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Legal Developments by:
PricewaterhouseCoopers Legal LLP

Legal Developments in Turkey

Legal Developments and updates from the leading lawyers in each jurisdiction. To contribute, send an email request to
  • Taxation, Import, Export and Transfers under Turkish Petroleum Law

    The Turkish Petroleum Law, a touchstone for goals of attracting foreign investors to Turkish petroleum industry entered into force on 11 June 2013 and has been introduced as a revolution in oil and gas industry as it was leveling the playing field for foreign investors and removing the privileged rights of the state company. 
  • SLOT Applications in EU and Turkey

    In consideration of the duties and responsibilities of each two above mentioned authorities, the SLOTs regulations have been mentioned on laws and directives drafted by the DGCA until 17 June 2010. After 17 June 2010, the legal authority for SLOT application was transferred to GDSAA by the Ministry of Transport (restructured and named as Ministry of Transport, Maritime Affairs and Communication as of 01 November 2011).However, in current situation, the legal responsibility for SLOT applications is at the DGCA but the legal power is still exercised by GDSAA.
  • Work Permits under Wet Lease Agreements for Oil Exploration Operations: Secondment is a Solution for

    As part of exploration operations of multinational companies, wet lease agreements are gaining more importance especially in oil and gas industry and foreign carriers who takes part in such operations are still not clear about either their employees require work permit or not, in cases where they entered into a subcontractor and wet lease agreement with Turkish air carriers for air transport works to be conducted under exploration operations. The questions mostly concentrate on classification in status of flying and non flying personnel and the flying field since the operations are offshore. In this article you will find out more specific about what Turkish law requires and how to interpret the law under those two spotlights.
  • SLOT Applications At Turkish Civil Aviation

    Principally, the Turkish civil aviation legislation is prepared by two authorities in Turkey: Directorate General of Civil ("DGCA") and the General Directorate of State Airports Authority ("GDSAA"). DGCA regulates and ensures the development of the civil aviation activities therefore GDSAA performs the management of Turkish airports and controls the Turkish airspace as a state owned enterprise since 1984
  • Collateral Assignments in Respect of Credit Agreements: Belt or Suspender for Foreign Companies in T

    Turkey has been one of the fastest growing economies during the course of the last decade. Its strong and resilient economy has transformed Turkey in to one of the most important economic hubs in its region. The banking sector has a crucial role to play in this story of success. 
  • Portable Electronic Devices are Allowed at Turkish Airline Companies

  • Work Permits for Foreign Shareholders and Managers in Turkey

    Since last 10 years the financial developments and the promising financial and technological progresses notably in energy, tourism and infrastructure sectors have attracted the foreign investors' interest. Since the number of foreign investments has been increasing within these developments, the question, if a company may have foreign shareholders and foreign board members has come to the fore. This was actually the result of the frequent change in laws as part of adaptation progress to E.U legislation. 
  • INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS IN DEFENSE INDUSTRY: BEYOND THE INTANGIBILITY IN TURKEY

    The intellectual property rights (IP) are conceptually is linked to both intellectual and industrial rights in Turkish legislation. Intellectual property rights are almost related to the intellectual and artistic works, linked rights (neighboring rights), computer programs and databases and protected with royalty, while industrial rights contain patents, utility models, trademarks, industrial designs, topographies of integrated circuits (chips), geographical indications, plant varieties, other names and signs, trade secrets (know-how, undisclosed information) and they are protected with industrial and exclusive rights.
  • An Overview of FIDIC Rules

    FIDIC, (Federation Internationale Des Ingenieurs Conseils), International Federation of Consulting Engineers aims to find a resolution in construction sector. There are five different FIDIC contracts in different colors that regulates different and separate obligations and rights. Today FIDIC is applied to 30 % of international construction project contracts. In Turkey, FIDIC mostly was preferred in high volume construction projects such as Marmaray Bosphorus Project, Baku Ceyhan Pipeline Construction Project, Ankara- Istanbul Highway Construction. 
  • Delivery of Leviathan Gas through Turkey

    Israel's offshore Tamar and Leviathan gas fields in Eastern Mediterranean Sea have a significant discovery in order to meet Europe's rising gas and energy need.