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In the Legal Insights edition of 18 March 2013, we presented the potential changes to the Romanian renewable energy scheme, resulting from an unofficial working draft Government Emergency Ordinance (GEO) circulated on the market. This Tuesday (2 April 2013), a draft Government Emergency Ordinance on the amendment of Law no. 220/2008 was officially published on the website of the Ministry of Economy. The public is invited to submit comment within the next 30 days, to the e-mail address firstname.lastname@example.org.
Romania seems to be one of the most attractive CEE jurisdictions for renewable energy investments, due to the generous support scheme which generated increasing enthusiasm over the past few years. Implemented in 2005, the support scheme for renewable energy (RES) consisting of tradable green certificates (GCs) combined with mandatory acquisition quotas was improved in 2008 and subsequently in 2010, but was only applicable as of mid-2011, upon state aid clearance from the European Commission (EC).
Although its stability over time represents the essence of the Romanian Constitution (the “Constitution”) and of any constitution, such fundamental law within the Romanian legal system should at the same time, at any moment, represent both a frame of reference for the Romanian social, political and economical life and a reflection of such. Given the accelerated changes within the society, in order for the Constitution to be brought in line with the overall social, political and economical evolution and perspectives, a procedure for its revision and also the limitations in what regards the possibility for the Constitution to be revised are established by this fundamental law itself. .
Government emergency ordinance no. 8/2013 for the amendment and supplementation of Law no. 571/2003 regarding the Fiscal Code and the regulation of certain financial and fiscal measures (published in the Official Gazette no. 54/23.01.2013) enters into force starting from 1 February 2013. GEO 8 introduces a number of important amendments and supplementa-tions in the fiscal legislation. We shall further present some of the amendments related to di-rect taxation, respectively to social insurance.
1. Background The Romanian Competition Law no. 21/1996 (the "Law") has been adopted and amended on various occasions so that it reflects the evolution of the competition law provisions in the EU. On 6 July 2010 the Law has been substantially amended, introducing among other institutions the commitments procedure for anticompetitive practices. Previously, the commitments were available only in merger cases under the form of remedies. The commitments procedure has been detailed in RCC guidelines issued in December 2010 (the "Guidelines"), which have been amended at the end of year 2012.
Friday (11 January 2013), the Romanian energy market regulator (ANRE) published on its website for public consultation a proposal for a procedure and regulation on OTC electricity trading (the "Proposal"). ANRE has invited stakeholders to submit their comments by 21 January 2013.
If the Romanian taxation system were under any sign, it would surely not have been Libra this year. Hence, the unbalanced practice of abrupt or disputed changes to the tax legislation persisted in disregarding the principles set forth in art. 4 of the Romanian Fiscal Code, whereby (i) the code is to be amended solely based on a law, (ii) the amending law must be advocated for, as a rule, six months prior to its entry into force, and (iii) any amendment to the code will enter into force starting the 1st of January following the year it was adopted.
Authors: Luminita Popa, Partner Musat & Asociatii, Iulian Popescu, Partner Musat & Asociatii
2012 marked an overhaul of the Arbitration Rules of the Court of International Commercial Arbitration Court ("CICA Rules", the "Rules") attached to the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Romania. Approved by means of Resolution no. 17/2012 for the approval of the Rules of Arbitration of the Court of International Commercial Arbitration, subsequently published in the Official Gazette of Romania, part I, no. 97 of 7 February 2012, the revised Rules govern institutional arbitration, as well as ad-hoc arbitration.
The changes generated strong reactions in the Romanian arbitration community and are expected to have far reaching ramifications for practitioners, as well as parties seeking dispute resolution under the auspices of the CICA Rules.
This article aims to summarize the main amendments brought by the new Rules for Arbitration, as well as explore their practical impact on the future development of arbitration in Romania.
The absence of a contract regulating the duration and termination of a distribution relationship does not necessarily entitle a party to abruptly terminate the agreement without facing financial exposure to the other party. In particular, a reasonable notice period should be given to allow the other party to adapt its business operations.
After the New Civil Code entered into force on October 1, 2011, significant amendments were brought to the legal framework regulating the guarantees’ field, either by effective legislative changes to the existing institutions or by introduction of new types of guarantees. The New Civil Code also changed the terminology in the field (e.g. “mortgage” designates both securities over real estate and movable assets, while “pledge” is now referring only to a security interest with dispossession).
Author: Monia Dobrescu, Partner Musat & Asociatii