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Legal Developments by:
PricewaterhouseCoopers Legal LLP

Legal Developments in Turkey

Legal Developments and updates from the leading lawyers in each jurisdiction. To contribute, send an email request to
  • Turkey’s Unlicensed Solar Energy, Investment Opportunities and the Application Procedures

    By means of its geographical location, Turkey appears to be one of the sunniest countries in Europe, with the calculated solar radiation level quite similar to Portugal and Spain. In order to reduce the natural gas dependency from northern countries, Turkey has taken very big steps for energy market privatization and renewable energy investments. Thus, in last 10 years, energy politics and incentives aim to direct investors to invest on renewable energy generation with high potential of profits. 
  • Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs) And Turkey

    In terms of the power generation, using the natural gas takes first and the coal takes second place in Turkey. The production of electricity from renewable resources is approximately %3,7 in the world and this rate is %3,1 in Turkey. The world supplies %13,7 percentage of the electricity need with the nuclear power and yet Turkey has no facility to produce electricity with nuclear plants. Furthermore, the installed capacity of nuclear-generated electricity production is anticipated to increase by 58 % all around the world in 2035. For instance; even with today's state, the share of nuclear energy in electricity generation in France is 78%.
  • Another Patchwork Amendment to Turkish Internet Law

    There has been a new amendment to the recent legislative proposal ("Proposal") on amendment to the Law No. 5651 on Regulation of Broadcasts via Internet and Prevention of Crimes Committed through Such Broadcasts ("Law No. 5651"), which is known as "Internet Law". The amended Proposal is submitted to the Turkish Grand National Assembly ("TGNA") on January 23, 2015.
  • Draft Law on Shopping Malls in Turkey

    Turkey has been becoming a “shopping mall heaven” ever since 1988 which is the time that the first shopping mall was built in Turkey. The sector is now more than twenty five years old and has had an effective acceleration up to now without any specific legislation. Both the increase of the malls and direct effect to the market from competition perspective required to regulate the sector and the draft law which includes both arrangements of the retail trade and the shopping malls have been started to handle by Industry Commission of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey.
  • Assessment of the Turkish Competition Board Decisions Regarding Restriction of Online Sales

    Online sales numerous advantages have rendered them increasingly popular during the past years. The internet, due to its unique characteristics, provides companies with an enlarged geographic scope, thus enabling them to promote their products widely, avoiding, at the same time, the operational costs of a brick and mortar shop. From the customers' perspective, it enhances consumers' variety of choice and their ability to virtually compare prices from several stores.
  • Turkey: Mitigating Anti-Corruption Risks In Emerging Markets

    With the execution of the OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions and the increasing enforcement of the US Foreign Corrupt Practices Act ("FCPA"), multinational companies are more aware of the consequences of corrupt behavior than ever. Due to historically high fines imposed for corrupt behavior, compliance is of crucial concern for companies. This becomes an even bigger issue, when a company begins to conduct business in emerging markets. This is because, emerging markets may be more risky for anti-corruption risks due to the difference in anti-corruption laws and perceptions. Therefore, the adoption of a compliance program and engaging in rigorous third party due diligence as a part of this compliance program becomes mandatory for multinational companies active in emerging markets.
  • Turkey: Mergers and Acquisitions Deals in 2014, Expectations for 2015

    Turkey, as an emerging market, has its ups and downs to invest from time to time. These times depend on several different factors, but tracing them has crucial importance for investors. Focusing into Mergers & Acquisitions deals can be inspiring when taking decisions for investments.
  • Supervision of Industrial Organizations Manufacturing Military Equipment, Weapons, Ammunition and Ex

    The arms industry with over 600 modernization projects is booming in Turkey. The government policies in manufacturing and new offset regulations towards to domestic procurement ensure continuous transformation and development. The 2023 vision of the government is to be ranked in first ten countries in defense industry and to manufacture all ground vehicles, marine vessels and unmanned aerial vehicles domestically.
  • Outline of the Law on Defence Industrial Security and Classified Military Information in Turkish Def

    Law No 5201, Defence Industrial Security Law, dated 29.06.2004 is the principle document regulates the Turkish defence industry and set forth the legal framework of all classified military agreement, information, documentation, project, purchase, sell, manufacturing, research and development, storage of material or services, facilities to conduct those activities related to defence industry excluding the staff of and the facilities belong to Turkish Armed Forces.
  • Construction for Allotment Agreements: Distinction between Incomplete Work - Defective Work

    I. Introduction to Construction for Allotment Agreements A. Definition and Elements In practice, especially in Turkey, there are numerous types of construction agreements relying on various terms and principles by virtue of the " freedom of contract " principle governing law of obligations. Construction for allotment agreement is the most common one among agreements that diverges from traditional construction agreements. [1] On that note, a traditional construction agreement can be specified as an agreement, pursuant to which the contractor undertakes to construct a specific structure whereas the client undertakes to pay a certain amount in consideration thereto.