Related Party Transactions for Insurers in the Philippines”

    The July 2017 issue of the Asian Legal Business (ALB) includes a Philippine regional update by SyCipLaw partner Hiyasmin H. Lapitan and associate Jo Margarette W. Remollo entitled, “Guidelines on Related Party Transactions for Insurers in the Philippines ”. The article summarizes the Insurance Commission’s compliance guidelines on related party transactions, as set out in Insurance Circular Letter No. 2017-29. The Circular covers insurers, reinsurers, branch offices of foreign insurers, mutual benefit associations, pre-need companies, and health maintenance organizations and their intermediaries.
  • Philippines Chapter in The Tax Disputes and Litigation Review - Edition 5

    The Philippines section of The Tax Disputes and Litigation Review - Edition 5 contains information on commencing disputes, including national and local taxes; courts and tribunals; penalties and remedies; tax claims, including recovering overpaid taxes, challenging administrative decisions, and claimants; costs; alternative dispute resolution; anti-avoidance; double taxation treaties; areas of focus; and outlook and conclusions. The section was contributed by SyCipLaw partner  Carina C. Laforteza  with support from associate  Mark Xavier D. Oyales .
  • IFLR: “Philippines: Acquiring insurance brokers”

    The April issue of the International Financial Law Review (IFLR) includes an international briefing article by SyCipLaw partner  Hiyasmin H. Lapitan  entitled “Philippines: Acquiring insurance brokers”. The article discusses the new requirement by the Philippine Insurance Commission (IC) for advance approval to acquire a stake in a Philippine corporation that is licensed as an insurance broker or reinsurance broker. This requirement is noted in the IC’s circular letter number 2017-09 dated February 14, 2017, which prescribes guidelines on the documentation requirements for acquiring a domestic insurance or reinsurance broker.
  • SyCipLaw Tax Bulletin: Philippine BIR Rules on Proper Tax Treatment of Passed-on Gross Receipts Tax

    On June 13, 2016, the then Commissioner of Internal Revenue issued Revenue Memorandum Circular No. 62-2016 purporting to clarify the proper tax treatment of percentage tax or gross receipts tax (GRT) due on transactions covered by Sections 1211 and 1222 of the Tax Code which are shifted through contractual stipulations to borrowers/customers/clients (“passed-on” GRT). Banks, non-bank financial intermediaries performing quasi-banking functions are subject to GRT under Section 121 while financing companies and other financial intermediaries not performing quasi-banking functions are subject to GRT under Section 122. The effectivity of this circular was suspended on July 1, 2016 by the new Commissioner of Internal Revenue. However, on November 15, 2016, the suspension was lifted by RMC No. 127-2016 rendering RMC No. 62-2016 effective immediately.